B. Mele - Rome 1 University and INFN, Rome 1

B. Mele
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B. Mele
Rome 1 University and INFN, Rome 1

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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (48)
High Energy Physics - Experiment (22)
Astrophysics (4)
High Energy Physics - Theory (3)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (2)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By B. Mele

We study the $ZH$ associated production followed by the Higgs $H\to \gamma \bar{\gamma}$ decay into a photon plus an invisible and massless dark photon, at future high-energy $e^+e^-$ facilities. Large $H\to \gamma \bar{\gamma}$ decay rates (with branching ratios up to a few percent) are possible, thanks to the non-decoupling properties of the Higgs boson, and to possible unsuppressed dark-photon couplings in the dark sector. Such large decay rates can be obtained in the framework of recent flavor models that aim to naturally explain the observed spread in the fermion mass spectrum. Read More

We analyze a new class of FCNC processes, the $f \to f^{\prime} \, \bar{\gamma}$ decays of a fermion $f$ into a lighter (same-charge) fermion $f^{\prime}$ plus a {\it massless} neutral vector boson, a {\it dark photon} $\bar{\gamma}$. A massless dark photon does not interact at tree level with observable fields, and the $f \!\to\! f^{\prime} \, \bar{\gamma}$ decay presents a characteristic signature where the final fermion $f^{\prime}$ is balanced by a {\it massless invisible} system. Models recently proposed to explain the exponential spread in the standard-model Yukawa couplings can indeed foresee an extra unbroken {\it dark} $U(1)$ gauge group, and the possibility to couple on-shell dark photons to standard-model fermions via one-loop magnetic-dipole kind of FCNC interactions. Read More

Dark photons $\bar \gamma$ mediating long-range forces in a dark sector are predicted by various new physics scenarios, and are being intensively searched for in experiments. We extend a previous study of a new discovery process for dark photons proceedings via Higgs-boson production at the LHC. Thanks to the non-decoupling properties of the Higgs boson, BR($H\to \gamma\bar \gamma$) values up to a few percent are possible for a massless dark photon, even for heavy dark-sector scenarios. Read More

We study the inclusive production of a Higgs boson in association with a high-$p_T$ photon at the LHC, detailing the leading-order features of the main processes contributing to the $H\gamma$ final state. Requiring an extra hard photon in Higgs production upsets the cross-section hierarchy for the dominant channels. The $H\gamma$ inclusive production comes mainly from photons radiated in vector-boson fusion (VBF), which accounts for about 2/3 of the total rate, for $p_T^{\gamma,j} >30$ GeV, at leading order. Read More

The evidence for a new singlet scalar particle from the 750 GeV diphoton excess, and the absence of any other signal of new physics at the LHC so far, suggest the existence of new coloured scalars. To study this possibility, we propose a supersymmetry inspired simplified model, extending the Standard Model with a singlet scalar and with heavy scalar fields carrying both colour and electric charges -- the `squarks'. To allow the latter to decay, and to generate the dark matter of the Universe, we also add a neutral fermion to the particle content. Read More

We study the production of a Higgs boson recoiling from a massless invisible system in $e^ + e^ -$ collisions. This is a quite distinctive signature that can arise when the Higgs boson is produced in association with a massless dark photon, which can happen in BSM scenarios foreseeing an extra unbroken $U(1)$ gauge group. Dark photons can indeed acquire effective couplings to the Higgs boson as occurs in models recently proposed to generate exponentially-spread Yukawa couplings. Read More

Motivated by dark-photon $\bar{\gamma}$ scenarios extensively considered in the literature, we explore experimentally allowed models where the Higgs boson coupling to photon and dark photon $H\gamma\bar{\gamma}$ can be enhanced. Correspondingly, large rates for the $H\to \gamma\bar \gamma$ decay become plausible, giving rise to one monochromatic photon with $E^{\gamma}\simeq m_H/2$ (i.e. Read More

We compare the impact of top-quark spin polarization effects in Higgs boson production in association with top-quark pairs and in corresponding backgrounds at the LHC. Because of the spin-zero nature of the Higgs boson, one expects, in the chiral limit for the top quarks, a substantial complementarity in $t\bar t$ spin correlations for a Higgs decaying into fermions/gauge-bosons and $t\bar{t}$ spin correlations for the corresponding irreducible $t\bar t f\bar f/VV$ backgrounds. Although top mass effects in $t\bar t H$ production are in general dominant, and seriously spoil the chiral-limit expectations, one can find observables that capture the $t \bar t$ angular spin correlations and can help in separating the signal from irreducible backgrounds. Read More

