D. Lawrence - JHU/APL

D. Lawrence
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D. Lawrence
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JHU/APL
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Nuclear Experiment (9)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (9)
 
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (6)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (5)
 
Mathematics - Geometric Topology (1)
 
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)
 
Astrophysics (1)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)

Publications Authored By D. Lawrence

2017Jan
Authors: GlueX Collaboration, H. Al Ghoul, E. G. Anassontzis, A. Austregesilo, F. Barbosa, A. Barnes, T. D. Beattie, D. W. Bennett, V. V. Berdnikov, T. Black, W. Boeglin, W. J. Briscoe, W. K. Brooks, B. E. Cannon, O. Chernyshov, E. Chudakov, V. Crede, M. M. Dalton, A. Deur, S. Dobbs, A. Dolgolenko, M. Dugger, R. Dzhygadlo, H. Egiyan, P. Eugenio, C. Fanelli, A. M. Foda, J. Frye, S. Furletov, L. Gan, A. Gasparian, A. Gerasimov, N. Gevorgyan, K. Goetzen, V. S. Goryachev, L. Guo, H. Hakobyan, J. Hardin, A. Henderson, G. M. Huber, D. G. Ireland, M. M. Ito, N. S. Jarvis, R. T. Jones, V. Kakoyan, M. Kamel, F. J. Klein, R. Kliemt, C. Kourkoumeli, S. Kuleshov, I. Kuznetsov, M. Lara, I. Larin, D. Lawrence, W. I. Levine, K. Livingston, G. J. Lolos, V. Lyubovitskij, D. Mack, P. T. Mattione, V. Matveev, M. McCaughan, M. McCracken, W. McGinley, J. McIntyre, R. Mendez, C. A. Meyer, R. Miskimen, R. E. Mitchell, F. Mokaya, K. Moriya, F. Nerling, G. Nigmatkulov, N. Ochoa, A. I. Ostrovidov, Z. Papandreou, M. Patsyuk, R. Pedroni, M. R. Pennington, L. Pentchev, K. J. Peters, E. Pooser, B. Pratt, Y. Qiang, J. Reinhold, B. G. Ritchie, L. Robison, D. Romanov, C. Salgado, R. A. Schumacher, C. Schwarz, J. Schwiening, A. Yu. Semenov, I. A. Semenova, K. K. Seth, M. R. Shepherd, E. S. Smith, D. I. Sober, A. Somov, S. Somov, O. Soto, N. Sparks, M. J. Staib, J. R. Stevens, I. I. Strakovsky, A. Subedi, V. Tarasov, S. Taylor, A. Teymurazyan, I. Tolstukhin, A. Tomaradze, A. Toro, A. Tsaris, G. Vasileiadis, I. Vega, N. K. Walford, D. Werthmuller, T. Whitlatch, M. Williams, E. Wolin, T. Xiao, J. Zarling, Z. Zhang, B. Zihlmann, V. Mathieu, J. Nys

We report measurements of the photon beam asymmetry $\Sigma$ for the reactions $\vec{\gamma}p\to p\pi^0$ and $\vec{\gamma}p\to p\eta $ from the GlueX experiment using a 9 GeV linearly-polarized, tagged photon beam incident on a liquid hydrogen target in Jefferson Lab's Hall D. The asymmetries, measured as a function of the proton momentum transfer, possess greater precision than previous $\pi^0$ measurements and are the first $\eta$ measurements in this energy regime. The results are compared with theoretical predictions based on $t$-channel, quasi-particle exchange and constrain the axial-vector component of the neutral meson production mechanism in these models. Read More

An estimate is made of the thickness of the radar-bright deposits in craters near to the north pole of Mercury. To construct an objective set of craters for this measurement, an automated crater finding algorithm is developed and applied to a digital elevation model based on data from the Mercury Laser Altimeter on board the MESSENGER spacecraft. This produces a catalogue of 663 craters with diameters exceeding 4 km, northwards of latitude +55 degrees. Read More

2015Dec

The GlueX experiment at Jefferson Lab ran with its first commissioning beam in late 2014 and the spring of 2015. Data were collected on both plastic and liquid hydrogen targets, and much of the detector has been commissioned. All of the detector systems are now performing at or near design specifications and events are being fully reconstructed, including exclusive production of $\pi^{0}$, $\eta$ and $\omega$ mesons. Read More

The variation of remotely sensed neutron count rates is measured as a function of cratercentric distance using data from the Lunar Prospector Neutron Spectrometer. The count rate, stacked over many craters, peaks over the crater centre, has a minimum near the crater rim, and at larger distances, it increases to a mean value that is up to 1% lower than the mean count rate observed over the crater. A simple model is presented, based upon an analytical topographical profile for the stacked craters fitted to data from the Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA). Read More

