C. -H. Chen - Durham University

C. -H. Chen
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Name
C. -H. Chen
Affiliation
Durham University
City
Durham
Country
United Kingdom

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Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (7)
 
Astrophysics of Galaxies (6)
 
Computer Science - Learning (5)
 
Statistics - Machine Learning (3)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (3)
 
Nuclear Experiment (3)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (3)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (3)
 
Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition (3)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (3)
 
Computer Science - Information Theory (3)
 
Physics - Plasma Physics (2)
 
Physics - Materials Science (2)
 
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (2)
 
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (2)
 
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (2)
 
Physics - Space Physics (1)
 
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (1)
 
Mathematics - Statistics (1)
 
Statistics - Theory (1)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
 
Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics (1)
 
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
 
Mathematics - Representation Theory (1)
 
Statistics - Methodology (1)
 
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (1)
 
Quantum Physics (1)
 
Computer Science - Symbolic Computation (1)
 
Computer Science - Mathematical Software (1)
 
Mathematics - Probability (1)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)
 
Physics - Classical Physics (1)
 
Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory (1)

Publications Authored By C. -H. Chen

Several recent studies have reported different intrinsic correlations between the AGN mid-IR luminosity ($L_{MIR}$) and the rest-frame 2-10 keV luminosity ($L_{X}$) for luminous quasars. To understand the origin of the difference in the observed $L_{X}-L_{MIR}$ relations, we study a sample of 3,247 spectroscopically confirmed type 1 AGNs collected from Bo\"{o}tes, XMM-COSMOS, XMM-XXL-North, and the SDSS quasars in the Swift/XRT footprint spanning over four orders of magnitude in luminosity. We carefully examine how different observational constraints impact the observed $L_{X}-L_{MIR}$ relations, including the inclusion of X-ray non-detected objects, possible X-ray absorption in type 1 AGNs, X-ray flux limits, and star formation contamination. Read More

It is theoretically demonstrated that the figure of merit ($ZT$) of quantum dot (QD) junctions can be significantly enhanced when the degree of degeneracy of the energy levels involved in electron transport is increased. The theory is based on the the Green-function approach in the Coulomb blockade regime by including all correlation functions resulting from electron-electron interactions associated with the degenerate levels ($L$). We found that electrical conductance ($G_e$) as well as electron thermal conductance ($\kappa_e$) are highly dependent on the level degeneracy ($L$), whereas the Seebeck coefficient ($S$) is not. Read More

In this work we study the problem of network morphism, an effective learning scheme to morph a well-trained neural network to a new one with the network function completely preserved. Different from existing work where basic morphing types on the layer level were addressed, we target at the central problem of network morphism at a higher level, i.e. Read More

Due to the limited generation, finite inertia, and distributed structure, microgrid suffers from large frequency and voltage deviation which can lead to system collapse. Thus, reliable load shedding method to keep frequency stable is required. Wireless network, benefiting from high flexibility and low deployment cost, is considered as the promising technology for microgrid management. Read More

A low-complexity coding scheme is developed to achieve the rate region of maximum likelihood decoding for interference channels. As in the classical rate-splitting multiple access scheme by Grant, Rimoldi, Urbanke, and Whiting, the proposed coding scheme uses superposition of multiple codewords with successive cancellation decoding, which can be implemented using standard point-to-point encoders and decoders. Unlike rate-splitting multiple access, which is not rate-optimal for multiple receivers, the proposed coding scheme transmits codewords over multiple blocks in a staggered manner and recovers them successively over sliding decoding windows, achieving the single-stream optimal rate region as well as the more general Han--Kobayashi inner bound for the two-user interference channel. Read More

Small-cell deployment in licensed and unlicensed spectrum is considered to be one of the key approaches to cope with the ongoing wireless data demand explosion. Compared to traditional cellular base stations with large transmission power, small-cells typically have relatively low transmission power, which makes them attractive for some spectrum bands that have strict power regulations, for example, the 3.5GHz band [1]. Read More

The Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), the closest star forming galaxy with low metallicity, provides an ideal laboratory to study star formation in such an environment. The classical dense molecular gas thermometer NH3 is rarely available in a low metallicity environment because of photoionization and a lack of nitrogen atoms. Our goal is to directly measure the gas kinetic temperature with formaldehyde toward six star-forming regions in the LMC. Read More

One promising avenue to study one-dimensional ($1$D) topological phases is to realize them in synthetic materials such as cold atomic gases. Intriguingly, it is possible to realize Majorana boundary modes in a $1$D number-conserving system consisting of two fermionic chains coupled only by pair-hopping processes. It is commonly believed that significant interchain single-particle tunneling necessarily destroys these Majorana modes, as it spoils the $\mathbb{Z}_2$ fermion parity symmetry that protects them. Read More

