E. L. Martin - CAB INTA-CSIC, Madrid, Spain

E. L. Martin
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E. L. Martin
CAB INTA-CSIC, Madrid, Spain

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Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (26)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (14)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (5)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (5)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (4)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (4)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (3)
Nuclear Experiment (3)
Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (2)
Quantitative Biology - Genomics (1)
Quantitative Biology - Populations and Evolution (1)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (1)
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1)
Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition (1)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)
Mathematics - Metric Geometry (1)
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
Physics - Optics (1)

Publications Authored By E. L. Martin

We directly measure many-body interactions in isolated quantum dot states using two-quantum multidimensional coherent spectroscopy. Few states are probed in a diffraction limited spot, which is enabled by a novel collinear scheme in which radiated four-wave-mixing signals are measured with phase resolution. Many-body interactions are enhanced by an additional prepulse tuned to the delocalized quasi-continuum states. Read More

We combine 131 new medium-resolution (R~2000) J-band spectra of M, L, and T dwarfs from the Keck NIRSPEC Brown Dwarf Spectroscopic Survey (BDSS) with 97 previously published BDSS spectra to study surface-gravity-sensitive indices for 228 low-mass stars and brown dwarfs spanning spectral types M5-T9. Specifically, we use an established set of spectral indices to determine surface gravity classifications for all M6-L7 objects in our sample by measuring equivalent widths (EW) of the K I lines at 1.1692, 1. Read More

Late M-type dwarfs in the solar neighborhood include a mixture of very low-mass stars and brown dwarfs which is difficult to disentangle due to the lack of constraints on their age such as trigonometric parallax, lithium detection and space velocity. We search for young brown dwarf candidates among a sample of 28 nearby late-M dwarfs with spectral types between M5.0 and M9. Read More

Affiliations: 1Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, 2Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, 3Centro de Astrobiologia, 4Centro de Astrobiologia, 5Centro de Astrobiologia, 6Centro de Astrobiologia, 7Centro de Astrobiologia

We aim at developing an efficient method to search for late-type subdwarfs (metal-depleted dwarfs with spectral types >M5) to improve the current statistics. Our objectives are: improve our knowledge of metal-poor low-mass dwarfs, bridge the gap between the late-M and L types, determine their surface density, and understand the impact of metallicity on the stellar and substellar mass function. We carried out a search cross-matching the SDSS, 2MASS, and UKIDSS using STILTS, Aladin, and Topcat. Read More

We report the detections of a giant planet (MARVELS-7b) and a brown dwarf candidate (MARVELS-7c) around the primary star in the close binary system, HD 87646. It is the first close binary system with more than one substellar circum-primary companion discovered to the best of our knowledge. The detection of this giant planet was accomplished using the first multi-object Doppler instrument (KeckET) at the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) telescope. Read More

(Abridged) We aim at measuring the near-infrared photometry, and deriving the mass, age, temperature, and surface gravity of WISE J085510.74-071442.5 (J0855-0714), which is the coolest known object beyond the Solar System as of today. Read More

We use the AllWISE Data Release to continue our search for WISE-detected motions. In this paper, we publish another 27,846 motion objects, bringing the total number to 48,000 when objects found during our original AllWISE motion survey are included. We use this list, along with the lists of confirmed WISE-based motion objects from the recent papers by Luhman and by Schneider et al. Read More

Authors: M. Arenz, M. Babutzka, M. Bahr, J. P. Barrett, S. Bauer, M. Beck, A. Beglarian, J. Behrens, T. Bergmann, U. Besserer, J. Blümer, L. I. Bodine, K. Bokeloh, J. Bonn, B. Bornschein, L. Bornschein, S. Büsch, T. H. Burritt, S. Chilingaryan, T. J. Corona, L. De Viveiros, P. J. Doe, O. Dragoun, G. Drexlin, S. Dyba, S. Ebenhöch, K. Eitel, E. Ellinger, S. Enomoto, M. Erhard, D. Eversheim, M. Fedkevych, A. Felden, S. Fischer, J. A. Formaggio, F. Fränkle, D. Furse, M. Ghilea, W. Gil, F. Glück, A. Gonzalez Urena, S. Görhardt, S. Groh, S. Grohmann, R. Grössle, R. Gumbsheimer, M. Hackenjos, V. Hannen, F. Harms, N. Hauÿmann, F. Heizmann, K. Helbing, W. Herz, S. Hickford, D. Hilk, B. Hillen, T. Höhn, B. Holzapfel, M. Hötzel, M. A. Howe, A. Huber, A. Jansen, N. Kernert, L. Kippenbrock, M. Kleesiek, M. Klein, A. Kopmann, A. Kosmider, A. Kovalík, B. Krasch, M. Kraus, H. Krause, M. Krause, L. Kuckert, B. Kuffner, L. La Cascio, O. Lebeda, B. Leiber, J. Letnev, V. M. Lobashev, A. Lokhov, E. Malcherek, M. Mark, E. L. Martin, S. Mertens, S. Mirz, B. Monreal, K. Müller, M. Neuberger, H. Neumann, S. Niemes, M. Noe, N. S. Oblath, A. Off, H. -W. Ortjohann, A. Osipowicz, E. Otten, D. S. Parno, P. Plischke, A. W. P. Poon, M. Prall, F. Priester, P. C. -O. Ranitzsch, J. Reich, O. Rest, R. G. H. Robertson, M. Röllig, S. Rosendahl, S. Rupp, M. Rysavy, K. Schlösser, M. Schlösser, K. Schönung, M. Schrank, J. Schwarz, W. Seiler, H. Seitz-Moskaliuk, J. Sentkerestiova, A. Skasyrskaya, M. Slezak, A. Spalek, M. Steidl, N. Steinbrink, M. Sturm, M. Suesser, H. H. Telle, T. Thümmler, N. Titov, I. Tkachev, N. Trost, A. Unru, K. Valerius, D. Venos, R. Vianden, S. Vöcking, B. L. Wall, N. Wandkowsky, M. Weber, C. Weinheimer, C. Weiss, S. Welte, J. Wendel, K. L. Wierman, J. F. Wilkerson, D. Winzen, J. Wolf, S. Wüstling, M. Zacher, S. Zadoroghny, M. Zboril

