# Chung Kao - University of Oklahoma

## Contact Details

NameChung Kao |
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AffiliationUniversity of Oklahoma |
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CityNorman |
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CountryUnited States |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## External Links |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Physics - Phenomenology (44) Nuclear Theory (25) High Energy Physics - Experiment (4) High Energy Physics - Lattice (4) Nuclear Experiment (2) Physics - Other (1) High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1) |

## Publications Authored By Chung Kao

We present a detailed derivation of the two sum rules relating the spin polarizabilities measured in real, virtual, and doubly-virtual Compton scattering. For example, the polarizability $\delta_{LT}$, accessed in inclusive electron scattering, is related to the spin polarizability $\gamma_{E1E1}$ and the slope of generalized polarizabilities $P^{(M1,M1)1}-P^{(L1,L1)1}$, measured in, respectively, the real and the virtual Compton scattering. We verify these sum rules in different variants of chiral perturbation theory, discuss their empirical verification for the proton, and prospect their use in studies of the nucleon spin structure. Read More

We investigate the valence quark distribution function of the pion $v^{\pi}(x,Q^2)$ in the framework of the chiral constituent quark model and evaluate the meson cloud effects on $v^{\pi}(x,Q^2)$. We explicitly demonstrate how the meson cloud effects affect $v^{\pi}(x,Q^2)$ in detail. We find that the meson cloud correction causes an overall 32\% reduction of the valence quark distribution and an enhancement at the small Bjorken $x$ regime. Read More

We investigate the QCD topological susceptibility $\chi_t$ by using the nonlocal chiral quark model (NL$\chi$QM). This model is based on the liquid instanton QCD-vacuum configuration in which $\mathrm{SU}(3)$ flavor symmetry is explicitly broken by the current quark mass $(m_{u,d},m_s)\approx(5,135)$ MeV. To compute $\chi_t$, the local topological charge density operator $Q_t(x)$ is derived from the effective partition function of NL$\chi$QM. Read More

To gain some sense about the likelihood of measuring the Higgs boson quartic coupling, we calculate the contribution to the triple Higgs production cross section from the subprocesses $q\bar{q}\to ZHHH$ and $q\bar{q}'\to WHHH$. Our results illustrate that determining this coupling, or even providing experimental evidence that it exists, will be very difficult. Read More

We derived the conditions on certain combinations of integrals of the fragmentation functions of pion using HERMES data of the sum for the charged pion multiplicities from semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering (SIDIS) off the deuteron target. In our derivation the nucleon parton distribution functions (PDFs) are assumed to be isospin SU(2) symmetric. Similar conditions have also been obtained for the fragmentation functions (FFs) of kaon by the sum of charged kaon multiplicities as well. Read More

A general two Higgs doublet model (2HDM) is adopted to study the signature of flavor changing neutral Higgs (FCNH) decay $\phi^0 \to t\bar{c}+\bar{t}c$, where $\phi^0$ could be a CP-even scalar ($H^0$) or a CP-odd pseudoscalar ($A^0$). Measurement of the light 125 GeV neutral Higgs boson ($h^0$) couplings at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) favor the decoupling limit or the alignment limit of a 2HDM, in which gauge boson and diagonal fermion couplings of $h^0$ approach Standard Model values. In such limit, FCNH couplings of $h^0$ are naturally suppressed by a small mixing parameter $\cos(\beta-\alpha)$, while the off-diagonal couplings of heavier neutral scalars $\phi^0$ are sustained by $\sin(\beta-\alpha) \sim 1$. Read More

We show that the dominant channel proposed for the determination of the Higgs boson trilinear coupling, $pp\to HH+X$ via gluon fusion, exhibits an interference structure that is independent of the collider energy for collider energies in the range $8\,{\rm TeV}\leq \sqrt{s}\leq 100\,{\rm TeV}$ and is almost maximally destructive. This insensitivity to the collider energy remains approximately true for a variety of other two Higgs production mechanisms although the magnitude of the interference varies widely. Read More

We have calculated the unpolarized dihadron fragmentation functions (uDiFFs) of pions and kaons using the nonlocal chiral-quark model (NLChQM) and evolved our results to the transferred momentum scale Q$^2$=4$\mathrm{GeV}^2$ by the QCD evolution equations. These uDiFFs have also been computed in the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio-jet (NJL-jet) model for the sake of comparison. We find that there is substantial difference between the results of these two models. Read More

