Claudia Czado

Claudia Czado
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Claudia Czado

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Statistics - Methodology (21)
Statistics - Applications (6)
Statistics - Theory (2)
Mathematics - Statistics (2)
Statistics - Computation (1)

Publications Authored By Claudia Czado

Vine copulas are pair-copula constructions enabling multivariate dependence modeling in terms of bivariate building blocks. One of the main tasks of fitting a vine copula is the selection of a suitable tree structure. For this the prevalent method is a heuristic called Di{\ss}mann's algorithm. Read More

In the last decade, simplified vine copula models have been an active area of research. They build a high dimensional probability density from the product of marginals densities and bivariate copula densities. Besides parametric models, several approaches to nonparametric estimation of vine copulas have been proposed. Read More

Vine copulas are a useful statistical tool to describe the dependence structure between several random variables, especially when the number of variables is very large. When modeling data with vine copulas, one often is confronted with a set of candidate models out of which the best one is supposed to be selected. For example, this may arise in the context of non-simplified vine copulas, truncations of vines and other simplifications regarding pair-copula families or the vine structure. Read More

For nearly every major stock market there exist equity and implied volatility indices. These play important roles within finance: be it as a benchmark, a measure of general uncertainty or a way of investing or hedging. It is well known in the academic literature, that correlations and higher moments between different indices tend to vary in time. Read More

Modeling dependence in high dimensional systems has become an increasingly important topic. Most approaches rely on the assumption of a multivariate Gaussian distribution such as statistical models on directed acyclic graphs (DAGs). They are based on modeling conditional independencies and are scalable to high dimensions. Read More

In many studies multivariate event time data are generated from clusters of equal size. Flexible models are needed to capture the possibly complex association pattern in such data. Vine copulas serve this purpose. Read More

Vine copulas are a highly flexible class of dependence models, which are based on the decomposition of the density into bivariate building blocks. For applications one usually makes the simplifying assumption that copulas of conditional distributions are independent of the variables on which they are conditioned. However this assumption has been criticised for being too restrictive. Read More

Regular vine copulas can describe a wider array of dependency patterns than the multivariate Gaussian copula or the multivariate Student's t copula. This paper presents two contributions related to model selection of regular vine copulas. First, our pair copula family selection procedure extends existing Bayesian family selection methods by allowing pair families to be chosen from an arbitrary set of candidate families. Read More

Quantile regression, that is the prediction of conditional quantiles, has steadily gained importance in statistical modeling and financial applications. The authors introduce a new semiparametric quantile regression method based on sequentially fitting a likelihood optimal D-vine copula to given data resulting in highly flexible models with easily extractable conditional quantiles. As a subclass of regular vine copulas, D-vines enable the modeling of multivariate copulas in terms of bivariate building blocks, a so-called pair-copula construction (PCC). Read More

Vine copulas are a flexible class of dependence models consisting of bivariate building blocks and have proven to be particularly useful in high dimensions. Classical model distance measures require multivariate integration and thus suffer from the curse of dimensionality. In this paper we provide numerically tractable methods to measure the distance between two vine copulas even in high dimensions. Read More

As drought is among the natural hazards which affects people and economies worldwide and often results in huge monetary losses sophisticated methods for drought monitoring and decision making are needed. Several different approaches to quantify drought have been developed during past decades. However, most of these drought indices suffer from different shortcomings and do not account for the multiple driving factors which promote drought conditions and their inter-dependencies. Read More

We examine the dependence structure of finite block-maxima of multivariate distributions. We provide a closed form expression for the copula density of the vector of the block-maxima. Further, we show how partial derivatives of three-dimensional vine copulas can be obtained by only one-dimensional integration. Read More

Practical applications of nonparametric density estimators in more than three dimensions suffer a great deal from the well-known curse of dimensionality: convergence slows down as dimension increases. We show that one can evade the curse of dimensionality by assuming a simplified vine copula model for the dependence between variables. We formulate a general nonparametric estimator for such a model and show under high-level assumptions that the speed of convergence is independent of dimension. Read More

We present a vine copula based composite likelihood approach to model spatial dependencies, which allows to perform prediction at arbitrary locations. This approach combines established methods to model (spatial) dependencies. On the one hand the geostatistical concept utilizing spatial differences between the variable locations to model the extend of spatial dependencies is applied. Read More

We introduce an extension of R-vine copula models for the purpose of spatial dependency modeling and model based prediction at unobserved locations. The newly derived spatial R-vine model combines the flexibility of vine copulas with the classical geostatistical idea of modeling spatial dependencies by means of the distances between the variable locations. In particular the model is able to capture non-Gaussian spatial dependencies. Read More

We apply a linear Bayesian model to seismic tomography, a high-dimensional inverse problem in geophysics. The objective is to estimate the three-dimensional structure of the earth's interior from data measured at its surface. Since this typically involves estimating thousands of unknowns or more, it has always been treated as a linear(ized) optimization problem. Read More

Pair-copula Bayesian networks (PCBNs) are a novel class of multivariate statistical models, which combine the distributional flexibility of pair-copula constructions (PCCs) with the parsimony of conditional independence models associated with directed acyclic graphs (DAG). We are first to provide generic algorithms for random sampling and likelihood inference in arbitrary PCBNs as well as for selecting orderings of the parents of the vertices in the underlying graphs. Model selection of the DAG is facilitated using a version of the well-known PC algorithm which is based on a novel test for conditional independence of random variables tailored to the PCC framework. Read More

We present a joint copula-based model for insurance claims and sizes. It uses bivariate copulae to accommodate for the dependence between these quantities. We derive the general distribution of the policy loss without the restrictive assumption of independence. Read More

So called pair copula constructions (PCCs), specifying multivariate distributions only in terms of bivariate building blocks (pair copulas), constitute a flexible class of dependence models. To keep them tractable for inference and model selection, the simplifying assumption that copulas of conditional distributions do not depend on the values of the variables which they are conditioned on is popular. In this paper, we show for which classes of distributions such a simplification is applicable, significantly extending the discussion of Hob{\ae}k Haff et al. Read More

Analysis of multivariate time series is a common problem in areas like finance and economics. The classical tool for this purpose are vector autoregressive models. These however are limited to the modeling of linear and symmetric dependence. Read More

Regular vine distributions which constitute a flexible class of multivariate dependence models are discussed. Since multivariate copulae constructed through pair-copula decompositions were introduced to the statistical community, interest in these models has been growing steadily and they are finding successful applications in various fields. Research so far has however been concentrating on so-called canonical and D-vine copulae, which are more restrictive cases of regular vine copulae. Read More

We consider the problem of modeling the dependence among many time series. We build high dimensional time-varying copula models by combining pair-copula constructions (PCC) with stochastic autoregressive copula (SCAR) models to capture dependence that changes over time. We show how the estimation of this highly complex model can be broken down into the estimation of a sequence of bivariate SCAR models, which can be achieved by using the method of simulated maximum likelihood. Read More

Misperceptions about extreme dependencies between different financial assets have been an im- portant element of the recent financial crisis. This paper studies inhomogeneity in dependence structures using Markov switching regular vine copulas. These account for asymmetric depen- dencies and tail dependencies in high dimensional data. Read More