Cameron Hummels - University of Arizona, Tucson

Cameron Hummels
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Cameron Hummels
University of Arizona, Tucson
United States

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Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (11)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (8)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (4)
Astrophysics (2)
Physics - Physics and Society (1)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Cameron Hummels

Hydrodynamical simulations are increasingly able to accurately model physical systems on stellar, galactic, and cosmological scales; however, the utility of these simulations is often limited by our ability to directly compare them with the datasets produced by observers: spectra, photometry, etc. To address this problem, we have created Trident}, a Python-based, open-source tool for post-processing hydrodynamical simulations to produce synthetic absorption spectra and related data. Trident} can (i) create absorption-line spectra for any trajectory through a simulated dataset mimicking both background quasar and down-the-barrel configurations; (ii) reproduce the spectral characteristics of common instruments like the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph; (iii) operate across the ultraviolet, optical and infrared using customizable absorption line lists; (iv) trace simulated physical structures directly to spectral features; (v) approximate the presence of ion species absent from the simulation outputs; (vi) generate column density maps for any ion; and (vii) provide support for all major astrophysical hydrodynamical codes. Read More

We present the Grackle chemistry and cooling library for astrophysical simulations and models. Grackle provides a treatment of non-equilibrium primordial chemistry and cooling for H, D, and He species, including H2 formation on dust grains; tabulated primordial and metal cooling; multiple UV background models; and support for radiation transfer and arbitrary heat sources. The library has an easily implementable interface for simulation codes written in C, C++, and Fortran as well as a Python interface with added convenience functions for semi-analytical models. Read More

Affiliations: 1Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 2University of Surrey, 3University of Zurich, 4Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, 5Zentrum für Astronomie der Universität Heidelberg, Institut für Theoretische Astrophysik, 6University of Texas, Austin, 7University of Zurich, 8McMaster University, 9Sorbonne Universites, UPMC Univ Paris 6 et CNRS, 10University of Washington, Seattle, 11École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, 12University of Washington, Seattle, 13Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, 14University of Maryland, 15University of Cambridge, 16University of Edinburgh, 17National Center for Supercomputing Applications, 18University of Illinois, Urbana, 19Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 20New Mexico State University, 21McMaster University, 22Rochester Institute of Technology, 23University of Cambridge, 24The Hebrew University, 25National Center for Supercomputing Applications, 26California Institute of Technology, 27California Institute of Technology, 28New Mexico State University, 29University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 30University of California at Santa Cruz, 31Yale University, 32University of Zurich, 33Osaka University, 34University of Zurich, 35National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, 36Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, 37The Hebrew University, 38University of Chicago, 39Osaka University, 40Heidelberger Institut für Theoretische Studien, 41University of Kansas, 42McMaster University, 43Georgia Institute of Technology

Using an isolated Milky Way-mass galaxy simulation, we compare results from 9 state-of-the-art gravito-hydrodynamics codes widely used in the numerical community. We utilize the infrastructure we have built for the AGORA High-resolution Galaxy Simulations Comparison Project. This includes the common disk initial conditions, common physics models (e. Read More

