Benne Willem Holwerda - Space Telescope Science Institute

Benne Willem Holwerda
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Benne Willem Holwerda
Space Telescope Science Institute
United States

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Astrophysics of Galaxies (36)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (30)
Physics - Physics and Society (1)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Benne Willem Holwerda

We present predictions for the galaxy-galaxy lensing profile from the EAGLE hydrodynamical cosmological simulation at redshift z=0.18, in the spatial range 0.02 < R/(Mpc/h) < 2, and for five logarithmically equi-spaced stellar mass bins in the range 10. Read More

Verlinde (2016) proposed that the observed excess gravity in galaxies and clusters is the consequence of Emergent Gravity (EG). In this theory the standard gravitational laws are modified on galactic and larger scales due to the displacement of dark energy by baryonic matter. EG gives an estimate of the excess gravity (described as an apparent dark matter density) in terms of the baryonic mass distribution and the Hubble parameter. Read More

We have examined the resolved stellar populations at large galactocentric distances along the minor axis (from 10 kpc up to between 40 and 75 kpc), with limited major axis coverage, of six nearby highly-inclined Milky Way-mass disc galaxies using HST data from the GHOSTS survey. We select red giant branch stars to derive stellar halo density profiles. The projected minor axis density profiles can be approximated by power laws with projected slopes of between $-2$ and $-3. Read More

There exist conflicting observations on whether or not the environment of broad and narrow line AGN differ and this consequently questions the validity of the AGN unification model. The high spectroscopic completeness of the GAMA survey makes it ideal for a comprehensive analysis of the close environment of galaxies. To exploit this, and conduct a comparative analysis of the environment of broad and narrow line AGN within GAMA, we use a double-Gaussian emission line fitting method to model the more complex line profiles associated with broad line AGN. Read More

Authors: Demitri Muna, Michael Alexander, Alice Allen, Richard Ashley, Daniel Asmus, Ruyman Azzollini, Michele Bannister, Rachael Beaton, Andrew Benson, G. Bruce Berriman, Maciej Bilicki, Peter Boyce, Joanna Bridge, Jan Cami, Eryn Cangi, Xian Chen, Nicholas Christiny, Christopher Clark, Michelle Collins, Johan Comparat, Neil Cook, Darren Croton, Isak Delberth Davids, Éric Depagne, John Donor, Leonardo A. dos Santos, Stephanie Douglas, Alan Du, Meredith Durbin, Dawn Erb, Daniel Faes, J. G. Fernández-Trincado, Anthony Foley, Sotiria Fotopoulou, Søren Frimann, Peter Frinchaboy, Rafael Garcia-Dias, Artur Gawryszczak, Elizabeth George, Sebastian Gonzalez, Karl Gordon, Nicholas Gorgone, Catherine Gosmeyer, Katie Grasha, Perry Greenfield, Rebekka Grellmann, James Guillochon, Mark Gurwell, Marcel Haas, Alex Hagen, Daryl Haggard, Tim Haines, Patrick Hall, Wojciech Hellwing, Edmund Christian Herenz, Samuel Hinton, Renee Hlozek, John Hoffman, Derek Holman, Benne Willem Holwerda, Anthony Horton, Cameron Hummels, Daniel Jacobs, Jens Juel Jensen, David Jones, Arna Karick, Luke Kelley, Matthew Kenworthy, Ben Kitchener, Dominik Klaes, Saul Kohn, Piotr Konorski, Coleman Krawczyk, Kyler Kuehn, Teet Kuutma, Michael T. Lam, Richard Lane, Jochen Liske, Diego Lopez-Camara, Katherine Mack, Sam Mangham, Qingqing Mao, David J. E. Marsh, Cecilia Mateu, Loïc Maurin, James McCormac, Ivelina Momcheva, Hektor Monteiro, Michael Mueller, Roberto Munoz, Rohan Naidu, Nicholas Nelson, Christian Nitschelm, Chris North, Juan Nunez-Iglesias, Sara Ogaz, Russell Owen, John Parejko, Vera Patrício, Joshua Pepper, Marshall Perrin, Timothy Pickering, Jennifer Piscionere, Richard Pogge, Radek Poleski, Alkistis Pourtsidou, Adrian M. Price-Whelan, Meredith L. Rawls, Shaun Read, Glen Rees, Hanno Rein, Thomas Rice, Signe Riemer-Sørensen, Naum Rusomarov, Sebastian F. Sanchez, Miguel Santander-García, Gal Sarid, William Schoenell, Aleks Scholz, Robert L. Schuhmann, William Schuster, Peter Scicluna, Marja Seidel, Lijing Shao, Pranav Sharma, Aleksandar Shulevski, David Shupe, Cristóbal Sifón, Brooke Simmons, Manodeep Sinha, Ian Skillen, Bjoern Soergel, Thomas Spriggs, Sundar Srinivasan, Abigail Stevens, Ole Streicher, Eric Suchyta, Joshua Tan, O. Grace Telford, Romain Thomas, Chiara Tonini, Grant Tremblay, Sarah Tuttle, Tanya Urrutia, Sam Vaughan, Miguel Verdugo, Alexander Wagner, Josh Walawender, Andrew Wetzel, Kyle Willett, Peter K. G. Williams, Guang Yang, Guangtun Zhu, Andrea Zonca

