C. A. Perroni - CNR-SPIN and Universita' degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy

C. A. Perroni
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Name
C. A. Perroni
Affiliation
CNR-SPIN and Universita' degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy
City
Portici
Country
Italy

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Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (35)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (14)
 
Physics - Materials Science (12)
 
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (3)
 
Physics - Other (2)

Publications Authored By C. A. Perroni

We present a theoretical analysis of Dirac magneto-plasmons in topological insulator nanowires. We discuss a cylindrical geometry where Berry phase effects induce the opening of a gap at the neutrality point. By taking into account surface electron wave functions introduced in previous papers and within the random phase approximation, we provide an analytical form of the dynamic structure factor. Read More

Soft nanosystems are electronic nanodevices, such as suspended carbon nanotubes or molecular junctions, whose transport properties are modulated by soft internal degrees of freedom, for example slow vibrational modes. In this review, effects of the electron-vibration coupling on the charge and heat transport of soft nanoscopic systems are theoretically investigated in the presence of time-dependent perturbations, such as a forcing antenna or pumping terms between the leads and the nanosystem. A well established approach valid for non-equilibrium adiabatic regimes is generalized to the case where external time-dependent perturbations are present. Read More

Stimulated by the recent realization of three dimensional topological insulator nanowire interfer- ometers, a theoretical analysis of quantum interference effects on the low energy spectrum of Bi2Se3 nanowires is presented. The electronic properties are analyzed in nanowires with circular, square and rectangular cross-sections starting from a continuum three dimensional model with particular emphasis on magnetic and geometrical effects. The theoretical study is based on numerically exact diagonalizations of the discretized model for all the geometries. Read More

The linear thermoelectric properties of molecular junctions are theoretically studied close to room temperature within a model including electron-electron and electron-vibration interactions on the molecule. A nonequilibrium adiabatic approach is generalized to include large Coulomb repulsion through a self-consistent procedure and applied to the investigation of large molecules, such as fullerenes, within the Coulomb blockade regime. The focus is on the phonon thermal conductance which is quite sensitive to the effects of strong electron-electron interactions within the intermediate electron-vibration coupling regime. Read More

We calculate the spectral function of the one dimensional Hubbard-Holstein model using the time dependent Density Matrix Renormalization Group (tDMRG), focusing on the regime of large local Coulomb repulsion, and away from electronic half-filling. We argue that, from weak to intermediate electron-phonon coupling, phonons interact only with the electronic charge, and not with the spin degrees of freedom. For strong electron-phonon interaction, spinon and holon bands are not discernible anymore and the system is well described by a spinless polaronic liquid. Read More

The thermoelectric properties of a molecular junction model, appropriate for large molecules such as fullerenes, are studied within a non-equilibrium adiabatic approach in the linear regime at room temperature. A self-consistent calculation is implemented for electron and phonon thermal conductance showing that both increase with the inclusion of the electron-vibration coupling. Moreover, we show that the deviations from the Wiedemann-Franz law are progressively reduced upon increasing the interaction between electronic and vibrational degrees of freedom. Read More

Spectral and transport properties of small molecule single-crystal organic semiconductors have been theoretically analyzed focusing on oligoacenes, in particular on the series from naphthalene to rubrene and pentacene aiming to show that the inclusion of different electron-phonon couplings is of paramount importance to interpret accurately the properties of prototype organic semiconductors. While, in the case of rubrene, the coupling between charge carriers and low frequency inter-molecular modes is sufficient for a satisfactory description of spectral and transport properties, the inclusion of electron coupling to both low frequency inter-molecular and high frequency intra-molecular vibrational modes is needed to account for the temperature dependence of transport properties in smaller oligoacenes. Read More

