# Bo Ma - Dept. of Astronomy, University of Florida

## Contact Details

NameBo Ma |
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AffiliationDept. of Astronomy, University of Florida |
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CityGainesville |
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CountryUnited States |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## External Links |
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## Pub CategoriesHigh Energy Physics - Phenomenology (32) High Energy Physics - Experiment (13) Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (10) Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (6) General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (5) Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3) Astrophysics of Galaxies (3) High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (3) High Energy Physics - Theory (2) Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (2) Nuclear Experiment (1) |

## Publications Authored By Bo Ma

We investigate the transverse charge densities of the deuteron in a soft-wall AdS/QCD model by considering both the unpolarized and the transversely polarized cases. The deuteron form factors are derived from the soft-wall AdS/QCD model and it is shown that the calculated results agree with the phenomenological parametrization and experimental data. The transverse charge densities of the deuteron are also derived from the soft-wall AdS/QCD model, and we notice slight deviations from those of the phenomenological parametrization. Read More

We calculate the single-spin asymmetries $A^{W^{\pm}}_{L}$ of $W^{\pm}$ bosons produced in polarized pp collisions with the valence part of the up and down quark helicity distributions modeled by the light-cone quark-spectator-diquark model while the sea part helicity distributions of the up and down quarks treated as parametrization. Comparing our results with those from experimental data at RHIC, we find that the helicity distributions of sea quarks play an important role in the determination of the shapes of $A^{W^{\pm}}_{L}$. It is shown that $A^{W^{-}}_{L}$ is sensitive to $\Delta \bar u$, while $A^{W^{+}}_{L}$ to $\Delta \bar d$ intuitively. Read More

We make biframe and quaternion extensions on the noncommutative geometry, and construct the biframe spacetime for the unification of gravity and quantum field theory. The extended geometry distinguishes between the ordinary spacetime based on the frame bundle and an extra non-coordinate spacetime based on the biframe bundle constructed by our extensions. The ordinary spacetime frame is globally flat and plays the role as the spacetime frame in which the fields of the standard model are defined. Read More

**Authors:**Nolan Grieves, Jian Ge, Neil Thomas, Bo Ma, Sirinrat Sithajan, Luan Ghezzi, Ben Kimock, Kevin Willis, Nathan De Lee, Brian Lee, Scott W. Fleming, Eric Agol, Nicholas Troup, Martin Paegert, Donald P. Schneider, Keivan Stassun, Frank Varosi, Bo Zhao, Jian Liu, Rui Li, Gustavo F. Porto de Mello, Dmitry Bizyaev, Kaike Pan, Leticia Dutra-Ferreira, Diego Lorenzo-Oliveira, Basilio X. Santiago, Luiz N. da Costa, Marcio A. G. Maia, Ricardo L. C. Ogando, E. F. del Peloso

Planet searches using the radial velocity technique show a paucity of companions to solar-type stars within ~5 AU in the mass range of ~10 - 80 M$_{\text{Jup}}$. This deficit, known as the brown dwarf desert, currently has no conclusive explanation. New substellar companions in this region help asses the reality of the desert and provide insight to the formation and evolution of these objects. Read More

Distinctions between quark to $\Lambda$ and $\bar\Lambda$ longitudinal spin transfers in the semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering process were observed by the E665 and COMPASS Collaborations. There are suggestions that the difference between $\Lambda$ and $\bar\Lambda$ production is related to the asymmetric strange-antistrange distribution inside the nucleon. However, previous calculations are still too small to explain the experimental data. Read More

We calculate the gluon Sivers function of the proton in the valence-$x$ region using a light-cone spectator model with the presence of the gluon degree of freedom. We obtain the values of the parameters by fitting the model resulting gluon density distribution to the known parametrization. We find that our results agree with the recent phenomenological extraction of the gluon Sivers function after considering the evolution effect. Read More

**Authors:**Bo Ma, Jian Ge, Alex Wolszczan, Matthew W. Muterspaugh, Brian Lee, Gregory W. Henry, Donald P. Schneider, Eduardo L. Martin, Andrzej Niedzielski, Jiwei Xie, Scott W. Fleming, Neil Thomas, Michael Williamson, Zhaohuan Zhu, Eric Agol, Dmitry Bizyaev, Luiz Nicolaci da Costa, Peng Jiang, A. F. Martinez Fiorenzano, Jonay I. Gonzalez Hernandez, Pengcheng Guo, Nolan Grieves, Rui Li, Jane Liu, Suvrath Mahadevan, Tsevi Mazeh, Duy Cuong Nguyen, Martin Paegert, Sirinrat Sithajan, Keivan Stassun, Sivarani Thirupathi, Julian C. van Eyken, Xiaoke Wan, Ji Wang, John P. Wisniewski, Bo Zhao, Shay Zucker

We report the detections of a giant planet (MARVELS-7b) and a brown dwarf candidate (MARVELS-7c) around the primary star in the close binary system, HD 87646. It is the first close binary system with more than one substellar circum-primary companion discovered to the best of our knowledge. The detection of this giant planet was accomplished using the first multi-object Doppler instrument (KeckET) at the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) telescope. Read More

It is postulated in Einstein's relativity that the speed of light in vacuum is a constant for all observers. However, the effect of quantum gravity could bring an energy dependence of light speed. Even a tiny speed variation, when amplified by the cosmological distance, may be revealed by the observed time lags between photons with different energies from astrophysical sources. Read More