We investigate the prospects for the discovery of neutral Higgs bosons produced with a bottom quark where the Higgs decays into a pair of tau leptons and the taus decay into an electron-muon pair, i.e. $bg \to b\phi^0 \to b\tau^+\tau^- \to be^\pm\mu^\mp + E\!\!\!/_T$, $\phi^0 = h^0, H^0, A^0$. Read More

A precise comparison is made between the Dalitz decay $H\to\ell\bar{\ell}\gamma$ and the two body decay $H\to\gamma Z,Z\to\ell\bar{\ell}$ for electrons and for muons including experimental cuts appropriate for the ATLAS detector. The widths for these two processes differ by 8% for electrons and 3% for muons. Given that there remain QCD radiative corrections of this order that are not included, this suggests that the isolation of the Dalitz decay will be challenging. Read More

The newly discovered "Higgs" boson h^0, being lighter than the top quark t, opens up new probes for flavor and mass generation. In the general two Higgs doublet model, new ct, cc and tt Yukawa couplings could modify h^0 properties. If t --> ch^0 occurs at the percent level, the observed ZZ^* and \gamma\gamma signal events may have accompanying cbW activity coming from t\bar{t} feeddown. Read More

We investigate the unpolarized pion and kaon fragmentation functions using the nonlocal chiral-quark model. In this model the interactions between the quarks and pseudoscalar mesons is manifested nonlocally. In addition, the explicit flavor SU(3) symmetry breaking effect is taken into account in terms of the current quark masses. Read More

We have applied the Green-Kubo formula to investigate the shear viscosity in the SU(2) light-flavor quark matter at finite temperature under the external strong magnetic field e|B| ~ m^2_pi. For this purpose, we employ the temperature-modified instanton model and the Schwinger method to induce the magnetic field. The quark spectral function with the finite width motivated by the instanton model is adopted to compute the shear viscosity. Read More

We investigate the prospects of observing a neutral Higgs boson decaying into a pair of $W$ bosons (one real and the other virtual), followed by the $W$ decays into $qq' \ell\nu$ or $jj\ell\nu$ at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Assuming that the missing transverse energy comes solely from the neutrino in $W$ decay, we can reconstruct the $W$ masses and then the Higgs mass. At the LHC with a center of mass energy ($\sqrt{s}$) of 8 TeV and an integrated luminosity ($L$) of 25 fb$^{-1}$, we can potentially establish a $6\sigma$ signal. Read More

We investigate the unpolarized pion and kaon fragmentation functions, employing the nonlocal chiral-quark model, which manifests the nonlocal interactions between the quarks and pseudoscalar mesons, considering the explicit flavor-SU(3)-symmetry breaking in terms of the current-quark masses. Moreover, we study the quark-distribution functions, derived from the fragmentation ones with the Drell-Yan-Levi relation. Numerical results are evaluated to higher Q^2 by the DGLAP evolution and compared with the empirical data. Read More

We investigate the prospects for the discovery of a neutral Higgs boson produced in association with a $b$ quark, followed by the Higgs decay into a pair of bottom quarks, $pp \to b\phi^0 \to b b\bar{b} +X$, at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) within the framework of unified supersymmetric models. The Higgs boson $\phi^0$ can be a heavy scalar $H^0$ or a pseudoscalar $A^0$. Furthermore, this direct discovery channel is compared with the indirect Higgs searches in the rare decay $B_s \to \mu^+\mu^-$ at hadron colliders. Read More

We investigate the prospects for discovering a top quark decaying into one light Higgs boson along with a charm quark in top quark pair production at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). A general two Higgs doublet model is adopted to study the signature of flavor changing neutral Higgs decay $t \to c\phi^0$, %or $\bar{t} \to \bar{c}\phi^0$ where $\phi^0$ could be CP-even ($H^0$) or CP-odd ($A^0$). The dominant physics background is evaluated with realistic acceptance cuts as well as tagging and mistagging efficiencies. Read More

