Bo Zhao - University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA

Bo Zhao
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Name
Bo Zhao
Affiliation
University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA
City
Charlottesville
Country
United States

Pubs By Year

Pub Categories

 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (13)
 
Quantum Physics (11)
 
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (8)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (5)
 
Physics - Atomic Physics (5)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (5)
 
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (4)
 
Physics - Optics (4)
 
Physics - Materials Science (3)
 
Computer Science - Databases (2)
 
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (2)
 
Quantitative Biology - Molecular Networks (1)
 
Nuclear Experiment (1)
 
Computer Science - Learning (1)
 
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
 
Physics - Disordered Systems and Neural Networks (1)
 
Computer Science - Multimedia (1)
 
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)

Publications Authored By Bo Zhao

We investigate ground state properties of spin-1 bosonic system trapped in optical lattice with extended standard basis operator (SBO) method. For both ferromagnetic ($U_2<0$) and antiferromagnetic ($U_2>0$) systems, we analytically figure out the symmetry properties in Mott-insulator and superfluid phases, which would provide a deeper insight into the MI-SF phase transition process. Then by applying self-consistent approach to the method, we include the effect of quantum and thermal fluctuations and derive the MI-SF transition phase diagram, which is in quantitative agreement with recent Monte-Carlo simulation at zero temperature, and at finite temperature, we find the underestimation of finite-temperature-effect in the mean-field approximation method. Read More

We study the radiative heat transfer between multilayer structures made by a periodic repetition of a graphene sheet and a hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) slab. Surface plasmons in a monolayer graphene can couple with a hyperbolic phonon polaritons in a single hBN film to form hybrid polaritons that can assist photon tunneling. For periodic multilayer graphene/hBN structures, the stacked metallic/dielectric array can give rise to a further effective hyperbolic behavior, in addition to the intrinsic natural hyperbolic behavior of hBN. Read More

This paper addresses a challenging problem -- how to generate multi-view cloth images from only a single view input. To generate realistic-looking images with different views from the input, we propose a new image generation model termed VariGANs that combines the strengths of the variational inference and the Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs). Our proposed VariGANs model generates the target image in a coarse-to-fine manner instead of a single pass which suffers from severe artifacts. Read More

Planet searches using the radial velocity technique show a paucity of companions to solar-type stars within ~5 AU in the mass range of ~10 - 80 M$_{\text{Jup}}$. This deficit, known as the brown dwarf desert, currently has no conclusive explanation. New substellar companions in this region help asses the reality of the desert and provide insight to the formation and evolution of these objects. Read More

This paper presents a method of zero-shot learning (ZSL) which poses ZSL as the missing data problem, rather than the missing label problem. Specifically, most existing ZSL methods focus on learning mapping functions from the image feature space to the label embedding space. Whereas, the proposed method explores a simple yet effective transductive framework in the reverse way \--- our method estimates data distribution of unseen classes in the image feature space by transferring knowledge from the label embedding space. Read More

Ultracold molecules offer remarkable opportunities to study chemical reactions at nearly zero temperature. Although significant progresses have been achieved in exploring ultracold bimolecular reactions, the investigations are usually limited to measurements of the overall loss rates of the reactants. Detection of the reaction products will shed new light on understanding the reaction mechanism and provide a unique opportunity to study the state-to-state reaction dynamics. Read More

We demonstrate an optical far-field super-resolution microscopy using array of nitrogen vacancy centers in bulk diamond as near-field optical probes. The local optical field, which transmits through the nanostructures on the diamond surface, is measured by detecting the charge state conversion of nitrogen vacancy center. And the locating of nitrogen vacancy center with spatial resolution of 6. Read More

We report the detections of a giant planet (MARVELS-7b) and a brown dwarf candidate (MARVELS-7c) around the primary star in the close binary system, HD 87646. It is the first close binary system with more than one substellar circum-primary companion discovered to the best of our knowledge. The detection of this giant planet was accomplished using the first multi-object Doppler instrument (KeckET) at the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) telescope. Read More

