C. Weinheimer - The XENON Collaboration

C. Weinheimer
Are you C. Weinheimer?

Claim your profile, edit publications, add additional information:

Contact Details

Name
C. Weinheimer
Affiliation
The XENON Collaboration
Location

Pubs By Year

Pub Categories

 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (37)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (19)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (18)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (15)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (10)
 
Nuclear Experiment (8)
 
Physics - Atomic Physics (2)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (2)
 
Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1)
 
Physics - Optics (1)

Publications Authored By C. Weinheimer

2017May
Authors: E. Aprile, J. Aalbers, F. Agostini, M. Alfonsi, F. D. Amaro, M. Anthony, F. Arneodo, P. Barrow, L. Baudis, B. Bauermeister, M. L. Benabderrahmane, T. Berger, P. A. Breur, A. Brown, A. Brown, E. Brown, S. Bruenner, G. Bruno, R. Budnik, L. Bütikofer, J. Calvén, J. M. R. Cardoso, M. Cervantes, D. Cichon, D. Coderre, A. P. Colijn, J. Conrad, J. P. Cussonneau, M. P. Decowski, P. de Perio, P. Di Gangi, A. Di Giovanni, S. Diglio, G. Eurin, J. Fei, A. D. Ferella, A. Fieguth, W. Fulgione, A. Gallo Rosso, M. Galloway, F. Gao, M. Garbini, R. Gardner, C. Geis, L. W. Goetzke, L. Grandi, Z. Greene, C. Grignon, C. Hasterok, E. Hogenbirk, J. Howlett, R. Itay, B. Kaminsky, S. Kazama, G. Kessler, A. Kish, H. Landsman, R. F. Lang, D. Lellouch, L. Levinson, Q. Lin, S. Lindemann, M. Lindner, F. Lombardi, J. A. M. Lopes, A. Manfredini, I. Mariş, T. Marrodán Undagoitia, J. Masbou, F. V. Massoli, D. Masson, D. Mayani, M. Messina, K. Micheneau, A. Molinario, K. Morå, M. Murra, J. Naganoma, K. Ni, U. Oberlack, P. Pakarha, B. Pelssers, R. Persiani, F. Piastra, J. Pienaar, V. Pizzella, M. -C. Piro, G. Plante, N. Priel, L. Rauch, S. Reichard, C. Reuter, B. Riedel, A. Rizzo, S. Rosendahl, N. Rupp, R. Saldanha, J. M. F. dos Santos, G. Sartorelli, M. Scheibelhut, S. Schindler, J. Schreiner, M. Schumann, L. Scotto Lavina, M. Selvi, P. Shagin, E. Shockley, M. Silva, H. Simgen, M. v. Sivers, A. Stein, S. Thapa, D. Thers, A. Tiseni, G. Trinchero, C. Tunnell, M. Vargas, N. Upole, H. Wang, Z. Wang, Y. Wei, C. Weinheimer, J. Wulf, J. Ye, Y. Zhang, T. Zhu

We report the first dark matter search results from XENON1T, a $\sim$2000-kg-target-mass dual-phase (liquid-gas) xenon time projection chamber in operation at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Italy and the first ton-scale detector of this kind. The blinded search used 34.2 live days of data acquired between November 2016 and January 2017. Read More

2017May

We report on WIMP search results in the XENON100 detector using a non-relativistic effective field theory approach. The data from science run II (34 kg $\times$ 224.6 live days) was re-analyzed, with an increased recoil energy interval compared to previous analyses, ranging from $(6. Read More

2017May
Authors: XENON Collaboration, E. Aprile, J. Aalbers, F. Agostini, M. Alfonsi, F. D. Amaro, M. Anthony, F. Arneodo, P. Barrow, L. Baudis, B. Bauermeister, M. L. Benabderrahmane, T. Berger, P. A. Breur, A. Brown, E. Brown, S. Bruenner, G. Bruno, R. Budnik, L. Bütikofer, J. Calven, J. M. R. Cardoso, M. Cervantes, D. Cichon, D. Coderre, A. P. Colijn, J. Conrad, J. P. Cussonneau, M. P. Decowski, P. de Perio, P. Di Gangi, A. Di Giovanni, S. Diglio, G. Eurin, J. Fei, A. D. Ferella, A. Fieguth, D. Franco, W. Fulgione, A. Gallo Rosso, M. Galloway, F. Gao, M. Garbini, C. Geis, L. W. Goetzke, L. Grandi, Z. Greene, C. Grignon, C. Hasterok, E. Hogenbirk, R. Itay, B. Kaminsky, G. Kessler, A. Kish, H. Landsman, R. F. Lang, D. Lellouch, L. Levinson, M. Le Calloch, Q. Lin, S. Lindemann, M. Lindner, J. A. M. Lopes, A. Manfredini, I. Maris, T. Marrodán Undagoitia, J. Masbou, F. V. Massoli, D. Masson, D. Mayani, M. Messina, K. Micheneau, B. Miguez, A. Molinario, M. Murra, J. Naganoma, K. Ni, U. Oberlack, P. Pakarha, B. Pelssers, R. Persiani, F. Piastra, J. Pienaar, M. -C. Piro, V. Pizzella, G. Plante, N. Priel, L. Rauch, S. Reichard, C. Reuter, A. Rizzo, S. Rosendahl, N. Rupp, R. Saldanha, J. M. F. dos Santos, G. Sartorelli, M. Scheibelhut, S. Schindler, J. Schreiner, M. Schumann, L. Scotto Lavina, M. Selvi, P. Shagin, E. Shockley, M. Silva, H. Simgen, M. v. Sivers, A. Stein, D. Thers, A. Tiseni, G. Trinchero, C. D. Tunnell, N. Upole, H. Wang, Y. Wei, C. Weinheimer, J. Wulf, J. Ye, Y. Zhang, M. Laubenstein, S. Nisi

