Debasish Borah

Debasish Borah
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Debasish Borah

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (47)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (10)
High Energy Physics - Theory (3)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (2)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)

Publications Authored By Debasish Borah

We study an inverse seesaw model of neutrino mass within the framework of $S_4$ flavour symmetry from the requirement of generating non-zero reactor mixing angle $\theta_{13}$ along with correct dark matter relic abundance. The leading order $S_4$ model gives rise to tri-bimaximal type leptonic mixing resulting in $\theta_{13}=0$. Non-zero $\theta_{13}$ is generated at one loop level by extending the model with additional scalar and fermion fields which take part in the loop correction. Read More

We present a new way of generating tiny Dirac masses of neutrinos in Left-Right Symmetric Model (LRSM) without requiring the existence of any additional symmetries. The charged fermions acquire masses through a universal seesaw mechanism through the presence of additional vector like fermions. The neutrinos acquire a one-loop Dirac mass from the same additional vector like charged leptons without requiring any additional discrete symmetries. Read More

We consider a class of left-right symmetric model with enlarged gauge group $SU(3)_c \times SU(3)_L \times SU(3)_R \times U(1)_X$ without having scalar bitriplet. In the absence of scalar bitriplet, there is no Dirac mass term for fermions including usual quarks and leptons. We introduce new isosinglet vector-like fermions so that all the fermions get their masses through a universal seesaw mechanism. Read More

We study the possibility of probing different texture zero neutrino mass matrices at long baseline neutrino experiment DUNE. Assuming a diagonal charged lepton basis and Majorana nature of light neutrinos, we first classify the possible light neutrino mass matrices with one and two texture zeros and then numerically evaluate the parameter space in terms of atmospheric mixing angle $\theta_{23}$ and Dirac CP phase $\delta_{\text{CP}}$ which satisfies the texture zero conditions. We then feed these parameter values into the numerical analysis in order to study the sensitivity of DUNE experiment to them. Read More

We study a specific version of $SU(2)_R \times SU(2)_L \times U(1)_{B-L}$ models extended by discrete symmetries where the new physics sector responsible for tiny neutrino masses at leading order remains decoupled from the new physics sector that can give rise to observable signatures of lepton number violation such as neutrinoless double beta decay. More specifically, the dominant contribution to light neutrino masses comes from a one-loop Dirac mass. At higher loop level, a tiny Majorana mass also appears which remains suppressed by many order of magnitudes in comparison to the Dirac mass. Read More

We study the possibility of generating tiny Dirac neutrino masses at one loop level through the \textit{scotogenic} mechanism such that one of the particles going inside the loop can be a stable cold dark matter (DM) candidate. Majorana mass terms of singlet fermions as well as tree level Dirac neutrino masses are prevented by incorporating the presence of additional discrete symmetries in a minimal fashion, which also guarantee the stability of the dark matter candidate. Due to the absence of total lepton number violation, the observed baryon asymmetry of the Universe is generated through the mechanism of Dirac leptogenesis where an equal and opposite amount of leptonic asymmetry is generated in the left and right handed sectors which are prevented from equilibration due to tiny Dirac Yukawa couplings. Read More

We revisit the possibility of generating non-zero reactor mixing angle in a scenario where there is a sterile neutrino at the eV scale apart from the usual three sub-eV scale active neutrinos. We show that the $3\times3$ active neutrino mass matrix can possess a $\mu-\tau$ symmetry and can still be consistent with non-zero value of the reactor mixing angle $\theta_{13}$, if this $\mu-\tau$ symmetry is broken in the sterile neutrino sector. We first propose a simple model based on the discrete flavour symmetry $A_4 \times Z_3 \times Z^{\prime}_3$ to realise such a scenario and then numerically evaluate the complete $3+1$ neutrino parameter space that allows such a possibility. Read More

We present a class of left-right symmetric models where Dirac as well as Majorana mass terms of neutrinos can arise at one-loop level in a scotogenic fashion: with dark matter particles going inside the loop. We show the possibility of naturally light right handed neutrinos that can have interesting implications at neutrinoless double beta decay experiments as well as cosmology. Apart from a stable dark matter candidate stabilised by a remnant $Z_2$ symmetry, one can also have a long lived keV sterile neutrino dark matter in these models. Read More

The presence of a zero texture in the neutrino mass matrix can indicate the presence of an underlying symmetry which can generate neutrino mass and mixing. In this paper, for the first time we study the four-zero textures of the low energy neutrino mass matrix in the presence of an extra light-sterile neutrino i.e. Read More