We study the LHC associated production of a Higgs boson and a W^+W^- vector-boson pair at 14 TeV, in the Standard Model and beyond. We consider different signatures corresponding to the cleanest H and W decay channels, and discuss the potential of the high-luminosity phase of the LHC. In particular, we investigate the sensitivity of the HWW production to possible anomalous Higgs couplings to vector bosons and fermions. Read More

Authors: M. Bicer, H. Duran Yildiz, I. Yildiz, G. Coignet, M. Delmastro, T. Alexopoulos, C. Grojean, S. Antusch, T. Sen, H. -J. He, K. Potamianos, S. Haug, A. Moreno, A. Heister, V. Sanz, G. Gomez-Ceballos, M. Klute, M. Zanetti, L. -T. Wang, M. Dam, C. Boehm, N. Glover, F. Krauss, A. Lenz, M. Syphers, C. Leonidopoulos, V. Ciulli, P. Lenzi, G. Sguazzoni, M. Antonelli, M. Boscolo, U. Dosselli, O. Frasciello, C. Milardi, G. Venanzoni, M. Zobov, J. van der Bij, M. de Gruttola, D. -W. Kim, M. Bachtis, A. Butterworth, C. Bernet, C. Botta, F. Carminati, A. David, D. d'Enterria, L. Deniau, G. Ganis, B. Goddard, G. Giudice, P. Janot, J. M. Jowett, C. Lourenco, L. Malgeri, E. Meschi, F. Moortgat, P. Musella, J. A. Osborne, L. Perrozzi, M. Pierini, L. Rinolfi, A. de Roeck, J. Rojo, G. Roy, A. Sciaba, A. Valassi, C. S. Waaijer, J. Wenninger, H. Woehri, F. Zimmermann, A. Blondel, M. Koratzinos, P. Mermod, Y. Onel, R. Talman, E. Castaneda Miranda, E. Bulyak, D. Porsuk, D. Kovalskyi, S. Padhi, P. Faccioli, J. R. Ellis, M. Campanelli, Y. Bai, M. Chamizo, R. B. Appleby, H. Owen, H. Maury Cuna, C. Gracios, G. A. Munoz-Hernandez, L. Trentadue, E. Torrente-Lujan, S. Wang, D. Bertsche, A. Gramolin, V. Telnov, M. Kado, P. Petroff, P. Azzi, O. Nicrosini, F. Piccinini, G. Montagna, F. Kapusta, S. Laplace, W. da Silva, N. Gizani, N. Craig, T. Han, C. Luci, B. Mele, L. Silvestrini, M. Ciuchini, R. Cakir, R. Aleksan, F. Couderc, S. Ganjour, E. Lancon, E. Locci, P. Schwemling, M. Spiro, C. Tanguy, J. Zinn-Justin, S. Moretti, M. Kikuchi, H. Koiso, K. Ohmi, K. Oide, G. Pauletta, R. Ruiz de Austri, M. Gouzevitch, S. Chattopadhyay

The discovery by the ATLAS and CMS experiments of a new boson with mass around 125 GeV and with measured properties compatible with those of a Standard-Model Higgs boson, coupled with the absence of discoveries of phenomena beyond the Standard Model at the TeV scale, has triggered interest in ideas for future Higgs factories. A new circular e+e- collider hosted in a 80 to 100 km tunnel, TLEP, is among the most attractive solutions proposed so far. It has a clean experimental environment, produces high luminosity for top-quark, Higgs boson, W and Z studies, accommodates multiple detectors, and can reach energies up to the t-tbar threshold and beyond. Read More

The LHC experiments have analyzed the 7 and 8 TeV LHC data in the main Higgs production and decay modes. Current analyses only loosely constrain an anomalous top-Higgs coupling in a direct way. In order to strongly constrain this coupling, the Higgs-top associated production is reanalyzed. Read More

The LHC sensitivity to an anomalous Higgs coupling to the top quark in the Higgs-top associated production is analyzed. Thanks to the strong destructive interference in the t-channel for standard model couplings, this process can be very sensitive to both the magnitude and the sign of a nonstandard top-Higgs coupling. We analyze cross sections and the main irreducible backgrounds for the $H \to \gamma \gamma$ decay channel. Read More

