Bo Zhou

Bo Zhou
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Mathematics - Combinatorics (17)
 
Nuclear Theory (9)
 
Mathematics - Information Theory (7)
 
Computer Science - Information Theory (7)
 
Physics - Materials Science (6)
 
Computer Science - Networking and Internet Architecture (4)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (3)
 
Physics - Superconductivity (3)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
 
Astrophysics (1)
 
Quantitative Biology - Neurons and Cognition (1)
 
Statistics - Applications (1)
 
Physics - Other (1)
 
Physics - Biological Physics (1)
 
Computer Science - Other (1)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (1)
 
Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory (1)
 
Mathematics - Probability (1)
 
Statistics - Computation (1)

Publications Authored By Bo Zhou

Membrane fluidity, well-known to be essential for cell functions, is obviously affected by copper. However, the underlying mechanism is still far from being understood, especially on the atomic level. Here, we unexpectedly observed that a decrease in phospholipid (PL) bilayer fluidity caused by Cu2+ was much more significant than those induced by Zn2+ and Ca2+, while a comparable reduction occurred in the last two ions. Read More

We present a microscopic calculation of alpha-cluster formation in heavy nuclei by using the quartetting wave function approach. The interaction of the quartet with the core nucleus is taken in local density approximation. The alpha-cluster formation is found to be particularly sensitive to the interplay of the mean field felt by the alpha-cluster and the Pauli blocking as a consequence of antisymmetrization. Read More

In this paper we outline our results for validating the precision of the internal power meters of smart-phones under different workloads. We compare its results with an external power meter. This is the first step towards creating customized energy models on the fly and towards optimizing battery efficiency using genetic program improvements. Read More

Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) have become the state-of-the-art in various computer vision tasks, but they are still premature for most sensor data, especially in pervasive and wearable computing. A major reason for this is the limited amount of annotated training data. In this paper, we propose the idea of leveraging the discriminative power of pre-trained deep CNNs on 2-dimensional sensor data by transforming the sensor modality to the visual domain. Read More

SnTe is a prototypical topological crystalline insulator, in which the gapless surface state is protected by a crystal symmetry. The hallmark of the topological properties in SnTe is the Dirac cones projected to the surfaces with mirror symmetry, stemming from the band inversion near the L points of its bulk Brillouin zone, which can be measured by angle-resolved photoemission. We have obtained the (111) surface of SnTe film by molecular beam epitaxy on BaF2(111) substrate. Read More

The existence of the $0_3^+$ and $0_4^+$ states around 10 MeV excitation energy in ${^{12}{\rm C}}$ is confirmed by a fully microscopic 3$\alpha$ cluster model. Firstly, a GCM (generator coordinate method) calculation is performed by superposing optimized 2$\alpha$+$\alpha$ THSR (Tohsaki-Horiuchi-Schuck-R\"{o}pke) wave functions with the radius-constraint method. The obtained two excited $0^+$ states above the Hoyle state are consistent with the recently observed states by experiment. Read More

High quality WSe2 films have been grown on bilayer graphene (BLG) with layer-by-layer control of thickness using molecular beam epitaxy (MBE). The combination of angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES), scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (STM/STS), and optical absorption measurements reveal the atomic and electronic structures evolution and optical response of WSe2/BLG. We observe that a bilayer of WSe2 is a direct bandgap semiconductor, when integrated in a BLG-based heterostructure, thus shifting the direct-indirect band gap crossover to trilayer WSe2. Read More

Caching in wireless device-to-device (D2D) networks can be utilized to offload data traffic during peak times. However, the design of incentive mechanisms is challenging due to the heterogeneous preference and selfish nature of user terminals (UTs). In this paper, we propose an incentive mechanism in which the base station (BS) rewards those UTs that share contents with others using D2D communication. Read More

We study the effect of three types of graft transformations to increase or decrease the distance spectral radius of uniform hypergraphs, and we determined the unique $k$-uniform hypertrees with maximum, second maximum, minimum and second minimum distance spectral radius, respectively. Read More

We give sharp upper bounds for the ordinary spectral radius and signless Laplacian spectral radius of a uniform hypergraph in terms of the average $2$-degrees or degrees of vertices, respectively, and we also give a lower bound for the ordinary spectral radius. We also compare these bounds with known ones. Read More

We extend the new concept of nonlocalized clustering to the nucleus 10Be with proton number Z=4 and neutron number N=6 (N=Z+2). The Tohsaki-Horiuchi-Schuck-R\"opke (THSR) wave function is formulated for the description of different structures of 10Be. Physical properties such as energy spectrum and root-mean-square radii are calculated for the first two 0+ states and corresponding rotational bands. Read More

