Bruno E. Schmidt

Bruno E. Schmidt
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Bruno E. Schmidt

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Physics - Optics (3)
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)

Publications Authored By Bruno E. Schmidt

We generate high-order harmonics of a mid-infrared laser from a silicon single crystal and find their origin in the recollision of coherently accelerated electrons with their holes, analogously to the atomic and molecular case, and to ZnO [Vampa et al., Nature 522, 462-464 (2015)], a direct bandgap material. Therefore indirect bandgap materials are shown to sustain the recollision process as well as direct bandgap materials. Read More

In the framework of linear optics, light fields do not interact with each other in a medium. Yet, when their field amplitude becomes comparable to the electron binding energies of matter, the nonlinear motion of these electrons emits new dipole radiation whose amplitude, frequency and phase differ from the incoming fields. Such high fields are typically achieved with ultra-short, femtosecond (1fs = 10-15 sec. Read More

The introduction of femto-chemistry has made it a primary goal to follow the nuclear and electronic evolution of a molecule in time and space as it undergoes a chemical reaction. Using Coulomb Explosion Imaging we have shot the first high-resolution molecular movie of a to and fro isomerization process in the acetylene cation. So far, this kind of phenomenon could only be observed using VUV light from a Free Electron Laser [Phys. Read More

Laser-induced ionization is a fundamental tool for the frequency conversion of lasers into spectral regions so far inaccessible, including both extreme ultraviolet and terahertz. The low-frequency currents induced by laser-driven ionization generate extremely broadband, single-cycle terahertz pulses, with applications ranging from remote sensing to optical pulse diagnostic, yet strong limitations arise from the low conversion efficiencies of this mechanism. We show a remarkable increase of the radiated terahertz energy with the laser wavelength and we relate this observation to the stronger action of long-wavelength fields on ionization-induced free-carriers. Read More