F. Schulz

F. Schulz
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F. Schulz
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Nuclear Experiment (6)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (2)
 
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (1)
 
Mathematical Physics (1)
 
Physics - Materials Science (1)
 
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)
 
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (1)
 
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)
 
Computer Science - Information Retrieval (1)

Publications Authored By F. Schulz

We report on a new experimental method based on initial-state radiation (ISR) in e-p scattering, in which the radiative tail of the elastic e-p peak contains information on the proton charge form factor ($G_E^p$) at extremely small $Q^2$. The ISR technique was validated in a dedicated experiment using the spectrometers of the A1-Collaboration at the Mainz Microtron (MAMI). This provided first measurements of $G_E^p$ for $0. Read More

For the first time a vertically polarized electron beam has been used for physics experiments at MAMI in the energy range between 180 and 855 MeV. The beam-normal single-spin asymmetry $A_{\mathrm{n}}$, which is a direct probe of higher-order photon exchange beyond the first Born approximation, has been measured in the reaction $^{12}\mathrm C(\vec e,e')^{12}\mathrm C$. Vertical polarization orientation was necessary to measure this asymmetry with the existing experimental setup. Read More

We propose a new method for absolute momentum calibration of magnetic spectrometers used in nuclear physics, using the time-of-flight (TOF), differences of pairs of particles with different masses. In cases where the flight path is not known, a calibration can be determined by using the TOF differences of two pair combinations of three particles. A Cherenkov detector, read out by a radio frequency photomultiplier tube, is considered as the high-resolution and highly stable TOF detector. Read More

Scanning tunneling spectroscopy measures how a single electron with definite energy propagates between a sample surface and the tip of a scanning tunneling microscope. In the simplest description, the differential conductance measured is interpreted as the local density of states of the sample at the tip position. This picture, however, is insufficient in some cases, since especially smaller molecules weakly coupled with the substrate tend to have strong Coulomb interactions when an electron is inserted or removed at the molecule. Read More

The cross section of the $p(e,e'\pi^+)n$ reaction has been measured for five kinematic settings at an invariant mass of $W = 1094$ MeV and for a four-momentum transfer of $Q^2 = 0.078$ (GeV/$c$)$^2$. The measurement has been performed at MAMI using a new short-orbit spectrometer (SOS) of the A1 collaboration, intended for detection of low-energy pions. Read More

2016Feb
Affiliations: 1School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, 2School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, 3Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 4Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 5Jožef Stefan Institute, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, 6Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 7Department of Physics, University of Zagreb, HR-10002 Zagreb, Croatia, 8Jožef Stefan Institute, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, 9Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 10Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 11Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 12Department of Physics, University of Zagreb, HR-10002 Zagreb, Croatia, 13Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08855, USA, 14School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, 15School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, 16Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 17Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 18Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 19Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 20School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, 21Jožef Stefan Institute, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, 22University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA, 23Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 24Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel, 25Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 26Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 27Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 28Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 29Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 30Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 31Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 32Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany

Possible differences between free and bound protons may be observed in the ratio of polarization-transfer components, $P'_x/P'_z$. We report the measurement of $P'_x/P'_z$, in the $^2\textrm{H}(\vec{e},e^{\prime}\vec{p})n$ reaction at low and high missing momenta. Observed increasing deviation of $P'_x/P'_z$ from that of a free proton as a function of the virtuality, similar to that observed in \hefour, indicates that the effect in nuclei is due to the virtuality of the knock-out proton and not due to the average nuclear density. Read More

At the Mainz Microtron MAMI, the first high-resolution pion spectroscopy from decays of strange systems was performed by electron scattering off a Be-9 target in order to study the ground-state masses of Lambda-hypernuclei. Positively charged kaons were detected by a short-orbit spectrometer with a broad momentum acceptance at zero degree forward angles with respect to the beam, efficiently tagging the production of strangeness in the target nucleus. In coincidence, negatively charged decay-pions were detected by two independent high-resolution spectrometers. Read More

This paper examines the problems faced by Law Enforcement in searching large quantities of electronic evidence. It examines the use of ontologies as the basis for new forensic software filters and provides a proof of concept tool based on an ontological design. It demonstrates that efficient searching is produced through the use of such a design and points to further work that might be carried out to extend this concept. Read More

Hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) is a prominent member in the growing family of two-dimensional materials with potential applications ranging from being an atomically smooth support for other 2D materials to templating growth of molecular layers. We have studied the structure of monolayer h-BN grown by chemical vapour deposition on Ir(111) by low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy (STS) experiments and state-of-the-art density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The lattice-mismatch between the h-BN and Ir(111) surface results in the formation of a moir\'e superstructure with a periodicity of $\sim$29 \AA\ and a corrugation of $\sim$0. Read More

A massive, but light abelian U(1) gauge boson is a well motivated possible signature of physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics. In this paper, the search for the signal of such a U(1) gauge boson in electron-positron pair-production at the spectrometer setup of the A1 Collaboration at the Mainz Microtron (MAMI) is described. Exclusion limits in the mass range of 40 MeV up to 300 MeV with a sensitivity in the mixing parameter of down to $\epsilon^2 = 8\times 10^{-7}$ are presented. Read More

We study the dynamics of a charged particle in a planar magnetic field which consists of $n\geq 2$ disjoint localized peaks. We show that, under mild geometric conditions, this system is semi-conjugated to the full shift on $n$ symbols and, hence, carries positive topological entropy. Read More