D. Mueller - Ruhr-University Bochum

D. Mueller
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D. Mueller
Ruhr-University Bochum

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (29)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (13)
Nuclear Experiment (7)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (6)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (4)
Nuclear Theory (4)
Astrophysics (3)
Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (3)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
Mathematics - Classical Analysis and ODEs (1)
Mathematics - Analysis of PDEs (1)
Physics - Computational Physics (1)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
Statistics - Applications (1)
Physics - Materials Science (1)
Physics - Space Physics (1)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
Physics - Physics Education (1)
Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (1)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)

Publications Authored By D. Mueller

Context. Solar observatories are providing the world-wide community with a wealth of data, covering large time ranges, multiple viewpoints, and returning large amounts of data. In particular, the large volume of SDO data presents challenges: it is available only from a few repositories, and full-disk, full-cadence data for reasonable durations of scientific interest are difficult to download practically due to their size and download data rates available to most users. Read More

A search for the production of a single top quark in association with a Higgs boson is performed using the decay $\text{H} \to \text{b} \bar{\text{b}}$. The rate of this Higgs production mode is particularly sensitive to the relative sign of the Higgs boson couplings to fermions and bosons. The 2015 pp collisions data at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV are analyzed. Read More

Hybrid structures synthesized from different materials have attracted considerable attention because they may allow not only combination of the functionalities of the individual constituents but also mutual control of their properties. To obtain such a control an interaction between the components needs to be established. For coupling the magnetic properties, an exchange interaction has to be implemented which typically depends on wave function overlap and is therefore short-ranged, so that it may be compromised across the interface. Read More

The existing QCD predictions for the Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering (DVCS) depend on the convention used for the skewedness parameter and on the reference frame used to define helicity amplitudes. These ambiquities are formally power-suppressed but numerically significant. They are cancelled by finite-$t$ and target mass corrections that have been calculated recently to the $1/Q^2$ accuracy. Read More

An introductory to generalized parton distributions is given which emphasizes their spectral property and its uses as well as the equivalence of various GPD representations. Furthermore, the status of the theory and phenomenology of hard exclusive processes is shortly reviewed. Read More

We carry out the first complete calculation of kinematic power corrections $\sim t/Q^2$ and $\sim m^2/Q^2$ to several key observables in Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering. The issue of convention dependence of the leading twist approximation is discussed in detail. In addition we work out representations for the higher twist corrections in terms of double distributions, Mellin-Barnes integrals and also within a dissipative framework. Read More

We utilize H1 and ZEUS data for exclusive electroproduction of photons, $\rho^0$- and $\phi$-mesons to access generalized parton distributions at small momentum fraction. To do so, we employ state-of-the art techniques, based on next-to-leading order perturbation theory, flexible model parametrization, and Bayesian inference. We provide a partonic interpretation of our analysis, where emphasize is given to the transverse distribution of sea quarks and gluons. Read More

Based on the collinear factorization approach, we present a comprehensive perturbative next-to-leading (NLO) analysis of deeply virtual meson production (DVMP). Our representation in conformal Mellin space can serve as basis for a global fitting procedure to access generalized parton distributions from experimental measurements of DVMP and deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS). We introduce a rather general formalism for the evaluation of conformal moments that can be developed further beyond the considered order. Read More

Several observables for the deeply virtual Compton scattering process have been simulated in the kinematic regime of a proposed Electron-Ion Collider to explore the possible impact of such measurements for the phenomenological access of generalized parton distributions. In particular, emphasis is given to the transverse distribution of sea quarks and gluons and how such measurements can provide information on the angular momentum sum rule. The exact lepton energy loss dependence for the unpolarized $t$-differential electroproduction cross section, needed for a Rosenbluth separation, is also reported. Read More

We report on the status of the phenomenological access of generalized parton distributions from photon and meson electroproduction off proton. Thereby, we emphasize the role of HERMES data for deeply virtual Compton scattering, which allows us to map various asymmetries into the space of Compton form factors. Read More

