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C. Tsai
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C. Tsai

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Astrophysics of Galaxies (19)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (12)
Physics - Accelerator Physics (6)
Mathematics - Representation Theory (3)
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (3)
Computer Science - Learning (3)
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (2)
Computer Science - Computation and Language (2)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (2)
Mathematics - Algebraic Geometry (2)
Computer Science - Computers and Society (2)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition (1)
Mathematics - Geometric Topology (1)
Quantitative Biology - Biomolecules (1)
Physics - Optics (1)
Quantitative Biology - Molecular Networks (1)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
Mathematics - Symplectic Geometry (1)
Nuclear Experiment (1)
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (1)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
Physics - General Physics (1)
Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)
Statistics - Methodology (1)
Physics - Materials Science (1)

Publications Authored By C. Tsai

We investigate extremely luminous dusty galaxies in the environments around WISE-selected hot dust obscured galaxies (Hot DOGs) and WISE/radio-selected active galactic nuclei (AGNs) at average redshifts of z = 2.7 and z = 1.7, respectively. Read More

To increase the scalability of Software Defined Networks (SDNs), flow aggregation schemes have been proposed to merge multiple mouse flows into an elephant aggregated flow for traffic engineering. In this paper, we first notice that the user bit-rate requirements of mouse flows are no longer guaranteed in the aggregated flow since the flow rate decided by the TCP allocation is usually different from the desired bit-rate of each user. To address the above issue, we present a novel architecture, named Flexible Flow And Rate Management (F$^2$ARM), to control the rates of only a few flows in order to increase the scalability of SDN, while leaving the uncontrolled flows managed by TCP. Read More

Hot, Dust-Obscured Galaxies, or "Hot DOGs", are a rare, dusty, hyperluminous galaxy population discovered by the WISE mission. Predominantly at redshifts 2-3, they include the most luminous known galaxies in the universe. Their high luminosities likely come from accretion onto highly obscured super massive black holes (SMBHs). Read More

Eavesdropping attacks in inference systems aim to learn not the raw data, but the system inferences to predict and manipulate system actions. We argue that conventional information security measures can be ambiguous on the adversary's estimation abilities, and adopt instead a distortion based framework that enables to operate over a metric space. We show that requiring perfect distortion-based security is more frugal than requiring perfect information-theoretic secrecy even for block length one codes, offering in some cases unbounded gains. Read More

The WISE satellite surveyed the entire sky multiple times in four infrared (IR) wavelengths ($3.4,\ 4.6,\ 12,$ and $22\ \mu$m, Wright et al. Read More

The WISE satellite surveyed the entire sky multiple times in four infrared wavelengths (3.4, 4.6, 12, and $22\,\mu$m; Wright et al. Read More

We present a novel neural network algorithm, the Tensor Switching (TS) network, which generalizes the Rectified Linear Unit (ReLU) nonlinearity to tensor-valued hidden units. The TS network copies its entire input vector to different locations in an expanded representation, with the location determined by its hidden unit activity. In this way, even a simple linear readout from the TS representation can implement a highly expressive deep-network-like function. Read More

Let $\mathbf{G}$ be a connected split reductive group over a field of characteristic zero or sufficiently large characteristic, $\gamma_0\in(\operatorname{Lie}\mathbf{G})((t))$ be any topologically nilpotent regular semisimple element, and $\gamma=t\gamma_0$. Using methods from $p$-adic orbital integrals, we show that the number of components of the Iwahori affine Springer fiber over $\gamma$ modulo $Z_{\mathbf{G}((t))}(\gamma)$ is equal to the order of the Weyl group. Read More

Hot, Dust-Obscured Galaxies (Hot DOGs), selected from the WISE all sky infrared survey, host some of the most powerful Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) known, and might represent an important stage in the evolution of galaxies. Most known Hot DOGs are at $z> 1.5$, due in part to a strong bias against identifying them at lower redshift related to the selection criteria. Read More

