Bin Chen - University of Oklahoma

Bin Chen
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Bin Chen
University of Oklahoma
United States

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High Energy Physics - Theory (16)
Quantum Physics (9)
Mathematics - Information Theory (5)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (5)
Computer Science - Information Theory (5)
Physics - Materials Science (5)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (5)
Physics - Superconductivity (3)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (3)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (3)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (2)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (2)
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (1)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)
Mathematics - Number Theory (1)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)
Physics - Physics and Society (1)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
Physics - Fluid Dynamics (1)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)

Publications Authored By Bin Chen

In this work, we study the universal behaviors in the mutual information of two disjoint spheres in a conformal field theory(CFT). By using the operator product expansion of the spherical twist operator in terms of the conformal family, we show that the large distance expansion of the mutual information can be cast in terms of the conformal blocks. We develop the $1/n$ prescription to compute the coefficients before the conformal blocks. Read More

Traces of user activities recorded in online social networks such as the creation, viewing and forwarding/sharing of information over time open new possibilities to quantitatively and systematically understand the information diffusion process on social networks. From an online social network like WeChat, we could collect a large number of information cascade trees, each of which tells the spreading trajectory of a message/information such as which user creates the information and which users view or forward the information shared by which neighbors. In this work, we propose two heterogeneous non-linear models. Read More

Recently Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) have been used to speed up very CPU-intensive gravitational microlensing simulations. In this work, we use the Xeon Phi coprocessor to accelerate such simulations and compare its performance on a microlensing code with that of NVIDIA's GPUs. For the selected set of parameters evaluated in our experiment, we find that the speedup by Intel's Knights Corner coprocessor is comparable to that by NVIDIA's Fermi family of GPUs with compute capability 2. Read More

We study the static black holes in the large $D$ dimensions in the Gauss-Bonnet gravity with a cosmological constant, coupled to the Maxewell theory. After integrating the equation of motion with respect to the radial direction, we obtain the effective equations at large $D$ to describe the nonlinear dynamical deformations of the black holes. From the perturbation analysis on the effective equations, we get the analytic expressions of the frequencies for the quasinormal modes of charge and scalar-type perturbations. Read More

We study the geometric measure of quantum coherence recently proposed in [Phys. Rev. Lett. Read More

We investigate the modified trace distance measure of coherence recently introduced in [Phys. Rev. A 94, 060302(R) (2016)]. Read More

The complexity of strongly correlated electron physics in vanadium dioxide is exemplified as its rich phase diagrams of all kinds, which in turn shed light on the mechanisms behind its various phase transitions. In this work, we map out the hydrostatic pressure - temperature phase diagram of vanadium dioxide nanobeams by independently varying pressure and temperature with a diamond anvil cell. In addition to the well-known insulating M1 (monoclinic) and metallic R (tetragonal) phases, the diagram identifies the existence at high pressures of the insulating M1' (monoclinic, more conductive than M1) phase, and two metallic phases of X (monoclinic) and O (orthorhombic, at high temperature only). Read More

In an $[n,k,d]$ linear code, a code symbol is said to have locality $r$ if it can be repaired by accessing at most $r$ other code symbols. For an $(n,k,r)$ \emph{locally repairable code} (LRC), the minimum distance satisfies the well-known Singleton-like bound $d\le n-k-\lceil k/r\rceil +2$. In this paper, we study optimal ternary LRCs meeting this Singleton-like bound by employing a parity-check matrix approach. Read More

In distributed storage systems, locally repairable codes (LRCs) are introduced to realize low disk I/O and repair cost. In order to tolerate multiple node failures, the LRCs with \emph{$(r, \delta)$-locality} are further proposed. Since hot data is not uncommon in a distributed storage system, both Zeh \emph{et al. Read More

