Dong Xu - Nanyang Technological University

Dong Xu
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Dong Xu
Nanyang Technological University

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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (14)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (8)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (6)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (4)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (4)
High Energy Physics - Theory (4)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (4)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (3)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (3)
Physics - Superconductivity (3)
Computer Science - Learning (3)
Physics - Classical Physics (2)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (2)
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (2)
Mathematical Physics (2)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)
Physics - Materials Science (1)
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
Physics - Optics (1)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (1)
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)
Mathematics - Probability (1)
Computer Science - Numerical Analysis (1)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
Physics - Atomic and Molecular Clusters (1)

Publications Authored By Dong Xu

The recently discovered topological Dirac semimetal represents a new exotic quantum state of matter. Topological Dirac semimetals can be viewed as three dimensional analogues of graphene, in which the Dirac nodes are protected by crystalline symmetry. It has been found that quantum confinement effect can gap out Dirac nodes and convert Dirac semimetal to a band insulator. Read More

Geometric moment invariants (GMIs) have been widely used as basic tool in shape analysis and information retrieval. Their structure and characteristics determine efficiency and effectiveness. Two fundamental building blocks or generating functions (GFs) for invariants are discovered, which are dot product and vector product of point vectors in Euclidean space. Read More

We propose and experimentally achieve a directional dipole field radiated by an omnidirectional monopole source enclosed in a subwavelength structure of acoustically hybrid resonances. The whole structure has its every dimension at an order smaller than the sound wavelength. The significance is that the radiation efficiency is up to 2. Read More

The explosion mechanism of broad-lined type Ic supernovae (SNe Ic-BL) is not very well understood despite their discovery more than two decades ago. Recently a serious confrontation of SNe Ic-BL with the magnetar (plus 56Ni) model was carried out following previous suggestions. Strong evidence for magnetar formation was found for the well-observed SNe Ic-BL 1998bw and 2002ap. Read More

In this paper, we propose a new deep network that learns multi-level deep representations for image emotion classification (MldrNet). Image emotion can be recognized through image semantics, image aesthetics and low-level visual features from both global and local views. Existing image emotion classification works using hand-crafted features or deep features mainly focus on either low-level visual features or semantic-level image representations without taking all factors into consideration. Read More

We review our current understanding of the progenitors of both long and short duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Constraints can be derived from multiple directions, and we use three distinct strands; i) direct observations of GRBs and their host galaxies, ii) parameters derived from modeling, both via population synthesis and direct numerical simulation and iii) our understanding of plausible analog progenitor systems observed in the local Universe. From these joint constraints, we describe the likely routes that can drive massive stars to the creation of long GRBs, and our best estimates of the scenarios that can create compact object binaries which will ultimately form short GRBs, as well as the associated rates of both long and short GRBs. Read More

We carry out a systematical study of the spectral lag properties of 50 single-pulsed Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) detected by Fermi/GBM. By dividing the light curves into multiple consecutive energy channels we provide a new measurement of the spectral lag which is independent on energy channel selections. We perform a detailed statistical study of our new measurements. Read More

We report the detection of the radio afterglow of a long gamma-ray burst (GRB) 111005A at 5-345 GHz, including the very long baseline interferometry observations with the positional error of 0.2 mas. The afterglow position is coincident with the disk of a galaxy ESO 580-49 at z= 0. Read More

Broad-lined type Ic supernovae (SNe Ic-BL) are of great importance because their association with long-duration gamma-ray bursts (LGRBs) holds the key to deciphering the central engine of LGRBs, which refrains from being unveiled despite decades of investigation. Among the two popularly hypothesized types of central engine, i.e. Read More

We report the application of the resistive anode readout method on a two dimensional imaging GEM detector. The resistive anode consists of $6\times6$ cells with the cell size $6~\mathrm{mm}\times6~\mathrm{mm}$. New electronics and DAQ system are used to process the signals from the 49 readout channels. Read More