We utilize the DVCS asymmetry measurements of the HERMES collaboration for access to Compton form factors in the deeply virtual regime and to generalized parton distributions. In particular, the (almost) complete measurement of DVCS observables allows us to map various asymmetries into the space of Compton form factors, where we still rely in this analysis on dominance of twist-two associated Compton form factors. We compare this one-to-one map with local Compton form factor fits and a model dependent global fit. Read More

We address the question of interpolation of the virtual Compton scattering process off a polarized nucleon target between the deeply virtual regime for the initial-state photon and its near on-shell kinematics making use of the photon helicity-dependent Compton Form Factors (CFFs) as a main ingredient of the formalism. The five-fold differential cross section for the reaction with all possible polarization options for the lepton and nucleon spins is evaluated in terms of CFFs in the rest reference frame of the initial-state nucleon. We suggest a rather simple parametrization of the Compton hadronic tensor in terms of CFFs which are free from kinematical singularities and are directly related, at large photon virtualities, to Generalized Parton Distributions. Read More

The heliosphere represents a uniquely accessible domain of space, where fundamental physical processes common to solar, astrophysical and laboratory plasmas can be studied under conditions impossible to reproduce on Earth and unfeasible to observe from astronomical distances. Solar Orbiter, the first mission of ESA's Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 programme, will address the central question of heliophysics: How does the Sun create and control the heliosphere? In this paper, we present the scientific goals of the mission and provide an overview of the mission implementation. Read More

We suggest a classification scheme for parton distribution models, clarify the geometrical origin of unintegrated parton distribution relations, which were observed in various models, present new model relations, and provide for a so-called "spherical" model the analogous constraints for generalized parton distributions. Our findings suggest that various classes of uPDF and GPD models can be obtained from effective two-body light-cone wave functions. Read More

We report on the access of generalized parton distributions (GPDs) from deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) measurements. We also point out that such measurements at a proposed high-luminosity electron-ion collider (EIC) provide insight in both the transverse distribution of sea quarks and gluons as well as the proton spin decomposition. Read More

We show to next-to-leading order accuracy in the strong coupling alpha_s how the collinear factorization properties of QCD in the generalized Bjorken regime relate exclusive amplitudes for spacelike and timelike hadronic processes. This yields simple space--to--timelike relations linking the amplitudes for electroproduction of a photon or meson to those for photo- or meso-production of a lepton pair. These relations constitute a new test of the relevance of leading twist analyzes of experimental data. Read More

Relying on the collinear factorization approach, we demonstrate that H1 and ZEUS measurements of exclusive light vector meson and photon electroproduction cross sections can be simultaneously described for photon virtualities of $Q >2 GeV$. Our findings reveal that quark exchanges are important in this small $x_{Bj}$ region and that in leading order approximation the gluonic skewness ratio is much smaller than one. Read More

We describe a method, based on neural networks, of revealing Compton form factors in the deeply virtual region. We compare this approach to standard least-squares model fitting both for a simplified toy case and for HERMES data. Read More

Neural networks are utilized to fit Compton form factor H to HERMES data on deeply virtual Compton scattering off unpolarized protons. We used this result to predict the beam charge-spin assymetry for muon scattering off proton at the kinematics of the COMPASS II experiment. Read More

We employ models from effective two-body light-cone wave functions (LCWFs) to provide a link between generalized parton distributions (GPDs) and unintegrated parton distribution functions (uPDFs). Since we utilize the underlying Lorentz symmetry, GPDs can be entirely obtained from the parton number conserved LCWF overlaps. This also allows us to derive model constraints among GPDs. Read More

The Be/X-ray binary A0535+26 showed a giant outburst in December 2009 that reached ~5.14 Crab in the 15-50 keV range. Unfortunately, due to Sun constraints it could not be observed by most X-ray satellites. Read More

We have generated a parametrization of the Compton form factor (CFF) H based on data from deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) using neural networks. This approach offers an essentially model-independent fitting procedure, which provides realistic uncertainties. Furthermore, it facilitates propagation of uncertainties from experimental data to CFFs. Read More

