Finn E. Christensen - DTU Space

Finn E. Christensen
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Finn E. Christensen
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DTU Space
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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (49)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (8)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (4)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (3)

Publications Authored By Finn E. Christensen

We present observations of the occulted active region AR12222 during the third {\em NuSTAR} solar campaign on 2014 December 11, with concurrent {\em SDO/}AIA and {\em FOXSI-2} sounding rocket observations. The active region produced a medium size solar flare one day before the observations, at $\sim18$UT on 2014 December 10, with the post-flare loops still visible at the time of {\em NuSTAR} observations. The time evolution of the source emission in the {\em SDO/}AIA $335\textrm{\AA}$ channel reveals the characteristics of an extreme-ultraviolet late phase event, caused by the continuous formation of new post-flare loops that arch higher and higher in the solar corona. Read More

We study the geometry of the AGN obscurer in IRAS 09104+4109, an IR-luminous, radio-intermediate FR-I source at $z=0.442$, using infrared data from Spitzer and Herschel, X-ray data from Nustar, Swift, Suzaku, and Chandra, and an optical spectrum from Palomar. The infrared data imply a total rest-frame 1-1000$\mu$m luminosity of $5. Read More

We present results from the the first campaign of dedicated solar observations undertaken by the \textit{Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope ARray} ({\em NuSTAR}) hard X-ray telescope. Designed as an astrophysics mission, {\em NuSTAR} nonetheless has the capability of directly imaging the Sun at hard X-ray energies ($>$3~keV) with an increase in sensitivity of at least two magnitude compared to current non-focusing telescopes. In this paper we describe the scientific areas where \textit{NuSTAR} will make major improvements on existing solar measurements. Read More

Recently, unresolved hard (20-40 keV) X-ray emission has been discovered within the central 10 pc of the Galaxy, possibly indicating a large population of intermediate polars (IPs). Chandra and XMM-Newton measurements in the surrounding ~50 pc imply a much lighter population of IPs with $\langle M_{\rm WD} \rangle \approx 0.5 M_\odot$. Read More

We report on a simultaneous NuSTAR and Swift observation of the neutron star low-mass X-ray binary 4U 1728-34. We identified and removed four Type I X-ray bursts during the observation in order to study the persistent emission. The continuum spectrum is hard and well described by a black body with $kT=$ 1. Read More

2016Mar
Affiliations: 1Georgia College, 2SSL-UC Berkeley, 3SSL-UC Berkeley, 4IKI Moscow, 5JPL-Caltech, 6Columbia University, 7ESO, 8SSL-UC Berkeley, 9DTU Space, 10SSL-UC Berkeley, 11Columbia University, 12Caltech, 13NASA-GSFC

The high-mass X-ray binary and accreting X-ray pulsar IGR J16393-4643 was observed by NuSTAR in the 3-79 keV energy band for a net exposure time of 50 ks. We present the results of this observation which enabled the discovery of a cyclotron resonant scattering feature with a centroid energy of 29.3(+1. Read More

We report on the results of NuSTAR and XMM-Newton observations of the persistent X-ray source 1E1743.1-2843, located in the Galactic Center region. The source was observed between September and October 2012 by NuSTAR and XMM-Newton, providing almost simultaneous observations in the hard and soft X-ray bands. Read More

2016Mar

We present the results of a joint Swift-NuSTAR spectroscopy campaign on M31. We focus on the five brightest globular cluster X-ray sources in our fields. Two of these had previously been argued to be black hole candidates on the basis of apparent hard-state spectra at luminosities above those for which neutron stars are in hard states. Read More

We present NuSTAR and Swift observations of the neutron star Aquila X-1 during the peak of its July 2014 outburst. The spectrum is soft with strong evidence for a broad Fe K\alpha line. Modeled with a relativistically broadened reflection model, we find that the inner disk is truncated with an inner radius of 15+/-3 R_G. Read More

We present a multi-epoch X-ray spectral analysis of the Seyfert 1 galaxy Fairall 9. Our analysis shows that Fairall 9 displays unique spectral variability in that its ratio residuals to a simple absorbed power law in the 0.5-10 keV band remain constant with time in spite of large variations in flux. Read More

Some reddened quasars appear to be transitional objects in the merger-induced black hole growth/galaxy evolution paradigm, where a heavily obscured nucleus starts to be unveiled by powerful quasar winds evacuating the surrounding cocoon of dust and gas. Hard X-ray observations are able to peer through this gas and dust, revealing the properties of circumnuclear obscuration. Here, we present NuSTAR and XMM-Newton/Chandra observations of FIRST-2MASS selected red quasars F2M 0830+3759 and F2M 1227+3214. Read More

