C. -H. Chen - Durham University

C. -H. Chen
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C. -H. Chen
Durham University
United Kingdom

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (8)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (8)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (5)
Physics - Materials Science (5)
Quantum Physics (5)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (4)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (4)
Nuclear Experiment (4)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (4)
Physics - Atomic Physics (2)
Physics - Superconductivity (2)
Mathematics - Information Theory (2)
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (2)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (2)
Computer Science - Information Theory (2)
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (2)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (2)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (1)
Nuclear Theory (1)
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
Mathematics - Classical Analysis and ODEs (1)
High Energy Physics - Lattice (1)
Quantitative Biology - Tissues and Organs (1)
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
Physics - Optics (1)
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (1)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Physics - Space Physics (1)
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)

Publications Authored By C. -H. Chen

With onboard operating systems becoming increasingly common in vehicles, the real-time broadband infotainment and Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) service applications in fast-motion vehicles become ever demanding, which are highly expected to significantly improve the efficiency and safety of our daily on-road lives. The emerging ITS and vehicular applications, e.g. Read More

Symbolic regression is an important but challenging research topic in data mining. It can detect the underlying mathematical models. Genetic programming (GP) is one of the most popular methods for symbolic regression. Read More

The rhenium-based transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are atypical of the TMD family due to their highly anisotropic crystalline structure and are recognized as promising materials for two dimensional heterostructure devices. The nature of the band gap (direct or indirect) for bulk, few and single layer forms of ReS$_2$ is of particular interest, due to its comparatively weak inter-planar interaction. However, the degree of inter-layer interaction and the question of whether a transition from indirect to direct gap is observed on reducing thickness (as in other TMDs) are controversial. Read More

In order to understand the nature of the accelerating expansion of the late-time universe, it is important to experimentally determine whether dark energy is cosmological constant or dynamical in nature. If dark energy already exists prior to inflation, which is a reasonable assumption, then one expects that a dynamical dark energy would leave some footprint in the anisotropy of the late-time accelerated expansion. We invoke the quintessence field, one of the simplest dynamical dark energy models, to investigate the effects of its quantum fluctuations (fully correlated with curvature perturbations) during inflation and estimate the anisotropy of the cosmic expansion so induced. Read More

We investigate the dependence of black-hole accretion rate (BHAR) on host-galaxy star formation rate (SFR) and stellar mass ($M_*$) in the CANDELS/GOODS-South field in the redshift range of $0.5\leq z < 2.0$. Read More

$[Background]$ Measurements of the neutron charge distribution are made difficult by the fact that, with no net charge, the neutron electric form factor, $G^n_E$, is generally much smaller than the magnetic form factor, $G^n_M$. In addition, measurements of these form factors must use nuclear targets which requires accurately accounting for nuclear effects. $[Method]$ The inclusive quasi-elastic reaction $^3\overrightarrow{\rm{He}}(\overrightarrow{e},e')$ was measured at Jefferson Lab. Read More

We analyze the collider signatures of the real singlet extension of the Standard Model in regions consistent with a strong first-order electroweak phase transition and a singlet-like scalar heavier than the Standard Model-like Higgs. A definitive correlation exists between the strength of the phase transition and the trilinear coupling of the Higgs to two singlet-like scalars, and hence between the phase transition and non-resonant scalar pair production involving the singlet at colliders. We study the prospects for observing these processes at the LHC and a future 100 TeV $pp$ collider, focusing particularly on double singlet production. Read More

Quantum enhanced microscopy allows for measurements at high sensitivities and low damage. Recently, multi-pass microscopy was introduced as such a scheme, exploiting the sensitivity enhancement offered by multiple photon-sample interactions. Here we theoretically and numerically compare three different contrast enhancing techniques that are all based on self-imaging cavities: CW cavity enhanced microscopy, cavity ring-down microscopy and multi-pass microscopy. Read More

