Bao Zhao

Bao Zhao
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Bao Zhao

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Quantum Physics (6)
Physics - Materials Science (3)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)

Publications Authored By Bao Zhao

Electronic and topological properties of MoS2 monolayers endowed with 3d transition metal (TM) adatoms (V-Fe) are explored by using ab initio methods and k.p models. Without the consideration of the Hubbard U interaction, the V, Cr, and Fe adatoms tend to locate on the top of the Mo atoms, while the most stable site for the Mn atom is at the hollow position of the Mo-S hexagon. Read More

A novel topological insulator with tunable edge states, called quantum spin-quantum anomalous Hall (QSQAH) insulator, is predicted in a heterostructure of a hydrogenated Sb (SbH) monolayer on a LaFeO3 substrate by using ab initio methods. The substrate induces a drastic staggered exchange field in the SbH film, which plays an important role to generate the QSQAH effect. A topologically nontrivial band gap (up to 35 meV) is opened by Rashba spin-orbit coupling, which can be enlarged by strain and electric field. Read More

We investigate the relation between the entanglement and the robustness of a multipartite system to a depolarization noise. We find that the robustness of a two-qubit system in an arbitrary pure state depends completely on its entanglement. However, this is not always true in a three-qubit system. Read More

We explore the connection between quantum brachistochrone (time-optimal) evolution of a three-qubit system and its residual entanglement called three-tangle. The result shows that the entanglement between two qubits is not required for some brachistochrone evolutions of a three-qubit system. However, the evolution between two distinct states cannot be implemented without its three-tangle, except for the trivial cases in which less than three qubits attend evolution. Read More

We propose an efficient faithful polarization-state transmission scheme by utilizing frequency degree of freedom besides polarization and an additional qubit prepared in a fixed polarization. An arbitrary single-photon polarization state is protected against the collective noise probabilistically. With the help of frequency beam splitter and frequency shifter, the success probability of our faithful qubit transmission scheme with frequency degree of freedom can be 1/2 in principle. Read More

We present two robust quantum key distribution protocols against two kinds of collective noise, following some ideas in quantum dense coding. Three-qubit entangled states are used as quantum information carriers, two of which forming the logical qubit which is invariant with a special type of collective noise. The information is encoded on logical qubits with four unitary operations, which can be read out faithfully with Bell-state analysis on two physical qubits and a single-photon measurement on the other physical qubit, not three-photon joint measurements. Read More

We present a scheme for multipartite entanglement purification of quantum systems in a Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger state with quantum nondemolition detectors (QNDs). This scheme does not require the controlled-not gates which cannot be implemented perfectly with linear optical elements at present, but QNDs based on cross-Kerr nonlinearities. It works with two steps, i. Read More

We present a stable and deterministic quantum key distribution (QKD) system based on differential phase shift. With three cascaded Mach-Zehnder interferometers with different arm-length differences for creating key, its key creation efficiency can be improved to be 7/8, more than other systems. Any birefringence effects and polarization-dependent losses in the long-distance fiber are automatically compensated with a Faraday mirror. Read More

The magnetoresistance, the number of the localized electrons, and the s-wave scattering phase shift at the Fermi level for the s-d model with arbitrary impurity spin are obtained in the ground state. To obtain above results some known exact results of the Bethe ansatz method are used. As the impurity spin S = 1/2, our results coincide with those obtained by Ishii \textit{et al%}. Read More

A quantum N-body problem with 2-component in (2+1)-dimension deduced from integrable model in (2+1) dimension is investigated. The Davey-Stewartson 1(DS1) system[Proc. R. Read More

Making use of symmetry properties and known exact results for the Hubbard Model on bipartite lattice, we show that (1) there is no phase separation for repulsive coupling at low dopings, (2) phase separation and superconductivity co-exist in the ground states for attractive coupling in a range of filling fractions. Read More

It has been shown that the electron system with ODLRO in the reduced density matrix $\rho _2$ can not support a uniform magnetic field, i.e., ODLRO\ in $% \rho _2$ implies the Meissner effect \cite{2}\cite{3}, furthermore, the magnetic field trapped in the system is quantized\cite{3}. Read More

We show that in the translation invariant case and in the antiferromagnetic phase, the reduced density matrix $\rho _2$ has no off-diagonal long-range order of on-site electron pairs for the single-band Hubbard model on a cubic lattice away from half filling at finite temperatures both for the positive coupling and for the negative coupling. In these cases the model can not give a mechanism for the superconductivity caused by the condensation of on-site electron pairs and the nearest-neighbor electron pairs. Read More

There has been a proof by Sewell that the hypothesis of off-diagonal long-range order in the reduced density matrix $\rho _2$ implies the Meissner effect. We present in this note an elementary and straightforward proof that not only the Meissner effect but also the property of magnetic flux quantization follows from the hypothesis. It is explicitly shown that the two phenomena are closely related, and phase coherence is the origin for both. Read More

The quantum 2-component DS1 system was reduced to two 1D many-body problems with $\delta-$function interactions, which were solved by Bethe ansatz. Using the ansatz in ref.[1] and introducing symmetric and antisymmetric Young operators of the permutation group, we obtain the exact solutions for the system. Read More