D. Turner - St. Mary University

D. Turner
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D. Turner
St. Mary University
San Antonio
United States

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Pub Categories

Astrophysics of Galaxies (32)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (24)
Physics - Space Physics (5)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (4)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (4)
Physics - Plasma Physics (4)
Physics - Geophysics (3)
Physics - Chemical Physics (3)
Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (2)
Quantum Physics (1)
Computer Science - Numerical Analysis (1)
Computer Science - Computational Engineering; Finance; and Science (1)
Physics - Fluid Dynamics (1)
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)
Physics - Computational Physics (1)
Physics - Biological Physics (1)
Quantitative Biology - Biomolecules (1)
Nuclear Experiment (1)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)

Publications Authored By D. Turner

Careful analyses of photometric and star count data available for the nine putative young clusters identified by Camargo et al. (2015, 2016) at high Galactic latitudes reveal that none of the groups contain early-type stars, and most are not significant density enhancements above field level. 2MASS colours for stars in the groups match those of unreddened late-type dwarfs and giants, as expected for contamination by (mostly) thin disk objects. Read More

Affiliations: 1Padova University, 2St. Mary University, 3St. Mary University, 4Universidad de La Plata, 5Universidad de La Plata, 6Universidad de La Plata

Photometric CCD {\it UBVI}$_C$ photometry obtained for 4860 stars surrounding the embedded southern cluster SAI~113 (Skiff~8) is used to examine the reddening in the field and derive the distance to the cluster and nearby van~Genderen~1. Spectroscopic color excesses for bright cluster stars, photometric reddenings for A3 dwarfs, and dereddening of cluster stars imply that the reddening and extinction laws match results derived for other young clusters in Carina: E$_{U-B}/$E$_{B-V} \simeq 0.64$ and $R_V \simeq 4$. Read More

Nowadays different experimental techniques, such as single molecule or relaxation experiments, can provide dynamic properties of biomolecular systems, but the amount of detail obtainable with these methods is often limited in terms of time or spatial resolution. Here we use state-of-the-art computational techniques, namely atomistic molecular dynamics and Markov state models, to provide insight into the rapid dynamics of short RNA oligonucleotides, in order to elucidate the kinetics of stacking interactions. Analysis of multiple microsecond-long simulations indicates that the main relaxation modes of such molecules can consist of transitions between alternative folded states, rather than between random coils and native structures. Read More

Affiliations: 1Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 3Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 4Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 5Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 6Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 7Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 8Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 9National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

We present the 3.5-yr monitoring results of 225 GHz opacity at the summit of the Greenland ice sheet (Greenland Summit Camp) at an altitude of 3200 m using a tipping radiometer. We chose this site as our submillimeter telescope (Greenland Telescope; GLT) site, because its location offers favorable baselines to existing submillimeter telescopes for global-scale VLBI. Read More

Near-infrared color-excess and extinction ratios are essential for establishing the cosmic distance scale and probing the Galaxy, particularly when analyzing targets attenuated by significant dust. A robust determination of those ratios followed from leveraging new infrared observations from the VVV survey, wherein numerous bulge RR Lyrae and Type II Cepheids were discovered, in addition to $BVJHK_{s}(3.4\rightarrow22)\mu m$ data for classical Cepheids and O-stars occupying the broader Galaxy. Read More

Foreshock disturbances -- large-scale (~1000 km to >30,000 km), transient (~5-10 per day - lasting ~10s of seconds to several minutes) structures [1,2] - generated by suprathermal (>100 eV to 100s of keV) ions [3,4] arise upstream of Earth's bow shock formed by the solar wind colliding with the Earth's magnetosphere. They have recently been found to accelerate ions to energies of several keV [5,6]. Although electrons in Saturn's high Mach number (M > 40) bow shock can be accelerated to relativistic energies (nearly 1000 keV) [7], it has hitherto been thought impossible to accelerate electrons at the much weaker (M < 20) Earth's bow shock beyond a few 10s of keV [8]. Read More

The Polarized Electrons for Polarized Positrons experiment at the injector of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility has demonstrated for the first time the efficient transfer of polarization from electrons to positrons produced by the polarized bremsstrahlung radiation induced by a polarized electron beam in a high-$Z$ target. Positron polarization up to 82\% have been measured for an initial electron beam momentum of 8.19~MeV/$c$, limited only by the electron beam polarization. Read More