The KATRIN experiment will probe the neutrino mass by measuring the beta-electron energy spectrum near the endpoint of tritium beta-decay. An integral energy analysis will be performed by an electro-static spectrometer (Main Spectrometer), an ultra-high vacuum vessel with a length of 23.2 m, a volume of 1240 m^3, and a complex inner electrode system with about 120000 individual parts. Read More

Reconstructing the structural connectivity between interacting units from observed activity is a challenge across many different disciplines. The fundamental first step is to establish whether or to what extent the interactions between the units can be considered pairwise and, thus, can be modeled as an interaction network with simple links corresponding to pairwise interactions. In principle this can be determined by comparing the maximum entropy given the bivariate probability distributions to the true joint entropy. Read More

Maximum entropy estimation is of broad interest for inferring properties of systems across many different disciplines. In this work, we significantly extend a technique we previously introduced for estimating the maximum entropy of a set of random discrete variables when conditioning on bivariate mutual informations and univariate entropies. Specifically, we show how to apply the concept to continuous random variables and vastly expand the types of information-theoretic quantities one can condition on. Read More

We used the OSIRIS camera at the 10.4 m Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) to monitor the astrometric motion of the L4.5 dwarf 2M1821$+$14 over 17 months. Read More

We estimate the accretion rates of 235 Classical T Tauri star (CTTS) candidates in the Lagoon Nebula using $ugri$H$\alpha$ photometry from the VPHAS+ survey. Our sample consists of stars displaying H$\alpha$-excess, the intensity of which is used to derive accretion rates. For a subset of 87 stars, the intensity of the $u$-band excess is also used to estimate accretion rates. Read More

Astrometric monitoring of the nearby early-L dwarf DE0823$-$49 has revealed a low-mass companion in a 248-day orbit that was announced in an earlier work. Here, we present new astrometric and spectroscopic observations that allow us to characterise the system in detail. The optical spectrum shows LiI-absorption indicative of a young age and/or substellar mass for the primary component. Read More

Using astrometric measurements obtained with the FORS2/VLT camera, we are searching for low-mass companions around 20 nearby ultracool dwarfs. With a single-measurement precision of 0.1 milli-arcseconds, our survey is sensitive to a wide range of companion masses from planetary companions to binary systems. Read More

The paper introduces the butterfly factorization as a data-sparse approximation for the matrices that satisfy a complementary low-rank property. The factorization can be constructed efficiently if either fast algorithms for applying the matrix and its adjoint are available or the entries of the matrix can be sampled individually. For an $N \times N$ matrix, the resulting factorization is a product of $O(\log N)$ sparse matrices, each with $O(N)$ non-zero entries. Read More

By employing a Carnot parabolic maximum principle, we show existence-uniqueness of viscosity solutions to a class of equations modeled on the parabolic infinite Laplace equation in Carnot groups. We show stability of solutions within the class and examine the limit as t goes to infinity. Read More

We describe a successful effort to produce a laser comb around 1.55 $\mu$m in the astronomical H band using a method based on a line-referenced, electro-optical-modulation frequency comb. We discuss the experimental setup, laboratory results, and proof of concept demonstrations at the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility (IRTF) and the Keck-II telescope. Read More

We report the discovery of WTS-1b, the first extrasolar planet found by the WFCAM Transit Survey, which began observations at the 3.8-m United Kingdom Infrared Telescope (UKIRT) in August 2007. Light curves comprising almost 1200 epochs with a photometric precision of better than 1 per cent to J ~ 16 were constructed for ~60000 stars and searched for periodic transit signals. Read More

(Abridged) We report on the near-infrared low-resolution spectroscopy and red optical (Z-band) photometry of seven proper-motion, very low-mass substellar member candidates of the Pleiades cluster with magnitudes in the interval J=17.5-20.8 and K=16. Read More

Liquid hydrogen is a dense Bose fluid whose equilibrium properties are both calculable from first principles using various theoretical approaches and of interest for the understanding of a wide range of questions in many body physics. Unfortunately, the pair correlation function $g(r)$ inferred from neutron scattering measurements of the differential cross section $d\sigma \over d\Omega$ from different measurements reported in the literature are inconsistent. We have measured the energy dependence of the total cross section and the scattering cross section for slow neutrons with energies between 0. Read More

Context. Nearby isolated planetary mass objects are beginning to be discovered, but their individual properties are poorly constrained because their low surface temperatures and strong molecular self-absorption make them extremely faint. Aims. Read More

We used HST/WFC3 observations of a sample of 26 nearby ($\le$20 pc) mid to late T dwarfs to search for cooler companions and measure the multiplicity statistics of brown dwarfs. Tightly-separated companions were searched for using a double-PSF fitting algorithm. We also compared our detection limits based on simulations to other prior T5+ brown dwarf binary programs. Read More