A microscopic calculation of $\alpha$-cluster preformation probability and $\alpha$ decay width in the typical $\alpha$ emitter $^{212}$Po is presented. Results are obtained by improving a recent approach to describe $\alpha$ preformation in $^{212}$Po [Phys. Rev. Read More

Caching at small base stations (SBSs) has demonstrated significant benefits in alleviating the backhaul requirement in heterogeneous cellular networks (HetNets). While many existing works focus on what contents to cache at each SBS, an equally important problem is what contents to deliver so as to satisfy dynamic user demands given the cache status. In this paper, we study optimal content delivery in cache-enabled HetNets by taking into account the inherent multicast capability of wireless medium. Read More

Three-dimensional (3D) topological Weyl semimetals (TWSs) represent a novel state of quantum matter with unusual electronic structures that resemble both a "3D graphene" and a topological insulator by possessing pairs of Weyl points (through which the electronic bands disperse linearly along all three momentum directions) connected by topological surface states, forming the unique "Fermi-arc" type Fermi-surface (FS). Each Weyl point is chiral and contains half of the degrees of freedom of a Dirac point, and can be viewed as a magnetic monopole in the momentum space. Here, by performing angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy on non-centrosymmetric compound TaAs, we observed its complete band structures including the unique "Fermi-arc" FS and linear bulk band dispersion across the Weyl points, in excellent agreement with the theoretical calculations. Read More

Caching and multicasting at base stations are two promising approaches to support massive content delivery over wireless networks. However, existing scheduling designs do not make full use of the advantages of the two approaches. In this paper, we consider the optimal dynamic multicast scheduling to jointly minimize the average delay, power, and fetching costs for cache-enabled content-centric wireless networks. Read More

In this paper, we study the existence of random periodic solutions for semilinear stochastic differential equations. We identify these as the solutions of coupled forward-backward infinite horizon stochastic integral equations in general cases. We then use the argument of the relative compactness of Wiener-Sobolev spaces in $C^0([0, T], L^2(\Omega))$ and generalized Schauder's fixed point theorem to prove the existence of a solution of the coupled stochastic forward-backward infinite horizon integral equations. Read More

The nonlocalized aspect of clustering, which is a new concept for self-conjugate nuclei, is extended for the investigation of the N{\not=}Z nucleus ${}^9$Be. A modified version of the THSR (Tohsaki-Horiuchi-Schuck-R\"opke) wave function is introduced based on the container picture. It is found that the constructed negative-parity THSR wave function is very suitable for describing the cluster states of ${}^9$Be. Read More

Optimal queueing control of multi-hop networks remains a challenging problem even in the simplest scenarios. In this paper, we consider a two-hop half-duplex relaying system with random channel connectivity. The relay is equipped with a finite buffer. Read More

It is shown that the single $0^+$ THSR (Tohsaki-Horiuchi-Schuck-R\"{o}pke) wave function which is extended to include 2$\alpha$ correlation is almost completely equivalent to the 3$\alpha$ wave function obtained as the full solution of 3$\alpha$ cluster model. Their squared overlap is as high as 98\% while it is 93\% if the 2$\alpha$ correlation is not included. This result implies that, by incorporating the 2$\alpha$ correlation in the 3$\alpha$ model, the ground state of $^{12}$C is describable in the container picture which is valid for the Hoyle state for which the 2$\alpha$ correlation is weak and a single $0^+$ THSR wave function without 2$\alpha$ correlation is almost completely equivalent to the full solution of 3$\alpha$ cluster model. Read More

An effective $\alpha$ particle equation is derived for cases where an $\alpha$ particle is formed on top of a doubly magic nucleus. As an example, we consider $^{212}$Po with the $\alpha$ on top of the $^{208}$ Pb core. We will consider the core nucleus infinitely heavy, so that the $\alpha$ particle moves with respect to a fixed center, i. Read More

We characterize all connected graphs with second distance eigenvalue less than $-0.5858$. Read More

Quantum systems in confined geometries are host to novel physical phenomena. Examples include quantum Hall systems in semiconductors and Dirac electrons in graphene. Interest in such systems has also been intensified by the recent discovery of a large enhancement in photoluminescence quantum efficiency and a potential route to valleytronics in atomically thin layers of transition metal dichalcogenides, MX2 (M = Mo, W; X = S, Se, Te), which are closely related to the indirect to direct bandgap transition in monolayers. Read More

