C. Barnes - TFM Group, Department of Physics, University of Cambridge, UK

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Name
C. Barnes
Affiliation
TFM Group, Department of Physics, University of Cambridge, UK
Country
United Kingdom

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Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (10)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (10)
 
Quantum Physics (8)
 
Physics - Materials Science (6)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (5)
 
Physics - Other (3)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (3)
 
Astrophysics (3)
 
Statistics - Applications (3)
 
Statistics - Computation (2)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (2)
 
Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (1)
 
Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (1)
 
Physics - Computational Physics (1)
 
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (1)
 
Quantitative Biology - Molecular Networks (1)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
 
Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition (1)
 
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (1)
 
Physics - General Physics (1)
 
Physics - Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics (1)
 
Computer Science - Graphics (1)
 
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)

Publications Authored By C. Barnes

2017May
Authors: MicroBooNE collaboration, R. Acciarri, C. Adams, R. An, J. Anthony, J. Asaadi, M. Auger, L. Bagby, S. Balasubramanian, B. Baller, C. Barnes, G. Barr, M. Bass, F. Bay, M. Bishai, A. Blake, T. Bolton, B. Bullard, L. Camilleri, D. Caratelli, B. Carls, R. Castillo Fernandez, F. Cavanna, H. Chen, E. Church, D. Cianci, E. Cohen, G. H. Collin, J. M. Conrad, M. Convery, J. I. Crespo-Anadon, G. De Geronimo, M. Del Tutto, D. Devitt, S. Dytman, B. Eberly, A. Ereditato, L. Escudero Sanchez, J. Esquivel, A. A. Fadeeva, B. T. Fleming, W. Foreman, A. P. Furmanski, D. Garcia-Gamez, G. T. Garvey, V. Genty, D. Goeldi, S. Gollapinni, N. Graf, E. Gramellini, H. Greenlee, R. Grosso, R. Guenette, A. Hackenburg, P. Hamilton, O. Hen, J. Hewes, C. Hill, J. Ho, G. Horton-Smith, A. Hourlier, E. -C. Huang, C. James, J. Jan de Vries, C. -M. Jen, L. Jiang, R. A. Johnson, J. Joshi, H. Jostlein, D. Kaleko, G. Karagiorgi, W. Ketchum, B. Kirby, M. Kirby, T. Kobilarcik, I. Kreslo, A. Laube, S. Li, Y. Li, A. Lister, B. R. Littlejohn, S. Lockwitz, D. Lorca, W. C. Louis, M. Luethi, B. Lundberg, X. Luo, A. Marchionni, C. Mariani, J. Marshall, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, V. Meddage, T. Miceli, G. B. Mills, J. Moon, M. Mooney, C. D. Moore, J. Mousseau, R. Murrells, D. Naples, P. Nienaber, J. Nowak, O. Palamara, V. Paolone, V. Papavassiliou, S. F. Pate, Z. Pavlovic, E. Piasetzky, D. Porzio, G. Pulliam, X. Qian, J. L. Raaf, V. Radeka, A. Rafique, S. Rescia, L. Rochester, C. Rudolf von Rohr, B. Russell, D. W. Schmitz, A. Schukraft, W. Seligman, M. H. Shaevitz, J. Sinclair, A. Smith, E. L. Snider, M. Soderberg, S. Soldner-Rembold, S. R. Soleti, P. Spentzouris, J. Spitz, J. St. John, T. Strauss, A. M. Szelc, N. Tagg, K. Terao, M. Thomson, C. Thorn, M. Toups, Y. -T. Tsai, S. Tufanli, T. Usher, W. Van De Pontseele, R. G. Van de Water, B. Viren, M. Weber, D. A. Wickremasinghe, S. Wolbers, T. Wongjirad, K. Woodruff, T. Yang, L. Yates, B. Yu, G. P. Zeller, J. Zennamo, C. Zhang