Using Virtual Observatory tools, we cross-matched the Carlsberg Meridian 14 and the 2MASS Point Source catalogs to select candidate nearby bright M dwarfs distributed over ~ 25,000 deg^2. Here, we present reconnaissance low-resolution optical spectra for 27 candidates that were observed with the Intermediate Dispersion Spectrograph at the 2.5m Isaac Newton Telescope (R ~ 1600). Read More

Affiliations: 1IAC, Tenerife, Spain, 2Cartagena, Spain, 3IAC, Tenerife, Spain, 4IAC, Tenerife, Spain, 5Universidad de Chile, Chile, 6IAC, Tenerife, Spain, 7Hertfordshire, UK, 8CAB INTA-CSIC, Madrid, Spain

The aim of the project is to improve our knowledge on the multiplicity of planet-host stars at wide physical separations. We cross-matched approximately 6200 square degree area of the Southern sky imaged by the Visible Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (VISTA) Hemisphere Survey (VHS) with the Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS) to look for wide common proper motion companions to known planet-host stars. We complemented our astrometric search with photometric criteria. Read More

Ultra-cool dwarfs are very low-mass stars or brown dwarfs and because of their faintness they are difficult targets for radial velocity and transit planet searches. High-precision astrometry is one way to efficiently discover planets around these objects. We are conducting a planet search survey of 20 M8-L2 using ground-based imaging astrometry with FORS2 at VLT. Read More

