Dong Zhang - Ohio State

Dong Zhang
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Name
Dong Zhang
Affiliation
Ohio State
Country
United States

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Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (8)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (7)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (7)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (6)
 
Nuclear Theory (6)
 
Physics - Materials Science (5)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (4)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (4)
 
Mathematics - Spectral Theory (3)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (3)
 
Mathematics - Combinatorics (2)
 
Nuclear Experiment (2)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
 
Astrophysics (1)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
 
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
 
Physics - Atomic Physics (1)

Publications Authored By Dong Zhang

We theoretically propose that, the single crystal formed TaS is a new type of topological semimetal, hosting ring-shaped gapless nodal lines and triply degenerate points (TDPs) in the absence of spin-orbit coupling (SOC). In the presence of SOC, the each TDP splits into four TDPs along the high symmetric line in the momentum space, and one of the nodal ring remains closed due to the protection of the mirror reflection symmetry, while another nodal ring is fully gapped and transforms into six pairs ofWeyl points (WPs) carrying opposite chirality. The electronic structures of the projected surfaces are also discussed, the unique Fermi arcs are observed and the chirality remains or vanishes depending on the projection directions. Read More

Given a video and a description sentence with one missing word (we call it the "source sentence"), Video-Fill-In-the-Blank (VFIB) problem is to find the missing word automatically. The contextual information of the sentence, as well as visual cues from the video, are important to infer the missing word accurately. Since the source sentence is broken into two fragments: the sentence's left fragment (before the blank) and the sentence's right fragment (after the blank), traditional Recurrent Neural Networks cannot encode this structure accurately because of many possible variations of the missing word in terms of the location and type of the word in the source sentence. Read More

Multiple object detection in wide area aerial videos, has drawn the attention of the computer vision research community for a number of years. A novel framework is proposed in this paper using a fully convolutional deep neural network, which is able to detect all objects simultaneously for a given region of interest. The network is designed to accept multiple video frames at a time as the input and yields detection results for all objects in the temporally center frame. Read More

Recently, action proposal methods have played an important role in action recognition tasks, as they reduce the search space dramatically. Most unsupervised action proposal methods tend to generate hundreds of action proposals which include many noisy, inconsistent, and unranked action proposals, while supervised action proposal methods take advantage of predefined object detectors (e.g. Read More

The integration of different two-dimensional materials within a multilayer van der Waals (vdW) heterostructure offers a promising technology for realizing high performance opto-electronic devices such as photodetectors and light sources1-3. Transition metal dichalcogenides, e.g. Read More

Monolayer semiconductors of group-VA elements (As, Sb, Bi) with graphenelike buckled structure offer a potential to achieve nanoscale electronic, optoelectronic and thermoelectric devices. Motivated by recently-fabricated Sb monolayer, we systematically investigate the thermoelectric properties of $\beta$-As, Sb and Bi monolayers by combining the first-principles calculations and semiclassical Boltzmann transport theory. The generalized gradient approximation (GGA) plus spin-orbit coupling (SOC) is adopted for the electron part, and GGA is employed for the phonon part. Read More

We study dusty winds driven by radiation pressure in the atmosphere of a rapidly star-forming environment. We apply the variable Eddington tensor algorithm to re-examine the two-dimensional radiation hydrodynamic problem of a column of gas that is accelerated by a constant infrared radiation flux. In the absence of gravity, the system is primarily characterized by the initial optical depth of the gas. Read More

We consider effective Higgs boson couplings, including both the CP-even and CP-odd couplings, that affect Higgs boson pair production in this study. Through the partial wave analysis, we find that the process $gg\to hh$ is dominated by the $s$-wave component even at a 100~TeV $pp$-collider. Making use of the $s$-wave kinematics, we propose a cut efficiency function to mimic the collider simulation and obtain the potential of measuring Higgs effective couplings at the 14~TeV LHC with an integrated luminosity of $3000~{\rm fb}^{-1}$ and at a 100 TeV $pp$-collider. Read More

We study collider phenomenology of the so-called 331 model with $SU(3)_C\otimes SU(3)_L\otimes U(1)_X$ gauge structure at the large hadron collider, including single and double Higgs boson productions, Higgs boson rare decay, $Z^\prime$ boson production, new charged gauge boson pair production, and heavy quark pair production. We discuss all the possible collider signatures of new particle productions. Four benchmark 331 models, $\beta=\pm \sqrt{3}$ and $\beta=\pm 1/\sqrt{3}$, are studied in this work. Read More