A container picture is proposed for understanding cluster dynamics where the clusters make nonlocalized motion occupying the lowest orbit of the cluster mean-field potential characterized by the size parameter $``B"$ in the THSR (Tohsaki-Horiuchi-Schuck-R\"{o}pke) wave function. The nonlocalized cluster aspects of the inversion-doublet bands in $^{20}$Ne which have been considered as a typical manifestation of localized clustering are discussed. So far unexplained puzzling features of the THSR wave function, namely that after angular-momentum projection for two cluster systems the prolate THSR wave function is almost 100$\%$ equivalent to an oblate THSR wave function is clarified. Read More

In this paper, we determine the maximal Laplacian and signless Laplacian spectral radii for graphs with fixed number of vertices and domination number, and characterize the extremal graphs respectively. Read More

We give some properties of skew spectrum of a graph, especially, we answer negatively a problem concerning the skew characteristic polynomial and matching polynomial in [M. Cavers et al., Skew-adjacency matrices of graphs, Linear Algebra Appl. Read More

We give upper and lower bounds for the spectral radius of a nonnegative matrix by using its average 2-row sums, and characterize the equality cases if the matrix is irreducible. We also apply these bounds to various nonnegative matrices associated with a graph, including the adjacency matrix, the signless Laplacian matrix, the distance matrix, the distance signless Laplacian matrix, and the reciprocal distance matrix. Read More

We propose a new Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method for constrained target distributions. Our method first maps the $D$-dimensional constrained domain of parameters to the unit ball ${\bf B}_0^D(1)$. Then, it augments the resulting parameter space to the $D$-dimensional sphere, ${\bf S}^D$. Read More

Strong spin-orbit coupling in topological insulators results in the ubiquitously observed weak antilocalization feature in their magnetoresistance. Here we present magnetoresistance measurements in ultra thin films of the topological insulator Bi_2Se_3, and show that in the 2D quantum limit, in which the topological insulator bulk becomes quantized, an additional negative magnetoresistance feature appears. Detailed analysis associates this feature with weak localization of the quantized bulk channels, providing thus evidence for this quantization. Read More

We propose a scalable semiparametric Bayesian model to capture dependencies among multiple neurons by detecting their co-firing (possibly with some lag time) patterns over time. After discretizing time so there is at most one spike at each interval, the resulting sequence of 1's (spike) and 0's (silence) for each neuron is modeled using the logistic function of a continuous latent variable with a Gaussian process prior. For multiple neurons, the corresponding marginal distributions are coupled to their joint probability distribution using a parametric copula model. Read More

We determine the digraphs which achieve the second, the third and the fourth minimum spectral radii respectively among strongly connected digraphs of order $n\ge 4$, and thus we answer affirmatively the problem whether the unique digraph which achieves the minimum spectral radius among all strongly connected bicyclic digraphs of order $n$ achieves the second minimum spectral radius among all strongly connected digraphs of order $n$ for $n\ge 4$ proposed in [H. Lin, J. Shu, A note on the spectral characterization of strongly connected bicyclic digraphs, Linear Algebra Appl. Read More

The Kirchhoff index of a connected graph is the sum of resistance distances between all unordered pairs of vertices in the graph. It found considerable applications in a variety of fields. In this paper, we determine the minimum Kirchhoff index among the unicyclic graphs with fixed number of vertices and matching number, and characterize the extremal graphs. Read More

We investigate the $\alpha$+\oo\ cluster structure in the inversion-doublet band ($K^\pi=0_{1}^\pm$) states of \nene\ with an angular-momentum-projected version of the Tohsaki-Horiuchi-Schuck-R\"{o}pke (THSR) wave function, which was successful "in its original form" for the description of, e.g., the famous Hoyle state. Read More

We obtain the maximum sum-connectivity indices of graphs in the set of trees and in the set of unicyclic graphs respectively with given number of vertices and maximum degree, and determine the corresponding extremal graphs. Additionally, we deduce the n-vertex unicyclic graphs with the first two maximum sum-connectivity indices for $n\ge 4$. Read More

In this paper, we focus on analyzing the period distribution of the inversive pseudorandom number generators (IPRNGs) over finite field $({\rm Z}_{N},+,\times)$, where $N>3$ is a prime. The sequences generated by the IPRNGs are transformed to 2-dimensional linear feedback shift register (LFSR) sequences. By employing the generating function method and the finite field theory, the period distribution is obtained analytically. Read More

