Dawn Erb - University of Wisconsin Milwaukee

Dawn Erb
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Dawn Erb
University of Wisconsin Milwaukee
United States

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Astrophysics (22)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (20)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (11)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (2)
Physics - Physics and Society (1)

Publications Authored By Dawn Erb

Authors: Demitri Muna, Michael Alexander, Alice Allen, Richard Ashley, Daniel Asmus, Ruyman Azzollini, Michele Bannister, Rachael Beaton, Andrew Benson, G. Bruce Berriman, Maciej Bilicki, Peter Boyce, Joanna Bridge, Jan Cami, Eryn Cangi, Xian Chen, Nicholas Christiny, Christopher Clark, Michelle Collins, Johan Comparat, Neil Cook, Darren Croton, Isak Delberth Davids, Éric Depagne, John Donor, Leonardo A. dos Santos, Stephanie Douglas, Alan Du, Meredith Durbin, Dawn Erb, Daniel Faes, J. G. Fernández-Trincado, Anthony Foley, Sotiria Fotopoulou, Søren Frimann, Peter Frinchaboy, Rafael Garcia-Dias, Artur Gawryszczak, Elizabeth George, Sebastian Gonzalez, Karl Gordon, Nicholas Gorgone, Catherine Gosmeyer, Katie Grasha, Perry Greenfield, Rebekka Grellmann, James Guillochon, Mark Gurwell, Marcel Haas, Alex Hagen, Daryl Haggard, Tim Haines, Patrick Hall, Wojciech Hellwing, Edmund Christian Herenz, Samuel Hinton, Renee Hlozek, John Hoffman, Derek Holman, Benne Willem Holwerda, Anthony Horton, Cameron Hummels, Daniel Jacobs, Jens Juel Jensen, David Jones, Arna Karick, Luke Kelley, Matthew Kenworthy, Ben Kitchener, Dominik Klaes, Saul Kohn, Piotr Konorski, Coleman Krawczyk, Kyler Kuehn, Teet Kuutma, Michael T. Lam, Richard Lane, Jochen Liske, Diego Lopez-Camara, Katherine Mack, Sam Mangham, Qingqing Mao, David J. E. Marsh, Cecilia Mateu, Loïc Maurin, James McCormac, Ivelina Momcheva, Hektor Monteiro, Michael Mueller, Roberto Munoz, Rohan Naidu, Nicholas Nelson, Christian Nitschelm, Chris North, Juan Nunez-Iglesias, Sara Ogaz, Russell Owen, John Parejko, Vera Patrício, Joshua Pepper, Marshall Perrin, Timothy Pickering, Jennifer Piscionere, Richard Pogge, Radek Poleski, Alkistis Pourtsidou, Adrian M. Price-Whelan, Meredith L. Rawls, Shaun Read, Glen Rees, Hanno Rein, Thomas Rice, Signe Riemer-Sørensen, Naum Rusomarov, Sebastian F. Sanchez, Miguel Santander-García, Gal Sarid, William Schoenell, Aleks Scholz, Robert L. Schuhmann, William Schuster, Peter Scicluna, Marja Seidel, Lijing Shao, Pranav Sharma, Aleksandar Shulevski, David Shupe, Cristóbal Sifón, Brooke Simmons, Manodeep Sinha, Ian Skillen, Bjoern Soergel, Thomas Spriggs, Sundar Srinivasan, Abigail Stevens, Ole Streicher, Eric Suchyta, Joshua Tan, O. Grace Telford, Romain Thomas, Chiara Tonini, Grant Tremblay, Sarah Tuttle, Tanya Urrutia, Sam Vaughan, Miguel Verdugo, Alexander Wagner, Josh Walawender, Andrew Wetzel, Kyle Willett, Peter K. G. Williams, Guang Yang, Guangtun Zhu, Andrea Zonca

The Astropy Project (http://astropy.org) is, in its own words, "a community effort to develop a single core package for Astronomy in Python and foster interoperability between Python astronomy packages." For five years this project has been managed, written, and operated as a grassroots, self-organized, almost entirely volunteer effort while the software is used by the majority of the astronomical community. Read More