The Astropy Project ( is, in its own words, "a community effort to develop a single core package for Astronomy in Python and foster interoperability between Python astronomy packages." For five years this project has been managed, written, and operated as a grassroots, self-organized, almost entirely volunteer effort while the software is used by the majority of the astronomical community. Read More

We build on a recent photometric decomposition analysis of 7506 Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey galaxies to derive stellar mass function fits to individual spheroid and disk component populations down to a lower mass limit of log(M_*/M_sun)= 8. We find that the spheroid/disk mass distributions for individual galaxy morphological types are well described by single Schechter function forms. We derive estimates of the total stellar mass densities in spheroids (rho_spheroid = 1. Read More

Using single-component fits to SDSS/UKIDSS images of galaxies in the G09 region of the GAMA survey we study radial colour gradients across the galaxy population. We use the multiwavelength information provided by MegaMorph analysis of galaxy light profiles to calculate intrinsic colour gradients, and divide into six subsamples split by overall S\'{e}rsic index ($n$) and galaxy colour. We find a bimodality in the colour gradients of high- and low-$n$ galaxies in all wavebands, which varies with overall galaxy luminosity. Read More

Despite containing about a half of the total matter in the Universe, at most wavelengths the filamentary structure of the cosmic web is difficult to observe. In this work, we use large unigrid cosmological simulations to investigate how the geometrical, thermodynamical and magnetic properties of cosmological filaments vary with mass and redshift (z $\leq 1$). We find that the average temperature, length, volume and magnetic field of filaments are tightly log-log correlated with the underlying total gravitational mass. Read More

With a large sample of bright, low-redshift galaxies with optical$-$near-IR imaging from the GAMA survey we use bulge-disc decompositions to understand the wavelength-dependent behavior of single-S\'ersic structural measurements. We denote the variation in single-S\'ersic index with wavelength as $\mathcal{N}$, likewise for effective radius we use $\mathcal{R}$. We find that most galaxies with a substantial disc, even those with no discernable bulge, display a high value of $\mathcal{N}$. Read More

Galaxies and their dark matter haloes are part of a complex network of mass structures, collectively called the cosmic web. Using the tidal tensor prescription these structures can be classified into four cosmic environments: voids, sheets, filaments and knots. As the cosmic web may influence the formation and evolution of dark matter haloes and the galaxies they host, we aim to study the effect of these cosmic environments on the average mass of galactic haloes. Read More

We look for correlated changes in stellar mass and star formation rate along filaments in the cosmic web by examining the stellar masses and UV-derived star formation rates (SFR) of 1,799 ungrouped and unpaired spiral galaxies that reside in filaments. We devise multiple distance metrics to characterise the complex geometry of filaments, and find that galaxies closer to the cylindrical centre of a filament have higher stellar masses than their counterparts near the periphery of filaments, on the edges of voids. In addition, these peripheral spiral galaxies have higher specific star formation rates (SSFR) at a given mass. Read More