The concept of photon is not necessary only applied to the relativistic Doppler theory. It may also work well for classical theory. As conservation of momentum and energy are physical laws, if applying these laws gives the exact relativistic Doppler effect, it should also give the exact classical Doppler effect. Read More

We propose a new sparse estimation method, termed MIC (Minimum approximated Information Criterion), for generalized linear models (GLM) in fixed dimensions. What is essentially involved in MIC is the approximation of the $\ell_0$-norm with a continuous unit dent function. Besides, a reparameterization step is devised to enforce sparsity in parameter estimates while maintaining the smoothness of the objective function. Read More

The Polarized Electrons for Polarized Positrons experiment at the injector of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility has demonstrated for the first time the efficient transfer of polarization from electrons to positrons produced by the polarized bremsstrahlung radiation induced by a polarized electron beam in a high-$Z$ target. Positron polarization up to 82\% have been measured for an initial electron beam momentum of 8.19~MeV/$c$, limited only by the electron beam polarization. Read More

SPHEREx is a proposed SMEX mission selected for Phase A. SPHEREx will carry out the first all-sky spectral survey and provide for every 6.2" pixel a spectra between 0. Read More

We study the uniqueness of minimal submanifolds and the stability of the mean curvature flow in several well-known model spaces of manifolds of special holonomy. These include the Stenzel metric on the cotangent bundle of spheres, the Calabi metric on the cotangent bundle of complex projective spaces, and the Bryant--Salamon metrics on vector bundles over certain Einstein manifolds. In particular, we show that the zero sections, as calibrated submanifolds with respect to their respective ambient metrics, are unique among compact minimal submanifolds and are dynamically stable under the mean curvature flow. Read More

The astronomy community has at its disposal a large back catalog of public spectroscopic galaxy redshift surveys that can be used for the measurement of luminosity functions. Utilizing the back catalog with new photometric surveys to maximum efficiency requires modeling the color selection bias imposed on selection of target galaxies by flux limits at multiple wavelengths. The likelihood derived herein can address, in principle, all possible color selection biases through the use of a generalization of the luminosity function, $\Phi(L)$, over the space of all spectra: the spectro-luminosity functional, $\Psi[L_\nu]$. Read More

In this work we aim to discover high quality speech features and linguistic units directly from unlabeled speech data in a zero resource scenario. The results are evaluated using the metrics and corpora proposed in the Zero Resource Speech Challenge organized at Interspeech 2015. A Multi-layered Acoustic Tokenizer (MAT) was proposed for automatic discovery of multiple sets of acoustic tokens from the given corpus. Read More

This article has two parallel perspectives: to demonstrate an inductive structure of Shalika germs, and to show an analogous inductive structure for affine Springer fibers. More precisely, we give an algorithm to compute arbitrary Shalika germs (resp. affine Springer fibers up to stratification) in terms of three ingredients: Shalika germs (resp. Read More

An improved method for characterizing the magnetic anisotropy of films with cubic symmetry is described and is applied to an yttrium iron garnet (111) film. Analysis of the FMR spectra performed both in-plane and out-of-plane from 0.7 to 8 GHz yielded the magnetic anisotropy constants as well as the saturation magnetization. Read More

Hot Dust-Obscured Galaxies (Hot DOGs) are a population of hyper-luminous infrared galaxies identified by the WISE mission from their very red mid-IR colors, and characterized by hot dust temperatures ($T>60~\rm K$). Several studies have shown clear evidence that the IR emission in these objects is powered by a highly dust-obscured AGN that shows close to Compton-thick absorption at X-ray wavelengths. Thanks to the high AGN obscuration, the host galaxy is easily observable, and has UV/optical colors usually consistent with those of a normal galaxy. Read More

Observed at z = 4.601 and with L_bol = 3.5 x 10^14 Lsun, W2246-0526 is the most luminous galaxy known in the Universe, and hosts a deeply-buried active galactic nucleus (AGN)/super-massive black hole (SMBH). Read More