Heterogeneous wireless networks with small-cell deployments in licensed and unlicensed spectrum bands are a promising approach for expanding wireless connectivity and service. As a result, wireless service providers (SPs) are adding small-cells to augment their existing macro-cell deployments. This added flexibility complicates network management, in particular, service pricing and spectrum allocations across macro- and small-cells. Read More

$L_\mu -L_\tau$ gauge boson ($Z'$) with a mass in the MeV to GeV region can resolve not only the muon $g-2$ excess, but also the gap in the high-energy cosmic neutrino spectrum at IceCube. It was recently proposed that such a light gauge boson can be detected at the Belle II experiment with a luminosity of 50 ab$^{-1}$ by the $e^+ e^- \to \gamma +\slashed{E}$ process through the kinetic mixing with the photon, where the missing energy $\slashed{E}$ is from the $Z' \to \bar\nu \nu$ decays. We study the phenomenological implications when a pair of singlet vector-like leptons carrying different $L_\mu - L_\tau$ charges are included, and a complex singlet scalar ($\phi_S$) is introduced to accomplish the spontaneous $U(1)_{L_\mu -L_\tau}$ symmetry breaking. Read More

The identification of high-redshift massive galaxies with old stellar populations may pose challenges to some models of galaxy formation. However, to securely classify a galaxy as quiescent, it is necessary to exclude significant ongoing star formation, something that can be challenging to achieve at high redshift. In this letter, we analyse deep ALMA/870um and SCUBA-2/450um imaging of the claimed "post-starburst" galaxy ZF-20115 at z=3. Read More

Remote sensing research focusing on feature selection has long attracted the attention of the remote sensing community because feature selection is a prerequisite for image processing and various applications. Different feature selection methods have been proposed to improve the classification accuracy. They vary from basic search techniques to clonal selections, and various optimal criteria have been investigated. Read More

This paper considers a wireless powered communication network (WPCN) with group cooperation, where two communication groups cooperate with each other via wireless power transfer and time sharing to fulfill their expected information delivering and achieve "win-win" collaboration. To explore the system performance limits, we formulate optimization problems to respectively maximize the weighted sum-rate and minimize the total consumed power. The time assignment, beamforming vector and power allocation are jointly optimized under available power and quality of service requirement constraints of both groups. Read More

Whole body biodistribution of 100 nanometer sized polymer micellar nanoparticles (NPs) was determined following intranasal administration using PET/CT imaging on a clinical scanner. Nanoparticles labeled with Zirconium 89 were administered intranasally or intravenously to Sprague Dawley rats followed by serial ex vivo PET/CT imaging in a clinical scanner. At 30 minutes and 1 hour following intranasal delivery, the animals were sacrificed and placed in the PET/CT scanner. Read More

ReSe2 and ReS2 are unusual compounds amongst the layered transition metal dichalcogenides as a result of their low symmetry, with a characteristic in-plane anisotropy due to in-plane rhenium chains. They preserve inversion symmetry independent of the number of layers and, in contrast to more well-known transition metal dichalcogenides, bulk and few-monolayer Re-TMD compounds have been proposed to behave as electronically and vibrational decoupled layers. Here, we probe for the first time the electronic band structure of bulk ReSe2 by direct nanoscale angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. Read More

Deep convolutional neural networks (CNN) have recently been shown to generate promising results for aesthetics assessment. However, the performance of these deep CNN methods is often compromised by the constraint that the neural network only takes the fixed-size input. To accommodate this requirement, input images need to be transformed via cropping, warping, or padding, which often alter image composition, reduce image resolution, or cause image distortion. Read More

By far cosmology is one of the most exciting subject to study, even more so with the current bulk of observations we have at hand. These observations might indicate different kinds of doomsdays, if dark energy follows certain patterns. Two of these doomsdays are the Little Rip (LR) and Little Sibling of the Big Rip (LSBR). Read More