The low-noise operation of readout electronics in a liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) is critical to properly extract the distribution of ionization charge deposited on the wire planes of the TPC, especially for the induction planes. This paper describes the characteristics and mitigation of the observed noise in the MicroBooNE detector. The MicroBooNE's single-phase LArTPC comprises two induction planes and one collection sense wire plane with a total of 8256 wires. Read More

We provide an in-depth investigation of parameter estimation in Nested Mach-Zehnder interferometers (NMZIs) using two information measures: the Shannon mutual information and the classical Fisher information. Protocols for counterfactual communition (CFC) have, so far, been based on two different definitions of counterfactuality. In particular, some schemes have been based on NMZI devices, but have recently been subject to criticism. Read More

The classical theories of communication rely on the assumption that there has to be a flow of particles from Bob to Alice in order for him to send a message to her. We develop a quantum protocol that allows Alice to perceive Bob's message "counterfactually". That is, without Alice receiving any particles that have interacted with Bob. Read More

The "Planning in the Early Medieval Landscape" project (PEML) Read More

2017Apr
Authors: MicroBooNE collaboration, R. Acciarri, C. Adams, R. An, J. Anthony, J. Asaadi, M. Auger, L. Bagby, S. Balasubramanian, B. Baller, C. Barnes, G. Barr, M. Bass, F. Bay, M. Bishai, A. Blake, T. Bolton, L. Bugel, L. Camilleri, D. Caratelli, B. Carls, R. Castillo Fernandez, F. Cavanna, H. Chen, E. Church, D. Cianci, E. Cohen, G. H. Collin, J. M. Conrad, M. Convery, J. I. Crespo-Anadon, M. Del Tutto, D. Devitt, S. Dytman, B. Eberly, A. Ereditato, L. Escudero Sanchez, J. Esquivel, B. T. Fleming, W. Foreman, A. P. Furmanski, D. Garcia-Gamez, G. T. Garvey, V. Genty, D. Goeldi, S. Gollapinni, N. Graf, E. Gramellini, H. Greenlee, R. Grosso, R. Guenette, A. Hackenburg, P. Hamilton, O. Hen, J. Hewes, C. Hill, J. Ho, G. Horton-Smith, E. -C. Huang, C. James, J. Jan de Vries, C. -M. Jen, L. Jiang, R. A. Johnson, J. Joshi, H. Jostlein, D. Kaleko, G. Karagiorgi, W. Ketchum, B. Kirby, M. Kirby, T. Kobilarcik, I. Kreslo, A. Laube, Y. Li, A. Lister, B. R. Littlejohn, S. Lockwitz, D. Lorca, W. C. Louis, M. Luethi, B. Lundberg, X. Luo, A. Marchionni, C. Mariani, J. Marshall, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, V. Meddage, T. Miceli, G. B. Mills, J. Moon, M. Mooney, C. D. Moore, J. Mousseau, R. Murrells, D. Naples, P. Nienaber, J. Nowak, O. Palamara, V. Paolone, V. Papavassiliou, S. F. Pate, Z. Pavlovic, E. Piasetzky, D. Porzio, G. Pulliam, X. Qian, J. L. Raaf, A. Rafique, L. Rochester, C. Rudolf von Rohr, B. Russell, D. W. Schmitz, A. Schukraft, W. Seligman, M. H. Shaevitz, J. Sinclair, E. L. Snider, M. Soderberg, S. Soldner-Rembold, S. R. Soleti, P. Spentzouris, J. Spitz, J. St. John, T. Strauss, K. A. Sutton, A. M. Szelc, N. Tagg, K. Terao, M. Thomson, M. Toups, Y. -T. Tsai, S. Tufanli, T. Usher, R. G. Van de Water, B. Viren, M. Weber, D. A. Wickremasinghe, S. Wolbers, T. Wongjirad, K. Woodruff, T. Yang, L. Yates, G. P. Zeller, J. Zennamo, C. Zhang

The MicroBooNE liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC) has been taking data at Fermilab since 2015 collecting, in addition to neutrino beam, cosmic-ray muons. Results are presented on the reconstruction of Michel electrons produced by the decay at rest of cosmic-ray muons. Michel electrons are abundantly produced in the TPC, and given their well known energy spectrum can be used to study MicroBooNE's detector response to low-energy electrons (electrons with energies up to ~50 MeV). Read More