Authors: Demitri Muna, Michael Alexander, Alice Allen, Richard Ashley, Daniel Asmus, Ruyman Azzollini, Michele Bannister, Rachael Beaton, Andrew Benson, G. Bruce Berriman, Maciej Bilicki, Peter Boyce, Joanna Bridge, Jan Cami, Eryn Cangi, Xian Chen, Nicholas Christiny, Christopher Clark, Michelle Collins, Johan Comparat, Neil Cook, Darren Croton, Isak Delberth Davids, Éric Depagne, John Donor, Leonardo A. dos Santos, Stephanie Douglas, Alan Du, Meredith Durbin, Dawn Erb, Daniel Faes, J. G. Fernández-Trincado, Anthony Foley, Sotiria Fotopoulou, Søren Frimann, Peter Frinchaboy, Rafael Garcia-Dias, Artur Gawryszczak, Elizabeth George, Sebastian Gonzalez, Karl Gordon, Nicholas Gorgone, Catherine Gosmeyer, Katie Grasha, Perry Greenfield, Rebekka Grellmann, James Guillochon, Mark Gurwell, Marcel Haas, Alex Hagen, Daryl Haggard, Tim Haines, Patrick Hall, Wojciech Hellwing, Edmund Christian Herenz, Samuel Hinton, Renee Hlozek, John Hoffman, Derek Holman, Benne Willem Holwerda, Anthony Horton, Cameron Hummels, Daniel Jacobs, Jens Juel Jensen, David Jones, Arna Karick, Luke Kelley, Matthew Kenworthy, Ben Kitchener, Dominik Klaes, Saul Kohn, Piotr Konorski, Coleman Krawczyk, Kyler Kuehn, Teet Kuutma, Michael T. Lam, Richard Lane, Jochen Liske, Diego Lopez-Camara, Katherine Mack, Sam Mangham, Qingqing Mao, David J. E. Marsh, Cecilia Mateu, Loïc Maurin, James McCormac, Ivelina Momcheva, Hektor Monteiro, Michael Mueller, Roberto Munoz, Rohan Naidu, Nicholas Nelson, Christian Nitschelm, Chris North, Juan Nunez-Iglesias, Sara Ogaz, Russell Owen, John Parejko, Vera Patrício, Joshua Pepper, Marshall Perrin, Timothy Pickering, Jennifer Piscionere, Richard Pogge, Radek Poleski, Alkistis Pourtsidou, Adrian M. Price-Whelan, Meredith L. Rawls, Shaun Read, Glen Rees, Hanno Rein, Thomas Rice, Signe Riemer-Sørensen, Naum Rusomarov, Sebastian F. Sanchez, Miguel Santander-García, Gal Sarid, William Schoenell, Aleks Scholz, Robert L. Schuhmann, William Schuster, Peter Scicluna, Marja Seidel, Lijing Shao, Pranav Sharma, Aleksandar Shulevski, David Shupe, Cristóbal Sifón, Brooke Simmons, Manodeep Sinha, Ian Skillen, Bjoern Soergel, Thomas Spriggs, Sundar Srinivasan, Abigail Stevens, Ole Streicher, Eric Suchyta, Joshua Tan, O. Grace Telford, Romain Thomas, Chiara Tonini, Grant Tremblay, Sarah Tuttle, Tanya Urrutia, Sam Vaughan, Miguel Verdugo, Alexander Wagner, Josh Walawender, Andrew Wetzel, Kyle Willett, Peter K. G. Williams, Guang Yang, Guangtun Zhu, Andrea Zonca

The Astropy Project ( is, in its own words, "a community effort to develop a single core package for Astronomy in Python and foster interoperability between Python astronomy packages." For five years this project has been managed, written, and operated as a grassroots, self-organized, almost entirely volunteer effort while the software is used by the majority of the astronomical community. Read More

We investigate the dynamical impact of cosmic rays in cosmological simulations of galaxy formation using adaptive-mesh refinement simulations of a $10^{12}$ solar mass halo. In agreement with previous work, a run with only our standard thermal energy feedback model results in a massive spheroid and unrealistically peaked rotation curves. However, the addition of a simple two-fluid model for cosmic rays drastically changes the morphology of the forming disk. Read More

We describe a new method for adding a prescribed amount of kinetic energy to simulated gas modeled on a cartesian grid by directly altering grid cells' mass and velocity in a distributed fashion. The method is explored in the context of supernova feedback in high-resolution ($\sim 10$ pc) hydrodynamic simulations of galaxy formation. Resolution-dependence is a primary consideration in our application of the method and simulations of isolated explosions (performed at different resolutions) motivate a resolution-dependent scaling for the injected fraction of kinetic energy that we apply in cosmological simulations of a $10^9$ Msun dwarf halo. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of California at Santa Cruz, 2Stanford University, 3University of Chicago, 4Columbia University, 5Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, 6University of Arizona, Tucson, 7University of California at Santa Cruz, 8The Hebrew University, 9University of Chicago, 10University of California at Santa Cruz, 11Institute for Astronomy, ETH Zurich, 12Institute for Astronomy, ETH Zurich, 13Institute for Astronomy, ETH Zurich, 14California Institute of Technology, 15University of Arizona, Tucson, 16Max-Planck Institut für Astrophysik, 17University of California at San Diego, 18New Mexico State University, 19University of Chicago, 20University of California at Santa Cruz, 21University of California at Santa Cruz, 22University of Maryland, College Park, 23University of California at Santa Cruz, 24University of Zurich, 25University of California at Santa Cruz, 26University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 27University of California at San Diego, 28University of California at Irvine, 29Michigan State University, 30University of California at Santa Cruz, 31University of California at Santa Cruz, 32University of Washington, Seattle, 33University of Surrey, 34University of Arizona, Tucson, 35University of California at Irvine, 36Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, 37University of California at Santa Cruz, 38Michigan State University, 39Johns Hopkins University, 40University of Zurich, 41University of Arizona, Tucson, 42University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 43Columbia University, 44McMaster University, 45Georgia Institute of Technology, 46The Hebrew University