Deep learning has been demonstrated to achieve excellent results for image classification and object detection. However, the impact of deep learning on video analysis (e.g. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of Texas at Austin, 2University of California Irvine, 3University of Texas at Austin, 4Spitzer Science Center, 5European Southern Observatory, 6University of Texas at Austin, 7Rochester Institute of Technology, 8Rochester Institute of Technology, 9Institute for Astronomy/University of Hawai'i

We present near-infrared and optical spectroscopic observations of a sample of 450$\mu$m and 850$\mu$m-selected dusty star-forming galaxies (DSFGs) identified in a 400 arcmin$^2$ area in the COSMOS field. Thirty-one sources of the 102 targets were spectroscopically confirmed at $0.2Read More

The proton is composed of quarks and gluons, bound by the most elusive mechanism of strong interaction called confinement. In this work, the dynamics of quarks and gluons are investigated using deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS): produced by a multi-GeV electron, a highly virtual photon scatters off the proton which subsequently radiates a high energy photon. Similarly to holography, measuring not only the magnitude but also the phase of the DVCS amplitude allows to perform 3D images of the internal structure of the proton. Read More

Authors: C. Aidala, N. N. Ajitanand, Y. Akiba, R. Akimoto, J. Alexander, M. Alfred, K. Aoki, N. Apadula, H. Asano, E. T. Atomssa, T. C. Awes, C. Ayuso, B. Azmoun, V. Babintsev, A. Bagoly, M. Bai, X. Bai, B. Bannier, K. N. Barish, S. Bathe, V. Baublis, C. Baumann, S. Baumgart, A. Bazilevsky, M. Beaumier, R. Belmont, A. Berdnikov, Y. Berdnikov, D. Black, D. S. Blau, M. Boer, J. S. Bok, K. Boyle, M. L. Brooks, J. Bryslawskyj, H. Buesching, V. Bumazhnov, C. Butler, S. Butsyk, S. Campbell, V. Canoa Roman, C. -H. Chen, C. Y. Chi, M. Chiu, I. J. Choi, J. B. Choi, S. Choi, P. Christiansen, T. Chujo, V. Cianciolo, B. A. Cole, M. Connors, N. Cronin, N. Crossette, M. Csanád, T. Csörgő, T. W. Danley, A. Datta, M. S. Daugherity, G. David, K. DeBlasio, K. Dehmelt, A. Denisov, A. Deshpande, E. J. Desmond, L. Ding, J. H. Do, L. D'Orazio, O. Drapier, A. Drees, K. A. Drees, M. Dumancic, J. M. Durham, A. Durum, T. Elder, T. Engelmore, A. Enokizono, S. Esumi, K. O. Eyser, B. Fadem, W. Fan, N. Feege, D. E. Fields, M. Finger, M. Finger, \, Jr., F. Fleuret, S. L. Fokin, J. E. Frantz, A. Franz, A. D. Frawley, Y. Fukao, Y. Fukuda, T. Fusayasu, K. Gainey, C. Gal, P. Garg, A. Garishvili, I. Garishvili, H. Ge, F. Giordano, A. Glenn, X. Gong, M. Gonin, Y. Goto, R. Granier de Cassagnac, N. Grau, S. V. Greene, M. Grosse Perdekamp, Y. Gu, T. Gunji, H. Guragain, T. Hachiya, J. S. Haggerty, K. I. Hahn, H. Hamagaki, S. Y. Han, J. Hanks, S. Hasegawa, T. O. S. Haseler, K. Hashimoto, R. Hayano, X. He, T. K. Hemmick, T. Hester, J. C. Hill, K. Hill, R. S. Hollis, K. Homma, B. Hong, T. Hoshino, N. Hotvedt, J. Huang, S. Huang, T. Ichihara, Y. Ikeda, K. Imai, Y. Imazu, J. Imrek, M. Inaba, A. Iordanova, D. Isenhower, A. Isinhue, Y. Ito, D. Ivanishchev, B. V. Jacak, S. J. Jeon, M. Jezghani, Z. Ji, J. Jia, X. Jiang, B. M. Johnson, K. S. Joo, V. Jorjadze, D. Jouan, D. S. Jumper, J. Kamin, S. Kanda, B. H. Kang, J. H. Kang, J. S. Kang, D. Kapukchyan, J. Kapustinsky, S. Karthas, D. Kawall, A. V. Kazantsev, J. A. Key, V. Khachatryan, P. K. Khandai, A. Khanzadeev, K. M. Kijima, C. Kim, D. J. Kim, E. -J. Kim, M. Kim, Y. -J. Kim, Y. K. Kim, D. Kincses, E. Kistenev, J. Klatsky, D. Kleinjan, P. Kline, T. Koblesky, M. Kofarago, B. Komkov, J. Koster, D. Kotchetkov, D. Kotov, F. Krizek, S. Kudo, K. Kurita, M. Kurosawa, Y. Kwon, R. Lacey, Y. S. Lai, J. G. Lajoie, E. O. Lallow, A. Lebedev, D. M. Lee, G. H. Lee, J. Lee, K. B. Lee, K. S. Lee, S. H. Lee, M. J. Leitch, M. Leitgab, Y. H. Leung, B. Lewis, N. A. Lewis, X. Li, X. Li, S. H. Lim, L. D. Liu, M. X. Liu, V. -R. Loggins, S. Lokos, D. Lynch, C. F. Maguire, T. Majoros, Y. I. Makdisi, M. Makek, M. Malaev, A. Manion, V. I. Manko, E. Mannel, H. Masuda, M. McCumber, P. L. McGaughey, D. McGlinchey, C. McKinney, A. Meles, M. Mendoza, B. Meredith, W. J. Metzger, Y. Miake, T. Mibe, A. C. Mignerey, D. E. Mihalik, A. Milov, D. K. Mishra, J. T. Mitchell, G. Mitsuka, S. Miyasaka, S. Mizuno, A. K. Mohanty, S. Mohapatra, T. Moon, D. P. Morrison, S. I. M. Morrow, M. Moskowitz, T. V. Moukhanova, T. Murakami, J. Murata, A. Mwai, T. Nagae, K. Nagai, S. Nagamiya, K. Nagashima, T. Nagashima, J. L. Nagle, M. I. Nagy, I. Nakagawa, H. Nakagomi, Y. Nakamiya, K. R. Nakamura, T. Nakamura, K. Nakano, C. Nattrass, P. K. Netrakanti, M. Nihashi, T. Niida, R. Nouicer, T. Novák, N. Novitzky, R. Novotny, A. S. Nyanin, E. O'Brien, C. A. Ogilvie, H. Oide, K. Okada, J. D. Orjuela Koop, J. D. Osborn, A. Oskarsson, K. Ozawa, R. Pak, V. Pantuev, V. Papavassiliou, I. H. Park, J. S. Park, S. Park, S. K. Park, S. F. Pate, L. Patel, M. Patel, J. -C. Peng, W. Peng, D. V. Perepelitsa, G. D. N. Perera, D. Yu. Peressounko, C. E. PerezLara, J. Perry, R. Petti, M. Phipps, C. Pinkenburg, R. P. Pisani, A. Pun, M. L. Purschke, H. Qu, P. V. Radzevich, J. Rak, I. Ravinovich, K. F. Read, D. Reynolds, V. Riabov, Y. Riabov, E. Richardson, D. Richford, T. Rinn, N. Riveli, D. Roach, S. D. Rolnick, M. Rosati, Z. Rowan, J. Runchey, M. S. Ryu, B. Sahlmueller, N. Saito, T. Sakaguchi, H. Sako, V. Samsonov, M. Sarsour, K. Sato, S. Sato, S. Sawada, B. Schaefer, B. K. Schmoll, K. Sedgwick, J. Seele, R. Seidl, Y. Sekiguchi, A. Sen, R. Seto, P. Sett, A. Sexton, D. Sharma, A. Shaver, I. Shein, T. -A. Shibata, K. Shigaki, M. Shimomura, K. Shoji, P. Shukla, A. Sickles, C. L. Silva, D. Silvermyr, B. K. Singh, C. P. Singh, V. Singh, M. J. Skoby, M. Skolnik, M. Slunečka, K. L. Smith, S. Solano, R. A. Soltz, W. E. Sondheim, S. P. Sorensen, I. V. Sourikova, P. W. Stankus, P. Steinberg, E. Stenlund, M. Stepanov, A. Ster, S. P. Stoll, M. R. Stone, T. Sugitate, A. Sukhanov, J. Sun, S. Syed, A. Takahara, A Takeda, A. Taketani, Y. Tanaka, K. Tanida, M. J. Tannenbaum, S. Tarafdar, A. Taranenko, G. Tarnai, E. Tennant, R. Tieulent, A. Timilsina, T. Todoroki, M. Tomášek, H. Torii, C. L. Towell, R. S. Towell, I. Tserruya, Y. Ueda, B. Ujvari, H. W. van Hecke, M. Vargyas, S. Vazquez-Carson, E. Vazquez-Zambrano, A. Veicht, J. Velkovska, R. Vértesi, M. Virius, V. Vrba, E. Vznuzdaev, X. R. Wang, Z. Wang, D. Watanabe, K. Watanabe, Y. Watanabe, Y. S. Watanabe, F. Wei, S. Whitaker, S. Wolin, C. P. Wong, C. L. Woody, M. Wysocki, B. Xia, C. Xu, Q. Xu, Y. L. Yamaguchi, A. Yanovich, P. Yin, S. Yokkaichi, J. H. Yoo, I. Yoon, Z. You, I. Younus, H. Yu, I. E. Yushmanov, W. A. Zajc, A. Zelenski, S. Zharko, S. Zhou, L. Zou

