David Parker - University of Birmingham

David Parker
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Name
David Parker
Affiliation
University of Birmingham
City
Edgbaston
Country
United Kingdom

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Physics - Superconductivity (17)
 
Physics - Materials Science (14)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (6)
 
Computer Science - Logic in Computer Science (4)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (2)
 
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
 
Quantum Physics (1)
 
Mathematical Physics (1)
 
Physics - General Physics (1)
 
Physics - Classical Physics (1)
 
Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory (1)
 
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)
 
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
 
Physics - Optics (1)
 
Computer Science - Multiagent Systems (1)
 
Physics - Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics (1)

Publications Authored By David Parker

Quantum oscillations in the binary antiferromagnetic metal FeAs are presented and compared to theoretical predictions for the electronic band structure in the anomalous spin density wave state of this material. Demonstrating a new method for growing single crystals out of Bi flux, we utilize the highest quality FeAs to perform torque magnetometry experiments up to 35 T, using rotations of field angle in two planes to provide evidence for one electron and one hole band in the magnetically ordered state. The resulting picture agrees with previous experimental evidence for multiple carriers at low temperatures, but the exact Fermi surface shape disagrees with predictions, suggesting correlations play a role in deviation from ab initio theory and cause up to a four-fold enhancement in the effective electron mass. Read More

Granular materials are complex multi-particle ensembles in which macroscopic properties are largely determined by inter-particle interactions between their numerous constituents. In order to understand and to predict their macroscopic physical behavior, it is necessary to analyze the composition and interactions at the level of individual contacts and grains. To do so requires the ability to image individual particles and their local configurations to high precision. Read More

Combined scanning tunneling microscopy, spectroscopy and local barrier height (LBH) studies show that low-temperature-cleaved optimally-doped Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2 crystals with x=0.06, with Tc = 22 K, have complicated morphologies. Although the cleavage surface and hence the morphologies are variable, the superconducting gap maps show the same gap widths and nanometer size inhomogeneities irrelevant to the morphology. Read More

2016Dec
Affiliations: 1Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, 2Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, 3Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, 4Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 5Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, 6The Ames Laboratory, US Department of Energy, Iowa State University, 7Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, 8Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University

ZrMnP and HfMnP single crystals are grown by a self-flux growth technique and structural as well as temperature dependent magnetic and transport properties are studied. Both compounds have an orthorhombic crystal structure. ZrMnP and HfMnP are ferromagnetic with Curie temperatures around $370$~K and $320$~K respectively. Read More

Identifying and characterizing systems with coupled and competing interactions is central to the development of physical models that can accurately describe and predict emergent behavior in condensed matter systems. This work demonstrates that the metallic compound CuFe$_2$Ge$_2$ has competing magnetic ground states, which are shown to be strongly coupled to the lattice and easily manipulated using temperature and applied magnetic fields. Temperature-dependent magnetization $M$ measurements reveal a ferromagnetic-like onset at 228(1)\,K and a broad maximum in $M$ near 180\,K. Read More

We investigate the thermodynamic and transport properties of silver-substituted BaFe2As2 (122) crystals, up to ~4.5%. Similar to other transition-metal substitutions in 122, Ag diminishes the antiferromagnetic (TN) and structural (TS) transition temperatures, but unlike other electron-doped 122s, TN and TS coincide without splitting. Read More

Superconductivity is observed with critical temperatures near 9K in the tetragonal compound Mo5PB2. This material adopts the Cr5B3 structure type common to supercondcuting Nb5Si3-xBx, Mo5SiB2, and W5SiB2, which have critical temperatures of 5.8-7. Read More

We report thermodynamic and transport properties, and also theoretical calculations, for Cu-based compound Ca2Cu6P5 and compare with CaCu(2-x)P2. Both materials have layers of edge-sharing copper pnictide tetrahedral CuP4, similar to Fe-As and Fe-Se layers (with FeAs4, FeSe4) in the iron-based superconductors. Despite the presence of this similar transition-metal pnictide layer, we find that both Ca2Cu6P5 and CaCu(2-x)P2 have temperature-independent magnetic susceptibility and show metallic behavior with no evidence of either magnetic ordering or superconductivity down to 1. Read More

Crystallographic and magnetic properties of Fe5PB2, Fe4CoPB2, Fe4MnPB2, Fe5SiB2, Fe4CoSiB2, and Fe4MnSiB2 are reported. All adopt the tetragonal Cr5B3 structure-type and are ferromagnetic at room temperature with easy axis of magnetization along the c-axis. The spin reorientation in Fe5SiB2 is observed as an anomaly in the magnetization near 170 K, and is suppressed by substitution of Co or Mn for Fe. Read More