Authors: A. J. Bevan, B. Golob, Th. Mannel, S. Prell, B. D. Yabsley, K. Abe, H. Aihara, F. Anulli, N. Arnaud, T. Aushev, M. Beneke, J. Beringer, F. Bianchi, I. I. Bigi, M. Bona, N. Brambilla, J. B rodzicka, P. Chang, M. J. Charles, C. H. Cheng, H. -Y. Cheng, R. Chistov, P. Colangelo, J. P. Coleman, A. Drutskoy, V. P. Druzhinin, S. Eidelman, G. Eigen, A. M. Eisner, R. Faccini, K. T . Flood, P. Gambino, A. Gaz, W. Gradl, H. Hayashii, T. Higuchi, W. D. Hulsbergen, T. Hurth, T. Iijima, R. Itoh, P. D. Jackson, R. Kass, Yu. G. Kolomensky, E. Kou, P. Križan, A. Kronfeld, S. Kumano, Y. J. Kwon, T. E. Latham, D. W. G. S. Leith, V. Lüth, F. Martinez-Vidal, B. T. Meadows, R. Mussa, M. Nakao, S. Nishida, J. Ocariz, S. L. Olsen, P. Pakhlov, G. Pakhlova, A. Palano, A. Pich, S. Playfer, A. Poluektov, F. C. Porter, S. H. Robertson, J. M. Roney, A. Roodman, Y. Sakai, C. Schwanda, A. J. Schwartz, R. Seidl, S. J. Sekula, M. Steinhauser, K. Sumisawa, E. S. Swanson, F. Tackmann, K. Trabelsi, S. Uehara, S. Uno, R. van der Water, G. Vasseur, W. Verkerke, R. Waldi, M. Z. Wang, F. F. Wilson, J. Zupan, A. Zupanc, I. Adachi, J. Albert, Sw. Banerjee, M. Bellis, E. Ben-Haim, P. Biassoni, R. N. Cahn, C. Cartaro, J. Chauveau, C. Chen, C. C. Chiang, R. Cowan, J. Dalseno, M. Davier, C. Davies, J. C. Dingfelder, B. Eche nard, D. Epifanov, B. G. Fulsom, A. M. Gabareen, J. W. Gary, R. Godang, M. T. Graham, A. Hafner, B. Hamilton, T. Hartmann, K. Hayasaka, C. Hearty, Y. Iwasaki, A. Khodjamirian, A. Kusaka, A. Kuzmin, G. D. Lafferty, A. Lazzaro, J. Li, D. Lindemann, O. Long, A. Lusiani, G. Marchiori, M. Martinelli, K. Miyabayashi, R. Mizuk, G. B. Mohanty, D. R. Muller, H. Nakazawa, P. Ongmongkolkul, S. Pacetti, F. Palombo, T. K. Pedlar, L. E. Piilonen, A. Pilloni, V. Poireau, K. Prothmann, T. Pulliam, M. Rama, B. N. Ratcliff, P. Roudeau, S. Schrenk, T. Schroeder, K. R. Schubert, C. P. Shen, B. Shwartz, A. Soffer, E. P. Solodov, A. Somov, M. Starič, S. Stracka, A. V. Telnov, K. Yu. Todyshev, T. Tsuboyama, T. Uglov, A. Vinokurova, J. J. Walsh, Y. Watanabe, E. Won, G. Wormser, D. H. Wright, S. Ye, C. C. Zhang, S. Abachi, A. Abashian, K. Abe, K. Abe, N. Abe, R. Abe, T. Abe, T. Abe, G. S. Abrams, I. Adam, K. Adamczyk, A. Adametz, T. Adye, A. Agarwal, H. Ahmed, M. Ahmed, S. Ahmed, B. S. Ahn, H. S. Ahn, I. J. R. Aitchison, K. Akai, S. Akar, M. Akatsu, M. Akemoto, R. Akhmetshin, R. Akre, M. S. Alam, J. N. Albert, R. Aleksan, J. P. Alexander, G. Alimonti, M. T. Allen, J. Allison, T. Allmendinger, J. R. G. Alsmiller, D. Altenburg, K. E. Alwyn, Q. An, J. Anderson, R. Andreassen, D. Andreotti, M. Andreotti, J. C. Andress, C. Angelini, D. Anipko, A. Anjomshoaa, P. L. Anthony, E. A. Antillon, E. Antonioli, K. Aoki, J. F. Arguin, K. Arinstein, K. Arisaka, K. Asai, M. Asai, Y. Asano, D. J. Asgeirsson, D. M. Asner, T. Aso, M. L. Aspinwall, D. Aston, H. Atmacan, B. Aubert, V. Aulchenko, R. Ayad, T. Azemoon, T. Aziz, V. Azzolini, D. E. Azzopardi, M. A. Baak, J. J. Back, S. Bagnasco, S. Bahinipati, D. S. Bailey, S. Bailey, P. Bailly, N. van Bakel, A. M. Bakich, A. Bala, V. Balagura, R. Baldini-Ferroli, Y. Ban, E. Banas, H. R. Band, S. Banerjee, E. Baracchini, R. Barate, E. Barberio, M. Barbero, D. J. Bard, T. Barillari, N. R. Barlow, R. J. Barlow, M. Barrett, W. Bartel, J. Bartelt, R. Bartoldus, G. Batignani, M. Battaglia, J. M. Bauer, A. Bay, M. Beaulieu, P. Bechtle, T. W. Beck, J. Becker, J. Becla, I. Bedny, S. Behari, P. K. Behera, E. Behn, L. Behr, C. Beigbeder, D. Beiline, R. Bell, F. Bellini, G. Bellodi, K. Belous, M. Benayoun, G. Benelli, J. F. Benitez, M. Benkebil, N. Berger, J. Bernabeu, D. Bernard, R. Bernet, F. U. Bernlochner, J. W. Berryhill, K. Bertsche, P. Besson, D. S. Best, S. Bettarini, D. Bettoni, V. Bhardwaj, W. Bhimji, B. Bhuyan, B. Bhuyan, M. E. Biagini, M. Biasini, K. van Bibber, J. Biesiada, I. Bingham, R. M. Bionta, M. Bischofberger, U. Bitenc, I. Bizjak, F. Blanc, G. Blaylock, V. E. Blinov, E. Bloom, P. C. Bloom, N. L. Blount, J. Blouw, M. Bly, S. Blyth, C. T. Boeheim, M. Bomben, A. Bondar, M. Bondioli, G. R. Bonneaud, G. Bonvicini, M. Booke, J. Booth, C. Borean, A. W. Borgland, E. Borsato, F. Bosi, L. Bosisio, A. A. Botov, J. Bougher, K. Bouldin, P. Bourgeois, D. Boutigny, D. A. Bowerman, A. M. Boyarski, R. F. Boyce, J. T. Boyd, A. Bozek, C. Bozzi, M. Bračko, G. Brandenburg, T. Brandt, B. Brau, J. Brau, A. B. Breon, D. Breton, C. Brew, H. Briand, P. G. Bright-Thomas, V. Brigljević, D. I. Britton, F. Brochard, B. Broomer, J. Brose, T. E. Browder, C. L. Brown, C. M. Brown, D. N. Brown, D. N. Brown, M. Browne, M. Bruinsma, S. Brunet, F. Bucci, C. Buchanan, O. L. Buchmueller, C. Bünger, W. Bugg, A. D. Bukin, R. Bula, H. Bulten, P. R. Burchat, W. Burgess, J. P. Burke, J. Button-Shafer, A. R. Buzykaev, A. Buzzo, Y. Cai, R. Calabrese, A. Calcaterra, G. Calderini, B. Camanzi, E. Campagna, C. Campagnari, R. Capra, V. Carassiti, M. Carpinelli, M. Carroll, G. Casarosa, B. C. K. Casey, N. M. Cason, G. Castelli, N. Cavallo, G. Cavoto, A. Cecchi, R. Cenci, G. Cerizza, A. Cervelli, A. Ceseracciu, X. Chai, K. S. Chaisanguanthum, M. C. Chang, Y. H. Chang, Y. W. Chang, D. S. Chao, M. Chao, Y. Chao, E. Charles, C. A. Chavez, R. Cheaib, V. Chekelian, A. Chen, A. Chen, E. Chen, G. P. Chen, H. F. Chen, J. -H. Chen, J. C. Chen, K. F. Chen, P. Chen, S. Chen, W. T. Chen, X. Chen, X. R. Chen, Y. Q. Chen, B. Cheng, B. G. Cheon, N. Chevalier, Y. M. Chia, S. Chidzik, K. Chilikin, M. V. Chistiakova, R. Cizeron, I. S. Cho, K. Cho, V. Chobanova, H. H. F. Choi, K. S. Choi, S. K. Choi, Y. Choi, Y. K. Choi, S. Christ, P. H. Chu, S. Chun, A. Chuvikov, G. Cibinetto, D. Cinabro, A. R. Clark, P. J. Clark, C. K. Clarke, R. Claus, B. Claxton, Z. C. Clifton, J. Cochran, J. Cohen-Tanugi, H. Cohn, T. Colberg, S. Cole, F. Colecchia, C. Condurache, R. Contri, P. Convert, M. R. Convery, P. Cooke, N. Copty, C. M. Cormack, F. Dal