Frederick M. Walter - Stony Brook University, USA

Frederick M. Walter
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Frederick M. Walter
Stony Brook University, USA
Stony Brook
United States

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Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (27)
Astrophysics (16)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (4)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (3)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
Nuclear Theory (1)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Frederick M. Walter

N103B is a Type Ia supernova remnant (SNR) projected in the outskirt of the superbubble around the rich cluster NGC 1850 in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). We have obtained H$\alpha$ and continuum images of N103B with the $\textit{Hubble Space Telescope}$ ($\textit{HST}$) and high-dispersion spectra with 4m and 1.5m telescopes at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory. Read More

It has recently been discovered that some, if not all, classical novae emit GeV gamma-rays during outburst, but the mechanics of this gamma-ray emission are still not well understood. We present here a comprehensive, multi-wavelength dataset---from radio to X-rays---for the most gamma-ray luminous classical nova to-date, V1324 Sco. Using this dataset, we show that V1324 Sco is a canonical dusty Fe-II type nova, with a bulk ejecta velocity of $1150 \pm 40~\rm km~s^{-1}$ and an ejecta mass of $2. Read More

Forbidden neon emission from jets of low-mass young stars can be used to probe the underlying high-energy processes in these systems. We analyze spectra of the jet of DG Tau obtained with the Very Large Telescope/X-Shooter spectrograph in 2010. [Ne III] $\lambda$3869 is clearly detected in the innermost 3" microjet and the outer knot located at $\sim$6". Read More

Since the Fermi discovery of $\gamma$-rays from novae, one of the biggest questions in the field has been how novae generate such high-energy emission. Shocks must be a fundamental ingredient. Six months of radio observations of the 2012 nova V5589 Sgr with the VLA and 15 weeks of X-ray observations with Swift/XRT show that the radio emission consisted of: 1) a shock-powered, non-thermal flare; and 2) weak thermal emission from $10^{-5}$ M$_\odot$ of freely expanding, photoionized ejecta. Read More

The results from a spectro-polarimetric study of the planet-hosting Sun-like star, HD 147513 (G5V), are presented here. Robust detections of Zeeman signatures at all observed epochs indicate a surface magnetic field, with longitudinal magnetic field strengths varying between 1.0-3. Read More

It has recently been discovered that some, if not all, classical novae emit GeV gamma-rays during outburst. Despite using an unreliable method to determine its distance, previous work showed that nova V1324 Sco was the most gamma-ray luminous of all gamma-ray-detected novae. We present here a different, more robust, method to determine the reddening and distance to V1324 Sco using high-resolution optical spectroscopy. Read More

We present the results of an intensive multiwavelength campaign on nova LMC 2012. This nova evolved very rapidly in all observed wavelengths. The time to fall two magnitudes in the V band was only 2 days. Read More

The YY Ori stars are T Tauri stars with prominent time-variable redshifted absorption components that flank certain emission lines. One of the brightest in this class is S CrA, a visual double star. We have obtained a series of high-resolution spectra of the two components during four nights with the UVES spectrograph at the Very Large Telescope. Read More

Neon emission lines are good indicators of high-excitation regions close to a young stellar system because of their high ionization potentials and large critical densities. We have discovered [Ne III]{\lambda}3869 emission from the microjets of Sz 102, a low-mass young star in Lupus III. Spectroastrometric analyses of two-dimensional [Ne III] spectra obtained from archival high-dispersion ($R\approx 33,000$) Very Large Telescope/UVES data suggest that the emission consists of two velocity components spatially separated by ~ 0. Read More

We present new results on the classical T Tauri star RU Lupi based on three observing runs collecting high-resolution spectra, complementary NIR spectra, multicolour photometric data, and X-ray observations. The photospheric absorption lines are weakened. This veiling becomes extremely strong on occasion, and we show that this effect is due to narrow emission lines that fill in the photospheric lines. Read More

Affiliations: 1NASA Herschel Science Center, USA, 2Peking University, China, 3California Institute of Technology, USA, 4University of Michigan, USA, 5University of Colorado, Boulder, USA, 6University of Colorado, Boulder, USA, 7Smith College, USA, 8Rice University, USA, 9JILA, USA, 10Central China Normal University, China, 11Space Telescope Science Institute, USA, 12Observatoire de Paris, France, 13University of Leicester, UK, 14University of Michigan, USA, 15University of Michigan, USA, 16Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, USA, 17University of Michigan, USA, 18Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, USA, 19California Institute of Technology, USA, 20ESO, Germany, 21Observatoire de Paris, France, 22Southwest Research Institute, USA, 23Stony Brook University, USA