If a light Higgs boson with mass 125 GeV is fermiophobic, or partially fermiophobic, then the MSSM is excluded. The minimal supersymmetric fermiophobic Higgs scenario can naturally be formulated in the context of the NMSSM that admits Z_3 discrete symmetries. In the fermiophobic NMSSM, the SUSY naturalness criteria are relaxed by a factor N_c y_t^4/g^4 \sim 25, removing the little hierarchy problem and allowing sparticle masses to be naturally of order 2--3 TeV. Read More

We show that, in the present inclusive searches for the Higgs boson at the LHC, a fermiophobic Higgs mimics the standard-model-like Higgs if its mass is around 125 GeV. For that mass the order-of-magnitude reduction of fermiophobic Higgs production cross sections is compensated by a corresponding increase in the Higgs branching fraction into $\gamma\gamma$, while the $WW^*,$ $ZZ^*,$ $Z\gamma$ signal yields are predicted to be somewhat smaller. The excess seen in the ATLAS and CMS fermiophobic Higgs boson searches in $\gamma\gamma$ channel, including the exclusive vector-boson-fusion analysis, suggests that the LHC sees a fermiophobic instead of a standard-model-like Higgs boson. Read More

The naive fermiophobic scenario is unstable under radiative corrections, due to the chiral-symmetry breaking induced by fermion mass terms. In a recent study, the problem of including the radiative corrections has been tackled via an effective field theory approach. The renormalized Yukawa couplings are assumed to vanish at a high energy scale $\Lambda$, and their values at the electroweak scale are computed via modified Renormalization Group Equations. Read More

We analyze the advantages of a linear-collider program for testing a recent theoretical proposal where the Higgs-boson Yukawa couplings are radiatively generated, keeping unchanged the standard-model mechanism for electroweak-gauge-symmetry breaking. Fermion masses arise at a large energy scale through an unknown mechanism, and the standard model at the electroweak scale is regarded as an effective field theory. In this scenario, Higgs boson decays into photons and electroweak gauge-boson pairs are considerably enhanced for a light Higgs boson, which makes a signal observation at the LHC straightforward. Read More

We explore the possibility that, while the Higgs mechanism provides masses to the weak-gauge bosons at the electroweak scale as in the standard model, fermion masses are generated by an unknown mechanism at a higher energy scale. At low energies, the standard model can then be regarded as an effective field theory, where fermion masses explicitly break the electroweak SU(2)_L \times U(1)_Y gauge symmetry. If \Lambda is the renormalization scale where the renormalized Yukawa couplings vanish, then at energies lower than \Lambda, effective Yukawa couplings will be radiatively induced by nonzero fermion masses. Read More

Discoveries at the LHC will soon set the physics agenda for future colliders. This report of a CERN Theory Institute includes the summaries of Working Groups that reviewed the physics goals and prospects of LHC running with 10 to 300/fb of integrated luminosity, of the proposed sLHC luminosity upgrade, of the ILC, of CLIC, of the LHeC and of a muon collider. The four Working Groups considered possible scenarios for the first 10/fb of data at the LHC in which (i) a state with properties that are compatible with a Higgs boson is discovered, (ii) no such state is discovered either because the Higgs properties are such that it is difficult to detect or because no Higgs boson exists, (iii) a missing-energy signal beyond the Standard Model is discovered as in some supersymmetric models, and (iv) some other exotic signature of new physics is discovered. Read More

These proceedings collect the presentations given at the first three meetings of the INFN "Workshop on Monte Carlo's, Physics and Simulations at the LHC", held at the Frascati National Laboratories in 2006. The first part of these proceedings contains pedagogical introductions to several basic topics of both theoretical and experimental high pT LHC physics. The second part collects more specialised presentations. Read More

These proceedings collect the presentations given at the first three meetings of the INFN "Workshop on Monte Carlo's, Physics and Simulations at the LHC", held at the Frascati National Laboratories in 2006. The first part of these proceedings contains pedagogical introductions to several basic topics of both theoretical and experimental high pT LHC physics. The second part collects more specialised presentations. Read More

The LHC potential for a measurement of the Higgs boson coupling to the b quark in the standard model is not well established yet. We show that requiring a large transverse momentum photon in the light Higgs boson production via vector-boson fusion (with subsequent H->bb decay) could provide a further handle on the Hbb coupling determination, and on the measurement of the HWW coupling as well. Read More

