Carsten Denker - Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam

Carsten Denker
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Carsten Denker
Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam

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Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (16)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (5)
Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Carsten Denker

Chromospheric rapid blueshifted excursions (RBEs) are suggested to be the disk counterparts of type II spicules at the limb and believed to contribute to the coronal heating process. Previous identification of RBEs was mainly based on feature detection using Dopplergrams. In this paper, we study RBEs on 2011 October 21 in a very quiet region at the disk center, which were observed with the high-cadence imaging spectroscopy of the Ca II 8542 A line from the Interferometric Bidimensional Spectrometer (IBIS). Read More

Affiliations: 1Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam, 2Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam, 3Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam

Most of our knowledge about the Sun's activity cycle arises from sunspot observations over the last centuries since telescopes have been used for astronomy. The German astronomer Gustav Sp\"orer observed almost daily the Sun from 1861 until the beginning of 1894 and assembled a 33-year collection of sunspot data covering a total of 445 solar rotation periods. These sunspot drawings were carefully placed on an equidistant grid of heliographic longitude and latitude for each rotation period, which were then copied to copper plates for a lithographic reproduction of the drawings in astronomical journals. Read More

The extensive database of high-resolution G-band images observed with the Hinode/SOT is a unique resource to derive statistical properties of pores using advanced digital image processing techniques. The study is based on two data sets: (1) Photometric and morphological properties inferred from single G-band images cover almost seven years from 2006 October 25 to 2013 August 31. (2) Horizontal flow fields have been derived from 356 one-hour sequences of G-band images using LCT for a shorter period of time from 2006 November 3 to 2008 January 6 comprising 13 active regions. Read More

Sunspots, which harbor both magnetic polarities within one penumbra, are called delta-spots. They are often associated with flares. Nevertheless, there are only very few detailed observations of the spatially resolved magnetic field configuration. Read More

Spectropolarimetric observations of a sunspot were carried out with the Tenerife Infrared Polarimeter at Observatorio del Teide, Tenerife, Spain. Maps of the physical parameters were obtained from an inversion of the Stokes profiles observed in the infrared Fe i line at 15648 angstrom. The regular sunspot consisted of a light bridge which separated the two umbral cores of the same polarity. Read More

We investigate how the splitting of the leading sunspot and associated flux emergence and cancellation in active region NOAA 11515 caused an eruptive M5.6 flare on 2012 July 2. Our study employs multi-wavelength observations from HMI, AIA and ChroTel. Read More

We present an unprecedented high-resolution \ha\ imaging spectroscopic observation of a C4.1 flare taken with IBIS on 2011 October 22. The flare consists of a main circular ribbon that occurred in a parasitic magnetic configuration and a remote ribbon that was observed by the IBIS. Read More

The GREGOR Fabry-P\'erot Interferometer (GFPI) is one of three first-light instruments of the German 1.5-meter GREGOR solar telescope at the Observatorio del Teide, Tenerife, Spain. The GFPI allows fast narrow-band imaging and post-factum image restoration. Read More

Much of our knowledge about the solar dynamo is based on sunspot observations. It is thus desirable to extend the set of positional and morphological data of sunspots into the past. Gustav Sp\"orer observed in Germany from Anklam (1861-1873) and Potsdam (1874-1894). Read More

Movement and coalescence of magnetic elements could explain the evolution and growth of pores. There have been numerous studies focusing on flow fields in and around individual pores. We have undertaken a systematic study of the statistical properties of such flows. Read More

The flare-prolific active region NOAA 10930 offered both a developing delta-spot and a decaying satellite sunspot of opposite polarity. The objective of this study is to characterize the photometric decay of the satellite sunspot and the evolution of photospheric and chromospheric horizontal proper motions in its surroundings. We apply the local correlation tracking technique to a 16-hour time-series of Hinode G-band and CaIIH images and study the horizontal proper motions in the vicinity of the satellite sunspot on 2006 December 7. Read More

The GREGOR Fabry-Perot Interferometer (GFPI) is one of three first-light instruments of the German 1.5-meter GREGOR solar telescope at the Observatorio del Teide, Tenerife, Spain. The GFPI allows fast narrow-band imaging and post-factum image restoration. Read More

Affiliations: 1McGill University, Montreal, Canada, 2Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam, Germany, 3Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam, Germany

Horizontal proper motions were measured with local correlation tracking (LCT) techniques in active region NOAA 11158 on 2011 February 15 at a time when a major (X2.2) solar flare occurred. The measurements are based on continuum images and magnetograms of the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory. Read More

Fabry-Perot interferometers have advantages over slit spectrographs because they allow fast narrow-band imaging and post-factum image reconstruction of spectropolarimetric data. Temperature, plasma velocity, and magnetic field maps can be derived from inversions of photospheric and chromospheric spectral lines, thus, advancing our understanding of the dynamic Sun and its magnetic fields at the smallest spatial scales. The GREGOR Fabry-Perot Interferometer (GFPI) is one of two firstlight instruments of the 1. Read More

Affiliations: 1Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, Germany, 2Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, Germany

The flows in and around sunspots are rich in detail. Starting with the Evershed flow along low-lying flow channels, which are cospatial with the horizontal penumbral magnetic fields, Evershed clouds may continue this motion at the periphery of the sunspot as moving magnetic features in the sunspot moat. Besides these well-ordered flows, peculiar motions are found in complex sunspots, where they contribute to the build-up or relaxation of magnetic shear. Read More

We study the evolution of the flows and horizontal proper motions in and around a decaying follower sunspot based on time sequences of two-dimensional spectroscopic observations in the visible and white light imaging data obtained over six days from June~7 to~12, 2005. During this time period the sunspot decayed gradually to a pore. The spectroscopic observations were obtained with the Fabry-P\'{e}rot based Visible-Light Imaging Magnetograph (VIM) in conjunction with the high-order adaptive optics (AO) system operated at the 65 cm vacuum reflector of the Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO). Read More