Affiliations: 1NOAO, 2LSST, 3Harvard University, 4UC Santa Cruz, 5U. Washington, 6U. Pittsburgh, 7U. Kansas, 8Carnegie Observatories, 9Northern Arizona U., 10LCOGT, 11NOAO, 12U. Oxford, 13U. Michigan, 14Florida Gulf Coast U., 15IPAC, Caltech, 16Western Washington U., 17LLNL, 18NOAO, 19Fermilab, 20NOAO, 21U. Wisconsin-Milwaukee, 22U. Maryland, 23U. Arizona, 24Rutgers, 25NSO, 26UC Santa Cruz, 27U. Denver, 28Planetary Science Institute, 29Fermilab, 30Columbia U., 31Harvard-Smithsonian CfA, 32Texas A&M University, 33LBNL, 34Carnegie Mellon U., 35SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 36NOAO, 37Harvard-Smithsonian CfA, 38Gemini Observatory, 39Saint Michael's College, 40U. Arizona, 41NOAO, 42UC Santa Cruz, 43Texas Tech U., 44Carnegie Mellon U., 45UC Davis, 46Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, 47Carnegie Institute for Science/Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, 48Planetary Science Institute, 49STScI, 50Penn State U., 51SUNY

The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will be a discovery machine for the astronomy and physics communities, revealing astrophysical phenomena from the Solar System to the outer reaches of the observable Universe. While many discoveries will be made using LSST data alone, taking full scientific advantage of LSST will require ground-based optical-infrared (OIR) supporting capabilities, e.g. Read More

The study of carbon and oxygen abundances yields information on the time evolution and nucleosynthetic origins of these elements, yet remains relatively unexplored. At low metallicities (12+log(O/H) < 8.0), nebular carbon measurements are limited to rest-frame UV collisionally excited emission lines. Read More

Star-forming galaxies form a sequence in the [OIII]/H-beta vs. [NII]/H-alpha diagnostic diagram, with low metallicity, highly ionized galaxies falling in the upper left corner. Drawing from a large sample of UV-selected star-forming galaxies at z~2 with rest-frame optical nebular emission line measurements from Keck-MOSFIRE, we select the extreme ~5% of the galaxies lying in this upper left corner, requiring log([NII]/H-alpha) <= 1. Read More

Authors: Dawn K. Erb1
Affiliations: 1University of Wisconsin Milwaukee

The formation, evolution and death of massive stars release large quantities of energy and momentum into the gas surrounding the sites of star formation. This process, generically termed 'feedback', inhibits further star formation either by removing gas from the galaxy, or by heating it to temperatures that are too high to form new stars. Observations reveal feedback in the form of galactic-scale outflows of gas in galaxies with high rates of star formation, especially in the early Universe. Read More

We report Hubble Space Telescope/Cosmic Origins Spectrograph observations of the Ly$\alpha$ emission and interstellar absorption lines in a sample of ten star-forming galaxies at $z\sim0.2$. Selected on the basis of high equivalent width optical emission lines, the sample, dubbed "Green Peas," make some of the best analogs for young galaxies in an early Universe. Read More

We study the Lya profiles of 36 spectroscopically-detected Lya-emitters (LAEs) at z2-3, using Keck MOSFIRE to measure systemic redshifts and velocity dispersions from rest-frame optical nebular emission lines. The sample has a median optical magnitude R=26.0, and ranges from R23 to R>27, corresponding to rest-frame UV absolute magnitudes M_UV-22 to M_UV>-18. Read More

We study large-scale outflows in a sample of 96 star-forming galaxies at 1Read More

In this contribution we present the first census of oxygen in star-forming galaxies in the local universe. We examine three samples of galaxies with metallicities and star formation rates at z = 0.07, 0. Read More