We study the new physics contributions to neutrinoless double beta decay ($0\nu\beta \beta$) half-life and lepton flavour violation (LFV) amplitude within the framework of the minimal left-right symmetric model (MLRSM). Considering all possible new physics contributions to $0\nu\beta \beta$ and charged lepton flavour violation $\mu \rightarrow e \gamma, \mu \rightarrow 3e$ in MLRSM, we constrain the parameter space of the model from the requirement of satisfying existing experimental bounds. Assuming the breaking scale of the left-right symmetry to be $\mathcal{O}(1)$ TeV accessible at ongoing and near future collider experiments, we consider the most general type I+II seesaw mechanism for the origin of tiny neutrino masses. Read More

We present a minimal left-right dark matter framework that can simultaneously explain the recently observed 3.55 keV X-ray line from several galaxy clusters and gauge coupling unification at high energy scale. Adopting a minimal dark matter strategy, we consider both left and right handed triplet fermionic dark matter candidates which are accidentally stable due to their high $SU(2)$ dimension forbidding their decay into standard model particles. Read More

We study the possibility of explaining the recently reported 750 GeV di-photon excess at LHC within the framework of a left-right symmetric model. The 750 GeV neutral scalar in the model is dominantly an admixture of neutral components of scalar bidoublets with a tiny fraction of neutral scalar triplet. Incorporating $SU(2)$ septuplet scalar pairs into the model, we enhance the partial decay width of the 750 GeV neutral scalar into di-photons through charged septuplet components in loop while keeping the neutral septuplet components as subdominant dark matter candidates. Read More

The recent results of 13 TeV ATLAS and CMS di-photon searches show an excess at di-photon invariant mass of 750 GeV. We look for possible explanation of this within minimal left right symmetric model (MLRSM). The possible candidate is a neutral Higgs of mass 750 GeV that can decay to di-photon via charged Higgs and right handed gauge boson loop. Read More

An anomaly-free U(1) gauge extension of the standard model (SM) is presented. Only one Higgs doublet with a nonzero vacuum expectation is required as in the SM. New fermions and scalars as well as all SM particles transform nontrivially under this U(1), resulting in a model of three active neutrinos and one sterile neutrino, all acquiring radiative masses. Read More

We study all possible neutrino mass matrices with one zero element and two equal non-zero elements, known as hybrid texture neutrino mass matrices. In the diagonal charged lepton basis, we consider thirty nine such possible cases which are consistent with the latest neutrino data. Using the two constraints on neutrino mass matrix elements imposed by hybrid textures, we numerically evaluate the neutrino parameters like the lightest neutrino mass $m_{\text{lightest}}$, one Dirac CP phase $\delta$ and two Majorana CP phases $\alpha, \beta$ by using the global fit $3\sigma$ values of three mixing angles and two mass squared differences. Read More

We study neutrinoless double beta decay in left-right symmetric extension of the standard model with type I and type II seesaw origin of neutrino masses. Due to the enhanced gauge symmetry as well as extended scalar sector, there are several new physics sources of neutrinoless double beta decay in this model. Ignoring the left-right gauge boson mixing and heavy-light neutrino mixing, we first compute the contributions to neutrinoless double beta decay for type I and type II dominant seesaw separately and compare with the standard light neutrino contributions. Read More

We study a type I seesaw model of neutrino masses within the framework of $A_4$ flavor symmetry. Incorporating the presence of both singlet and triplet flavons under $A_4$ symmetry, we construct the leptonic mass matrices involved in type I seesaw mechanism. We then construct the light neutrino mass matrix using the $3\sigma$ values of neutrino oscillation parameters keeping the presently undetermined parameters namely, the lightest neutrino mass $m_{\text{lightest}}$, one Dirac CP phase $\delta$ and two Majorana phases $\alpha, \beta$ as free parameters. Read More

We revisit the possibility of relating lepton mixing angles with lepton mass hierarchies in a model-independent way. Guided by the existence of such relations in the quark sector, we first consider all the mixing angles, both in charged lepton and neutrino sectors to be related to the respective mass ratios. This allows us to calculate the leptonic mixing angles observed in neutrino oscillations as functions of the lightest neutrino mass. Read More

We attempt to simultaneously explain the recently observed 3.55 keV X-ray line in the analysis of XMM-Newton telescope data and the galactic center gamma ray excess observed by the Fermi gamma ray space telescope within an abelian gauge extension of standard model. We consider a two component dark matter scenario with tree level mass difference 3. Read More