We study a Thouless pump realized with an elastically \textit{deformable quantum dot} whose center of mass follows a non-linear stochastic dynamics. The interplay of noise, non-linear effects, dissipation and interaction with an external time-dependent driving on the pumped charge is fully analyzed. The results show that the quantum pumping mechanism not only is not destroyed by the force fluctuations, but it becomes stronger when the forcing signal frequency is tuned close to the resonance of the vibrational mode. Read More

Single-parameter adiabatic charge pumping, induced by a nearby radio-frequency antenna, is achieved in suspended carbon nanotubes close to the mechanical resonance. The charge pumping is due to an important dynamic adjustment of the oscillating motion to the antenna signal and it is different from the mechanism active in the two-parameter pumping. Finally, the second harmonic oscillator response shows an interesting relationship with the first harmonic that should be experimentally observed. Read More

We propose a microscopic model for a nanoelectromechanical system made by a radio-frequency driven suspended carbon nanotube (CNT) in the presence of an external magnetic field perpendicular to the current. As a main result, we show that, when the device is driven far from equilibrium, one can tune the CNT mechanical properties by varying the external magnetic field. Indeed, the magnetic field affects the CNT bending mode dynamics inducing an enhanced damping as well as a noise term due to the electronic phase fluctuations. Read More

The formation of the electron-phonon induced bipolaron is shown to be feasible in organic semiconductors at the interface with dielectric gates due to the coupling of the carriers with interface vibrational modes and to the weak to intermediate strength of bulk electron-electron interaction. The polaronic bound states are found to be quite robust in a model with realistic strengths of electron coupling to both bulk and interface phonons. The crossover to nearly on-site bipolarons occurs for coupling values much smaller than those for nearly on-site polarons, but, on the other hand, it gives rise to an activated behavior of mobility with much larger activation energies. Read More

We study a general model describing a self-detecting single electron transistor realized by a suspended carbon nanotube actuated by a nearby antenna. The main features of the device, recently observed in a number of experiments, are accurately reproduced. When the device is in a low current-carrying state, a peak in the current signals a mechanical resonance. Read More

The combined effect of bulk and interface electron-phonon couplings on the transport properties is investigated in a model for organic semiconductors gated with polarizable dielectrics. While the bulk electron-phonon interaction affects the behavior of mobility in the coherent regime below room temperature, the interface coupling is dominant for the activated high $T$ contribution of localized polarons. In order to improve the description of the transport properties, the presence of disorder is needed in addition to electron-phonon couplings. Read More

Spectral and transport properties of the quasi two-dimensional adiabatic Su-Schrieffer-Heeger model are studied adjusting the parameters in order to model rubrene single-crystal field effect transistors with small but finite density of injected charge carriers. We show that, with increasing temperature $T$, the chemical potential moves into the tail of the density of states corresponding to localized states, but this is not enough to drive the system into an insulating state. The mobility along different crystallographic directions is calculated including vertex corrections which give rise to a transport lifetime one order of magnitude smaller than spectral lifetime of the states involved in the transport mechanism. Read More

Electron coupling to intra- and inter-molecular vibrational modes is investigated in models appropriate to single crystal organic semiconductors, such as oligoacenes. Focus is on spectral and transport properties of these systems beyond perturbative approaches. The interplay between different couplings strongly affects the temperature band renormalization that is the result of a subtle equilibrium between opposite tendencies: band narrowing due to interaction with local modes, band widening due to electron coupling to non local modes. Read More

Spectral, optical and transport properties of an anisotropic three-dimensional Holstein model are studied within the adiabatic approximation. The parameter regime is appropriate for organic semiconductors used in single crystal based field effect transistors. Different approaches have been used to solve the model: self-consistent Born approximation valid for weak electron-phonon coupling, coherent potential approximation exact for infinite dimensions, and numerical diagonalization for finite lattices. Read More