An $(n,k,r)$ \emph{locally repairable code} (LRC) is an $[n,k,d]$ linear code where every code symbol can be repaired from at most $r$ other code symbols. An LRC is said to be optimal if the minimum distance attains the Singleton-like bound $d \le n-k-\lceil k/r \rceil +2$. The \emph{generalized Hamming weights} (GHWs) of linear codes are fundamental parameters which have many useful applications. Read More

We study the charged slowly rotating black holes in the Einstein-Maxwell theory in the large dimensions. By using the 1/D expansion in the near region of the black hole we obtain the effective equations for the charged slowly rotating black holes. The effective equations describe the charged black ring, the charged slowly rotating Myers-Perry black hole and the charged slowly boosted black string as stationary solutions. Read More

Physical unclonable functions (PUFs) can be used to generate cryptographic keys by making use of the intrinsic randomness resulting from manufacturing variations. Error correction codes (ECCs) help to make SRAM-PUFs, which are always effected by noise and environmental changes, suitable for security applications. In this paper, we propose practical error correction schemes for PUF-based secret generation that are based on polar codes. Read More

A eutectic reaction is a special chemical/physical reaction involving multiple phases, solid or liquid, to form a joint lattice structure with a unique atomic ratio between the components. Visualization of phase reaction of composite nanomaterials with high spatial and temporal resolution provides a key understanding of alloy growth with important industrial applications. However, it has been a rather challenging task. Read More

Dynamics of active or self-propulsive Brownian particles in nonequilibrium status, has recently attracted great interest in many fields including biological entities and artificial micro/nanoscopic motors6. Understanding of their dynamics can provide insight into the statistical properties of biological and physical systems far from equilibrium. Generally, active Brownian particles can involve either translational or rotational motion. Read More

The valley degree of freedom in two-dimensional (2D) crystals recently emerged as a novel information carrier in addition to spin and charge. The intrinsic valley lifetime in 2D transition metal dichalcoginides (TMD) is expected to be remarkably long due to the unique spin-valley locking behavior, where the inter-valley scattering of electron requires simultaneously a large momentum transfer to the opposite valley and a flip of the electron spin. The experimentally observed valley lifetime in 2D TMDs, however, has been limited to tens of nanoseconds so far. Read More

Strong quasar-galaxy lensing provides a powerful tool to probe the inter-stellar medium (ISM) of the lens galaxy using radiation from the background quasar. Using the Cosmic Origin Spectrograph (COS) on board the Hubble Space Telescope, we study the cold ISM properties of the lens galaxy in B1152+199 at a redshift of z=0.4377. Read More

We compute the R\'enyi mutual information of two disjoint spheres in free massless scalar theory in even dimensions higher than two. The spherical twist operator in a conformal field theory can be expanded into the sum of local primary operators and their descendants. We analyze the primary operators in the replicated scalar theory and find the ones of the fewest dimensions and spins. Read More

The uncertainty principle is considered to be one of the most striking features in quantum mechanics. In the textbook literature, uncertainty relations usually refer to the preparation uncertainty which imposes a limitation on the spread of measurement outcomes for a pair of non-commuting observables. In this work, we study the preparation uncertainty for the angular momentum, especially in the spin-1/2 representation. Read More

The kinematic space could play a key role in constructing the bulk geometry from dual CFT. In this paper, we study the kinematic space from geometric points of view, without resorting to differential entropy. We find that the kinematic space could be intrinsically defined in the embedding space. Read More

Hydrostatic pressure applied using diamond anvil cells (DAC) has been widely explored to modulate physical properties of materials by tuning their lattice degree of freedom. Independently, electrical field is able to tune the electronic degree of freedom of functional materials via, for example, the field-effect transistor (FET) configuration. Combining these two orthogonal approaches would allow discovery of new physical properties and phases going beyond the known phase space. Read More

We present an X-ray photometric analysis of six gravitationally lensed quasars, with observation campaigns spanning from 5 to 14 years, measuring the total (0.83 - 21.8 keV restframe), soft (0. Read More