The effect of quantum gravity can bring a tiny light speed variation which is detectable through energetic photons propagating from gamma ray bursts (GRBs) to an observer such as the space observatory. Through an analysis of the energetic photon data of the GRBs observed by the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (FGST), we reveal a surprising regularity of the observed time lags between photons of different energies with respect to the Lorentz violation factor due to the light speed energy dependence. Such regularity suggests a linear form correction of the light speed $v(E)=c(1-E/E_{\rm LV})$, where $E$ is the photon energy and $E_{\rm LV}=(3. Read More

We study the probability distribution function (PDF) of mass surface densities, $\Sigma$, of infrared dark cloud (IRDC) G028.37+00.07 and its surrounding giant molecular cloud. Read More

We generalize the soft-wall and hard-wall models to a light-front holographic QCD model with a generic dilaton profile. The effective potential induced by a higher power dilaton profile is interpreted as a stronger color confinement at long distance, and it gradually evolves to the hard-wall model when the power increases to infinity. As an application, we investigate the exotic meson states recently discovered in experiments in the generic soft-wall model with a higher power dilaton profile, and the results are in agreement with the spectra of the exotic mesons. Read More

**Authors:**Ji Wang, Debra A. Fischer, Thomas Barclay, Alyssa Picard, Bo Ma, Brendan P. Bowler, Joseph R. Schmitt, Tabetha S. Boyajian, Kian J. Jek, Daryll LaCourse, Christoph Baranec, Reed Riddle, Nicholas M. Law, Chris Lintott, Kevin Schawinski, Dean Joseph Simister, Boscher Gregoire, Sean P. Babin, Trevor Poile, Thomas Lee Jacobs, Tony Jebson, Mark R. Omohundro, Hans Martin Schwengeler, Johann Sejpka, Ivan A. Terentev, Robert Gagliano, Jari-Pekka Paakkonen, Hans Kristian Otnes Berge, Troy Winarski, Gerald R. Green, Allan R. Schmitt, Martti H. Kristiansen, Abe Hoekstra

**Category:**Earth and Planetary Astrophysics

The census of exoplanets is incomplete for orbital distances larger than 1 AU. Here, we present 41 long-period planet candidates in 38 systems identified by Planet Hunters based on Kepler archival data (Q0-Q17). Among them, 17 exhibit only one transit, 14 have two visible transits and 10 have more than three visible transits. Read More

We propose a unified approach to study meson, nucleon and $\Delta$-baryon properties at zero and finite temperatures in the context of hard-wall AdS/QCD model. We first combine some previous works dealing with mesons and baryons separately, and introduce a new parameter~$\xi$ so that the model could give a universal description of spectrum and couplings of both sectors in a self-consistent way. All observables calculated numerically show reasonable agreement with experimental data. Read More

The weak-field and slow-motion limit of $f(R,\mathcal{G})$ gravity is developed up to $(v/c)^{4}$ order in a spherically symmetric background. Considering the Taylor expansion of a general function $f$ around vanishing values of $R$ and $\mathcal{G}$, we present general vacuum solutions up to $(v/c)^{4}$ order for the gravitational field generated by a ball-like source. The spatial behaviors at $(v/c)^{2}$ order are the same for $f(R,\mathcal{G})$ gravity and $f(R)$ gravity, and their corresponding real valued static behaviors are presented and compared with the one in general relativity. Read More

We investigate the properties of octet and decuplet baryons in a light-front holographic model. By taking into account the effect of nonvanishing quark mass, we obtain the modified light-front wave functions which are applicable at both low and high energy scales. We calculate the spectra, form factors, magnetic moments and electromagnetic radii of octet and decuplet baryons with the results all matching the experiments well. Read More

We exam the pairs of neutrino mixing matrix and suggest pairs that can be used in the construction of new mixing patterns, with "pair" denoting the equality of the modulus of a pair of matrix elements. The results show that the tri-maximal mixing in $\nu_2$ and the $\mu$-$\tau$ interchange symmetry are good choices under current experimental results. The two cases of bi-pair mixing pattern depend on the mass hierarchy of neutrinos. Read More

**Authors:**Jason D. Eastman, Thomas G. Beatty, Robert J. Siverd, Joseph M. O. Antognini, Matthew T. Penny, Erica J. Gonzales, Justin R. Crepp, Andrew W. Howard, Ryan L. Avril, Allyson Bieryla, Karen Collins, Benjamin J. Fulton, Jian Ge, Joao Gregorio, Bo Ma, Samuel N. Mellon, Thomas E. Oberst, Ji Wang, B. Scott Gaudi, Joshua Pepper, Keivan G. Stassun, Lars A. Buchhave, Eric L. N. Jensen, David W. Latham, Perry Berlind, Michael L. Calkins, Phillip A. Cargile, Knicole D. Colon, Saurav Dhital, Gilbert A. Esquerdo, John Asher Johnson, John F. Kielkopf, Mark Manner, Qingqing Mao, Kim K. McLeod, Kaloyan Penev, Robert P. Stefanik, Rachel Street, Roberto Zambelli, D. L. DePoy, Andrew Gould, Jennifer L. Marshall, Richard W. Pogge, Mark Trueblood, Patricia Trueblood

**Category:**Earth and Planetary Astrophysics

We report the discovery of KELT-4Ab, an inflated, transiting Hot Jupiter orbiting the brightest component of a hierarchical triple stellar system. The host star is an F star with $T_{\rm eff}=6206\pm75$ K, $\log g=4.108\pm0. Read More