As is known, microbunching instability (MBI) has been one of the most challenging issues in designs of magnetic chicanes for short-wavelength free-electron lasers or linear colliders, as well as those of transport lines for recirculating or energy recovery linac machines. To more accurately quantify MBI in a single-pass system and for more complete analyses, we further extend and continue to increase the capabilities of our previously developed linear Vlasov solver [1] to incorporate more relevant impedance models into the code, including transient and steady-state free-space and/or shielding coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) impedances, the longitudinal space charge (LSC) impedances, and the linac geometric impedances with extension of the existing formulation to include beam acceleration [2]. Then, we directly solve the linearized Vlasov equation numerically for microbunching gain amplification factor. Read More

Coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) induced microbunching instability has been one of the most challenging issues in the design of modern accelerators. A linear Vlasov solver has been developed [1] and applied to investigate the physical processes of microbunching gain amplification for several example lattices [2]. In this paper, by further extending the concept of stage gain as proposed by Huang and Kim [3], we develop a method to characterize the microbunching development in terms of stage orders that allow the quantitative comparison of optics impacts on microbunching gain for different lattices. Read More

In this work we apply the Landau-Lifshitz pseudotensor flux formalism to the calculation of the total mass and the total angular momentum during the evolution of a binary black hole system. We also compare its performance with the traditional integrations for the global quantities. It shows that the advantage of the pseudotensor flux formalism is the smoothness of the numerical value of the global quantities, especially of the total angular momentum. Read More

In this article, for nilpotent orbits of ramified quasi-split unitary groups with two Jordan blocks, we give closed formulas for their Shalika germs at certain equi-valued elements with half-integral depth previously studied by Hales. These elements are parametrized by hyperelliptic curves defined over the residue field, and the numbers we obtain can be expressed in terms of Frobenius eigenvalues on the $\ell$-adic $H^1$ of the curves, generalizing previous result of Hales on stable subregular Shalika germs. These Shalika germ formulas imply new results on stability and endoscopic transfer of nilpotent orbital integrals of ramified unitary groups. Read More

This paper summarizes the work done by the authors for the Zero Resource Speech Challenge organized in the technical program of Interspeech 2015. The goal of the challenge is to discover linguistic units directly from unlabeled speech data. The Multi-layered Acoustic Tokenizer (MAT) proposed in this work automatically discovers multiple sets of acoustic tokens from the given corpus. Read More

Affiliations: 1Ned, 2Ned, 3Ned, 4Ned, 5Ned, 6Ned, 7Ned, 8Ned, 9Ned, 10Ned, 11Ned, 12Ned, 13Ned, 14Ned, 15Ned, 16Ned, 17Ned, 18Ned, 19Ned, 20Ned, 21Ned, 22Ned, 23Ned, 24Ned, 25Ned, 26Ned, 27Ned, 28Ned, 29Ned, 30Ned, 31Ned, 32Ned, 33Ned, 34Ned, 35Ned, 36Ned, 37Ned, 38Ned, 39Ned, 40Ned, 41Ned, 42Ned, 43Ned, 44Ned, 45Ned, 46Ned, 47Ned, 48Ned, 49Ned, 50Ned, 51Ned

During the "WISE at 5: Legacy and Prospects" conference in Pasadena, CA -- which ran from February 10 - 12, 2015 -- attendees were invited to engage in an interactive session exploring the future uses of the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) data. The 65 participants -- many of whom are extensive users of the data -- brainstormed the top questions still to be answered by the mission, as well as the complementary current and future datasets and additional processing of WISE/NEOWISE data that would aid in addressing these most important scientific questions. The results were mainly bifurcated between topics related to extragalactic studies (e. Read More

The coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) of a high brightness electron beam traversing a series of dipoles, such as transport or recirculation arcs, may result in the microbunching instability ({\mu}BI). To accurately quantify the direct consequence of this effect, we further extend our previously developed semi-analytical Vlasov solver [C. -Y. Read More