We report an expanded sample of visual morphological classifications from the Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey phase two, which now includes 7,556 objects (previously 3,727 in phase one). We define a local (z <0.06) sample and classify galaxies into E, S0-Sa, SB0-SBa, Sab-Scd, SBab-SBcd, Sd-Irr, and "little blue spheroid" types. Read More

We study the individual evolution histories of three nearby low-mass edge-on galaxies (IC 5052, NGC4244, and NGC5023). Using resolved stellar populations, we constructed star count density maps for populations of different ages and analyzed the change of structural parameters with stellar age within each galaxy. We do not detect a separate thick disk in any of the three galaxies, even though our observations cover a wider range in equivalent surface brightness than any integrated light study. Read More

We study how the sizes and radial profiles of galaxies vary with wavelength, by fitting Sersic functions simultaneously to imaging in nine optical and near-infrared bands. To quantify the wavelength dependence of effective radius we use the ratio, $\mathcal{R}$, of measurements in two restframe bands. The dependence of Sersic index on wavelength, $\mathcal{N}$, is computed correspondingly. Read More

We present the GAMA Panchromatic Data Release (PDR) constituting over 230deg$^2$ of imaging with photometry in 21 bands extending from the far-UV to the far-IR. These data complement our spectroscopic campaign of over 300k galaxies, and are compiled from observations with a variety of facilities including: GALEX, SDSS, VISTA, WISE, and Herschel, with the GAMA regions currently being surveyed by VST and scheduled for observations by ASKAP. These data are processed to a common astrometric solution, from which photometry is derived for 221,373 galaxies with r<19. Read More

We study the stellar halo color properties of six nearby massive highly inclined disk galaxies using Hubble Space Telescope Advanced Camera for Surveys and Wide Field Camera 3 observations in both F606W and F814W filters from the GHOSTS survey. The observed fields, placed both along the minor and major axis of each galaxy, probe the stellar outskirts out to projected distances of ~ 50-70 kpc from their galactic centre along the minor axis. The 50% completeness levels of the color magnitude diagrams are typically at two mag below the tip of the red giant branch. Read More

We present images from the Solar Blind Channel on HST that resolve hundreds of far ultraviolet (FUV) emitting stars in two ~1 kpc$^2$ interarm regions of the grand-design spiral M101. The luminosity functions of these stars are compared with predicted distributions from simple star formation histories, and are best reproduced when the star formation rate has declined recently (past 10-50 Myr). This pattern is consistent with stars forming within spiral arms and then streaming into the interarm regions. Read More

One of the most challenging aspects of studying galaxies in the z>~7 universe is the infrequent confirmation of their redshifts through spectroscopy, a phenomenon thought to occur from the increasing opacity of the intergalactic medium to Lya photons at z>6.5. The resulting redshift uncertainties inhibit the efficient search for [C II] in z~7 galaxies with sub-mm instruments such as ALMA, given their limited scan speed for faint lines. Read More

In recent years multi-wavelength observations have shown the presence of substructures related to merging events in a high fraction of galaxy clusters. Clusters can be roughly grouped into two categories -- relaxed and non-relaxed -- and a proper characterisation of the dynamical state of these systems is of crucial importance both for astrophysical and cosmological studies. In this paper we investigate the use of a number of morphological parameters (Gini, $M_{20}$, Concentration, Asymmetry, Smoothness, Ellipticity and Gini of the second order moment, $G_{M}$) introduced to automatically classify clusters as relaxed or dynamically disturbed systems. Read More