Fine-grained object classification is a challenging task due to the subtle inter-class difference and large intra-class variation. Recently, visual attention models have been applied to automatically localize the discriminative regions of an image for better capturing critical difference and demonstrated promising performance. However, without consideration of the diversity in attention process, most of existing attention models perform poorly in classifying fine-grained objects. Read More

We present a simplified strong-randomness renormalization group (RG) that captures some aspects of the many-body localization (MBL) phase transition in generic disordered one-dimensional systems. This RG can be formulated analytically, and the critical fixed point distribution and critical exponents (that satisfy the Chayes inequality) are obtained to numerical precision by solving integro-differential equations. This reproduces many, but not all, of the qualitative features of the MBL phase transition that are suggested by previous numerical work and approximate RG studies: our RG might serve as a "zeroth-order" approximation for future RG studies. Read More

Here we demonstrate the Shubnikov de Haas oscillation in high-quality Cd3As2 nanowires grown by a chemical vapor deposition approach. The dominant transport of topological Dirac fermions is evident by the nontrivial Berry phase in the Landau Fan diagram. The quantum oscillations rise at a small field of 2 Tesla and preserves till up to 100K, revealing a sizeable Landau level gap and a mobility of over 2000 cm2/V-1s-1. Read More

It has been shown that a realistic level of magnetization of dense molecular cloud cores can suppress the formation of a rotationally supported disk (RSD) through catastrophic magnetic braking in the axisymmetric ideal MHD limit. In this study, we present conditions for the formation of RSDs through non-ideal MHD effects computed self-consistently from an equilibrium chemical network. We find that removing from the standard MRN distribution the large population of very small grains (VSGs) of ~10 $\AA$ to few 100 $\AA$ that dominate the coupling of the bulk neutral matter to the magnetic field increases the ambipolar diffusivity by ~1--2 orders of magnitude at densities below 10$^{10}$ cm$^{-3}$. Read More

Recently, it has been theoretically predicted that Cd3As2 is a three dimensional Dirac material, a new topological phase discovered after topological insulators, which exhibits a linear energy dispersion in the bulk with massless Dirac fermions. Here, we report on the low-temperature magnetoresistance measurements on a ~50nm-thick Cd3As2 film. The weak antilocalization under perpendicular magnetic field is discussed based on the two-dimensional Hikami-Larkin-Nagaoka (HLN) theory. Read More

This paper presents our recent efforts, zenLDA, an efficient and scalable Collapsed Gibbs Sampling system for Latent Dirichlet Allocation training, which is thought to be challenging that both data parallelism and model parallelism are required because of the Big sampling data with up to billions of documents and Big model size with up to trillions of parameters. zenLDA combines both algorithm level improvements and system level optimizations. It first presents a novel CGS algorithm that balances the time complexity, model accuracy and parallelization flexibility. Read More

Existing planet-finding spectrometers are limited by systematic errors that result from their seeing-limited design. Of particular concern is the use of multi-mode fibers (MMFs), which introduce modal noise and accept significant amounts of background radiation from the sky. We present the design of a single-mode fiber-based acquisition camera for a diffraction-limited spectrometer named "iLocater. Read More

Thanks to information explosion, data for the objects of interest can be collected from increasingly more sources. However, for the same object, there usually exist conflicts among the collected multi-source information. To tackle this challenge, truth discovery, which integrates multi-source noisy information by estimating the reliability of each source, has emerged as a hot topic. Read More

A lateral heterojunction of topological insulator Sb2Te3/Bi2Te3 was successfully synthesized using a two-step solvothermal method. The two crystalline components were separated well by a sharp lattice-matched interface when the optimized procedure was used. Inspecting the heterojunction using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy showed that epitaxial growth occurred along the horizontal plane. Read More

We report the first experimental realization of single-qubit manipulation for single spinwaves stored in an atomic ensemble quantum memory. In order to have high-fidelity gate operations, we make use of stimulated Raman transition and controlled Lamor precession jointly. We characterize the gate performances with quantum state tomography and quantum process tomography, both of which imply that high-fidelity operations have been achieved. Read More

