Eric L. Jensen - Swarthmore College

Eric L. Jensen
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Eric L. Jensen
Swarthmore College
United States

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Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (27)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (10)
Astrophysics (9)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)

Publications Authored By Eric L. Jensen

We report the discovery of KELT-12b, a highly inflated Jupiter-mass planet transiting a mildly evolved host star. We identified the initial transit signal in the KELT-North survey data and established the planetary nature of the companion through precise follow-up photometry, high-resolution spectroscopy, precise radial velocity measurements, and high-resolution adaptive optics imaging. Our preferred best-fit model indicates that the $V = 10. Read More

The Planet Formation Imager (PFI) project aims to provide a strong scientific vision for ground-based optical astronomy beyond the upcoming generation of Extremely Large Telescopes. We make the case that a breakthrough in angular resolution imaging capabilities is required in order to unravel the processes involved in planet formation. PFI will be optimised to provide a complete census of the protoplanet population at all stellocentric radii and over the age range from 0. Read More

A historical problem for indirect exoplanet detection has been contending with the intrinsic variability of the host star. If the variability is periodic, it can easily mimic various exoplanet signatures, such as radial velocity variations that originate with the stellar surface rather than the presence of a planet. Here we present an update for the HD~99492 planetary system, using new radial velocity and photometric measurements from the Transit Ephemeris Refinement and Monitoring Survey (TERMS). Read More

We report the discovery of a new Kepler transiting circumbinary planet (CBP). This latest addition to the still-small family of CBPs defies the current trend of known short-period planets orbiting near the stability limit of binary stars. Unlike the previous discoveries, the planet revolving around the eclipsing binary system Kepler-1647 has a very long orbital period (~1100 days) and was at conjunction only twice during the Kepler mission lifetime. Read More

A crucial aspect of understanding planet formation is determining the binarity of the host stars. Results from radial velocity surveys and the follow-up of Kepler exoplanet candidates have demonstrated that stellar binarity certainly does not exclude the presence of planets in stable orbits and the configuration may in fact be relatively common. Here we present new results for the 30 Arietis system which confirms that the B component hosts both planetary and stellar companions. Read More

We present spatially and spectrally resolved Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations of gas and dust in the disk orbiting the pre-main sequence binary AK Sco. By forward-modeling the disk velocity field traced by CO J=2-1 line emission, we infer the mass of the central binary, $M_\ast = 2.49 \pm 0. Read More

Many extrasolar planets follow orbits that differ from the nearly coplanar and circular orbits found in our solar system; orbits may be eccentric or inclined with respect to the host star's equator, and the population of giant planets orbiting close to their host stars suggests significant orbital migration. There is currently no consensus on what produces such orbits. Theoretical explanations often invoke interactions with a binary companion star on an orbit that is inclined relative to the planet's orbital plane. Read More

We report the discovery of KELT-6b, a mildly-inflated Saturn-mass planet transiting a metal-poor host. The initial transit signal was identified in KELT-North survey data, and the planetary nature of the occulter was established using a combination of follow-up photometry, high-resolution imaging, high-resolution spectroscopy, and precise radial velocity measurements. The fiducial model from a global analysis including constraints from isochrones indicates that the V=10. Read More

The transit signature of exoplanets provides an avenue through which characterization of exoplanetary properties may be undertaken, such as studies of mean density, structure, and atmospheric composition. The Transit Ephemeris Refinement and Monitoring Survey (TERMS) is a program to expand the catalog of transiting planets around bright host stars by refining the orbits of known planets discovered with the radial velocity technique. Here we present results for the HD 38529 system. Read More

As part of the Transit Ephemeris Refinement and Monitoring Survey (TERMS), we present new radial velocities and photometry of the HD 192263 system. Our analysis of the already available Keck-HIRES and CORALIE radial velocity measurements together with the five new Keck measurements we report in this paper results in improved orbital parameters for the system. We derive constraints on the size and phase location of the transit window for HD 192263b, a Jupiter-mass planet with a period of 24. Read More

The discovery of transiting planets around bright stars holds the potential to greatly enhance our understanding of planetary atmospheres. In this work we present the search for transits of HD 168443b, a massive planet orbiting the bright star HD 168443 V=6.92 with a period of 58. Read More

We report the discovery that the star V474 Car is an extremely active, high velocity halo RS CVn system. The star was originally identified as a possible pre-main sequence star in Carina, given its enhanced stellar activity, rapid rotation (10.3 days), enhanced Li, and absolute magnitude that places it above the main sequence. Read More

We present methods and preliminary results of a relatively novel search for nearby stars. The method relies on photometric distance estimates as its primary search criterion, thus distinguishing itself from proper motion-based searches that have produced the bulk of nearby star discoveries. Read More

Transiting planet discoveries have largely been restricted to the short-period or low-periastron distance regimes due to the bias inherent in the geometric transit probability. Through the refinement of planetary orbital parameters, and hence reducing the size of transit windows, long-period planets become feasible targets for photometric follow-up. Here we describe the TERMS project that is monitoring these host stars at predicted transit times. Read More