Corso, L. A. Corwin, F. Cossutti, D. Cote, A. Cotta Ramusino, W. N. Cottingham, F. Couderc, D. P. Coupal, R. Covarelli, G. Cowan, W. W. Craddock, G. Crane, H. B. Crawley, L. Cremaldi, A. Crescente, M. Cristinziani, J. Crnkovic, G. Crosetti, T. Cuhadar-Donszelmann, A. Cunha, S. Curry, A. D'Orazio, S. Dû, G. Dahlinger, B. Dahmes, C. Dallapiccola, N. Danielson, M. Danilov, A. Das, M. Dash, S. Dasu, M. Datta, F. Daudo, P. D. Dauncey, P. David, C. L. Davis, C. T. Day, F. De Mori, G. De Domenico, N. De Groot, C. De la Vaissière, Ch. de la Vaissière, A. de Lesquen, G. De Nardo, R. de Sangro, A. De Silva, S. DeBarger, F. J. Decker, P. del Amo Sanchez, L. Del Buono, V. Del Gamba, D. del Re, G. Della Ricca, A. G. Denig, D. Derkach, I. M. Derrington, H. DeStaebler, J. Destree, S. Devmal, B. Dey, B. Di Girolamo, E. Di Marco, M. Dickopp, M. O. Dima, S. Dittrich, S. Dittongo, P. Dixon, L. Dneprovsky, F. Dohou, Y. Doi, Z. Doležal, D. A. Doll, M. Donald, L. Dong, L. Y. Dong, J. Dorfan, A. Dorigo, M. P. Dorsten, R. Dowd, J. Dowdell, Z. Drásal, J. Dragic, B. W. Drummond, R. S. Dubitzky, G. P. Dubois-Felsmann, M. S. Dubrovin, Y. C. Duh, Y. T. Duh, D. Dujmic, W. Dungel, W. Dunwoodie, D. Dutta, A. Dvoretskii, N. Dyce, M. Ebert, E. A. Eckhart, S. Ecklund, R. Eckmann, P. Eckstein, C. L. Edgar, A. J. Edwards, U. Egede, A. M. Eichenbaum, P. Elmer, S. Emery, Y. Enari, R. Enomoto, E. Erdos, R. Erickson, J. A. Ernst, R. J. Erwin, M. Escalier, V. Eschenburg, I. Eschrich, S. Esen, L. Esteve, F. Evangelisti, C. W. Everton, V. Eyges, C. Fabby, F. Fabozzi, S. Fahey, M. Falbo, S. Fan, F. Fang, F. Fang, C. Fanin, A. Farbin, H. Farhat, J. E. Fast, M. Feindt, A. Fella, E. Feltresi, T. Ferber, R. E. Fernholz, S. Ferrag, F. Ferrarotto, F. Ferroni, R. C. Field, A. Filippi, G. Finocchiaro, E. Fioravanti, J. Firmino da Costa, P. -A. Fischer, A. Fisher, P. H. Fisher, C. J. Flacco, R. L. Flack, H. U. Flaecher, J. Flanagan, J. M. Flanigan, K. E. Ford, W. T. Ford, I. J. Forster, A. C. Forti, F. Forti, D. Fortin, B. Foster, S. D. Foulkes, G. Fouque, J. Fox, P. Franchini, M. Franco Sevilla, B. Franek, E. D. Frank, K. B. Fransham, S. Fratina, K. Fratini, A. Frey, R. Frey, M. Friedl, M. Fritsch, J. R. Fry, H. Fujii, M. Fujikawa, Y. Fujita, Y. Fujiyama, C. Fukunaga, M. Fukushima, J. Fullwood, Y. Funahashi, Y. Funakoshi, F. Furano, M. Furman, K. Furukawa, H. Futterschneider, E. Gabathuler, T. A. Gabriel, N. Gabyshev, F. Gaede, N. Gagliardi, A. Gaidot, J. -M. Gaillard, J. R. Gaillard, S. Galagedera, F. Galeazzi, F. Gallo, D. Gamba, R. Gamet, K. K. Gan, P. Gandini, S. Ganguly, S. F. Ganzhur, Y. Y. Gao, I. Gaponenko, A. Garmash, J. Garra Tico, I. Garzia, M. Gaspero, F. Gastaldi, C. Gatto, V. Gaur, N. I. Geddes, T. L. Geld, J. -F. Genat, K. A. George, M. George, S. George, Z. Georgette, T. J. Gershon, M. S. Gill, R. Gillard, J. D. Gilman, F. Giordano, M. A. Giorgi, P. -F. Giraud, L. Gladney, T. Glanzman, R. Glattauer, A. Go, K. Goetzen, Y. M. Goh, G. Gokhroo, P. Goldenzweig, V. B. Golubev, G. P. Gopal, A. Gordon, A. Gorišek, V. I. Goriletsky, R. Gorodeisky, L. Gosset, K. Gotow, S. 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Vitale, G. M. Vitug, C. Voß, C. Voci, C. Voena, A. Volk, J. H. von Wimmersperg-Toeller, V. Vorobyev, A. Vossen, G. Vuagnin, C. O. Vuosalo, K. Wacker, A. P. Wagner, D. L. Wagner, G. Wagner, M. N. Wagner, S. R. Wagner, D. E. Wagoner, D. Walker, W. Walkowiak, D. Wallom, C. C. Wang, C. H. Wang, J. Wang, J. G. Wang, K. Wang, L. Wang, L. L. Wang, P. Wang, P. Wang, T. J. Wang, W. F. Wang, X. L. Wang, Y. F. Wang, F. R. Wappler, M. Watanabe, A. T. Watson, J. E. Watson, N. K. Watson, M. Watt, J. H. Weatherall, M. Weaver, T. Weber, R. Wedd, J. T. Wei, A. W. Weidemann, A. J. R. Weinstein, W. A. Wenzel, C. A. West, C. G. West, T. J. West, E. White, R. M. White, J. Wicht, L. Widhalm, J. Wiechczynski, U. Wienands, L. Wilden, M. Wilder, D. C. Williams, G. Williams, J. C. Williams, K. M. Williams, M. I. Williams, S. Y. Willocq, J. R. Wilson, M. G. Wilson, R. J. Wilson, F. Winklmeier, L. O. Winstrom, M. A. Winter, W. J. Wisniewski, M. Wittgen, J. Wittlin, W. Wittmer, R. Wixted, A. Woch, B. J. Wogsland, E. Won, Q. K. Wong, B. C. Wray, A. C. Wren, D. M. Wright, C. H. Wu, J. Wu, S. L. Wu, H. W. Wulsin, S. M. Xella, Q. L. Xie, Y. Xie, Y. Xie, Z. Z. Xu, Ch. Yèche, Y. Yamada, M. Yamaga, A. Yamaguchi, H. Yamaguchi, T. Yamaki, H. Yamamoto, N. Yamamoto, R. K. Yamamoto, S. Yamamoto, T. Yamanaka, H. Yamaoka, J. Yamaoka, Y. Yamaoka, Y. Yamashita, M. Yamauchi, D. S. Yan, Y. Yan, H. Yanai, S. Yanaka, H. Yang, R. Yang, S. Yang, A. K. Yarritu, S. Yashchenko, J. Yashima, Z. Yasin, Y. Yasu, S. W. Ye, P. Yeh, J. I. Yi, K. Yi, M. Yi, Z. W. Yin, J. Ying, G. Yocky, K. Yokoyama, M. Yokoyama, T. Yokoyama, K. Yoshida, M. Yoshida, Y. Yoshimura, C. C. Young, C. X. Yu, Z. Yu, C. Z. Yuan, Y. Yuan, F. X. Yumiceva, Y. Yusa, A. N. Yushkov, H. Yuta, V. Zacek, S. B. Zain, A. Zallo, S. Zambito, D. Zander, S. L. Zang, D. Zanin, B. G. Zaslavsky, Q. L. Zeng, A. Zghiche, B. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Zhang, L. M. Zhang, S. Q. Zhang, Z. P. Zhang, H. W. Zhao, H. W. Zhao, M. Zhao, Z. G. Zhao, Y. Zheng, Y. H. Zheng, Z. P. Zheng, V. Zhilich, P. Zhou, R. Y. Zhu, Y. S. Zhu, Z. M. Zhu, V. Zhulanov, T. Ziegler, V. Ziegler, G. Zioulas, M. Zisman, M. Zito, D. Zürcher, N. Zwahlen, O. Zyukova, T. Živko, D. Žontar