In this paper we investigate non-crossing chords of simple polygons in the plane systematically. We first develop the Euler characteristic of a family of line-segments, and subsequently study the structure of the diagonals and epigonals of a polygon. A special phenomenon is that the Euler characteristic of a set of diagonals (or epigonals) characterizes the geometric property of polygons, such as convexity. Read More

Given a video and its incomplete textural description with missing words, the Video-Fill-in-the-Blank (ViFitB) task is to automatically find the missing word. The contextual information of the sentences are important to infer the missing words; the visual cues are even more crucial to get a more accurate inference. In this paper, we presents a new method which intuitively takes advantage of the structure of the sentences and employs merging LSTMs (to merge two LSTMs) to tackle the problem with embedded textural and visual cues. Read More

We demonstrate theoretically the coexistence of Dirac semimetal and topological insulator phases in InSb/$\alpha$-Sn conventional semiconductor superlattices, based on advanced first-principles calculations combined with low-energy $k\cdot p$ theory. By proper interfaces designing, a large interface polarization emerges when the growth direction is chosen along {[}111{]}. Such an intrinsic polarized electrostatic field reduces band gap largely and invert the band structure finally, leading to emerge of the topological Dirac semimetal phase with a pair of Dirac nodes appearing along the (111) crystallographic direction near the $\Gamma$ point. Read More

Even though face recognition in frontal view and normal lighting condition works very well, the performance degenerates sharply in extreme conditions. Recently there are many work dealing with pose and illumination problems, respectively. However both the lighting and pose variation will always be encountered at the same time. Read More

H$_3$S is believed to the most possible high-temperature superconducting ($T_{\text{c}}$) phase of hydrogen sulfide at $\sim$200 GPa. It's isotope substitution of hydrogen (H) by deuterium (D), however, shows an anomalous $T_{\text{c}}$ decrease of $\sim$100 K at 140 to 160 GPa, much larger than the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer theory prediction. Using ab initio path-integral molecular dynamics (PIMD), we show that the nuclear quantum effects (NQEs) influence the structures of H$_3$S and D$_3$S differently at finite temperatures and the interval when H$_3$S possesses the symmetric high $T_{\text{c}}$ structure while D$_3$S does not is in agreement with, though their absolute values are lower than experiments. Read More

Parallel to the signless Laplacian spectral theory, we introduce and develop the nonlinear spectral theory of signless $1$-Laplacian on graphs. Again, the first eigenvalue $\mu^+_1$ of the signless 1-Laplacian precisely characterizes the bipartiteness of a graph and naturally connects to the maxcut problem. However, the dual Cheeger constant $h^+$, which has only some upper and lower bounds in the Laplacian spectral theory, is proved to be $1-\mu^+_1$. Read More

We investigated the electronic and optoelectronic properties of vertical van der Waals heterostructure photodetectors using layered p type GaSe and n type InSe, with graphene as the transparent electrodes. Not only the photocurrent peaks from the layered GaSe and InSe themselves were observed, also the interlayer optical transition peak was observed, which is consistent with the first-principles calculation. The built-in electric field between p-n heterojunction and the advantage of the graphene electrodes can effectively separate the photo-induced electron-hole pairs, and thus lead to the response time down to 160 {\mu}s. Read More

It has been a puzzle whether quarks may exist in the interior of massive neutron stars, since the hadron-quark phase transition softens the equation of state (EOS) and reduce the neutron star (NS) maximum mass very significantly. In this work, we consider the light U-boson that increases the NS maximum mass appreciably through its weak coupling to fermions. The inclusion of the U-boson may thus allow the existence of the quark degrees of freedom in the interior of large mass neutron stars. Read More

We have experimentally produced rubidium Bose-Einstein condensate in an optically-plugged magnetic quadrupole (OPQ) trap. A far blue-detuned focused laser beam with a wavelength of 532 nm is plugged in the center of the magnetic quadrupole trap to increase the number of trapped atoms and suppress the heating. A radio frequency (RF) evaporative cooling in the magneto-optical hybrid trap is applied to decrease the atom temperature into degeneracy. Read More

In this paper, we present a method to estimate a sequence of human poses in unconstrained videos. We aim to demonstrate that by using temporal information, the human pose estimation results can be improved over image based pose estimation methods. In contrast to the commonly employed graph optimization formulation, which is NP-hard and needs approximate solutions, we formulate this problem into a unified two stage tree-based optimization problem for which an efficient and exact solution exists. Read More