Spectrally unentangled biphotons with high single-spatiotemporal-mode purity are highly desirable for many quantum information processing tasks. We generate biphotons with an inferred heralded-state spectral purity of 99%, the highest to date without any spectral filtering, by pulsed spontaneous parametric downconversion in a custom-fabricated periodically-poled KTiOPO$_4$ crystal under extended Gaussian phase-matching conditions. To efficiently characterize the joint spectral intensity of the generated biphotons at high spectral resolution, we employ a commercially available dispersion compensation module (DCM) with a dispersion equivalent to 100 km of standard optical fiber and with an insertion loss of only 2. Read More

2017Jan
Authors: C. Aidala, N. N. Ajitanand, Y. Akiba, R. Akimoto, J. Alexander, M. Alfred, K. Aoki, N. Apadula, H. Asano, E. T. Atomssa, A. Attila, T. C. Awes, C. Ayuso, B. Azmoun, V. Babintsev, M. Bai, X. Bai, B. Bannier, K. N. Barish, S. Bathe, V. Baublis, C. Baumann, S. Baumgart, A. Bazilevsky, M. Beaumier, R. Belmont, A. Berdnikov, Y. Berdnikov, D. Black, D. S. Blau, M. Boer, J. S. Bok, K. Boyle, M. L. Brooks, J. Bryslawskyj, H. Buesching, V. Bumazhnov, C. Butler, S. Butsyk, S. Campbell, C. CanoaRoman, C. -H. Chen, C. Y. Chi, M. Chiu, I. J. Choi, J. B. Choi, S. Choi, P. Christiansen, T. Chujo, V. Cianciolo, B. A. Cole, M. Connors, N. Cronin, N. Crossette, M. Csanád, T. Csörgő, T. W. Danley, A. Datta, M. S. Daugherity, G. David, K. DeBlasio, K. Dehmelt, A. Denisov, A. Deshpande, E. J. Desmond, L. Ding, J. H. Do, L. D'Orazio, O. Drapier, A. Drees, K. A. Drees, M. Dumancic, J. M. Durham, A. Durum, T. Elder, T. Engelmore, A. Enokizono, S. Esumi, K. O. Eyser, B. Fadem, W. Fan, N. Feege, D. E. Fields, M. Finger, M. Finger, \, Jr., F. Fleuret, S. L. Fokin, J. E. Frantz, A. Franz, A. D. Frawley, Y. Fukao, Y. Fukuda, T. Fusayasu, K. Gainey, C. Gal, P. Garg, A. Garishvili, I. Garishvili, H. Ge, F. Giordano, A. Glenn, X. Gong, M. Gonin, Y. Goto, R. Granier de Cassagnac, N. Grau, S. V. Greene, M. Grosse Perdekamp, Y. Gu, T. Gunji, H. Guragain, T. Hachiya, J. S. Haggerty, K. I. Hahn, H. Hamagaki, S. Y. Han, J. Hanks, S. Hasegawa, T. O. S. Haseler, K. Hashimoto, R. Hayano, X. He, T. K. Hemmick, T. Hester, J. C. Hill, K. Hill, R. S. Hollis, K. Homma, B. Hong, T. Hoshino, N. Hotvedt, J. Huang, S. Huang, T. Ichihara, Y. Ikeda, K. Imai, Y. Imazu, M. Inaba, A. Iordanova, D. Isenhower, A. Isinhue, Y. Ito, D. Ivanishchev, B. V. Jacak, S. J. Jeon, M. Jezghani, Z Ji, J. Jia, X. Jiang, B. M. Johnson, K. S. Joo, V. Jorjadze, D. Jouan, D. S. Jumper, J. Kamin, S. Kanda, B. H. Kang, J. H. Kang, J. S. Kang, D. Kapukchyan, J. Kapustinsky, S. Karthas, D. Kawall, A. V. Kazantsev, J. A. Key, V. Khachatryan, P. K. Khandai, A. Khanzadeev, K. M. Kijima, C. Kim, D. J. Kim, E. -J. Kim, M. Kim, Y. -J. Kim, Y. K. Kim, D. Kincses, E. Kistenev, J. Klatsky, D. Kleinjan, P. Kline, T. Koblesky, M. Kofarago, B. Komkov, J. Koster, D. Kotchetkov, D. Kotov, F. Krizek, S. Kudo, K. Kurita, M. Kurosawa, Y. Kwon, R. Lacey, Y. S. Lai, J. G. Lajoie, E. O. Lallow, A. Lebedev, D. M. Lee, G. H. Lee, J. Lee, K. B. Lee, K. S. Lee, S. H. Lee, M. J. Leitch, M. Leitgab, Y. H. Leung, B. Lewis, N. A. Lewis, X. Li, X. Li, S. H. Lim, L. D. Liu, M. X. Liu, V. -R. Loggins, S. Lokos, D. Lynch, C. F. Maguire, Y. I. Makdisi, M. Makek, A. Manion, V. I. Manko, E. Mannel, M. McCumber, P. L. McGaughey, D. McGlinchey, C. McKinney, A. Meles, M. Mendoza, B. Meredith, Y. Miake, T. Mibe, A. C. Mignerey, D. E. M. Mihalik, A. Milov, D. K. Mishra, J. T. Mitchell, G. Mitsuka, S. Miyasaka, S. Mizuno, A. K. Mohanty, S. Mohapatra, T. Moon, D. P. Morrison, S. I. M. Morrow, M. Moskowitz, T. V. Moukhanova, T. Murakami, J. Murata, A. Mwai, T. Nagae, K. Nagai, S. Nagamiya, K. Nagashima, T. Nagashima, J. L. Nagle, M. I. Nagy, I. Nakagawa, H. Nakagomi, Y. Nakamiya, K. R. Nakamura, T. Nakamura, K. Nakano, C. Nattrass, P. K. Netrakanti, M. Nihashi, T. Niida, R. Nouicer, T. Novák, N. Novitzky, R. Novotny, A. S. Nyanin, E. O'Brien, C. A. Ogilvie, H. Oide, K. Okada, J. D. Orjuela Koop, J. D. Osborn, A. Oskarsson, K. Ozawa, R. Pak, V. Pantuev, V. Papavassiliou, I. H. Park, J. S. Park, S. Park, S. K. Park, S. F. Pate, L. Patel, M. Patel, J. -C. Peng, W. Peng, D. V. Perepelitsa, G. D. N. Perera, D. Yu. Peressounko, C. E. PerezLara, J. Perry, R. Petti, M. Phipps, C. Pinkenburg, R. P. Pisani, A. Pun, M. L. Purschke, H. Qu, P. V. Radzevich, J. Rak, I. Ravinovich, K. F. Read, D. Reynolds, V. Riabov, Y. Riabov, E. Richardson, D. Richford, T. Rinn, N. Riveli, D. Roach, S. D. Rolnick, M. Rosati, Z. Rowan, J. Runchey, M. S. Ryu, B. Sahlmueller, N. Saito, T. Sakaguchi, H. Sako, V. Samsonov, M. Sarsour, K. Sato, S. Sato, S. Sawada, B. Schaefer, B. K. Schmoll, K. Sedgwick, J. Seele, R. Seidl, Y. Sekiguchi, A. Sen, R. Seto, P. Sett, A. Sexton, D. Sharma, A. Shaver, I. Shein, T. -A. Shibata, K. Shigaki, M. Shimomura, K. Shoji, P. Shukla, A. Sickles, C. L. Silva, D. Silvermyr, B. K. Singh, C. P. Singh, V. Singh, M. J. Skoby, M. Skolnik, M. Slunečka, K. L. Smith, S. Solano, R. A. Soltz, W. E. Sondheim, S. P. Sorensen, I. V. Sourikova, P. W. Stankus, P. Steinberg, E. Stenlund, M. Stepanov, A. Ster, S. P. Stoll, M. R. Stone, T. Sugitate, A. Sukhanov, J. Sun, S. Syed, A. Takahara, A. Taketani, Y. Tanaka, K. Tanida, M. J. Tannenbaum, S. Tarafdar, A. Taranenko, G. Tarnai, E. Tennant, R. Tieulent, A. Timilsina, T. Todoroki, M. Tomášek, H. Torii, C. L. Towell, R. S. Towell, I. Tserruya, Y. Ueda, B. Ujvari, H. W. van Hecke, M. Vargyas, S Vazquez-Carson, E. Vazquez-Zambrano, A. Veicht, J. Velkovska, R. Vértesi, M. Virius, V. Vrba, E. Vznuzdaev, X. R. Wang, Z. Wang, D. Watanabe, K. Watanabe, Y. Watanabe, Y. S. Watanabe, F. Wei, S. Whitaker, S. Wolin, C. P. Wong, C. L. Woody, M. Wysocki, B. Xia, C. Xu, Q. Xu, Y. L. Yamaguchi, A. Yanovich, P Yin, S. Yokkaichi, J. H. Yoo, I. Yoon, Z. You, I. Younus, H. Yu, I. E. Yushmanov, W. A. Zajc, A. Zelenski, S. Zharko, S. Zhou, L. Zou