We study the unpolarized fragmentation functions and parton distribution functions of the pion employing the nonlocal chiral quark model. This model manifests the nonlocal interactions between the quarks and pseudoscalar mesons in the light-cone coordinate. It turns out that the nonlocal interactions result in substantial differences in comparison to typical models with only local couplings. Read More

We investigate the chiral restoration at finite temperature $(T)$ under the strong external magnetic field $\vec{B}=B_{0}\hat{z}$ of the SU(2) light-flavor QCD matter. We employ the instanton-liquid QCD vacuum configuration accompanied with the linear Schwinger method for inducing the magnetic field. The Harrington-Shepard caloron solution is used to modify the instanton parameters, i. Read More

In this talk we present our recent studies for the unpolarized fragmentation functions for the pion and kaon, employing the nonlocal chiral quark model, which manifests the nonlocal interaction between the quarks and pseudoscalar mesons, in the light-cone frame. It turns out that the nonlocal interaction produces considerable differences in comparison to typical local-interaction models. Read More

To resolve the puzzle of the proton size raised from the recent result of muonic hydrogen Lamb shift, De R\'{u}jula has proposed that a large value of the third Zemach moment $< r^3_{p}>{(2)}$ of the proton to be the solution. His suggestion has been criticized by many groups based on the $ep$ scattering data at low $Q^2$ regime. However, if there is a "thorn" or "lump" in the electric form factor of the proton $G_{E}(Q^2)$ at extremely low $Q^2$ regime, then the third Zemach moment $< r^3_{p}>{(2)}$ would be as large as De R\'{u}jula suggested. Read More

One of the main channels which allows for a large rate of neutralino dark matter annihilation in the early Universe is via the pseudoscalar Higgs A-resonance. In this case, the measured dark matter abundance can be obtained in the minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) model when tan(beta)\sim 50 and 2m_{\tz_1}\sim m_A. We investigate the reaction pp\to b\phi\to b\mu^+\mu^- +X (where \phi =A or H) at the CERN LHC where requiring the tag of a single b-jet allows for amplification of the signal-to-background ratio. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}University of Oklahoma,

^{2}University of Texas,

^{3}University of Oklahoma,

^{4}Oklahoma State University

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

We investigate the prospects for the discovery of massive color-octet vector bosons at the CERN Large Hadron Collider with $\sqrt{s} = 14$ TeV. A phenomenological Lagrangian is adopted to evaluate the cross section of a pair of colored vector bosons (colorons, $\tilde{\rho}$) decaying into four colored scalar resonances (hyper-pions, $\tilde{\pi}$), which then decay into eight gluons. We include the dominant physics background from the production of $8g,7g1q, 6g2q$, and $5g3q$, and determine the masses of $\tilde{\pi}$ and $\tilde{\rho}$ where discovery is possible. Read More

We investigate the (partial) chiral restoration at finite temperature (T) under the strong external magnetic field B_0 of the SU(2) light-flavor QCD matter. To this end, we employ the instanton-liquid QCD vacuum configuration accompanied with the linear Schwinger method for inducing the magnetic field. The Harrington-Shepard caloron solution is used to modify the instanton parameters, i. Read More

In this talk, we report our recent progresses on the Lambda(1520) photoproduction using the effective Lagrangian approach. In addition to the tree-level Born diagrams, we take into account the Regge-trajectories for the possible strange-meson exchanges in the t channel. We compute the angular and energy dependences of the production process, including polarization observables, such as the photon-beam asymmetry and the polarization-transfer coefficients, resulting in good qualitative agreement with current experimental data. Read More

We investigate the prospects for the discovery of massive hyper-gluons using data from the early runs of the CERN Large Hadron Collider with $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV and assuming an integrated luminosity of 1 fb$^{-1}$. A phenomenological Lagrangian is adopted to evaluate the cross section of a pair of colored vector bosons (coloron, $\tilde{\rho}$) decaying into four colored scalar resonances (hyper-pion, $\tilde{\pi}$), which then decay into eight gluons. We include the dominant physics background from the production of $8g$, $7g1q$, $6g2q$, and $5g3q$. Read More

In this talk, we report our recent studies for the chiral magnetic effect, which signals the P- and CP-violations at the heavy ion collisions. We compute the electric current and its correlations, induced by the external magnetic field, inside the hot and dense QCD matter created in the heavy ion collisions. For this purpose, we employ the instanton-liquid model, modified by the Harrington-Shepard caloron at finite T. Read More

