C. J. Pollock

C. J. Pollock
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C. J. Pollock

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Pub Categories

Physics - Space Physics (2)
Physics - Plasma Physics (2)
Quantitative Biology - Populations and Evolution (1)
Physics - Optics (1)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)

Publications Authored By C. J. Pollock

MMS observations recently confirmed that crescent-shaped electron velocity distributions in the plane perpendicular to the magnetic field occur in the electron diffusion region near reconnection sites at Earth's magnetopause. In this paper, we re-examine the origin of the crescent-shaped distributions in the light of our new finding that ions and electrons are drifting in opposite directions when displayed in magnetopause boundary-normal coordinates. Therefore, ExB drifts cannot cause the crescent shapes. Read More

We report the observations of an electron vortex magnetic hole corresponding to a new type of coherent structures in the magnetosheath turbulent plasma using the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) mission data. The magnetic hole is characterized by a magnetic depression, a density peak, a total electron temperature increase (with a parallel temperature decrease but a perpendicular temperature increase), and strong currents carried by the electrons. The current has a dip in the center of the magnetic hole and a peak in the outer region of the magnetic hole. Read More

Micro/Nano Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS/NEMS) provide the engineer with a powerful set of solutions to a wide variety of technical challenges. However, because they are mechanical systems, response times can be a limitation. In some situations, advanced engineered drive techniques can improve response times by as much as a thousand, significantly opening up the application space for MEMS/NEMS solutions. Read More

The rapid expansion of human activities threatens ocean-wide biodiversity loss. Numerous marine animal populations have declined, yet it remains unclear whether these trends are symptomatic of a chronic accumulation of global marine extinction risk. We present the first systematic analysis of threat for a globally-distributed lineage of 1,041 chondrichthyan fishes - sharks, rays, and chimaeras. Read More