Curtis J. Saxton - Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London

Curtis J. Saxton
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Name
Curtis J. Saxton
Affiliation
Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London
City
London
Country
United Kingdom

Pubs By Year

Pub Categories

 
Astrophysics (15)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (7)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (7)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (4)
 
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Curtis J. Saxton

UV and optically selected candidates for stellar tidal disruption events (TDE) often exhibit broad spectral features (HeII emission, H$\alpha$ emission, or absorption lines) on a blackbody-like continuum (1e4KRead More

We calculate the radial profiles of galaxies where the nuclear region is self-gravitating, consisting of self-interacting dark matter (SIDM) with $F$ degrees of freedom. For sufficiently high density this dark matter becomes collisional, regardless of its behaviour on galaxy scales. Our calculations show a spike in the central density profile, with properties determined by the dark matter microphysics, and the densities can reach the `mean density' of a black hole (from dividing the black-hole mass by the volume enclosed by the Schwarzschild radius). Read More

High-energy neutrinos and photons are complementary messengers, probing violent astrophysical processes and structural evolution of the Universe. X-ray and neutrino observations jointly constrain conditions in active galactic nuclei (AGN) jets: their baryonic and leptonic contents, and particle production efficiency. Testing two standard neutrino production models for local source Cen A \citep{KT2008,BB2009}, we calculate the high-energy neutrino spectra of single AGN sources and derive the flux of high-energy neutrinos expected for the current epoch. Read More

We investigate the black hole (BH) scaling relation in galaxies using a model in which the galaxy halo and central BH are a self-gravitating sphere of dark matter (DM) with an isotropic, adiabatic equation of state. The equipotential where the escape velocity approaches the speed of light defines the horizon of the BH. We find that the BH mass ($m_\bullet$) depends on the DM entropy, when the effective thermal degrees of freedom ($F$) are specified. Read More

2013Nov
Affiliations: 1Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, 2Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London

We investigate the effects of a cD galaxy's gravity and AGN heating of the host galaxy cluster. We consider a standard prescription for the hydrodynamics, with the structures determined by mass continuity, momentum and energy conservation equations in spherical symmetry. The cluster comprises a dark matter halo (DM) and ionised X-ray emitting intracluster gas (ICM), which jointly determine the gravitational potential. Read More

This paper investigates spheroidal galaxies comprising a self-interacting dark matter halo (SIDM) plus de Vaucouleurs stellar distribution. These are coupled only via their shared gravitational field, which is computed consistently from the density profiles. Assuming conservation of mass, momentum and angular momentum, perturbation analyses reveal the galaxy's response to radial disturbance. Read More

This paper describes the definition of a typical next-generation space-based weak gravitational lensing experiment. We first adopt a set of top-level science requirements from the literature, based on the scale and depth of the galaxy sample, and the avoidance of systematic effects in the measurements which would bias the derived shear values. We then identify and categorise the contributing factors to the systematic effects, combining them with the correct weighting, in such a way as to fit within the top-level requirements. Read More

We studied the X-ray timing and spectral variability of the X-ray source Sw J1644+57, a candidate for a tidal disruption event. We have separated the long-term trend (an initial decline followed by a plateau) from the short-term dips in the Swift light-curve. Power spectra and Lomb-Scargle periodograms hint at possible periodic modulation. Read More

2010Mar
Affiliations: 1Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, 2Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, 3Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, 4Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, 5Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, 6Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London

We investigated the time-dependent radiative and dynamical properties of light supersonic jets launched into an external medium, using hydrodynamic simulations and numerical radiative transfer calculations. These involved various structural models for the ambient media, with density profiles appropriate for galactic and extragalactic systems. The radiative transfer formulation took full account of emission, absorption, re-emission, Faraday rotation and Faraday conversion explicitly. Read More

2010Feb
Affiliations: 1Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, 2Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London

The kinematics of stars and planetary nebulae in early type galaxies provide vital clues to the enigmatic physics of their dark matter halos. We fit published data for fourteen such galaxies using a spherical, self-gravitating model with two components: (1) a Sersic stellar profile fixed according to photometric parameters, and (2) a polytropic dark matter halo that conforms consistently to the shared gravitational potential. The polytropic equation of state can describe extended theories of dark matter involving self-interaction, non-extensive thermostatistics, or boson condensation (in a classical limit). Read More