Diffraction of light sets the fundamental limit for optical lithography. Many quantum lithography schemes have so far been proposed to overcome this limit either by making use of highly entangled photons, multi-photon processes or multiple Lambda transitions, which are all experimentally high-demanding. Recently, Liao et al. Read More

Spin echo is a powerful technique to extend atomic or nuclear coherence time by overcoming the dephasing due to inhomogeneous broadening. However, applying this technique to an ensemble-based quantum memory at single-quanta level remains challenging. In our experimental study we find that noise due to imperfection of the rephasing pulses is highly directional. Read More

Spatial Pyramid Matching (SPM) and its variants have achieved a lot of success in image classification. The main difference among them is their encoding schemes. For example, ScSPM incorporates Sparse Code (SC) instead of Vector Quantization (VQ) into the framework of SPM. Read More

The formation of rotationally supported protostellar disks is suppressed in ideal MHD in non-turbulent cores with aligned magnetic field and rotation axis. A promising way to resolve this so-called "magnetic braking catastrophe" is through turbulence. The reason for the turbulence-enabled disk formation is usually attributed to the turbulence-induced magnetic reconnection, which is thought to reduce the magnetic flux accumulated in the disk-forming region. Read More

Yeast cells produce daughter cells through a DNA replication and mitosis cycle associated with checkpoints and governed by the cell cycle regulatory network. To ensure genome stability and genetic information inheritance, this regulatory network must be dynamically robust against various fluctuations. Here we construct a simplified cell cycle model for a budding yeast to investigate the underlying mechanism that ensures robustness in this process containing sequential tasks (DNA replication and mitosis). Read More

We explore a transverse-field Ising model that exhibits both spontaneous symmetry-breaking and eigenstate thermalization. Within its ferromagnetic phase, the exact eigenstates of the Hamiltonian of any large but finite-sized system are all Schr\"odinger cat states: superpositions of states with `up' and `down' spontaneous magnetization. This model exhibits two dynamical phase transitions {\it within} its ferromagnetic phase: In the lowest-temperature phase the magnetization can macroscopically oscillate between up and down. Read More

2013Aug
Affiliations: 1University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, 2University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, 3JILA and CU/NIST, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO

The majority of solar-type stars reside in multiple systems, especially binaries. They form in dense cores of molecular clouds that are observed to be significantly magnetized. Our previous study shows that magnetic braking can tighten the binary separation during the protostellar mass accretion phase by removing the angular momentum of the accreting material. Read More

Metallic Bi2Te3 crystalline sheets with the room-temperature resistivity of above 10 m{\Omega} cm were prepared and their magnetoresistive transport was measured in a field of up to 9 Tesla. The Shubnikov de Haas oscillations were identified from the secondly-derived magnetoresistance curves. While changing the angle between the field and normal axis of the sheets, we find that the oscillation periods present a cosine dependence on the angle. Read More

Due to degeneracies arising from crystal symmetries, it is possible for electron states at band edges ("valleys") to have additional spin-like quantum numbers. An important question is whether coherent manipulation can be performed on such valley pseudospins, analogous to that routinely implemented using true spin, in the quest for quantum technologies. Here we show for the first time that SU(2) valley coherence can indeed be generated and detected. Read More

2012Oct
Authors: Bo Zhao1, Zhi-Yun Li2
Affiliations: 1University of Virginia, 2University of Virginia

The majority of stars reside in multiple systems, especially binaries. The formation and early evolution of binaries is a longstanding problem in star formation that is not fully understood. In particular, how the magnetic field observed in star-forming cores shapes the binary characteristics remains relatively unexplored. Read More

Quantum memories are regarded as one of the fundamental building blocks of linear-optical quantum computation and long-distance quantum communication. A long standing goal to realize scalable quantum information processing is to build a long-lived and efficient quantum memory. There have been significant efforts distributed towards this goal. Read More