Higgs boson production in association with a high pT photon at the CERN Large Hadron Collider is analyzed, in the framework of the MSSM model, for the heavier neutral Higgs bosons. The request of an additional photon in the exclusive Higgs boson final state selects b-quark pairs among the possible initial partonic states, since gluon-gluon initial states are not allowed by C-parity conservation. Hence, the measurement of cross sections for neutral Higgs boson plus photon production can provide a clean probe of the b-quark density in the proton as well as of the b-quark Yukawa coupling. Read More

Higgs boson production in association with two forward jets and a central photon at the CERN Large Hadron Collider is analyzed, for the Higgs boson decaying into a b bbar pair in the m_H <= 140 GeV mass region. We study both irreducible and main reducible backgrounds at parton level. Compared to the Higgs production via vector-boson fusion, the request of a further photon at moderate rapidities dramatically enhances the signal/background ratio. Read More

In the Top-down scenarios, the decay of super-heavy particles (m~10^{12-16}GeV), situated in dark-matter halos not very far from our Galaxy, can explain the ultra-high-energy (UHE) cosmic-ray spectrum beyond the Griesen-Zatasepin-Kuzmin cut-off. In the MSSM, a major component of the UHE cosmic-ray flux at PeV-EeV energies could be given by the lightest neutralino \chi, that is the lightest stable supersymmetric particle. Then, the signal of UHE \chi's on earth might emerge over the interactions of a comparable neutrino component. Read More

In this talk, I review the main motivations for expecting new physics at the TeV energy scale, that will be explorable at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. Read More

We discuss the associated production of a light Higgs boson and a light chargino pair in the process e+e- -> h chi+ chi- in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) at linear colliders (LC) with \sqrt s=500 GeV. This process gives direct informations about the Higgs-boson coupling to light charginos, that cannot be analyzed in decay processes due to phase-space restrictions. We compute total cross sections in the regions of the MSSM parameter space where the process cannot proceed via on-shell production and subsequent decay of either heavier charginos or pseudoscalar Higgs bosons A. Read More

In the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), we study the light Higgs-boson radiation off a light-chargino pair in the process e+e- -> h chi^+ chi^- at linear colliders with \sqs=500 GeV. We analyze cross sections in the regions of the MSSM parameter space where the process can not proceed via on-shell production and subsequent decay of either heavier charginos or the pseudoscalar Higgs boson A. Cross sections up to a few fb's are allowed, according to present experimental limits on the Higgs-boson, chargino and sneutrino masses. Read More

We consider the s-channel scattering of massive fermion or vector-boson pairs with equal helicities, mediated by a graviton in the linearized Einstein theory. We show that, although in general both spin-2 and spin-0 components are present in the exchanged graviton, there is a special set of reference frames where the spin-0 graviton component vanishes. This is connected to the dependence of the trace of the graviton propagator on the effective dimension of the space-time spanned by the sources. Read More

A simple consequence of the angular momentum conservation in quantum field theories is that the interference of s-channel amplitudes exchanging particles with different spin J vanishes after complete angular integration. We show that, while this rule holds in scattering processes mediated by a massive graviton in Quantum Gravity, a massless graviton s-channel exchange breaks orthogonality when considering its interference with a scalar-particle s-channel exchange, whenever all the external states are massive. As a consequence, we find that, in the Einstein theory, unitarity implies that angular momentum is not conserved at quantum level in the graviton coupling to massive matter fields. Read More

In the framework of quantum gravity propagating in large extra dimensions, the effects of virtual Kaluza-Klein graviton and graviscalar interference with Higgs boson production amplitudes are computed at linear colliders and Higgs factories. The interference of the almost-continuous spectrum of the KK gravitons with the standard model resonant amplitude is finite and predictable in terms of the fundamental D-dimensional Plank scale M_D and the number of extra dimensions \delta. We find that, for M_D ~ 1 TeV and \delta=2, effects of the order of a few percent could be detected for heavy Higgs bosons (m_H>500 GeV) in Higgs production both via WW fusion in e^+e^- colliders and at \mu^+\mu^- Higgs-boson factories. Read More

Ultra High Energy (UHE) neutrino Astronomy and relic Neutrino masses may play a key role in solving the Ultra High Energy Cosmic Ray (UHECR) puzzle within the Z-Showering model. Tau air-shower originated by UHE neutrino in matter may probe and amplify this expected UHE neutrino Astronomy. The discover of upcoming and horizontal tau air-showers (UPTAUs, HORTAUs), born by UHE, nu_tau interacting inside mount chains or along Earth Crust crown masses at the Horizons edges, will greatly amplify the single UHE nu_tau track. Read More