For Classical T Tauri Stars (CTTSs), the resonance lines of N V, Si IV, and C IV, as well as the He II 1640 A line, act as diagnostics of the accretion process. Here we assemble a large high-resolution dataset of these lines in CTTSs and Weak T Tauri Stars (WTTSs). We present data for 35 stars: one Herbig Ae star, 28 CTTSs, and 6 WTTSs. Read More

We analyze the accretion properties of 21 low mass T Tauri stars using a dataset of contemporaneous near ultraviolet (NUV) through optical observations obtained with the Hubble Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) and the ground based Small and Medium Aperture Research Telescope System (SMARTS), a unique dataset because of the nearly simultaneous broad wavelength coverage. Our dataset includes accreting T Tauri stars (CTTS) in Taurus, Chamaeleon I, $\eta$ Chamaeleon and the TW Hydra Association. For each source we calculate the accretion rate by fitting the NUV and optical excesses above the photosphere, produced in the accretion shock, introducing multiple accretion components characterized by a range in energy flux (or density) for the first time. Read More

We introduce the Stony Brook / SMARTS Atlas of (mostly) Southern Novae. This atlas contains both spectra and photometry obtained since 2003. The data archived in this atlas will facilitate systematic studies of the nova phenomenon and correlative studies with other comprehensive data sets. Read More

We report parallax measurements for 70 ultracool dwarfs (UCDs). Using both literature values and our sample, we report new polynomial relations between spectral type and M$_{JHK}$. Including resolved L/T transition binaries in the relations, we find no reason to differentiate between a "bright" (unresolved binary) and "faint" (single source) sample across the L/T boundary. Read More

FS Tau B is one of the few T Tauri stars that possess a jet and a counterjet as well as an optically-visible cavity wall. We obtained images and spectra of its jet-cavity system in the near-infrared H and K bands using Subaru/IRCS and detected the jet and the counterjet in the [Fe II] 1.644 \mu m line for the first time. Read More

Stellar wind-emission features in the spectrum of eta Carinae have decreased by factors of 1.5-3 relative to the continuum within the last 10 years. We investigate a large data set from several instruments (STIS, GMOS, UVES) obtained between 1998 and 2011 and we analyze the progression of spectral changes in the direct view of the star, in the reflected polar-on spectra at FOS4, and at the Weigelt knots. Read More

Young stars surrounded by disks with very low mass accretion rates are likely in the final stages of inner disk evolution and therefore particularly interesting to study. We present ultraviolet (UV) observations of the ~5-9 Myr old stars RECX-1 and RECX-11, obtained with the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) and Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), as well as optical and near infrared spectroscopic observations. The two stars have similar levels of near UV emission, although spectroscopic evidence indicates that RECX-11 is accreting and RECX-1 is not. Read More

The Swift GRB satellite is an excellent facility for studying novae. Its rapid response time and sensitive X-ray detector provides an unparalleled opportunity to investigate the previously poorly sampled evolution of novae in the X-ray regime. This paper presents Swift observations of 52 Galactic/Magellanic Cloud novae. Read More

The 2008 optical transient in NGC 300 is one of a growing class of intermediate-luminosity transients that brighten several orders of magnitude from a previously optically obscured state. The origin of their eruptions is not understood. Our multi-wavelength photometry and spectroscopy from maximum light to more than a year later provide a record of its post-eruption behavior. Read More

We exploit the high sensitivity and moderate spectral resolution of the $HST$-Cosmic Origins Spectrograph to detect far-ultraviolet spectral features of carbon monoxide (CO) present in the inner regions of protoplanetary disks for the first time. We present spectra of the classical T Tauri stars HN Tau, RECX-11, and V4046 Sgr, representative of a range of CO radiative processes. HN Tau shows CO bands in absorption against the accretion continuum. Read More

We report the discovery that the star V474 Car is an extremely active, high velocity halo RS CVn system. The star was originally identified as a possible pre-main sequence star in Carina, given its enhanced stellar activity, rapid rotation (10.3 days), enhanced Li, and absolute magnitude that places it above the main sequence. Read More

