Fang Ye

Fang Ye
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Fang Ye

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (9)
High Energy Physics - Theory (7)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
Mathematics - Classical Analysis and ODEs (2)

Publications Authored By Fang Ye

We study constraints and implications of the recent LHCb measurement of ${\cal B}(B_s \to \mu^+\mu^-)$ for tree-level Higgs-mediated flavor-changing neutral current (FCNC) interactions. Combined with experimental data on $B_s$ mass difference $\Delta m_s$, the $h \to \mu \tau$, and the $h \to \tau^+\tau^-$ decay branching ratios from the LHC, we find that the Higgs FCNC couplings are severely constrained. The allowed regions for $B_s \to \mu \tau$, $\tau\tau$ and $h \to sb$ decays are obtained. Read More

We consider a class of models with extra complex scalars that are charged under both the Standard Model and a hidden strongly coupled $SU(N)_H$ gauge sector, and discuss the scenarios where the new scalars are identified as the messenger fields that mediate the spontaneously broken supersymmetries from the hidden sector to the visible sector. The new scalars are embedded into 5-plets and 10-plets of an $SU(5)_V$ gauge group that potentially unifies the Standard Model gauge groups. They also form a tower of bound states via hidden strong dynamics around the TeV scale. Read More

We study the general multi-axion systems, focusing on the possibility of large field inflation driven by axions. We find that through axion mixing from a non-diagonal metric on the moduli space and/or from St\"uckelberg coupling to a U(1) gauge field, an effectively super-Planckian decay constant can be generated without the need of "alignment" in the axion decay constants. We also investigate the consistency conditions related to the gauge symmetries in the multi-axion systems, such as vanishing gauge anomalies and the potential presence of generalized Chern-Simons terms. Read More

We point out that kinetic and St\"uckelberg mixings that are generically present in the low energy effective action of axions can significantly widen the window of axion decay constants. We show that an effective super-Planckian decay constant can be obtained even when the axion kinetic matrix has only sub-Planckian entries. Our minimal model involves only two axions, a St\"uckelberg U(1) and a modest rank instanton generating non-Abelian group. Read More

We propose a framework in which visible matter interacts with matter from a hidden sector through mass mixings of St\"uckelberg U(1) gauge fields. In contrast to other Z' mediation scenarios, our setup has the added appealing features that (i) the choice of Z's can be significantly broadened without necessarily introducing unwanted exotic matter and (ii) there can be sizable tree-level interactions between the visible and hidden sectors. String theory embeddings of this scenario and their phenomenological features are briefly discussed. Read More

We construct explicit string theory models realizing the recently proposed "St\"uckelberg Portal" scenario, a framework for building Z' mediation models without the need to introduce unwanted exotic matter charged under the Standard Model. This scenario can be viewed purely field-theoretically, although it is particularly well motivated from string theory. By analyzing carefully the St\"uckelberg couplings between the Abelian gauge bosons and the RR axions, we construct the first global intersecting brane models which extend the Standard Model with a genuine hidden sector, to which it is nonetheless connected via U(1) mass mixings. Read More

We examine the milli-charged dark matter scenario from a string theory perspective. In this scenario, kinetic and mass mixings of the photon with extra U(1) bosons are claimed to give rise to small electric charges, carried by dark matter particles, whose values are determined by continuous parameters of the theory. This seems to contradict folk theorems of quantum gravity that forbid the existence of irrational charges in theories with a single massless gauge field. Read More

For fixed $s\geq 1$ and $t_{1},t_{2}\in(0,1/2)$ we prove that the inequalities $G^{s}(t_{1}a+(1-t_{1})b,t_{1}b+(1-t_{1})a)A^{1-s}(a,b)>AG(a,b)$ and $G^{s}(t_{2}a+(1-t_{2})b,t_{2}b+(1-t_{2})a)A^{1-s}(a,b)>L(a,b)$ hold for all $a,b>0$ with $a\neq b$ if and only if $t_{1}\geq 1/2-\sqrt{2s}/(4s)$ and $t_{2}\geq 1/2-\sqrt{6s}/(6s)$. Here $G(a,b)$, $L(a,b)$, $AG(a,b)$ and $A(a,b)$ are the geometric, logarithmic, arithmetic-geometric and arithmetic means of $a$ and $b$, respectively. Read More

In this note we obtain sharp bounds for the Seiffert mean in terms of a two parameter family of means. Our results generalize and extend the recent bounds presented in the Journal of Inequalities and Applications (2012) and Abstract and Applied Analysis (2012). Read More

We revisit the analysis of effective field theories resulting from non-supersymmetric perturbations to supersymmetric flux compactifications of the type-IIB superstring with an eye towards those resulting from the backreaction of a small number of anti-D3-branes. Independently of the background, we show that the low-energy Lagrangian describing the fluctuations of a stack of probe D3-branes exhibits soft supersymmetry breaking, despite perturbations to marginal operators that were not fully considered in some previous treatments. We take this as an indication that the breaking of supersymmetry by anti-D3-branes or other sources may be spontaneous rather than explicit. Read More

The dressed heavy quark mass \hat{m}_Q=m_Q+\bar{{\Lambda}} with \bar{{\Lambda}} being the binding energy is introduced to characterize the heavy hadrons containing a single heavy quark. A heavy quark expansion in terms of the inverse of the dressed heavy quark mass 1/\hat{m}_Q is presented with a complete decomposition of the full field and integrating out the small components. The heavy quark-antiquark coupling effects are included in the finite mass corrections. Read More