A correlated inhomogeneous mean-field approach is proposed in order to study a tight-binding model of the manganite heterostructures (LaMnO3)2n/(SrMnO3)n with average hole doping x = 1/3. Phase diagrams, spectral and optical properties of large heterostructures (up to 48 sites along the growth direction) with a single interface are discussed analyzing the effects of electron-lattice anti-adiabatic fluctuations and strain. The formation of a metallic ferromagnetic interface is quite robust with varying the strength of electron-lattice coupling and strain, though the size of the interface region is strongly dependent on these interactions. Read More

2010Nov
Affiliations: 1Dipartimento di Fisica E. Amaldi, Universita' di Roma Tre, Roma, Italy, 2CNR-SPIN and Universita' degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy, 3CNR-SPIN and Universita' degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy, 4CNR-SPIN and Universita' degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, Italy

We propose a very accurate computational scheme for the dynamics of a classical oscillator coupled to a molecular junction driven by a finite bias, including the finite mass effect. We focus on two minimal models for the molecular junction: Anderson-Holstein (AH) and two-site Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) models. As concerns the oscillator dynamics, we are able to recover a Langevin equation confirming what found by other authors with different approaches and assessing that quantum effects come from the electronic subsystem only. Read More

Quantum entropies and state distances are analyzed in polaronic systems with short range (Holstein model) and long range (Fr$\ddot{o}$hlich model) electron-phonon coupling. These quantities are extracted by a variational wave function which describes very accurately polaron systems with arbitrary size in all the relevant parameter regimes. With the use of quantum information tools, the crossover region from weak to strong coupling regime can be characterized with high precision. Read More

Double-exchange mechanisms in RE$_{1-x}$AE$_{x}$MnO$_{3}$ manganites (where RE is a trivalent rare-earth ion and AE is a divalent alkali-earth ion) relies on the strong exchange interaction between two Mn$^{3+}$ and Mn$^{4+}$ ions through interfiling oxygen 2p states. Nevertheless, the role of RE and AE ions has ever been considered "silent" with respect to the DE conducting mechanisms. Here we show that a new path for DE-mechanism is indeed possible by partially replacing the RE-AE elements by Mn$^{2+}$-ions, in La-deficient La$_{x}$MnO$_{3-\delta}$ thin films. Read More

We investigate the interplay between strong electron correlations and charge-lattice interaction in cuprates. The coupling between half breathing bond stretching phonons and doped holes in the t-t'-J model is studied by limited phonon basis exact diagonalization method. Nonadiabatic electron-phonon interaction leads to the splitting of the phonon spectral function at half-way to the zone boundary at $\vec{q}_s=\{(\pm \pi / 2, 0), (0, \pm \pi / 2) \}$ and to low energy kink feature in the electron dispersion, in agreement with experimental observations. Read More

The magnetic and electronic modifications induced at the interfaces in (SrMnO$_{3}$)$_{n}$/(LaMnO$_{3}$)$_{2n}$ superlattices have been investigated by linear and circular magnetic dichroism in the Mn L$_{2,3}$ x-ray absorption spectra. Together with theoretical calculations, our data demonstrate that the charge redistribution across interfaces favors in-plane ferromagnetic (FM) order and $e_{g}(x^{2}-y^{2})$ orbital occupation, in agreement with the average strain. Far from interfaces, inside LaMnO$_3$, electron localization and local strain favor antiferromagnetism (AFM) and $e_{g}(3z^{2}-r^{2})$ orbital occupation. Read More

The optical conductivity (OC) of cuprates is studied theoretically in the low density limit of the t-t'-J-Holstein model. By developing a limited phonon basis exact diagonalization (LPBED) method capable of treating the lattice of largest size 4x4 ever considered, we are able to discern fine features of the mid-infrared (MIR) part of the OC revealing three-peak structure. The two lowest peaks are observed in experiments and the highest one is tacitly resolved in moderately doped cuprates. Read More

The effect of Rashba spin-orbit interaction in quantum wires with hard-wall boundaries is discussed. The exact wave function and eigenvalue equation are worked out pointing out the mixing between the spin and spatial parts. The spectral properties are also studied within the perturbation theory with respect to the strength of the spin-orbit interaction and diagonalization procedure. Read More