The XENON1T dark matter experiment aims to detect Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) through low-energy interactions with xenon atoms. To detect such a rare event necessitates the use of radiopure materials to minimize the number of background events within the expected WIMP signal region. In this paper we report the results of an extensive material radioassay campaign for the XENON1T experiment. Read More

2017May

We present the first constraints on the spin-dependent, inelastic scattering cross section of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) on nucleons from XENON100 data with an exposure of 7.64$\times$10$^3$\,kg\,day. XENON100 is a dual-phase xenon time projection chamber with 62\,kg of active mass, operated at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) in Italy and designed to search for nuclear recoils from WIMP-nucleus interactions. Read More

2017Apr

We present the first search for dark matter-induced delayed coincidence signals in a dual-phase xenon time projection chamber, using the 224.6\,live days of the XENON100 science run~II. This very distinct signature is predicted in the framework of magnetic inelastic dark matter which has been proposed to reconcile the modulation signal reported by the DAMA/LIBRA collaboration with the null results from other direct detection experiments. Read More

The KATRIN experiment aims to determine the absolute neutrino mass by measuring the endpoint region of the tritium $\beta$ spectrum. As a large-scale experiment with a sharp energy resolution, high source luminosity and low background it may also be capable of testing certain theories of neutrino interactions beyond the standard model (SM). An example of a non-SM interaction are right-handed currents mediated by right-handed W bosons in the left-right symmetric model (LRSM). Read More

2017Feb
Authors: XENON Collaboration, E. Aprile, J. Aalbers, F. Agostini, M. Alfonsi, F. D. Amaro, M. Anthony, F. Arneodo, P. Barrow, L. Baudis, B. Bauermeister, M. L. Benabderrahmane, T. Berger, P. A. Breur, A. Brown, E. Brown, S. Bruenner, G. Bruno, R. Budnik, L. Bütikofer, J. Calvén, J. M. R. Cardoso, M. Cervantes, D. Cichon, D. Coderre, A. P. Colijn, J. Conrad, J. P. Cussonneau, M. P. Decowski, P. de Perio, P. Di Gangi, A. Di Giovanni, S. Diglio, E. Duchovni, G. Eurin, J. Fei, A. D. Ferella, A. Fieguth, D. Franco, W. Fulgione, A. Gallo Rosso, M. Galloway, F. Gao, M. Garbini, C. Geis, L. W. Goetzke, L. Grandi, Z. Greene, C. Grignon, C. Hasterok, E. Hogenbirk, R. Itay, B. Kaminsky, G. Kessler, A. Kish, H. Landsman, R. F. Lang, D. Lellouch, L. Levinson, M. Le Calloch, Q. Lin, S. Lindemann, M. Lindner, J. A. M. Lopes A. Manfredini, I. Maris, T. Marrodán Undagoitia, J. Masbou, F. V. Massoli, D. Masson, D. Mayani, Y. Meng, M. Messina, K. Micheneau, B. Miguez, A. Molinario, M. Murra, J. Naganoma, K. Ni, U. Oberlack, S. E. A. Orrigo, P. Pakarha, B. Pelssers, R. Persiani, F. Piastra, J. Pienaar, M. -C. Piro, V. Pizzella, G. Plante, N. Priel, L. Rauch, S. Reichard, C. Reuter, A. Rizzo, S. Rosendahl, N. Rupp, R. Saldanha, J. M. F. dos Santos, G. Sartorelli, M. Scheibelhut, S. Schindler, J. Schreiner, M. Schumann, L. Scotto Lavina, M. Selvi, P. Shagin, E. Shockley, M. Silva, H. Simgen, M. v. Sivers, A. Stein, D. Thers, A. Tiseni, G. Trinchero, C. Tunnell, N. Upole, H. Wang, Y. Wei, C. Weinheimer, J. Wulf, J. Ye, Y. Zhang, I. Cristescu

We describe the purification of xenon from traces of the radioactive noble gas radon using a cryogenic distillation column. The distillation column is integrated into the gas purification loop of the XENON100 detector for online radon removal. This enabled us to significantly reduce the constant $^{222}$Rn background originating from radon emanation. Read More

The KATRIN experiment aims at a direct and model independent determination of the neutrino mass with 0.2 eV/c^2 sensitivity (at 90% C.L. Read More

2017Jan

We report on a search for electronic recoil event rate modulation signatures in the XENON100 data accumulated over a period of 4 years, from January 2010 to January 2014. A profile likelihood method, which incorporates the stability of the XENON100 detector and the known electronic recoil background model, is used to quantify the significance of periodicity in the time distribution of events. There is a weak modulation signature at a period of $431^{+16}_{-14}$ days in the low energy region of $(2. Read More