Affiliations: 1GSFC, 2LMATC, 3CfA, 4CUA, 5GSFC, 6Seabrook Eng., 7GMU, 8GSFC, 9STScI, 10UCO/Boulder, 11CUA, 12STScI, 13U. Aarhus, 14CfA, 15U. Texas/Arlington, 16GSFC, 17CfA, 18CfA, 19CfA, 20NSO/NOAO, 21UCO/Boulder, 22GSFC, 23College de France, 24GSFC, 25NGST, 26UCO/Boulder, 27NGST, 28NOAO, 29MIT, 30BATC, 31Aurora Flight Systems, 32CfA, 33NSO, 34CfA, 35CfA/Harvard, 36MSFC, 37GSFC, 38AI-Potsdam, 39SUNY, 40ASU, 41GSFC, 42LMSSC

The Stellar Imager mission concept is a space-based UV/Optical interferometer designed to resolve surface magnetic activity and subsurface structure and flows of a population of Sun-like stars, in order to accelerate the development and validation of a predictive dynamo model for the Sun and enable accurate long-term forecasting of solar/stellar magnetic activity. Read More

Understanding how disks dissipate is essential to studies of planet formation. However, identifying exactly how dust and gas dissipates is complicated due to difficulty in finding objects clearly in the transition of losing their surrounding material. We use Spitzer IRS spectra to examine 35 photometrically-selected candidate cold disks (disks with large inner dust holes). Read More

Time-resolved spectra throughout the orbit of EF Eri during its low accretion state were obtained with the Solar Blind Channel on the Advanced Camera for Surveys onboard the Hubble Space Telescope. The overall spectral distribution exhibits peaks at 1500 and 1700A, while the UV light curves display a quasi-sinusoidal modulation over the binary orbit. Models of white dwarfs with a hot spot and cyclotron emission were attempted to fit the spectral variations throughout the orbit. Read More

We report on nine wide common proper motion systems containing late-type M, L, or T companions. We confirm six previously reported companions, and identify three new systems. The ages of these systems are determined using diagnostics for both stellar primaries and low--mass secondaries and masses for the secondaries are inferred using evolutionary models. Read More

We summarize some of the compelling new scientific opportunities for understanding stars and stellar systems that can be enabled by sub-mas angular resolution, UV/Optical spectral imaging observations, which can reveal the details of the many dynamic processes (e.g., variable magnetic fields, accretion, convection, shocks, pulsations, winds, and jets) that affect their formation, structure, and evolution. Read More

A luminous optical transient (OT) that appeared in NGC 300 in early 2008 had a maximum brightness, M_V ~ -12 to -13, intermediate between classical novae and supernovae. We present ground-based photometric and spectroscopic monitoring and adaptive-optics imaging of the OT, as well as pre- and post-outburst space-based imaging with HST and Spitzer. The optical spectrum at maximum showed an F-type supergiant photosphere with superposed emission lines of hydrogen, Ca II, and [Ca II], similar to the spectra of low-luminosity Type IIn "supernova impostors" like SN 2008S, as well as cool hypergiants like IRC +10420. Read More

We report proper motion measurements for 427 late-type M, L and T dwarfs, 332 of which have been measured for the first time. Combining these new proper motions with previously published measurements yields a sample of 841 M7-T8 dwarfs. We combined parallax measurements or calculated spectrophotometric distances and computed tangential velocities for the entire sample. Read More

Using Spitzer Space Telescope photometric observations of the eclipsing, interacting binary WZ Sge, we have discovered that the accretion disk is far more complex than previously believed. Our 4.5 and 8 micron time series observations reveal that the well known gaseous accretion disk is surrounded by an asymmetric disk of dusty material with a radius approximately 15 times larger than the gaseous disk. Read More

Affiliations: 11 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley, 21 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley, 31 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley, 41 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley, 51 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley, 61 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley, 71 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley, 81 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley, 91 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley
Category: Astrophysics

Close pre-main-sequence binary stars are expected to clear central holes in their protoplanetary disks, but the extent to which material can flow from the circumbinary disk across the gap onto the individual circumstellar disks has been unclear. In binaries with eccentric orbits, periodic perturbation of the outer disk is predicted to induce mass flow across the gap, resulting in accretion that varies with the binary period. This accretion may manifest itself observationally as periodic changes in luminosity. Read More

