E. J. Brash - HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations

E. J. Brash
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E. J. Brash
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HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations
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Nuclear Experiment (32)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (6)
 
Nuclear Theory (5)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)

Publications Authored By E. J. Brash

2016Jun
Affiliations: 1HKS, 2HKS, 3HKS, 4HKS, 5HKS, 6HKS, 7HKS, 8HKS, 9HKS, 10HKS, 11HKS, 12HKS, 13HKS, 14HKS, 15HKS, 16HKS, 17HKS, 18HKS, 19HKS, 20HKS, 21HKS, 22HKS, 23HKS, 24HKS, 25HKS, 26HKS, 27HKS, 28HKS, 29HKS, 30HKS, 31HKS, 32HKS, 33HKS, 34HKS, 35HKS, 36HKS, 37HKS, 38HKS, 39HKS, 40HKS, 41HKS, 42HKS, 43HKS, 44HKS, 45HKS, 46HKS, 47HKS, 48HKS, 49HKS, 50HKS, 51HKS, 52HKS, 53HKS, 54HKS, 55HKS, 56HKS, 57HKS, 58HKS, 59HKS, 60HKS, 61HKS, 62HKS, 63HKS, 64HKS, 65HKS, 66HKS, 67HKS, 68HKS, 69HKS, 70HKS, 71HKS, 72HKS, 73HKS, 74HKS, 75HKS, 76HKS, 77HKS, 78HKS, 79HKS, 80HKS, 81HKS, 82HKS, 83HKS, 84HKS, 85HKS, 86HKS

The missing mass spectroscopy of the $^{7}_{\Lambda}$He hypernucleus was performed, using the $^{7}$Li$(e,e^{\prime}K^{+})^{7}_{\Lambda}$He reaction at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility Hall C. The $\Lambda$ binding energy of the ground state (1/2$^{+}$) was determined with a smaller error than that of the previous measurement, being $B_{\Lambda}$ = 5.55 $\pm$ 0. Read More

Structure functions, as measured in lepton-nucleon scattering, have proven to be very useful in studying the quark dynamics within the nucleon. However, it is experimentally difficult to separately determine the longitudinal and transverse structure functions, and consequently there are substantially less data available for the longitudinal structure function in particular. Here we present separated structure functions for hydrogen and deuterium at low four--momentum transfer squared, Q^2< 1 GeV^2, and compare these with parton distribution parameterizations and a k_T factorization approach. Read More

Precise proton and neutron form factor measurements at Jefferson Lab, using spin observables, have recently made a significant contribution to the unraveling of the internal structure of the nucleon. Accurate experimental measurements of the nucleon form factors are a test-bed for understanding how the nucleon's static properties and dynamical behavior emerge from QCD, the theory of the strong interactions between quarks. There has been enormous theoretical progress, since the publication of the Jefferson Lab proton form factor ratio data, aiming at reevaluating the picture of the nucleon. Read More

Background: Measurements of forward exclusive meson production at different squared four-momenta of the exchanged virtual photon, $Q^2$, and at different four-momentum transfer, t, can be used to probe QCD's transition from meson-nucleon degrees of freedom at long distances to quark-gluon degrees of freedom at short scales. Ratios of separated response functions in $\pi^-$ and $\pi^+$ electroproduction are particularly informative. The ratio for transverse photons may allow this transition to be more easily observed, while the ratio for longitudinal photons provides a crucial verification of the assumed pole dominance, needed for reliable extraction of the pion form factor from electroproduction data. Read More