We report the discovery via radial velocity of a short-period (P = 2.430420 \pm 0.000006 days) companion to the F-type main sequence star TYC 2930-00872-1. Read More

2012May
Affiliations: 1Academia Sinica, Taipei, 2University of Virginia, Charlottesville, 3Academia Sinica, Taipei, 4University of Virginia, Charlottesville

Magnetic flux redistribution lies at the heart of the problem of star formation in dense cores of molecular clouds that are magnetized to a realistic level. If all of the magnetic flux of a typical core were to be dragged into the central star, the stellar field strength would be orders of magnitude higher than the observed values. This well-known "magnetic flux problem" can in principle be resolved through non-ideal MHD effects. Read More

Coherent and reversible storage of multi-photon entanglement with a multimode quantum memory is essential for scalable all-optical quantum information processing. Although single photon has been successfully stored in different quantum systems, storage of multi-photon entanglement remains challenging because of the critical requirement for coherent control of photonic entanglement source, multimode quantum memory, and quantum interface between them. Here we demonstrate a coherent and reversible storage of biphoton Bell-type entanglement with a holographic multimode atomic-ensemble-based quantum memory. Read More

In practical data integration systems, it is common for the data sources being integrated to provide conflicting information about the same entity. Consequently, a major challenge for data integration is to derive the most complete and accurate integrated records from diverse and sometimes conflicting sources. We term this challenge the truth finding problem. Read More

We present an experimental study of the collective dipole oscillation of a spin-orbit coupled Bose-Einstein condensate in a harmonic trap. Dynamics of the center-of-mass dipole oscillation is studied in a broad parameter region, as a function of spin-orbit coupling parameters as well as oscillation amplitude. Anharmonic properties beyond effective-mass approximation are revealed, such as amplitude-dependent frequency and finite oscillation frequency at place with divergent effective mass. Read More

2012Jan
Authors: Kijun Park, Ralf Gothe, Krishna Adhikari, Dasuni Adikaram-Mudiyanselage, Marco Anghinolfi, Hovhannes Baghdasaryan, Jacques Ball, Marco Battaglieri, Vitaly Baturin, Ivan Bedlinskiy, Robert Bennett, Angela Biselli, Craig Bookwalter, Sergey Boyarinov, Derek Branford, William Briscoe, William Brooks, Volker Burkert, Daniel Carman, Andrea Celentano, Shloka Chandavar, Gabriel Charles, Philip Cole, Marco Contalbrigo, Volker Crede, Annalisa D'Angelo, Aji Daniel, Natalya Dashyan, Raffaella De Vita, Enzo De Sanctis, Alexandre Deur, Chaden Djalali, David Doughty, Raphael Dupre, Ahmed El Alaoui, Lamiaa Elfassi, Paul Eugenio, Gleb Fedotov, Ahmed Fradi, Marianna Gabrielyan, Nerses Gevorgyan, Gerard Gilfoyle, Kevin Giovanetti, Francois-Xavier Girod, John Goetz, Wesley Gohn, Evgeny Golovach, Lewis Graham, Keith Griffioen, Michel Guidal, Lei Guo, Kawtar Hafidi, Hayk Hakobyan, Charles Hanretty, David Heddle, Kenneth Hicks, Maurik Holtrop, Yordanka Ilieva, David Ireland, Boris Ishkhanov, Evgeny Isupov, David Jenkins, Hyon-Suk Jo, Kyungseon Joo, Mahbubul Khandaker, Puneet Khetarpal, Andrey Kim, Wooyoung Kim, Andreas Klein, Franz Klein, A. Kubarovsky, Valery Kubarovsky, Sebastian Kuhn, Sergey Kuleshov, Nicholas Kvaltine, Kenneth Livingston, Haiyun Lu, Ian MacGregor, Nikolai Markov, Michael Mayer, Bryan McKinnon, Mac Mestayer, Curtis Meyer, Taisiya Mineeva, Marco Mirazita, Viktor Mokeev, Herve Moutarde, Edwin Munevar Espitia, Pawel Nadel-Turonski, Rakhsha Nasseripour, Silvia Niccolai, Gabriel Niculescu, Maria-Ioana Niculescu, Mikhail Osipenko, Alexander Ostrovidov, Michael Paolone, Luciano Pappalardo, Rafayel Paremuzyan, Seungkyung Park, Sergio Pereira, Evan Phelps, Silvia Pisano, Oleg Pogorelko, Sergey Pozdnyakov, John Price, Sebastien Procureur, Yelena Prok, Giovanni Ricco, Dipak Rimal, Marco Ripani, Barry Ritchie, Guenther Rosner, Patrizia Rossi, Franck Sabatie, Mukesh Saini, Carlos Salgado, Diane Schott, Reinhard Schumacher, Heghine Seraydaryan, Youri Sharabian, Elton Smith, Gregory Smith, Daniel Sober, Daria Sokhan, Samuel Stepanyan, Stepan Stepanyan, Paul Stoler, Igor Strakovski, Steffen Strauch, Mauro Taiuti, Wei Tang, Charles Taylor, Ye Tian, Svyatoslav Tkachenko, Arjun Trivedi, Maurizio Ungaro, Brian Vernarsky, Alexander Vlasov, Eric Voutier, Daniel Watts, Dennis Weygand, Michael Wood, Nicholas Zachariou, Bo Zhao, Zhiwen Zhao, N. Kalantarians, C. E. Hyde