The minimum skew rank $mr^{-}(\mathbb{F},G)$ of a graph $G$ over a field $\mathbb{F}$ is the smallest possible rank among all skew symmetric matrices over $\mathbb{F}$, whose ($i$,$j$)-entry (for $i\neq j$) is nonzero whenever $ij$ is an edge in $G$ and is zero otherwise. We give some new properties of the minimum skew rank of a graph, including a characterization of the graphs $G$ with cut vertices over the infinite field $\mathbb{F}$ such that $mr^{-}(\mathbb{F},G)=4$, determination of the minimum skew rank of $k$-paths over a field $\mathbb{F}$, and an extending of an existing result to show that $mr^{-}(\mathbb{F},G)=2match(G)=MR^{-}(\mathbb{F},G)$ for a connected graph $G$ with no even cycles and a field $\mathbb{F}$, where $match(G)$ is the matching number of $G$, and $MR^{-}(\mathbb{F},G)$ is the largest possible rank among all skew symmetric matrices over $\mathbb{F}$. Read More

The reverse degree distance is a connected graph invariant closely related to the degree distance proposed in mathematical chemistry. We determine the unicyclic graphs of given girth, number of pendant vertices and maximum degree, respectively, with maximum reverse degree distances. Read More

Let $G$ be a simple graph with $n$ vertices and let $\mu_1 \geqslant \mu_2 \geqslant... Read More

Let $G$ be a simple graph and $\alpha$ a real number. The quantity $s_{\alpha}(G)$ defined as the sum of the $\alpha$-th power of the non-zero Laplacian eigenvalues of $G$ generalizes several concepts in the literature. The Laplacian Estrada index is a newly introduced graph invariant based on Laplacian eigenvalues. Read More

For a connected graph, the distance spectral radius is the largest eigenvalue of its distance matrix, and the distance energy is defined as the sum of the absolute values of the eigenvalues of its distance matrix. We establish lower and upper bounds for the distance spectral radius of graphs and bipartite graphs, lower bounds for the distance energy of graphs, and characterize the extremal graphs. We also discuss upper bounds for the distance energy. Read More

The reverse Wiener index of a connected graph $G$ is a variation of the well-known Wiener index $W(G)$ defined as the sum of distances between all unordered pairs of vertices of $G$. It is defined as $\Lambda(G)=\frac{1}{2}n(n-1)d-W(G)$, where $n$ is the number of vertices, and $d$ is the diameter of $G$. We now determine the second and the third smallest reverse Wiener indices of $n$-vertex trees and characterize the trees whose reverse Wiener indices attain these values for $n\ge 6$ (it has been known that the star is the unique tree with the smallest reverse Wiener index). Read More

BaNi$_2$As$_2$, with a first order phase transition around 131 K, is studied by the angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy. The measured electronic structure is compared to the local density approximation calculations, revealing similar large electronlike bands around $\bar{M}$ and differences along $\bar{\Gamma}$-$\bar{X}$. We further show that the electronic structure of BaNi$_2$As$_2$ is distinct from that of the sibling iron pnictides. Read More

The eccentric connectivity index, proposed by Sharma, Goswami and Madan, has been employed successfully for the development of numerous mathematical models for the prediction of biological activities of diverse nature. We now report mathematical properties of the eccentric connectivity index. We establish various lower and upper bounds for the eccentric connectivity index in terms of other graph invariants including the number of vertices, the number of edges, the degree distance and the first Zagreb index. Read More

This paper consists of three parts. The first part presents a large class of new binary quasi-cyclic (QC)-LDPC codes with girth of at least 6 whose parity-check matrices are constructed based on cyclic subgroups of finite fields. Experimental results show that the codes constructed perform well over the binary-input AWGN channel with iterative decoding using the sum-product algorithm (SPA). Read More

We report the high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy studies of electronic structure of EuFe2As2. The paramagnetic state data are found to be consistent with density-functional calculations. In the antiferromagnetic ordering state of Fe, our results show that the band splitting, folding, and hybridization evolve with temperature, which cannot be explained by a simple folding picture. Read More

We determine the minimum sum--connectivity index of bicyclic graphs with $n$ vertices and matching number $m$, where $2\le m\le \lfloor\frac{n}{2}\rfloor$, the minimum and the second minimum, as well as the maximum and the second maximum sum--connectivity indices of bicyclic graphs with $n\ge 5$ vertices. The extremal graphs are characterized. Read More

We introduce a new method for simulating photoemission spectra from bulk crystals in the ultra-violet energy range, within a three-step model. Our method explicitly accounts for transmission and matrix-element effects, as calculated from state-of-the-art plane-wave pseudopotential techniques within density-functional theory. Transmission effects, in particular, are included by extending to the present problem a technique previously employed with success to deal with ballistic conductance in metal nanowires. Read More

We show that the observational data of extragalactic radio sources tend to support the theoretical relationship between the jet precession period and the optical luminosity of the sources, as predicted by the model in which an accretion disk causes the central black hole to precess. Read More