We discuss modeling of generalized parton distributions (GPDs), their access from present experiments, and the phenomenological potential of an electron-ion collider. In particular, we present a comparison of phenomenological models of GPD H, extracted from hard exclusive meson and photon production. Specific emphasis is given to the utilization of evolution effects at moderate x_Bj in a future high-luminosity experiment within a larger Q^2 lever arm. Read More

We analyse an eleven-orbit inspiral of a non-spinning black-hole binary with mass ratio q=M1/M2=4. The numerically obtained gravitational waveforms are compared with post-Newtonian (PN) predictions including several sub-dominant multipoles up to multipolar indices (l=5,m=5). We find that (i) numerical and post-Newtonian predictions of the phase of the (2,2) mode accumulate a phase difference of about 0. Read More

Authors: The HERMES Collaboration, A. Airapetian, N. Akopov, Z. Akopov, E. C. Aschenauer, W. Augustyniak, R. Avakian, A. Avetissian, E. Avetisyan, S. Belostotski, N. Bianchi, H. P. Blok, A. Borissov, J. Bowles, I. Brodski, V. Bryzgalov, J. Burns, M. Capiluppi, G. P. Capitani, E. Cisbani, G. Ciullo, M. Contalbrigo, P. F. Dalpiaz, W. Deconinck, R. De Leo, L. De Nardo, E. De Sanctis, M. Diefenthaler, P. Di Nezza, M. Dueren, M. Ehrenfried, G. Elbakian, F. Ellinghaus, A. Fantoni, L. Felawka, S. Frullani, D. Gabbert, G. Gapienko, V. Gapienko, F. Garibaldi, G. Gavrilov, V. Gharibyan, F. Giordano, S. Gliske, M. Golembiovskaya, C. Hadjidakis, M. Hartig, D. Hasch, G. Hill, A. Hillenbrand, M. Hoek, Y. Holler, I. Hristova, Y. Imazu, A. Ivanilov, H. E. Jackson, A. Jgoun, H. S. Jo, S. Joosten, R. Kaiser, G. Karyan, T. Keri, E. Kinney, A. Kisselev, N. Kobayashi, V. Korotkov, V. Kozlov, B. Krauss, P. Kravchenko, V. G. Krivokhijine, L. Lagamba, R. Lamb, L. Lapikas, I. Lehmann, P. Lenisa, L. A. Linden-Levy, A. Lopez Ruiz, W. Lorenzon, X. -G. Lu, X. -R. Lu, B. -Q. Ma, D. Mahon, N. C. R. Makins, S. I. Manaenkov, L. Manfre, Y. Mao, B. Marianski, A. Martinez de la Ossa, H. Marukyan, C. A. Miller, A. Movsisyan, V. Muccifora, M. Murray, D. Mueller, A. Mussgiller, E. Nappi, Y. Naryshkin, A. Nass, M. Negodaev, W. -D. Nowak, L. L. Pappalardo, R. Perez-Benito, N. Pickert, M. Raithel, P. E. Reimer, A. R. Reolon, C. Riedl, K. Rith, G. Rosner, A. Rostomyan, J. Rubin, D. Ryckbosch, Y. Salomatin, F. Sanftl, A. Schaefer, G. Schnell, K. P. Schueler, B. Seitz, T. -A. Shibata, V. Shutov, M. Stancari, M. Statera, E. Steffens, J. J. M. Steijger, H. Stenzel, J. Stewart, F. Stinzing, S. Taroian, A. Terkulov, A. Trzcinski, M. Tytgat, A. Vandenbroucke, P. B. Van der Nat, Y. Van Haarlem, C. Van Hulse, D. Veretennikov, V. Vikhrov, I. Vilardi, C. Vogel, S. Wang, S. Yaschenko, Z. Ye, S. Yen, W. Yu, D. Zeiler, B. Zihlmann, P. Zupranski