We report the first extraction of the pion-nucleon multipoles near the production threshold for the $n\pi^+$ channel at relatively high momentum transfer ($Q^2$ up to 4.2 $\rm{GeV^2}$). The dominance of the s-wave transverse multipole ($E_{0+}$), expected in this region, allowed us to access the generalized form factor $G_1$ within the light-cone sum rule (LCSR) framework as well as the axial form factor $G_A$. Read More

We discuss laser dressed dipolar and Van der Waals interactions between atoms and polar molecules, so that a cold atomic gas with laser admixed Rydberg levels acts as a designed reservoir for both elastic and inelastic collisional processes. The elastic scattering channel is characterized by large elastic scattering cross sections and repulsive shields to protect from close encounter collisions. In addition, we discuss a dissipative (inelastic) collision where a spontaneously emitted photon carries away (kinetic) energy of the collision partners, thus providing a significant energy loss in a single collision. Read More

2011May
Affiliations: 1University of Virginia, 2University of Virginia, 3NAOJ, 4Academia Sinica, 5Academia Sinica

Stars form in dense cores of magnetized molecular clouds. If the magnetic flux threading the cores is dragged into the stars, the stellar field would be orders of magnitude stronger than observed. This well-known "magnetic flux problem" demands that most of the core magnetic flux be decoupled from the matter that enters the star. Read More

Exoplanet transit and Doppler surveys discover many binary stars during their operation that can be used to conduct a variety of ancillary science. Specifically, eclipsing binary stars can be used to study the stellar mass-radius relationship and to test predictions of theoretical stellar evolution models. By cross-referencing 24 binary stars found in the MARVELS Pilot Project with SuperWASP photometry, we find two new eclipsing binaries, TYC 0272-00458-1 and TYC 1422-01328-1, which we use as case studies to develop a general approach to eclipsing binaries in survey data. Read More

We present a new method to calculate fundamental Doppler measurement limits with a dispersed fixed-delay interferometer (DFDI) in the near infrared wavelength region for searching for exoplanets around M dwarfs in the coming decade. It is based on calculating the Q factor, a measure of flux-normalized Doppler sensitivity in the fringing spectra created with DFDI. We calculate the Q factor as a function of spectral resolution R, stellar projected rotational velocity V sini, stellar effective temperature T_eff and optical path difference (OPD) of the interferometer. Read More