In a recent experiment, half-quantized longitudinal conductance plateaus (HQCPs) of height $\frac{e^2}{2h}$ have been observed in quantum anomalous Hall (QAH) insulator/superconductor heterostructure transport measurements. It was predicted that these HQCPs are signatures of chiral Majorana edge states. The HQCPs are supposed to appear in the regimes where the Hall conductance $\sigma_{xy}$ is quantized. Read More

Matching pedestrians across multiple camera views known as human re-identification (re-identification) is a challenging problem in visual surveillance. In the existing works concentrating on feature extraction, representations are formed locally and independent of other regions. We present a novel siamese Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) architecture that can process image regions sequentially and enhance the discriminative capability of local feature representation by leveraging contextual information. Read More

3D action recognition - analysis of human actions based on 3D skeleton data - becomes popular recently due to its succinctness, robustness, and view-invariant representation. Recent attempts on this problem suggested to develop RNN-based learning methods to model the contextual dependency in the temporal domain. In this paper, we extend this idea to spatio-temporal domains to analyze the hidden sources of action-related information within the input data over both domains concurrently. Read More

We theoretically study the circularly polarized light-induced Floquet state in line-node semimetals with time-reversal symmetry and inversion symmetry. It is found that the Floquet state can show the photovoltaic anomalous Hall effect when an applied circularly polarized light gaps out the line node in the bulk and leave Weyl point nodes. The Hall conductivity is sensitive to the location of Fermi level: When the Fermi level locates at the node, the Hall conductivity depends on the radius of line node and is nearly independent of the intensity of light. Read More

Majorana zero modes (MZMs) have been predicted to exist in the topological insulator (TI)/superconductor (SC) heterostructure. Recent spin polarized scanning tunneling microscope (STM) experiment$^{1}$ has observed spin-polarization dependence of the zero bias differential tunneling conductance at the center of vortex core, which may be attributed to the spin selective Andreev reflection, a novel property of the MZMs theoretically predicted in 1-dimensional nanowire$^{2}$. Here we consider a helical electron system described by a Rashba spin orbit coupling Hamiltonian on a spherical surface with a s-wave superconducting pairing due to proximity effect. Read More

The introduction of the surface plasmon polarizations makes the emittance of the photocathode complicated. In this paper, the emittance of plasmon-enhanced photocathode is analyzed. It is first demonstrated that the plasmonic near field can increase the emittance of the plasmon-enhanced photocathode. Read More

Recently, bidirectional recurrent neural network (BRNN) has been widely used for question answering (QA) tasks with promising performance. However, most existing BRNN models extract the information of questions and answers by directly using a pooling operation to generate the representation for loss or similarity calculation. Hence, these existing models don't put supervision (loss or similarity calculation) at every time step, which will lose some useful information. Read More

Non-Hermitian systems always play a negative role in wave manipulations due to inherent non-conservation of energy as well as loss of information. Recently, however, there has been a paradigm shift on utilizing non-Hermitian systems to implement varied miraculous wave controlling. For example, parity-time symmetric media with well-designed loss and gain are presented to create a nontrivial effect of unidirectional diffraction, which is observed near the exceptional points (EPs) in the non-Hermitian systems. Read More

The relative differences in coordinates of Cylindrical-Gas-Electron-Multiplier-Detector-based Inner Tracker (CGEM-IT) clusters are studied to search for track segments in CGEM-IT. With the full simulation of single muon track samples, clear patterns are found and parameterized for the correct cluster combinations. The cluster combinations satisfying the patterns are selected as track segment candidates in CGEM-IT with an efficiency higher than 99%. Read More

Motivated by the recent discovery of quantized spin Hall effect in InAs/GaSb quantum wells\cite{du2013}$^,$\cite{xu2014}, we theoretically study the effects of in-plane magnetic field and strain effect to the quantization of charge conductance by using Landauer-Butikker formalism. Our theory predicts a robustness of the conductance quantization against the magnetic field up to a very high field of 20 tesla. We use a disordered hopping term to model the strain and show that the strain may help the quantization of the conductance. Read More