We report the first measurement of the fraction of $J/\psi$ mesons coming from $B$-meson decay ($F_{B{\rightarrow}J/\psi}$) in $p$+$p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 510 GeV. The measurement is performed using the forward silicon vertex detector and central vertex detector at PHENIX, which provide precise tracking and distance-of-closest-approach determinations, enabling the statistical separation of $J/\psi$ due to $B$-meson decays from prompt $J/\psi$. The measured value of $F_{B{\rightarrow}J/\psi}$ is 8. Read More

Transition-metal dichalcogenide IrTe2 has attracted attention because of striped lattice, charge ordering and superconductivity. We have investigated the surface structure of IrTe2, using low energy electron diffraction (LEED) and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). A complex striped lattice modulations as a function of temperature is observed, which shows hysteresis between cooling and warming. Read More

We explore 3D human pose estimation from a single RGB image. While many approaches try to directly predict 3D pose from image measurements, we explore a simple architecture that reasons through intermediate 2D pose predictions. Our approach is based on two key observations (1) Deep neural nets have revolutionized 2D pose estimation, producing accurate 2D predictions even for poses with self occlusions. Read More

We present the first scattered-light images of the debris disk around 49 ceti, a ~40 Myr A1 main sequence star at 59 pc, famous for hosting two massive dust belts as well as large quantities of atomic and molecular gas. The outer disk is revealed in reprocessed archival Hubble Space Telescope NICMOS F110W images, as well as new coronagraphic H band images from the Very Large Telescope SPHERE instrument. The disk extends from 1. Read More