We investigate chiral-restoration patterns of QCD for N_{c}=3 and N_{f}=2 at finite temperature (T) and zero quark-chemical potential beyond the chiral limit, indicating the explicit chiral-symmetry breaking. To this end, we employ the instanton-vacuum configuration for the flavor SU(2) sector and the Harrington-Shepard caloron for modifying relevant instanton parameters as functions of T. The meson-loop corrections (MLC), which correspond to 1/N_{c} corrections, are also taken into account to reproduce appropriate m_{q} dependences of chiral order parameters. Read More

We investigate the Lambda(1520,3/2^-)=Lambda* photoproduction off the proton target with the Regge contributions to go beyond the resonance region, in addition to the tree-level Born terms consisting of the s, t, and u channels, and contact term. For this purpose, the Reggeized propagators for the K and K* exchanges in the t channel are employed in a gauge-invariant manner. We also take into account the contribution from a nucleon resonance D_{13}(2030). Read More

The details of the calculation of the two-boson exchange effects in the parity-violating elastic $ep$ scattering within a simple hadronic model, including both the nucleon and $\Delta(1232)$-resonance intermediate states, are presented. We examine the sensitivity of our results with respect to choice of form factors. We emphasize the importance to use correct relations relating N to $\Delta$ and $\Delta$ to N transition vertex functions. Read More

We investigate the prospects for the discovery of a neutral Higgs boson produced with one bottom quark followed by Higgs decay into a pair of bottom quarks at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We work within the framework of the minimal supersymmetric standard model. The dominant physics background is calculated with realistic acceptance cuts and efficiencies including the production of $bb\bar{b}$, $\bar{b}b\bar{b}$, $jb\bar{b}$ ($j = g, q, \bar{q}$; $q = u, d, s, c$), $t\bar{t} \to b\bar{b}jj\ell\nu$, and $t\bar{t} \to b\bar{b}jjjj$. Read More

We calculate the two-boson-exchange (TBE) corrections to the parity asymmetry of the elastic electron-proton scattering in a model using the formalism of generalized parton distributions (GPDs). Read More

We calculate $\gamma Z$ exchange corrections to the parity-violating asymmetry of the elastic electron-proton scattering in a parton model using the formalism of generalized parton distributions(GPDs). We also examine the validity of the zero-momentum-transfer approximation adopted in the literatures and find that it overestimates the $\gamma Z$ exchange effect significantly at the forward scattering angles. Read More

We calculate the two-boson-exchange (TBE) corrections to the parity-violating asymmetry of the elastic electron-proton scattering in a simple hadronic model including the nucleon and the $\Delta(1232)$ intermediate states. We find that $\Delta$ contribution $\delta_\Delta$ is, in general, comparable with the nucleon contribution $\delta_N$ and the current experimental measurements of strange-quark effects in the proton neutral weak current. The total TBE corrections to the current extracted values of $G^{s}_{E}+\beta G^{s}_{M}$ in recent experiments are found to lie in the range of $-7\sim +7%$. Read More

We study the leading electroweak corrections in the precision measurement of the strange form factors. Specifically, we calculate the two-boson-exchange (TBE), two-photon-exchange (TPE) plus $\gamma Z$-exchange ($\gamma Z$E), corrections with $\Delta(1232)$ excitation to the parity-violating asymmetry of the elastic electron-proton scattering. The interplay between nucleon and $\Delta$ contributions is found to depend strongly on the kinematics, as $\delta_\Delta$ begins as negligible at backward angles but becomes very large and negative and dominant at forward angles, while $\delta_N$ always stays positive and decreases monotonically with increasing $\epsilon$. Read More

We investigate the prospects for the discovery at the CERN Large Hadron Collider or at the Fermilab Tevatron of neutral Higgs bosons through the channel where the Higgs are produced together with a single bottom quark and the Higgs decays into a pair of tau leptons, $bg \to b\phi^0 \to b\tau^+\tau^-, \phi^0 = h^0, H^0, A^0$. We work within the framework of the minimal supersymmetric model. The dominant physics background from the production of $b\tau^+\tau^-$, $j\tau^+\tau^-$ ($j = g, u, d, s, c$), $b\bar{b}W^+W^-$, $W+2j$ and $Wbj$ is calculated with realistic acceptance cuts and efficiencies. Read More