Azimuthal asymmetries in exclusive electroproduction of a real photon from a longitudinally polarized deuterium target are measured with respect to target polarization alone and with respect to target polarization combined with beam helicity and/or beam charge. The asymmetries appear in the distribution of the real photons in the azimuthal angle $\phi$ around the virtual photon direction, relative to the lepton scattering plane. The asymmetries arise from the deeply virtual Compton scattering process and its interference with the Bethe-Heitler process. Read More

We discuss the complexity of GPD phenomenology, comment on the technological needs for a global analysis, and report on model and neural network fits to the photon electroproduction off unpolarized proton. We also point out that Radyushkin's double distribution ansatz is a `holographic' GPD model. Read More

We present gravitational waveforms for the last orbits and merger of black-hole-binary (BBH) systems along two branches of the BBH parameter space: equal-mass binaries with equal non-precessing spins, and nonspinning unequal-mass binaries. The waveforms are calculated from numerical solutions of Einstein's equations for black-hole binaries that complete between six and ten orbits before merger. Along the equal-mass spinning branch, the spin parameter of each BH is $\chi_i = S_i/M_i^2 \in [-0. Read More

Generalized parton distributions of the nucleon are accessed via exclusive leptoproduction of the real photon. While earlier analytical considerations of phenomenological observables were restricted to twist-three accuracy, i.e. Read More

We report new statistical time-series analysis tools providing significant improvements in the rapid, precision extraction of discrete state dynamics from large databases of experimental observations of molecular machines. By building physical knowledge and statistical innovations into analysis tools, we demonstrate new techniques for recovering discrete state transitions buried in highly correlated molecular noise. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach on simulated and real examples of step-like rotation of the bacterial flagellar motor and the F1-ATPase enzyme. Read More

Certain numerical frameworks used for the evolution of binary black holes make use of a gamma driver, which includes a damping factor. Such simulations typically use a constant value for damping. However, it has been found that very specific values of the damping factor are needed for the calculation of unequal mass binaries. Read More

High flux expansion divertor studies have been carried out in the National Spherical Torus Experiment using steady-state X-point height variations from 22 to 5-6 cm. Small-ELM H-mode confinement was maintained at all X-point heights. Divertor flux expansions from 6 to 26-28 were obtained, with associated reduction in X-point connection length from 5-6 m to 2 m. Read More

Moving puncture simulations of black hole binaries rely on a specific gauge choice that leads to approximately stationary coordinates near each black hole. Part of the shift condition is a damping parameter, which has to be properly chosen for stable evolutions. However, a constant damping parameter does not account for the difference in mass in unequal mass binaries. Read More

We present the first analytical inspiral-merger-ringdown gravitational waveforms from binary black holes (BBHs) with non-precessing spins, that is based on a description of the late-inspiral, merger and ringdown in full general relativity. By matching a post-Newtonian description of the inspiral to a set of numerical-relativity simulations, we obtain a waveform family with a conveniently small number of physical parameters. These waveforms will allow us to detect a larger parameter space of BBH coalescence, including a considerable fraction of precessing binaries in the comparable-mass regime, thus significantly improving the expected detection rates. Read More

We analyze small-x DVCS data using flexible GPD models and compare our outcome with the full Shuvaev transformation. We point out that the full Shuvaev transform is a model that is equivalent to a conformal GPD and a minimalist ``dual'' parameterization. Some mathematical subtleties of conformal representations are recalled. Read More

Based on Regge-inspired arguments and counting rules, we formulate empirical models for zero-skewness generalized parton distributions (GPDs) ${\widetilde H}^{(3)}$ and ${\widetilde E}^{(3)}$ in the iso-vector sector. If a hypothetical $a_1/\rho_2$ master trajectory is taken into account, we find that the polarized deep inelastic structure function $g_1^{(3)}$, axial-vector form factor, pseudoscalar form factor, and lattice data are well described. Thereby, we use a symmetric valence scenario in which the `spin puzzle' in the iso-vector sector is trivially resolved. Read More

