Bo Qin - National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Bo Qin
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Bo Qin
National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences

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Astrophysics (12)
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (3)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (2)
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (2)

Publications Authored By Bo Qin

In e-healthcare record systems (EHRS), attribute-based encryption (ABE) appears as a natural way to achieve fine-grained access control on health records. Some proposals exploit key-policy ABE (KP-ABE) to protect privacy in such a way that all users are associated with specific access policies and only the ciphertexts matching the users' access policies can be decrypted. An issue with KP-ABE is that it requires an a priori formulation of access policies during key generation, which is not always practicable in EHRS because the policies to access health records are sometimes determined after key generation. Read More

We undertake a systematic study of sketching a quadratic form: given an $n \times n$ matrix $A$, create a succinct sketch $\textbf{sk}(A)$ which can produce (without further access to $A$) a multiplicative $(1+\epsilon)$-approximation to $x^T A x$ for any desired query $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$. While a general matrix does not admit non-trivial sketches, positive semi-definite (PSD) matrices admit sketches of size $\Theta(\epsilon^{-2} n)$, via the Johnson-Lindenstrauss lemma, achieving the "for each" guarantee, namely, for each query $x$, with a constant probability the sketch succeeds. (For the stronger "for all" guarantee, where the sketch succeeds for all $x$'s simultaneously, again there are no non-trivial sketches. Read More

In [3], the authors proposed a highly efficient secure and privacy-preserving scheme for secure vehicular communications. The proposed scheme consists of four protocols: system setup, protocol for STP and STK distribution, protocol for common string synchronization, and protocol for vehicular communications. Here we define the security models for the protocol for STP and STK distribution, and the protocol for vehicular communications,respectively. Read More

In [3] the authors proposed a new aggregate signature scheme referred to as multiple-TA (trusted authority) one-time identity-based aggregate signature (MTA-OTIBAS). Further, they gave a concrete MTA-OTIBAS scheme. We recall here the definition of MTA-OTIBAS and the concrete proposed scheme. Read More

We study the problem of compressing a weighted graph $G$ on $n$ vertices, building a "sketch" $H$ of $G$, so that given any vector $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$, the value $x^T L_G x$ can be approximated up to a multiplicative $1+\epsilon$ factor from only $H$ and $x$, where $L_G$ denotes the Laplacian of $G$. One solution to this problem is to build a spectral sparsifier $H$ of $G$, which, using the result of Batson, Spielman, and Srivastava, consists of $O(n \epsilon^{-2})$ reweighted edges of $G$ and has the property that simultaneously for all $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$, $x^T L_H x = (1 \pm \epsilon) x^T L_G x$. The $O(n \epsilon^{-2})$ bound is optimal for spectral sparsifiers. Read More

Recent studies of lensing clusters reveal that it might be fairly common for a galaxy cluster that the X-ray center has an obvious offset from its gravitational center which is measured by strong lensing. We argue that if these offsets exist, then X-rays and lensing are indeed measuring different regions of a cluster, and may thus naturally result in a discrepancy in the measured gravitational masses by the two different methods. Here we investigate theoretically the dynamical effects of such lensing-X-ray offsets, and compare with observational data. Read More

We compile a sample of 38 galaxy clusters which have both X-ray and strong lensing observations, and study for each cluster the projected offset between the dominant component of baryonic matter center (measured by X-rays) and the gravitational center (measured by strong lensing). Among the total sample, 45% clusters have offsets >10". The >10" separations are significant, considering the arcsecond precision in the measurement of the lensing/X-ray centers. Read More

In a galaxy cluster, galaxies are mostly collisionless particles in recent epoches. They resemble collisionless cold dark matter particles in some way. Therefore, the spatial distributions of dark matter and cluster galaxies might be expected to possess similar features in the gravitational potential of a cluster. Read More

Affiliations: 1National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 3National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 4National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Category: Astrophysics

Using a sample of the $Spitzer$ SWIRE-field galaxies whose optical spectra are taken from the Data Release 4 of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, we study possible correlations between the Mid-InfraRed (MIR) dust emission from these galaxies and both their metallicities and AGN activities. We find that both metallicity and AGN activity are well correlated with the following ratios: PAH(Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon)-to-star, VSG(Very Small Grain)-to-star and PAH-to-VSG, which can be characterized by $\nu L_{\nu}[8\mu m({\rm dust})]/\nu L_{\nu}[3.6\mu m]$, $\nu L_{\nu}[24\mu m]/\nu L_{\nu}[3. Read More

Recent astronomical observations of systems of dark matter, which have been cited as providing possible support for self-interacting cold dark matter, may provide evidence for the extra dimensions predicted by superstring scenarios. We find that the properties of the required dark matter self-interaction are precisely the consequences of a world with 3 large extra dimensions of size \~1nm, where gravity follows the r^{-5} law at scales below ~1nm. From the cross sections measured for various dark matter systems, we also constrain the mass of dark matter particles to be m_x ~ 3*10^{-16} proton mass, consistent with the mass of axions. Read More