We present a hard X-ray NuSTAR observation of PSR J0437-4715, the nearest millisecond pulsar. The known pulsations at the apparent pulse period ~5.76 ms are detected at energies up to 20 keV. Read More

2015Oct
Affiliations: 1Washington University in Saint Louis, Physics Department and McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, 2Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 3California Institute of Technology, Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, 4Washington University in Saint Louis, Physics Department and McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, 5Washington University in Saint Louis, Physics Department and McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, 6Washington University in Saint Louis, Physics Department and McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, 7Washington University in Saint Louis, Physics Department and McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, 8Washington University in Saint Louis, Physics Department and McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, 9Washington University in Saint Louis, Physics Department and McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, 10Anton Pannekoek Institute for Astronomy, 11California Institute of Technology, Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, 12California Institute of Technology, Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, 13Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 14Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 15Rice University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 16Washington University in Saint Louis, Physics Department and McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, 17Georgia College, Department of Chemistry, Physics, and Astronomy, 18Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 19Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 20North-West University, Centre for Space Research, 21Technical University of Denmark, DTU Space, National Space Institute, 22Yale University, Department of Astronomy, 23Washington University in Saint Louis, Physics Department and McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, 24University of Virginia, Department of Astronomy, 25MPI for Extraterrestrial Physics Garching, 26Durham University, Centre for Extragalactic Astronomy, Department of Physics, 27Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 28North Carolina State University, Department of Physics, 29Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 30Cambridge, Institute of Astronomy, UK, 31Penn State University, Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 32Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 33University of California, Berkeley, Department of Physics, 34ASI Science Data Center, Italy, 35California Institute of Technology, Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, 36Cambridge, Institute of Astronomy, UK, 37Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 38Purdue University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, 39Texas Tech University, Physics Department, 40Nagoya University, Center for Experimental Studies, Kobayashi-Maskawa Institute for the Origin of Particles and the Universe, 41University of Maryland, Physics Department, 42RIKEN, 43Univ. of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Astronomy Dept, 44Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 45Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, INAF, 46Department of Astronomy/Steward Observatory, 47Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 48Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 49Department of Astronomy/Steward Observatory, 50NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 51Tohoku University, Astronomical Institute, 52NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

This paper describes the Polarization Spectroscopic Telescope Array (PolSTAR), a mission proposed to NASA's 2014 Small Explorer (SMEX) announcement of opportunity. PolSTAR measures the linear polarization of 3-50 keV (requirement; goal: 2.5-70 keV) X-rays probing the behavior of matter, radiation and the very fabric of spacetime under the extreme conditions close to the event horizons of black holes, as well as in and around magnetars and neutron stars. Read More

We present a NuSTAR, Chandra, and XMM--Newton survey of nine of the nearest ultraluminous infrared galaxies (ULIRGs). The unprecedented sensitivity of NuSTAR at energies above 10 keV enables spectral modeling with far better precision than was previously possible. Six of the nine sources observed were detected sufficiently well by NuSTAR to model in detail their broadband X-ray spectra, and recover the levels of obscuration and intrinsic X-ray luminosities. Read More

We present the results from a joint Suzaku/NuSTAR broad-band spectral analysis of 3C 390.3. The high quality data enables us to clearly separate the primary continuum from the reprocessed components allowing us to detect a high energy spectral cut-off ($E_\text{cut}=117_{-14}^{+18}$ keV), and to place constraints on the Comptonization parameters of the primary continuum for the first time. Read More

Galactic Center (GC) molecular cloud Sgr B2 is the best manifestation of an X-ray reflection nebula (XRN) reprocessing a past giant outburst from the supermassive black hole Sgr A*. Alternatively, Sgr B2 could be illuminated by low-energy cosmic ray electrons (LECRe) or protons (LECRp). In 2013, NuSTAR for the first time resolved Sgr B2 hard X-ray emission on sub-arcminute scales. Read More

2015Jul
Affiliations: 1SSL-UC Berkeley, CA, USA, 2Tuorla Observatory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, Finland, 3Space Research Institute, 4SSL-UC Berkeley, CA, USA, 5MIT Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Cambridge, MA, USA, 6Observatoire Midi-Pyrenees, Universite de Toulouse, France, 7SSL-UC Berkeley, CA, USA, 8Dublin City University, Ireland, 9DTU Space - National Space Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark, 10Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA, 11Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA, 12Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, USA, 13Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA, 14Department of Physics, University of Durham, UK, 15European Southern Observatory, Garching bei Muenchen, Germany, 16Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA, 17NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA

We present spectral and timing analysis of NuSTAR observations of the accreting X-ray pulsar 2RXP J130159.6-635806. The source was serendipitously observed during a campaign focused on the gamma-ray binary PSR B1259-63 and was later targeted for a dedicated observation. Read More

We present results from multi-wavelength simultaneous X-ray and radio observations of the black hole X-ray binary V404 Cyg in quiescence. Our coverage with NuSTAR provides the very first opportunity to study the X-ray spectrum of V404 Cyg at energies above 10 keV. The unabsorbed broad-band (0. Read More

We present NuSTAR observations of the powerful radio galaxy Cygnus A, focusing on the central absorbed active galactic nucleus (AGN). Cygnus A is embedded in a cool-core galaxy cluster, and hence we also examine archival XMM-Newton data to facilitate the decomposition of the spectrum into the AGN and intracluster medium (ICM) components. NuSTAR gives a source-dominated spectrum of the AGN out to >70keV. Read More

We present results from a 244\,ks \textit{NuSTAR} observation of 3C\,273 obtained during a cross-calibration campaign with the \textit{Chandra}, \textit{INTEGRAL}, \textit{Suzaku}, \textit{Swift}, and \textit{XMM-Newton} observatories. We show that the spectrum, when fit with a power-law model using data from all observatories except \textit{INTEGRAL} over the 1--78\,keV band, leaves significant residuals in the \textit{NuSTAR} data between 30--78\,keV. The \nustar\ 3--78\,keV spectrum is well-described by an exponentially cutoff power-law ($\Gamma = 1. Read More

2015Jun
Affiliations: 1CalTech, 2Columbia University, 3Beijing Institute of Technology, 4McGill University, 5Columbia University, 6KIPAC, Stanford, 7INAF Cagliari, 8SSL, UC Berkeley, 9DTU Space, 10DTU Space, 11McGill University, 12Columbia University, 13CalTech, 14NASA JPL, 15NASA GSFC

We present temporal and spectral analysis of simultaneous 0.5-79 keV Swift-XRT and NuSTAR observations of the magnetar 4U 0142+61. The pulse profile changes significantly with photon energy between 3 and 35 keV. Read More

The black hole candidate XTE J1908+094 went into outburst for the first time since 2003 in October 2013. We report on an observation with the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) and monitoring observations with Swift during the outburst. NuSTAR caught the source in the soft state: the spectra show a broad relativistic iron line, and the light curves reveal a ~40 ks flare with the count rate peaking about 40% above the non-flare level and with significant spectral variation. Read More

We report on a 350-ks NuSTAR observation of the magnetar 1E 1841-045 taken in 2013 September. During the observation, NuSTAR detected six bursts of short duration, with $T_{90}<1$ s. An elevated level of emission tail is detected after the brightest burst, persisting for $\sim$1 ks. Read More

We report results from deep observations (~750 ks) of Tycho's supernova remnant (SNR) with NuSTAR. Using these data, we produce narrow-band images over several energy bands to identify the regions producing the hardest X-rays and to search for radioactive decay line emission from 44Ti. We find that the hardest (>10 keV) X-rays are concentrated in the southwest of Tycho, where recent Chandra observations have revealed high emissivity "stripes" associated with particles accelerated to the knee of the cosmic-ray spectrum. Read More

We present the calibration of the \textit{Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array} (\nustar) X-ray satellite. We used the Crab as the primary effective area calibrator and constructed a piece-wise linear spline function to modify the vignetting response. The achieved residuals for all off-axis angles and energies, compared to the assumed spectrum, are typically better than $\pm 2$\% up to 40\,keV and 5--10\,\% above due to limited counting statistics. Read More

We present broadband (3 -- 78 keV) NuSTAR X-ray imaging and spectroscopy of the Crab nebula and pulsar. We show that while the phase-averaged and spatially integrated nebula + pulsar spectrum is a power-law in this energy band, spatially resolved spectroscopy of the nebula finds a break at $\sim$9 keV in the spectral photon index of the torus structure with a steepening characterized by $\Delta\Gamma\sim0.25$. Read More