Despite the extensive study of lithium depletion during pre-main-sequence contraction, studies of individual stars show discrepancies between ages determined from the HR diagram and ages determined from lithium depletion (Song et al. 2002, White & Hillenbrand 2005) indicating open questions in the pre-main-sequence evolutionary models. To further test these models, we present high resolution spectra for members of the Beta Pictoris Moving Group (BPMG), which is young and nearby. Read More

We present new high-resolution mid-infrared imaging, high-resolution optical spectroscopy, and Chandra grating X-ray spectroscopy of the weak-lined T Tauri star DoAr 21. DoAr 21 (age < 10^6 yr and mass ~ 2.2 M_sun) is a strong X-ray emitter, with conflicting evidence in the literature about its disk properties. Read More

Affiliations: 1Swarthmore College;, 2Swarthmore College;, 3West Chester University;, 4Swarthmore College;, 5University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire
Category: Astrophysics

In order to test the O star wind-shock scenario for X-ray production in less luminous stars with weaker winds, we made a pointed 74 ks observation of the nearby early B giant, beta Cru (B0.5 III), with the Chandra HETGS. We find that the X-ray spectrum is quite soft, with a dominant thermal component near 3 million K, and that the emission lines are resolved but quite narrow, with half-widths of 150 km/s. Read More

Affiliations: 11 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley, 21 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley, 31 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley, 41 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley, 51 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley, 61 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley, 71 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley, 81 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley, 91 - Swarthmore College; 2 - Vanderbilt; 3 - Caltech; 4 - Wesleyan University; 5 - SUNY Stony Brook; 6 - UC Berkeley
Category: Astrophysics

Close pre-main-sequence binary stars are expected to clear central holes in their protoplanetary disks, but the extent to which material can flow from the circumbinary disk across the gap onto the individual circumstellar disks has been unclear. In binaries with eccentric orbits, periodic perturbation of the outer disk is predicted to induce mass flow across the gap, resulting in accretion that varies with the binary period. This accretion may manifest itself observationally as periodic changes in luminosity. Read More

Accurate stellar ages remain one of the most poorly constrained, but most desired, astronomical quantities. Here we briefly summarize some recent efforts to improve the stellar age scale from a subset of talks from the ``Stellar Ages'' splinter session at the "14th Cambridge Workshop on Cool Stars, Stellar Systems and the Sun". The topics discussed include both the apparent successes and alarming discrepancies in using Li depletion to age-date clusters, sources of uncertainty in ages due to input physics in evolutionary models, and recent results from asteroseismology and gyrochronology. Read More

Affiliations: 1Swarthmore College, 2Interferometry Science Center/Caltech
Category: Astrophysics

We present millimeter-wave continuum images of four wide (separations 210-800 AU) young stellar binary systems in the Taurus-Auriga star-forming region. For all four sources, the resolution of our observations is sufficient to determine the mm emission from each of the components. In all four systems, the primary star's disk has stronger millimeter emission than the secondary and in three of the four, the secondary is undetected; this is consistent with predictions of recent models of binary formation by fragmentation. Read More

Affiliations: 1Swarthmore College
Category: Astrophysics

I review the observational challenges of finding post T Tauri stars (PTTS), defined here as low-mass, pre-main-sequence stars with ages of 10^7-10^8 yr. Such stars are difficult to find because they are less active than younger T Tauri stars, and they may not be associated with molecular gas. They are useful for studying the evolution of circumstellar disks and stellar activity between the 10^6-yr ages of nearby star-forming regions and the main sequence. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2UCLA, 3Swarthmore College, 4SUNY Stony Brook
Category: Astrophysics

The typical product of the star formation process is a binary star. Binaries have provided the first dynamical measures of the masses of pre-main-sequence (PMS) stars, providing support for the calibrations of PMS evolutionary tracks. Surprisingly, in some star-forming regions PMS binary frequencies are higher than among main-sequence solar-type stars. Read More

We present new observations of the isolated young stars HD 98800 and CD-33_7795. Pointed ROSAT observations show that their X-ray properties, including X-ray luminosity and variability, are consistent with those of pre-main-sequence (PMS) stars. These observations do not reveal any additional PMS candidates in 40' fields centered on HD 98800 and CD-33_7795. Read More

We present 800 micron continuum photometry of pre-main-sequence binary stars with projected separations a_p < 150 AU in the Sco-Oph star-forming region. Combining our observations with published 1300 micron photometry, we find that binaries in Sco-Oph with 1 < a_p < 50--100 AU have lower submillimeter fluxes than wider binaries or single stars, as previously found for Taurus- Auriga binaries. The wide binaries and single stars have indistinguishable submillimeter flux distributions. Read More

We have made sensitive 800-micron continuum observations of low-mass, pre-main sequence (PMS) binary stars with projected separations less than 25 AU in Taurus-Auriga to study disks in the young binary environment. We did not detect any of the observed binaries, with typical 3-sigma upper limits of about 30 mJy. Combining our observations with previous 1300-micron observations of PMS Taurus binaries by Beckwith et al. Read More