The cross section and transverse single-spin asymmetries of $\mu^{-}$ and $\mu^{+}$ from open heavy-flavor decays in polarized $p$+$p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV were measured by the PHENIX experiment during 2012 at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. Because heavy-flavor production is dominated by gluon-gluon interactions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV, these measurements offer a unique opportunity to obtain information on the trigluon correlation functions. The measurements are performed at forward and backward rapidity ($1. Read More

We investigate the superconducting-gap anisotropy in one of the recently discovered BiS$_2$-based superconductors, NdO$_{0.71}$F$_{0.29}$BiS$_2$ ($T_c$ $\sim$ 5 K), using laser-based angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. Read More

In this paper, we address the problem of cross-view image geo-localization. Specifically, we aim to estimate the GPS location of a query street view image by finding the matching images in a reference database of geo-tagged bird's eye view images, or vice versa. To this end, we present a new framework for cross-view image geo-localization by taking advantage of the tremendous success of deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) in image classification and object detection. Read More

Employing two state-of-the-art methods, multiconfiguration Dirac--Hartree--Fock and second-order many-body perturbation theory, the excitation energies and lifetimes for the lowest 200 states of the $2s^2 2p^4$, $2s 2p^5$, $2p^6$, $2s^2 2p^3 3s$, $2s^2 2p^3 3p$, $2s^2 2p^3 3d$, $2s 2p^4 3s$, $2s 2p^4 3p$, and $2s 2p^4 3d$ configurations, and multipole (electric dipole (E1), magnetic dipole (M1), and electric quadrupole (E2)) transition rates, line strengths, and oscillator strengths among these states are calculated for each O-like ion from Cr XVII to Zn XXIII. Our two data sets are compared with the NIST and CHIANTI compiled values, and previous calculations. The data are accurate enough for identification and deblending of new emission lines from the sun and other astrophysical sources. Read More