Recent results by the Van Allen Probes mission showed that the occurrence of energetic ion injections inside geosynchronous orbit could be very frequent throughout the main phase of a geomagnetic storm. Understanding, therefore, the formation and evolution of energetic particle injections is critical in order to quantify their effect in the inner magnetosphere. We present a case study of a substorm event that occurred during a weak storm $\textit{ Dst }$ $\sim$ -40nT on 14 July 2013. Read More

Field reddenings are summarized for 68 Cepheids from published studies and updated results presented here. The compilation forms the basis for a comparison with other published reddening scales of Cepheids, including those established from reddening-independent indices, photometry on the Lick six-color system, Str\"{o}mgren system, Walraven system, Washington system, Cape $BVI$ system, DDO system, and Geneva system, IRSB studies, and Cepheid spectroscopy, both old and new. Reddenings tied to period-color relations are the least reliable, as expected, while photometric color excesses vary in precision, their accuracy depending on the methodology and calibration sample. Read More

Affiliations: 1ESO, Chile, 2Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg, Russia, 3Universidad de La Plata, Argentina, 4St. Mary University, Halifax, Canada

Multi-color photometry of the stellar populations in five fields in the third Galactic quadrant centred on the clusters NGC 2215, NGC 2354, Haffner 22, Ruprecht 11, and ESO489SC01 is interpreted in terms of a warped and flared Galactic disk, without resort to an external entity such as the popular Monoceros or Canis Major overdensities. Except for NGC 2215, the clusters are poorly or unstudied previously. The data generate basic parameters for each cluster, including the distribution of stars along the line of sight. Read More

We use the currently most complete collection of reliable Cepheid positions (565 stars) out to ~5 kpc based mostly on our photometric data to outline the spiral pattern of our Galaxy. We find the pitch-angle to be equal to 9--10 degrees with the most accurate estimate (i=9.5 +/-0. Read More

The Flexible Image Transport System (FITS) standard has been a great boon to astronomy, allowing observatories, scientists and the public to exchange astronomical information easily. The FITS standard is, however, showing its age. Developed in the late 1970s the FITS authors made a number of implementation choices for the format that, while common at the time, are now seen to limit its utility with modern data. Read More

This study aims to increase awareness concerning the pernicious effects of photometric contamination (crowding/blending), since it can propagate an undesirable systematic offset into the cosmic distance scale. The latest Galactic Cepheid W_VIc and Spitzer calibrations were employed to establish distances for classical Cepheids in IC 1613 and NGC 6822, thus enabling the impact of photometric contamination to be assessed in concert with metallicity. Distances (W_VIc, [3. Read More

We propose a nonlocal strain measure for use with digital image correlation (DIC). Whereas the traditional notion of compatibility (strain as the derivative of the displacement field) is problematic when the displacement field varies substantially either because of measurement noise or material irregularity, the proposed measure remains robust, well-defined and invariant under rigid body motion. Moreover, when the displacement field is smooth, the classical and nonlocal strain are in agreement. Read More

Using multipoint observations we show, for the first time, that Foreshock Bubbles (FBs) have a global impact on Earth's magnetosphere. We show that an FB, a transient kinetic phenomenon due to the interaction of backstreaming suprathermal ions with a discontinuity, modifies the total pressure upstream of the bow shock showing a decrease within the FB's core and sheath regions. Magnetosheath plasma is accelerated towards the the intersection of the FB's current sheet with the bow shock resulting in fast, sunward, flows as well as outward motion of the magnetopause. Read More

The nature of Galactic interstellar extinction is tested using reddening line parameters for several fields in conjunction with equivalent widths $W(\lambda4430)$ for the diffuse interstellar band at $4430$ \AA. The Cardelli et al.$\;$relations [29] at infrared, optical, and ultraviolet wavelengths are inconsistent with the newly-derived quadratic variation of $R_V({\rm observed})$ on reddening slope $X$. Read More