2016Dec
Authors: A. Adare, C. Aidala, N. N. Ajitanand, Y. Akiba, R. Akimoto, M. Alfred, V. Andrieux, K. Aoki, N. Apadula, Y. Aramaki, H. Asano, E. T. Atomssa, T. C. Awes, C. Ayuso, B. Azmoun, V. Babintsev, M. Bai, N. S. Bandara, B. Bannier, K. N. Barish, S. Bathe, A. Bazilevsky, M. Beaumier, S. Beckman, R. Belmont, A. Berdnikov, Y. Berdnikov, D. Black, D. S. Blau, M. Boer, J. S. Bok, E. K. Bownes, K. Boyle, M. L. Brooks, J. Bryslawskyj, H. Buesching, V. Bumazhnov, C. Butler, S. Campbell, C. CanoaRoman, R. Cervantes, C. -H. Chen, C. Y. Chi, M. Chiu, I. J. Choi, J. B. Choi, T. Chujo, Z. Citron, M. Connors, N. Cronin, M. Csanád, T. Csörgő, T. W. Danley, A. Datta, M. S. Daugherity, G. David, K. DeBlasio, K. Dehmelt, A. Denisov, A. Deshpande, E. J. Desmond, L. Ding, A. Dion, D. Dixit, J. H. Do, A. Drees, K. A. Drees, M. Dumancic, J. M. Durham, A. Durum, J. P. Dusing, T. Elder, A. Enokizono, H. En'yo, S. Esumi, B. Fadem, W. Fan, N. Feege, D. E. Fields, M. Finger, M. Finger, \, Jr., S. L. Fokin, J. E. Frantz, A. Franz, A. D. Frawley, Y. Fukuda, C. Gal, P. Gallus, P. Garg, H. Ge, F. Giordano, A. Glenn, Y. Goto, N. Grau, S. V. Greene, M. Grosse Perdekamp, Y. Gu, T. Gunji, H. Guragain, T. Hachiya, J. S. Haggerty, K. I. Hahn, H. Hamagaki, H. F. Hamilton, S. Y. Han, J. Hanks, S. Hasegawa, T. O. S. Haseler, X. He, T. K. Hemmick, J. C. Hill, K. Hill, R. S. Hollis, K. Homma, B. Hong, T. Hoshino, N. Hotvedt, J. Huang, S. Huang, Y. Ikeda, K. Imai, Y. Imazu, M. Inaba, A. Iordanova, D. Isenhower, Y. Ito, D. Ivanishchev, B. V. Jacak, S. J. Jeon, M. Jezghani, Z Ji, J. Jia, X. Jiang, B. M. Johnson, E. Joo, K. S. Joo, V. Jorjadze, D. Jouan, D. S. Jumper, J. H. Kang, J. S. Kang, D. Kapukchyan, S. Karthas, D. Kawall, A. V. Kazantsev, T. Kempel, J. A. Key, V. Khachatryan, A. Khanzadeev, K. Kihara, C. Kim, D. H. Kim, D. J. Kim, E. -J. Kim, H. -J. Kim, M. Kim, Y. K. Kim, M. L. Kimball, D. Kincses, E. Kistenev, J. Klatsky, D. Kleinjan, P. Kline, T. Koblesky, M. Kofarago, J. Koster, J. R. Kotler, D. Kotov, S. Kudo, K. Kurita, M. Kurosawa, Y. Kwon, R. Lacey, J. G. Lajoie, E. O. Lallow, A. Lebedev, K. B. Lee, S. Lee, S. H. Lee, M. J. Leitch, M. Leitgab, Y. H. Leung, N. A. Lewis, X. Li, S. H. Lim, L. D. Liu, M. X. Liu, V-R Loggins, V. -R. Loggins, K. Lovasz, D. Lynch, T. Majoros, Y. I. Makdisi, M. Makek, M. Malaev, A. Manion, V. I. Manko, E. Mannel, M. McCumber, P. L. McGaughey, D. McGlinchey, C. McKinney, A. Meles, A. R. Mendez, M. Mendoza, B. Meredith, Y. Miake, A. C. Mignerey, D. E. M. Mihalik, A. J. Miller, A. Milov, D. K. Mishra, J. T. Mitchell, G. Mitsuka, S. Miyasaka, S. Mizuno, P. Montuenga, T. Moon, D. P. Morrison, S. I. M. Morrow, T. V. Moukhanova, T. Murakami, J. Murata, A. Mwai, K. Nagai, S. Nagamiya, K. Nagashima, T. Nagashima, J. L. Nagle, M. I. Nagy, I. Nakagawa, H. Nakagomi, K. Nakano, C. Nattrass, P. K. Netrakanti, M. Nihashi, T. Niida, R. Nouicer, T. Novák, N. Novitzky, R. Novotny, A. S. Nyanin, E. O'Brien, C. A. Ogilvie, J. D. Orjuela Koop, J. D. Osborn, A. Oskarsson, G. J. Ottino, K. Ozawa, R. Pak, V. Pantuev, V. Papavassiliou, J. S. Park, S. Park, S. F. Pate, L. Patel, M. Patel, J. -C. Peng, W. Peng, D. V. Perepelitsa, G. D. N. Perera, D. Yu. Peressounko, C. E. PerezLara, J. Perry, R. Petti, M. Phipps, C. Pinkenburg, R. Pinson, R. P. Pisani, C. J. Press, A. Pun, M. L. Purschke, J. Rak, I. Ravinovich, K. F. Read, D. Reynolds, V. Riabov, Y. Riabov, D. Richford, T. Rinn, N. Riveli, D. Roach, S. D. Rolnick, M. Rosati, Z. Rowan, J. G. Rubin, J. Runchey, A. S. Safonov, N. Saito, T. Sakaguchi, H. Sako, V. Samsonov, M. Sarsour, K. Sato, S. Sato, S. Sawada, B. Schaefer, B. K. Schmoll, K. Sedgwick, J. Seele, R. Seidl, A. Sen, R. Seto, P. Sett, A. Sexton, D. Sharma, I. Shein, T. -A. Shibata, K. Shigaki, M. Shimomura, T. Shioya, P. Shukla, A. Sickles, C. L. Silva, J. A. Silva, D. Silvermyr, B. K. Singh, C. P. Singh, V. Singh, M. Slunečka, K. L. Smith, M. Snowball, R. A. Soltz, W. E. Sondheim, S. P. Sorensen, I. V. Sourikova, P. W. Stankus, M. Stepanov, H. Stien, S. P. Stoll, T. Sugitate, A. Sukhanov, T. Sumita, J. Sun, S. Syed, J. Sziklai, A. Takahara, A Takeda, A. Taketani, K. Tanida, M. J. Tannenbaum, S. Tarafdar, A. Taranenko, G. Tarnai, R. Tieulent, A. Timilsina, T. Todoroki, M. Tomášek, H. Torii, C. L. Towell, M. Towell, R. Towell, R. S. Towell, I. Tserruya, Y. Ueda, B. Ujvari, H. W. van Hecke, M. Vargyas, J. Velkovska, M. Virius, V. Vrba, N. Vukman, E. Vznuzdaev, X. R. Wang, Z. Wang, D. Watanabe, Y. Watanabe, Y. S. Watanabe, F. Wei, S. Whitaker, S. Wolin, C. P. Wong, C. L. Woody, M. Wysocki, B. Xia, C. Xu, Q. Xu, L. Xue, S. Yalcin, Y. L. Yamaguchi, H. Yamamoto, A. Yanovich, J. H. Yoo, I. Yoon, I. Younus, H. Yu, I. E. Yushmanov, W. A. Zajc, A. Zelenski, L. Zou

We report the first measurement of the full angular distribution for inclusive $J/\psi\rightarrow\mu^{+}\mu^{-}$ decays in $p$$+$$p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=510$ GeV. The measurements are made for $J/\psi$ transverse momentum $2Read More