This work is on the Physics of the B Factories. Part A of this book contains a brief description of the SLAC and KEK B Factories as well as their detectors, BaBar and Belle, and data taking related issues. Part B discusses tools and methods used by the experiments in order to obtain results. Read More

Authors: Maren Hempel, Dante Minniti, István Dékány, Roberto K. Saito, Philip W. Lucas, Jim Emerson, Andrea V. Ahumada, Suzanne Aigrain, Maria Victoria Alonso, Javier Alonso-García, Eduardo B. Amôres, Rodolfo Angeloni, Julia Arias, Reba Bandyopadhyay, Rodolfo H. Barbá, Beatriz Barbuy, Gustavo Baume, Juan Carlos Beamin, Luigi Bedin, Eduardo Bica, Jordanka Borissova, Leonardo Bronfman, Giovanni Carraro, Márcio Catelan, Juan J. Clariá, Carlos Contreras, Nicholas Cross, Christopher Davis, Richard de Grijs, Janet E. Drew, Cecilia Fariña, Carlos Feinstein, Eduardo Fernández Lajús, Stuart Folkes, Roberto C. Gamen, Douglas Geisler, Wolfgang Gieren, Bertrand Goldman, Oscar González, Andrew Gosling, Guillermo Gunthardt, Sebastian Gurovich, Nigel C. Hambly, Margaret Hanson, Melvin Hoare, Mike J. Irwin, Valentin D. Ivanov, Andrés Jordán, Eamonn Kerins, Karen Kinemuchi, Radostin Kurtev, Andy Longmore, Martin López-Corredoira, Tom Maccarone, Eduardo Martín, Nicola Masetti, Ronald E. Mennickent, David Merlo, Maria Messineo, I. Félix Mirabel, Lorenzo Monaco, Christian Moni Bidin, Lorenzo Morelli, Nelson Padilla, Tali Palma, Maria Celeste Parisi, Quentin Parker, Daniela Pavani, Pawel Pietrukowicz, Grzegorz Pietrzynski, Giuliano Pignata, Marina Rejkuba, Alejandra Rojas, Alexandre Roman-Lopes, Maria Teresa Ruiz, Stuart E. Sale, Ivo Saviane, Matthias R. Schreiber, Anja C. Schröder, Saurabh Sharma, Michael Smith, Laerte Sodré Jr., Mario Soto, Andrew W. Stephens, Motohide Tamura, Claus Tappert, Mark A. Thompson, Ignacio Toledo, Elena Valenti, Leonardo Vanzi, Walter Weidmann, Manuela Zoccali

The VISTA Variables in the V\'ia L\'actea (VVV) survey is one of six public ESO surveys, and is now in its 4th year of observing. Although far from being complete, the VVV survey has already delivered many results, some directly connected to the intended science goals (detection of variables stars, microlensing events, new star clusters), others concerning more exotic objects, e.g. Read More

Context. The Vista Variables in the V\'ia L\'actea (VVV) ESO Public Survey is a variability survey of the Milky Way bulge and an adjacent section of the disk carried out from 2010 on ESO Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (VISTA). VVV will eventually deliver a deep near-IR atlas with photometry and positions in five passbands (ZYJHK_S) and a catalogue of 1-10 million variable point sources - mostly unknown - which require classifications. Read More