While pressure balance can predict how far the magnetopause will move in response to an upstream pressure change, it cannot determine how fast the transient reponse will be. Using Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS), we present multipoint observations revealing, for the first time, strong (thermal + magnetic) pressure gradients in the magnetosheath due to a foreshock transient, most likely a Hot Flow Anomaly (HFA), which decreased the total pressure upstream of the bow shock. By converting the spacecraft time series into a spatial picture, we quantitatively show that these pressure gradients caused the observed acceleration of the plasma, resulting in fast sunward magnetosheath flows ahead of a localised outward distortion of the magnetopause. Read More

Andrews-Lindsay 1 is a pertinent open cluster granted it may host the planetary nebula PHR 1315-6555, yet ambiguities linger concerning its fundamental parameters (>50% scatter). New multiband BVJHW(1-4) photometry for cluster and field stars, in concert with observations of recently discovered classical Cepheids, were used to constrain the reddening and velocity-distance profiles along the sight-line. That analysis yielded the following parameters for the cluster: E(J-H)=0. Read More

A new compilation of UBV data for stars near the Cepheid S Vul incorporates BV observations from APASS and NOMAD to augment UBV observations published previously. A reddening analysis yields mean colour excesses and distance moduli for two main groups of stars in the field: the sparse cluster Turner 1 and an anonymous background group of BA stars. The former appears to be 1. Read More

Fundamental parameters characterizing the end-state of intermediate-mass stars may be constrained by discovering planetary nebulae (PNe) in open clusters (OCs). Cluster membership may be exploited to establish the distance, luminosity, age, and physical size for PNe, and the intrinsic luminosity and mass of its central star. Four potential PN-OC associations were investigated, to assess the cluster membership for the PNe. Read More

New and existing X-ray, UBVJHKsW(1-4), and spectroscopic observations were analyzed to constrain fundamental parameters for M25, NGC 7790, and dust along their sight-lines. The star clusters are of particular importance given they host the classical Cepheids U Sgr, CF Cas, and the visual binary Cepheids CEa and CEb Cas. Precise results from the multiband analysis, in tandem with a comprehensive determination of the Cepheids' period evolution (dP/dt) from ~140 years of observations, helped resolve concerns raised regarding the clusters and their key Cepheid constituents. Read More

The nature of our Milky Way Galaxy is reexamined from an eclectic point of view. Evidence for a central bar, for example, is not reflected in the distribution of RR Lyrae variables in the central bulge [4,5], and it is not clear if either a 2-armed or 4-armed spiral pattern is appropriate for the spiral arms. Radial velocity mapping of the Galaxy using radio H I, H II, or CO observations is compromised by the assumptions adopted for simple Galactic rotation. Read More

Recent interest in the role of quantum mechanics in the primary events of photosynthetic energy transfer has led to a convergence of nonlinear optical spectroscopy and quantum optics on the topic of energy-transfer dynamics in pigment-protein complexes. The convergence of these two communities has unveiled a mismatch between the background and terminology of the respective fields. To make connections, we provide a pedagogical guide to understanding the basics of two-dimensional electronic spectra aimed at researchers with a background in quantum optics. Read More

The determination of pulsation mode and distance for field Cepheids is a complicated problem best resolved by a luminosity estimate. For illustration a technique based on spectroscopic luminosity discrimination is applied to the 4.47d s-Cepheid FF Aql. Read More

The form and metallicity-dependence of Spitzer mid-infrared Cepheid relations are a source of debate. Consequently, Spitzer 3.6 and 4. Read More

Affiliations: 1ESO-Chile, 2St. Mary University, 3St Mary University, 4La Plata

A new X-ray, {\it UBVR}$I_c$, and {\it JHK$s$} study of the young cluster Westerlund 2 was undertaken to resolve discrepancies tied to the cluster's distance. Existing spectroscopic observations for bright cluster members and new multi-band photometry imply a reddening relation towards Westerlund~2 described by $E_{U-B}/E_{B-V}=0.63 + 0. Read More

Cepheids are key to establishing the cosmic distance scale. Therefore it's important to assess the viability of QZ Nor, V340 Nor, and GU Nor as calibrators for Leavitt's law via their purported membership in the open cluster NGC 6067. The following suite of evidence confirms that QZ Nor and V340 Nor are members of NGC 6067, whereas GU Nor likely lies in the foreground: (i) existing radial velocities for QZ Nor and V340 Nor agree with that established for the cluster (-39. Read More