2014Jun
Authors: L. Tang1, C. Chen2, T. Gogami3, D. Kawama4, Y. Han5, L. Yuan6, A. Matsumura7, Y. Okayasu8, T. Seva9, V. M. Rodriguez10, P. Baturin11, A. Acha12, P. Achenbach13, A. Ahmidouch14, I. Albayrak15, D. Androic16, A. Asaturyan17, R. Asaturyan18, O. Ates19, R. Badui20, O. K. Baker21, F. Benmokhtar22, W. Boeglin23, J. Bono24, P. Bosted25, E. Brash26, P. Carter27, R. Carlini28, A. Chiba29, M. E. Christy30, L. Cole31, M. M. Dalton32, S. Danagoulian33, A. Daniel34, R. De Leo35, V. Dharmawardane36, D. Doi37, K. Egiyan38, M. Elaasar39, R. Ent40, H. Fenker41, Y. Fujii42, M. Furic43, M. Gabrielyan44, L. Gan45, F. Garibaldi46, D. Gaskell47, A. Gasparian48, E. F. Gibson49, P. Gueye50, O. Hashimoto51, D. Honda52, T. Horn53, B. Hu54, Ed V. Hungerford55, C. Jayalath56, M. Jones57, K. Johnston58, N. Kalantarians59, H. Kanda60, M. Kaneta61, F. Kato62, S. Kato63, M. Kawai64, C. Keppel65, H. Khanal66, M. Kohl67, L. Kramer68, K. J. Lan69, Y. Li70, A. Liyanage71, W. Luo72, D. Mack73, K. Maeda74, S. Malace75, A. Margaryan76, G. Marikyan77, P. Markowitz78, T. Maruta79, N. Maruyama80, V. Maxwell81, D. J. Millener82, T. Miyoshi83, A. Mkrtchyan84, H. Mkrtchyan85, T. Motoba86, S. Nagao87, S. N. Nakamura88, A. Narayan89, C. Neville90, G. Niculescu91, M. I. Niculescu92, A. Nunez93, Nuruzzaman94, H. Nomura95, K. Nonaka96, A. Ohtani97, M. Oyamada98, N. Perez99, T. Petkovic100, J. Pochodzalla101, X. Qiu102, S. Randeniya103, B. Raue104, J. Reinhold105, R. Rivera106, J. Roche107, C. Samanta108, Y. Sato109, B. Sawatzky110, E. K. Segbefia111, D. Schott112, A. Shichijo113, N. Simicevic114, G. Smith115, Y. Song116, M. Sumihama117, V. Tadevosyan118, T. Takahashi119, N. Taniya120, K. Tsukada121, V. Tvaskis122, M. Veilleux123, W. Vulcan124, S. Wells125, F. R. Wesselmann126, S. A. Wood127, T. Yamamoto128, C. Yan129, Z. Ye130, K. Yokota131, S. Zhamkochyan132, L. Zhu133
Affiliations: 1HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 2HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 3HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 4HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 5HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 6HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 7HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 8HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 9HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 10HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 11HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 12HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 13HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 14HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 15HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 16HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 17HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 18HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 19HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - Collaborations, 20HKS - JLab E05-115 and E01-001 - 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Since the pioneering experiment, E89-009 studying hypernuclear spectroscopy using the $(e,e^{\prime}K^+)$ reaction was completed, two additional experiments, E01-011 and E05-115, were performed at Jefferson Lab. These later experiments used a modified experimental design, the "tilt method", to dramatically suppress the large electromagnetic background, and allowed for a substantial increase in luminosity. Additionally, a new kaon spectrometer, HKS (E01-011), a new electron spectrometer, HES, and a new splitting magnet were added to produce precision, high-resolution hypernuclear spectroscopy. Read More

2014Apr
Affiliations: 1The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 2The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 3The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 4The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 5The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 6The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 7The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 8The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 9The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 10The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 11The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 12The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 13The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 14The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 15The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 16The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 17The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 18The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 19The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 20The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 21The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 22The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 23The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 24The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 25The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 26The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 27The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 28The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 29The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 30The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 31The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 32The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 33The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 34The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 35The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 36The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 37The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 38The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 39The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 40The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 41The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 42The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 43The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 44The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 45The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 46The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 47The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 48The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 49The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 50The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 51The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 52The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 53The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 54The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 55The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 56The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 57The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 58The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 59The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 60The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 61The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 62The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 63The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 64The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 65The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 66The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 67The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 68The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 69The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 70The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 71The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 72The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 73The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 74The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 75The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 76The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 77The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 78The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 79The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 80The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 81The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 82The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 83The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 84The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 85The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 86The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 87The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration, 88The Jefferson Lab Fpi Collaboration

The study of exclusive $\pi^{\pm}$ electroproduction on the nucleon, including separation of the various structure functions, is of interest for a number of reasons. The ratio $R_L=\sigma_L^{\pi^-}/\sigma_L^{\pi^+}$ is sensitive to isoscalar contamination to the dominant isovector pion exchange amplitude, which is the basis for the determination of the charged pion form factor from electroproduction data. A change in the value of $R_T=\sigma_T^{\pi^-}/\sigma_T^{\pi^+}$ from unity at small $-t$, to 1/4 at large $-t$, would suggest a transition from coupling to a (virtual) pion to coupling to individual quarks. Read More