A code is said to be a $r$-local locally repairable code (LRC) if each of its coordinates can be repaired by accessing at most $r$ other coordinates. When some of the $r$ coordinates are also erased, the $r$-local LRC can not accomplish the local repair, which leads to the concept of $(r,\delta)$-locality. A $q$-ary $[n, k]$ linear code $\cC$ is said to have $(r, \delta)$-locality ($\delta\ge 2$) if for each coordinate $i$, there exists a punctured subcode of $\cC$ with support containing $i$, whose length is at most $r + \delta - 1$, and whose minimum distance is at least $\delta$. Read More

In this work we propose a series-expansion thermal tensor network (SETTN) approach for efficient simulations of quantum lattice models. This continuous-time SETTN method is based on the numerically exact Taylor series expansion of equilibrium density operator $e^{-\beta H}$ (with $H$ the total Hamiltonian and $\beta$ the imaginary time), and is thus Trotter-error free. We discover, through simulating XXZ spin chain and square-lattice quantum Ising models, that not only the Hamiltonian $H$, but also its powers $H^n$, can be efficiently expressed as matrix product operators, which enables us to calculate with high precision the equilibrium and dynamical properties of quantum lattice models at finite temperatures. Read More

In this paper, we study the holographic descriptions of the conformal block of heavy operators in two-dimensional large c conformal field theory. We consider the case that the operators are pairwise inserted such that the distance between the operators in a pair is much smaller than the others. In this case, each pair of heavy operators creates a conical defect in the bulk. Read More

We formulate uncertainty relations for arbitrary finite number of incompatible observables. Based on the sum of variances of the observables, both Heisenberg-type and Schr\"{o}dinger-type uncertainty relations are provided. These new lower bounds are stronger in most of the cases than the ones derived from some existing inequalities. Read More

We study the stabilities of (A)dS charged Gauss-Bonnet(GB) black holes in the large $D$ dimensions. After integrating the equation of motion with respect to the radial direction, we obtain the effective equations at large $D$ to describe the nonlinear dynamical deformations of the black hole. From the perturbation analysis of the effective equations, we get the analytic expressions of the frequencies for the quasinormal modes of scalar type. Read More

We investigate the short interval expansion of the R\'enyi entropy for two-dimensional conformal field theory (CFT) on a torus. We require the length of the interval $\ell$ to be small with respect to the spatial and temporal sizes of the torus. The operator product expansion of the twist operators allows us to compute the short interval expansion of the R\'enyi entropy at any temperature. Read More

General Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity with a cosmological constant allows two (A)dS spacetimes as its vacuum solutions. We find a critical point in the parameter space where the two (A)dS spacetimes coalesce into one and the linearized perturbations lack any bilinear kinetic terms. The vacuum perturbations hence loose their interpretation as linear graviton modes at the critical point. Read More

We study sum uncertainty relations for arbitrary finite $N$ quantum mechanical observables. Some uncertainty inequalities are presented by using skew information introduced by Wigner and Yanase. These uncertainty inequalities are nontrivial as long as the observables are mutually noncommutative. Read More

We present results from the the first campaign of dedicated solar observations undertaken by the \textit{Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope ARray} ({\em NuSTAR}) hard X-ray telescope. Designed as an astrophysics mission, {\em NuSTAR} nonetheless has the capability of directly imaging the Sun at hard X-ray energies ($>$3~keV) with an increase in sensitivity of at least two magnitude compared to current non-focusing telescopes. In this paper we describe the scientific areas where \textit{NuSTAR} will make major improvements on existing solar measurements. Read More

We report details of single crystal growth of stoichiometric bismuthide PtBi$_2$ whose structure consists of alternate stacking of Pt layer sandwiched by Bi bilayer along the $c$-axis. The compound crystallizes in space group P-3 with a hexagonal unit cell of $a$=$b$=6.553$\AA$, $c$=6. Read More