Heavy vector-like quarks (VLQs) appear in many models of beyond the Standard Model physics. Direct experimental searches require these new quarks to be heavy, $\gsim$ 800-1000 GeV. We perform a global fit of the parameters of simple VLQ models in minimal representations of $SU(2)_L$ to precision data and Higgs rates. Read More

We propose a method to electrically control electron spins in donor-based qubits in silicon. By taking advantage of the hyperfine coupling difference between a single-donor and a two-donor quantum dot, spin rotation can be driven by inducing an electric dipole between them and applying an alternating electric field generated by in-plane gates. These qubits can be coupled with exchange interaction controlled by top detuning gates. Read More

Engineered lattices in condensed matter physics, such as cold atom optical lattices or photonic crystals, can have fundamentally different properties from naturally-occurring electronic crystals. Here, we report a novel type of artificial quantum matter lattice. Our lattice is a multilayer heterostructure built from alternating thin films of topological and trivial insulators. Read More

Dirac materials exhibit intriguing low-energy carrier dynamics that offer a fertile ground for novel physics discovery. Of particular interest is the interplay of Dirac carriers with other quantum phenomena, such as magnetism. Here we report on a two-magnon Raman scattering study of AMnBi2 (A=Ca, Sr), a prototypical magnetic Dirac system comprising alternating Dirac-carrier and magnetic layers. Read More

We study the influence of a charged-Higgs on the excess of branching fraction ratio, $R_M = BR(\bar B \to M \tau \bar\nu_\tau)/BR(\bar B \to M \ell \bar \nu_\ell)$ $(M=D, D^*)$, in a generic two-Higgs-doublet model. For investigating the lepton polarization, the detailed decay amplitudes with lepton helicity are given. When the charged-Higgs is used to resolve the excesses, it is found that two independent Yukawa couplings are needed to together explain the $R_D$ and $R_{D^*}$ anomalies and simultaneously fit the branching ratios of the decays within $2\sigma$ errors. Read More

We investigate the anomalies of muon $g-2$, $R_K$, $R_{D}$, and $R_{D^*}$ in a specific model with one doublet, one triplet, and one singlet scalar leptoquarks (LQs). When the strict limits from the $\ell' \to \ell \gamma$, $\Delta B=2$, $B_{s}\to \mu^+ \mu^-$, and $B^+ \to K^+ \nu \bar\nu$ processes are considered, it is found that due to the strong correlations among the constraints and observables, it is difficult to use one scalar LQ to explain all anomalies. After ignoring the constraints and small couplings, the muon $g-2$ can be singly explained by the doublet LQ due to the $m_t$ enhancement; the measured and unexpected smaller $R_K$ needs the combination effects from the doublet and triplet LQs; and the $R_D$ and $R_{D^*}$ excesses have to rely on the singlet LQ through the scalar- and tensor-type interactions. Read More

Observations in the solar wind suggest that the compressive component of inertial-range solar-wind turbulence is dominated by slow modes. The low collisionality of the solar wind allows for non-thermal features to survive, which suggests the requirement of a kinetic plasma description. The least-damped kinetic slow mode is associated with the ion-acoustic (IA) wave and a non-propagating (NP) mode. Read More

Two-dimensional (2D) materials are composed of atomically thin crystals with an enormous surface-to-volume ratio, and their physical properties can be easily subjected to the change of the chemical environment. Encapsulation with other layered materials, such as hexagonal boron nitride, is a common practice; however, this approach often requires inextricable fabrication processes. Alternatively, it is intriguing to explore methods to control transport properties in the circumstance of no encapsulated layer. Read More

A 30-gram xenon bubble chamber, operated at Northwestern University in June and November 2016, has for the first time observed simultaneous bubble nucleation and scintillation by nuclear recoils in liquid xenon. This chamber is instrumented with a CCD camera for near-IR bubble imaging, a solar-blind PMT to detect 175-nm xenon scintillation light, and a piezoelectric acoustic transducer to detect the ultrasonic emission from a growing bubble. The time-of-nucleation determined from the acoustic signal is used to correlate specific scintillation pulses with bubble-nucleating events. Read More