We present the first quantified measure of the rate of energy dissipated per unit volume by high frequency electromagnetic waves in the transition region of the Earth's collisionless bow shock using data from the THEMIS spacecraft. Every THEMIS shock crossing examined with available wave burst data showed both low frequency (< 10 Hz) magnetosonic-whistler waves and high frequency (> 10 Hz) electromagnetic and electrostatic waves throughout the entire transition region and into the magnetosheath. The waves in both frequency ranges had large amplitudes, but the higher frequency waves, which are the focus of this study, showed larger contributions to both the Poynting flux and the energy dissipation rates. Read More

In this paper, we consider the flow of an incompressible fluid in a deformable porous solid. We present a mathematical model using the framework offered by the theory of interacting continua. In its most general form, this framework provides a mechanism for capturing multiphase flow, deformation, chemical reactions and thermal processes, as well as interactions between the various physics in a conveniently implemented fashion. Read More

A previously-derived photometric parallax of 10.10+-0.20 mas, d=99+-2 pc, is confirmed for Polaris by a spectroscopic parallax derived using line ratios in high dispersion spectra for the Cepheid. Read More

Classical Cepheids remain a cornerstone of the cosmic distance scale, and thus characterizing the dependence of their light amplitude on metallicity is important. Period-amplitude diagrams constructed for longer-period classical Cepheids in IC 1613, NGC 3109, SMC, NGC 6822, LMC, and the Milky Way imply that very metal-poor Cepheids typically exhibit smaller V-band amplitudes than their metal-rich counterparts. The results provide an alternate interpretation relative to arguments for a null and converse metallicity dependence. Read More

Electronic energy transfer in photosynthesis occurs over a range of time scales and under a variety of intermolecular coupling conditions. Recent work has shown that electronic coupling between chromophores can lead to coherent oscillations in two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy measurements of pigment-protein complexes measured with femtosecond laser pulses. A persistent issue in the field is to reconcile the results of measurements performed using femtosecond laser pulses with physiological illumination conditions. Read More

Affiliations: 1ASIAA, 2ASIAA, 3ASIAA, 4ASIAA, 5ASIAA, 6ASIAA, 7SAO, 8National Severe Storms Laboratory, 9HIA

We report the latest results of 225 GHz atmospheric opacity measurements from two arctic sites; one on high coastal terrain near the Eureka weather station, on Ellesmere Island, Canada, and the other at the Summit Station near the peak of the Greenland icecap. This is a campaign to search for a site to deploy a new telescope for submillimeter Very Long Baseline Interferometry and THz astronomy in the northern hemisphere. Since 2011, we have obtained 3 months of winter data near Eureka, and about one year of data at the Summit Station. Read More

A photometric UBV survey is presented for 610 stars in a region surrounding the Cepheid AQ Puppis and centered southwest of the variable, based upon photoelectric measures for 14 stars and calibrated iris photometry of photographic plates of the field for 596 stars. An analysis of reddening and distance for program stars indicates that the major dust complex in this direction is ~1.8 kpc distant, producing differential extinction described by a ratio of total-to-selective extinction of R=Av/E(B-V)=3. Read More

Affiliations: 1ESO-Chile, 2St. Mary University, 3St. Mary University, 4LaPlata

Evidence is presented indicating that the young star cluster Westerlund~2 lies $d_{\odot}\sim3.0$ kpc in the direction of Carina. The distance is tied partly to new $UBVRI_c$ photometry and revised spectral classifications for cluster stars, which imply that dust in the direction of Carina is characterized by an anomalous extinction law ($R_V\sim3. Read More

Acquiring near-infrared K-band (2.2 um) photometry for RR Lyrae variables in globular clusters and nearby galaxies is advantageous since the resulting distances are less impacted by reddening and metallicity. However, K-band photometry for RR Lyrae variables in M5, Reticulum, M92, omega Cen, and M15 display clustercentric trends. Read More

This paper corrects and completes a previous study of the shape of the extinction curve in the visible and the value of Rv. A continuous visible/infrared extinction law proportional to 1/{\lambda}^p with p close to 1 ({\pm}0.4) is indistinguishable from a perfectly linear law (p = 1) in the visible within observational precision, but the shape of the curve in the infrared can be substantially modified. Read More