Measurements of the production of forward jets from transversely polarized proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=500$ GeV conducted at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) are reported. Our measured jet cross section is consistent with hard scattering expectations. Our measured analyzing power for forward jet production is small and positive, and provides constraints on the Sivers functions that are related to partonic orbital angular momentum through theoretical models. Read More

The Proton Radius Puzzle is the inconsistency between the proton radius determined from muonic hydrogen and the proton radius determined from atomic hydrogen level transitions and ep elastic scattering. No generally accepted resolution to the Puzzle has been found. Possible solutions generally fall into one of three categories: the two radii are different due to novel beyond-standard-model physics, the two radii are different due to novel aspects of nucleon structure, and the two radii are the same, but there are underestimated uncertainties or other issues in the ep experiments. Read More

The lifetime of a Lambda particle embedded in a nucleus (hypernucleus) decreases from that of free Lambda decay due to the opening of the Lambda N to NN weak decay channel. However, it is generally believed that the lifetime of a hypernucleus attains a constant value (saturation) for medium to heavy hypernuclear masses, yet this hypothesis has been difficult to verify. The present paper reports a direct measurement of the lifetime of medium-heavy hypernuclei produced with a photon-beam from Fe, Cu, Ag, and Bi targets. Read More

2012May
Authors: H. Fonvieille1, G. Laveissiere2, N. Degrande3, S. Jaminion4, C. Jutier5, L. Todor6, R. Di Salvo7, L. Van Hoorebeke8, L. C. Alexa9, B. D. Anderson10, K. A. Aniol11, K. Arundell12, G. Audit13, L. Auerbach14, F. T. Baker15, M. Baylac16, J. Berthot17, P. Y. Bertin18, W. Bertozzi19, L. Bimbot20, W. U. Boeglin21, E. J. Brash22, V. Breton23, H. Breuer24, E. Burtin25, J. R. Calarco26, L. S. Cardman27, C. Cavata28, C. -C. Chang29, J. -P. Chen30, E. Chudakov31, E. Cisbani32, D. S. Dale33, C. W. deJager34, R. De Leo35, A. Deur36, N. d'Hose37, G. E. Dodge38, J. J. Domingo39, L. Elouadrhiri40, M. B. Epstein41, L. A. Ewell42, J. M. Finn43, K. G. Fissum44, G. Fournier45, B. Frois46, S. Frullani47, C. Furget48, H. Gao49, J. Gao50, F. Garibaldi51, A. Gasparian52, S. Gilad53, R. Gilman54, A. Glamazdin55, C. Glashausser56, J. Gomez57, V. Gorbenko58, P. Grenier59, P. A. M. Guichon60, J. O. Hansen61, R. Holmes62, M. Holtrop63, C. Howell64, G. M. Huber65, C. E. Hyde66, S. Incerti67, M. Iodice68, J. Jardillier69, M. K. Jones70, W. Kahl71, S. Kato72, A. T. Katramatou73, J. J. Kelly74, S. Kerhoas75, A. Ketikyan76, M. Khayat77, K. Kino78, S. Kox79, L. H. Kramer80, K. S. Kumar81, G. Kumbartzki82, M. Kuss83, A. Leone84, J. J. LeRose85, M. Liang86, R. A. Lindgren87, N. Liyanage88, G. J. Lolos89, R. W. Lourie90, R. Madey91, K. Maeda92, S. Malov93, D. M. Manley94, C. Marchand95, D. Marchand96, D. J. Margaziotis97, P. Markowitz98, J. Marroncle99, J. Martino100, K. McCormick101, J. McIntyre102, S. Mehrabyan103, F. Merchez104, Z. E. Meziani105, R. Michaels106, G. W. Miller107, J. Y. Mougey108, S. K. Nanda109, D. Neyret110, E. A. J. M. Offermann111, Z. Papandreou112, B. Pasquini113, C. F. Perdrisat114, R. Perrino115, G. G. Petratos116, S. Platchkov117, R. Pomatsalyuk118, D. L. Prout119, V. A. Punjabi120, T. Pussieux121, G. Quemener122, R. D. Ransome123, O. Ravel124, J. S. Real125, F. Renard126, Y. Roblin127, D. Rowntree128, G. Rutledge129, P. M. Rutt130, A. Saha131, T. Saito132, A. J. Sarty133, A. Serdarevic134, T. Smith135, G. Smirnov136, K. Soldi137, P. Sorokin138, P. A. Souder139, R. Suleiman140, J. A. Templon141, T. Terasawa142, R. Tieulent143, E. Tomasi-Gustaffson144, H. Tsubota145, H. Ueno146, P. E. Ulmer147, G. M. Urciuoli148, M. Vanderhaeghen149, R. L. J. Van der Meer150, R. Van De Vyver151, P. Vernin152, B. Vlahovic153, H. Voskanyan154, E. Voutier155, J. W. Watson156, L. B. Weinstein157, K. Wijesooriya158, R. Wilson159, B. B. Wojtsekhowski160, D. G. Zainea161, W. -M. Zhang162, J. Zhao163, Z. -L. Zhou164
Affiliations: 1The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 2The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 3The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 4The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 5The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 6The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 7The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 8The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 9The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 10The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 11The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 12The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 13The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 14The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 15The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 16The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 17The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 18The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 19The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 20The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 21The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 22The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 23The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 24The Jefferson Lab Hall A 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Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 143The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 144The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 145The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 146The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 147The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 148The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 149The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 150The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 151The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 152The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 153The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 154The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 155The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 156The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 157The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 158The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 159The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 160The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 161The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 162The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 163The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 164The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