2008Nov
Affiliations: 1Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, UK, 2Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, UK, 3Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, UK
Category: Astrophysics

We investigate the structure of dynamics of large self-gravitating astrophysical systems using a self-interacting two-component model. We consider two cases, galaxy clusters and cosmic walls, for illustrations. In both cases stability analyses are conducted using perturbative expansion. Read More

2008Sep
Affiliations: 1Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, 2Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London
Category: Astrophysics

We analyse the radial structure of self-gravitating spheres consisting of multiple interpenetrating fluids, such as the X-ray emitting gas and the dark halo of a galaxy cluster. In these dipolytropic models, adiabatic dark matter sits in equilibrium, while the gas develops a gradual, smooth, quasi-stationary cooling flow. Both affect and respond to the collective gravitational field. Read More

The temperatures of electrons and ions in the post-shock accretion region of a magnetic cataclysmic variable (mCV) will be equal at sufficiently high mass flow rates or for sufficiently weak magnetic fields. At lower mass flow rates or in stronger magnetic fields, efficient cyclotron cooling will cool the electrons faster than the electrons can cool the ions and a two-temperature flow will result. Here we investigate the differences in polarized radiation expected from mCV post-shock accretion columns modeled with one- and two-temperature hydrodynamics. Read More

2007Sep
Affiliations: 1Armagh Observatory, 2MSSL-UCL, 3MSSL-UCL, 4Australia Telescope National Facility, 5MSSL-UCL
Category: Astrophysics

Unipolar induction (UI) is a fundamental physical process, which occurs when a conducting body transverses a magnetic field. It has been suggested that UI is operating in RX J0806+15 and RX J1914+24, which are believed to be ultra-compact binaries with orbital periods of 5.4 min and 9. Read More

2007May
Affiliations: 1Mullard Space Science Lab, University College London, 2Mullard Space Science Lab, University College London, 3State University of Rio de Janeiro, 4Mullard Space Science Lab, University College London, 5Mullard Space Science Lab, University College London
Category: Astrophysics

We investigate the hydrodynamics of accretion channelled by a dipolar magnetic field (funnel flows). We consider situations in which the electrons and ions in the flow cannot maintain thermal equilibrium (two-temperature effects) due to strong radiative loss, and determine the effects on the keV X-ray properties of the systems. We apply this model to investigate the accretion shocks of white dwarfs in magnetic cataclysmic variables. Read More

We use a two-temperature hydrodynamical formulation to determine the temperature and density structures of the post-shock accretion flows in magnetic cataclysmic variables (mCVs) and calculate the corresponding X-ray spectra. The effects of two-temperature flows are significant for systems with a massive white dwarf and a strong white-dwarf magnetic field. Our calculations show that two-temperature flows predict harder keV spectra than one-temperature flows for the same white-dwarf mass and magnetic field. Read More

Field-channelled accretion flows occur in a variety of astrophysical objects, including T Tauri stars,magnetic cataclysmic variables and X-ray pulsars. We consider a curvilinear coordinate system and derive a general hydrodynamic formulation for accretion onto stellar objects confined by a stellar dipole magnetic field. The hydrodynamic equations are solved to determine the velocity, density and temperature profiles of the flow. Read More

2005Feb
Affiliations: 1Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, 2Research School of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Australian National University, 3Research School of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Australian National University, 4ANU Supercomputer Facility, Australian National University
Category: Astrophysics

We present two-dimensional slab-jet simulations of jets in inhomogeneous media consisting of a tenuous hot medium populated with a small filling factor by warm, dense clouds. The simulations are relevant to the structure and dynamics of sources such as Gigahertz Peak Spectrum and Compact Steep Spectrum radio galaxies, High Redshift Radio Galaxies and radio galaxies in cooling flows. The jets are disrupted to a degree depending upon the filling factor of the clouds. Read More

2003Feb
Affiliations: 1State Univ Rio de Janeiro, 2MSSL/UCL, 3MSSL/UCL, 4MSSL/UCL, 5MSSSO/ANU
Category: Astrophysics