We present the first full catalog and science results for the NuSTAR serendipitous survey. The catalog incorporates data taken during the first 40 months of NuSTAR operation, which provide ~20Ms of effective exposure time over 331 fields, with an areal coverage of 13 sq deg, and 497 sources detected in total over the 3-24 keV energy range. There are 276 sources with spectroscopic redshifts and classifications, largely resulting from our extensive campaign of ground-based spectroscopic followup. Read More

We propose a new algorithm for multiplying dense polynomials with integer coefficients in a parallel fashion, targeting multi-core processor architectures. Complexity estimates and experimental comparisons demonstrate the advantages of this new approach. Read More

Kernelized Correlation Filter (KCF) is one of the state-of-the-art object trackers. However, it does not reasonably model the distribution of correlation response during tracking process, which might cause the drifting problem, especially when targets undergo significant appearance changes due to occlusion, camera shaking, and/or deformation. In this paper, we propose an Output Constraint Transfer (OCT) method that by modeling the distribution of correlation response in a Bayesian optimization framework is able to mitigate the drifting problem. Read More

The nonlinear electron and heat currents of quantum dot molecules (QDMs) under a temperature bias are theoretically investigated, including all correlation functions arising from electron Coulomb interactions in QDMs. Unlike the case of double QDs, the maximum efficiency of serially coupled triple QDs (SCTQD) occurs in the orbital depletion regime owing to the interdot Coulomb blockade. The electron current in SCTQD shows a bipolar oscillatory behavior with respect to the variation of QD energy levels, whereas the heat current does not show such a behavior. Read More

Graphene mechanical resonators are the ultimate two-dimensional nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) with applications in sensing and signal processing. While initial devices have shown promising results, an ideal graphene NEMS resonator should be strain engineered, clamped at the edge without trapping gas underneath, and electrically integratable. In this letter, we demonstrate fabrication and direct electrical measurement of circular SU-8 polymer-clamped chemical vapor deposition (CVD) graphene drum resonators. Read More

Oscillators, which produce continuous periodic signals from direct current power, are central to modern communications systems, with versatile applications such as timing references and frequency modulators. However, conventional oscillators typically consist of macroscopic mechanical resonators such as quartz crystals, which require excessive off-chip space. Here we report oscillators built on micron-size, atomically-thin graphene nanomechanical resonators, whose frequencies can be electrostatically tuned by as much as 14\%. Read More

The classical picture of the force on a capacitor assumes a large density of electronic states, such that the electrochemical potential of charges added to the capacitor is given by the external electrostatic potential and the capacitance is determined purely by geometry. Here we consider capacitively driven motion of a nano-mechanical resonator with a low density of states, in which these assumptions can break down. We find three leading-order corrections to the classical picture: the first of is a modulation in the static force due to variation in the internal chemical potential, the second and third are change in static force and dynamic spring constant due to the rate of change of chemical potential, expressed as the quantum (density of states) capacitance. Read More

Autonomous oscillators, such as clocks and lasers, produce periodic signals \emph{without} any external frequency reference. In order to sustain stable periodic motions, there needs to be external energy supply as well as nonlinearity built into the oscillator to regulate the amplitude. Usually, nonlinearity is provided by the sustaining feedback mechanism, which also supplies energy, whereas the constituent resonator that determines the output frequency stays linear. Read More

In this work, we investigate $O(4)$-symmetric instantons within the Eddington-inspired-Born-Infeld gravity theory (EiBI). We discuss the regular Hawking-Moss instanton and find that the tunneling rate reduces to the General Relativity (GR) value, even though the action value is different by a constant. We give a thorough analysis of the singular Vilenkin instanton and the Hawking-Turok instanton with a quadratic scalar field potential in the EiBI theory. Read More

Energy dissipation is an unavoidable phenomenon of physical systems that are directly coupled to an external environmental bath. The ability to engineer the processes responsible for dissipation and coupling is fundamental to manipulate the state of such systems. This is particularly important in oscillatory states whose dynamic response is used for many applications, e. Read More

We study poissonized tenable and balanced urns on two colors, say white and blue. In particular, we look at the process obtained by embedding a generalized P\'{o}lya-Eggenberger urn into continuous time. We analyze the number of white and blue balls after a certain period of time. Read More

Recurrent neural networks (RNNs) have shown promising performance for language modeling. However, traditional training of RNNs using back-propagation through time often suffers from overfitting. One reason for this is that stochastic optimization (used for large training sets) does not provide good estimates of model uncertainty. Read More

Synchronized bursts (SBs) with complex structures are common in neuronal cultures. Although the origin of SBs is still unclear, they have been studied for their information processing capabilities. Here, we investigate the properties of these SBs in a culture on multi-electrode array system. Read More

Co-clustering targets on grouping the samples (e.g., documents, users) and the features (e. Read More