In the framework of quantum gravity propagating in large extra dimensions, the effects of virtual Kaluza-Klein gravitons on the imaginary part of the amplitude of the process e+ e- --> f f-bar are analyzed at the Z-pole. Notably, the interference of the almost-continuous spectrum of the KK gravitons with the standard model resonant amplitude is finite and predictable in terms of the fundamental D-dimensional Plank scale M_D. We find that, while the virtual-gravitons effect on total cross sections vanishes at tree-level, both angular and polarization asymmetries are modified by terms whose relative effect is at most of order 10^(-4) for M_D > 1 TeV. Read More

In the framework of quantum gravity propagating in large extra dimensions, we analyze the inclusive radiative emission of Kaluza-Klein spin-2 gravitons in the two-fermions decays of massive gauge bosons, heavy quarks, Higgs bosons, and in the two-massive gauge bosons decay of Higgs bosons. We provide analytical expressions for the square modulus of amplitudes summed over polarizations, and numerical results for the widths and branching ratios. The corresponding decays in the Z, top quark, and Higgs boson sectors of the standard model are analyzed in the light of present and future experiments. Read More

The Ultra High Energy Cosmic Ray (UHECR), by UHE neutrino-relic neutrino--Z showering in Hot Dark Halos (HDM), shows an energy spectra, an anisotropy following the relic neutrino masses and clustering in dark halo. The lighter are the relic neutrinos masses, the higher their corresponding Z resonance energy peaks. A twin light neutrino mass splitting may reflect into a twin Z resonance and a complex UHECR spectra modulation as a twin bump at at highest GZK energy cut-off. Read More

Authors: R. -D. Heuer, D. J. Miller, F. Richard, P. M. Zerwas, J. A. Aguilar-Saavedra, J. Alcaraz, A. Ali, S. Ambrosanio, A. Andreazza, J. Andruszkow, B. Badelek, A. Ballestrero, T. Barklow, A. Bartl, M. Battaglia, T. Behnke, G. Belanger, D. Benson, M. Berggren, W. Bernreuther, M. Besancon, J. Biebel, O. Biebel, I. Bigi, J. J. van der Bij, T. Binoth, G. A. Blair, C. Blochinger, J. Blumlein, M. Boonekamp, E. Boos, G. Borissov, A. Brandenburg, J. -C. Brient, G. Bruni, K. Busser, P. Burrows, R. Casalbuoni, C. Castanier, P. Chankowski, A. Chekanov, R. Chierici, S. Y. Choi, P. Christova, P. Ciafaloni, D. Comelli, G. Conteras, M. Danilov, W. Da Silva, A. Deandrea, W. de Boer, S. De Curtis, S. J. De Jong, A. Denner, A. De Roeck, K. Desch, E. De Wolf, S. Dittmaier, V. Djordjadze, A. Djouadi, D. Dominici, M. Doncheski, M. T. Dova, V. Drollinger, H. Eberl, J. Erler, A. Eskreys, J. R. Espinosa, N. Evanson, E. Fernandez, J. Forshaw, H. Fraas, F. Franke, A. Freitas, F. Gangemi, P. Garcia-Abia, R. Gatto, P. Gay, T. Gehrmann, A. Gehrmann-De Ridder, U. Gensch, N. Ghodbane, I. F. Ginzburg, R. Godbole, S. Godfrey, G. Gounaris, M. Grazzini, E. Gross, B. Grzadkowski, J. Guasch, J. F. Gunion, K. Hagiwara, T. Han, K. Harder, R. Harlander, R. Hawkings, S. Heinemeyer, S. Hesselbach, C. A. Heusch, J. Hewett, G. Hiller, A. Hoang, W. Hollik, J. I. Illana, V. A. Ilyin, D. Indumathi, S. Ishihara, M. Jack, S. Jadach, F. Jegerlehner, M. Jezabek, G. Jikia, L. Jonsson, P. Jankowski, P. Jurkiewicz, A. Juste, A. Kagan, J. Kalinowski, M. Kalmykov, P. Kalyniak, B. Kamal, J. Kamoshita, S. Kanemura, F. Kapusta, S. Katsanevas, R. Keranen, V. Khoze, A. Kiiskinen, W. Kilian, M. Klasen, J. L. Kneur, B. A. Kniehl, M. Kobel, K. Kolodziej, M. Kramer, S. Kraml, M. Krawczyk, J. H. Kuhn, J. Kwiecinski, P. Laurelli, A. Leike, J. Letts, W. Lohmann, S. Lola, P. Lutz, P. Mattig, W. Majerotto, T. Mannel, M. Martinez, H. -U. Martyn, T. Mayer, B. Mele, M. Melles, W. Menges, G. Merino, N. Meyer, D. J. Miller, P. Minkowski, R. Miquel, K. Monig, G. Montagna, G. Moortgat-Pick, P. Mora de Freitas, G. Moreau, M. Moretti, S. Moretti, L. Motyka, G. Moultaka, M. Muhlleitner, U. Nauenberg, R. Nisius, H. Nowak, T. Ohl, R. Orava, J. Orloff, P. Osland, G. Pancheri, A. A. Pankov, C. Papadopoulos, N. Paver, D. Peralta, H. T. Phillips, F. Picinini, W. Placzek, M. Pohl, W. Porod, A. Pukhov, A. Raspereza, D. Reid, S. Riemann, T. Riemann, S. Rosati, M. Roth, S. Roth, C. Royon, R. Ruckl, E. Ruiz-Morales, M. Sachwitz, J. Schieck, H. -J. Schreiber, D. Schulte, M. Schumacher, R. D. Settles, M. Seymour, R. Shanidze, T. Sjostrand, M. Skrzypek, S. Soldner-Rembold, A. Sopczak, H. Spiesberger, M. Spira, H. Steiner, M. Stratmann, Y. Sumino, S. Tapprogge, V. Telnov, T. Teubner, A. Tonazzo, C. Troncon, O. Veretin, C. Verzegnassi, A. Vest, A. Vicini, H. Videau, W. Vogelsang, A. Vogt, H. Vogt, D. Wackeroth, A. Wagner, S. Wallon, G. Weiglein, S. Weinzierl, T. Wengler, N. Wermes, A. Werthenbach, G. Wilson, M. Winter, A. F. Zarnecki, B. Ziaja, J. Zochowski

