# Fernando Lledo

## Contact Details

NameFernando Lledo |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesMathematics - Mathematical Physics (17) Mathematical Physics (17) Mathematics - Functional Analysis (12) Mathematics - Operator Algebras (12) Mathematics - Spectral Theory (3) High Energy Physics - Theory (2) Mathematics - Combinatorics (1) Mathematics - Group Theory (1) Mathematics - Rings and Algebras (1) Mathematics - Metric Geometry (1) |

## Publications Authored By Fernando Lledo

In this article we analyze the notions of amenability and paradoxical decomposition from an algebraic perspective. We consider this dichotomy for locally finite extended metric spaces and for general algebras over commutative fields. In the context of algebras we also study the relation of amenability with proper infiniteness. Read More

Given a unitary representation of a Lie group $G$ on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$, we develop the theory of $G$-invariant self-adjoint extensions of symmetric operators both using von Neumann's theorem and the theory of quadratic forms. We also analyze the relation between the reduction theory of the unitary representation and the reduction of the $G$-invariant unbounded operator. We also prove a $G$-invariant version of the representation theorem for quadratic forms. Read More

We construct in this article a class of closed semi-bounded quadratic forms on the space of square integrable functions over a smooth Riemannian manifold with smooth boundary. Each of these quadratic forms specifies a semi-bounded self-adjoint extension of the Laplace-Beltrami operator. These quadratic forms are based on the Lagrange boundary form on the manifold and a family of domains parametrized by a suitable class of unitary operators on the boundary that will be called admissible. Read More

The present article is a review of recent developments concerning the notion of F{\o}lner sequences both in operator theory and operator algebras. We also give a new direct proof that any essentially normal operator has an increasing F{\o}lner sequence $\{P_n\}$ of non-zero finite rank projections that strongly converges to 1. The proof is based on Brown-Douglas-Fillmore theory. Read More

This article analyzes F\olner sequences of projections for bounded linear operators and their relationship to the class of finite operators introduced by Williams in the 70ies. We prove that each essentially hyponormal operator has a proper F\olner sequence (i.e. Read More

In the present article we review an approximation procedure for amenable traces on unital and separable C*-algebras acting on a Hilbert space in terms of F\o lner sequences of non-zero finite rank projections. We apply this method to improve spectral approximation results due to Arveson and B\'edos. We also present an abstract characterization in terms of unital completely positive maps of unital separable C*-algebras admitting a non-degenerate representation which has a F\o lner sequence or, equivalently, an amenable trace. Read More

In this article we study Foelner sequences for operators and mention their relation to spectral approximation problems. We construct a canonical Foelner sequence for the crossed product of a discrete amenable group $\Gamma$ with a concrete C*-algebra A with a Foelner sequence. We also state a compatibility condition for the action of $\Gamma$ on A. Read More

The present article contains a short introduction to Modular Theory for von Neumann algebras with a cyclic and separating vector. It includes the formulation of the central result in this area, the Tomita-Takesaki theorem, and several of its consequences. We illustrate this theory through several elementary examples. Read More

In this article we give a short and informal overview of some aspects of the theory of C*- and von Neumann algebras. We also mention some classical results and applications of these families of operator algebras. Read More

We develop eigenvalue estimates for the Laplacians on discrete and metric graphs using different types of boundary conditions at the vertices of the metric graph. Via an explicit correspondence of the equilateral metric and discrete graph spectrum (also in the ``exceptional'' values of the metric graph corresponding to the Dirichlet spectrum) we carry over these estimates from the metric graph Laplacian to the discrete case. We apply the results to covering graphs and present examples where the covering graph Laplacians have spectral gaps. Read More

In the present paper we study tensor C*-categories with non-simple unit realised as C*-dynamical systems (F,G,\beta) with a compact (non-Abelian) group G and fixed point algebra A := F^G. We consider C*-dynamical systems with minimal relative commutant of A in F, i.e. Read More

We give a short proof of the nuclearity property of a class of Cuntz-Pimsner algebras associated with a Hilbert A-bimodule M, where A is a separable and nuclear C*-algebra. We assume that the left A-action on the bimodule M is given in terms of compact module operators and that M is direct summand of the standard Hilbert module over A. Read More

In the present paper we consider Riemannian coverings $(X,g) \to (M,g)$ with residually finite covering group $\Gamma$ and compact base space $(M,g)$. In particular, we give two general procedures resulting in a family of deformed coverings $(X,g_\eps) \to (M,g_\eps)$ such that the spectrum of the Laplacian $\Delta_{(X_\eps,g_\eps)}$ has at least a prescribed finite number of spectral gaps provided $\eps$ is small enough. If $\Gamma$ has a positive Kadison constant, then we can apply results by Br\"uning and Sunada to deduce that $\spec \Delta_{(X,g_\eps)}$ has, in addition, band-structure and there is an asymptotic estimate for the number $N(\lambda)$ of components of $\spec {\laplacian {(X,g_\eps)}}$ that intersect the interval $[0,\lambda]$. Read More

Motivated by the analysis of Schr\"odinger operators with periodic potentials we consider the following abstract situation: Let $\Delta_X$ be the Laplacian on a non-compact Riemannian covering manifold $X$ with a discrete isometric group $\Gamma$ acting on it such that the quotient $X/\Gamma$ is a compact manifold. We prove the existence of a finite number of spectral gaps for the operator $\Delta_X$ associated with a suitable class of manifolds $X$ with non-abelian covering transformation groups $\Gamma$. This result is based on the non-abelian Floquet theory as well as the Min-Max-principle. Read More

In the present paper we prove a duality theory for compact groups in the case when the C*-algebra A, the fixed point algebra of the corresponding Hilbert C*-system (F,G), has a nontrivial center Z and the relative commutant satisfies the minimality condition A.'\cap F = Z as well as a technical condition called regularity. The abstract characterization of the mentioned Hilbert C*-system is expressed by means of an inclusion of C*-categories T_\c < T, where T_\c{i}s a suitable DR-category and T a full subcategory of the category of endomorphisms of A. Read More

We give a simple and direct construction of a massless quantum field with arbitrary discrete helicity that satisfies Wightman axioms and the corresponding relativistic wave equation in the distributional sense. We underline the mathematical differences to massive models. The construction is based on the notion of massless free net (cf. Read More

We give a complete proof of the twisted duality property M(q)'= Z M(q^\perp) Z* of the (self-dual) CAR-Algebra in any Fock representation. The proof is based on the natural Halmos decomposition of the (reference) Hilbert space when two suitable closed subspaces have been distinguished. We use modular theory and techniques developed by Kato concerning pairs of projections in some essential steps of the proof. Read More

In Rev. Math. Phys. Read More

In the present paper we review in a fibre bundle context the covariant and massless canonical representations of the Poincare' group as well as certain unitary representations of the conformal group (in 4 dimensions). We give a simplified proof of the well-known fact that massless canonical representations with discrete helicity extend to unitary and irreducible representations of the conformal group mentioned before. Further we give a simple new proof that massless free nets for any helicity value are covariant under the conformal group. Read More

We analyze the situation of a local quantum field theory with constraints, both indexed by the same set of space-time regions. In particular we find ``weak'' Haag-Kastler axioms which will ensure that the final constrained theory satisfies the usual Haag-Kastler axioms. Gupta-Bleuler electromagnetism is developed in detail as an example of a theory which satisfies the ``weak'' Haag-Kastler axioms but not the usual ones. Read More