We present Earliness-Aware Deep Convolutional Networks (EA-ConvNets), an end-to-end deep learning framework, for early classification of time series data. Unlike most existing methods for early classification of time series data, that are designed to solve this problem under the assumption of the availability of a good set of pre-defined (often hand-crafted) features, our framework can jointly perform feature learning (by learning a deep hierarchy of \emph{shapelets} capturing the salient characteristics in each time series), along with a dynamic truncation model to help our deep feature learning architecture focus on the early parts of each time series. Consequently, our framework is able to make highly reliable early predictions, outperforming various state-of-the-art methods for early time series classification, while also being competitive when compared to the state-of-the-art time series classification algorithms that work with \emph{fully observed} time series data. Read More

This work is motivated by a biological experiment with a split-plot design, for the purpose of comparison of the changing patterns in seed weight from two treatment groups as subgroups in each of the two groups subject to increasing levels of stress. We formalize the question into a nonparametric two sample comparison problem for changes among the sub samples, which was analyzed using U-statistics. Zero inflated value were also considered in the construction of the U-statistics. Read More

The dynamics of a two-dimensional superconductor under a constant electric field $E$ is studied by using the gauge/gravity correspondence. The pair breaking current induced by $E$ first increases to a peak value and then decreases to a constant value at late time, where the superconducting gap goes to zero, corresponding to a normal conducting phase. The peak value of the current is found to increase linearly with respect to the electric field. Read More

This paper summarises some of the recent progress that has been made in understanding astrophysical plasma turbulence in the solar wind, from in situ spacecraft observations. At large scales, where the turbulence is predominantly Alfvenic, measurements of critical balance, residual energy, and 3D structure are discussed, along with comparison to recent models of strong Alfvenic turbulence. At these scales, a few percent of the energy is also in compressive fluctuations, and their nature, anisotropy, and relation to the Alfvenic component is described. Read More

The predictive properties of a retina are studied by measuring the mutual information (MI) between its stimulation and the corresponding firing rates while it is being probed by a train of short pulses with stochastic intervals. Features of the measured MI at various time shifts between the stimulation and the response are used to characterize the predictive properties of the retina. By varying the statistical properties of the pulse train, our experiments show that a retina has the ability to predict future events of the stimulation if the information rate of the stimulation is low enough. Read More

We present a multi-wavelength analysis of 52 sub-millimeter galaxies (SMGs), identified using ALMA 870$\mu$m continuum imaging in a pilot program to precisely locate bright SCUBA2-selected sub-mm sources in the UKIDSS Ultra Deep Survey (UDS) field. Using the available deep (especially near-infrared), panoramic imaging of the UDS field at optical-to-radio wavelengths we characterize key properties of the SMG population. The median photometric redshift of the bright ALMA/SCUBA-2 UDS (AS2UDS) SMGs that are detected in a sufficient number of wavebands to derive a robust photometric redshift is $z$=2. Read More

The radiation reaction effects on electron dynamics in counter-propagating circularly polarized laser beams are investigated through the linearization theorem and the results are in great agreement with numeric solutions. For the first time, the properties of fixed points in electron phase-space were analyzed with linear stability theory, showing that center nodes will become attractors if the classical radiation reaction is considered. Electron dynamics are significantly affected by the properties of the fixed points and the electron phase-space densities are found to be increasing exponentially near the attractors. Read More

In literature, two different common informations were defined by G\'acs and K\"orner and by Wyner, respectively. In this paper, we define a generalized version of common information, information-correlation function, by exploiting conditional maximal correlation as a commonness or privacy measure, which encompasses the notions of G\'acs-K\"orner's and Wyner's common informations as special cases. Furthermore, we also study the problems of common information extraction and private sources synthesis, and show that information-correlation function is the optimal rate under a given conditional maximal correlation constraint for the centralized setting versions of these problems. Read More

For the benefit of the readers of this journal, the editors requested that we prepare a brief review of the history of the development of the theory, the experimental attempts to detect them, and the recent direct observations of gravitational waves (GWs). The theoretical ideas and disputes beginning with Einstein in 1916 regarding the existence and nature of GWs and the extent to which one can rely on the electromagnetic analogy, especially the controversies regarding the quadrupole formula and whether GWs carry energy, are discussed. The theoretical conclusions eventually received strong observational support from the binary pulsar. Read More

We formulate Nazarov-Wenzl type algebras ${\widehat{P}_d^-}$ for the representation theory of the Periplectic Lie superalgebras $\mathfrak{p}(n)$. We establish a Arakawa-Suzuki type theorem to provide a connection between $\mathfrak{p}(n)$-representations and $\widehat{P}_d^-$-representations. We also consider various tensor product representations for $\widehat{P}_d^-$. Read More