Isothermal models and other simple smooth models of dark matter halos of gravitational lenses often predict a dimensionless time delay $H_0\Delta t$ much too small to be comfortable with the observed time delays $\Delta t$ and the widely accepted $H_0$ value ($\sim 70$ km/s/Mpc). This conflict or crisis of the CDM has been highlighted by several recent papers of Kochanek, who claims that the standard value of $H_0$ favors a strangely small halo as compact as the stellar light distribution with an overall nearly Keplerian rotation curve. In an earlier paper (Paper I, astro-ph/0209191) we argue that this is not necessarily the case, at least in a perfectly symmetrical Einstein cross system. Read More

Affiliations: 1NAOC Beijing and IoA Cambridge, 2NAOC Beijing and IoA Cambridge
Category: Astrophysics

A degeneracy in strong lens model is shown analytically. The observed time delays and quasar image positions might {\it not} uniquely determine the concentration and the extent of the lens galaxy halo mass distribution. Simply hardwiring the Hubble constant ($H_0$) and the cosmology ($\Omega, \Lambda$) to the standard values of $\Lambda$CDM cosmology might {\it not} fully lift this degeneracy, which exists rigourously even with very accurate data. Read More

Other nongravitational heating processes are needed to resolve the disagreement between the absence of cool gas components in the centers of galaxy clusters revealed recently by Chandra and XMM observations and the expectations of conventional radiative cooling models. Here we propose that the interaction between dark matter particles and ordinary baryonic matter may act as an alternative for the reheating of intracluster medium (ICM) in the inner regions of clusters, in which kinetic energy of dark matter is transported to ICM to balance the radiative cooling. Using the Chandra and XMM data of typical clusters, we set a useful constraint on the dark matter-baryon cross-section: $\sigma_{xp}/m_x \sim 1 \times 10^{-25}$ cm$^2$GeV$^{-1}$, where $m_x$ is the mass of dark matter particles. Read More

Heavy particles in galaxy clusters tend to be more centrally concentrated than light ones according to the Boltzmann distribution. An estimate of the drift velocity suggests that it is possible that the helium nuclei may have entirely or partially sedimented into the cluster core within the Hubble time. We demonstrate the scenario using the NFW profile as the dark matter distribution of clusters and assuming that the intracluster gas is isothermal and in hydrostatic equilibrium. Read More

The energy source has remained to be the great mystery in understanding of the gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) if the events are placed at cosmological distances as indicated by a number of recent observations. The currently popular models include (1)the merger of two neutron stars or a neutron star and a black hole binary and (2)the hypernova scenario of the collapse of a massive member in a close binary. Since a neutron star will inevitably collapse into a black hole if its mass exceeds the limit $M_{max}\approx3M_{\odot}$, releasing a total binding gravitational energy of $\sim10^{54}$ erg, we explore semi-empirically the possibility of attributing the energy source of GRB to the accretion- induced collapse of a neutron star (AICNS) in a massive X-ray binary system consisting of a neutron star and a type O/B companion. Read More

The signature of the self-microlensing in compact binaries (white dwarfs, neutron stars and black holes) is a flare with the characteristic time of typically a few minutes. The probability of detecting these microlensing events can be as high as $1/50$ for a flux sensitivity of $\Delta m=0.01$ in magnitude. Read More

The associations of the angular positions of background quasars with foreground galaxies, clusters of galaxies and quasars are often attributed to the statistical lensing by gravitational potentials of the matter along the lines of sight, although it has been known that none of the individual objects (galaxies, clusters or quasars) are able to fully explain the reported amplitudes of the quasar number enhancements. This probably arises from the fact that the gravitational lensing effect by the environmental matter surrounding these objects has been ignored. In this paper we conduct an extensive study of the influence of the environmental matter on the prediction of quasar enhancement factor by employing the spatial two-point correlation function. Read More

Current measurements of the Hubble constant $H_0$ on scale less than $\sim100$ Mpc appear to be controversial, while the observations made at high redshift seem to provide a relatively low value. On the other hand, the Hubble expansion is driven by the matter content of the universe. The dynamical analysis on scale of a few $\sim10$ Mpc indicates that the matter density $\Omega_0$ is only $\sim0. Read More

Astrophysical observations indicate that the ``Local Universe" has a relatively lower matter density ($\Omega_0$) than the predictions of the standard inflation cosmology and the large-scale motions of galaxies which provide a mean mass density to be very close to unity. In such a local underdense region the Hubble expansion may not be representative of the global behaviour. Utilizing an underdense sphere embedded in a flat universe as the model of our ``Local Universe", we show that the local Hubble constant would be 1. Read More