2016Dec
Authors: XENON Collaboration, E. Aprile, J. Aalbers, F. Agostini, M. Alfonsi, F. D. Amaro, M. Anthony, F. Arneodo, P. Barrow, L. Baudis, B. Bauermeister, M. L. Benabderrahmane, T. Berger, P. A. Breur, A. Brown, E. Brown, S. Bruenner, G. Bruno, R. Budnik, L. Bütikofer, J. Calvén, J. M. R. Cardoso, M. Cervantes, D. Cichon, D. Coderre, A. P. Colijn, J. Conrad, J. P. Cussonneau, M. P. Decowski, P. de Perio, P. Di Gangi, A. Di Giovanni, S. Diglio, E. Duchovni, G. Eurin, J. Fei, A. D. Ferella, A. Fieguth, D. Franco, W. Fulgione, A. Gallo Rosso, M. Galloway, F. Gao, M. Garbini, C. Geis, L. W. Goetzke, L. Grandi, Z. Greene, C. Grignon, C. Hasterok, E. Hogenbirk, R. Itay, B. Kaminsky, G. Kessler, A. Kish, H. Landsman, R. F. Lang, D. Lellouch, L. Levinson, M. Le Calloch, Q. Lin, S. Lindemann, M. Lindner, J. A. M. Lopes A. Manfredini, I. Maris, T. Marrodán Undagoitia, J. Masbou, F. V. Massoli, D. Masson, D. Mayani, Y. Meng, M. Messina, K. Micheneau, B. Miguez, A. Molinario, M. Murra, J. Naganoma, K. Ni, U. Oberlack, S. E. A. Orrigo, P. Pakarha, B. Pelssers, R. Persiani, F. Piastra, J. Pienaar, M. -C. Piro, V. Pizzella, G. Plante, N. Priel, L. Rauch, S. Reichard, C. Reuter, A. Rizzo, S. Rosendahl, N. Rupp, R. Saldanha, J. M. F. dos Santos, G. Sartorelli, M. Scheibelhut, S. Schindler, J. Schreiner, M. Schumann, L. Scotto Lavina, M. Selvi, P. Shagin, E. Shockley, M. Silva, H. Simgen, M. v. Sivers, A. Stein, D. Thers, A. Tiseni, G. Trinchero, C. Tunnell, N. Upole, H. Wang, Y. Wei, C. Weinheimer, J. Wulf, J. Ye, Y. Zhang, I. Cristescu

The XENON1T experiment aims for the direct detection of dark matter in a cryostat filled with 3.3 tons of liquid xenon. In order to achieve the desired sensitivity, the background induced by radioactive decays inside the detector has to be sufficiently low. Read More

2016Nov
Authors: The XENON Collaboration, E. Aprile, J. Aalbers, F. Agostini, M. Alfonsi, F. D. Amaro, M. Anthony, F. Arneodo, P. Barrow, L. Baudis, B. Bauermeister, M. L. Benabderrahmane, T. Berger, P. A. Breur, A. Brown, E. Brown, S. Bruenner, G. Bruno, R. Budnik, L. Butikofer, J. Calven, J. M. R. Cardoso, M. Cervantes, D. Cichon, D. Coderre, A. P. Colijn, J. Conrad, J. P. Cussonneau, M. P. Decowski, P. dePerio, P. DiGangi, A. DiGiovanni, S. Diglio, E. Duchovni, G. Eurin, J. Fei, A. D. Ferella, A. Fieguth, D. Franco, W. Fulgione, A. Gallo Rosso, M. Galloway, F. Gao, M. Garbini, C. Geis, L. W. Goetzke, L. Grandi, Z. Greene, C. Grignon, C. Hasterok, E. Hogenbirk, R. Itay, B. Kaminsky, G. Kessler, A. Kish, H. Landsman, R. F. Lang, D. Lellouch, L. Levinson, M. LeCalloch, Q. Lin, S. Lindemann, M. Lindner, J. A. M. Lopes, A. Manfredini, I. Maris, T. Marrodan Undagoitia, J. Masbou, F. V. Massoli, D. Masson, D. Mayani, Y. Meng, M. Messina, K. Micheneau, B. Miguez, A. Molinario, M. Murra, J. Naganoma, K. Ni, U. Oberlack, S. E. A. Orrigo, P. Pakarha, B. Pelssers, R. Persiani, F. Piastra, J. Pienaar, M. -C. Piro, G. P lante, N. Priel, L. Rauch, S. Reichard, C. Reuter, A. Rizzo, S. Rosendahl, N. Rupp, R. Saldanha, J. M. F. dosSantos, G. Sartorelli, M. Scheibelhut, S. Schindler, J. Schreiner, M. Schumann, L. Scotto Lavina, M. Selvi, P. Shagin, E. Shockley, M. Silva, H. Simgen, M. v. Sivers, A. Stein, D. Thers, A. Tiseni, G. Trinchero, C. Tunnell, N. Upole, H. Wang, Y. Wei, C. Weinheimer, J. Wulf, J. Ye, Y. Zhang

A Rn-220 source is deployed on the XENON100 dark matter detector in order to address the challenges in calibration of tonne-scale liquid noble element detectors. We show that the Pb-212 beta emission can be used for low-energy electronic recoil calibration in searches for dark matter. The isotope spreads throughout the entire active region of the detector, and its activity naturally decays below background level within a week after the source is closed. Read More

2016Sep

We report on WIMP search results of the XENON100 experiment, combining three runs summing up to 477 live days from January 2010 to January 2014. Data from the first two runs were already published. A blind analysis was applied to the last run recorded between April 2013 and January 2014 prior to combining the results. Read More