2017Mar
Authors: MicroBooNE collaboration, P. Abratenko, R. Acciarri, C. Adams, R. An, J. Asaadi, M. Auger, L. Bagby, S. Balasubramanian, B. Baller, C. Barnes, G. Barr, M. Bass, F. Bay, M. Bishai, A. Blake, T. Bolton, L. Bugel, L. Camilleri, D. Caratelli, B. Carls, R. Castillo Fernandez, F. Cavanna, H. Chen, E. Church, D. Cianci, E. Cohen, G. H. Collin, J. M. Conrad, M. Convery, J. I. Crespo-Anadon, M. Del Tutto, D. Devitt, S. Dytman, B. Eberly, A. Ereditato, L. Escudero Sanchez, J. Esquivel, B. T. Fleming, W. Foreman, A. P. Furmanski, D. Garcia-Gamez, G. T. Garvey, V. Genty, D. Goeldi, S. Gollapinni, N. Graf, E. Gramellini, H. Greenlee, R. Grosso, R. Guenette, A. Hackenburg, P. Hamilton, O. Hen, J. Hewes, C. Hill, J. Ho, G. Horton-Smith, E. -C. Huang, C. James, J. Jan de Vries, C. -M. Jen, L. Jiang, R. A. Johnson, B. J. P. Jones, J. Joshi, H. Jostlein, D. Kaleko, L. N. Kalousis, G. Karagiorgi, W. Ketchum, B. Kirby, M. Kirby, T. Kobilarcik, I. Kreslo, A. Laube, Y. Li, A. Lister, B. R. Littlejohn, S. Lockwitz, D. Lorca, W. C. Louis, M. Luethi, B. Lundberg, X. Luo, A. Marchionni, C. Mariani, J. Marshall, D. A. Martinez Caicedo, V. Meddage, T. Miceli, G. B. Mills, J. Moon, M. Mooney, C. D. Moore, J. Mousseau, R. Murrells, D. Naples, P. Nienaber, J. Nowak, O. Palamara, V. Paolone, V. Papavassiliou, S. F. Pate, Z. Pavlovic, E. Piasetzky, D. Porzio, G. Pulliam, X. Qian, J. L. Raaf, A. Rafique, L. Rochester, C. Rudolf von Rohr, B. Russell, D. W. Schmitz, A. Schukraft, W. Seligman, M. H. Shaevitz, J. Sinclair, E. L. Snider, M. Soderberg, S. Soldner-Rembold, S. R. Soleti, P. Spentzouris, J. Spitz, J. St. John, T. Strauss, A. M. Szelc, N. Tagg, K. Terao, M. Thomson, M. Toups, Y. -T. Tsai, S. Tufanli, T. Usher, R. G. Van de Water, B. Viren, M. Weber, J. Weston, D. A. Wickremasinghe, S. Wolbers, T. Wongjirad, K. Woodruff, T. Yang, L. Yates, G. P. Zeller, J. Zennamo, C. Zhang

We discuss a technique for measuring a charged particle's momentum by means of multiple Coulomb scattering (MCS) in the MicroBooNE liquid argon time projection chamber (LArTPC). This method does not require the full particle ionization track to be contained inside of the detector volume as other track momentum reconstruction methods do (range-based momentum reconstruction and calorimetric momentum reconstruction). We motivate use of this technique, describe a tuning of the underlying phenomenological formula, quantify its performance on fully contained beam-neutrino-induced muon tracks both in simulation and in data, and quantify its performance on exiting muon tracks in simulation. Read More

Although problems relating to specific image correction have been explored intensively, the problem of simultaneous diagnosis for multiple photographic defects remains relatively untouched. Solutions to this problem attempt to predict the existence, severity, and locations of common defects. This paper proposes a first attempt at a solution to the general defect diagnosis problem based on our novel dataset. Read More