Neutrino properties can be constrained by the detection of ultra-high energy cosmic neutrinos (UHECNs). By using the updated global fitting results of neutrino mixing parameters, we present predictions on the neutrino flavor ratios at the Earth from three possibly astrophysical sources. Comparing with the latest IceCube data, we find that the normal hierarchy (NH) and inverted hierarchy (IH) cases from the initial ratios $\phi_{\nu_e}^0:\phi_{\nu_{\mu}}^0:\phi_{\nu_{\tau}}^0=$1:2:0 and 0:1:0 are compatible with the data in the standard neutrino oscillation scenario. Read More

**Authors:**Scott W. Fleming, Suvrath Mahadevan, Rohit Deshpande, Chad F. Bender, Ryan C. Terrien, Robert C. Marchwinski, Ji Wang, Arpita Roy, Keivan G. Stassun, Carlos Allende Prieto, Katia Cunha, Verne V. Smith, Eric Agol, Hasan Ak, Fabienne A. Bastien, Dmitry Bizyaev, Justin R. Crepp, Eric B. Ford, Peter M. Frinchaboy, Domingo Aníbal García-Hernández, Ana Elia García Pérez, B. Scott Gaudi, Jian Ge, Fred Hearty, Bo Ma, Steve R. Majewski, Szabolcs Mészáros, David L. Nidever, Kaike Pan, Joshua Pepper, Marc H. Pinsonneault, Ricardo P. Schiavon, Donald P. Schneider, John C. Wilson, Olga Zamora, Gail Zasowski

The Kepler mission has yielded a large number of planet candidates from among the Kepler Objects of Interest (KOIs), but spectroscopic follow-up of these relatively faint stars is a serious bottleneck in confirming and characterizing these systems. We present motivation and survey design for an ongoing project with the SDSS-III multiplexed APOGEE near-infrared spectrograph to monitor hundreds of KOI host stars. We report some of our first results using representative targets from our sample, which include current planet candidates that we find to be false positives, as well as candidates listed as false positives that we do not find to be spectroscopic binaries. Read More

We study the $\cos{\phi_h}$ azimuthal asymmetry in double polarized semi-inclusive pion production by considering dynamical twist-3 effects. In particular, we evaluate the role of the transverse momentum dependent distributions $e_L(x, k_T^2)$ and $g_L^\perp(x, k_T^2)$ on the asymmetry. Using two different sets of spectator model results for these distributions, we predict the $\cos{\phi_h}$ asymmetry of $\pi^+$, $\pi^-$, and $\pi^0$ at the kinematic configuration available at CLAS, HERMES and COMPASS. Read More

We investigate the quark Wigner distributions in a light-cone spectator model. The Wigner distribution, as a quasi-distribution function, provides the most general one-parton information in a hadron. Combining the polarization configurations, unpolarized, longitudinal polarized or transversal polarized, of the quark and the proton, we can define 16 independent Wigner distributions at leading twist. Read More

We investigate the quark angular momentum in a model with the nucleon being a quark and a spectator. Both scalar and axial-vector spectators are included. We perform the calculations in the light-cone formalism where the parton concept is well defined. Read More

We investigate the angular momentum decomposition with a quantum electrodynamics example to clarify the proton spin decomposition debates. We adopt the light-front formalism where the parton model is well defined. We prove that the sum of fermion and boson angular momenta is equal to half the sum of the two gravitational form factors $A(0)$ and $B(0)$, as is well known. Read More

We investigate the double spin asymmetries of pion production in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering with a longitudinal polarized beam off a transversely polarized proton target. Particularly, we consider the $\cos\phi_S$ and $\cos(2\phi_h -\phi_S)$ modulations, which can be interpreted by the convolution of the twist-3 transverse momentum dependent distributions and twist-2 fragmentation functions. Three different origins are taken into account simultaneously for each asymmetry: the $g_T D_1$ term, the $e_T H_1^\perp$ term, and the $e_T^\perp H_1^\perp$ term in the $\cos\phi_S$ asymmetry; and the $g_T^\perp D_1$ term, the $e_T H_1^\perp$ term, and the $e_T^\perp H_1^\perp$ term in the $\cos(2\phi_h -\phi_S)$ asymmetry. Read More

The difference between the $\Lambda$ and $\bar \Lambda$ longitudinal spin transfers in the semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering process is intensively studied. The study is performed in the current fragmentation region, by considering the intermediate hyperon decay processes and sea quark fragmentation processes, while the strange sea $s\bar s$ asymmetry in the nucleon is taken into account. The calculation in the light-cone quark-diquark model shows that the strange sea asymmetry gives a proper trend to the difference between the $\Lambda$ and $\bar \Lambda$ longitudinal spin transfers. Read More

We investigate the generalized form factors of the nucleon in a light-cone spectator-diquark model. Compared to the form factors, the generalized form factors contain some more information of the structure of the nucleon. In our calculation, both the scalar and the axial-vector spectator-diquark are taken into account. Read More

We present new constraints on the neutrino Majorana masses from the current data of neutrinoless double beta decay and neutrino flavour mixing. With the latest results of $0\nu\beta\beta$ progresses from various isotopes, including the recent calculations of the nuclear matrix elements, we find that the strongest constraint of the effective Majorana neutrino mass is from the $^{136}\rm{Xe}$ data of the EXO-200 and KamLAND-Zen collaborations. Further more, by combining the $0\nu\beta\beta$ experimental data with the neutrino mixing parameters from new analyses, we get the mass upper limits of neutrino mass eigenstates and flavour eigenstates and suggest several relations among these neutrino masses. Read More