2016Sep

Two-neutrino double electron capture is a rare nuclear decay where two electrons are simultaneously captured from the atomic shell. For $^{124}$Xe this process has not yet been observed and its detection would provide a new reference for nuclear matrix element calculations. We have conducted a search for two-neutrino double electron capture from the K-shell of $^{124}$Xe using 7636 kg$\cdot$d of data from the XENON100 dark matter detector. Read More

2016Jun

DARk matter WImp search with liquid xenoN (DARWIN) will be an experiment for the direct detection of dark matter using a multi-ton liquid xenon time projection chamber at its core. Its primary goal will be to explore the experimentally accessible parameter space for Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) in a wide mass-range, until neutrino interactions with the target become an irreducible background. The prompt scintillation light and the charge signals induced by particle interactions in the xenon will be observed by VUV sensitive, ultra-low background photosensors. Read More

2016May

We perform a low-mass dark matter search using an exposure of 30\,kg$\times$yr with the XENON100 detector. By dropping the requirement of a scintillation signal and using only the ionization signal to determine the interaction energy, we lowered the energy threshold for detection to 0.7\,keV for nuclear recoils. Read More

2016Mar
Authors: M. Arenz, M. Babutzka, M. Bahr, J. P. Barrett, S. Bauer, M. Beck, A. Beglarian, J. Behrens, T. Bergmann, U. Besserer, J. Blümer, L. I. Bodine, K. Bokeloh, J. Bonn, B. Bornschein, L. Bornschein, S. Büsch, T. H. Burritt, S. Chilingaryan, T. J. Corona, L. De Viveiros, P. J. Doe, O. Dragoun, G. Drexlin, S. Dyba, S. Ebenhöch, K. Eitel, E. Ellinger, S. Enomoto, M. Erhard, D. Eversheim, M. Fedkevych, A. Felden, S. Fischer, J. A. Formaggio, F. Fränkle, D. Furse, M. Ghilea, W. Gil, F. Glück, A. Gonzalez Urena, S. Görhardt, S. Groh, S. Grohmann, R. Grössle, R. Gumbsheimer, M. Hackenjos, V. Hannen, F. Harms, N. Hauÿmann, F. Heizmann, K. Helbing, W. Herz, S. Hickford, D. Hilk, B. Hillen, T. Höhn, B. Holzapfel, M. Hötzel, M. A. Howe, A. Huber, A. Jansen, N. Kernert, L. Kippenbrock, M. Kleesiek, M. Klein, A. Kopmann, A. Kosmider, A. Kovalík, B. Krasch, M. Kraus, H. Krause, M. Krause, L. Kuckert, B. Kuffner, L. La Cascio, O. Lebeda, B. Leiber, J. Letnev, V. M. Lobashev, A. Lokhov, E. Malcherek, M. Mark, E. L. Martin, S. Mertens, S. Mirz, B. Monreal, K. Müller, M. Neuberger, H. Neumann, S. Niemes, M. Noe, N. S. Oblath, A. Off, H. -W. Ortjohann, A. Osipowicz, E. Otten, D. S. Parno, P. Plischke, A. W. P. Poon, M. Prall, F. Priester, P. C. -O. Ranitzsch, J. Reich, O. Rest, R. G. H. Robertson, M. Röllig, S. Rosendahl, S. Rupp, M. Rysavy, K. Schlösser, M. Schlösser, K. Schönung, M. Schrank, J. Schwarz, W. Seiler, H. Seitz-Moskaliuk, J. Sentkerestiova, A. Skasyrskaya, M. Slezak, A. Spalek, M. Steidl, N. Steinbrink, M. Sturm, M. Suesser, H. H. Telle, T. Thümmler, N. Titov, I. Tkachev, N. Trost, A. Unru, K. Valerius, D. Venos, R. Vianden, S. Vöcking, B. L. Wall, N. Wandkowsky, M. Weber, C. Weinheimer, C. Weiss, S. Welte, J. Wendel, K. L. Wierman, J. F. Wilkerson, D. Winzen, J. Wolf, S. Wüstling, M. Zacher, S. Zadoroghny, M. Zboril

The KATRIN experiment will probe the neutrino mass by measuring the beta-electron energy spectrum near the endpoint of tritium beta-decay. An integral energy analysis will be performed by an electro-static spectrometer (Main Spectrometer), an ultra-high vacuum vessel with a length of 23.2 m, a volume of 1240 m^3, and a complex inner electrode system with about 120000 individual parts. Read More