2015Jan
Affiliations: 1BAER/NASA Ames, 2JHU/APL, 3Durham University, 4NASA Ames, 5PSI, 6CESR, 7PSI, 8UCLA

We assess local-time variations of epithermal-neutron count rates measured by the Lunar Prospector Neutron Spectrometer. We investigate the nature of these variations and find no evidence to support the idea that such variations are caused by diurnal variations of hydrogen concentration across the lunar surface. Rather we find an anticorrelation between instrumental temperature and epithermal-neutron count rate. Read More

2014Sep
Affiliations: 1Durham University, 2Durham University, 3Durham University, 4NASA Ames, 5WUSTL, 6JHU-APL, 7Durham University, 8Durham University, 9NASA Ames

We reconstruct the abundance of thorium near the Compton-Belkovich Volcanic Complex on the Moon, using data from the Lunar Prospector Gamma Ray Spectrometer. We enhance the resolution via a pixon image reconstruction technique, and find that the thorium is distributed over a larger ($40 \mathrm{km}\times 75$ km) area than the ($25 \mathrm{km}\times 35$ km) high albedo region normally associated with Compton-Belkovich. Our reconstructions show that inside this region, the thorium concentration is $14\!-\!26$ ppm. Read More

We propose to enhance the kaon identification capabilities of the GlueX detector by constructing an FDIRC (Focusing Detection of Internally Reflected Cherenkov) detector utilizing the decommissioned BaBar DIRC components. The GlueX FDIRC would significantly enhance the GlueX physics program by allowing one to search for and study hybrid mesons decaying into kaon final states. Such systematic studies of kaon final states are essential for inferring the quark flavor content of hybrid and conventional mesons. Read More

The primary motivation of the GlueX experiment is to search for and ultimately study the pattern of gluonic excitations in the meson spectrum produced in $\gamma p$ collisions. Recent lattice QCD calculations predict a rich spectrum of hybrid mesons that have both exotic and non-exotic $J^{PC}$, corresponding to $q\bar{q}$ states ($q=u,$ $d,$ or $s$) coupled with a gluonic field. A thorough study of the hybrid spectrum, including the identification of the isovector triplet, with charges 0 and $\pm1$, and both isoscalar members, $|s\bar{s}\ >$ and $|u\bar{u}\ > + |d\bar{d}\ >$, for each predicted hybrid combination of $J^{PC}$, may only be achieved by conducting a systematic amplitude analysis of many different hadronic final states. Read More

A detailed comparison is made of results from the Lunar Prospector Neutron Spectrometer (LPNS) and the Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector Collimated Sensors for EpiThermal Neutrons (LEND CSETN). Using the autocorrelation function and power spectrum of the polar count rate maps produced by these experiments, it is shown that the LEND CSETN has a footprint that is at least as big as would be expected for an omni-directional detector at an orbital altitude of 50 km. The collimated flux into the field of view of the collimator is negligible. Read More

The performance of the GlueX Forward Calorimeter was studied using a small version of the detector and a variable energy electron beam derived from the Hall B tagger at Jefferson Lab. For electron energies from 110 MeV to 260 MeV, which are near the lower-limits of the design sensitivity, the fractional energy resolution was measured to range from 20% to 14%, which meets the design goals. The use of custom 250 MHz flash ADCs for readout allowed precise measurements of signal arrival times. Read More

The primary motivation of the GlueX experiment is to search for and ultimately study the pattern of gluonic excitations in the meson spectrum produced in gamma p collisions. Recent lattice QCD calculations predict a rich spectrum of hybrid mesons that have both exotic and non-exotic JPC, corresponding to q q-bar (q=u, d, or s) states coupled with a gluonic field. A thorough study of the hybrid spectrum, including the identification of the isovector triplet, with charges 0 and +-1, and both isoscalar members, |s s-bar> and |u u-bar> + |d d-bar>, for each predicted hybrid combination of JPC, may only be achieved by conducting a systematic amplitude analysis of many different hadronic final states. Read More

We present the design and performance of the multi-object fiber spectrographs for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and their upgrade for the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS). Originally commissioned in Fall 1999 on the 2.5-m aperture Sloan Telescope at Apache Point Observatory, the spectrographs produced more than 1. Read More

Data from the Lunar Exploration Neutron Detector (LEND) Collimated Sensors for Epithermal Neutrons (CSETN) are used in conjunction with a model based on results from the Lunar Prospector mission to quantify the extent of the background in the LEND CSETN. A simple likelihood analysis implies that at least 90% of the lunar component of the LEND CSETN flux results from high energy epithermal neutrons passing through the walls of the collimator. Thus, the effective full-width at half-maximum of the LEND CSETN is comparable with that of the omni-directional Lunar Prospector Neutron Spectrometer. Read More