In our previous paper we construct a renormalizable Wess-Zumino action on BFNC superspace at the second order approximation of noncommutative parameters. The action contains about 200 terms which are necessary for renormalization. By removing chiral covariant derivatives and chiral coordinates we found that the BFNC Wess-Zumino action can be transformed to a simpler form which have manifest 1/2 supersymmetry. Read More

The quantum spin Hall effect has been predicted theoretically and observed experimentally in InAs/GaSb quantum wells as a result of inverted band structures, for which electron bands in InAs layers are below heavy hole bands in GaSb layers in energy. The hybridization between electron bands and heavy hole bands leads to a hybridization gap away from k=0. A recent puzzling observation in experiments is that when the system is tuned to more inverted regime by a gate voltage (a larger inverted gap at k=0), the hybridization gap decreases. Read More

We explain some phenomena existing generally in the timing residuals: amplitude and sign of the second derivative of a pulsar's spin-frequency ($\ddot\nu$), some sophisticated residual patterns, which also change with the time span of data segments. The sample is taken from Hobbs et al.\,(2010), in which the pulsar's spin-frequency and its first derivative have been subtracted from the timing solution fitting. Read More

To construct renormalizable gauge model in Bosonic-Fermionic noncommutative (BFNC) superspace, we replace the ordinary products of super Yang-Mills model by BFNC star products. To study the renormalization property of the deformed action, we obtain the one-loop 1PI effective action by using background field method at the first order of BFNC parameters. We also verify the BFNC supergauge invariance of the effective action. Read More

The optimization of resistive anode for two dimensional imaging detectors which consists of a series of high resistive square pads surrounding by low resistive strips has been studied by both numerical simulations and experimental tests. It has been found that to obtain good detector performance, the resistance ratio of the pad to the strip should be larger than 5, the nonuniformity of the pad surface resistivity had better be less than $20\%$, a smaller pad width leads to a smaller spatial resolution and when the pad width is $6mm$, the spatial resolution ($\sigma$) can reach about $105{\mu}m$. Based on the study results, a 2-D GEM detector prototype with the optimized resistive anode is constructed and a good imaging performance is achieved. Read More

Suppose that $\mathcal C$ is a finite collection of patterns. Observe a Markov chain until one of the patterns in $\mathcal C$ occurs as a run. This time is denoted by $\tau$. Read More

Millisecond magnetars can be formed via several channels: core-collapse of massive stars, accretion-induced collapse of white dwarfs (WDs), double WD mergers, double neutron star (NS) mergers, and WD-NS mergers. Because the mass of ejecta from these channels could be quite different, their light curves are also expected to be diverse. We evaluate the dynamic evolution of optical transients powered by millisecond magnetars. Read More

The $k$-dimensional coding schemes refer to a collection of methods that attempt to represent data using a set of representative $k$-dimensional vectors, and include non-negative matrix factorization, dictionary learning, sparse coding, $k$-means clustering and vector quantization as special cases. Previous generalization bounds for the reconstruction error of the $k$-dimensional coding schemes are mainly dimensionality independent. A major advantage of these bounds is that they can be used to analyze the generalization error when data is mapped into an infinite- or high-dimensional feature space. Read More

XTE J1810-189 underwent an outburst in 2008, and was observed over $\sim 100$ d by RXTE. Performing a time-resolved spectral analysis on the photospheric radius expansion burst detected on 2008 May 4, we obtain the source distance in the range of 3.5--8. Read More

We utilize the variational method to study the Kondo screening of a spin-$1/2$ magnetic impurity in a three-dimensional (3D) Weyl semimetal with two Weyl nodes along the $k_z$-axis. The model reduces to a 3D Dirac semimetal when the separation of the two Weyl nodes vanishes. When the chemical potential lies at the nodal point, $\mu=0$, the impurity spin is screened only if the coupling between the impurity and the conduction electron exceeds a critical value. Read More

Considering the aging effects of existing Inner Drift Chamber (IDC) of BES\uppercase\expandafter{\romannumeral3}, a GEM based inner tracker is proposed to be designed and constructed as an upgrade candidate for IDC. This paper introduces a full simulation package of CGEM-IT with a simplified digitization model, describes the development of the softwares for cluster reconstruction and track fitting algorithm based on Kalman filter method for CGEM-IT. Preliminary results from the reconstruction algorithms are obtained using a Monte Carlo sample of single muon events in CGEM-IT. Read More