The constancy of light speed is a basic assumption in Einstein's special relativity, and consequently the Lorentz invariance is a fundamental symmetry of space-time in modern physics. However, it is speculated that the speed of light becomes energy-dependent due to the Lorentz invariance violation~(LV) in various new physics theories. We analyse the data of the energetic photons from the gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) by the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope, and find more events to support the energy dependence in the light speed with both linear and quadratic form corrections. Read More

We study the single-spin asymmetries with the $\sin\phi_S$ and $\sin(2\phi_h -\phi_S)$ angular dependences for charged and neutral pions produced in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering on the transversely polarized proton target. The theoretical interpretations of the two asymmetries are presented in terms of the convolution of the twist-3 quark transverse momentum dependent distributions and twist-2 fragmentation functions. Specifically, we investigate the role of the distributions $f_T$, $h_T$ and $h_T^\perp$ in the $\sin\phi_S$ asymmetry, as well as the role of the distributions $f_T^\perp$, $h_T$ and $h_T^\perp$ in the $\sin(2\phi_h -\phi_S)$ asymmetry. Read More

The Majorana neutrino mass matrix combines information from the neutrino masses and the leptonic mixing in the flavor basis. Its invariance under some transformation matrices indicates the existence of certain residual symmetry. We offer an intuitive display of the structure of the Majorana neutrino mass matrix, using the whole set of the oscillation data. Read More

It has been ten years since the first report for a positive strangeness pentaquark-like baryon state. However the existence of the pentaquark state is still controversial. Some contradictions between the experiments are unsolved. Read More

We propose a model for baryons at finite temperature using AdS/QCD correspondence. In this model, we modify the AdS spacetime into the AdS-Schwarzchild spacetime and consider a couple of bulk spinors in this background. Solving this model, we get an eigenvalue equation for the baryon masses. Read More

Based on the independent measurements on neutrino mass splitting $|\Delta m^2_{\mu\mu}|$, $|\Delta m^2_{ee}|$, $\Delta m^2_{21}$, and recent measurements by the T2K Collaboration, we carry out a simple fitting analysis on $\Delta m^2_{32}$ and $\Delta m^2_{31}$ in normal hierarchy and inverse hierarchy respectively, suggesting $\Delta m^2_{32}=(2.46\pm0.07)\times10^{-3}~\mbox{eV}^2$ and $\Delta m^2_{31}=(2. Read More

We perform a study on the struck quark to the $\Lambda$-hyperon fragmentation processes by taking into account the anti-quark fragmentations and intermediate decays from other hyperons. We concentrate on how the longitudinally polarized quark fragments to the longitudinally polarized $\Lambda$, how unpolarized quark and anti-quark fragment to the unpolarized $\Lambda$, and how quark and anti-quark fragment to the $\Lambda$ through the intermediate decay processes. We calculate the effective fragmentation functions in the light-cone SU(6) quark-spectator-diquark model via the Gribov-Lipatov relation, with the Melosh-Wigner rotation effect also included. Read More