This paper presents a detailed review of both theory and algorithms for the Cheeger cut based on the graph $1$-Laplacian. In virtue of the cell structure of the feasible set, we propose a cell descend (CD) framework for achieving the Cheeger cut. While plugging the relaxation to guarantee the decrease of the objective value in the feasible set, from which both the inverse power (IP) method and the steepest descent (SD) method can also be recovered, we are able to get two specified CD methods. Read More

The eigenvectors for graph $1$-Laplacian possess some sort of localization property: On one hand, any nodal domain of an eigenvector is again an eigenvector with the same eigenvalue; on the other hand, one can pack up an eigenvector for a new graph by several fundamental eigencomponents and modules with the same eigenvalue via few special techniques. The Courant nodal domain theorem for graphs is extended to graph $1$-Laplacian for strong nodal domains, but for weak nodal domains it is false. The notion of algebraic multiplicity is introduced in order to provide a more precise estimate of the number of independent eigenvectors. Read More

In this paper, we propose an effective scene text recognition method using sparse coding based features, called Histograms of Sparse Codes (HSC) features. For character detection, we use the HSC features instead of using the Histograms of Oriented Gradients (HOG) features. The HSC features are extracted by computing sparse codes with dictionaries that are learned from data using K-SVD, and aggregating per-pixel sparse codes to form local histograms. Read More

We interpret the diphoton anomaly as a heavy scalar $H_3$ in the so-called 331 model. The scalar is responsible for breaking the $SU(3)_C\otimes SU(3)_L\otimes U(1)_X$ gauge symmetry down to the standard model electroweak gauge group. It mainly couples to the standard model gluons and photons through quantum loops involving heavy quarks and leptons. Read More

The recently observed diphoton resonance around 750~GeV at the LHC Run-2 could be interpreted as a weak singlet scalar. The scalar might also decay into a pair of $Z$-boson and photon. The $Z$-boson is highly boosted and appears as a fat jet in the detector. Read More

Considering the importance of Lorentz invariance and chiral symmetry, we adopt the saturated Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model to study the density dependence of the symmetry energy. The super-soft symmetry energy can be obtained from introducing a chiral isovector-vector interaction in the lagrangian, but should be ruled out by the neutron star (NS) stability in the mean-field approximation. It is found that the isovector-scalar interaction in the NJL model can play an important role in softening of the symmetry energy. Read More

Lateral heterostructures of two-dimensional materials may exhibit various intriguing emergent properties. Yet when specified to the orientationally aligned heterojunctions of zigzag graphene and hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) nanoribbons, realizations of the high expectations on their properties encounter two standing hurtles. First, the rapid accumulation of strain energy prevents large- scale fabrication. Read More

The Higgs boson production can be affected by several anomalous couplings, e.g. $c_t$ and $c_g$ anomalous couplings. Read More

The physical origin of high velocity cool gas seen in galactic winds remains unknown. Following Wang (1995), we argue that radiative cooling in initially hot thermally-driven outflows can produce fast neutral atomic and photoionized cool gas. The inevitability of adiabatic cooling from the flow's initial 10^7-10^8K temperature and the shape of the cooling function for T<10^7K imply that outflows with hot gas mass-loss rate relative to star formation rate of beta=Mdot_hot/Mdot_star > 0. Read More

Efficient thermalization of overlapping supernovae within star-forming galaxies may produce a supernova-heated fluid that drives galactic winds. For fiducial assumptions about the timescale for cloud shredding from high-resolution simulations (which neglect magnetic fields) we show that cool clouds with temperature from $T_{c}\sim 10^{2}-10^{4}$ K seen in emission and absorption in galactic winds cannot be accelerated to observed velocities by the ram pressure of a hot wind. Taking into account both the radial structure of the hot flow and gravity, we show that this conclusion holds over a wide range of galaxy, cloud, and hot wind properties. Read More

The ATLAS collaboration reported excesses at around 2 TeV in the di-boson production decaying into hadronic final states. We consider the possibility of explaining the excesses with extra gauge bosons in two simple non-Abelian extensions of the Standard Model. One is the so-called $G(221)$ models with a symmetry structure of $SU(2)_1\otimes SU(2)_2\otimes U(1)_X$ and the other is the $G(331)$ models with an extended symmetry of $SU(3)_C\otimes SU(3)_L\otimes U(1)_X$. Read More

