E. Falize - LUTH, CEA DIF

E. Falize
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E. Falize

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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (4)
Astrophysics (3)
Physics - Plasma Physics (2)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (2)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)

Publications Authored By E. Falize

Quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) of a few seconds have been detected in some Polars, the synchronised subclass of cataclysmic systems containing a strongly magnetised white dwarf (WD) which accretes matter from a red dwarf companion. The QPOs are thought to be related to instabilities of a shock formed in the accretion column, close to the WD photosphere above the impact region. We present optical observations of the polar V834 Centauri performed with the fast ULTRACAM camera mounted on the ESO-VLT simultaneously in three filters (u', He II 4686A, r') to study these oscillations and characterise their properties along the orbit. Read More

Affiliations: 1Service Astrophysique-Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM/Irfu, 2LUTH-Observatoire de Paris, 3LUTH-Observatoire de Paris, 4CEA-DAM-DIF, 5LUTH-Observatoire de Paris

Quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) are observed in the optical flux of some polars with typical periods of 1 to 3 s but none have been observed yet in X-rays where a significant part of the accreting energy is released. QPOs are expected and predicted from shock oscillations. Most of the polars have been observed by the XMM-Newton satellite. Read More

Affiliations: 1LUTH-Observatoire de Paris, 2CEA-DAM-DIF, 3LUTH-Observatoire de Paris, 4Service Astrophysique-Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM/Irfu, 5LUTH-Observatoire de Paris

Magnetic cataclysmic variables are close binary systems containing a strongly magnetized white dwarf that accretes matter coming from an M-dwarf companion. High-energy radiation coming from those objects is emitted from the accretion column close to the white dwarf photosphere at the impact region. Its properties depend on the characteristics of the white dwarf and an accurate accretion column model allows the properties of the binary system to be inferred, such as the white dwarf mass, its magnetic field, and the accretion rate. Read More

Interaction between a central outflow and a surrounding wind is common in astrophysical sources powered by accretion. Understanding how the interaction might help to collimate the inner central outflow is of interest for assessing astrophysical jet formation paradigms. In this context, we studied the interaction between two nested supersonic plasma flows generated by focusing a long pulse high-energy laser beam onto a solid target. Read More

Preliminary experiments have been performed to investigate the effects of radiative cooling on plasma jets. Thin (3 um - 5 um) conical shells were irradiated with an intense laser, driving jets with velocities > 100 km/s. Through use of different target materials - aluminium, copper and gold - the degree of radiative losses was altered, and their importance for jet collimation investigated. Read More

The spectacular recent development of modern high-energy density laboratory facilities which concentrate more and more energy in millimetric volumes allows the astrophysical community to reproduce and to explore, in millimeter-scale targets and during very short times, astrophysical phenomena where radiation and matter are strongly coupled. The astrophysical relevance of these experiments can be checked from the similarity properties and especially scaling laws establishment, which constitutes the keystone of laboratory astrophysics. From the radiating optically thin regime to the so-called optically thick radiative pressure regime, we present in this paper, for the first time, a complete analysis of the main radiating regimes that we encountered in laboratory astrophysics with the same formalism based on the Lie-group theory. Read More

Category: Astrophysics

This work provides analytical solutions describing the post-shock structure of radiative shocks growing in astrophysics and in laboratory. The equations including a cooling function $\Lambda \propto \rho^{\epsilon} P^{\zeta} x^{\theta}$ are solved for any values of the exponents $\epsilon$, $\zeta$ and $\theta$. This modeling is appropriate to astrophysics as the observed radiative shocks arise in optically thin media. Read More

In this paper, radiating fluids scaling laws are studied. We focus on optically thin and optically thick regimes which are relevant for both astrophysics and laboratory experiments. By using homothetic Lie groups, we obtain the scaling laws, the similarity properties and the number of free parameters which allow to rescale experiments in the two astrophyscial situations. Read More

In this paper we study specific classes of radiating shocks which are widely spread in astrophysical environments. We present more general solutions of their structure and proceed to the analytical determination of physical quantities. Read More