EF Eri is a magnetic cataclysmic variable that has been in a low accretion state for the past nine years. Low state optical spectra reveal the underlying Zeeman-split white dwarf absorption lines. These features are used to determine a value of 13-14 MG as the white dwarf field strength. Read More

Long term optical and near-infrared photometric and blue spectroscopic observations were obtained for QS Tel, V834 Cen, and BL Hyi. The optical light curves of all three polars displayed large magnitude changes during our observations. These same high/low state transitions were also apparent in near-infrared JHK photometry, though with decreased amplitude. Read More

Affiliations: 1Centro de Investigaciones de Astronomia - CIDA, 2Max-Planck-Institut fur Radioastronomie, 3National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 4Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 5University of Wisconsin - Madison, 6Stony Brook University, 7Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam
Category: Astrophysics

Low-mass stars 0.1 ~< M ~< 1 Msun) in OB associations are key to addressing some of the most fundamental problems in star formation. The low-mass stellar populations of OB associations provide a snapshot of the fossil star-formation record of giant molecular cloud complexes. Read More

We survey fluorescent H2 emission in HST/STIS spectra of the classical T Tauri stars (CTTSs) TW Hya, DF Tau, RU Lupi, T Tau, and DG Tau, and the weak-lined T Tauri star (WTTS) V836 Tau. From each of those sources we detect between 41-209 narrow H2 emission lines, most of which are pumped by strong Ly-alpha emission. H2 emission is not detected from the WTTS V410 Tau. Read More


We present photometric and spectroscopic results for the low mass pre-main sequence (PMS) stars with spectral types K - M in the cometary globule (CG) 30/31/38 complex. We obtained multi-object high resolution spectra for the targets selected as possible PMS stars from multi-wavelength photometry. We identified 11 PMS stars brighter than V = 16. Read More

We report on photometric (BVRIJHK) and low dispersion spectroscopic observations of V1647 Ori, the star that drives McNeil's Nebula, between 10 February and 7 May 2004. The star is photometrically variable atop a general decline in brightness of about 0.3-0. Read More

We have obtained three long-slit, far UV spectra of the pre-main sequence system T Tauri. These HST/STIS spectra show a strong and variable on-source spectrum composed of both fluoresced H_2 and stellar chromospheric lines. Extended H_2 emission is seen up to 10" from the T Tau system. Read More

The 3" pair of B9 stars, HD 28867, is one of the brightest X-ray sources in the Taurus-Auriga star forming region. In this multi-wavelength study, we attempt to deduce the source of the X-ray emission. We show that the East component is the X-ray source. Read More

New astrometric analysis of four WFPC2 images of the isolated neutron star RX J185635-3754 show that its distance is 117 +/- 12 pc, nearly double the originally published distance. At the revised distance, the star's age is 5 x 10^5 years, its space velocity is about 185 km/s, and its radiation radius inferred from thermal emission is approximately 15 km, in the range of many equations of state both with and without exotic matter. These measurements remove observational support for an extremely soft equation of state. Read More

We have analyzed GHRS data of eight Classical T Tauri stars (CTTSs) and one Weak T Tauri star (WTTS). The GHRS data consist of an spectral range 40 A wide centered on 2800 A. For 4 of the CTTS we have nearly simultaneous optical observations which contain Halpha, Hbeta, HeI, NaD, and the CaII infrared triplet. Read More

We discuss efforts to determine the mass, radius, and surface composition of the nearby compact object RX J185635-3754 from its multi-wavelength spectral energy distribution. We compute non-magnetized model atmospheres and emergent spectra for selected compositions and gravities, and discuss efforts to fit existing and new observational data from ROSAT, EUVE and the HST. The spectral energy distribution matches that expected from a heavy-element dominated atmosphere, but not from a uniform temperature blackbody. Read More

The isolated neutron star RX J185635-3754 is the closest known neutron star to the Sun. Based on HST WFPC2 obervations over a 3 year baseline, I report its proper motion (332 +/- 1 mas/yr at a position angle of 100.3 +/- 0. Read More

Using new and archival spectra from the Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph, we have searched for evidence of chromospheric and transition region emission in six stars of mid- to late-A spectral type. Two of the stars, alpha Aql (A7 IV-V) and alpha Cep (A7 IV-V), show emission in the C~II 1335 A doublet, confirming the presence of hot plasma with temperatures comparable to that of the solar transition region. Using radiative equilibrium photospheric models, we estimate the net surface fluxes in the C II emission line to be 9. Read More