We present a complete next-to-leading order (NLO) calculation for the total cross section for inclusive Higgs pair production via bottom-quark fusion at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) and the minimal supergravity model (mSUGRA). We emphasize the contributions of squark and gluino loops (SQCD) and the decoupling properties of our results for heavy squark and gluino masses. The enhanced couplings of the b quark to the Higgs bosons in supersymmetric models with large tanb yield large NLO SQCD corrections in some regions of parameter space. Read More

Leading electroweak corrections play an important role in precision measurements of the strange form factors. We calculate the two-photon-exchange (TPE) and $\gamma Z$-exchange corrections to the parity-violating asymmetry of the elastic electron-proton scattering in a simple hadronic model including the finite size of the proton. We find both can reach a few percent and are comparable in size with the current experimental measurements of strange-quark effects in the proton neutral weak current. Read More

We show that the very light spin-1 gauge U-boson of the extra $U(1)'$ gauge model in the framework of the supersymmetric standard model extension can be a good candidate of the new light particle suggested by the HyperCP experiment. We demonstrate that the flavor changing neutral currents (FCNCs) for the HyperCP events in the decay of $\Sigma^{+}\to p \mu^{+} \mu^{-}$ can be generated at both tree and loop levels. In particular, we find that the loop induced $s\to d U$ transition due to the tensor-type interaction with the dimension-5 electric dipole operator plays a very important role on the FCNCs. Read More

We re-analyze the data of the elastic electron proton scattering to look for model-independent evidence of the two-photon-exchange (TPE) effect. In contrast to previous analyses, TPE effect is parametrized in forms which are free of kinematical-singularity, in addition to being consistent with the constraint derived from crossing symmetry and the charge conjugation. Moreover, we fix the value of $R=G_E/G_M$ as determined from the data of the polarization transfer experiment. Read More

We investigate the prospects for the discovery of neutral Higgs bosons with muons by direct searches at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) as well as by indirect searches in the rare decay Bs -> mu+ mu- at the Fermilab Tevatron and the LHC. Promising results have been found for the minimal supersymmetric standard model, the minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) model, and supergravity models with non-universal Higgs masses (NUHM SUGRA). For tanb \simeq 50, we find that (i) the contours for a branching fraction of B(Bs -> mu+ mu-) = 1x10^{-8} in the parameter space are very close to the 5\sigma contours for pp -> b \phi^0 -> b mu+ mu- + X, \phi^0 = h^0, H^0, A^0 at the LHC with an integrated luminosity (L) of 30 fb^{-1},(ii) the regions covered by B(Bs -> mu+ mu-) \ge 5x10^{-9} and the discovery region for b\phi^0 -> b mu+ mu- with 300 fb^{-1} are complementary in the mSUGRA parameter space,(iii) in NUHM SUGRA models, a discovery of B(Bs -> mu+ mu-) \simeq 5x10^{-9} at the LHC will cover regions of the parameter space beyond the direct search for pp -> b\phi^0 -> b mu+ mu- with L = 300 fb^{-1}. Read More

The general form of the cross section as well as the polarizations of electron-deuteron elastic scattering are given. Two-photon exchange effects are analyzed. Possible signatures of the two-photon exchange effects in the electron-deuteron elastic scattering are discussed. Read More

We present a complete next-to-leading order (NLO) calculation for the total cross section of inclusive Higgs pair production via bottom-quark fusion ($b\bar{b} \to hh$) at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in the Standard Model. The NLO QCD corrections lead to less dependence on the renormalization scale ($\mu_R$) and the factorization scale ($\mu_F$) than the leading-order (LO) cross section, and they significantly increase the LO cross section. The rate for inclusive Higgs pair production is small in the Standard Model, but can be large in models with enhanced couplings of the $b$ quark to the Higgs bosons. Read More

Using heavy baryon chiral perturbation theory we study the leading chiral corrections to the complete set of nucleon generalized parton distributions (GPDs). We compute the leading quark mass and momentum transfer dependence of the moments of nucleon GPDs through the nucleon off-forward twist-2 matrix elements. These results are then applied to get insight on the GPDs and their impact parameter space distributions. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}University of Oklahoma,