We present deep ($>$2.4 Ms) observations of the Cassiopeia A supernova remnant with {\it NuSTAR}, which operates in the 3--79 keV bandpass and is the first instrument capable of spatially resolving the remnant above 15 keV. We find that the emission is not entirely dominated by the forward shock nor by a smooth "bright ring" at the reverse shock. Read More

We report on two NuSTAR observations of GRS 1741.9-2853, a faint neutron star low mass X-ray binary burster located 10' away from the Galactic center. NuSTAR detected the source serendipitously as it was emerging from quiescence: its luminosity was $6\times 10^{34}$ erg~s$^{-1}$ on 2013 July 31, and $5\times 10^{35}$ erg~s$^{-1}$ in a second observation on 2013 August 3. Read More

Prior to the launch of NuSTAR, it was not feasible to spatially resolve the hard (E > 10 keV) emission from galaxies beyond the Local Group. The combined NuSTAR dataset, comprised of three ~165 ks observations, allows spatial characterization of the hard X-ray emission in the galaxy NGC 253 for the first time. As a follow up to our initial study of its nuclear region, we present the first results concerning the full galaxy from simultaneous NuSTAR, Chandra, and VLBA monitoring of the local starburst galaxy NGC 253. Read More

2014Nov
Affiliations: 1PUC-Chile, 2Valparaiso, 3JPL, 4ETH Zurich, 5ASDC-ASI, 6Southhampton, 7JPL, 8Durham, 9Durham, 10SSL-Berkeley, 11Penn State, 12Durham, 13DTU Space, 14INAF-Bologna, 15SSL-Berkeley, 16Durham, 17Columbia Univ, 18Durham, 19Dartmouth, 20Penn State, 21GSFC, 22Universita Roma Tre, 23Universita Roma Tre, 24GSFC, 25Durham, 26UMd, 27Concepcion, 28Yale, 29GSFC

We report on observations of NGC1068 with NuSTAR, which provide the best constraints to date on its $>10$~keV spectral shape. We find no strong variability over the past two decades, consistent with its Compton-thick AGN classification. The combined NuSTAR, Chandra, XMM-Newton, and Swift-BAT spectral dataset offers new insights into the complex reflected emission. Read More

2014Sep
Affiliations: 1SRL, Caltech, 2SRL, Caltech, 3CRESST, UMD, 4U. Toulouse, France, 5IUCAA, India, 6SSL, UC Berkeley, 7DTU, Denmark, 8Columbia University, 9Columbia University, 10SRL, Caltech, 11JPL, Caltech, 12SSL, UC Berkeley, 13SRL, Caltech, 14NASA GSFC

We present spectral and timing analysis of NuSTAR observations of RX J0520.5$-$6932 in the 3-79 keV band collected during its outburst in January 2014. The target was observed on two epochs and we report the detection of a cyclotron resonant scattering feature with central energies of $E_\mathrm{CRSF} = 31. Read More

Timing of high-count rate sources with the NuSTAR Small Explorer Mission requires specialized analysis techniques. NuSTAR was primarily designed for spectroscopic observations of sources with relatively low count-rates rather than for timing analysis of bright objects. The instrumental dead time per event is relatively long (~2. Read More

We report on the first hard X-ray detection of the Geminga pulsar above 10 keV using a 150 ks observation with the NuSTAR observatory. The double-peaked pulse profile of non-thermal emission seen in the soft X-ray band persists at higher energies. Broadband phase-integrated spectra over the 0. Read More

2014Aug
Affiliations: 1Physics Division, Physical and Life Sciences Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA, 2Physics Department and Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA, 3Department of Physics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 4Department of Physics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 5Department of Physics, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 6Physics Department and Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA, 7Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, 8DTU Space, National Space Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark, 9Physics Division, Physical and Life Sciences Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA, 10Physics Department and Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA, 11Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA, 12Physics Department and Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA, 13Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA, 14Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA, 15Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA, 16Physics Division, Physical and Life Sciences Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA, 17Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA, 18Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA

We report on new broad band spectral and temporal observations of the magnetar 1E 2259+586, which is located in the supernova remnant CTB 109. Our data were obtained simultaneously with the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) and Swift, and cover the energy range from 0.5-79 keV. Read More

We present the first images of the pulsar wind nebula (PWN) MSH 15-52 in the hard X-ray band (>8 keV), as measured with the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR). Overall, the morphology of the PWN as measured by NuSTAR in the 3-7 keV band is similar to that seen in Chandra high-resolution imaging. However, the spatial extent decreases with energy, which we attribute to synchrotron energy losses as the particles move away from the shock. Read More

