Bo Song

Bo Song
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Bo Song
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Physics - Materials Science (12)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (11)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (3)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (2)
 
Physics - Biological Physics (2)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
 
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)
 
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
 
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
 
Physics - Atomic Physics (1)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
 
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)
 
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (1)

Publications Authored By Bo Song

Membrane fluidity, well-known to be essential for cell functions, is obviously affected by copper. However, the underlying mechanism is still far from being understood, especially on the atomic level. Here, we unexpectedly observed that a decrease in phospholipid (PL) bilayer fluidity caused by Cu2+ was much more significant than those induced by Zn2+ and Ca2+, while a comparable reduction occurred in the last two ions. Read More

In this letter, carrier transport in graded Al$\mathrm{_x}$Ga$\mathrm{_{1-x}}$N with a polarization-induced n-type doping as low as ~ 10$\mathrm{^{17}}$ cm$\mathrm{^{-3}}$ is reported. The graded Al$\mathrm{_x}$Ga$\mathrm{_{1-x}}$N is grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition on a sapphire substrate and a uniform n-type doping without any intentional doping is realized by linearly varying the Al composition from 0% to 20% over a thickness of 600 nm. A compensating center concentration of ~10$\mathrm{^{17}}$ cm$\mathrm{^{-3}}$ was also estimated. Read More

We report the first realization of molecular beam epitaxy grown strained GaN quantum well field-effect transistors on single-crystal bulk AlN substrates. The fabricated double heterostructure FETs exhibit a two- dimensional electron gas (2DEG) density in excess of 2x10^13/cm2. Ohmic contacts to the 2DEG channel were formed by n+ GaN MBE regrowth process, with a contact resistance of 0. Read More

A conservative constraint on the rest mass of the photon can be estimated under the assumption that the frequency dependence of dispersion from astronomical sources is mainly contributed by the nonzero photon mass effect. Photon mass limits have been earlier set through the optical emissions of the Crab Nebula pulsar, but we prove that these limits can be significantly improved with the dispersion measure (DM) measurements of radio pulsars in the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds. The combination of DM measurements of pulsars and distances of the Magellanic Clouds provide a strict upper limit on the photon mass as low as $m_{\gamma} \leq2. Read More

We demonstrate all-optical implementation of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) in a two-electron Fermi gas of $^{173}$Yb atoms by coupling two hyperfine ground states with a narrow optical transition. Due to the SU($N$) symmetry of the $^1$S$_0$ ground-state manifold which is insensitive to external magnetic fields, an optical AC Stark effect is applied to split the ground spin states, which exhibits a high stability compared with experiments on alkali and lanthanide atoms, and separate out an effective spin-1/2 subspace from other hyperfine levels for the realization of SOC. The dephasing spin dynamics when a momentum-dependent spin-orbit gap being suddenly opened and the asymmetric momentum distribution of the spin-orbit coupled Fermi gas are observed as a hallmark of SOC. Read More

Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are radio bursts characterized by millisecond durations, high Galactic latitude positions, and high dispersion measures. Very recently, the cosmological origin of FRB 150418 has been confirmed by \cite{kea16}, and FRBs are now strong competitors as cosmological probes. The simple sharp feature of the FRB signal is ideal for them to probe some of the fundamental laws of physics. Read More

Infinite population models are important tools for studying population dynamics of evolutionary algorithms. They describe how the distributions of populations change between consecutive generations. In general, infinite population models are derived from Markov chains by exploiting symmetries between individuals in the population and analyzing the limit as the population size goes to infinity. Read More

Recent advances of highly efficient solar cells based on organic-inorganic halide perovskites have triggered intense research efforts to establish the fundamental properties of these materials. In this work, we utilized diamond anvil cell to investigate the pressure-induced structural and electronic transformations in methylammonium lead iodide (CH$_3$NH$_3$PbI$_3$) up to 7 GPa at room temperature. The synchrotron X-ray diffraction experiment show that the sample transformed from tetragonal to orthorhombic phase at 0. Read More

Searching for the signature of the violation of chiral charge conservation in solids has inspired a growing passion on the magneto-transport in topological semimetals. One of the open questions is how the conductivity depends on magnetic fields in a semimetal phase when the Fermi energy crosses the Weyl nodes. Here, we study both the longitudinal and transverse magnetoconductivity of a topological Weyl semimetal near the Weyl nodes with the help of a two-node model that includes all the topological semimetal properties. Read More

Owing to the large breakdown electric field, wide bandgap semiconductors such as SiC, GaN, Ga2O3 and diamond based power devices are the focus for next generation power switching applications. The unipolar trade-off relationship between the area specific-on resistance and breakdown voltage is often employed to compare the performance limitation among various materials. The GaN material system has a unique advantage due to its prominent spontaneous and piezoelectric polarization effects in GaN, AlN, InN, AlxInyGaN alloys and flexibility in inserting appropriate heterojunctions thus dramatically broaden the device design space. Read More