Connectomics has focused primarily on the mapping of synaptic links in the brain; yet it is well established that extrasynaptic volume transmission, especially via monoamines and neuropeptides, is also critical to brain function. Here we present a draft monoamine connectome, along with a partial neuropeptide connectome, for the nematode C. elegans, based on new and published expression data for biosynthetic genes and receptors. Read More

One-way quantum computation, also known as Cluster State Quantum Computation, provides a robust and efficient tool to perform universal quantum computation using only single-qubit projective measurements, given a highly entangled cluster state. The cluster-state approach to quantum computation also leads to certain practical advantages such as robustness against errors. In this paper, we propose a SAW-driven One-Way Quantum Computation approach that is realizable using a mentioned architecture and elements. Read More

Topological insulators (TIs) are bulk insulators with exotic 'topologically protected' surface conducting modes. It has recently been pointed out that when stacked together, interactions between surface modes can induce diverse phases including the TI, Dirac semimetal, and Weyl semimetal. However, currently a full experimental understanding of the conditions under which topological modes interact is lacking. Read More

In this study the detection of the oil spill using synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery is considered. Detection of the oil spill is performed using change detection algorithms between imagery acquired at different times. The specific algorithms used are the correlation coefficient change statistic and the intensity ratio change statistic algorithms. Read More

We report on an optimal single-electron charge qubit for a solid-state double quantum dot (DQD) system and analyse its dynamics under a time-dependent linear detuning, using GPU accelerated numerical solutions to the time-dependent Schr\"odinger equation. The optimal qubit is found to have basis states defined as the symmetric and antisymmetric linear combinations of the lowest energy bonding and anti-bonding states of the DQD at zero bias. In contrast to charge qubits defined by the two localised ground states of the uncoupled DQD, this choice of the basis causes the resulting dynamics to have a maximal overlap with an idealised two-state model. Read More

We present a local non-iterative method for the implementation of Procrustean entanglement distillation on a pair of entangled qubits using a positive-operator-valued measure (POVM). We show that this POVM can be applied equally to massless and massive qubits in hybrid quantum systems. For massless particles we consider single photons, for which the POVM can be implemented using standard linear optics components. Read More

Recently a new high energy proton microscopy facility PRIOR (Proton Microscope for FAIR) has been designed, constructed and successfully commissioned at GSI Helmholtzzentrum f\"ur Schwerionenforschung (Darmstadt, Germany). As a result of the experiments with 3.5-4. Read More

We apply density functional theory, in the local density approximation, to a quasi-one-dimensional electron gas in order to quantify the effect of Coulomb and correlation effects in modulating, and therefore patterning, the charge density distribution. Our calculations are presented specifically for surface-gate-defined quasi-one-dimensional quantum wires in a GaAs-AlGaAs heterostructure but we expect our results to apply more generally for other low dimensional semiconductor systems. We show that at high densities with strong confinement, screening of electrons in the direction transverse to the wire is efficient and density modulations are not visible. Read More

Here we study the effect of La doping in EuO thin films using SQUID magnetometry, muon spin rotation ($\mu$SR), polarized neutron reflectivity (PNR), and density functional theory (DFT). The $\mu$SR data shows that the La$_{0.15}$Eu$_{0. Read More

Low dimensionality, broken symmetry and easily-modulated carrier concentrations provoke novel electronic phase emergence at oxide interfaces. However, the spatial extent of such reconstructions - i.e. Read More

A hysteretic in-plane magnetoresistance develops below the superconducting transition of LaAlO$_3$/SrTiO$_3$ interfaces for $\left|H_{/\!/}\right|<$ 0.15 T, independently of the carrier density or oxygen annealing. We show that this hysteresis arises from vortex depinning within a thin superconducting layer, in which the vortices are created by discrete ferromagnetic dipoles located solely above the layer. Read More