2016Feb
Authors: R. Adhikari, M. Agostini, N. Anh Ky, T. Araki, M. Archidiacono, M. Bahr, J. Baur, J. Behrens, F. Bezrukov, P. S. Bhupal Dev, D. Borah, A. Boyarsky, A. de Gouvea, C. A. de S. Pires, H. J. de Vega, A. G. Dias, P. Di Bari, Z. Djurcic, K. Dolde, H. Dorrer, M. Durero, O. Dragoun, M. Drewes, G. Drexlin, Ch. E. Düllmann, K. Eberhardt, S. Eliseev, C. Enss, N. W. Evans, A. Faessler, P. Filianin, V. Fischer, A. Fleischmann, J. A. Formaggio, J. Franse, F. M. Fraenkle, C. S. Frenk, G. Fuller, L. Gastaldo, A. Garzilli, C. Giunti, F. Glück, M. C. Goodman, M. C. Gonzalez-Garcia, D. Gorbunov, J. Hamann, V. Hannen, S. Hannestad, S. H. Hansen, C. Hassel, J. Heeck, F. Hofmann, T. Houdy, A. Huber, D. Iakubovskyi, A. Ianni, A. Ibarra, R. Jacobsson, T. Jeltema, J. Jochum, S. Kempf, T. Kieck, M. Korzeczek, V. Kornoukhov, T. Lachenmaier, M. Laine, P. Langacker, T. Lasserre, J. Lesgourgues, D. Lhuillier, Y. F. Li, W. Liao, A. W. Long, M. Maltoni, G. Mangano, N. E. Mavromatos, N. Menci, A. Merle, S. Mertens, A. Mirizzi, B. Monreal, A. Nozik, A. Neronov, V. Niro, Y. Novikov, L. Oberauer, E. Otten, N. Palanque-Delabrouille, M. Pallavicini, V. S. Pantuev, E. Papastergis, S. Parke, S. Pascoli, S. Pastor, A. Patwardhan, A. Pilaftsis, D. C. Radford, P. C. -O. Ranitzsch, O. Rest, D. J. Robinson, P. S. Rodrigues da Silva, O. Ruchayskiy, N. G. Sanchez, M. Sasaki, N. Saviano, A. Schneider, F. Schneider, T. Schwetz, S. Schönert, S. Scholl, F. Shankar, R. Shrock, N. Steinbrink, L. Strigari, F. Suekane, B. Suerfu, R. Takahashi, N. Thi Hong Van, I. Tkachev, M. Totzauer, Y. Tsai, C. G. Tully, K. Valerius, J. W. F. Valle, D. Venos, M. Viel, M. Vivier, M. Y. Wang, C. Weinheimer, K. Wendt, L. Winslow, J. Wolf, M. Wurm, Z. Xing, S. Zhou, K. Zuber

We present a comprehensive review of keV-scale sterile neutrino Dark Matter, collecting views and insights from all disciplines involved - cosmology, astrophysics, nuclear, and particle physics - in each case viewed from both theoretical and experimental/observational perspectives. After reviewing the role of active neutrinos in particle physics, astrophysics, and cosmology, we focus on sterile neutrinos in the context of the Dark Matter puzzle. Here, we first review the physics motivation for sterile neutrino Dark Matter, based on challenges and tensions in purely cold Dark Matter scenarios. Read More

2015Dec

The XENON1T experiment is currently in the commissioning phase at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Italy. In this article we study the experiment's expected sensitivity to the spin-independent WIMP-nucleon interaction cross section, based on Monte Carlo predictions of the electronic and nuclear recoil backgrounds. The total electronic recoil background in $1$ tonne fiducial volume and ($1$, $12$) keV electronic recoil equivalent energy region, before applying any selection to discriminate between electronic and nuclear recoils, is $(1. Read More

Laboratory experiments searching for galactic dark matter particles scattering off nuclei have so far not been able to establish a discovery. We use data from the XENON100 experiment to search for dark matter interacting with electrons. With no evidence for a signal above the low background of our experiment, we exclude a variety of representative dark matter models that would induce electronic recoils. Read More

2015Jul

We have searched for periodic variations of the electronic recoil event rate in the (2-6) keV energy range recorded between February 2011 and March 2012 with the XENON100 detector, adding up to 224.6 live days in total. Following a detailed study to establish the stability of the detector and its background contributions during this run, we performed an un-binned profile likelihood analysis to identify any periodicity up to 500 days. Read More

2015Mar
Affiliations: 1The XENON Collaboration, 2The XENON Collaboration, 3The XENON Collaboration, 4The XENON Collaboration, 5The XENON Collaboration, 6The XENON Collaboration, 7The XENON Collaboration, 8The XENON Collaboration, 9The XENON Collaboration, 10The XENON Collaboration, 11The XENON Collaboration, 12The XENON Collaboration, 13The XENON Collaboration, 14The XENON Collaboration, 15The XENON Collaboration, 16The XENON Collaboration, 17The XENON Collaboration, 18The XENON Collaboration, 19The XENON Collaboration, 20The XENON Collaboration, 21The XENON Collaboration, 22The XENON Collaboration, 23The XENON Collaboration, 24The XENON Collaboration, 25The XENON Collaboration, 26The XENON Collaboration, 27The XENON Collaboration, 28The XENON Collaboration, 29The XENON Collaboration, 30The XENON Collaboration, 31The XENON Collaboration, 32The XENON Collaboration, 33The XENON Collaboration, 34The XENON Collaboration, 35The XENON Collaboration, 36The XENON Collaboration, 37The XENON Collaboration, 38The XENON Collaboration, 39The XENON Collaboration, 40The XENON Collaboration, 41The XENON Collaboration, 42The XENON Collaboration, 43The XENON Collaboration, 44The XENON Collaboration, 45The XENON Collaboration, 46The XENON Collaboration, 47The XENON Collaboration, 48The XENON Collaboration, 49The XENON Collaboration, 50The XENON Collaboration, 51The XENON Collaboration, 52The XENON Collaboration, 53The XENON Collaboration, 54The XENON Collaboration, 55The XENON Collaboration, 56The XENON Collaboration, 57The XENON Collaboration, 58The XENON Collaboration, 59The XENON Collaboration, 60The XENON Collaboration, 61The XENON Collaboration, 62The XENON Collaboration, 63The XENON Collaboration, 64The XENON Collaboration, 65The XENON Collaboration, 66The XENON Collaboration, 67The XENON Collaboration, 68The XENON Collaboration, 69The XENON Collaboration, 70The XENON Collaboration, 71The XENON Collaboration, 72The XENON Collaboration, 73The XENON Collaboration, 74The XENON Collaboration, 75The XENON Collaboration, 76The XENON Collaboration, 77The XENON Collaboration, 78The XENON Collaboration, 79The XENON Collaboration, 80The XENON Collaboration, 81The XENON Collaboration, 82The XENON Collaboration, 83The XENON Collaboration, 84The XENON Collaboration, 85The XENON Collaboration, 86The XENON Collaboration, 87The XENON Collaboration, 88The XENON Collaboration, 89The XENON Collaboration, 90The XENON Collaboration, 91The XENON Collaboration, 92The XENON Collaboration, 93The XENON Collaboration, 94The XENON Collaboration, 95The XENON Collaboration, 96The XENON Collaboration, 97The XENON Collaboration