**Authors:**Christopher P. Ahn, Rachael Alexandroff, Carlos Allende Prieto, Friedrich Anders, Scott F. Anderson, Timothy Anderton, Brett H. Andrews, Éric Aubourg, Stephen Bailey, Fabienne A. Bastien, Julian E. Bautista, Timothy C. Beers, Alessandra Beifiori, Chad F. Bender, Andreas A. Berlind, Florian Beutler, Vaishali Bhardwaj, Jonathan C. Bird, Dmitry Bizyaev, Cullen H. Blake, Michael R. Blanton, Michael Blomqvist, John J. Bochanski, Adam S. Bolton, Arnaud Borde, Jo Bovy, Alaina Shelden Bradley, W. N. Brandt, Dorothée Brauer, J. Brinkmann, Joel R. Brownstein, Nicolás G. Busca, William Carithers, Joleen K. Carlberg, Aurelio R. Carnero, Michael A. Carr, Cristina Chiappini, S. Drew Chojnowski, Chia-Hsun Chuang, Johan Comparat, Justin R. Crepp, Stefano Cristiani, Rupert A. C. Croft, Antonio J. Cuesta, Katia Cunha, Luiz N. da Costa, Kyle S. Dawson, Nathan De Lee, Janice D. R. Dean, Timothée Delubac, Rohit Deshpande, Saurav Dhital, Anne Ealet, Garrett L. Ebelke, Edward M. Edmondson, Daniel J. Eisenstein, Courtney R. Epstein, Stephanie Escoffier, Massimiliano Esposito, Michael L. Evans, D. Fabbian, Xiaohui Fan, Ginevra Favole, Bruno Femenía Castellá, Emma Fernández Alvar, Diane Feuillet, Nurten Filiz Ak, Hayley Finley, Scott W. Fleming, Andreu Font-Ribera, Peter M. Frinchaboy, J. G. Galbraith-Frew, D. A. García-Hernández, Ana E. García Pérez, Jian Ge, R. Génova-Santos, Bruce A. Gillespie, Léo Girardi, Jonay I. González Hernández, J. Richard Gott III, James E. Gunn, Hong Guo, Samuel Halverson, Paul Harding, David W. Harris, Sten Hasselquist, Suzanne L. Hawley, Michael Hayden, Frederick R. Hearty, Artemio Herrero Davó, Shirley Ho, David W. Hogg, Jon A. Holtzman, Klaus Honscheid, Joseph Huehnerhoff, Inese I. Ivans, Kelly M. Jackson, Peng Jiang, Jennifer A. Johnson, David Kirkby, K. Kinemuchi, Mark A. Klaene, Jean-Paul Kneib, Lars Koesterke, Ting-Wen Lan, Dustin Lang, Jean-Marc Le Goff, Khee-Gan Lee, Young Sun Lee, Daniel C. Long, Craig P. Loomis, Sara Lucatello, Robert H. Lupton, Bo Ma, Claude E. Mack III, Suvrath Mahadevan, Marcio A. G. Maia, Steven R. Majewski, Elena Malanushenko, Viktor Malanushenko, A. Manchado, Marc Manera, Claudia Maraston, Daniel Margala, Sarah L. Martell, Karen L. Masters, Cameron K. McBride, Ian D. McGreer, Richard G. McMahon, Brice Ménard, Sz. Mészáros, Jordi Miralda-Escudé, Hironao Miyatake, Antonio D. Montero-Dorta, Francesco Montesano, Surhud More, Heather L. Morrison, Demitri Muna, Jeffrey A. Munn, Adam D. Myers, Duy Cuong Nguyen, Robert C. Nichol, David L. Nidever, Pasquier Noterdaeme, Sebastián E. Nuza, Julia E. O'Connell, Robert W. O'Connell, Ross O'Connell, Matthew D. Olmstead, Daniel J. Oravetz, Russell Owen, Nikhil Padmanabhan, Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille, Kaike Pan, John K. Parejko, Isabelle Pâris, Joshua Pepper, Will J. Percival, Ignasi Pérez-Ràfols, Hélio Dotto Perottoni, Patrick Petitjean, Matthew M. Pieri, M. H. Pinsonneault, Francisco Prada, Adrian M. Price-Whelan, M. Jordan Raddick, Mubdi Rahman, Rafael Rebolo, Beth A. Reid, Jonathan C. Richards, Rogério Riffel, Annie C. Robin, H. J. Rocha-Pinto, Constance M. Rockosi, Natalie A. Roe, Ashley J. Ross, Nicholas P. Ross, Graziano Rossi, Arpita Roy, J. A. Rubiño-Martin, Cristiano G. Sabiu, Ariel G. Sánchez, Basílio Santiago, Conor Sayres, Ricardo P. Schiavon, David J. Schlegel, Katharine J. Schlesinger, Sarah J. Schmidt, Donald P. Schneider, Mathias Schultheis, Kris Sellgren, Hee-Jong Seo, Yue Shen, Matthew Shetrone, Yiping Shu, Audrey E. Simmons, M. F. Skrutskie, Anže Slosar, Verne V. Smith, Stephanie A. Snedden, Jennifer S. Sobeck, Flavia Sobreira, Keivan G. Stassun, Matthias Steinmetz, Michael A. Strauss, Alina Streblyanska, Nao Suzuki, Molly E. C. Swanson, Ryan C. Terrien, Aniruddha R. Thakar, Daniel Thomas, Benjamin A. Thompson, Jeremy L. Tinker, Rita Tojeiro, Nicholas W. Troup, Jan Vandenberg, Mariana Vargas Magaña, Matteo Viel, Nicole P. Vogt, David A. Wake, Benjamin A. Weaver, David H. Weinberg, Benjamin J. Weiner, Martin White, Simon D. M. White, John C. Wilson, John P. Wisniewski, W. M. Wood-Vasey, Christophe Yèche, Donald G. York, O. Zamora, Gail Zasowski, Idit Zehavi, Zheng Zheng, Guangtun Zhu

The Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) has been in operation since 2000 April. This paper presents the tenth public data release (DR10) from its current incarnation, SDSS-III. This data release includes the first spectroscopic data from the Apache Point Observatory Galaxy Evolution Experiment (APOGEE), along with spectroscopic data from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS) taken through 2012 July. Read More

**Authors:**Peng Jiang, Jian Ge, Phillip Cargile, Justin R. Crepp, Nathan De Lee, Gustavo F. Porto de Mello, Massimiliano Esposito, Letícia D. Ferreira, Bruno Femenia, Scott W. Fleming, B. Scott Gaudi, Luan Ghezzi, Jonay I. González Hernández, Leslie Hebb, Brian L. Lee, Bo Ma, Keivan G. Stassun, Ji Wang, John P. Wisniewski, Eric Agol, Dmitry Bizyaev, Howard Brewington, Liang Chang, Luiz Nicolaci da Costa, Jason D. Eastman, Garrett Ebelke, Bruce Gary, Stephen R. Kane, Rui Li, Jian Liu, Suvrath Mahadevan, Marcio A. G. Maia, Viktor Malanushenko, Elena Malanushenko, Demitri Muna, Duy Cuong Nguyen, Ricardo L. C. Ogando, Audrey Oravetz, Daniel Oravetz, Kaike Pan, Joshua Pepper, Martin Paegert, Carlos Allende Prieto, Rafael Rebolo, Basilio X. Santiago, Donald P. Schneider, Alaina C. Shelden Bradley, Thirupathi Sivarani, Stephanie Snedden, J. C. van Eyken, Xiaoke Wan, Benjamin A. Weaver, Bo Zhao

