B. Michel - LSTA

B. Michel
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B. Michel

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High Energy Physics - Theory (9)
Statistics - Theory (7)
Mathematics - Statistics (7)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (5)
Computer Science - Computational Geometry (5)
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (3)
Mathematics - Algebraic Topology (2)
Physics - General Physics (2)
Statistics - Methodology (2)
Nuclear Experiment (2)
Computer Science - Learning (2)
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (1)
Mathematical Physics (1)
Physics - Materials Science (1)
Astrophysics (1)
Mathematics - Geometric Topology (1)
Statistics - Machine Learning (1)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)
Quantum Physics (1)
Statistics - Applications (1)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)

Publications Authored By B. Michel

Various problems in manifold estimation make use of a quantity called the {\em reach}, denoted by $\tau\_M$, which is a measure of the regularity of the manifold. This paper is the first investigation into the problem of how to estimate the reach. First, we study the geometry of the reach through an approximation perspective. Read More

Approximations of Laplace-Beltrami operators on manifolds through graph Lapla-cians have become popular tools in data analysis and machine learning. These discretized operators usually depend on bandwidth parameters whose tuning remains a theoretical and practical problem. In this paper, we address this problem for the unnormalized graph Laplacian by establishing an oracle inequality that opens the door to a well-founded data-driven procedure for the bandwidth selection. Read More

Calculations of the entanglement entropy of a spatial region in continuum quantum field theory require boundary conditions on the fields at the fictitious boundary of the region. These boundary conditions impact the treatment of the zero modes of the fields and their contribution to the entanglement entropy. We explore this issue in the simplest example, the c=1 compact-boson conformal field theory in 1+1 dimensions. Read More

Supersymmetric microstate geometries with five non-compact dimensions have recently been shown by Eperon, Reall, and Santos (ERS) to exhibit a non-linear instability featuring the growth of excitations at an "evanescent ergosurface" of infinite redshift. We argue that this growth may be treated as adiabatic evolution along a family of exactly supersymmetric solutions in the limit where the excitations are Aichelburg-Sexl-like shockwaves. In the 2-charge system such solutions may be constructed explicitly, incorporating full backreaction, and are in fact special cases of known microstate geometries. Read More

We review the quantization of scalar and gauge fields using Rindler coordinates with an emphasis on the physics of the Rindler horizon. In the thermal state at the Unruh temperature, correlators match their Minkowski vacuum values and the renormalized stress tensor vanishes, while at any other temperature the renormalized stress-energy diverges on the horizon. After giving a new derivation of some of these results using canonical quantization in the thermofield double state, we comment on the relevance of fluxes and boundary conditions at the horizon, which have arisen in calculations of entanglement entropy. Read More

We generalize the Pastawski-Yoshida-Harlow-Preskill (HaPPY) holographic quantum error-correcting code to provide a toy model for bulk gauge fields or linearized gravitons. The key new elements are the introduction of degrees of freedom on the links (edges) of the associated tensor network and their connection to further copies of the HaPPY code by an appropriate isometry. The result is a model in which boundary regions allow the reconstruction of bulk algebras with central elements living on the interior edges of the (greedy) entanglement wedge, and where these central elements can also be reconstructed from complementary boundary regions. Read More

Duality is an indispensable tool for describing the strong-coupling dynamics of gauge theories. However, its actual realization is often quite subtle: quantities such as the partition function can transform covariantly, with degrees of freedom rearranged in a nonlocal fashion. We study this phenomenon in the context of the electromagnetic duality of abelian $p$-forms. Read More

We derive necessary and sufficient conditions for large $N$ conformal field theories to have a universal free energy and an extended range of validity of the higher-dimensional Cardy formula. These constraints are much tighter than in two dimensions and must be satisfied by any conformal field theory dual to Einstein gravity. We construct and analyze symmetric product orbifold theories on $\mathbb{T}^d$ and show that they only realize the necessary phase structure and extended range of validity if the seed theory is assumed to have a universal vacuum energy. Read More

The IOP model is a quantum mechanical system of a large-$N$ matrix oscillator and a fundamental oscillator, coupled through a quartic interaction. It was introduced previously as a toy model of the gauge dual of an AdS black hole, and captures a key property that at infinite $N$ the two-point function decays to zero on long time scales. Motivated by recent work on quantum chaos, we sum all planar Feynman diagrams contributing to the four-point function. Read More

Distances to compact sets are widely used in the field of Topological Data Analysis for inferring geometric and topological features from point clouds. In this context, the distance to a probability measure (DTM) has been introduced by Chazal et al. (2011) as a robust alternative to the distance a compact set. Read More

We present final results on the photon electroproduction ($\vec{e}p\rightarrow ep\gamma$) cross section in the deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) regime and the valence quark region from Jefferson Lab experiment E00-110. Results from an analysis of a subset of these data were published before, but the analysis has been improved which is described here at length, together with details on the experimental setup. Furthermore, additional data have been analyzed resulting in photon electroproduction cross sections at new kinematic settings, for a total of 588 experimental bins. Read More

Let P be a distribution with support S. The salient features of S can be quantified with persistent homology, which summarizes topological features of the sublevel sets of the distance function (the distance of any point x to S). Given a sample from P we can infer the persistent homology using an empirical version of the distance function. Read More