The spin-wave (SW) NOON state is an $N$-particle Fock state with two atomic spin-wave modes maximally entangled. Attributed to the property that the phase is sensitive to collective atomic motion, the SW NOON state can be utilized as a novel atomic interferometer and has promising application in quantum enhanced measurement. In this paper we propose an efficient protocol to deterministically produce the atomic SW NOON state by employing Rydberg blockade. Read More

2011Jan
Authors: Daniel J. Eisenstein, David H. Weinberg, Eric Agol, Hiroaki Aihara, Carlos Allende Prieto, Scott F. Anderson, James A. Arns, Eric Aubourg, Stephen Bailey, Eduardo Balbinot, Robert Barkhouser, Timothy C. Beers, Andreas A. Berlind, Steven J. Bickerton, Dmitry Bizyaev, Michael R. Blanton, John J. Bochanski, Adam S. Bolton, Casey T. Bosman, Jo Bovy, Howard J. Brewington, W. N. Brandt, Ben Breslauer, J. Brinkmann, Peter J. Brown, Joel R. Brownstein, Dan Burger, Nicolas G. Busca, Heather Campbell, Phillip A. Cargile, William C. Carithers, Joleen K. Carlberg, Michael A. Carr, Yanmei Chen, Cristina Chiappini, Johan Comparat, Natalia Connolly, Marina Cortes, Rupert A. C. Croft, Luiz N. da Costa, Katia Cunha, James R. A. Davenport, Kyle Dawson, Nathan De Lee, Gustavo F. Porto de Mello, Fernando de Simoni, Janice Dean, Saurav Dhital, Anne Ealet, Garrett L. Ebelke, Edward M. Edmondson, Jacob M. Eiting, Stephanie Escoffier, Massimiliano Esposito, Michael L. Evans, Xiaohui Fan, Bruno Femenia Castella, Leticia Dutra Ferreira, Greg Fitzgerald, Scott W. Fleming, Andreu Font-Ribera, Eric B. Ford, Peter M. Frinchaboy, Ana Elia Garcia Perez, B. Scott Gaudi, Jian Ge, Luan Ghezzi, Bruce A. Gillespie, G. Gilmore, Leo Girardi, J. Richard Gott, Andrew Gould, Eva K. Grebel, James E. Gunn, Jean-Christophe Hamilton, Paul Harding, David W. Harris, Suzanne L. Hawley, Frederick R. Hearty, Jonay I. Gonzalez Hernandez, Shirley Ho, David W. Hogg, Jon A. Holtzman, Klaus Honscheid, Naohisa Inada, Inese I. Ivans, Linhua Jiang, Peng Jiang, Jennifer A. Johnson, Cathy Jordan, Wendell P. Jordan, Guinevere Kauffmann, Eyal Kazin, David Kirkby, Mark A. Klaene, Jean-Paul Kneib, G. R. Knapp, C. S. Kochanek, Lars Koesterke, Juna A. Kollmeier, Richard G. Kron, Dustin Lang, James E. Lawler, Jean-Marc Le Goff, Brian L. Lee, Young Sun Lee, Jarron M. Leisenring, Yen-Ting Lin, Jian Liu, Daniel C. Long, Craig P. Loomis, Sara Lucatello, Britt Lundgren, Robert H. Lupton, Bo Ma, Zhibo Ma, Nicholas MacDonald, Claude Mack, Suvrath Mahadevan, Marcio A. G. Maia, Elena Malanushenko, Viktor Malanushenko, Steven R. Majewski, Martin Makler, Rachel Mandelbaum, Claudia Maraston, Daniel Margala, Paul Maseman, Karen L. Masters, Cameron K. McBride, Patrick McDonald, Ian D. McGreer, Richard G. McMahon, Olga Mena Requejo, Brice Menard, Jordi Miralda-Escude, Heather L. Morrison, Fergal Mullally, Demitri Muna, Hitoshi Murayama, Adam D. Myers, Tracy Naugle, Angelo Fausti Neto, Duy Cuong Nguyen, Robert C. Nichol, David L. Nidever, Robert W. O'Connell, Ricardo L. C. Ogando, Matthew D. Olmstead, Daniel J. Oravetz, Nikhil Padmanabhan, Martin Paegert, Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille, Kaike Pan, Parul Pandey, John K. Parejko, Isabelle Paris, Paulo Pellegrini, Joshua Pepper, Will J. Percival, Patrick Petitjean, Robert Pfaffenberger, Janine Pforr, Stefanie Phleps, Christophe Pichon, Matthew M. Pieri, Francisco Prada, Adrian M. Price-Whelan, M. Jordan Raddick, Beatriz H. F. Ramos, Celine Ryle, I. Neill Reid, James Rich, Gordon T. Richards, George H. Rieke, Marcia J. Rieke, Hans-Walter Rix, Annie C. Robin, Helio J. Rocha-Pinto, Constance M. Rockosi, Natalie A. Roe, Emmanuel Rollinde, Ashley J. Ross, Nicholas P. Ross, Bruno Rossetto, Ariel G. Sanchez, Basilio Santiago, Conor Sayres, Ricardo Schiavon, David J. Schlegel, Katharine J. Schlesinger, Sarah J. Schmidt, Donald P. Schneider, Kris Sellgren, Alaina Shelden, Erin Sheldon, Matthew Shetrone, Yiping Shu, John D. Silverman, Jennifer Simmerer, Audrey E. Simmons, Thirupathi Sivarani, M. F. Skrutskie, Anze Slosar, Stephen Smee, Verne V. Smith, Stephanie A. Snedden, Keivan G. Stassun, Oliver Steele, Matthias Steinmetz, Mark H. Stockett, Todd Stollberg, Michael A. Strauss, Masayuki Tanaka, Aniruddha R. Thakar, Daniel Thomas, Jeremy L. Tinker, Benjamin M. Tofflemire, Rita Tojeiro, Christy A. Tremonti, Mariana Vargas Magana, Licia Verde, Nicole P. Vogt, David A. Wake, Xiaoke Wan, Ji Wang, Benjamin A. Weaver, Martin White, Simon D. M. White, John C. Wilson, John P. Wisniewski, W. Michael Wood-Vasey, Brian Yanny, Naoki Yasuda, Christophe Yeche, Donald G. York, Erick Young, Gail Zasowski, Idit Zehavi, Bo Zhao

