Cong Yu - Yunnan Astronomical Observatory

Cong Yu
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Cong Yu
Yunnan Astronomical Observatory

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Pub Categories

High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (16)
Computer Science - Databases (4)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (4)
Astrophysics (2)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (2)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (2)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)
Computer Science - Programming Languages (1)
Computer Science - Information Retrieval (1)
Computer Science - Human-Computer Interaction (1)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)

Publications Authored By Cong Yu

The structure of steady axisymmetric force-free magnetosphere of a Kerr black hole (BH) is governed by a second-order partial differential equation of $A_\phi$ depending on two "free" functions $\Omega(A_\phi)$ and $I(A_\phi)$, where $A_\phi$ is the $\phi$ component of the vector potential of the electromagnetic field, $\Omega$ is the angular velocity of the magnetic field lines and $I$ is the poloidal electric current. In this paper, we investigate the solution uniqueness. Taking asymptotically uniform field as an example, analytic studies imply that there are infinitely many solutions approaching uniform field at infinity, while only a unique one is found in general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic simulations. Read More

In this paper, the theoretical aspects behind longitudinal RF capture are reviewed and the capture process is simulated via a program based on this theory. Four kinds of cases with different initial distribution and capture curve are considered, i.e. Read More

We propose that the magnetosphere reconfiguration induced by magnetic twists in the closed field line region can account for the mode-switching of intermittent pulsars. We carefully investigate the properties of axisymmetric force-free pulsar magnetospheres with magnetic twists in closed field line region around the polar caps. The magnetosphere with twisted closed lines leads to enhanced spin-down rates. Read More

We reinvestigate the structure of a steady axisymmetic force-free magnetosphere around a Kerr black hole (BH). The BH magnetosphere structure is governed by a second-order differential equation of $A_\phi$ depending on two `free' functions $\Omega$ and $I$, where $A_\phi$ is the $\phi$ component of the vector potential of the electromagnetic field, $\Omega$ is the angular velocity of the magnetic field lines and $I$ is the poloidal electric current. While the two functions $\Omega$ and $I$ are not arbitrarily given, which need to be self-consistently determined along with the differential equation. Read More

Blandford-Znajek (BZ) mechanism describes a process extracting rotation energy from a spinning black hole (BH) via magnetic field lines penetrating the event horizon of central BH. In this paper, we present a perturbation approach to study force-free jets launched by the BZ mechanism, and its two immediate applications: (1) we present a high-order split monopole perturbation solution to the BZ mechanism, which accurately pins down the energy extraction rate $\dot E$ and well describes the structure of BH magnetosphere for all range of BH spins ($0\leq a\leq 1$); (2) the approach yields an exact constraint for the monopole field configuration in the Kerr spacetime, $I = \Omega (1-A_\phi^2)$, where $A_\phi$ is the $\phi-$component of the vector potential of electromagnetic field, $\Omega$ is the angular velocity of magnetic field lines and $I$ is the poloidal electric current. The constraint is of particular importance to benchmark the accuracy of numerical simulations. Read More

The Blandford-Znajek (BZ) mechanism describes a physical process for the energy extraction from a spinning black hole (BH), which is believed to power a great variety of astrophysical sources, such as active galactic nuclei (AGNs) and Gamma ray bursts (GRBs). The only known analytic solution to the BZ mechanism is a split monopole perturbation solution up to $O(a^2)$, where $a$ is the spin parameter of a Kerr black hole. In this paper, we extend the monopole solution to higher order $\sim O(a^4)$. Read More

We study the effect of large-scale magnetic fields on the non-axisymmetric inertial-acoustic modes (also called p-modes) trapped in the innermost regions of accretion discs around black holes (BHs). These global modes could provide an explanation for the high-frequency quasi-periodic oscillations (HFQPOs) observed in BH X-ray binaries. There may be observational evidence for the presence of such large-scale magnetic fields in the disks since episodic jets are observed in the same spectral state when HFQPOs are detected. Read More

We propose a physical mechanism to explain giant flares and radio afterglows in terms of a magnetospheric model containing both a helically twisted flux rope and a current sheet (CS). With the appearance of CS, we solve a mixed boundary value problem to get the magnetospheric field based on a domain decomposition method. We investigate properties of the equilibrium curve of the flux rope when the CS is present in background multipolar fields. Read More

In this paper, we propose a general method for perturtative solutions to Blandford-Znajek mechanism. Instead of solving the nonlinear Grad-Shafranov equation directly, we introduce an alternative way to determine relevant physical quantities based on the horizon boundary condition and the convergence requirement. Both the angular velocity $\Omega$ of magnetic field lines, the toroidal magnetic field $B^\phi$ and the total electric current $I$ are self-consistently specified according to our method. Read More

We study force-free magnetospheres in the Blandford-Znajek process from rapidly rotating black holes by adopting the near-horizon geometry of near-extreme Kerr black holes (near-NHEK). It is shown that the Znajek regularity condition on the horizon can be directly derived from the resulting stream equation. In terms of the condition, we split the full stream equation into two separate equations. Read More

We propose a catastrophic eruption model for magnetar's enormous energy release during giant flares, in which a toroidal and helically twisted flux rope is embedded within a force-free magnetosphere. The flux rope stays in stable equilibrium states initially and evolves quasi-statically. Upon the loss of equilibrium point is reached, the flux rope cannot sustain the stable equilibrium states and erupts catastrophically. Read More