We present a calculation of soft-gluon corrections in FCNC top-quark production via anomalous $t$-$q$-$g$ couplings. The soft anomalous dimension matrix is explicitly calculated at one-loop accuracy. This calculation allows threshold resummation at next-to-leading-logarithm accuracy. Read More

The focal-plane detector system for the KArlsruhe TRItium Neutrino (KATRIN) experiment consists of a multi-pixel silicon p-i-n-diode array, custom readout electronics, two superconducting solenoid magnets, an ultra high-vacuum system, a high-vacuum system, calibration and monitoring devices, a scintillating veto, and a custom data-acquisition system. It is designed to detect the low-energy electrons selected by the KATRIN main spectrometer. We describe the system and summarize its performance after its final installation. Read More

Authors: N. Benitez, R. Dupke, M. Moles, L. Sodre, J. Cenarro, A. Marin-Franch, K. Taylor, D. Cristobal, A. Fernandez-Soto, C. Mendes de Oliveira, J. Cepa-Nogue, L. R. Abramo, J. S. Alcaniz, R. Overzier, C. Hernandez-Monteagudo, E. J. Alfaro, A. Kanaan, J. M. Carvano, R. R. R. Reis, E. Martinez Gonzalez, B. Ascaso, F. Ballesteros, H. S. Xavier, J. Varela, A. Ederoclite, H. Vazquez Ramio, T. Broadhurst, E. Cypriano, R. Angulo, J. M. Diego, A. Zandivarez, E. Diaz, P. Melchior, K. Umetsu, P. F. Spinelli, A. Zitrin, D. Coe, G. Yepes, P. Vielva, V. Sahni, A. Marcos-Caballero, F. Shu Kitaura, A. L. Maroto, M. Masip, S. Tsujikawa, S. Carneiro, J. Gonzalez Nuevo, G. C. Carvalho, M. J. Reboucas, J. C. Carvalho, E. Abdalla, A. Bernui, C. Pigozzo, E. G. M. Ferreira, N. Chandrachani Devi, C. A. P. Bengaly Jr., M. Campista, A. Amorim, N. V. Asari, A. Bongiovanni, S. Bonoli, G. Bruzual, N. Cardiel, A. Cava, R. Cid Fernandes, P. Coelho, A. Cortesi, R. G. Delgado, L. Diaz Garcia, J. M. R. Espinosa, E. Galliano, J. I. Gonzalez-Serrano, J. Falcon-Barroso, J. Fritz, C. Fernandes, J. Gorgas, C. Hoyos, Y. Jimenez-Teja, J. A. Lopez-Aguerri, C. Lopez-San Juan, A. Mateus, A. Molino, P. Novais, A. OMill, I. Oteo, P. G. Perez-Gonzalez, B. Poggianti, R. Proctor, E. Ricciardelli, P. Sanchez-Blazquez, T. Storchi-Bergmann, E. Telles, W. Schoennell, N. Trujillo, A. Vazdekis, K. Viironen, S. Daflon, T. Aparicio-Villegas, D. Rocha, T. Ribeiro, M. Borges, S. L. Martins, W. Marcolino, D. Martinez-Delgado, M. A. Perez-Torres, B. B. Siffert, M. O. Calvao, M. Sako, R. Kessler, A. Alvarez-Candal, M. De Pra, F. Roig, D. Lazzaro, J. Gorosabel, R. Lopes de Oliveira, G. B. Lima-Neto, J. Irwin, J. F. Liu, E. Alvarez, I. Balmes, S. Chueca, M. V. Costa-Duarte, A. A. da Costa, M. L. L. Dantas, A. Y. Diaz, J. Fabregat, F. Ferrari, B. Gavela, S. G. Gracia, N. Gruel, J. L. L. Gutierrez, R. Guzman, J. D. Hernandez-Fernandez, D. Herranz, L. Hurtado-Gil, F. Jablonsky, R. Laporte, L. L. Le Tiran, J Licandro, M. Lima, E. Martin, V. Martinez, J. J. C. Montero, P. Penteado, C. B. Pereira, V. Peris, V. Quilis, M. Sanchez-Portal, A. C. Soja, E. Solano, J. Torra, L. Valdivielso

The Javalambre-Physics of the Accelerated Universe Astrophysical Survey (J-PAS) is a narrow band, very wide field Cosmological Survey to be carried out from the Javalambre Observatory in Spain with a purpose-built, dedicated 2.5m telescope and a 4.7 sq. Read More

We describe the astrometric reduction of images obtained with the FORS2/VLT camera in the framework of an astrometric planet search around 20 M/L-transition dwarfs. We present the correction of systematic errors, the achieved astrometric performance, and a new astrometric catalogue containing the faint reference stars in 20 fields located close to the Galactic plane. We detected three types of systematic errors in the FORS2 astrometry: the relative motion of the camera's two CCD chips, errors that are correlated in space, and an error contribution of yet unexplained origin. Read More

Context. The previously identified source SSTB213 J041757 is a proto brown dwarf candidate in Taurus, which has two possible components A and B. It was found that component B is probably a class 0/I proto brown dwarf associated with an extended envelope. Read More

Extrasolar planet searches targeting very low-mass stars and brown dwarfs are hampered by intrinsic or instrumental limitations. Time series of astrometric measurements with precisions better than one milli-arcsecond can yield new evidence on the planet occurrence around these objects. We present first results of an astrometric search for planets around 20 nearby dwarf stars with spectral types M8-L2. Read More