We have used low energy implanted muons as a volume sensitive probe of the magnetic properties of EuO_{1-x} thin films. We find that static and homogeneous magnetic order persists up to the elevated T_C in the doped samples and the muon signal displays the double dome feature also observed in the sample magnetization. Our results appear incompatible with either the magnetic phase separation or bound magnetic polaron descriptions previously suggested to explain the elevated T_C, but are compatible with an RKKY-like interaction mediating magnetic interactions above 69 K. Read More

A detailed survey of the Lonely Runner Conjecture and its connection between Diophantine approximation and View-obstruction problems. Read More

2012Jun
Affiliations: 1TFM Group, Department of Physics, University of Cambridge, UK, 2TFM Group, Department of Physics, University of Cambridge, UK, 3Electron Microscopy Group, Department of Materials Science, University of Cambridge, UK, 4Hitachi Cambridge Laboratory, Cambridge, UK, 5Microelectronics Group, Department of Physics, University of Cambridge, UK, 6TFM Group, Department of Physics, University of Cambridge, UK

Holographic measurements on magnetised thin-film cobalt rings have demonstrated both onion and vortex states of magnetisation. For a ring in the vortex state, the difference between phases of electron paths that pass through the ring and those that travel outside it was found to agree very well with Aharonov-Bohm theory within measurement error. Thus the magnetic flux in thin-film rings of ferromagnetic material can provide the phase shift required for phase plates in transmission electron microscopy. Read More

Chaos and oscillations continue to capture the interest of both the scientific and public domains. Yet despite the importance of these qualitative features, most attempts at constructing mathematical models of such phenomena have taken an indirect, quantitative approach, e.g. Read More

Single-electron circuits of the future, consisting of a network of quantum dots, will require a mechanism to transport electrons from one functional part to another. For example, in a quantum computer[1] decoherence and circuit complexity can be reduced by separating qubit manipulation from measurement and by providing some means to transport electrons from one to the other.[2] Tunnelling between neighbouring dots has been demonstrated[3, 4] with great control, and the manipulation of electrons in single and double-dot systems is advancing rapidly. Read More

Approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) has gained popularity over the past few years for the analysis of complex models arising in population genetic, epidemiology and system biology. Sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) approaches have become work horses in ABC. Here we discuss how to construct the perturbation kernels that are required in ABC SMC approaches, in order to construct a set of distributions that start out from a suitably defined prior and converge towards the unknown posterior. Read More

For nearly any challenging scientific problem evaluation of the likelihood is problematic if not impossible. Approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) allows us to employ the whole Bayesian formalism to problems where we can use simulations from a model, but cannot evaluate the likelihood directly. When summary statistics of real and simulated data are compared --- rather than the data directly --- information is lost, unless the summary statistics are sufficient. Read More

We have studied how the magnetic properties of oxygen-deficient EuO sputtered thin films vary as a function of thickness. The magnetic moment, measured by polarized neutron reflectometry, and the Curie temperature are found to decrease with reducing thickness. Our results indicate that the reduced number of nearest neighbors, band bending and the partial depopulation of the electronic states that carry the spins associated with the 4f orbitals of Eu are all contributing factors in the surface-induced change of the magnetic properties of EuO$_{1-x}$. Read More

Here we introduce a new design framework for synthetic biology that exploits the advantages of Bayesian model selection. We will argue that the difference between inference and design is that in the former we try to reconstruct the system that has given rise to the data that we observe, while in the latter, we seek to construct the system that produces the data that we would like to observe, i.e. Read More

The structure of graphite oxide (GO) has been systematically studied using various tools such as SEM, TEM, XRD, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS), 13C solid state NMR, and O K-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES). The TEM data reveal that GO consists of amorphous and crystalline phases. The XPS data show that some carbon atoms have sp3 orbitals and others have sp2 orbitals. Read More

Here we report on the preparation of transparent and flexible polymerized graphite oxide, which is composed of carbons with sp3-hybridized orbitals and a non-planar ring structure, and which demonstrates dispersion in its dielectric constant at room temperature. This frequency dependence renders the material suitable for creating miniaturized, flexible, and transparent variable capacitors, allowing for smaller and simpler integrated electronic devices. We discuss this polarizability in terms of space charge effects. Read More