Across all disciplines that work with image data - from astrophysics to medical research and historic preservation - there is a growing need for efficient ways to browse and inspect large sets of high-resolution images. We present the development of a visualization software for solar physics data based on the JPEG 2000 image compression standard. Our implementation consists of the JHelioviewer client application that enables users to browse petabyte-scale image archives and the JHelioviewer server, which integrates a JPIP server, metadata catalog and an event server. Read More

We give a partonic interpretation for the deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) measurements of the H1 and ZEUS collaborations in the small-x_B region in terms of generalized parton distributions. Thereby we have a closer look at the skewness effect, parameterization of the t-dependence, revealing the chromomagnetic pomeron, and at a model dependent access to the anomalous gravitomagnetic moment of nucleon. We also quantify the reparameterization of generalized parton distributions resulting from the inclusion of radiative corrections up to next-to-next-to-leading order. Read More

We investigate the relation between Trees of Fragmenting Granules (TFGs) and the locations of concentrated magnetic flux in internetwork areas. The former have previously been identified with mesogranulation. While a relationship has been suggested to exist between these features, no direct evidence has yet been provided. Read More

Black hole binaries on non-eccentric orbits form an important subclass of gravitational wave sources, but it is a non-trivial issue to construct numerical initial data with minimal initial eccentricity for numerical simulations. We compute post-Newtonian orbital parameters for quasi-spherical orbits using the method of Buonanno, Chen and Damour (2006) and examine the resulting eccentricity in numerical simulations. Four different methods are studied resulting from the choice of Taylor-expanded or effective-one-body Hamiltonians, and from two choices for the energy flux. Read More


gamma-rays following the B and B-n decay of the very neutron rich 84Ga produced by photo-fission of 238U have been studied at the newly built ISOL facility of IPN Orsay: ALTO. Two activities were observed and assigned to two B-decaying states: 84gGa, I = (0\^-) and 84mGa, I = (3\^-, 4\^-). Excitation energies of the 2+1 and 4+1 excited states of 84Ge were measured at E(2+1) = 624. Read More

We calculate the differential cross section for real photon electroproduction off spinless hadron which sevres as a main probe of the hadrons structure via the concept of generalized parton distributions. Compared to previously available computations performed with twist-three power accuracy, we exactly accounted for all kinematical effects in hadron mass and momentum transfer which arise from leptonic helicity amplitudes. We performed numerical studies of these kinematical effects and demonstrated that in the valence quark region and rather low virtualities of the hard photon which sets the factorization scale, the available approximate results significantly overestimate the cross section rates in comparison to exact formulas. Read More

We describe small-x_Bj deeply virtual Compton scattering measurements at HERA in terms of generalized parton distributions at leading order of perturbation series. Read More

In deeply virtual exclusive electroproduction to leading order accuracy one accesses generalized parton distributions on their cross-over trajectory. Combining Lorentz covariance and analyticity leads to a family of GPD sum rules, guiding us to phenomenological concepts. As an example, we discuss the constraints from the JLAB/Hall A data on the GPD $E$. Read More

Let S be a Damek-Ricci space and L be a distinguished left invariant Laplacian on S. We prove pointwise estimates for the convolution kernels of spectrally localized wave operators associated with L. This generalizes previous results proved by D. Read More

To leading order approximation, the physical content of generalized parton distributions (GPDs) that is accessible in deep virtual electroproduction of photons or mesons is contained in their value on the cross-over trajectory. This trajectory separates the t-channel and s-channel dominated GPD regions. The underlying Lorentz covariance implies correspondence between these two regions through their relation to GPDs on the cross-over trajectory. Read More

Bald patches are magnetic topologies in which the magnetic field is concave up over part of a photospheric polarity inversion line. A bald patch topology is believed to be the essential ingredient for filament channels and is often found in extrapolations of the observed photospheric field. Using an analytic source-surface model to calculate the magnetic topology of a small bipolar region embedded in a global magnetic dipole field, we demonstrate that although common in closed-field regions close to the solar equator, bald patches are unlikely to occur in the open-field topology of a coronal hole. Read More