Using Chandra we have obtained imaging X-ray spectroscopy of the 10 to 16 Myr old F-star binary HD 113766. We individually resolve the binary components for the first time in the X-ray and find a total 0.3 to 2. Read More

Stochastic gradient MCMC (SG-MCMC) has played an important role in large-scale Bayesian learning, with well-developed theoretical convergence properties. In such applications of SG-MCMC, it is becoming increasingly popular to employ distributed systems, where stochastic gradients are computed based on some outdated parameters, yielding what are termed stale gradients. While stale gradients could be directly used in SG-MCMC, their impact on convergence properties has not been well studied. Read More

Recent advances in Bayesian learning with large-scale data have witnessed emergence of stochastic gradient MCMC algorithms (SG-MCMC), such as stochastic gradient Langevin dynamics (SGLD), stochastic gradient Hamiltonian MCMC (SGHMC), and the stochastic gradient thermostat. While finite-time convergence properties of the SGLD with a 1st-order Euler integrator have recently been studied, corresponding theory for general SG-MCMCs has not been explored. In this paper we consider general SG-MCMCs with high-order integrators, and develop theory to analyze finite-time convergence properties and their asymptotic invariant measures. Read More

Developing networks of neural systems can exhibit spontaneous, synchronous activities called neural bursts, which can be important in the organization of functional neural circuits. Before the network matures, the activity level of a burst can reverberate in repeated rise-and-falls in periods of hundreds of milliseconds following an initial wave-like propagation of spiking activity, while the burst itself lasts for seconds. To investigate the spatiotemporal structure of the reverberatory bursts, we culture dissociated, rat cortical neurons on a high-density multi-electrode array to record the dynamics of neural activity over the growth and maturation of the network. Read More

Let G denote a graph and let K be a subset of vertices that are a set of target vertices of G. The K-terminal reliability of G is defined as the probability that all target vertices in K are connected, considering the possible failures of non-target vertices of G. The problem of computing K-terminal reliability is known to be #P-complete for polygon-circle graphs, and can be solved in polynomial-time for t-polygon graphs, which are a subclass of polygon-circle graphs. Read More

Cutting planes are derived from specific problem structures, such as a single linear constraint from an integer program. This paper introduces cuts that involve minimal structural assumptions, enabling the generation of strong polyhedral relaxations for a broad class of problems. We consider valid inequalities for the set $S\cap P$, where $S$ is a closed set, and $P$ is a polyhedron. Read More

We present deep observations at 450 um and 850 um in the Extended Groth Strip field taken with the SCUBA-2 camera mounted on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope as part of the deep SCUBA-2 Cosmology Legacy Survey (S2CLS), achieving a central instrumental depth of $\sigma_{450}=1.2$ mJy/beam and $\sigma_{850}=0.2$ mJy/beam. Read More

2016Oct

The unpolarized semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering (SIDIS) differential cross sections in $^3$He($e,e^{\prime}\pi^{\pm}$)$X$ have been measured for the first time in Jefferson Lab experiment E06-010 performed with a $5.9\,$GeV $e^-$ beam on a $^3$He target. The experiment focuses on the valence quark region, covering a kinematic range $0. Read More

We present physical properties [redshifts (z), star-formation rates (SFRs) and stellar masses (Mstar)] of nearly 2000 bright (S850 > 4 mJy) submm galaxies in the ~2 deg2 COSMOS and UDS fields selected with SCUBA-2 on the JCMT, representing the largest homogeneous sample of 850-um-selected sources to date. We check the reliability of our identifications, and the robustness of the SCUBA-2 fluxes by revisiting the recent ALMA follow-up. Considering > 4 mJy ALMA sources, our identification method has a completeness of ~86 per cent with a reliability of ~92 per cent, and only ~15-20 per cent of sources are significantly affected by multiplicity (when a secondary component is brighter than a third of the primary one). Read More

With current efforts to design Future Internet Architectures (FIAs), the evaluation and comparison of different proposals is an interesting research challenge. Previously, metrics such as bandwidth or latency have commonly been used to compare FIAs to IP networks. We suggest the use of power consumption as a metric to compare FIAs. Read More

MoS2 atomic layers have recently attracted much interest because of their two-dimensional structure as well as tunable optical, electrical, and mechanical properties for next generation electronic and electro-optical devices. Here we have achieved facile fabrication of MoS2 thin films on CdS nanowires by cation exchange in solution at room temperature and importantly observed their extraordinary magnetic properties. We establish the atomic structure of the MoS2/CdS heterostructure by taking atomic images of the MoS2/CdS interface as well as performing first-principles density functional geometry optimizations and STEM-ADF image simulations. Read More