Although relatively common in the local Universe, only one grand-design spiral galaxy has been spectroscopically confirmed to lie at z>2 (HDFX 28; z=2.011), and may prove to be a major merger that simply resembles a spiral in projection. The rarity of spirals has been explained as a result of disks being dynamically 'hot' at z>2 which may instead favor the formation of commonly-observed clumpy structures. Read More

We analyze rest-frame optical morphologies and gas-phase kinematics as traced by rest-frame far-UV and optical spectra for a sample of 204 star forming galaxies in the redshift range z ~ 2-3 drawn from the Keck Baryonic Structure Survey (KBSS). We find that spectroscopic properties and gas-phase kinematics are closely linked to morphology: compact galaxies with semi-major axis radii r <~ 2 kpc are substantially more likely than their larger counterparts to exhibit LyA in emission. Although LyA emission strength varies widely within galaxies of a given morphological type, all but one of 19 galaxies with LyA equivalent width W_LyA > 20 Angstroms have compact and/or multiple-component morphologies with r <= 2. Read More

We use stellar population synthesis modeling to analyze the host galaxy properties of a sample of 33 UV-selected, narrow-lined active galactic nuclei (AGNs) at z ~ 2 - 3. In order to quantify the contribution of AGN emission to host galaxy broadband spectral energy distributions (SEDs), we use the subsample of 11 AGNs with photometric coverage spanning from rest-frame UV through near-IR wavelengths. Modeling the SEDs of these objects with a linear combination of stellar population and AGN templates, we infer the effect of the AGN on derived stellar population parameters. Read More

We present results from the Keck Baryonic Structure Survey (KBSS), a unique spectroscopic survey designed to explore the connection between galaxies and intergalactic baryons. The KBSS is optimized for the redshift range z ~ 2-3, combining S/N ~ 100 Keck/HIRES spectra of 15 hyperluminous QSOs with densely sampled galaxy redshift surveys surrounding each QSO sightline. We perform Voigt profile decomposition of all 6000 HI absorbers within the full Lya forest in the QSO spectra. Read More

Extended nebulae of Ly-alpha emission ("Ly-alpha blobs") are known to be associated with overdense regions at high redshift. Here we present six large Ly-alpha blobs in a previously known protocluster with galaxy overdensity delta ~ 7 at z = 2.3; this is the richest field of giant Ly-alpha blobs detected to date. Read More

We present first results from the 3D-HST program, a near-IR spectroscopic survey performed with the Wide Field Camera 3 on the Hubble Space Telescope. We have used 3D-HST spectra to measure redshifts and Halpha equivalent widths for a stellar mass-limited sample of 34 galaxies at 110^11 M(sun) in the COSMOS, GOODS, and AEGIS fields. Read More

Increasingly large samples of galaxies are now being discovered at redshifts z~5-6 and higher. Many of these objects are inferred to be young, low in mass, and relatively unreddened, but detailed analysis of their high quality spectra will not be possible until the advent of future facilities. In this paper we shed light on the physical conditions in a plausibly similar low mass galaxy by presenting the analysis of the rest-frame optical and UV spectra of Q2343-BX418, an L* galaxy at z=2. Read More

We use a sample of 90 spectroscopically-confirmed Lyman Break Galaxies with H-alpha and 24 micron observations to constrain the relationship between rest-frame 8 micron luminosity, L(8), and star formation rate (SFR) for L* galaxies at z~2. We find a tight correlation with 0.24 dex scatter between L8 and L(Ha)/SFR for z~2 galaxies with L(IR)~10^10 - 10^12 Lsun. Read More

A galaxy's metallicity provides a record of star formation, gas accretion, and gas outflow, and is therefore one of the most informative measurements that can be made at high redshift. It is also one of the most difficult. I review methods of determining chemical abundances in distant star-forming galaxies, and summarize results for galaxies at 1Read More