Van der Waals (vdW) heterojunctions composed of 2-dimensional (2D) layered materials are emerging as a solid-state materials family that exhibit novel physics phenomena that can power high performance electronic and photonic applications. Here, we present the first demonstration of an important building block in vdW solids: room temperature (RT) Esaki tunnel diodes. The Esaki diodes were realized in vdW heterostructures made of black phosphorus (BP) and tin diselenide (SnSe2), two layered semiconductors that possess a broken-gap energy band offset. Read More

Weyl semimetals are three-dimensional topological states of matter, in a sense that they host paired monopoles and antimonopoles of Berry curvature in momentum space, leading to the chiral anomaly. The chiral anomaly has long been believed to give a positive magnetoconductivity or negative magnetoresistivity in strong and parallel fields. However, several recent experiments on both Weyl and Dirac topological semimetals show a negative magnetoconductivity in high fields. Read More

The integer quantum Hall effect is a topological state of quantum matter in two dimensions, and has recently been observed in three-dimensional topological insulator thin films. Here we study the Landau levels and edge states of surface Dirac fermions in topological insulators under strong magnetic field. We examine the formation of the quantum plateaux of the Hall conductance and find two different patterns, in one pattern the filling number covers all integers while only odd integers in the other. Read More

This work shows that the combination of ultrathin highly strained GaN quantum wells embedded in an AlN matrix, with controlled isotopic concentrations of Nitrogen enables a dual marker method for Raman spectroscopy. By combining these techniques, we demonstrate the effectiveness in studying strain in the vertical direction. This technique will enable the precise probing of properties of buried active layers in heterostructures, and can be extended in the future to vertical devices such as those used for optical emitters, and for power electronics. Read More

We directly observed molecular-thick aqueous salt-solution pancakes on a hydrophobic graphite surface under ambient conditions employing atomic force microscopy. This observation indicates the unexpected molecular-scale hydrophilicity of the salt solution on graphite surfaces, which is different from the macroscopic wetting property of a droplet standing on the graphite surface. Interestingly, the pancakes spontaneously displayed strong positively charged behavior. Read More

The edge states in the quantum spin Hall effect are expected to be protected by time reversal symmetry. The experimental observation of the quantized conductance was reported in the InAs/GaSb quantum well {[}Du et al, arXiv:1306.1925{]}, up to a large magnetic field, which raises a question on the robustness of the edge states in the quantum spin Hall effect under time reversal symmetry breaking. Read More

In order to harvest the many promising properties of graphene in (electronic) applications, a technique is required to cut, shape or sculpt the material on a nanoscale without damage to its atomic structure, as this drastically influences the electronic properties of the nanostructure. Here, we reveal a temperature-dependent self-repair mechanism allowing damage-free atomic-scale sculpting of graphene using a focused electron beam. We demonstrate that by sculpting at temperatures above 600 {\deg}C, an intrinsic self-repair mechanism keeps the graphene single-crystalline during cutting, even thought the electron beam induces considerable damage. Read More

The complex mechanisms governing charge migration in DNA oligomers reflect the rich structural and electronic properties of the molecule of life. Controlling the mechanical stability of DNA nanowires in charge transport experiments is a requisite for identifying intrinsic issues responsible for long range charge transfers. By merging density-functional-theory-based calculations and model-Hamiltonian approaches, we have studied DNA quantum transport during the stretching-twisting process of poly(GC) DNA oligomers. Read More

Quantum transport through single molecules is very sensitive to the strength of the molecule-electrode contact. When a molecular junction weakly coupled to external electrodes, charging effects do play an important role (Coulomb blockade regime). In this regime, the non-equilibrium Green function is usually substituted with master equation approaches, which prevents the density functional theory from describing Coulomb blockade in non-equilibrium case. Read More

Quantum transport through single molecules is very sensitive to the strength of the molecule-electrode contact. Here, we investigate the behavior of a model molecular junction weakly coupled to external electrodes in the case where charging effects do play an important role (Coulomb blockade regime). As a minimal model we consider a molecular junction with two spatially separated donor and acceptor sites. Read More

We present a novel ab initio non-equilibrium approach to calculate the current across a molecular junction. The method rests on a wave function based description of the central region of the junction combined with a tight binding approximation for the electrodes in the frame of the Keldysh Green's function formalism. In addition we present an extension so as to include effects of the two-particle propagator. Read More

We present a novel ab initio non-equilibrium approach to calculate the current across a molecular junction. The method rests on a wave function based full ab initio description of the central region of the junction combined with a tight binding approximation for the electrodes in the frame of the Keldysh Green's function formalism. Our procedure is demonstrated for a dithiolethine molecule between silver electrodes. Read More