**Category:**Earth and Planetary Astrophysics

We report the discovery of a candidate brown dwarf or a very low mass stellar companion (MARVELS-5b) to the star HIP 67526 from the Multi-object APO Radial Velocity Exoplanet Large-area Survey (MARVELS). The radial velocity curve for this object contains 31 epochs spread over 2.5 years. Read More

We propose a new mixing pattern for neutrinos with a nonzero mixing angle $\theta_{13}$. Under a simple form, it agrees well with current neutrino oscillation data and displays a number of intriguing features including the $\mu$-$\tau$ interchange symmetry $|U_{\mu i}|=|U_{\tau i}|$, $(i=1,2,3)$, the trimaximal mixing $|U_{\e 2}|=|U_{\mu 2}|=|U_{\tau 2}|=1/\sqrt{3}$, the self-complementarity relation $\theta_1+\theta_3=45\deg$, together with the maximal Dirac CP violation as a prediction. Read More

**Authors:**Nathan De Lee, Jian Ge, Justin R. Crepp, Jason Eastman, Massimiliano Esposito, Bruno Femenía, Scott W. Fleming, B. Scott Gaudi, Luan Ghezzi, Jonay I. González Hernández, Brian L. Lee, Keivan G. Stassun, John P. Wisniewski, W. Michael Wood-Vasey, Eric Agol, Carlos Allende Prieto, Rory Barnes, Dmitry Bizyaev, Phillip Cargile, Liang Chang, Luiz N. Da Costa, G. F. Porto De Mello, Leticia D. Ferreira, Bruce Gary, Leslie Hebb, Jon Holtzman, Jian Liu, Bo Ma, Claude E. Mack III, Suvrath Mahadevan, Marcio A. G. Maia, Duy Cuong Nguyen, Audrey Oravetz, Daniel J. Oravetz, Martin Paegert, Kaike Pan, Joshua Pepper, Elena Malanushenko, Viktor Malanushenko, Rafael Rebolo, Basilio X. Santiago, Donald P. Schneider, Alaina C. Shelden Bradley, Xiaoke Wan, Ji Wang, Bo Zhao

**Category:**Earth and Planetary Astrophysics

We describe the discovery of a likely brown dwarf (BD) companion with a minimum mass of 31.7 +/- 2.0 M_Jup to GSC 03546-01452 from the MARVELS radial velocity survey, which we designate as MARVELS-6b. Read More

The mass domain where massive extrasolar planets and brown dwarfs overlap is
still poorly understood due to the paucity of brown dwarfs orbiting close to
solar-type stars, the so-called brown dwarf desert. In this paper we collect
all of available data about close brown dwarfs around solar type stars and
their host stars from literature and study the demographics of the brown dwarf
desert. The data clearly show a short period and a medium mass gap in the brown
dwarf period-mass distribution diagram ($ 35

The transverse momentum dependent helicity distributions of valence quarks are calculated in the light-cone diquark model by adopting two different approaches. We use the model results to analyze the $P_{h\perp}$-dependent double spin asymmetries for $\pi^+$, $\pi^-$ and $\pi^0$ productions in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering, and find that the asymmetries agree with the CLAS data in one of the approaches. By taking the Fourier transform of the transverse momentum dependent helicity distributions, we obtain the helicity distributions of valence quarks in the transverse coordinate space, and then apply them further to predict the Bessel-weighted double spin asymmetries of $\pi^+$, $\pi^-$ and $\pi^0$ productions in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering at CLAS, COMPASS and HERMES for the first time. Read More

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Dept. of Astronomy, University of Florida,

^{2}Dept. of Astronomy, University of Florida,

^{3}Dept. of Astronomy, University of Florida

(Abridged) The Census of High- and Medium-mass Protostars (CHaMP) is the
first large-scale (280 degree

**Authors:**Bo Ma

^{1}, Jian Ge, Rory Barnes, Justin R. Crepp, Nathan De Lee, Leticia Dutra-Ferreira, Massimiliano Esposito, Bruno Femenia, Scott W. Fleming, B. Scott Gaudi, Luan Ghezzi, Leslie Hebb, Jonay I. Gonzalez Hernandez, Brian L. Lee, G. F. Porto de Mello, Keivan G. Stassun, Ji Wang, John P. Wisniewski, Eric Agol, Dmitry Bizyaev, Phillip Cargile, Liang Chang, Luiz Nicolaci da Costa, Jason D. Eastman, Bruce Gary, Peng Jiang, Stephen R. Kane, Rui Li, Jian Liu, Suvrath Mahadevan, Marcio A. G. Maia, Demitri Muna, Duy Cuong Nguyen, Ricardo L. C. Ogando, Daniel Oravetz, Joshua Pepper, Martin Paegert, Carlos Allende Prieto, Rafael Rebolo, Basilio X. Santiago, Donald P. Schneider, Alaina Shelden, Audrey Simmons, Thirupathi Sivarani, J. C. van Eyken, Xiaoke Wan, Benjamin A. Weaver, Bo Zhao

**Affiliations:**

^{1}Univ. Florida

We present an eccentric, short-period brown dwarf candidate orbiting the active, slightly evolved subgiant star TYC 2087-00255-1, which has effective temperature T_eff = 5903+/-42 K, surface gravity log (g) = 4.07+/-0.16 (cgs), and metallicity [Fe/H] = -0. Read More