Single crystals of Fe5B2P were grown by self-flux growth technique. Structural and magnetic properties are studied. The Curie temperature of Fe5B2P is determined to be 655$pm$2K. Read More

We propose automated techniques for the verification and control of probabilistic real-time systems that are only partially observable. To formally model such systems, we define an extension of probabilistic timed automata in which local states are partially visible to an observer or controller. We give a probabilistic temporal logic that can express a range of quantitative properties of these models, relating to the probability of an event's occurrence or the expected value of a reward measure. Read More

We study theoretically the effects of anisotropy on the thermoelectric performance of $p$-type AgBiSe$_2$. We present an apparent realization of the thermoelectric benefits of one-dimensional "plate-like" carrier pocket anisotropy in the valence band of this material. Based on first principles calculations we find a substantial anisotropy in the electronic structure, likely favorable for thermoelectric performance, in the valence bands of the hexagonal phase of the silver chalcogenide thermoelectric AgBiSe$_2$, while the conduction bands are more isotropic, and in our experiments do not attain high performance. Read More

2015Apr
Affiliations: 1Queen Mary, University of London, 2University of Oxford, 3University of Oxford, 4University of Birmingham, 5University of Oxford

We propose novel controller synthesis techniques for probabilistic systems modelled using stochastic two-player games: one player acts as a controller, the second represents its environment, and probability is used to capture uncertainty arising due to, for example, unreliable sensors or faulty system components. Our aim is to generate robust controllers that are resilient to unexpected system changes at runtime, and flexible enough to be adapted if additional constraints need to be imposed. We develop a permissive controller synthesis framework, which generates multi-strategies for the controller, offering a choice of control actions to take at each time step. Read More

Understanding the role of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) has been crucial to controlling magnetic anisotropy in magnetic multilayer films. It has been shown that electronic structure can be altered via interface SOC by varying the superlattice structure, resulting in spontaneous magnetization perpendicular or parallel to the plane. In lieu of magnetic thin films, we study the similarly anisotropic helimagnet Cr$_{1/3}$NbS$_2$, where the spin polarization direction, controlled by the applied magnetic field, can modify the electronic structure. Read More

Thermoelectric performance is of interest for numerous applications such as waste heat recovery and solid state energy conversion, and will be seen to be closely connected to topological insulator behavior. In this context we here report first principles transport and defect calculations for Bi$_{2}$Te$_{2}$Se in relation to Bi$_{2}$Te$_{3}$. The two compounds are found to contain remarkably different electronic structures in spite of being isostructural and isoelectronic. Read More

We present a general framework for applying machine-learning algorithms to the verification of Markov decision processes (MDPs). The primary goal of these techniques is to improve performance by avoiding an exhaustive exploration of the state space. Our framework focuses on probabilistic reachability, which is a core property for verification, and is illustrated through two distinct instantiations. Read More

Novel or unusual magnetism is a subject of considerable interest, particularly in metals and degenerate semiconductors. In such materials the interplay of magnetism, transport and other Fermi liquid properties can lead to fascinating physical behavior. One example is in magnetic semiconductors, where spin polarized currents may be controlled and used. Read More

We present an analysis of the thermoelectric properties of of $n$-type GeTe and SnTe in relation to the lead chalcogenides PbTe and PbSe. We find that the singly degenerate conduction bands of semiconducting GeTe and SnTe are highly non-ellipsoidal, even very close to the band edges. This leads to isoenergy surfaces with a strongly corrugated shape that is clearly evident at carrier concentrations well below 0. Read More

We demonstrate that a proton irradiation with fluences of $3.6\times10^{10}$/cm$^{2}$ at low energy ($<$ 36 MeV) and $1.46 \times 10^{10}$/cm$^{2}$ at high energy (40 MeV and 90 MeV combined) on the dielectric mirrors of Fabry-P\'erot cavities with a finesse of about 700 000 causes less than 5% change in the finesse. Read More