We study all possible texture zeros in the Majorana neutrino mass matrix which are allowed from neutrino oscillation as well as cosmology data when the charged lepton mass matrix is assumed to take the diagonal form. In case of one-zero texture, we write down the Majorana phases which are assumed to be equal and the lightest neutrino mass as a function of the Dirac CP phase. In case of two-zero texture, we numerically evaluate all the three CP phases and lightest neutrino mass by solving four real constraint equations. Read More

We study a very specific type of neutrino mass and mixing structure based on the idea of Strong Scaling Ansatz (SSA) where the ratios of neutrino mass matrix elements belonging to two different columns are equal. There are three such possibilities, all of which are disfavored by the latest neutrino oscillation data. We focus on the specific scenario which predicts vanishing reactor mixing angle $\theta_{13}$ and inverted hierarchy with vanishing lightest neutrino mass. Read More

We propose an abelian extension of the Standard Model which can explain the origin of eV scale masses and mixing for active and sterile neutrinos and at the same time providing a natural cold dark matter candidate. One of the three active neutrinos acquires mass at tree level through seesaw mechanism whereas the other two active neutrinos and one sterile neutrino acquire eV scale masses at one-loop level. The model also allows non-trivial mixing between active and sterile neutrinos at one-loop level which could have interesting signatures at neutrino experiments. Read More

We study the possibility of connecting leptonic Dirac CP phase $\delta$, lightest neutrino mass and baryon asymmetry of the Universe within the framework of a model where both type I and type II seesaw mechanisms contribute to neutrino mass. Type I seesaw gives rise to Tri-Bimaximal (TBM) type neutrino mixing whereas type II seesaw acts as a correction in order to generate non-zero $\theta_{13}$. We derive the most general form of type II seesaw mass matrix which can not only give rise to correct neutrino mixing angles but also can generate non-trivial value of $\delta$. Read More

The Fermi gamma ray space telescope data have pointed towards an excess of gamma rays with a peak around $1-3$ GeV in the region surrounding the galactic center. This anomalous excess can be described well by a dark matter candidate having mass in the range $31-40$ GeV annihilating into $b\bar{b}$ pairs with a cross section of $< \sigma v > \simeq (1.4-2. Read More

We study the possibility of generating non-zero reactor mixing angle $\theta_{13}$ by perturbing the $\mu-\tau$ symmetric neutrino mass matrix. The leading order $\mu-\tau$ symmetric neutrino mass matrix originates from type I seesaw mechanism whereas the perturbations to $\mu-\tau$ symmetry originate from type II seesaw term. We consider four different realizations of $\mu-\tau$ symmetry: Bimaximal Mixing(BM), Tri-bimaximal Mixing (TBM), Hexagonal Mixing (HM) and Golden Ratio Mixing (GRM) all giving rise to $\theta_{13} = 0, \theta_{23} = \frac{\pi}{4}$ but different non-zero values of solar mixing angle $\theta_{12}$. Read More

We study the possibility of generating tiny neutrino mass through a combination of type I and type II seesaw mechanism within the framework of an abelian extension of standard model. The model also provides a naturally stable dark matter candidate in terms of the lightest neutral component of a scalar doublet. We compute the relic abundance of such a dark matter candidate and also point out how the strength of type II seesaw term can affect the relic abundance of dark matter. Read More

We discuss the possible origin of non-zero reactor mixing angle $\theta_{13}$ and Dirac CP phase $\delta_{CP}$ in the leptonic sector from a combination of type I and type II seesaw mechanisms. Type I seesaw contribution to neutrino mass matrix is of tri-bimaximal (TBM) type which gives rise to vanishing $\theta_{13}$ leaving the Dirac CP phase undetermined. If the Dirac neutrino mass matrix is assumed to take the diagonal charged lepton type structure, such a TBM type neutrino mass matrix originating from type I seesaw corresponds to real values of Dirac Yukawa couplings in the terms $Y_{ij} \bar{L_i} H N_j$. Read More

Unified models incorporating the right handed neutrino in a symmetric way generically possess parity symmetry. If this is broken spontaneously it results in the formation of domain walls in the early Universe, whose persistence is unwanted. A generic mechanism for destabilisation of such walls is a small pressure difference signalled by difference in the free energy across the walls. Read More