Using 3.6$\mu$m images of 97 early-type galaxies, we develop and verify methodology to measure globular cluster populations from the S$^4$G survey images. We find that 1) the ratio, T$_{\rm N}$, of the number of clusters, N$_{\rm CL}$, to parent galaxy stellar mass, M$_*$, rises weakly with M$_*$ for early-type galaxies with M$_* > 10^{10}$ M$_\odot$ when we calculate galaxy masses using a universal stellar initial mass function (IMF), but that the dependence of T$_{\rm N}$ on M$_*$ is removed entirely once we correct for the recently uncovered systematic variation of IMF with M$_*$, and 2) for M$_* < 10^{10}$ M$_\odot$ there is no trend between N$_{\rm CL}$ and M$_*$, the scatter in T$_{\rm N}$ is significantly larger (approaching 2 orders of magnitude), and there is evidence to support a previous, independent suggestion of two families of galaxies. Read More

We have measured the radial light profiles and global shapes of bars using two-dimensional 3.6 $\mu m $ image decompositions for 144 face-on barred galaxies from the Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure in Galaxies (S4G). The bar surface brightness profile is correlated with the stellar mass and bulge-to-total (B/T) ratio of their host galaxies. Read More

We have produced $3.6\mu{\rm m}+4.5\mu{\rm m}$ vertically integrated radial luminosity profiles of 69 edge-on galaxies from the Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure in Galaxies (S$^4$G). Read More

We present a catalogue and images of visually detected features, such as asymmetries, extensions, warps, shells, tidal tails, polar rings, and obvious signs of mergers or interactions, in the faint outer regions (at and outside of R_25) of nearby galaxies. This catalogue can be used in future quantitative studies that examine galaxy evolution due to internal and external factors. We are able to reliably detect outer region features down to a brightness level of 0. Read More


Recently, a small sample of six $z\sim9-10$ candidates was discovered in CANDELS that are $\sim10-20\times$ more luminous than any of the previous $z\sim9-10$ galaxies identified over the HUDF/XDF and CLASH fields. We measure the sizes of these candidates to map out the size evolution of galaxies from the earliest observable times. Their sizes are also used to provide a valuable constraint on whether these unusual galaxy candidates are at high redshift. Read More

[Abbreviated] We present the largest search to date for $z\sim8$ Lyman break galaxies (LBGs) based on 350 arcmin$^2$ of HST observations in the V-, Y-, J- and H-bands from the Brightest of Reionizing Galaxies (BoRG) survey. The BoRG dataset includes $\sim$50 arcmin$^2$ of new data and deeper observations of two previous BoRG pointings, from which we present 9 new $z\sim8$ LBG candidates, bringing the total number of BoRG LBGs to 38 with $25.5\leqslant m_{J} \leqslant 27. Read More

Based on data from the Galaxy and Mass Assembly (GAMA) survey, we report on the discovery of structures that we refer to as `tendrils' of galaxies: coherent, thin chains of galaxies that are rooted in filaments and terminate in neighbouring filaments or voids. On average, tendrils contain 6 galaxies and span 10 $h^{-1}$ Mpc. We use the so-called line correlation function to prove that tendrils represent real structures rather than accidental alignments. Read More

(Abridged) The effective extinction law (attenuation behavior) in galaxies in the emitted ultraviolet is well known only for actively star-forming objects and combines effects of the grain properties, fine structure in the dust distribution, and relative distributions of stars and dust. We use GALEX, XMM Optical Monitor, and HST data to explore the UV attenuation in the outer parts of spiral disks which are backlit by other UV-bright galaxies, starting with candidates provided by Galaxy Zoo participants. Our analysis incorporates galaxy symmetry, using non-overlapping regions of each galaxy to derive error estimates on the attenuation measurements. Read More

We have mapped the distribution of young and old stars in the gaseous HI warp of NGC 4565. We find a clear correlation of young stars (<600 Myr) with the warp, but no coincident old stars (>1 Gyr), which places an upper limit on the age of the structure. The formation rate of the young stars, which increased ~300 Myr ago relative to the surrounding regions, is (6. Read More