In this paper, we study the entanglement entropy in a large class of states of two-dimensional conformal field theory in the the large central charge limit. This class of states includes the states created by the insertion of a finite number of local heavy operators. By using the monodromy analysis, we obtain the leading order entanglement entropy for the general state. Read More

Guided waves and surface waves can be taken as two typical examples of structured optical fields with the transverse spin. Analytical derivations are developed to demonstrate that (i) guided waves also carry the transverse spin that depends on the mean direction of propagation, which may have important applications in spin-dependent unidirectional optical interfaces; (ii) the quantization form of the transverse spin is for the first time revealed, which is not obvious and related to an ellipticity; (iii) from a unified point of view, the transverse spin can be attributed to the presence of an effective rest mass of structured optical fields; (iv) the transverse spin can also be described by the spin matrix of the photon field; (v) unlike a free optical field whose spin projection on the propagation direction is the only observable, owing to the effective rest mass, the spin projection of structured optical fields on other directions is also an observable, such that one can develop an optical analogy of spintronics. A preliminary idea about the potential applications of the transverse spin is presented, but an in-depth and complete study will be presented in our next work. Read More

An observation from the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph reveals coherent oscillations in the loops of an M1.6 flare on 2015 March 12. Both the intensity and Doppler shift of Fe~{\sc{xxi}}~1354. Read More

We consider Gauss-Bonnet (GB) gravity in general dimensions, which is non-minimally coupled to a scalar field. By choosing the scalar potential of the type $V(\phi)=2\Lambda_0+\fft 12m^2\phi^2+\gamma_4\phi^4$, we first obtain large classes of scalar hairy black holes with spherical/hyperbolic/planar topologies that are asymptotic to locally anti-de Sitter (AdS) space-times. We derive the first law of black hole thermodynamics using Wald formalism. Read More

It is generally believed that the semiclassical AdS$_3$ higher spin gravity could be described by a two dimensional conformal field theory with ${\cal{W}}$-algebra symmetry in the large central charge limit. In this paper, we study the single interval entanglement entropy on the torus in the CFT with a ${\cW}_3$ deformation. More generally we develop the monodromy analysis to compute the two-point function of the light operators under a thermal density matrix with a ${\cW}_3$ chemical potential to the leading order. Read More

Jets present ubiquitously in both quiet and active regions on the Sun. They are widely believed to be driven by magnetic reconnection. A fan-spine structure has been frequently reported in some coronal jets and flares, regarded as a signature of ongoing magnetic reconnection in a topology consisting of a magnetic null connected by a fan-like separatrix surface and a spine. Read More

We study the global structure of some exact scalar hairy dynamical black holes which were constructed in Einstein gravity either minimally or non-minimally coupled to a scalar field. We find that both the apparent horizon and the local event horizon (measured in luminosity coordinate) monotonically increase with the advanced time as well as the Vaidya mass. At late advanced times, the apparent horizon approaches the event horizon and gradually becomes future outer. Read More

We consider Einstein gravity minimally coupled to a scalar field with a given potential in general dimensions. We obtain large classes of static hairy planar black holes which are asymptotic to AdS space-times. In particular, for a special case $\mu=(n-2)/2$, we obtain new classes of exact dynamical solutions describing black holes formation. Read More

In this paper, we consider three problems about signs of the Fourier coefficients of a cusp form $\mathfrak{f}$ with half-integral weight:\begin{itemize}\item[--]The first negative coefficient of the sequence $\{\mathfrak{a}\_{\mathfrak{f}}(tn^2)\}\_{n\in \N}$,\item[--]The number of coefficients $\mathfrak{a}\_{\mathfrak{f}}(tn^2)$ of same signs,\item[--]Non-vanishing of coefficients $\mathfrak{a}\_{\mathfrak{f}}(tn^2)$ in short intervals and in arithmetic progressions,\end{itemize}where $\mathfrak{a}\_{\mathfrak{f}}(n)$ is the $n$-th Fourier coefficient of $\mathfrak{f}$ and $t$ is a square-free integersuch that $\mathfrak{a}\_{\mathfrak{f}}(t)\not=0$. Read More