We discuss a class of left-right symmetric models where the light neutrino masses originate dominantly from type I seesaw mechanism along with a sub-dominant type II seesaw contribution. The dominant type I seesaw gives rise to tri-bimaximal type neutrino mixing whereas sub-dominant type II seesaw acts as a small perturbation giving rise to non-zero $\theta_{13}$ in our model which also has TeV scale right-handed neutrinos and $Z^\prime$ gauge boson thereby making the model verifiable at current accelerator experiments. Sub-dominant type II and dominant type I seesaw can be naturally accommodated by allowing spontaneous breaking of D-parity and $SU(2)_R$ gauge symmetry at high scale and allowing TeV scale breaking of $U(1)_{R} \times U(1)_{B-L}$ into $U(1)_Y$. Read More

Sterile neutrinos with sub-electron volt (eV) masses have recently received serious attention due to the tantalizing hints from reactor neutrino experiments as well as cosmology. While the nine year old Wilkinson Mass Anisotropy Probe experiment suggests the effective number of relativistic degrees of freedom to be $N_{\text{eff}} = 3.84 \pm 0. Read More

We study the possibility of generating deviations from tri-bimaximal (TBM) neutrino mixing to explain the non-zero reactor mixing angle within the framework of both type I and type II seesaw mechanisms. The type I seesaw term gives rise to the $\mu-\tau$ symmetric TBM pattern of neutrino mass matrix as predicted by generic flavor symmetry models like $A_4$ whereas the type II seesaw term gives rise to the required deviations from TBM pattern to explain the non-zero $\theta_{13}$. Considering extremal values of Majorana CP phases such that the neutrino mass eigenvalues have the structure $(m_1, -m_2, m_3)$ and $(m_1, m_2, m_3)$, we numerically fit the type I seesaw term by taking oscillation as well as cosmology data and then compute the predictions for neutrino parameters after the type II seesaw term is introduced. Read More

Left right symmetric models (LRSM) are extensions of the standard model by an enlarged gauge group $SU(2)_L \times SU(2)_R \times U(1)_{B-L}$ where automatic inclusion of right handed fermions as $SU(2)_R$ doublets guarantees a natural seesaw origin of neutrino masses. Apart from the extended gauge symmetry, LRSM also has an in-built global discrete symmetry, called D-parity which ensures equal gauge couplings for left and right sectors. Motivated by the fact that global symmetries are expected to be explicitly broken by theories of quantum gravity, here we study the effects of such gravity or Planck scale physics on neutrino masses and mixings by introducing explict D-parity breaking Planck scale suppressed higher dimensional operators. Read More

We study the renormalization group effects on neutrino masses and mixing in Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) by considering a $\mu-\tau$ symmetric mass matrix at high energy scale giving rise to Tri-Bi-Maximal (TBM) type mixing. We outline a flavor symmetry model based on $A_4$ symmetry giving rise to the desired neutrino mass matrix at high energy scale. We take the three neutrino mass eigenvalues at high energy scale as input parameters and compute the neutrino parameters at low energy by taking into account of renormalization group effects. Read More

The baryon to photon ratio in the present Universe is very accurately measured to be $(6.065 \pm 0.090) \times 10^{-10}$. Read More

The nondetection of neutrinos coming from Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs) by the IceCube experiment has raised serious questions on our understanding of GRB's and the mechanism of neutrino flux production in them. Motivated by this and the need for a precise calculation for GRB neutrino flux, here we study the effects of beyond standard model physics on the GRB neutrino flux. In the internal shock model of GRB, high energy neutrinos are expected from muon, pion and kaon decays. Read More

We study the survivability of neutrino mass models with normal as well as inverted hierarchical mass patterns in the presence of both type I and type II seesaw contributions to neutrino mass within the framework of generic left-right symmetric models. At leading order, the Dirac neutrino mass matrix is assumed to be diagonal with either charged lepton (CL) type or up quark (UQ) type structure which gets corrected by non-leading effects giving rise to deviations from tri-bi-maximal (TBM) mixing and hence non-zero value of $\theta_{13}$. Using the standard form of neutrino mass matrix which incorporates such non-leading effects, we parametrize the neutrino mass matrix incorporating both oscillation as well as cosmology data. Read More

Formation of transitory domain walls is quite generic in theories with spontaneous breaking of discrete symmetries. Since these walls are in conflict with cosmology, there has to be some mechanism which makes them disappear. We study one such mechanism by incorporating Planck scale suppressed operators within the framework of Left-Right Symmetric Models (LRSM) where Left-Right parity (D parity) is spontaneously broken. Read More