We report the discovery of a new faint dwarf galaxy, GHOSTS I, using HST/ACS data from one of our GHOSTS (Galaxy Halos, Outer disks, Substructure, Thick disk, and Star clusters) fields. Its detected individual stars populate an approximately one magnitude range of its luminosity function (LF). Using synthetic color-magnitude diagrams (CMDs) to compare with the galaxy's CMD, we find that the colors and magnitudes of GHOSTS I's individual stars are most consistent with being young helium-burning and asymptotic giant branch stars at a distance of 12 +/- 2 Mpc. Read More

Stellar bars can lead to gas inflow toward the center of a galaxy and stimulate nuclear star formation. However, there is no compelling evidence on whether they also feed a central supermassive black hole: by measuring the fractions of barred active and inactive galaxies, previous studies have yielded conflicting results. In this paper, we aim to understand the lack of observational evidence for bar-driven active galactic nucleus (AGN) activity by studying a sample of 41 nearby (d < 35 Mpc) barred galaxies from the Spitzer Survey for Stellar Structure in Galaxies. Read More

We study the m=1 distortions (lopsidedness) in the stellar components of 167 nearby galaxies that span a wide range of morphologies and luminosities. We confirm the previous findings of 1) a high incidence of lopsidedness in the stellar distributions, 2) increasing lopsidedness as a function of radius out to at least 3.5 exponential scale lengths, and 3) greater lopsidedness, over these radii, for galaxies of later type and lower surface brightness. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of Michigan, 2University of Michigan, 3University of Washington, 4AIP, 5AIP, 6University of Michigan, 7University of Washington, 8ESA-ESTEC, 9AIP

We study the properties of the stellar populations in M81's outermost part, which hereafter we will term the stellar halo, using HST ACS/WFC observations of 19 fields from the GHOSTS survey. The observed fields probe the stellar halo out to a projected distance of ~ 50 kpc from the galactic center. Each field was observed in both F606W and F814W filters. Read More

Analysis of galaxies with overlapping images offers a direct way to probe the distribution of dust extinction and its effects on the background light. We present a catalog of 1990 such galaxy pairs selected from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) by volunteers of the Galaxy Zoo project. We highlight subsamples which are particularly useful for retrieving such properties of the dust distribution as UV extinction, the extent perpendicular to the disk plane, and extinction in the inner parts of disks. Read More

Breaks in the radial luminosity profiles of galaxies have been until now mostly studied averaged over discs. Here we study separately breaks in thin and thick discs in 70 edge-on galaxies using imaging from the Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure in Galaxies. We built luminosity profiles of the thin and the thick discs parallel to midplanes and we found that thin discs often truncate (77%). Read More

We present a full analysis of the Probing Evolution And Reionization Spectroscopically (PEARS) slitess grism spectroscopic data obtained with the Advanced Camera for Surveys on HST. PEARS covers fields within both the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey (GOODS) North and South fields, making it ideal as a random survey of galaxies, as well as the availability of a wide variety of ancillary observations to support the spectroscopic results. Using the PEARS data we are able to identify star forming galaxies within the redshift volume 0< z<1. Read More

The mechanism causing breaks in the radial surface brightness distribution of spiral galaxies is not yet well known. Despite theoretical efforts, there is not a unique explanation for these features and the observational results are not conclusive. In an attempt to address this problem, we have selected a sample of 34 highly inclined spiral galaxies present both in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and in the Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure in Galaxies. Read More

We analyzed the radial surface brightness profile of the spiral galaxy NGC 7793 using HST/ACS images from the GHOSTS survey and a new HST/WFC3 image across the disk break. We used the photometry of resolved stars to select distinct populations covering a wide range of stellar ages. We found breaks in the radial profiles of all stellar populations at 280" (~5. Read More

We examine the effect of circumstellar dust extinction on the near-IR contribution of asymptotic giant branch (AGB) stars in intermediate-age clusters throughout the disk of M100. For our sample of 17 AGB-dominated clusters we extract optical-to-mid-IR SEDs and find that NIR brightness is coupled to the mid-IR dust emission in such a way that a significant reduction of AGB light, of up to 1 mag in K-band, follows from extinction by the dust shell formed during this stage. Since the dust optical depth varies with AGB chemistry (C-rich or O-rich), our results suggest that the contribution of AGB stars to the flux from their host clusters will be closely linked to the metallicity and the progenitor mass of the AGB star, to which dust chemistry and mass-loss rate are sensitive. Read More