Dynamical mean field theory combined with finite-temperature exact diagonalization is shown to be a suitable method to study local Coulomb correlations in realistic multi-band materials. By making use of the sparseness of the impurity Hamiltonian, exact eigenstates can be evaluated for significantly larger clusters than in schemes based on full diagonalization. Since finite-size effects are greatly reduced this approach allows the study of three-band systems down to very low temperatures, for strong local Coulomb interactions and full Hund exchange. Read More

The optical absorption of the Fr\"{o}hlich polaron model is obtained by an approximation-free Diagrammatic Monte Carlo method and compared with two new approximate approaches that treat lattice relaxation effects in different ways. We show that: i) a strong coupling expansion, based on the the Franck-Condon principle, well describes the optical conductivity for large coupling strengths ($\alpha >10$); ii) a Memory Function Formalism with phonon broadened levels reproduces the optical response for weak coupling strengths ($\alpha <6$) taking the dynamic lattice relaxation into account. In the coupling regime $6<\alpha<10$ the optical conductivity is a rapidly changing superposition of both Franck-Condon and dynamic contributions. Read More

The ultrafast non-thermal control of magnetization has recently become feasible in canted antiferromagnets through photomagnetic instantaneous pulses [A.V. Kimel {\it et al. Read More

We discuss the combined effect of Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit interactions in polygonal loops formed by quantum wires, when the electron are injected in a node and collected at the opposite one. The conditions that allow perfect localization are found. Furthermore, we investigate the suppression of the Al'tshuler--Aronov--Spivak oscillations that appear, in presence of a magnetic flux, when the electrons are injected and collected at the same node. Read More

The role of the electron-phonon interaction in the Holstein-Hubbard model is investigated in the metallic phase close to the Mott transition and in the insulating Mott phase. The model is studied by means of a variational slave boson technique. At half-filling, mean-field static quantities are in good agreement with the results obtained by numerical techniques. Read More

The polaron features due to electron-phonon interactions with different coupling ranges are investigated by adopting a variational approach. The ground-state energy, the spectral weight, the average kinetic energy, the mean number of phonons, and the electron-lattice correlation function are discussed for the system with coupling to local and nearest neighbor lattice displacements comparing the results with the long range case. For large values of the coupling with nearest neighbor sites, most physical quantities show a strong resemblance with those obtained for the long range electron-phonon interaction. Read More

The formation of spherical polaron clusters is studied within the Fr$\ddot{o}$hlich polaron theory. In a dilute polaron gas, using the non-local statistical approach and the polaron pair interaction obtained within the Pekar strong coupling theory, the homogeneous phase results to be unstable toward the appearance of polaron clusters. The physical conditions of formation for the clusters are determined calculating the critical values of electron-phonon interaction for which bound states in the collective polaron potential develop. Read More

An optimized phonon approach for the numerical diagonalization of interacting electron-phonon systems is proposed. The variational method is based on an expansion in coherent states that leads to a dramatic truncation in the phonon space. The reliability of the approach is demonstrated for the extended Holstein model showing that different types of lattice distortions are present at intermediate electron-phonon couplings as observed in strongly correlated systems. Read More

2004Mar
Affiliations: 1Coherentia-INFM and Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche Università degli studi ``Federico II'', Napoli Italy, 2Coherentia-INFM and Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche Università degli studi ``Federico II'', Napoli Italy, 3Coherentia-INFM and Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche Università degli studi ``Federico II'', Napoli Italy, 4Coherentia-INFM and Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche Università degli studi ``Federico II'', Napoli Italy, 5Coherentia-INFM and Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche Università degli studi ``Federico II'', Napoli Italy

We demonstrate how the Rashba spin-orbit coupling in semiconductor heterostructures can produce and control a spin-polarized current without ferromagnetic leads. Key idea is to use spin-double refraction of an electronic beam with a nonzero incidence angle. A region where the spin-orbit coupling is present separates the source and the drain without spin-orbit coupling. Read More