We present the results of a photometric and spectroscopic survey of 321 Lyman break galaxies (LBGs) at z ~ 3 to investigate systematically the relationship between Lya emission and stellar populations. Lya equivalent widths (EW) were calculated from rest-frame UV spectroscopy and optical/near-infrared/Spitzer photometry was used in population synthesis modeling to derive the key properties of age, dust extinction, star formation rate (SFR), and stellar mass. We directly compare the stellar populations of LBGs with and without strong Lya emission, where we designate the former group (EW > 20 AA) as Lya emitters (LAEs) and the latter group (EW < 20 AA) as non-LAEs. Read More

High signal-to-noise, representative spectra of star-forming galaxies at z~2, obtained via stacking, reveal a high-velocity component underneath the narrow H-alpha and [NII] emission lines. When modeled as a single Gaussian, this broad component has FWHM > 1500 km/s; when modeled as broad wings on the H-alpha and [NII] features, it has FWHM > 500 km/s. This feature is preferentially found in the more massive and more rapidly star-forming systems, which also tend to be older and larger galaxies. Read More

Recent years have witnessed a substantial increase in our ability to trace the spatially resolved properties of rapidly star-forming galaxies in the high-redshift universe and numerous studies have suggested the importance of turbulent gas-phase kinematics. In this submission to the Astro 2010 Decadal survey we outline some of the major outstanding questions regarding the kinematics and formation history of these galaxies, such as the prevalence of various kinematic models, the relation to lower surface-brightness populations and faint AGN, and the implications for the evolution of gas accretion and cooling mechanisms with redshift. We comment on the capability of future large optical/IR and millimeter wavelength facilities to address these questions. Read More

We present the results of a spectroscopic survey of the kinematic structure of star-forming galaxies at redshift z ~ 2 - 3 using Keck/OSIRIS integral field spectroscopy. Our sample is comprised of 12 galaxies between redshifts z ~ 2.0 and 2. Read More

We present 0.2" resolution near-infrared integral field spectroscopy of H-alpha emission from six star forming galaxies at z~1.6 (look-back time of ~9. Read More

Motivated by the increasing use of the Kennicutt-Schmidt (K-S) star formation law to interpret observations of high redshift galaxies, the importance of gas accretion to galaxy formation, and the recent observations of chemical abundances in galaxies at z~2-3, I use simple analytical models to assess the consistency of these processes of galaxy evolution with observations and with each other. I derive the time dependence of star formation implied by the K-S law, and show that the sustained high star formation rates observed in galaxies at z~2-3 require the accretion of additional gas. A model in which the gas accretion rate is approximately equal to the combined star formation and outflow rates broadly reproduces the observed trends of star formation rate with galaxy age. Read More

(Abridged) We have discovered a strong DLA coincident in redshift with the faint QSO Q2343-BX415 (R = 20.2, z_em = 2.57393). Read More

We present early results from an ongoing study of the kinematic structure of star-forming galaxies at redshift z ~ 2 - 3 using integral-field spectroscopy of rest-frame optical nebular emission lines in combination with Keck laser guide star adaptive optics (LGSAO). We show kinematic maps of 3 target galaxies Q1623-BX453, Q0449-BX93, and DSF2237a-C2 located at redshifts z = 2.1820, 2. Read More

We use a sample of rest-frame UV selected and spectroscopically observed galaxies at redshifts 1.9Read More


We present results from the first robust investigation of galaxy morphology as a function of environment at z>1.5. Our study is motivated by the fact that star-forming galaxies contained within a protocluster at z=2. Read More

Motivated by the irregular and little-understood morphologies of z ~ 2 - 3 galaxies, we use non-parametric coefficents to quantify the morphologies of 216 galaxies which have been spectroscopically confirmed to lie at redshifts z = 1.8 - 3.4 in the GOODS-N field. Read More


We present the results of a spectroscopic survey with the Keck I telescope of more than 280 star-forming galaxies and AGN at redshifts 1.4Read More

We present the results of rest-frame ultraviolet spectroscopic observations of a sample of 14 z~3 star-forming galaxies in the SSA22a field. These spectra are characterized by unprecedented depth in the Lyman-continuum region. For the first time, we have detected escaping ionizing radiation from individual galaxies at high redshift, with two of the 14 objects showing significant emission below the Lyman limit. Read More