We present a broadband (~0.5-79 keV) spectral and temporal analysis of multiple NuSTAR observations combined with archival Suzaku and Chandra data of NGC4945, the brightest extragalactic source at 100 keV. We observe hard X-ray (> 10 keV) flux and spectral variability, with flux variations of a factor 2 on timescales of 20 ksec. Read More

2014Jul
Affiliations: 1Inter University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics, India, 2INAF, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, 3Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, 4Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica, INAF-IAPS, 5Physics Department and Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, 6Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Caltech, 7Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, 8Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, MIT, 9DTU Space, National Space Institute, Technical University of Denmark, 10Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, 11Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Caltech, 12Columbia Astrophysics Laboratory, Columbia University, 13Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Caltech, 14Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, 15Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Caltech, 16Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Caltech, 17Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 18USRA, NSSTC, 19NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

We present NuSTAR spectral and timing studies of the Supergiant Fast X-ray Transient (SFXT) IGR J17544-2619. The spectrum is well-described by a ~1 keV blackbody and a hard continuum component, as expected from an accreting X-ray pulsar. We detect a cyclotron line at 17 keV, confirming that the compact object in IGR J17544-2619 is indeed a neutron star. Read More

2014Jun
Affiliations: 1SSL-UC Berkeley, 2SSL-UC Berkeley, 3SSL-UC Berkeley, 4JPL-Caltech, 5PUC Chile, 6SSL-UC Berkeley, 7SSL-UC Berkeley, 8DTU Space, 9SSL-UC Berkeley, 10Columbia University, 11Columbia University, 12Caltech, 13Harvard University, 14Columbia University, 15NASA-GSFC

Results are presented for an initial survey of the Norma Arm gathered with the focusing hard X-ray telescope NuSTAR. The survey covers 0.2 deg$^2$ of sky area in the 3-79 keV range with a minimum and maximum raw depth of 15 ks and 135 ks, respectively. Read More

We present results of the point spread function (PSF) calibration of the hard X-ray optics of the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR). Immediately post-launch, NuSTAR has observed bright point sources such as Cyg X-1, Vela X-1, and Her X-1 for the PSF calibration. We use the point source observations taken at several off-axis angles together with a ray-trace model to characterize the in-orbit angular response, and find that the ray-trace model alone does not fit the observed event distributions and applying empirical corrections to the ray-trace model improves the fit significantly. Read More

2014Jun
Affiliations: 1Caltech, 2McGill U. and NSSC Beijing, 3McGill U., 4McGill U., 5ASTRON, 6ASTRON, 7Caltech, 8Columbia, 9Caltech, 10ASTRON and U. Amsterdam, 11ASTRON, 12Jodrell Bank, 13Leiden and ASTRON, 14Jodrell Bank, 15JPL, 16UC Berkeley, 17UC Berkeley, 18MIT, 19DTU, 20UC Berkeley and LLNL, 21Columbia, 22GSFC

We report NuSTAR observations of the millisecond pulsar - low mass X-ray binary (LMXB) transition system PSR J1023+0038 from June and October 2013, before and after the formation of an accretion disk around the neutron star. Between June 10-12, a few days to two weeks before the radio disappearance of the pulsar, the 3-79 keV X-ray spectrum was well fit by a simple power law with a photon index of Gamma=1.17 +/-0. Read More

2014Mar
Affiliations: 1MIT, 2Berkeley, 3Caltech, 4Arizona, 5IRAP/Toulouse, 6IRAP/Toulouse, 7Berkeley, 8DTU Space, 9LLNL/Berkeley, 10Caltech, 11Columbia, 12Caltech, 13McGill, 14Michigan, 15MIT, 16Caltech, 17JPL/Caltech, 18NASA/GSFC, 19Erlangen-Nuremberg, 20NASA/GSFC

The low-mass X-ray binary Cen X-4 is the brightest and closest (<1.2 kpc) quiescent neutron star transient. Previous 0. Read More

GRO J1008$-$57 is a high-mass X-ray binary for which several claims of a cyclotron resonance scattering feature near 80 keV have been reported. We use NuSTAR, Suzaku, and Swift data from its giant outburst of November 2012 to confirm the existence of the 80 keV feature and perform the most sensitive search to date for cyclotron scattering features at lower energies. We find evidence for a 78$^{+3}_{-2}$ keV line in the NuSTAR and Suzaku data at $> 4\sigma$ significance, confirming the detection using Suzaku alone by Yamamoto et al. Read More