The low-background, VUV-sensitive 3-inch diameter photomultiplier tube R11410 has been developed by Hamamatsu for dark matter direct detection experiments using liquid xenon as the target material. We present the results from the joint effort between the XENON collaboration and the Hamamatsu company to produce a highly radio-pure photosensor (version R11410-21) for the XENON1T dark matter experiment. After introducing the photosensor and its components, we show the methods and results of the radioactive contamination measurements of the individual materials employed in the photomultiplier production. Read More

The KATRIN experiment is going to search for the average mass of the electron antineutrino with a sensitivity of 0.2 eV/c2. It uses a retardation spectrometer of MAC-E filter type to accurately measure the shape of the electron spectrum at the endpoint of tritium beta decay. Read More

We investigate the sensitivity of tritium $\beta$-decay experiments for keV-scale sterile neutrinos. Relic sterile neutrinos in the keV mass range can contribute both to the cold and warm dark matter content of the universe. This work shows that a large-scale tritium beta-decay experiment, similar to the KATRIN experiment that is under construction, can reach a statistical sensitivity of the active-sterile neutrino mixing of $\sin^2\theta \sim 10^{-8}$. Read More

The radioactive isomer $^{83\mathrm{m}}$Kr has many properties that make it very useful for various applications. Its low energy decay products, like conversion, shake-off and Auger electrons as well as X- and $\gamma$-rays are used for calibration purposes in neutrino mass experiments and direct dark matter detection experiments. Thanks to the short half-life of 1. Read More

2014Jun
Affiliations: 1The XENON Collaboration, 2The XENON Collaboration, 3The XENON Collaboration, 4The XENON Collaboration, 5The XENON Collaboration, 6The XENON Collaboration, 7The XENON Collaboration, 8The XENON Collaboration, 9The XENON Collaboration, 10The XENON Collaboration, 11The XENON Collaboration, 12The XENON Collaboration, 13The XENON Collaboration, 14The XENON Collaboration, 15The XENON Collaboration, 16The XENON Collaboration, 17The XENON Collaboration, 18The XENON Collaboration, 19The XENON Collaboration, 20The XENON Collaboration, 21The XENON Collaboration, 22The XENON Collaboration, 23The XENON Collaboration, 24The XENON Collaboration, 25The XENON Collaboration, 26The XENON Collaboration, 27The XENON Collaboration, 28The XENON Collaboration, 29The XENON Collaboration, 30The XENON Collaboration, 31The XENON Collaboration, 32The XENON Collaboration, 33The XENON Collaboration, 34The XENON Collaboration, 35The XENON Collaboration, 36The XENON Collaboration, 37The XENON Collaboration, 38The XENON Collaboration, 39The XENON Collaboration, 40The XENON Collaboration, 41The XENON Collaboration, 42The XENON Collaboration, 43The XENON Collaboration, 44The XENON Collaboration, 45The XENON Collaboration, 46The XENON Collaboration, 47The XENON Collaboration, 48The XENON Collaboration, 49The XENON Collaboration, 50The XENON Collaboration, 51The XENON Collaboration, 52The XENON Collaboration, 53The XENON Collaboration, 54The XENON Collaboration, 55The XENON Collaboration, 56The XENON Collaboration, 57The XENON Collaboration, 58The XENON Collaboration, 59The XENON Collaboration, 60The XENON Collaboration, 61The XENON Collaboration, 62The XENON Collaboration, 63The XENON Collaboration, 64The XENON Collaboration, 65The XENON Collaboration, 66The XENON Collaboration, 67The XENON Collaboration, 68The XENON Collaboration, 69The XENON Collaboration, 70The XENON Collaboration, 71The XENON Collaboration, 72The XENON Collaboration, 73The XENON Collaboration, 74The XENON Collaboration, 75The XENON Collaboration, 76The XENON Collaboration, 77The XENON Collaboration, 78The XENON Collaboration, 79The XENON Collaboration, 80The XENON Collaboration, 81The XENON Collaboration, 82The XENON Collaboration, 83The XENON Collaboration, 84The XENON Collaboration, 85The XENON Collaboration, 86The XENON Collaboration, 87The XENON Collaboration, 88The XENON Collaboration, 89The XENON Collaboration, 90The XENON Collaboration, 91The XENON Collaboration

XENON is a dark matter direct detection project, consisting of a time projection chamber (TPC) filled with liquid xenon as detection medium. The construction of the next generation detector, XENON1T, is presently taking place at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) in Italy. It aims at a sensitivity to spin-independent cross sections of $2 \cdot 10^{-47} ~ \mathrm{cm}^{\mathrm{2}}$ for WIMP masses around 50 GeV/c$^{2}$, which requires a background reduction by two orders of magnitude compared to XENON100, the current generation detector. Read More