We investigate the magnetism in graphite by controlled oxidation. Our approach renders graphite an insulator while maintaining its structure. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray absorption near edge structure spectra reveal that graphite oxide has epoxy groups on its surface and it is not thermally stable. Read More

Spin polarization of the tunnel conductivity has been studied for Fe/GaAs junctions with Schottky barriers. It is shown that band matching of resonant interface states within the Schottky barrier defines the sign of spin polarization of electrons transported through the barrier. The results account very well for experimental results including the tunneling of photo-excited electrons, and suggest that the spin polarization (from -100% to 100%) is dependent on the Schottky barrier height. Read More

We measure the electron escape-rate from surface-acoustic-wave dynamic quantum dots (QDs) through a tunnel barrier. Rate-equations are used to extract the tunnelling rates, which change by an order of magnitude with tunnel-barrier gate voltage. We find that the tunnelling rates depend on the number of electrons in each dynamic QD because of Coulomb energy. Read More

Quantum Antidot (AD) structures have remarkable properties in the integer quantum Hall regime, exhibiting Coulomb-blockade charging and the Kondo effect despite their open geometry. In some regimes a simple single-particle (SP) model suffices to describe experimental observations while in others interaction effects are clearly important, although exactly how and why interactions emerge is unclear. We present a combination of experimental data and the results of new calculations concerning SP orbital states which show how the observed suppression of the energy spacing between states can be explained through a full consideration of the AD potential, without requiring any effects due to electron interactions such as the formation of compressible regions composed of multiple states, which may occur at higher magnetic fields. Read More

We observe a complex change in the hopping exponent value from 1/2 to 1/3 as a function of disorder strength and electron density in a sodium-doped silicon MOSFET. The disorder was varied by applying a gate voltage and thermally drifting the ions to different positions in the oxide. The same gate was then used at low temperature to modify the carrier concentration. Read More

The authors report surface-acoustic-wave-driven luminescence from a lateral p-n junction formed by molecular beam epitaxy regrowth of a modulation doped GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well on a patterned GaAs substrate. Surface-acoustic-wave-driven transport is demonstrated by peaks in the electrical current and light emission from the GaAs quantum well at the resonant frequency of the transducer. This type of junction offers high carrier mobility and scalability. Read More

We present the results of a numerical investigation which show the excitation of acoustoelectric modes of vibration in GaAs-based heterostructures due to sharp nano-second electric-field pulses applied across surface gates. In particular, we show that the pulses applied in quantum information processing applications are capable of exciting acoustoelectric modes of vibration including surface acoustic modes which propagate for distances greater than conventional device dimensions. We show that the pulse-induced acoustoelectric vibrations are capable of inducing significant undesired perturbations to the evolution of quantum systems. Read More

The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe WMAP has mapped the entire sky in five frequency bands between 23 and 94 GHz with polarization sensitive radiometers. We present three-year full-sky maps of the polarization and analyze them for foreground emission and cosmological implications. These observations open up a new window for understanding the universe. Read More

The WMAP satellite has completed 3 years of observations of the cosmic microwave background radiation. The 3-year data products include several sets of full sky maps of the Stokes I, Q and U parameters in 5 frequency bands, spanning 23 to 94 GHz, and supporting items, such as beam window functions and noise covariance matrices. The processing used to produce the current sky maps and supporting products represents a significant advancement over the first year analysis, and is described herein. Read More

We investigate the propagation of a piezoelectric surface acoustic wave (SAW) across a GaAs/Al$_X$Ga$_{1-X}$As heterostructure surface, on which there is fixed a metallic split-gate. Our method is based on a finite element formulation of the underlying equations of motion, and is performed in three-dimensions fully incorporating the geometry and material composition of the substrate and gates. We demonstrate attenuation of the SAW amplitude as a result of the presence of both mechanical and electrical gates on the surface. Read More