A hydrodynamic formulation for accretion flow channeled by a dipolar magnetic field is constructed using a curvi-linear coordinate system natural to the field structure. We solve the hydrodynamic equations and determine the velocity, density and temperature profiles of the post-shock accretion flow. The results are applied to accretion flows in intermediate polars. Read More

2002Apr
Affiliations: 1Department of Physics & Theoretical Physics, Faculty of Science, Australian National University, 2Research School of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Mt Stromlo Observatory, Australian National University, 3Research School of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Mt Stromlo Observatory, Australian National University
Category: Astrophysics

The radio lobes of the radio galaxy Hercules A contain intriguing ring-like structures concentric with the jet axis. To investigate the occurrence of such features, we have used hydrodynamic simulations of jets with a range of Mach numbers (from M=2 to 50) and densities (down to a ratio of 1E-4 relative to the background) to generate ray-traced images simulating synchrotron emission from the time-dependent shock structures. We compare these images with observations of Hercules A, and consider the physical nature and temporal evolution of the most plausible configurations. Read More

2002Mar
Affiliations: 1Department of Physics & Theoretical Physics, Australian National University, Australia
Category: Astrophysics

Thermal instabilities can cause a radiative shock to oscillate, thereby modulating the emission from the post-shock region. The mode frequencies are approximately quantised in analogy to those of a vibrating pipe. The stability properties depend on the cooling processes, the electron-ion energy exchange and the boundary conditions. Read More

2002Mar
Affiliations: 1Department of Physics & Theoretical Physics, Australian National University, Australia, 2Research School of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Australian National University, Australia, 3Department of Physics & Theoretical Physics, Australian National University, Australia, 4Department of Physics & Theoretical Physics, Australian National University, Australia, 5Landessternwarte Heidelberg-Konigstuhl, Germany, 6Research School of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Australian National University, Australia
Category: Astrophysics

We have carried out simulations of supersonic light jets in order to model the features observed in optical and radio images of the western hot-spot in the radio galaxy Pictor A. We have considered jets with density ratios eta=1e-2 - 1e-4, and Mach numbers ranging between 5 and 50. From each simulation, we have generated ray-traced maps of radio surface brightness at a variety of jet inclinations, in order to study the appearance of time-dependent luminous structures in the vicinity of the western hot-spot. Read More

2001Jul
Affiliations: 1Department of Physics & Theoretical Physics, Faculty of Science, Australian National University, Australia, 2Research School of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Mt Stromlo Observatory, Australian National University, Australia, 3Research School of Astronomy & Astrophysics, Mt Stromlo Observatory, Australian National University, Australia
Category: Astrophysics

We model the northern middle radio lobe of Centaurus A (NGC 5128) as a buoyant bubble of plasma deposited by an intermittently active jet. The extent of the rise of the bubble and its morphology imply that the ratio of its density to that of the surrounding ISM is less than 10^{-2}, consistent with our knowledge of extragalactic jets and minimal entrainment into the precursor radio lobe. Using the morphology of the lobe to date the beginning of its rise through the atmosphere of Centaurus A, we conclude that the bubble has been rising for approximately 140Myr. Read More

We present a general formulation for stability analyses of radiative shocks with multiple cooling processes, longitudinal and transverse perturbations, and unequal electron and ion temperatures. Using the accretion shocks of magnetic cataclysmic variables as an illustrative application, we investigate the shock instabilities by examining the eigenfunctions of the perturbed hydrodynamic variables. We also investigate the effects of varying the condition at the lower boundary of the post-shock flow from a zero-velocity fixed wall to several alternative type of boundaries involving the perturbed hydrodynamic variables, and the variations of the emission from the post-shock flow under different modes of oscillations. Read More

The structure of the hot downstream region below a radiative accretion shock, such as that of an accreting compact object, may oscillate due to a global thermal instability. The oscillatory behaviour depends on the functional forms of the cooling processes, the energy exchanges of electrons and ions in the shock-heated matter, and the boundary conditions. We analyse the stability of a shock with unequal electron and ion temperatures, where the cooling consists of thermal bremsstrahlung radiation which promotes instability, plus a competing process which tends to stabilize the shock. Read More