Most, if not all, disk galaxies have a thin (classical) disk and a thick disk. In most models thick disks are thought to be a necessary consequence of the disk formation and/or evolution of the galaxy. We present the results of a study of the thick disk properties in a sample of carefully selected edge-on galaxies with types ranging from T=3 to T=8. Read More

NGC 4013 is a nearby Sb edge-on galaxy known for its "prodigious" HI warp and its "giant" tidal stream. Previous work on this unusual object shows that it cannot be fitted satisfactorily by a canonical thin+thick disk structure. We have produced a new decomposition of NGC 4013, considering three stellar flattened components (thin+thick disk plus an extra and more extended component) and one gaseous disk. Read More

If thick disks are ubiquitous and a natural product of disk galaxy formation and/or evolution processes, all undisturbed galaxies which have evolved during a significant fraction of a Hubble time should have a thick disk. The late-type spiral galaxy NGC 4244 has been reported as the only nearby edge-on galaxy without a confirmed thick disk. Using data from the Spitzer Survey of Stellar Structure in Galaxies (S4G) we have identified signs of two disk components in this galaxy. Read More

Authors: Asantha Cooray, Steve Eales, Scott Chapman, David L. Clements, Olivier Dore, Duncan Farrah, Matt J. Jarvis, Manoj Kaplinghat, Mattia Negrello, Alessandro Melchiorri, Hiranya Peiris, Alexandra Pope, Mario G. Santos, Stephen Serjeant, Mark Thompson, Glenn White, Alexandre Amblard, Manda Banerji, Pier-Stefano Corasaniti, Sudeep Das, Francesco de_Bernardis, Gianfranco de_Zotti, Tommaso Giannantonio, Joaquin Gonzalez-Nuevo Gonzalez, Ali Ahmad Khostovan, Ketron Mitchell-Wynne, Paolo Serra, Yong-Seon Song, Joaquin Vieira, Lingyu Wang, Michael Zemcov, Filipe Abdalla, Jose Afonso, Nabila Aghanim, Paola Andreani, Itziar Aretxaga, Robbie Auld, Maarten Baes, Andrew Baker, Denis Barkats, R. Belen Barreiro, Nicola Bartolo, Elizabeth Barton, Sudhanshu Barway, Elia Stefano Battistelli, Carlton Baugh, Alexander Beelen, Karim Benabed, Andrew Blain, Joss Bland-Hawthorn, James~J. Bock, J. Richard Bond, Julian Borrill, Colin Borys, Alessandro Boselli, Francois R. Bouchet, Carrie Bridge, Fabrizio Brighenti, Veronique Buat, David Buote, Denis Burgarella, Robert Bussmann, Erminia Calabrese, Christopher Cantalupo, Raymond Carlberg, Carla Sofia Carvalho, Caitlin Casey, Antonio Cava, Jordi Cepa, Edward Chapin, Ranga Ram Chary, Xuelei Chen, Sergio Colafrancesco, Shaun Cole, Peter Coles, Alexander Conley, Luca Conversi, Jeff Cooke, Steven Crawford, Catherine Cress, Elisabete da Cunha, Gavin Dalton, Luigi Danese, Helmut Dannerbauer, Jonathan Davies, Paolo de Bernardis, Roland de Putter, Mark Devlin, Jose M. Diego, Herve Dole, Marian Douspis, Joanna Dunkley, James Dunlop, Loretta Dunne, Rolando Dunner, Simon Dye, George Efstathiou, Eiichi Egami, Taotao Fang, Patrizia Ferrero, Alberto Franceschini, Christopher