With the progress of increasingly precise measurements on the neutrino mixing angles, phenomenological relations such as quark-lepton complementarity (QLC) among mixing angles of quarks and leptons and self-complementarity (SC) among lepton mixing angles have been observed. Using the latest global fit results of the quark and lepton mixing angles in the standard Chau-Keung scheme, we calculate the mixing angles and CP-violating phases in the other eight different schemes. We check the dependence of these mixing angles on the CP-violating phases in different phase schemes. Read More

We apply the MIT bag model to study the Boer-Mulders function of the pion, a $T$-odd function that describes the transverse polarization distribution of the quark inside the pion. We simulate the effect of the gauge link through the "one-gluon-exchange" approximation. We consider both the quark helicity nonflip and double-flip contributions. Read More

**Authors:**Joshua Pepper, Robert J. Siverd, Thomas G. Beatty, B. Scott Gaudi, Keivan G. Stassun, Jason Eastman, Karen Collins, David W. Latham, Allyson Bieryla, Lars A. Buchhave, Eric L. N. Jensen, Mark Manner, Kaloyan Penev, Justin R. Crepp, Phillip A. Cargile, Saurav Dhital, Michael L. Calkins, Gilbert A. Esquerdo, Perry Berlind, Benjamin J. Fulton, Rachel Street, Bo Ma, Jian Ge, Ji Wang, Qingqing Mao, Alexander J. W. Richert, Andrew Gould, Darren L. DePoy, John F. Kielkopf, Jennifer L. Marshall, Richard W. Pogge, Robert P. Stefanik, Mark Trueblood, Patricia Trueblood

**Category:**Earth and Planetary Astrophysics

We report the discovery of KELT-3b, a moderately inflated transiting hot Jupiter with a mass of 1.477 (-0.067, +0. Read More

**Authors:**SDSS-III Collaboration, :, Christopher P. Ahn, Rachael Alexandroff, Carlos Allende Prieto, Scott F. Anderson, Timothy Anderton, Brett H. Andrews, Éric Aubourg Stephen Bailey, Rory Barnes, Julian Bautista, Timothy C. Beers, Alessandra Beifiori, Andreas A. Berlind, Vaishali Bhardwaj, Dmitry Bizyaev, Cullen H. Blake, Michael R. Blanton, Michael Blomqvist, John J. Bochanski, Adam S. Bolton, Arnaud Borde, Jo Bovy, W. N. Brandt, J. Brinkmann, Peter J. Brown, Joel R. Brownstein, Kevin Bundy, N. G. Busca, William Carithers, Aurelio R. Carnero, Michael A. Carr, Dana I. Casetti-Dinescu, Yanmei Chen, Cristina Chiappini, Johan Comparat, Natalia Connolly, Justin R. Crepp, Stefano Cristiani, Rupert A. C. Croft, Antonio J. Cuesta, Luiz N. da Costa, James R. A. Davenport, Kyle S. Dawson, Roland de Putter, Nathan De Lee, Timothée Delubac, Saurav Dhital, Anne Ealet, Garrett L. Ebelke, Edward M. Edmondson, Daniel J. Eisenstein, S. Escoffier, Massimiliano Esposito, Michael L. Evans, Xiaohui Fan, Bruno Femení a Castellá, Emma Fernández Alvar, Leticia D. Ferreira, N. Filiz Ak, Hayley Finley, Scott W. Fleming, Andreu Font-Ribera, Peter M. Frinchaboy, D. A. García-Hernández, A. E. García Pérez, Jian Ge, R. Génova-Santos, Bruce A. Gillespie, Léo Girardi, Jonay I. González Hernández, Eva K. Grebel, James E. Gunn, Daryl Haggard, Jean-Christophe Hamilton, David W. Harris, Suzanne L. Hawley, Frederick R. Hearty, Shirley Ho, David W. Hogg, Jon A. Holtzman, Klaus Honscheid, J. Huehnerhoff, Inese I. Ivans, Zeljko Ivezić, Heather R. Jacobson, Linhua Jiang, Jonas Johansson, Jennifer A. Johnson, Guinevere Kauffmann, David Kirkby, Jessica A. Kirkpatrick, Mark A. Klaene, Gillian R. Knapp, Jean-Paul Kneib, Jean-Marc Le Goff, Alexie Leauthaud, Khee-Gan Lee, Young Sun Lee, Daniel C. Long, Craig P. Loomis, Sara Lucatello, Britt Lundgren, Robert H. Lupton, Bo Ma, Zhibo Ma, Nicholas MacDonald, Suvrath Mahadevan, Marcio A. G. Maia, Steven R. Majewski, Martin Makler, Elena Malanushenko, Viktor Malanushenko, A. Manchado, Rachel Mandelbaum, Marc Manera, Claudia Maraston, Daniel Margala, Sarah L. Martell, Cameron K. McBride, Ian D. McGreer, Richard G. McMahon, Brice Ménard, Sz. Meszaros, Jordi Miralda-Escudé, Antonio D. Montero-Dorta, Francesco Montesano, Heather L. Morrison, Demitri Muna, Jeffrey A. Munn, Hitoshi Murayama, Adam D. Myers, A. F. Neto, Duy Cuong Nguyen, Robert C. Nichol, David L. Nidever, Pasquier Noterdaeme, Ricardo L. C. Ogando, Matthew D. Olmstead, Daniel J. Oravetz, Russell Owen, Nikhil Padmanabhan, Nathalie Palanque-Delabrouille, Kaike Pan, John K. Parejko, Prachi Parihar, Isabelle Pâris, Petchara Pattarakijwanich, Joshua Pepper, Will J. Percival, Ismael Pérez-Fournon, Ignasi Pérez-Ráfols, Patrick Petitjean, Janine Pforr, Matthew M. Pieri, Marc H. Pinsonneault, G. F. Porto de Mello, Francisco Prada, Adrian M. Price-Whelan, M. Jordan Raddick, Rafael Rebolo, James Rich, Gordon T. Richards, Annie C. Robin, Helio J. Rocha-Pinto, Constance M. Rockosi, Natalie A. Roe, Ashley J. Ross, Nicholas P. Ross, J. A. Rubiño-Martin, Lado Samushia, J. Sanchez Almeida, Ariel G. Sánchez, Basílio Santiago, Conor Sayres, David J. Schlegel, Katharine J. Schlesinger, Sarah J. Schmidt, Donald P. Schneider, Axel D. Schwope, C. G. Scóccola, Uros Seljak, Erin Sheldon, Yue Shen, Yiping Shu, Jennifer Simmerer, Audrey E. Simmons, Ramin A. Skibba, A. Slosar, Flavia Sobreira, Jennifer S. Sobeck, Keivan G. Stassun, Oliver Steele, Matthias Steinmetz, Michael A. Strauss, Molly E. C. Swanson, Tomer Tal, Aniruddha R. Thakar, Daniel Thomas, Benjamin A. Thompson, Jeremy L. Tinker, Rita Tojeiro, Christy A. Tremonti, M. Vargas Magaña, Licia Verde, Matteo Viel, Shailendra K. Vikas, Nicole P. Vogt, David A. Wake, Ji Wang, Benjamin A. Weaver, David H. Weinberg, Benjamin J. Weiner, Andrew A. West, Martin White, John C. Wilson, John P. Wisniewski, W. M. Wood-Vasey, Brian Yanny, Christophe Yèche, Donald G. York, O. Zamora, Gail Zasowski, Idit Zehavi, Gong-Bo Zhao, Zheng Zheng, Guangtun Zhu, Joel C. Zinn

The Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III) presents the first spectroscopic data from the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS). This ninth data release (DR9) of the SDSS project includes 535,995 new galaxy spectra (median z=0.52), 102,100 new quasar spectra (median z=2. Read More

**Authors:**Scott W. Fleming, Jian Ge, Rory Barnes, Thomas G. Beatty, Justin R. Crepp, Nathan De Lee, Massimiliano Esposito, Bruno Femenia, Leticia Ferreira, Bruce Gary, B. Scott Gaudi, Luan Ghezzi, Jonay I. González Hernández, Leslie Hebb, Peng Jiang, Brian Lee, Ben Nelson, Gustavo F. Porto de Mello, Benjamin J. Shappee, Keivan Stassun, Todd A. Thompson, Benjamin M. Tofflemire, John P. Wisniewski, W. Michael Wood-Vasey, Eric Agol, Carlos Allende Prieto, Dmitry Bizyaev, Howard Brewington, Phillip A. Cargile, Louis Coban, Korena S. Costello, Luis N. da Costa, Melanie L. Good, Nelson Hua, Stephen R. Kane, Gary R. Lander, Jian Liu, Bo Ma, Suvrath Mahadevan, Marcio A. G. Maia, Elena Malanushenko, Viktor Malanushenko, Demitri Muna, Duy Cuong Nguyen, Daniel Oravetz, Martin Paegert, Kaike Pan, Joshua Pepper, Rafael Rebolo, Eric J. Roebuck, Basilio X. Santiago, Donald P. Schneider, Alaina Shelden, Audrey Simmons, Thirupathi Sivarani, Stephanie Snedden, Chelsea L. M. Vincent, Xiaoke Wan, Ji Wang, Benjamin A. Weaver, Gwendolyn M. Weaver, Bo Zhao

**Category:**Solar and Stellar Astrophysics

We report the discovery via radial velocity of a short-period (P = 2.430420 \pm 0.000006 days) companion to the F-type main sequence star TYC 2930-00872-1. Read More

Inspired by a new relation $\theta_{13}^{\rm PMNS}={\theta_C}/{\sqrt{2}}$ observed from the relatively large $\theta_{13}^{\rm PMNS}$, we find that the combination of this relation with the quark-lepton complementarity and the self-complementarity results in correlations of the lepton mixing angles with the quark mixing angles. We find that the three mixing angles in the PMNS matrix are all related to the Wolfenstein parameter $\lambda$ in the quark mixing, so they are also correlated. Consequently, the PMNS matrix can be parameterized by $\lambda$, A, and a Dirac CP-violating phase $\delta$. Read More

We discuss the spin structure of the proton in a light-cone treatment of the chiral quark model. Based on the fact that the quark helicity ($\Delta q$) measured in polarized deep inelastic scattering experiments is actually the quark spin defined in the light-cone formalism, rather than the quark spin ($\Delta q_{QM}$) defined in the conventionally quark model (or in the rest frame of the nucleon), we calculate the $x$-dependence of the polarized quark distribution functions $\Delta q(x)$, and the polarized structure functions $g_1 (x)$. Special attention is focused on the Melosh-Wigner rotation due to the transversal motions of quarks inside the nucleon and its effects on the bare quark input. Read More

The complete description of neutrino oscillations require the wave packet treatment. For terrestrial experiments the contribution from the interaction of neutrino with the Earth matter would modify oscillation pattern, i.e. Read More