Virtual Compton Scattering (VCS) on the proton has been studied at Jefferson Lab using the exclusive photon electroproduction reaction (e p --> e p gamma). This paper gives a detailed account of the analysis which has led to the determination of the structure functions P_LL-P_TT/epsilon and P_LT, and the electric and magnetic generalized polarizabilities (GPs) alpha_E(Q^2) and beta_M(Q^2) at values of the four-momentum transfer squared Q^2= 0.92 and 1. Read More

We present new data for the polarization observables of the final state proton in the $^{1}H(\vec{\gamma},\vec{p})\pi^{0}$ reaction. These data can be used to test predictions based on hadron helicity conservation (HHC) and perturbative QCD (pQCD). These data have both small statistical and systematic uncertainties, and were obtained with beam energies between 1. Read More

We present an updated extraction of the proton electromagnetic form factor ratio, mu_p G_E/G_M, at low Q^2. The form factors are sensitive to the spatial distribution of the proton, and precise measurements can be used to constrain models of the proton. An improved selection of the elastic events and reduced background contributions yielded a small systematic reduction in the ratio mu_p G_E/G_M compared to the original analysis. Read More

2011Feb
Affiliations: 1The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 2The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 3The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 4The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 5The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 6The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 7The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 8The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 9The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 10The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 11The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 12The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 13The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 14The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 15The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 16The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 17The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 18The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 19The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 20The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 21The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 22The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 23The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 24The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 25The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 26The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 27The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 28The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 29The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 30The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 31The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 32The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 33The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 34The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 35The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 36The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 37The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 38The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 39The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 40The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 41The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 42The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 43The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 44The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 45The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 46The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 47The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 48The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 49The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 50The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 51The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 52The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 53The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 54The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 55The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 56The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 57The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 58The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 59The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 60The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 61The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 62The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 63The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 64The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 65The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 66The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 67The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 68The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 69The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 70The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 71The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 72The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 73The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration, 74The Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

Precise measurements of the proton electromagnetic form factor ratio $R = \mu_p G_E^p/G_M^p$ using the polarization transfer method at Jefferson Lab have revolutionized the understanding of nucleon structure by revealing the strong decrease of $R$ with momentum transfer $Q^2$ for $Q^2 \gtrsim 1$ GeV$^2$, in strong disagreement with previous extractions of $R$ from cross section measurements. In particular, the polarization transfer results have exposed the limits of applicability of the one-photon-exchange approximation and highlighted the role of quark orbital angular momentum in the nucleon structure. The GEp-II experiment in Jefferson Lab's Hall A measured $R$ at four $Q^2$ values in the range 3. Read More

2010Dec

Intensive theoretical and experimental efforts over the past decade have aimed at explaining the discrepancy between data for the proton electric to magnetic form factor ratio, $G_{E}/G_{M}$, obtained separately from cross section and polarization transfer measurements. One possible explanation for this difference is a two-photon-exchange (TPEX) contribution. In an effort to search for effects beyond the one-photon-exchange or Born approximation, we report measurements of polarization transfer observables in the elastic $H(\vec{e},e'\vec{p})$ reaction for three different beam energies at a fixed squared momentum transfer $Q^2 = 2. Read More

2010May

Among the most fundamental observables of nucleon structure, electromagnetic form factors are a crucial benchmark for modern calculations describing the strong interaction dynamics of the nucleon's quark constituents; indeed, recent proton data have attracted intense theoretical interest. In this letter, we report new measurements of the proton electromagnetic form factor ratio using the recoil polarization method, at momentum transfers Q2=5.2, 6. Read More