We present the first results of searches for axions and axion-like-particles with the XENON100 experiment. The axion-electron coupling constant, $g_{Ae}$, has been probed by exploiting the axio-electric effect in liquid xenon. A profile likelihood analysis of 224. Read More

We performed a laser spectroscopic determination of the $2s$ hyperfine splitting (HFS) of Li-like $^{209}\text{Bi}^{80+}$ and repeated the measurement of the $1s$ HFS of H-like $^{209}\text{Bi}^{82+}$. Both ion species were subsequently stored in the Experimental Storage Ring at the GSI Helmholtzzentrum f\"ur Schwerionenforschung Darmstadt and cooled with an electron cooler at a velocity of $\approx 0.71\,c$. Read More

The XENON100 dark matter experiment uses liquid xenon in a time projection chamber (TPC) to measure xenon nuclear recoils resulting from the scattering of dark matter Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs). In this paper, we report the observation of single-electron charge signals which are not related to WIMP interactions. These signals, which show the excellent sensitivity of the detector to small charge signals, are explained as being due to the photoionization of impurities in the liquid xenon and of the metal components inside the TPC. Read More

The KATRIN (KArlsruhe TRItium Neutrino) experiment aims to determine the mass of the electron antineutrino with a sensitivity of 200meV by precisely measuring the electron spectrum of the tritium beta decay. This will be done by the use of a retarding spectrometer of the MAC-E-Filter type. To achieve the desired sensitivity the stability of the retarding potential of -18. Read More

In this paper we describe a new variant of null ellipsometry to determine thicknesses and optical properties of thin films on a substrate at cryogenic temperatures. In the PCSA arrangement of ellipsometry the polarizer and the compensator are placed before the substrate and the analyzer after it. Usually, the polarizer and the analyzer are rotated to find the intensity minimum searched for in null ellipsometry. Read More

The various experiments on neutrino oscillation evidenced that neutrinos have indeed non-zero masses but cannot tell us the absolute neutrino mass scale. This scale of neutrino masses is very important for understanding the evolution and the structure formation of the universe as well as for nuclear and particle physics beyond the present Standard Model. Complementary to deducing constraints on the sum of all neutrino masses from cosmological observations two different methods to determine the neutrino mass scale in the laboratory are pursued: the search for neutrinoless double $\beta$-decay and the direct neutrino mass search by investigating single $\beta$-decays or electron captures. Read More

In this contribution we review the status and perspectives of direct neutrino mass experiments. These experiments investigate the kinematics of $\beta$-decays of specific isotopes ($^3$H, $^{187}$Re, $^{163}$Ho) to derive model-independent information on the averaged electron (anti-) neutrino mass, which is formed by the incoherent sum of the neutrino mass eigenstates contributing to the electron neutrino. We first review the kinematics of $\beta$-decay and the determination of the neutrino mass, before giving a brief overview of past neutrino mass measurements (SN1987a-ToF studies, Mainz and Troitsk experiments for $^3$H, cryo-bolometers for $^{187}$Re). Read More

2013Jun
Affiliations: 1XENON Collaboration, 2XENON Collaboration, 3XENON Collaboration, 4XENON Collaboration, 5XENON Collaboration, 6XENON Collaboration, 7XENON Collaboration, 8XENON Collaboration, 9XENON Collaboration, 10XENON Collaboration, 11XENON Collaboration, 12XENON Collaboration, 13XENON Collaboration, 14XENON Collaboration, 15XENON Collaboration, 16XENON Collaboration, 17XENON Collaboration, 18XENON Collaboration, 19XENON Collaboration, 20XENON Collaboration, 21XENON Collaboration, 22XENON Collaboration, 23XENON Collaboration, 24XENON Collaboration, 25XENON Collaboration, 26XENON Collaboration, 27XENON Collaboration, 28XENON Collaboration, 29XENON Collaboration, 30XENON Collaboration, 31XENON Collaboration, 32XENON Collaboration, 33XENON Collaboration, 34XENON Collaboration, 35XENON Collaboration, 36XENON Collaboration, 37XENON Collaboration, 38XENON Collaboration, 39XENON Collaboration, 40XENON Collaboration, 41XENON Collaboration, 42XENON Collaboration, 43XENON Collaboration, 44XENON Collaboration, 45XENON Collaboration, 46XENON Collaboration, 47XENON Collaboration, 48XENON Collaboration, 49XENON Collaboration, 50XENON Collaboration, 51XENON Collaboration, 52XENON Collaboration, 53XENON Collaboration, 54XENON Collaboration, 55XENON Collaboration, 56XENON Collaboration, 57XENON Collaboration, 58XENON Collaboration, 59XENON Collaboration, 60XENON Collaboration, 61XENON Collaboration, 62XENON Collaboration, 63XENON Collaboration, 64XENON Collaboration, 65XENON Collaboration, 66XENON Collaboration, 67XENON Collaboration, 68XENON Collaboration, 69XENON Collaboration, 70XENON Collaboration, 71XENON Collaboration, 72XENON Collaboration, 73XENON Collaboration, 74XENON Collaboration, 75XENON Collaboration, 76XENON Collaboration, 77XENON Collaboration