Using H-alpha spectra of 114 rest-frame UV-selected galaxies at z~2, we compare inferred star formation rates (SFRs) with those determined from the UV continuum luminosity. After correcting for extinction using standard techniques based on the UV continuum slope, we find excellent agreement between the indicators, with = 31 Msun/yr and = 29 Msun/yr. The agreement between the indicators suggests that the UV luminosity is attenuated by an typical factor of ~4. Read More

We present analysis of the near-infrared spectra of 114 rest-frame UV-selected star-forming galaxies at z~2. By combining the H-alpha spectra with photometric measurements from observed 0.3--8 micron, we assess the relationships between kinematics, dynamical masses, inferred gas fractions, and stellar masses and ages. Read More

Using very deep Spitzer/MIPS 24 micron observations, we present an analysis of the bolometric luminosities (L[bol]) and UV extinction properties of more than 200 spectroscopically identified, optically selected (UGR) z~2 galaxies in the GOODS-N field. The large spectroscopic sample is supplemented with near-IR selected (BzK/DRG) galaxies and submm sources at similar redshifts in the same field, providing a representative collection of relatively massive (M*>1e10 Msun) galaxies at high redshifts. We focus on the redshift range 1. Read More

Affiliations: 1CfA, 2Princeton, 3IoA, 4Caltech, 5Caltech, 6McKinsey
Category: Astrophysics

We use a sample of 87 rest-frame UV-selected star-forming galaxies with mean spectroscopic redshift z=2.26 to study the correlation between metallicity and stellar mass at high redshift. Using stellar masses determined from SED fitting to 0. Read More

We investigate the ability of infrared integral-field spectrographs to map the velocity fields of high redshift galaxies, presenting a formalism which may be applied to any telescope and imaging spectrograph system. We discuss the 5-sigma limiting line fluxes which current integral-field spectrographs will reach, and extend this discussion to consider future large aperture telescopes with cryogenically cooled adaptive reimaging optics. In particular, we simulate observations of spectral line emission from star-forming regions at redshifts z = 0. Read More

Using the extensive multi-wavelength data in the GOODS-North field, we construct and draw comparisons between samples of optical and near-IR selected star-forming and passively evolving galaxies at redshifts 1.4Read More

We present the broad-band UV through mid-infrared spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of a sample of 72 spectroscopically-confirmed star-forming galaxies at z=2.30+/-0.3. Read More

We have discovered a highly significant over-density of galaxies at z=2.300+/-0.015 in the course of a redshift survey designed to select star-forming galaxies in the redshift range z=2. Read More

We obtained deep 8.5'x8.5' near-infrared images within four high-redshift survey fields, measured the Ks magnitudes of 300 optically selected galaxies with spectroscopic redshift 1. Read More

We present near-IR spectra of H-alpha emission from 13 galaxies at z~2 in the GOODS-N field. The galaxies were selected primarily because they appear to have elongated morphologies, and slits were aligned with the major axes (as determined from the rest-frame UV emission) of 11 of the 13. If the galaxies are elongated because they are highly inclined, alignment of the slit and major axis should maximize the observed velocity and reveal velocity shear, if present. Read More

Few galaxies have been found between the redshift ranges z < ~1 probed by magnitude-limited surveys and z > ~3 probed by Lyman-break surveys. Comparison of galaxy samples at lower and higher redshift suggests that large numbers of stars were born and the Hubble sequence began to take shape at the intermediate redshifts 1Read More

We present near-infrared spectroscopy of H-alpha emission lines in a sample of 16 star-forming galaxies at redshifts 2.0Read More

Photometric and spectroscopic observations of the candidate cataclysmic variable KUV03580+0614, independently found from the Hamburg survey as HS0357+0614, reveal this to be a cataclysmic variable with an orbital period of 3.4 hrs. CVs with periods in this range are usually novalikes belonging to the SW Sex or Intermediate Polar categories. Read More