Nuclear-norm regularization plays a vital role in many learning tasks, such as low-rank matrix recovery (MR), and low-rank representation (LRR). Solving this problem directly can be computationally expensive due to the unknown rank of variables or large-rank singular value decompositions (SVDs). To address this, we propose a proximal Riemannian gradient (PRG) scheme which can efficiently solve trace-norm regularized problems defined on real-algebraic variety $\mMLr$ of real matrices of rank at most $r$. Read More

Succeeding our previous finding about coherent interference of the resonant states of CO^- formed by the low-energy electron attachment [Phys. Rev. A 88, 012708 (2013)], here we provide more evidences of the coherent interference, in particular, we find the state configuration change in the interference with the increase of electron attachment energy by measuring the completely backward distributions of the O^- fragment ion of the temporary CO^- in an energy range 11. Read More

The search for topological superconductors which support Majorana fermion excitations has been an important topic in condensed matter physics. In this work, we propose a new experimental scheme for engineering topological superconductors. In this scheme, by manipulating the superlattice structure of organic molecules placed on top of a superconductor with Rashba spin-orbit coupling, topological superconducting phases can be achieved without fine-tuning the chemical potential. Read More

PTF11iqb was initially classified as a TypeIIn event caught very early after explosion. It showed narrow Wolf-Rayet (WR) spectral features on day 2, but the narrow emission weakened quickly and the spectrum morphed to resemble those of Types II-L and II-P. At late times, Halpha emission exhibited a complex, multipeaked profile reminiscent of SN1998S. Read More

Several modes of $B$ decays into three pseudoscalar octet mesons PPP have been measured. These decays have provided useful information for B decays in the standard model (SM). Some of powerful tools in analyzing B decays are flavor $SU(3)$ and isospin symmetries. Read More

We present an investigation of the optical spectra of 264 low-redshift (z < 0.2) Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) discovered by the Palomar Transient Factory, an untargeted transient survey. We focus on velocity and pseudo-equivalent width measurements of the Si II 4130, 5972, and 6355 A lines, as well those of the Ca II near-infrared (NIR) triplet, up to +5 days relative to the SN B-band maximum light. Read More

We generalize the ordinary Wess-Zumino model to the Bosonic-Fermionic noncommutative (BFNC) superspace and study its renormalization. In our previous work that can be regarded as the key foundation of the present paper, we have proved that the BFNC Wess-Zumino model with the real mass and interacting constant is one-loop renormalizable up to the second order of BFNC parameters. Based on the result obtained, in the present paper we modify the one-loop renormalizable BFNC Wess-Zumino model by generalizing the mass and interacting constant to complex numbers, introduce the U(1)_{R} R-symmetry and U(1)_{\Phi} flavor symmetry in the modified model, analyze possible divergent operators in the effective action of the modified model by using the dimensional analysis method, and further give a new BFNC Wess-Zumino model that is renormalizable at all loops still up to the second order of BFNC parameters by imposing symmetries rather than doing a direct perturbative investigation. Read More

We construct a deformed Wess-Zumino model on the noncommutative superspace where the Bosonic and Fermionic coordinates are no longer commutative with each other. Using the background field method, we calculate the primary one-loop effective action based on the deformed action. By comparing the two actions, we find that the deformed Wess-Zumino model is not renormalizable. Read More

Femtosecond time-resolved spectroscopy using 400 nm-pump and 800 nm-probe in CVD-grown multilayer graphene provides strong evidence for isotropic distribution of photoexcited carrier after initial relaxation. Indicative of such isotropic distribution is a pump polarization independence of differential reflectivity (\DeltaR/R) and transmittance (\DeltaT/T) from pump-probe measurements. Combined with results using 800 nm-pump in [arXiv. Read More

We show that the peculiar early optical and in particular X-ray afterglow emission of the short duration burst GRB 130603B can be explained by continuous energy injection into the blastwave from a supra-massive magnetar central engine. The observed energetics and temporal/spectral properties of the late infrared bump (i.e. Read More