We present a study of age-related spectral signatures observed in 25 young low-mass objects that we have previously determined as possible kinematic members of five young moving groups: the Local Association (Pleiades moving group, age=20 - 150 Myr), the Ursa Major group (Sirius supercluster, age=300 Myr), the Hyades supercluster (age=600 Myr), IC 2391 supercluster (age=35--55 Myr) and the Castor moving group (age=200 Myr). In this paper we characterize the spectral properties of observed high or low resolution spectra of our kinematic members by fitting theoretical spectral distributions. We study signatures of youth, such as lithium {\sc i} 6708 \AA, H$\alpha$ emission and other age-sensitive spectroscopic signatures in order to confirm the kinematic memberships through age constraints. Read More

The Wide Field Camera Transit Survey is a pioneer program aimed to search for extra-solar planets in the near-infrared. The standard data reduction pipeline of the program uses aperture photometry to construct the light curves. We alternatively apply the difference imaging method for the most complete field in the survey and carry out a quantitative comparison between the photometric precision of both methods for objects with J<18. Read More

Semiconductor detectors in general have a dead layer at their surfaces that is either a result of natural or induced passivation, or is formed during the process of making a contact. Charged particles passing through this region produce ionization that is incompletely collected and recorded, which leads to departures from the ideal in both energy deposition and resolution. The silicon \textit{p-i-n} diode used in the KATRIN neutrino-mass experiment has such a dead layer. Read More

We calculate flavor-changing neutral current (FCNC) processes with top-quark production via anomalous couplings at LHC energies. We report on progress on the FCNC processes gu -> tZ, gu -> t gamma and gu -> tg. We go beyond leading order and include soft-gluon corrections through next-to-next-to-leading order. Read More

[abridged] The severe crowding in the direction of the inner Milky Way suggests that the census of stars within a few tens of parsecs in that direction may not be complete. We search for new nearby objects companions of known high proper motion (HPM) stars located towards the densest regions of the Southern Milky Way where the background contamination presented a major problem to previous works. The common proper motion (PM) method was used--we inspected the area around 167 known HPM (>=200 mas/yr) stars: 67 in the disk and 100 in the bulge. Read More

Using the Position and Proper Motion Extended-L (PPMXL) catalogue, we have used optical and near-infrared colour cuts together with a reduced proper motion cut to find bright M dwarfs for future exoplanet transit studies. PPMXL's low proper motion uncertainties allow us to probe down to smaller proper motions than previous similar studies. We have combined unique objects found with this method to that of previous work to produce 8479 K<9 M dwarfs. Read More

(abridged) We present a near-infrared (NIR) photometric variability study of the candidate protoplanet, TMR-1C, located at a separation of about 10" (~1000 AU) from the Class I protobinary TMR-1AB in the Taurus molecular cloud. Our campaign was conducted between October, 2011, and January, 2012. We were able to obtain 44 epochs of observations in each of the H and Ks filters. Read More

Little is known about the existence of extrasolar planets around ultracool dwarfs. Furthermore, binary stars with Sun-like primaries and very low-mass binaries composed of ultracool dwarfs show differences in the distributions of mass ratio and orbital separation that can be indicative of distinct formation mechanisms. Using FORS2/VLT optical imaging for high precision astrometry we are searching for planets and substellar objects around ultracool dwarfs to investigate their multiplicity properties for very low companion masses. Read More

The Caribbean basin is home to some of the most complex interactions in recent history among previously diverged human populations. Here, by making use of genome-wide SNP array data, we characterize ancestral components of Caribbean populations on a sub-continental level and unveil fine-scale patterns of population structure distinguishing insular from mainland Caribbean populations as well as from other Hispanic/Latino groups. We provide genetic evidence for an inland South American origin of the Native American component in island populations and for extensive pre-Columbian gene flow across the Caribbean basin. Read More

Observations of very low-mass stars with Kepler represent an excellent opportunity to search for planetary transits and to characterize optical photometric variability at the cool end of the stellar mass distribution. In this paper, we present low-resolution red optical spectra that allow us to identify 18 very low-mass stars that have Kepler light curves available in the public archive. Spectral types of these targets are found to lie in the range dM4. Read More

The WFCAM Transit Survey (WTS) is a near-infrared transit survey running on the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope (UKIRT), designed to discover planets around M dwarfs. The WTS acts as a poor-seeing backup programme for the telescope, and represents the first dedicated wide-field near-infrared transit survey. In this paper we describe the observing strategy of the WTS and the processing of the data to generate lightcurves. Read More

In this paper we present the discovery of a highly unequal-mass eclipsing M-dwarf binary, providing a unique constraint on binary star formation theory and on evolutionary models for low-mass binary stars. The binary is discovered using high- precision infrared light curves from the WFCAM Transit Survey (WTS) and has an orbital period of 2.44 d. Read More

DECal is a new calibration system for the CTIO 4 m Blanco telescope. It is currently being installed as part of the Dark Energy Survey and will provide both broadband flat fields and narrowband (about 1 nm bandwidth) spectrophotometric calibration for the new Dark Energy Camera (DECam). Both of these systems share a new Lambertian flat field screen. Read More

We present an analysis of the photometric variability of M dwarfs in the WFCAM Transit Survey. Although periodic lightcurve variability in low mass stars is generally dominated by photospheric star spot activity, M dwarf variability in the J band has not been as thoroughly investigated as at visible wavelengths. Spectral type estimates for a sample of over 200,000 objects are made using spectral type-colour relations, and over 9600 dwarfs (J<17) with spectral types later than K7 were found. Read More