We present an analysis of normal and inverted hierarchical neutrino mass models within the framework of tri-bi-maximal (TBM) mixing. Considering the neutrinos to be quasi-degenerate (QDN), we study two different neutrino mass models with mass eigenvalues $(m_1, -m_2, m_3)$ and $(m_1, m_2, m_3)$ for both normal hierarchical (NH) and inverted hierarchical (IH) cases. Parameterizing the neutrino mass matrix using best fit oscillation and cosmology data for a QDN scenario, we find the right-handed Majorana mass matrix using type I seesaw formula for two types of Dirac neutrino mass matrices: charged lepton (CL) type and up quark (UQ) type. Read More

We revisit the recently studied supersymmetric gauged inverse seesaw model (An et al., 2012) to incorporate astrophysical constraints on lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) lifetime such that LSP constitutes the dark matter of the Universe. The authors in An et al. Read More

We reconsider the strength of the electroweak phase transition (EWPT) in the inert doublet dark matter model, using a quantitatively accurate form for the one-loop finite temperature effective potential, taking into account relevant particle physics and dark matter constraints, focusing on a standard model Higgs mass near 126 GeV, and doing a full scan of the space of otherwise unconstrained couplings. We find that there is a significant (although fine-tuned) space of parameters for achieving an EWPT sufficiently strong for baryogenesis while satisfying the Xenon100 constraints from direct detection and not exceeding the correct thermal relic density. We predict that the dark matter mass should be in the range 60-67 GeV, and we discuss possible LHC signatures of the charged and CP-odd Higgs bosons, including a 10% decrease of the h -> 2 photon branching ratio. Read More

We study a simple extension of Standard Model where the gauge group is extended by an additional $U(1)_X$ gauge symmetry. Neutrino mass arise both at tree level as well as radiatively by the anomaly free addition of one singlet fermion $N_R$ and two triplet fermions $\Sigma_{1R}, \Sigma_{2R}$ with suitable Higgs scalars. The spontaneous gauge symmetry breaking is achieved in such a way which results in a residual $Z_2$ symmetry and hence providing a stable cold dark matter candidate. Read More

An abelian gauge extension of the Standard Model is proposed with a fourth generation. The fourth generation fermions obtain their masses from a heavier Higgs doublet which makes no tree level contributions to the first three generations masses. Light first three generations neutrino masses continue to have type I seesaw explanation whereas the fourth generation neutrino turns out to be a heavy Dirac neutrino. Read More

We study the compatibility of spontaneous breaking of parity and successful cosmology in a left-right symmetric model where supersymmetry breaking is achieved in metastable vacua. We show that domain walls formed due to this breaking can be removed due to Planck scale suppressed terms, provided the parity breaking scale $M_R$ is constrained to remain smaller than $10^{10}-10^{11}$ GeV. Ensuring metastability is achieved naturally even if the entire mechanism operates at low scales, within a few orders of magnitude of the TeV scale. Read More

Domain wall formation is quite generic in spontaneous Left-Right parity (D-parity) breaking models. Since they are in conflict with cosmology, we need some mechanisms to remove them. Planck scale suppressed effects have been considered to be quite successful for this purpose. Read More

We explore the unification of gauge couplings and fermion masses in two different types of supersymmetric left-right models, one with Higgs triplets and the other with both Higgs triplets as well as bitriplets. The minimal versions of these models do not give rise to the desired unification and some extra fields have to be added. After such a modification, it is possible in one model to get gauged $B-L$ symmetry to be unbroken down to TeV scale. Read More

The different scenarios of spontaneous breaking of D-parity have been studied in both non-supersymmetric and supersymmetric version of the left-right symmetric models(LRSM). We explore the possibility of a TeV scale $SU(2)_R$ breaking scale $M_R$ and hence TeV scale right handed neutrinos from both minimization of the scalar potential as well as the coupling constant unification point of view. We show that although minimization of the scalar potential allows the possibility of a TeV scale $M_R$ and tiny neutrino masses in LRSM with spontaneous D-parity breaking, the gauge coupling unification at a high scale $\sim 10^{16}$ GeV does not favour a TeV scale symmetry breaking except in the supersymmetric left-right (SUSYLR) model with Higgs doublet and bidoublet. Read More

We propose a new supersymmetric left right model with Higgs doublets carrying odd B-L charge, higgs bidoublet and heavy Higgs triplets with zero B-L charge and a set of sterile neutrinos which are singlet under the gauge group. We show that spontaneous parity violation can be achieved naturally in this model and the neutrino masses arise from the so called type III seesaw mechanism. We also discuss the possible phenomenology in the context of neutrino masses and dark matter. Read More