The thermoelectric properties of quantum dot arrays (QDAs) embedded in nanowires connected to electrodes are studied theoretically in the Coulomb blockade regime. A Hurbbard-Anderson model is used to simulate the electronic contribution to thermoelectric proper- ties of a QDA junction system. The electrical conductance, Seebeck coefficient, and electron thermal conductance are calculated by both the Keldysh Green function method and the mean-field approach. Read More

We present JCMT SCUBA-2 850microns submillimetre (submm) observations of 30 mid-infrared (mid-IR) luminous AGN, detected jointly by the WISE all-sky IR survey and the NVSS/FIRST radio survey. These rare sources are selected by their extremely red mid-infrared spectral energy distributions (SEDs) and compact radio counterparts. Further investigations show that they are highly obscured, have abundant warm AGN-heated dust and are thought to be experiencing intense AGN feedback. Read More

A central challenge in sensory neuroscience is describing how the activity of populations of neurons can represent useful features of the external environment. However, while neurophysiologists have long been able to record the responses of neurons in awake, behaving animals, it is another matter entirely to say what a given neuron does. A key problem is that in many sensory domains, the space of all possible stimuli that one might encounter is effectively infinite; in vision, for instance, natural scenes are combinatorially complex, and an organism will only encounter a tiny fraction of possible stimuli. Read More

We present 20 WISE-selected galaxies with bolometric luminosities L_bol > 10^14 L_sun, including five with infrared luminosities L_IR = L(rest 8-1000 micron) > 10^14 L_sun. These "extremely luminous infrared galaxies," or ELIRGs, were discovered using the "W1W2-dropout" selection criteria which requires marginal or non-detections at 3.4 and 4. Read More

The coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) of a high brightness electron beam traversing a series of dipoles, such as recirculation or transport arcs, may lead to the microbunching instability. We extend and develop a semi-analytical approach of the CSR-induced microbunching instability for a general lattice, based on the previous formulation with 1-D CSR model [Phys. Rev. Read More

The WISE mission has unveiled a rare population of high-redshift ($z=1-4.6$), dusty, hyper-luminous galaxies, with infrared luminosities $L_{\rm IR} > 10^{13}~L_{\odot}$, and sometimes exceeding $10^{14}~L_{\odot}$. Previous work has shown that their dust temperatures and overall far-IR SEDs are significantly hotter than expected for star-formation. Read More

We present SCUBA-2 850um submillimetre (submm) observations of the fields of 10 dusty, luminous galaxies at z ~ 1.7 - 4.6, detected at 12um and/or 22um by the WISE all-sky survey, but faint or undetected at 3. Read More

WISE has discovered an extraordinary population of hyper-luminous dusty galaxies which are faint in the two bluer passbands ($3.4\, \mu$m and $4.6\, \mu$m) but are bright in the two redder passbands of WISE ($12\, \mu$m and $22\, \mu$m). Read More

Affiliations: 1JPL/Caltech, 2Durham, 3Universidad Diego Portales, 4Durham, 5Durham, 6Georgia Tech, 7Caltech, 8GSFC, 9Leicester, 10SSL/Berkeley, 11Caltech, 12MPE, 13DTU, 14INAF, 15SSL/Berkeley, 16Durham, 17JPL/Caltech, 18Durham, 19Columbia, 20Columbia, 21Caltech, 22Dartmouth, 23Cape Town, 24ETH Zurich, 25UCLA, 26Yale, 27JPL/Caltech, 28JPL/Caltech, 29Caltech, 30UCLA, 31UCLA, 32IPAC, 33GSFC

We report on a NuSTAR and XMM-Newton program that has observed a sample of three extremely luminous, heavily obscured WISE-selected AGN at z~2 in a broad X-ray band (0.1 - 79 keV). The parent sample, selected to be faint or undetected in the WISE 3. Read More