We study the novel problem of finding new, prominent situational facts, which are emerging statements about objects that stand out within certain contexts. Many such facts are newsworthy---e.g. Read More

Authors: Cong Yu1, Lei Huang2
Affiliations: 1Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, 2Shanghai Astronomical Observatory

We propose a catastrophic magnetospheric model for magnetar precursors and their successive giant flares. Axisymmetric models of the magnetosphere, which contain both a helically twisted flux rope and a current sheet, are established based on force-free field configurations. In this model, the helically twisted flux rope would lose its equilibrium and erupt abruptly in response to the slow and quasi-static variations at the ultra-strongly magnetized neutron star's surface. Read More

The physical origin of high-frequency QPOs (HFQPOs) in black-hole X-ray binaries remains an enigma despite many years of detailed observational studies. Although there exists a number of models for HFQPOs, many of these are simply "notions" or "concepts" without actual calculation derived from fluid or disk physics. Future progress requires a combination of numerical simulations and semi-analytic studies to extract physical insights. Read More

We study the effect of large-scale magnetic fields on the non-axisymmetric Rossby wave instability (RWI) in accretion discs. The instability develops around a density bump, which is likely present in the transition region between the active zone and dead zone of protoplanetary discs. Previous works suggest that the vortices resulting from the RWI may facilitate planetesimal formation and angular momentum transport. Read More

We address a primary question regarding the physical mechanism that triggers the energy release and initiates the onset of eruptions in the magnetar magnetosphere. A self-consistent stationary, axisymmetric model of the magnetar magnetosphere is constructed based on a force-free magnetic field configuration which contains a helically twisted force-free flux rope. Given the complex multipolar magnetic fields at the magnetar surface, we also develop a convenient numerical scheme to solve the GS equation. Read More

Knowledge bases of entities and relations (either constructed manually or automatically) are behind many real world search engines, including those at Yahoo!, Microsoft, and Google. Those knowledge bases can be viewed as graphs with nodes representing entities and edges representing (primary) relationships, and various studies have been conducted on how to leverage them to answer entity seeking queries. Meanwhile, in a complementary direction, analyses over the query logs have enabled researchers to identify entity pairs that are statistically correlated. Read More


Motivated by coronal mass ejection studies, we construct general relativistic models of a magnetar magnetosphere endowed with strong magnetic fields. The equilibrium states of the stationary, axisymmetric magnetic fields in the magnetar magnetosphere are obtained as solutions of the Grad-Shafranov equation in a Schwarzschild spacetime. To understand the magnetic energy buildup in the magnetar magnetosphere, a generalized magnetic virial theorem in the Schwarzschild metric is newly derived. Read More

The force-free (or low inertia) limit of magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) can be applied to many astrophysical objects, including black holes, neutron stars, and accretion disks, where the electromagnetic field is so strong that the inertia and pressure of the plasma can be ignored. This is difficult to achieve with the standard MHD numerical methods because they still have to deal with plasma inertial terms even when these terms are much smaller than the electromagnetic terms. Under the force free approximation, the plasma dynamics is entirely determined by the magnetic field. Read More

We carry out 2-D high resolution numerical simulations of type I planet migration with different disk viscosities. We find that the planet migration is strongly dependent on disk viscosities. Two kinds of density wave damping mechanisms are discussed. Read More

Recently, many content sites have started encouraging their users to engage in social activities such as adding buddies on Yahoo! Travel and sharing articles with their friends on New York Times. This has led to the emergence of {\em social content sites}, which is being facilitated by initiatives like OpenID (http://www.openid. Read More

Authors: Cong Yu1, Hui Li2
Affiliations: 1Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, 2Los Alamos National Lab

We investigate the global nonaxisymmetric Rossby vortex instability in a differentially rotating, compressible magnetized accretion disk with radial density structures. Equilibrium magnetic fields are assumed to have only the toroidal component. Using linear theory analysis, we show that the density structure can be unstable to nonaxisymmetric modes. Read More

Sagittarius A* is a compact radio source at the Galactic center, powered by accretion of fully ionized plasmas into a supermassive black hole. However, the radio emission cannot be produced through the thermal synchrotron process by a gravitationally bounded flow. General relativistic magneto-hydrodynamical(GRMHD) simulations of black hole accretion show that there are strong unbounded outflows along the accretion. Read More

We explore MHD solutions for envelope expansions with core collapse (EECC) with isothermal MHD shocks in a quasi-spherical symmetry and outline potential astrophysical applications of such magnetized shock flows. MHD shock solutions are classified into three classes according to the downstream characteristics near the core. Class I solutions are those characterized by free-fall collapses towards the core downstream of an MHD shock, while Class II solutions are those characterized by Larson-Penston (LP) type near the core downstream of an MHD shock. Read More

We investigate self-similar magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) processes in an isothermal self-gravitating fluid with a quasi-spherical symmetry and extend the envelope expansion with core collapse (EECC) solutions of Lou & Shen by incorporating a random magnetic field. Stagnation surfaces of EECC solutions that seperate core collapse and envelope expansion propagate at constant speeds either sub-magnetosonically or super-magnetosonically. Crossing the magnetosonic line twice analytically, there exists an infinite number of discrete magnetized EECC and ECCC solutions. Read More