Authors: J. Bartels1, K. Borras2, M. Diehl3, H. Jung4, H. Abramowicz5, J. Albacete6, L. Alvarez-Gaume7, J. Alvarez-Muniz8, R D. Ball9, J. Bartels10, K. Belov, J. Bluemer, J. Bluemlein, A. Bonato, M. Braun, P. Brogueira, G. C Trinchero, R. Conceicao, J-R. Cudell, J Dainton, A. De Roeck, M. Deile, J. Dias de Deus, R. Engel, M C. Espirito Santo, C. Ewerz, R. Fabbri, V. Fadin, P. Falgari, L. Fanò, E. Ferreira, J Forshaw, S. Forte, L. Frankfurt, H. G Dosch, C. Gomez, K. Golec-Biernat, S. Goloskokov, K. Goulianos, G. Gustafson, A. Hamilton, C E. Hyde, M. Islam, D. Ivanov, R. J Luddy, L. Jenkovsky, J. Kaspar, A. Kaidalov, O. Kepka, V. Khoze, M. Klein, B Z. Kopeliovich, A. Kovner, H. Kowalski, M. Kozlov, J. Kretzschmar, K. Kumericki, V. Kundrat, P. L Iafelice, P. Laycock, A. Lengyel, E. Levin, A. Levy, L. Lipatov, M. Lokajicek, J. Londergan, A. Luszczak, V L. Lyuboshitz, D. Mueller, A D. Martin, E. Martynov, S. Marzani, E. Meggiolaro, S. Munier, O. Nachtmann, T. Namsoo, P. Newman, B. Nicolescu, J. Nystrand, K. Passek-Kumericki, T. Pierog, A. Pilkington, M. Pimenta, B. Pire, B Povh, D. Roehrich, C. Royon, M G. Ryskin, A. Sabio Vera, M. Salvadore, C. Sbarra, F. Schuessler, R. Schicker, I. Schmidt, L. Schoeffel, F. Schwennsen, M. Segond, O V. Selyugin, M. Seymour, A. Shoshi, A. Stasto, M. Strikman, B. Surrow, A P. Szczepaniak, A. Szczurek, L. Szymanowski, M. Tasevsky, A. Tavanfar, M. Togawa, A. Tricomi, R. Ulrich, M. Unger, V. V Lyuboshitz, M A. Vazquez-Mozo, G P. Vacca, A. von Manteuffel, M I. Vyazovsky, S. Wallon, G. Watt, C. Weiss, K. Werner, B W. Xiao
Affiliations: 1Univ. Hamburg, 2DESY, 3DESY, 4DESY, 5Univ. Hamburg, 6Univ. Hamburg, 7Univ. Hamburg, 8Univ. Hamburg, 9Univ. Hamburg, 10Univ. Hamburg

Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Elastic and Diffractive Scattering (Blois Workshop) - Forward Physics and QCD Read More

We present novel evidence for a fine structure observed in the net-circular polarization (NCP) of a sunspot penumbra based on spectropolarimetric measurements utilizing the Zeeman sensitive FeI 630.2 nm line. For the first time we detect a filamentary organized fine structure of the NCP on spatial scales that are similar to the inhomogeneities found in the penumbral flow field. Read More

Based on a field theoretically inspired model of light-cone wave functions, we derive valence-like generalized parton distributions and their double distributions from the wave function overlap in the parton number conserved s-channel. The parton number changing contributions in the t-channel are restored from duality. In our construction constraints of positivity and polynomiality are simultaneously satisfied and it also implies a model dependent relation between generalized parton distributions and transverse momentum dependent parton distribution functions. Read More

We employ a 3-dimensional magnetohydrostatic model of a horizontal flux tube, embedded in a magnetic surrounding atmosphere, to successfully reproduce the azimuthal and center-to-limb variations of the Net Circular Polarization observed in sunspot penumbrae. This success is partly due to the realistic modeling of the interaction between the flux tube and the surrounding magnetic field. Read More