We carry out a $U$-spin symmetry analysis for CP violation in $B^- $ decays into three light $\pi^-\pi^-\pi^+$, $\pi^- K^-K^+$, $K^-K^-K^+$ and $K^- \pi^-\pi^+$ mesons. We clarify some subtle points in constructing decay amplitudes with $U=0$ formed by the two negatively charged light mesons in the final states. $U$-spin conserving momentum independent and momentum dependent decay amplitudes, and $U$-spin violating decay amplitudes due to quark mass difference are constructed. Read More

We study localized in-gap states and quantum spin Hall effect in Si-doped InAs/GaSb quantum wells. We propose a model describing donor and/or acceptor impurities to describe Si dopants. This model shows in-gap bound states and wide conductance plateau with the quantized value $2e^2/h$ in light dopant concentration, consistent with recent experiments by Du et al. Read More

Short-hard gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are widely believed to be produced by the merger of two binary compact objects, specifically by two neutron stars or by a neutron star orbiting a black hole. According to the Li-Paczynski kilonova model, the merger would launch sub-relativistic ejecta and a near-infrared/optical transient would then occur, lasting up to days, which is powered by the radioactive decay of heavy elements synthesized in the ejecta. The detection of a late bump using the {\em Hubble Space Telescope} ({\em HST}) in the near-infrared afterglow light curve of the short-hard GRB 130603B is indeed consistent with such a model. Read More

We present our observations of SN 2010mb, a Type Ic SN lacking spectroscopic signatures of H and He. SN 2010mb has a slowly-declining light curve ($\sim600\,$days) that cannot be powered by $^{56}$Ni/$^{56}$Co radioactivity, the common energy source for Type Ic SNe. We detect signatures of interaction with hydrogen-free CSM including a blue quasi-continuum and, uniquely, narrow oxygen emission lines that require high densities ($\sim10^9$cm$^{-3}$). Read More

Graphene is an emerging class of two-dimensional (2D) material with unique electrical properties and a wide range of potential practical applications. In addition, graphene hybrid structures combined with other 2D materials, metal microstructures, silicon photonic crystal cavities, and waveguides have more extensive applications in van der Waals heterostructures, hybrid graphene plasmonics, hybrid optoelectronic devices, and optical modulators. Based on well-developed transfer methods, graphene grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is currently used in most of the graphene hybrid applications. Read More

TThe LHCb collaboration has recently reported evidence for non-zero CP asymmetries in $B^+$ decays into $\pi^+ K^+ K^-,\; \pi^+\pi^+\pi^-,\; K^+ K^+ K^- $ and $K^+\pi^+\pi^-$. The branching ratios for these decays have also been measured with different values ranging from $5\times 10^{-6}$ to $51\times 10^{-6}$. If flavor $SU(3)$ symmetry is a good symmetry for $B$ decays, in the case that the dominant amplitude is momentum independent it is expected that branching ratios $Br$ and CP violating rate differences $\Delta_{CP} = \Gamma - \overline{\Gamma}$ satisfy, $Br(\pi^+\pi^+\pi^-) = 2Br(\pi^+ K^+ K^-)$, $Br(K^+K^+K^-) = 2 Br(K^+\pi^+\pi^-)$, and $\Delta_{CP}(\pi^+\pi^+\pi^-) = 2\Delta_{CP}(\pi^+ K^+K^-) = - \Delta_{CP}(K^+K^+K^-) = -2\Delta_{CP}(K^+\pi^+\pi^-)$. Read More

Owing to their utility for measurements of cosmic acceleration, Type Ia supernovae (SNe) are perhaps the best-studied class of SNe, yet the progenitor systems of these explosions largely remain a mystery. A rare subclass of SNe Ia show evidence of strong interaction with their circumstellar medium (CSM), and in particular, a hydrogen-rich CSM; we refer to them as SNe Ia-CSM. In the first systematic search for such systems, we have identified 16 SNe Ia-CSM, and here we present new spectra of 13 of them. Read More