In this paper, we study monotonicity of eigenvalues of Laplacian-type operator $-\Delta+cR$, where $c$ is a constant, along the Ricci-Bourguignon flow. For $c\neq0$, We derive monotonicity of the lowest eigenvalue of Laplacian-type operator $-\Delta+cR$ which generalizes some results of Cao \cite{Cao2007}. For $c=0$, We derive monotonicity of the first eigenvalue of Laplacian which generalizes some results of Ma \cite{Ma2006}. Read More

Affiliations: 1Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA, USA, 2National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA, USA, 3Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA, USA, 4New Jersey Institute of Technology, Newark, NJ, USA, 5University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA, 6University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA

Solar flares - the most powerful explosions in the solar system - are also efficient particle accelerators, capable of energizing a large number of charged particles to relativistic speeds. A termination shock is often invoked in the standard model of solar flares as a possible driver for particle acceleration, yet its existence and role have remained controversial. We present observations of a solar flare termination shock and trace its morphology and dynamics using high-cadence radio imaging spectroscopy. Read More

Einstein's General Relativity theory simplifies dramatically in the limit that the spacetime dimension D is very large. This could still be true in the gravity theory with higher derivative terms. In this paper, as the first step to study the gravity with a Gauss-Bonnet(GB) term, we compute the quasi-normal modes of the spherically symmetric GB black hole in the large D limit. Read More

The effect of gravitational Faraday rotation was predicted in the 1950s, but there is currently no practical method for measuring this effect. Measuring this effect is important because it will provide new evidence for correctness of general relativity, in particular, in the strong field limit. We predict that the observed degree and angle of the X-ray polarization of a cosmologically distant quasar microlensed by the random star field in a foreground galaxy or cluster lens vary rapidly and concurrently with flux during caustic-crossing events using the first simulation of quasar X-ray microlensing polarization light curves. Read More

We formulate uncertainty relations for arbitrary $N$ observables. Two uncertainty inequalities are presented in terms of the sum of variances and standard deviations, respectively. The lower bounds of the corresponding sum uncertainty relations are explicitly derived. Read More

Oxide thin films exhibit versatile physical properties such as magnetism, ferroelectricity, piezoelectricity, metal-insulator transition (MIT), multiferroicity, colossal magnetoresistivity, switchable resistivity, etc. More importantly, the exhibited multifunctionality could be tuned by various external fields, which has enabled demonstration of novel electronic devices. In this article, recent studies of the multi-fields modulation of physical properties in oxide thin films have been reviewed. Read More

The stannide family of materials A3T4Sn13 (A = La,Sr,Ca, T = Ir,Rh) is interesting due to the interplay between a tunable lattice instability and phonon-mediated superconductivity with Tc ~ 5-7 K. In Sr3Ir4Sn13 a structural transition temperature T* ~ 147 K associated with this instability has been reported, which is believed to result from a superlattice distortion of the high temperature phase on cooling. Here we report the first experimental study of the electronic structure of a member of this material family - Sr3Ir4Sn13 through measurements of quantum oscillations and comparison with density functional theory calculations. Read More

The 1-loop partition function of the handle-body solutions in the AdS$_3$ gravity have been derived some years ago using the heat-kernel and the method of images. In the semiclassical limit, such partition function should correspond to the order $O (c^0)$ part in the partition function of dual conformal field theory on the boundary Riemann surface. The higher genus partition function could be computed by the multi-point functions in the Riemann sphere via sewing prescription. Read More

The physical properties of CsNi$_{2}$Se$_{2}$ were characterized by electrical resistivity, magnetization and specific heat measurements. We found that the stoichiometric CsNi$_{2}$Se$_{2}$ compound is a superconductor with a transition temperature \textit{T$_{c}$}=2.7K. Read More