Beam quality preservation during transport of high-brightness electron beams is of general concern in the design of modern accelerators. Methods to manage incoherent synchrotron radiation (ISR) have been in place for decades; as beam brightness has improved coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) and the microbunching instability (uBI) have emerged as performance limitations. We apply the compensation analysis of diMitri, Cornacchia, and Spampinati - as previously used by Borland - to the design of transport systems for use with low-emittance beams, and find that appropriately configured second order achromats will suppress transverse emittance growth due to CSR and appear to limit uBI gain. Read More

We introduce filtered cohomologies of differential forms on symplectic manifolds. They generalize and include the cohomologies discussed in Paper I and II as a subset. The filtered cohomologies are finite-dimensional and can be associated with differential elliptic complexes. Read More

The purpose of this research were: to survey the needs of using the information system for educational quality administration; to develop Information System for Educational quality Administration (ISEs) in accordance with quality assessment standard; to study the qualification of ISEs; and to study satisfaction level of ISEs user. Subsequently, the tools of study have been employed that there were the collection of 47 questionnaires and 5 interviews to specialist by responsible officers for Information center of Technical colleges in Southern Thailand. The analysis of quantitative data has employed descriptive statistics using mean and standard deviation as the tool of measurement. Read More

Data mining has been applied in various areas because of its ability to rapidly analyze vast amounts of data. This study is to build the Graduates Employment Model using classification task in data mining, and to compare several of data-mining approaches such as Bayesian method and the Tree method. The Bayesian method includes 5 algorithms, including AODE, BayesNet, HNB, NaviveBayes, WAODE. Read More

On behalf of the WISE Science team, we present the discovery of a class of distant dust-enshrouded galaxies with extremely high luminosity. These galaxies are selected to have extreme red colors in the mid-IR using NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE). They are faint in the optical and near-IR, predominantly at z=2-4, and with IR luminosity > $10^{13}\, L_{Sun}$, making them Hyper-Luminous Infrared Galaxies (HyLIRGs). Read More

We present WISE All-Sky mid-infrared (IR) survey detections of 55% (17/31) of the known QSOs at z>6 from a range of surveys: the SDSS, the CFHT-LS, FIRST, Spitzer and UKIDSS. The WISE catalog thus provides a substantial increase in the quantity of IR data available for these sources: 17 are detected in the WISE W1 (3.4-micron) band, 16 in W2 (4. Read More

Tumors bearing Ras mutations are notoriously difficult to treat. Drug combinations targeting the Ras protein or its pathway have also not met with success. Pathway drug cocktails, which are combinations aiming at parallel pathways, appear more promising; however, to be usefully exploited, a repertoire of classified pathway combinations is desirable. Read More

We present a 3-dimensional data cube of the K band continuum and the Br-gamma, H2 S(0) and S(1) lines within the central 18.5" x 13.8" (520 pc x 390 pc) region of NGC 6946. Read More

In the local Universe, 10% of massive elliptical galaxies are observed to exhibit a peculiar property: a substantial excess of ultraviolet emission (UVX) over what is expected from their old, red stellar populations. Several origins for the UVX have been proposed, including a population of hot young stars, or a population of old, blue horizontal branch or extended horizontal branch (BHB or EHB) stars that have undergone substantial mass loss from their outer atmospheres. We explore the radial distribution of ultraviolet excess (UVX) in a selection of 49 nearby E/S0-type galaxies by measuring the extended photometry in the UV-midIR with GALEX, SDSS and WISE. Read More

Polymers have appealing optical, biochemical, and mechanical qualities, including broadband transparency, ease of functionalization, and biocompatibility. However, their low refractive indices have precluded wavelength-scale optical confinement and nanophotonic applications in polymers. Here, we introduce a suspended polymer photonic crystal (SPPC) architecture that enables the implementation of nanophotonic structures typically limited to high-index materials. Read More