The multiplicity distribution, multiplicity moment, scaled variance, entropy and reduced entropy of target evaporated fragment emitted in forward and backward hemispheres in 12 A GeV $^{4}$He, 3.7 A GeV $^{16}$O, 60 A GeV $^{16}$O, 1.7 A GeV $^{84}$Kr and 10. Read More

As the experimental data from kaonic atoms and $K^{-}N$ scatterings imply that the $K^{-}$-nucleon interaction is strongly attractive at saturation density, there is a possibility to form $K^{-}$-nuclear bound states or kaonic nuclei. In this work, we investigate the ground-state properties of the light kaonic nuclei with the relativistic mean field theory. It is found that the strong attraction between $K^{-}$ and nucleons reshapes the scalar and vector meson fields, leading to the remarkable enhancement of the nuclear density in the interior of light kaonic nuclei and the manifest shift of the single-nucleon energy spectra and magic numbers therein. Read More

We investigate theoretically the electronic structure of graphene and boron nitride (BN) lateral heterostructures, which were fabricated in recent experiments. The first-principles density functional calculation demonstrates that a huge intrinsic transverse electric field can be induced in the graphene nanoribbon region, and depends sensitively on the edge configuration of the lateral heterostructure. The polarized electric field originates from the charge mismatch at the BN-graphene interfaces. Read More

The forward-backward multiplicity and correlations of target evaporated fragment(black track particle) and target recoiled proton(grey track particle) emitted in 150 A MeV He-emulsion, 290 A MeV C-emulsion, 400 A MeV C-emulsion, 400 A MeV Ne-emulsion and 500 A MeV Fe-emulsion interactions are investigated. It is found that the forward and backward averaged multiplicity of grey, black and heavily ionized track particle increase with the increase of target size. Averaged multiplicity of forward black track particle, backward black track particle, and backward grey track particle do not depend on the projectile size and energy, but the averaged multiplicity of forward grey track particle increases with increase of projectile size and energy. Read More

We use a hybrid strategy to obtain anharmonic frequency shifts and lifetimes of phonon quasi-particles from first principles molecular dynamics simulations in modest size supercells. This approach is effective irrespective of crystal structure complexity and facilitates calculation of full anharmonic phonon dispersions, as long as phonon quasi-particles are well defined. We validate this approach to obtain anharmonic effects with calculations in MgSiO3-perovskite, the major Earth forming mineral phase. Read More

The Majorana neutrino mass textures with a texture zero and a vanishing cofactor are reconsidered in the light of current experimental results. A numerical and systematic analysis is carried out for all viable patterns. In particular, we focus on the phenomenological implication of correlations between three mixing angle (especially for $\theta_{23}$), Dirac CP-violating phase $\delta$, the effective Majorana neutrino mass $m_{ee}$. Read More

Galactic superwinds may be driven by very hot outflows generated by overlapping supernovae within the host galaxy. We use the Chevalier & Clegg (CC85) wind model and the observed correlation between X-ray luminosities of galaxies and their SFRs to constrain the mass loss rates (\dot{M}_hot) across a wide range of star formation rates (SFRs), from dwarf starbursts to ultra-luminous infrared galaxies. We show that for fixed thermalization efficiency and mass loading rate, the X-ray luminosity of the hot wind scales as L_X ~ SFR^2, significantly steeper than is observed for star-forming galaxies: L_X ~ SFR. Read More

This paper proposes a new approach for face verification, where a pair of images needs to be classified as belonging to the same person or not. This problem is relatively new and not well-explored in the literature. Current methods mostly adopt techniques borrowed from face recognition, and process each of the images in the pair independently, which is counter intuitive. Read More

We demonstrate theoretically that interface engineering can drive Germanium, one of the most commonly-used semiconductors, into topological insulating phase. Utilizing giant electric fields generated by charge accumulation at GaAs/Ge/GaAs opposite semiconductor interfaces and band folding, the new design can reduce the sizable gap in Ge and induce large spin-orbit interaction, which lead to a topological insulator transition. Our work provides a new method on realizing TI in commonly-used semiconductors and suggests a promising approach to integrate it in well developed semiconductor electronic devices. Read More