The XENON100 experiment, installed underground at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS), aims to directly detect dark matter in the form of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) via their elastic scattering off xenon nuclei. This paper presents a study on the nuclear recoil background of the experiment, taking into account neutron backgrounds from ($\alpha$,n) and spontaneous fission reactions due to natural radioactivity in the detector and shield materials, as well as muon-induced neutrons. Based on Monte Carlo simulations and using measured radioactive contaminations of all detector components, we predict the nuclear recoil backgrounds for the WIMP search results published by the XENON100 experiment in 2011 and 2012, 0. Read More

A single photon counting system has been developed for efficient detection of forward emitted fluorescence photons at the Experimental Storage Ring (ESR) at GSI. The system employs a movable parabolic mirror with a central slit that can be positioned around the ion beam and a selected low noise photomultiplier for detection of the collected photons. Compared to the previously used system of mirror segments installed inside the ESR the collection efficiency for forward-emitted photons is improved by more than a factor of 5. Read More

Results from the nuclear recoil calibration of the XENON100 dark matter detector installed underground at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS), Italy are presented. Data from measurements with an external 241AmBe neutron source are compared with a detailed Monte Carlo simulation which is used to extract the energy dependent charge-yield Qy and relative scintillation efficiency Leff. A very good level of absolute spectral matching is achieved in both observable signal channels - scintillation S1 and ionization S2 - along with agreement in the 2-dimensional particle discrimination space. Read More

We present new experimental constraints on the elastic, spin-dependent WIMP-nucleon cross section using recent data from the XENON100 experiment, operated in the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Italy. An analysis of 224.6 live days x 34 kg of exposure acquired during 2011 and 2012 revealed no excess signal due to axial-vector WIMP interactions with 129-Xe and 131-Xe nuclei. Read More

The KATRIN experiment aims at the direct model-independent determination of the average electron neutrino mass via the measurement of the endpoint region of the tritium beta decay spectrum. The electron spectrometer of the MAC-E filter type is used, requiring very high stability of the electric filtering potential. This work proves the feasibility of implanted 83Rb/83mKr calibration electron sources which will be utilised in the additional monitor spectrometer sharing the high voltage with the main spectrometer of KATRIN. Read More

A new method for measuring trace amounts of krypton in xenon using a cold trap with a residual gas analyzer has been developed, which achieves an increased sensitivity by temporarily reducing the pumping speed while expending a minimal amount of xenon. By partially closing a custom built butterfly valve between the measurement chamber and the turbomolecular pump, a sensitivity of 40 ppt has been reached. This method has been tested on an ultra-pure gas sample from Air Liquide with an unknown intrinsic krypton concentration, yielding a krypton concentration of $330 \pm 200$ ppt. Read More

The XENON100 experiment, in operation at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) in Italy, was designed to search for evidence of dark matter interactions inside a volume of liquid xenon using a dual-phase time projection chamber. This paper describes the Slow Control System (SCS) of the experiment with emphasis on the distributed architecture as well as on its modular and expandable nature. The system software was designed according to the rules of Object-Oriented Programming and coded in Java, thus promoting code reusability and maximum flexibility during commissioning of the experiment. Read More

The recent analysis of the normalization of reactor antineutrino data, the calibration data of solar neutrino experiments using gallium targets, and the results from the neutrino oscillation experiment MiniBooNE suggest the existence of a fourth light neutrino mass state with a mass of O(eV), which contributes to the electron neutrino with a sizable mixing angle. Since we know from measurements of the width of the Z0 resonance that there are only three active neutrinos, a fourth neutrino should be sterile (i.e. Read More

In a recent manuscript (arXiv:1208.5046) Peter Sorensen claims that XENON100's upper limits on spin-independent WIMP-nucleon cross sections for WIMP masses below 10 GeV "may be understated by one order of magnitude or more". Having performed a similar, though more detailed analysis prior to the submission of our new result (arXiv:1207. Read More

We report on a search for particle dark matter with the XENON100 experiment, operated at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso (LNGS) for 13 months during 2011 and 2012. XENON100 features an ultra-low electromagnetic background of (5.3 \pm 0. Read More

Vacuum ultraviolet light sensitive photomultiplier tubes directly coupled to liquid xenon are being used to efficiently detect the 178 nm scintillation light in a variety of liquid xenon based particle detectors. Good knowledge of the performance of these photomultipliers under cryogenic conditions is needed to properly characterize these detectors. Here, we report on measurements of the quantum efficiency of Hamamatsu R8520 photomultipliers, used in the XENON Dark Matter Experiments. Read More

The XENON100 experiment, situated in the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, aims at the direct detection of dark matter in the form of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs), based on their interactions with xenon nuclei in an ultra low background dual-phase time projection chamber. This paper describes the general methods developed for the analysis of the XENON100 data. These methods have been used in the 100. Read More

For the SPECTRAP experiment at GSI, Germany, detectors with Single-Photon counting capability in the visible and near-infrared regime are required. For the wavelength region up to 1100 nm we investigate the performance of 2x2 mm^2 avalanche photo diodes (APDs) of type S0223 manufactured by Radiation Monitoring Devices. To minimize thermal noise, the APDs are cooled to approximately -170 deg. Read More

The isomer 83mKr with its half-life of 1.83 h is an ideal calibration source for a liquid noble gas dark matter experiment like the XENON project. However, the risk of contamination of the detector with traces of the much longer lived mother isotop 83Rb (86. Read More

The KATRIN (KArlsruhe TRItium Neutrino) experiment will be analyzing the tritium beta-spectrum to determine the mass of the neutrino with a sensitivity of 0.2 eV (90% C.L. Read More