We investigate the thermoelectric properties of ${\beta}$-FeSi$_{\text2}$ using first principles electronic structure and Boltzmann transport calculations. We report a high thermopower for both \textit{p}- and \textit{n}-type ${\beta}$-FeSi$_{\text2}$ over a wide range of carrier concentration and in addition find the performance for \textit{n}-type to be higher than for the \textit{p}-type. Our results indicate that, depending upon temperature, a doping level of 3$\times10{^{20}}$ - 2$\times10{^{21}}$ cm${^{-3}}$ may optimize the thermoelectric performance. Read More

We present a strategic analysis of a trust model that has recently been proposed for promoting cooperative behaviour in user-centric networks. The mechanism for cooperation is based on a combination of reputation and virtual currency schemes in which service providers reward paying customers and punish non-paying ones by adjusting their reputation, and hence the price they pay for services. We model and analyse this system using PRISM-games, a tool that performs automated verification and strategy synthesis for stochastic multi-player games using the probabilistic alternating-time temporal logic with rewards (rPATL). Read More

High thermoelectric performance in oxides requires stable conductive materials that have suitable band structures. Here we show based on an analysis of the thermopower and related properties using first-principles calculations and Boltzmann transport theory that hole doped Cu2O may be such a material. We find that hole-doped Cu2O has a high thermopower of above 200 microV/K even with doping levels as high as 5. Read More

Reduced dimensionality has long been regarded as an important strategy for increasing thermoelectric performance, for example in superlattices and other engineered structures. Here we point out and illustrate by examples that three dimensional bulk materials can be made to behave as if they were two dimensional from the point of view of thermoelectric performance. Implications for the discovery of new practical thermoelectrics are discussed. Read More

2012Oct
Affiliations: 1Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, UK, 2Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, UK, 3CICS-NC, Asheville, NC, 4NOAA NCDC, Asheville, NC, 5NOAA NCDC, Asheville, NC, 6NCAR, Boulder, CO, 7Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, UK, 8NOAA NCDC, Asheville, NC

[Abridged] This paper describes the creation of HadISD: an automatically quality-controlled synoptic resolution dataset of temperature, dewpoint temperature, sea-level pressure, wind speed, wind direction and cloud cover from global weather stations for 1973--2011. The full dataset consists of over 6000 stations, with 3427 long-term stations deemed to have sufficient sampling and quality for climate applications requiring sub-daily resolution. As with other surface datasets, coverage is heavily skewed towards Northern Hemisphere mid-latitudes. Read More

We present first principles calculations of the phonon dispersions of Bi2Te3 and discuss these in relation to the acoustic phonon interface scattering in ceramics. The phonon dispersions show agreement with what is known from neutron scattering for the optic modes. We find a difference between the generalized gradient approximation and local density results for the acoustic branches. Read More

The relationship between vacancy ordering and magnetism in TlFe1.6Se2 has been investigated via single crystal neutron diffraction, nuclear forward scattering, and transmission electron microscopy. The examination of chemically and structurally homogenous crystals allows the true ground state to be revealed, which is characterized by Fe moments lying in the ab-plane below 100K. Read More

Multi-objective probabilistic model checking provides a way to verify several, possibly conflicting, quantitative properties of a stochastic system. It has useful applications in controller synthesis and compositional probabilistic verification. However, existing methods are based on linear programming, which limits the scale of systems that can be analysed and makes verification of time-bounded properties very difficult. Read More

If a Hamiltonian is PT symmetric, there are two possibilities: Either the eigenvalues are entirely real, in which case the Hamiltonian is said to be in an unbroken-PT-symmetric phase, or else the eigenvalues are partly real and partly complex, in which case the Hamiltonian is said to be in a broken-PT-symmetric phase. As one varies the parameters of the Hamiltonian, one can pass through the phase transition that separates the unbroken and broken phases. This transition has recently been observed in a variety of laboratory experiments. Read More

We present an analysis of the potential thermoelectric performance of p-type AgGaTe$_{2}$, which has already shown a $ZT$ of 0.8 with partial optimization, and observe that the same band structure features, such as a mixture of light and heavy bands and isotropic transport, that lead to this good performance are present in certain other ternary chalcopyrite structure semiconductors. We find that optimal performance of AgGaTe$_2$ will be found for hole concentrations between 4 $\times 10^{19}$ and 2 $\times 10^{20}$cm$^{-3}$ at 900 K, and 2 $\times 10^{19}$ and 10$^{20}$ cm$^{-3}$ at 700 K, and that certain other chalcopyrite semiconductors might show good thermoelectric performance at similar doping ranges and temperatures if not for higher lattice thermal conductivity. Read More