By assuming that only gravitation exists between dark matter (DM) and normal matter (NM), we study the effects of fermionic DM on the properties of neutron stars using the two-fluid Tolman-Oppenheimer-Volkoff formalism. It is found that the mass-radius relationship of the DM admixed neutron stars (DANSs) depends sensitively on the mass of DM candidates, the amount of DM, and interactions among DM candidates. The existence of DM in DANSs results in a spread of mass-radius relationships that cannot be interpreted with a unique equilibrium sequence. Read More

We study the trend of the nuclear symmetry energy in relativistic mean-field models with appearance of the hyperon and quark degrees of freedom at high densities. On the pure hadron level, we focus on the role of $\Lambda$ hyperons in influencing the symmetry energy both at given fractions and at charge and chemical equilibriums. The softening of the nuclear symmetry energy is observed with the inclusion of the $\Lambda$ hyperons that suppresses the nucleon fraction. Read More

VFTS 682, a very massive and very hot Wolf-Rayet (WR) star recently discovered in the Large Magellanic Cloud near the famous star cluster R136, might be providing us with a glimpse of a missing link in our understanding of Long Gamma-Ray Bursts (LGRBs), including dark GRBs. It is likely its properties result from chemically homogeneous evolution (CHE), believed to be a key process for a massive star to become a GRB. It is also heavily obscured by dust extinction, which could make it a dark GRB upon explosion. Read More

We investigate the effects of the light vector U-boson that couples weakly to nucleons in relativistic mean-field models on the equation of state and subsequently the consequence in neutron stars. It is analyzed that the U-boson can lead to a much clearer rise of the neutron star maximum mass in models with the much softer equation of state. The inclusion of the U-boson may thus allow the existence of the non-nucleonic degrees of freedom in the interior of large mass neutron stars initiated with the favorably soft EOS of normal nuclear matter. Read More

(Abridged) Ultracompact Minihaloes (UCMHs), which formed by dark matter accretion onto primordial black holes (PBHs) or initial dark matter overdensity produced by the primordial density perturbation, provide a new type of compact dark matter structure to ionize and heat the IGM after matter-radiation equality z_eq, which is much earlier than the formation of the first cosmological dark halo structure and later first stars. We show that dark matter annihilation density contributed by UCMHs can totally dominated over the homogenous dark matter annihilation background even for a tiny UCMH abundance, and provide a new gamma-ray background in the early Universe. The IGM ionization fraction x_ion and gas temperature T_m can be increased from the recombination residual and adiabatically cooling in the absence of energy injection to the highest value of x_ ion 0. Read More

Hyperaccreting disks around neutron stars or magnetars cooled via neutrino emission can be the potential central engine of GRBs. The neutron-star disk can cool more efficiently, produce much higher neutrino luminosity and neutrino annihilation luminosity than its black hole counterpart with the same accretion rate. The neutron star surface boundary layer could increase the annihilation luminosity as well. Read More

(Abridged) We study large-scale winds driven from uniformly bright self-gravitating discs radiating near the Eddington limit. We show that the ratio of the radiation pressure force to the gravitational force increases with height above the disc surface to a maximum of twice the value of the ratio at the disc surface. Thus, uniformly bright self-gravitating discs radiating at the Eddington limit are fundamentally unstable to driving large-scale winds. Read More

(Abridged) The hyperaccreting neutron star or magnetar disks cooled via neutrino emission can be a candidate of gamma-ray burst (GRB) central engines. The strong field $\geq10^{15}-10^{16}$ G of the magnetar can play a significant role in affecting the disk properties and even lead to the funnel accretion process. We investigate the effects of strong fields on the disks around magnetars, and discuss implications of such accreting magnetar systems for GRB and GRB-like events. Read More

This thesis focuses on the study of the hyperaccreting neutron-star disks and magnetized accretion flows. It is usually proposed that hyperaccreting disks surrounding stellar-mass black holes with a huge accretion rate are central engines of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). However, hyperaccretion disks around neutron stars may exist in some GRB formation scenarios. Read More

Newborn neutron stars surrounded by hyperaccreting and neutrino-cooled disks may exist in some gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and/or supernovae (SNe). In this paper we further study the structure of such a neutron-star disk based on the two-region (i.e. Read More

2008May

(Abridged) We study the effects of a global magnetic field on viscously-rotating and vertically-integrated accretion disks around compact objects using a self-similar treatment. We extend Akizuki & Fukue's work (2006) by discussing a general magnetic field with three components ($r, \phi, z$) in advection-dominated accretion flows (ADAFs). We also investigate the effects of a global magnetic field on flows with convection. Read More