Modeling important engineering problems related to flow-induced damage (in the context of hydraulic fracturing among others) depends critically on characterizing the interaction of porous media and interstitial fluid flow. This work presents a new formulation for incorporating the effects of pore pressure in a nonlocal representation of solid mechanics. The result is a framework for modeling fluid-structure interaction problems with the discontinuity capturing advantages of an integral based formulation. Read More

RR Lyrae variables and the stellar constituents of globular clusters are employed to establish the cosmic distance scale and age of the universe. However, photometry for RR Lyrae variables in the globular clusters M3, M15, M54, M92, NGC2419, and NGC6441 exhibit a dependence on the clustercentric distance. For example, variables and stars positioned near the crowded high-surface brightness cores of the clusters may suffer from photometric contamination, which invariably affects a suite of inferred parameters (e. Read More

New X-ray (XMM-Newton) and JHKs (OMM) observations for members of the star cluster Alessi 95, which Turner et al.(2012) discovered hosts the classical Cepheid SU Cas, were used in tandem with UCAC3 (proper motion) and 2MASS observations to determine precise cluster parameters: E(J-H)=0.08+-0. Read More

The parameters for the newly-discovered open cluster Alessi 95 are established on the basis of available photometric and spectroscopic data, in conjunction with new observations. Colour excesses for spectroscopically-observed B and A-type stars near SU Cas follow a reddening relation described by E(U-B)/E(B-V)=0.83+0. Read More

New and existing CORAVEL, UBVJHKs, HST, HIP/Tycho, ARO, KPNO, and DAO observations imply that the fundamental Cepheid calibrator Zeta Gem is a cluster member. The following parameters were inferred for Zeta Gem from cluster membership and are tied to new spectral classifications (DAO) established for 26 nearby stars (e.g. Read More

New and existing UBVJHKs, spectroscopic, NOMAD, HST, and revised HIP observations are employed to determine properties for delta Cep and its host star cluster. The multi-faceted approach ensured that uncertainties were mitigated (~2%). The following fundamental parameters were inferred for delta Cep: E(B-V)=0. Read More

Existing photometry for NGC 2264 tied to the Johnson and Morgan (1953) UBV system is reexamined and, in the case of the original observations by Walker (1956), reanalyzed in order to generate a homogeneous data set for cluster stars. Color terms and a Balmer discontinuity effect in Walker's observations were detected and corrected, and the homogenized data were used in a new assessment of the cluster reddening, distance, and age. Average values of E(B-V)=0. Read More

Approximately 14% of known Galactic open clusters possess absolute errors 20% as evaluated from n>3 independent distance estimates, and the statistics for age estimates are markedly worse. That impedes such diverse efforts as calibrating standard candles and constraining masses for substellar companions. New data from the VVV survey may be employed to establish precise cluster distances with comparatively reduced uncertainties (<10%). Read More

Preliminary constraints are placed on a cluster of YSOs (J2000 02:54:31.4 +69:20:32.5) discovered in the field of the classical Cepheid SU Cas. Read More

Evidence is presented which supports findings that the classical Cepheid VIc period-Wesenheit function is relatively insensitive to metallicity. The viability of a recently advocated strong metallicity dependence was evaluated by applying the proposed correction (gamma=-0.8 mag/dex) to distances established for the Magellanic Clouds via a Galactic VIc Wesenheit calibration, which is anchored to ten nearby classical Cepheids with measured HST parallaxes. Read More

The putative association between the 10.8 d classical Cepheid TW Nor and the open cluster Lynga 6 has generated considerable debate in the literature. New JHKs photometry in tandem with existing radial velocities for Lynga 6 stars imply cluster membership for TW Nor, and establish the variable as a high-weight calibrator for classical Cepheid relations. Read More

The likely membership of the planetary nebula Abell 8 (PN G167.0--00.9) in the open cluster Bica 6 is confirmed by CCD spectra, UBV(RI)c photometry, and radial velocities for luminous cluster stars. Read More

A reanalysis of the (seemingly very distant) open cluster Shorlin 1, the group of stars associated with WR 38 and WR 38a, is made on the basis of existing UBV and JHKs observations for cluster members. The 2MASS observations, in particular, imply a mean cluster reddening of E(B-V)=1.45+-0. Read More