^{2}University of Oklahoma

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

We investigate the prospects for the discovery of neutral Higgs bosons with a pair of muons by direct searches at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) as well as by indirect searches in the rare decay $B_s \to \mu^+\mu^-$ at the Fermilab Tevatron and the LHC. Promising results are found for the minimal supersymmetric standard model, the minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) model, and supergravity models with non-universal Higgs masses (NUHM SUGRA). For $\tan\beta \simeq 50$, we find that (i) the contours for a branching fraction of $B(B_s \to \mu^+\mu^-) = 1 \times 10^{-8}$ in the parameter space are very close to the $5\sigma$ contours for $pp \to b\phi^0 \to b\mu^+\mu^- +X, \phi^0 = h^0, H^0, A^0$ at the LHC with an integrated luminosity ($L$) of 30 fb$^{-1}$, (ii) the regions covered by $B(B_s \to \mu^+\mu^-) \ge 5\times 10^{-9}$ and the discovery region for $b\phi^0 \to b\mu^+\mu^-$ with 300 fb$^{-1}$ are complementary in the mSUGRA parameter space, (iii) in NUHM SUGRA models, a discovery of $B(B_s \to \mu^+\mu^-) \simeq 5\times 10^{-9}$ at the LHC will cover regions of the parameter space beyond the direct search for $b\phi^0 \to b\mu^+\mu^-$ with $L = 300$ fb$^{-1}$. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}North Carolina State University,

^{2}North Carolina State University,

^{3}North Carolina State University

In the framework of pionless nucleon-nucleon effective field theory we study different approximation schemes for the nuclear many body problem. We consider, in particular, ladder diagrams constructed from particle-particle, hole-hole, and particle-hole pairs. We focus on the problem of finding a suitable starting point for perturbative calculations near the unitary limit (k_Fa)->infinity and (k_Fr)-> 0, where k_F is the Fermi momentum, a is the scattering length and r is the effective range. Read More

We study the muon anomalous magnetic moment a_\mu = (g_\mu - 2)/2 in a supersymmetric U(1)' model. The neutralino sector has extra components from the superpartners of the U(1)' gauge boson and the extra Higgs singlets that break the U(1)' symmetry. The theoretical maximum bound on the lightest neutralino mass is much smaller than that of the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) because of the mixing pattern of the extra components. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}University of Oklahoma,

^{2}University of Oklahoma

**Category:**High Energy Physics - Phenomenology

We investigate the prospects of detecting a Higgs pseudoscalar ($A^0$) in association with a $Z$ gauge boson produced from bottom quark fusion ($b\bar{b} \to ZA^0$) at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). A general two Higgs doublet model and the minimal supersymmetric standard model are adopted to study the discovery potential of $pp \to ZA^0 \to \ell \bar{\ell} b\bar{b} +X (\ell = e, \mu)$, via $b\bar{b} \to ZA^0$ with physics backgrounds and realistic cuts. Promising results are found for $m_A \alt 400$ GeV in a general two Higgs doublet model when the heavier Higgs scalar ($H^0$) can decay into a $Z$ boson and a Higgs pseudoscalar ($H^0 \to ZA^0$). Read More

We analyze the amplitude of radiative charged pion photoproduction within the framework of heavy baryon chiral perturbation theory (HBChPT) and discuss the best experimental setup for the extraction of the charged pion polarizabilities from the differential cross section. We find that the contributions from two unknown low energy constants(LECs) in the $\pi N$ chiral Lagrangian at order $p^{3}$ are comparable with the contributions of the charged pion polarizabilities. As a result, it is necessary to take these two LECs' effects into account. Read More

We study properties of the lightest neutralino (\chi) and calculate its cosmological relic density in a supersymmetric U(1)' model with a secluded U(1)' breaking sector (the S-model). The lightest neutralino mass is smaller than in the minimal supersymmetric standard model; for instance, m_\chi < 100 GeV in the limit that the U(1)' gaugino mass is large compared to the electroweak scale. We find that the Z-\chi-\chi coupling can be enhanced due to the singlino components in the extended neutralino sector. Read More