The Michelson-Morley experiment led Einstein to introduce the concept of spacetime and to propose that all of the laws of physics are Lorentz invariant. However, so far only the Lorentz invariance of electromagnetism has been convincingly confirmed. I would like to propose a new way to explain the Michelson-Morley experiment that retains the Lorentz invariance of Maxwell's equations without requiring the other laws of physics to be Lorentz invariant. Read More

Since the original proposal of an unconventional chiral order parameter in the ruthenate perovskite superconductor Sr$_{2}$RuO$_{4}$, much attention has been given to the possibility of out-of-plane nodal lines on the predominant $\gamma$ cylindrical Fermi surface given evidence for low-lying quasiparticle excitations in this material. Here I propose a tunneling spectroscopy experiment to determine whether such nodal lines in fact exist. Read More

We focus on inelastic neutron scattering in $URu_2Si_2$ and argue that observed gap in the fermion spectrum naturally leads to the spin feature observed at energies $\omega_{res} = 4-6 meV$ at momenta at $\bQ^* = (1\pm 0.4, 0,0)$. We discuss how spin features seen in $URu_2Si_2$ can indeed be thought of in terms of {\em spin resonance} that develops in HO state and is {\em not related} to superconducting transition at 1. Read More

The discovery of the new class of pnictide superconductors has engendered a controversy about their pairing symmetry, with proposals ranging from an extended s-wave or "s$_{\pm}$" symmetry to nodal or nodeless d-wave symmetry to still more exotic order parameters such as p-wave. In this paper, building on the earlier, similar work performed for the cuprates, we propose several phase-sensitive Josephson interferometry experiments, each of which may allow resolution of the issue. Read More

There is still significant debate about the symmetry of the order parameter in the heavy-fermion superconductor UPd$_{2}$Al$_{3}$, with proposals for cos(k3), cos(2k3), sin(k3),and exp(i\phi) sin(k3). Here we analyze the tunneling spectroscopy of this compound and demonstrate that the experimental results by Jourdan et al are inconsistent with the last two order parameters, which are expected to show zero-bias conductance peaks. We propose a definitive tunneling experiment to distinguish between the first two order parameters. Read More

It is usually believed that a coherence peak just below T$_{c}$ in the nuclear spin lattice relaxation rate T$_{1}^{-1}$ in superconducting materials is a signature of conventional s-wave pairing. In this paper we demonstrate that any unconventional superconductor obeying BCS pure-case weak-coupling theory should show a small T$_{1}^{-1}$ coherence peak near T$_{c}$, generally with a height between 3 and 15 percent greater than the normal state T$_{1}^{-1}$ at T$_{c}$. It is largely due to impurity effects that this peak has not commonly been observed. Read More

We study the effect of impurity scattering in the unitarity limit on the A and B phase superconductivity in PrOs4Sb12. We take the triplet superconducting order parameters and the impurity scattering is treated within the standard theory. We find the quasiparticle density of states and thermodynamics are very sensitive to the impurity scattering. Read More

Since the discovery of high-Tc cuprate superconductivity in 1986 many new experimental techniques and theoretical concepts have been developed. In particular it was shown that the BCS theory of d-wave superconductivity describes semi-quantitatively the high-Tc superconductivity. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that Volovik's approach is extremely useful for finding the quasiparticle properties in the vortex state. Read More

In the last few years the gap symmetries of many new superconductors,including Sr$_2$RuO$_4$, CeCoIn$_5$, $\kappa$-(ET)$_{2}$Cu(NCS)$_{2}$, YNi$_{2}$B$_{2}$C and PrOs$_{4}$Sb$_{12}$, have been identified via angle-dependent magnetothermal conductivity measurements. However, a controversy still persists as to the nature of the superconductivity in Sr$_2$RuO$_4$. For PrOs$_{4}$Sb$_{12}$, spin-triplet superconductivity has recently been proposed. Read More

Recently the superconducting gap functions of the skutterudite PrOs$_4$Sb$_{12}$ have been proposed [K. Maki et al, Europhys. Lett. Read More

There is mounting evidence for triplet superconductivity in the recently discovered skutterudite compound PrOs_4Sb_12. In this work, we propose nodal order parameters for the A- and B-phases of this superconductor which are consistent with angle dependent magnetothermal conductivity measurements and with low-temperature thermal conductivity data in the range T > 150 mK. The quasiparticle density of states and the thermal conductivity kappa_zz are derived within the quasiclassical approximation. Read More