High precision measurements of induced and transferred recoil proton polarization in d(polarized gamma, polarized p})n have been performed for photon energies of 277--357 MeV and theta_cm = 20 degrees -- 120 degrees. The measurements were motivated by a longstanding discrepancy between meson-baryon model calculations and data at higher energies. At the low energies of this experiment, theory continues to fail to reproduce the data, indicating that either something is missing in the calculations and/or there is a problem with the accuracy of the nucleon-nucleon potential being used. Read More

The proton analyzing power in carbon has been measured for energies of 82 to 217 MeV and proton scattering angles of 5 to 41 degrees. The measurements were carried out using polarized protons from the elastic scattering H(pol. e, pol. Read More

Cross sections for the reaction ${^1}$H($e,e'\pi^+$)$n$ were measured in Hall C at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) using the CEBAF high-intensity, continous electron beam in order to determine the charged pion form factor. Data were taken for central four-momentum transfers ranging from $Q^2$=0.60 to 2. Read More

The charged pion form factor, Fpi(Q^2), is an important quantity which can be used to advance our knowledge of hadronic structure. However, the extraction of Fpi from data requires a model of the 1H(e,e'pi+)n reaction, and thus is inherently model dependent. Therefore, a detailed description of the extraction of the charged pion form factor from electroproduction data obtained recently at Jefferson Lab is presented, with particular focus given to the dominant uncertainties in this procedure. Read More

We present a measurement of the spin-dependent cross sections for the \vec{^3He}(\vec{e},e')X} reaction in the quasielastic and resonance regions at four-momentum transfer 0.1 < Q^2< 0.9 GeV^2. Read More

We report a helicity analysis of sub-threshold rho^0 production on 2H, 3He and 12C at low photo-production energies. The results are indicative of a large longitudinal rho^0 polarization (l=1, m=0) and are consistent with a strong helicity-flip production mechanism. This signature is used to extract in-medium rho^0_L invariant mass distributions for all three nuclei in a manner which is less model-dependent than previous measurements. Read More

2001Nov
Affiliations: 1E99-007/Hall A collaboration, 2E99-007/Hall A collaboration, 3E99-007/Hall A collaboration, 4E99-007/Hall A collaboration, 5E99-007/Hall A collaboration, 6E99-007/Hall A collaboration, 7E99-007/Hall A collaboration

The ratio of the electric and magnetic form factors of the proton, GEp/GMp, was measured at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) using the recoil polarization technique. The ratio of the form factors is directly proportional to the ratio of the transverse to longitudinal components of the polarization of the recoil proton in the elastic $\vec ep \to e\vec p$ reaction. The new data presented in this article span the range 3. Read More

Recent measurements of the ratio of the elastic electromagnetic form factors of the proton, G_Ep/G_Mp, using the polarization transfer technique at Jefferson Lab show that this ratio decreases dramatically with increasing Q^2, in contradiction to previous measurements using the Rosenbluth separation technique. Using this new high quality data as a constraint, we have reanalyzed most of the world e-p elastic cross section data. In this paper, we present a new empirical fit to the reanalyzed data for the proton elastic magnetic form factor in the region 0 < Q^2 < 30 GeV^2. Read More

We report a helicity analysis of subthreshold rho production on 2H and 12C nuclei at low photoproduction energies and large |t|. The results are indicative of a large longitudinal rho polarization (l=1, m=0) and are consistent with a strong helicity-flip mechanism of rho production. The analysis is model-independent and supports the large mass shift reported from the earlier 3He experiments. Read More

A large reduction of the rho^0 mass in the nuclear medium is reported, inferred from dipion photoproduction spectra in the 1 GeV region, for the reaction 3He(gamma,pi+ pi-)X with a 10% duty factor tagged-photon beam and the TAGX multi-particle spectrometer. The energy range covered (800 < E(gamma) < 1120 MeV) lies mostly below the free rho^0 production threshold, a region which is believed sensitive to modifications of light vector-meson properties at nuclear-matter densities. The rho^0 masses extracted from the MC fitting of the data, m*(rho^0) = 642 +/- 40, 669 +/- 32, and 682 +/- 56 MeV/c^2 for E(gamma) in the 800-880, 880-960, and 960-1040 MeV regions respectively, are independently corroborated by a measured, assumption-free, kinematical observable. Read More