Affiliations: 1Dunlap Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 2Space Telescope Science Institute, 3University of California, Berkeley, 4University of California, Berkeley, 5Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics, Stanford University, 6Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics, Stanford University, 7Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, 8Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 9Department of Physics and Astronomy, Centre for Planetary Science and Exploration, the University of Western Ontario, 10Subaru Telescope, NAOJ, 11Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, 12Gemini South Observatory, 13Space Telescope Science Institute, 14Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Georgia, 15University of California Observatories/Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz, 16Institut de Recherche sur les Exoplanètes, Départment de Physique, Université de Montréal, 17University of Victoria, 18University of California, Berkeley, 19National Research Council of Canada Herzberg, 20National Research Council of Canada Herzberg, 21Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, 22Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics, Stanford University, 23University of California Observatories/Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz, 24Gemini North Observatory, 25University of California, Berkeley, 26Department of Astronomy, University of Michigan, 27Gemini South Observatory, 28European Southern Observatory, 29Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, 30Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, 31University of California, Berkeley, 32Center for Astrophysics and Space Science, University of California San Diego, 33Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, 34Center for Astrophysics and Space Science, University of California San Diego, 35SETI Institute, Carl Sagan Center, 36Space Science Division, NASA Ames Research Center, 37University of Victoria, 38Department of Physics and Astronomy, Centre for Planetary Science and Exploration, the University of Western Ontario, 39Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 40Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 41Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics, Stanford University, 42University of California Observatories/Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz, 43American Museum of Natural History, Department of Astrophysics, 44Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 45School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, 46Space Telescope Science Institute, 47Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 48School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, 49Institut de Recherche sur les Exoplanètes, Départment de Physique, Université de Montréal, 50Gemini South Observatory, 51Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy, Universities Space Research Association, NASA/Armstrong Flight Research Center, 52National Research Council of Canada Herzberg, 53Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University, 54School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, 55Gemini South Observatory, 56Space Telescope Science Institute, 57Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Georgia, 58Space Telescope Science Institute, 59Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, 60Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 61University of California, Berkeley, 62School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, 63The Aerospace Corporation, 64Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University

Using the Gemini Planet Imager (GPI) located at Gemini South, we measured the near-infrared (1.0-2.4 micron) spectrum of the planetary companion to the nearby, young star $\beta$ Pictoris. Read More

The crystallographic stacking order in multilayer graphene plays an important role in determining its electronic structure. In trilayer graphene, rhombohedral stacking (ABC) is particularly intriguing, exhibiting a flat band with an electric-field tunable band gap. Such electronic structure is distinct from simple hexagonal stacking (AAA) or typical Bernal stacking (ABA), and is promising for nanoscale electronics, optoelectronics applications. Read More

New results are reported from the operation of the PICO-60 dark matter detector, a bubble chamber filled with 52 kg of C$_3$F$_8$ located in the SNOLAB underground laboratory. As in previous PICO bubble chambers, PICO-60 C$_3$F$_8$ exhibits excellent electron recoil and alpha decay rejection, and the observed multiple-scattering neutron rate indicates a single-scatter neutron background of less than 1 event per month. A blind analysis of an efficiency-corrected 1167-kg-day exposure at a 3. Read More

Quantum metrology pursues the fundamental enhancement to sensitive measurement on certain physical quantity by using quantum characters. It has been proposed that using entanglement, one may increase the metrology precision from the standard quantum limit (SQL) to the Heisenberg limit (HL). However, previous works showed that the HL is unattainable when the system is exposed to local dephasing noises. Read More

In order for a Sullivan-like process to provide reliable access to a meson target as $t$ becomes spacelike, the pole associated with that meson should remain the dominant feature of the quark-antiquark scattering matrix and the wave function describing the related correlation must evolve slowly and smoothly. Using continuum methods for the strong-interaction bound-state problem, we explore and delineate the circumstances under which these conditions are satisfied: for the pion, this requires $-t \lesssim 0.6\,$GeV$^2$, whereas $-t\lesssim 0. Read More