The polaron features for long-range electron-phonon interaction are investigated by extending a variational approach previously proposed for the study of systems with local coupling. The ground-state spectral weight, the average kinetic energy, the mean number of phonons, and the electron-lattice correlation function are discussed for a wide range of model parameters focusing on the adiabatic regime and comparing the results with the short-range case (Holstein model). A strong mixing of electronic and phononic degrees of freedom for small values of the electron-phonon coupling constant is found in the adiabatic case due to the long-range interaction. Read More

We introduce a variational wave-function to study the polaron formation when the electronic transfer integral depends on the relative displacement between nearest-neighbor sites giving rise to a non-local electron-phonon coupling with optical phonon modes. We analyze the ground state properties such as the energy, the electron-lattice correlation function, the phonon number and the spectral weight. Variational results are found in good agreement with analytic weak-coupling perturbative calculations and exact numerical diagonalization of small clusters. Read More

Thickness dependence and strain effects in films of $La_{1-x}A_xMnO_3$ perovskites are analyzed in the colossal magnetoresistance regime. The calculations are based on a generalization of a variational approach previously proposed for the study of manganite bulk. It is found that a reduction in the thickness of the film causes a decrease of critical temperature and magnetization, and an increase of resistivity at low temperatures. Read More

Following the ideas behind the Feynman approach, a variational wave function is proposed for the Fr\"ohlich model. It is shown that it provides, for any value of the electron-phonon coupling constant, an estimate of the polaron ground state energy better than the Feynman method based on path integrals. The mean number of phonons, the average electronic kinetic and interaction energies, the ground state spectral weight and the electron-lattice correlation function are calculated and successfully compared with the best available results. Read More

The optical properties of the charge-ordering ($CO$) phase of the one-dimensional (1D) half-filled spinless Holstein model are derived at zero temperature within a well-known variational approach improved including second-order lattice fluctuations. Within the $CO$ phase, the static lattice distortions give rise to the optical interband gap, that broadens as the strength of the electron-phonon ($el-ph$) interaction increases. The lattice fluctuation effects induce a long subgap tail in the infrared conductivity and a wide band above the gap energy. Read More

The phase diagram of the half-filled spinless Holstein model for electrons interacting with quantum phonons is derived in three dimensions extending at finite temperature $T$ a variational approach introduced for the one-dimensional T=0 case. Employing the variational scheme, the spectral and optical properties of the system are evaluated in the different regimes that characterize the normal and ordered state. The effects of the charge-ordering ($CO$) induce a transfer of spectral weight from low to high energies in the conductivity spectra, as the temperature decreases or the strength of the electron-phonon ($el-ph$) interaction increases. Read More

We study the scattering of an electron in a definite state of spin at an interface of an hybrid system with a Rashba spin-orbit coupling on one side. Out of the normal incidence the double refraction phenomenon appears, with one or two limit angles for the total reflection. We show that this double refraction gives rise to a spin-dependent conductance of a Quantum Point Contact separating a ferromagnet and a two dimensional electron gas. Read More

Employing a variational approach that takes into account electron-phonon and magnetic interactions in $La_{1-x}A_xMnO_3$ perovskites with $0Read More

The influence of next-nearest neighbor electron hopping, $t^{\prime}$, on the polaron and bipolaron formation in a square Hubbard-Holstein model is investigated within a variational approach. The results for electron-phonon and electron-electron correlation functions show that a negative value of $t^{\prime}$ induces a strong anisotropy in the lattice distortions favoring the formation of nearest neighbor intersite bipolaron. The role of $t^{\prime}$, electron-phonon and electron-electron interactions is briefly discussed in view of the formation of charged striped domains. Read More

Within a recently proposed variational approach it has been shown that, in $La_{1-x}A_xMnO_3$ perovskites with $0Read More