We introduce the AGORA project, a comprehensive numerical study of well-resolved galaxies within the LCDM cosmology. Cosmological hydrodynamic simulations with force resolutions of ~100 proper pc or better will be run with a variety of code platforms to follow the hierarchical growth, star formation history, morphological transformation, and the cycle of baryons in and out of 8 galaxies with halo masses M_vir ~= 1e10, 1e11, 1e12, and 1e13 Msun at z=0 and two different ("violent" and "quiescent") assembly histories. The numerical techniques and implementations used in this project include the smoothed particle hydrodynamics codes GADGET and GASOLINE, and the adaptive mesh refinement codes ART, ENZO, and RAMSES. Read More

We present the final data release from the GALEX Arecibo SDSS Survey (GASS), a large Arecibo program that measured the HI properties for an unbiased sample of ~800 galaxies with stellar masses greater than 10^10 Msun and redshifts 0.025Read More

This paper describes the open-source code Enzo, which uses block-structured adaptive mesh refinement to provide high spatial and temporal resolution for modeling astrophysical fluid flows. The code is Cartesian, can be run in 1, 2, and 3 dimensions, and supports a wide variety of physics including hydrodynamics, ideal and non-ideal magnetohydrodynamics, N-body dynamics (and, more broadly, self-gravity of fluids and particles), primordial gas chemistry, optically-thin radiative cooling of primordial and metal-enriched plasmas (as well as some optically-thick cooling models), radiation transport, cosmological expansion, and models for star formation and feedback in a cosmological context. In addition to explaining the algorithms implemented, we present solutions for a wide range of test problems, demonstrate the code's parallel performance, and discuss the Enzo collaboration's code development methodology. Read More

Cosmological hydrodynamical simulations of galaxy evolution are increasingly able to produce realistic galaxies, but the largest hurdle remaining is in constructing subgrid models that accurately describe the behavior of stellar feedback. As an alternate way to test and calibrate such models, we propose to focus on the circumgalactic medium. To do so, we generate a suite of adaptive-mesh refinement (AMR) simulations for a Milky-Way-massed galaxy run to z=0, systematically varying the feedback implementation. Read More

We present the second data release from the GALEX Arecibo SDSS Survey (GASS), an ongoing large Arecibo program to measure the HI properties for an unbiased sample of ~1000 galaxies with stellar masses greater than 10^10 Msun and redshifts 0.025Read More

We have obtained long-slit spectra of 174 star-forming galaxies with stellar masses greater than 10^10 M_\odot from the GALEX Arecibo SDSS (GASS) survey. These galaxies have both HI and H_2 mass measurements. The average metallicity profile is strikingly flat out to R_90, the radius enclosing 90% of the r-band light. Read More

We carry out adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) cosmological simulations of Milky-Way mass halos in order to investigate the formation of disk-like galaxies in a {\Lambda}-dominated Cold Dark Matter model. We evolve a suite of five halos to z = 0 and find gaseous-disk formation in all; however, in agreement with previous SPH simulations (that did not include a subgrid feedback model), the rotation curves of all halos are centrally peaked due to a massive spheroidal component. Our standard model includes radiative cooling and star formation, but no feedback. Read More

We use measurements of the HI content, stellar mass and star formation rates in ~190 massive galaxies with stellar masses greater than 10^10 Msun, obtained from the Galex Arecibo SDSS Survey (GASS) described in Paper I (Catinella et al. 2010) to explore the global scaling relations associated with the bin-averaged ratio of the star formation rate over the HI mass, which we call the HI-based star formation efficiency (SFE). Unlike the mean specific star formation rate, which decreases with stellar mass and stellar mass surface density, the star formation efficiency remains relatively constant across the sample with a value close to SFE = 10^-9. Read More

We follow Paper I with predictions of how gas leaking through the lunar surface could influence the regolith, as might be observed via optical Transient Lunar Phenomena (TLPs) and related effects. We touch on several processes, but concentrate on low and high flow rate extremes, perhaps the most likely. We model explosive outgassing for the smallest gas overpressure at the regolith base that releases the regolith plug above it. Read More

We consider the implications from Paper I on how gas leaking through the lunar surface might interact with the regolith, and in what respects this might affect or cause the appearance of optical Transient Lunar Phenomena (TLPs). We consider briefly a range of phenomena, but concentrate at the extremes of high and low gas flow rate, which might represent the more likely behaviors. Extremely fast i. Read More

We present moderate resolution (~6 km/s) spectroscopy of 284 M giant candidates selected from the Two Micron All Sky Survey photometry. Radial velocities (RVs) are presented for stars mainly in the south, with a number having positions consistent with association to the trailing tidal tail of the Sagittarius (Sgr) dwarf galaxy. The latter show a clear RV trend with orbital longitude, as expected from models of the orbit and destruction of Sgr. Read More