Building on the legacy of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-I and II), SDSS-III is a program of four spectroscopic surveys on three scientific themes: dark energy and cosmological parameters, the history and structure of the Milky Way, and the population of giant planets around other stars. In keeping with SDSS tradition, SDSS-III will provide regular public releases of all its data, beginning with SDSS DR8 (which occurred in Jan 2011). This paper presents an overview of the four SDSS-III surveys. Read More

We present a new short-period brown dwarf candidate around the star TYC 1240-00945-1. This candidate was discovered in the first year of the Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Exoplanets Large-area Survey (MARVELS), which is part of the third phase of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS-III), and we designate the brown dwarf as MARVELS-1b. MARVELS uses the technique of dispersed fixed-delay interferometery to simultaneously obtain radial velocity measurements for 60 objects per field using a single, custom-built instrument that is fiber fed from the SDSS 2. Read More

In recent years, there has been heightened interest in quantum teleportation, which allows for the transfer of unknown quantum states over arbitrary distances. Quantum teleportation not only serves as an essential ingredient in long-distance quantum communication, but also provides enabling technologies for practical quantum computation. Of particular interest is the scheme proposed by Gottesman and Chuang [Nature \textbf{402}, 390 (1999)], showing that quantum gates can be implemented by teleporting qubits with the help of some special entangled states. Read More

The Habitable Zone Planet Finder (HZPF) is a proposed instrument for the 10m class Hobby Eberly telescope that will be capable of discovering low mass planets around M dwarfs. HZPF will be fiber-fed, provide a spectral resolution R~ 50,000 and cover the wavelength range 0.9-1. Read More