We present the results of a finite-element solution of the Laplace equation for the silicon-based trench-isolated double quantum-dot and the capacitively-coupled single-electron transistor device architecture. This system is a candidate for charge and spin-based quantum computation in the solid state, as demonstrated by recent coherent-charge oscillation experiments. Our key findings demonstrate control of the electric potential and electric field in the vicinity of the double quantum-dot by the electric potential applied to the in-plane gates. Read More

We fabricated silicon metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors where an additional sodium-doped layer was incorporated into the oxide to create potential fluctuations at the Si-SiO2 interface. The amplitude of these fluctuations is controlled by both the density of ions in the oxide and their position relative to the Si-SiO2 interface. Owing to the high mobility of the ions at room temperature, it is possible to move them with the application of a suitable electric field. Read More

Sodium impurities are diffused electrically to the oxide-semiconductor interface of a silicon MOSFET to create an impurity band. At low temperature and at low electron density, the band is split into an upper and a lower sections under the influence of Coulomb interactions. We used magnetoconductivity measurements to provide evidence for the existence of Hubbard bands and determine the nature of the states in each band. Read More

We have studied the temperature dependence of the conductivity of a silicon MOSFET containing sodium ions in the oxide above 20 K. We find the impurity band resulting from the presence of charges at the silicon-oxide interface is split into a lower and an upper band. We have observed activation of electrons from the upper band to the conduction band edge as well as from the lower to the upper band. Read More

We describe and evaluate a numerical solution strategy for simulating surface acoustic waves through semiconductor devices with complex geometries. This multi-physics problem is of particular relevance to the design of quantum electronic devices. The mathematical model consists of two coupled partial differential equations for the elastic wave propagation and the electric field, respectively, in anisotropic piezoelectric media. Read More

We report measurements of the temperature-dependent conductivity in a silicon metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor that contains sodium impurities in the oxide layer. We explain the variation of conductivity in terms of Coulomb interactions that are partially screened by the proximity of the metal gate. The study of the conductivity exponential prefactor and the localization length as a function of gate voltage have allowed us to determine the electronic density of states and has provided arguments for the presence of two distinct bands and a soft gap at low temperature. Read More

We propose an experiment to observe interference of a single electron as it is transported along two parallel quasi-one-dimensional channels trapped in a single minimum of a travelling periodic electric field. The experimental device is a modification of the surface acoustic wave (SAW) based quantum processor. Interference is achieved by creating a superposition of spatial wavefunctions between the two channels and inducing a relative phase shift via either a transverse electric field or a magnetic field. Read More

In the surface acoustic wave quantum computer, the spin state of an electron trapped in a moving quantum dot comprises the physical qubit of the scheme. Via detailed analytic and numerical modeling of the qubit dynamics, we discuss the effect of excitations into higher-energy orbital states of the quantum dot that occur when the qubits pass through magnetic fields. We describe how single-qubit quantum operations, such as single-qubit rotations and single-qubit measurements, can be performed using only localized static magnetic fields. Read More

We show that the one-way channel formalism of quantum optics has a physical realisation in electronic systems. In particular, we show that magnetic edge states form unidirectional quantum channels capable of coherently transporting electronic quantum information. Using the equivalence between one-way photonic channels and magnetic edge states, we adapt a proposal for quantum state transfer to mesoscopic systems using edge states as a quantum channel, and show that it is feasible with reasonable experimental parameters. Read More

2003Feb
Affiliations: 1Princeton, 2Princeton, 3NASA's GSFC, 4UBC, 5NASA's GSFC, 6NASA's GSFC, 7NASA's GSFC, 8U. Chicago, 9Princeton, 10Princeton, 11Brown, 12SSAI, 13NASA's GSFC, 14UCLA
Category: Astrophysics

The WMAP satellite has completed one year of measurements of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) radiation using 20 differential high-electron-mobility-transistor (HEMT) based radiometers. All the radiometers are functioning nominally, and characterizations of the on-orbit radiometer performance are presented, with an emphasis on properties that are required for the production of sky maps from the time ordered data. A radiometer gain model, used to smooth and interpolate the CMB dipole gain measurements is also presented. Read More