C. Frazer, David Frayer, Carlos Frenk, Ken Ganga, Raphael Gavazzi, Jason Glenn, Yan Gong, Eduardo Gonzalez-Solares, Matt Griffin, Qi Guo, Mark Gurwell, Amir Hajian, Mark Halpern, Duncan Hanson, Martin Hardcastle, Evanthia Hatziminaoglou, Alan Heavens, Sebastien Heinis, Diego Herranz, Matt Hilton, Shirley Ho, Benne W. Holwerda, Rosalind Hopwood, Jonathan Horner, Kevin Huffenberger, David H. Hughes, John P. Hughes, Edo Ibar, Rob Ivison, Neal Jackson, Andrew Jaffe, Timothy Jenness, Gilles Joncas, Shahab Joudaki, Sugata Kaviraj, Sam Kim, Lindsay King, Theodore Kisner, Johan Knapen, Alexei Kniazev, Eiichiro Komatsu, Leon Koopmans, Chao-Lin Kuo, Cedric Lacey, Ofer Lahav, Anthony N. Lasenby, Andy Lawrence, Myung Gyoon Lee, Lerothodi L. Leeuw, Louis R. Levenson, Geraint Lewis, Nicola Loaring, Marcos Lopez-Caniego, Steve Maddox, Tobias Marriage, Gaelen Marsden, Enrique Martinez-Gonzalez, Silvia Masi, Sabino Matarrese, William G. Mathews, Shuji Matsuura, Richard McMahon, Yannick Mellier, Felipe Menanteau, Michal~J. Michalowski, Marius Millea, Bahram Mobasher, Subhanjoy Mohanty, Ludovic Montier, Kavilan Moodley, Gerald H. Moriarty-Schieven, Angela Mortier, Dipak Munshi, Eric Murphy, Kirpal Nandra, Paolo Natoli, Hien Nguyen, Seb Oliver, Alain Omont, Lyman Page, Mathew Page, Roberta Paladini, Stefania Pandolfi, Enzo Pascale, Guillaume Patanchon, John Peacock, Chris Pearson, Ismael Perez-Fournon, Pablo G. Perez-Gonz, Francesco Piacentini, Elena Pierpaoli, Michael Pohlen, Etienne Pointecouteau, Gianluca Polenta, Jason Rawlings, Erik~D. Reese, Emma Rigby, Giulia Rodighiero, Encarni Romero-Colmenero, Isaac Roseboom, Michael Rowan-Robinson, Miguel Sanchez-Portal, Fabian Schmidt, Michael Schneider, Bernhard Schulz, Douglas Scott, Chris Sedgwick, Neelima Sehgal, Nick Seymour, Blake~D. Sherwin, Jo Short, David Shupe, Jonathan Sievers, Ramin Skibba, Joseph Smidt, Anthony Smith, Daniel J. B. Smith, Matthew W. L. Smith, David Spergel, Suzanne Staggs, Jason Stevens, Eric Switzer, Toshinobu Takagi, Tsutomu Takeuchi, Pasquale Temi, Markos Trichas, Corrado Trigilio, Katherine Tugwell, Grazia Umana, William Vacca, Mattia Vaccari, Petri Vaisanen, Ivan Valtchanov, Kurt van der Heyden, Paul P. van der Werf, Eelco van_Kampen, Ludovic van_Waerbeke, Simona Vegetti, Marcella Veneziani, Licia Verde, Aprajita Verma, Patricio Vielva, Marco P. Viero, Baltasar Vila Vilaro, Julie Wardlow, Grant Wilson, Edward L. Wright, C. Kevin Xu, Min S. Yun

A large sub-mm survey with Herschel will enable many exciting science opportunities, especially in an era of wide-field optical and radio surveys and high resolution cosmic microwave background experiments. The Herschel-SPIRE Legacy Survey (HSLS), will lead to imaging data over 4000 sq. degrees at 250, 350, and 500 micron. Read More

We analyze warps in the nearby edge-on spiral galaxies observed in the {\em Spitzer/IRAC} 4.5 micron band. In our sample of 24 galaxies we find evidence of warp in 14 galaxies. Read More