We develop the point of view that brane actions should be understood in the context of effective field theory, and that this is the correct way to treat classical as well as loop divergences. We illustrate this idea in a simple model. We then consider the implications for the dynamics of antibranes in flux backgrounds, focusing on the simplest case of a single antibrane. Read More

The selection of grouped variables using the random forest algorithm is considered. First a new importance measure adapted for groups of variables is proposed. Theoretical insights into this criterion are given for additive regression models. Read More

We study two-charge fuzzball geometries, with attention to the use of the proper duality frame. For zero angular momentum there is an onion-like structure, and the smooth D1-D5 geometries are not valid for typical states. Rather, they are best approximated by geometries with stringy sources, or by a free CFT. Read More

Persistent homology is a multiscale method for analyzing the shape of sets and functions from point cloud data arising from an unknown distribution supported on those sets. When the size of the sample is large, direct computation of the persistent homology is prohibitive due to the combinatorial nature of the existing algorithms. We propose to compute the persistent homology of several subsamples of the data and then combine the resulting estimates. Read More

This paper deals with the estimation of a probability measure on the real line from data observed with an additive noise. We are interested in rates of convergence for the Wasserstein metric of order $p\geq 1$. The distribution of the errors is assumed to be known and to belong to a class of supersmooth or ordinary smooth distributions. Read More

This paper is about variable selection, clustering and estimation in an unsupervised high-dimensional setting. Our approach is based on fitting constrained Gaussian mixture models, where we learn the number of clusters $K$ and the set of relevant variables $S$ using a generalized Bayesian posterior with a sparsity inducing prior. We prove a sparsity oracle inequality which shows that this procedure selects the optimal parameters $K$ and $S$. Read More

This paper is about variable selection with the random forests algorithm in presence of correlated predictors. In high-dimensional regression or classification frameworks, variable selection is a difficult task, that becomes even more challenging in the presence of highly correlated predictors. Firstly we provide a theoretical study of the permutation importance measure for an additive regression model. Read More

Computational topology has recently known an important development toward data analysis, giving birth to the field of topological data analysis. Topological persistence, or persistent homology, appears as a fundamental tool in this field. In this paper, we study topological persistence in general metric spaces, with a statistical approach. Read More

The subject of this paper is the estimation of a probability measure on ${\mathbb R}^d$ from data observed with an additive noise, under the Wasserstein metric of order $p$ (with $p\geq 1$). We assume that the distribution of the errors is known and belongs to a class of supersmooth distributions, and we give optimal rates of convergence for the Wasserstein metric of order $p$. In particular, we show how to use the existing lower bounds for the estimation of the cumulative distribution function in dimension one to find lower bounds for the Wasserstein deconvolution in any dimension. Read More

This work generalizes a construction by Habermann and Jost of a canonical metric in a Yamabe-positive conformal class, which uses the Green function of the conformal Laplacian. In dimension $n=2k+1$, $2k+2$, or $2k+3$, if the $k$-th GJMS operator $P_k$ admits a Green function, the constant term of its singularity is shown to be a conformal density of weight $2k-n$, when restricted to appropriate choices of conformal factor. When it is positive, it is used to build a canonical metric in the conformal class. Read More

We study coordinate-invariance of some asymptotic invariants such as the ADM mass or the Chru\'sciel-Herzlich momentum, given by an integral over a "boundary at infinity". When changing the coordinates at infinity, some terms in the change of integrand do not decay fast enough to have a vanishing integral at infinity; but they may be gathered in a divergence, thus having vanishing integral over any closed hypersurface. This fact could only be checked after direct calculation (and was called a "curious cancellation"). Read More

This paper analyzes a transient method for the characterization of low-resistance thermal interfaces of microelectronic packages. The transient method can yield additional information about the package not available with traditional static methods at the cost of greater numerical complexity, hardware requirements, and sensitivity to noise. While the method is established for package-level thermal analysis of mounted and assembled parts, its ability to measure the relatively minor thermal impedance of thin thermal interface material (TIM) layers has not yet been fully studied. Read More

An overview on recent developments in thermal interfaces is given with a focus on a novel thermal interface technology that allows the formation of 2-3 times thinner bondlines with strongly improved thermal properties at lower assembly pressures. This is achieved using nested hierarchical surface channels to control the particle stacking with highly particle-filled materials. Reliability testing with thermal cycling has also demonstrated a decrease in thermal resistance after extended times with longer overall lifetime compared to a flat interface. Read More

In this paper new characterization equipment for thermal interface materials is presented. Thermal management of electronic products relies on the effec-tive dissipation of heat. This can be achieved by the optimization of the system design with the help of simulation methods. Read More

We propose precision measurements of the helicity-dependent and helicity independent cross sections for the ep->epg reaction in Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering (DVCS) kinematics. DVCS scaling is obtained in the limits Q^2>>Lambda_{QCD}^2, x_Bj fixed, and -\Delta^2=-(q-q')^2<2 GeV^2, W>2 GeV, and -\Delta^21 GeV^2. Read More

Affiliations: 1Sobolev Astronomical Institute, St. Petersburg University, 2Sobolev Astronomical Institute, St. Petersburg University, 3Astrophysical Institute, Fr. Schiller University, Jena, 4Astrophysical Institute, Fr. Schiller University, Jena, 5St. Petersburg University of Aerocosmic Instrumentation
Category: Astrophysics

We use the separation of variables and T-matrix methods to calculate the optical properties of homogeneous spheroids with refractive indices from m = 1.3+0.0i up to 3+4i. Read More