We have analyzed Cs-137 decay data, obtained from a small sample onboard the MESSENGER spacecraft en route to Mercury, with the aim of setting limits on a possible correlation between nuclear decay rates and solar activity. Such a correlation has been suggested recently on the basis of data from Mn-54 decay during the solar flare of 13 December 2006, and by indications of an annual and other periodic variations in the decay rates of Si-32, Cl-36, and Ra-226. Data from five measurements of the Cs-137 count rate over a period of approximately 5. Read More

Tests and studies concerning the design and performance of the GlueX Central Drift Chamber (CDC) are presented. A full-scale prototype was built to test and steer the mechanical and electronic design. Small scale prototypes were constructed to test for sagging and to do timing and resolution studies of the detector. Read More

A technique is presented for precision measurements of the area densities, density * T, of approximately 5% radiation length carbon and 208Pb targets used in an experiment at Jefferson Laboratory to measure the neutral pion radiative width. The precision obtained in the area density for the carbon target is +/- 0.050%, and that obtained for the lead target through an x-ray attenuation technique is +/- 0. Read More

If the Standard Model is correct, and fundamental fermions exist only in the three generations, then the CKM matrix should be unitary. However, there remains a question over a deviation from unitarity from the value of the neutron lifetime. We discuss a simple space-based experiment that, at an orbit height of 500 km above Earth, would measure the kinetic-energy, solid-angle, flux spectrum of gravitationally bound neutrons (kinetic energy K<0. Read More

We prove that a graph is intrinsically linked in an arbitrary 3-manifold M if and only if it is intrinsically linked in S^3. Also, assuming the Poincare Conjecture, we prove that a graph is intrinsically knotted in M if and only if it is intrinsically knotted in S^3. Read More

We describe the design, construction and performance of the PIBETA detector built for the precise measurement of the branching ratio of pion beta decay, pi+ -> pi0 e+ nu, at the Paul Scherrer Institute. The central part of the detector is a 240-module spherical pure CsI calorimeter covering 3*pi sr solid angle. The calorimeter is supplemented with an active collimator/beam degrader system, an active segmented plastic target, a pair of low-mass cylindrical wire chambers and a 20-element cylindrical plastic scintillator hodoscope. Read More

The analysis and results are presented from the complete data set recorded at Palo Verde between September 1998 and July 2000. In the experiment, the $\nuebar$ interaction rate has been measured at a distance of 750 and 890 m from the reactors of the Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station for a total of 350 days, including 108 days with one of the three reactors off for refueling. Backgrounds were determined by (a) the $swap$ technique based on the difference between signal and background under reversal of the positron and neutron parts of the correlated event and (b) making use of the conventional reactor-on and reactor-off cycles. Read More

The $\nuebar$ flux and spectrum have been measured at a distance of about 800 m from the reactors of the Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station using a segmented Gd-loaded liquid scintillator detector. Correlated positron-neutron events from the reaction $\nuebar$p$\to$e^+n were recorded for a period of 200 d including 55 d with one of the three reactors off for refueling. Backgrounds were accounted for by making use of the reactor-on and reactor-off cycles, and also with a novel technique based on the difference between signal and background under reversal of the e^+ and n portions of the events. Read More

We report on the initial results from a measurement of the anti-neutrino flux and spectrum at a distance of about 800 m from the three reactors of the Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station using a segmented gadolinium-loaded scintillation detector. We find that the anti-neutrino flux agrees with that predicted in the absence of oscillations to better than 5%, excluding at 90% CL $\rm\bar\nu_e - \bar\nu_x$ oscillations with $\Delta m^2 > 1.12\times 10^{-3}$ eV^2 for maximal mixing and $\sin^2{2\theta} > 0. Read More

1999May
Affiliations: 1Univ. of Virginia, 2Inst. Rudjer Boskovic, 3Univ. of Virginia, 4Paul Scherrer Inst, 5Paul Scherrer Inst, 6Paul Scherrer Inst, 7Arizona State Univ, 8Tbilisi State Univ, 9Univ. of Virginia, 10Paul Scherrer Inst, 11Univ. of Virginia, 12Univ. of Virginia, 13Inst. Rudjer Boskovic

Scintillation properties of pure CsI crystals used in the shower calorimeter being built for precise determination of the pi+ -> pi0 e+ nu decay rate are reported. Seventy-four individual crystals, polished and wrapped in Teflon foil, were examined in a multiwire drift chamber system specially designed for transmission cosmic muon tomography. Critical elements of the apparatus and reconstruction algorithms enabling measurement of spatial detector optical nonuniformities are described. Read More