We find that the solution of the polar angular differential equation can be written as the universal associated Legendre polynomials. Its generating function is applied to obtain an analytical result for a class of interesting integrals involving complicated argument. The present method can in principle be generalizable to the integrals involving other special functions. Read More

We study the projections in vector spaces over finite fields. We prove finite fields analogues of the bounds on the dimensions of the exceptional sets for Euclidean projection mapping. We provide examples which do not have exceptional projections via projections of random sets. Read More

Extensive self-consistent multi-configuration Dirac-Hartree-Fock (MCDHF) calculations are performed for the $3s^2 3p^6 3d^k$ ($k=1-9$) ground configurations of highly charged ions ($Z=72-83$). Complete and consistent data sets of \textbf{excitation energies}, wavelengths, line strengths, oscillator strengths, and magnetic dipole (M1) and electric quadrupole (E2) transition rates among all these levels are given. We have compared our results with the results available in the literature and the accuracy of the data is assessed. Read More

Learning a classifier from ambiguously labeled face images is challenging since training images are not always explicitly-labeled. For instance, face images of two persons in a news photo are not explicitly labeled by their names in the caption. We propose a Matrix Completion for Ambiguity Resolution (MCar) method for predicting the actual labels from ambiguously labeled images. Read More

Robust control design for quantum systems has been recognized as a key task in quantum information technology, molecular chemistry and atomic physics. In this paper, an improved differential evolution algorithm of msMS_DE is proposed to search robust fields for various quantum control problems. In msMS_DE, multiple samples are used for fitness evaluation and a mixed strategy is employed for mutation operation. Read More

We study interaction effect of quantum spin Hall state in InAs/GaSb quantum wells under an in-plane magnetic field by using the self-consistent mean field theory. We construct a phase diagram as a function of intra-layer and inter-layer interactions, and identify two novel phases, a charge/spin density wave phase and an exciton condensate phase. The charge/spin density wave phase is topologically non-trivial with helical edge transport at the boundary, while the exciton condensate phase is topologically trivial. Read More

This paper focuses on the tracking performance limitation for a class of networked control systems(NCSs) with two-channel constraints. In communication channels, we consider bandwidth, energy constraints and additive colored Gaussian noise(ACGN) simultaneously. In plant, non-minimal zeros and unstable poles are considered; multi-repeated zeros and poles are also applicable. Read More

High penetration of renewable energy source makes microgrid (MGs) be environment friendly. However, the stochastic input from renewable energy resource brings difficulty in balancing the energy supply and demand. Purchasing extra energy from macrogrid to deal with energy shortage will increase MG energy cost. Read More

In this first paper in the SUPER GOODS series on powerfully star-forming galaxies in the two GOODS fields, we present a deep SCUBA-2 survey of the GOODS-N at both 850 and 450 micron (central rms noise of 0.28 mJy and 2.6 mJy, respectively). Read More

Material line defects are one-dimensional structures but the search and proof of electron behaviour consistent with the reduced dimension of such defects has been so far unsuccessful. Here we show using angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy that twin-grain boundaries in the layered semiconductor MoSe2 exhibit parabolic metallic bands. The one-dimensional nature is evident from a charge density wave transition, whose periodicity is given by kF/{\pi}, consistent with scanning tunneling microscopy and angle resolved photoemission measurements. Read More

This paper studies optimal tracking performance issues for multi-input-multi-output linear time-invariant systems under networked control with limited bandwidth and additive colored white Gaussian noise channel. The tracking performance is measured by control input energy and the energy of the error signal between the output of the system and the reference signal with respect to a Brownian motion random process. This paper focuses on two kinds of network parameters, the basic network parameter-bandwidth and the additive colored white Gaussian noise, and studies the tracking performance limitation problem. Read More