The TESLA Technical Design Report Part III: Physics at an e+e- Linear Collider Read More

We consider new s-channel scalar exchanges in top quark and massive gauge-bosons pair production in e+e- collisions, in supersymmetry with a small lepton number violation. We show that a soft bilinear lepton number violating term in the scalar potential which mixes the Higgs and the slepton fields can give rise to a significant scalar resonance enhancement in e+e- -> ZZ, W+W- and in e+e- -> t t(bar). The sneutrino-Higgs mixed state couples to the incoming light leptons through its sneutrino component and to either the top quark or the massive gauge bosons through its Higgs component. Read More

Affiliations: 1CERN, 2INFN Roma, 3INFN Roma, 4U.Roma "La Sapienza", 5INFN Pavia, 6INFN Pavia, 7U.Roma "La Sapienza"

We draw a possible scenario for the observation of massive long-lived charged particles at the LHC detector ATLAS. The required flexibility of the detector triggers and of the identification and reconstruction systems are discussed. As an example, we focus on the measurement of the mass and lifetime of long-lived charged sleptons predicted in the framework of supersymmetric models with gauge-mediated supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking. Read More

We study top-quark decays in models with light sgoldstinos. The off-diagonal entries in the squark mass matrices can lead to FCNC top two-body decays into sgoldstinos and u(c) quarks. We compute the rates for these decays and discuss the corresponding signatures that could manifest the presence of sgoldstinos in top decays at LHC. Read More

We report a study on the measurement of the SUSY breaking scale sqrt(F) in the framework of gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking (GMSB) models at the LHC. The work is focused on the GMSB scenario where a stau is the next-to-lightest SUSY particle (NLSP) and decays into a gravitino with lifetime c*tau_NLSP in the range 0.5 m to 1 km. Read More

Affiliations: 1Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, 2INFN, Sezione di Roma, and University of Rome "La Sapienza"
Category: Astrophysics

We assume that the supersymmetric lightest neutralino is a good candidate for the CDM and explore the possibility to produce diffuse radio emission from high-energy electrons arising from the neutralino annihilation in galaxy clusters whose intracluster medium is filled with a large-scale magnetic field. We show that these electrons fit the population of seed relativistic electrons postulated in many models for the origin of cluster radio halos. For magnetic fields with central values $3 \div 30$ $\mu$G (depending on the DM profile), the population of seed relativistic electrons from neutralino annihilation can fit the radio halo spectra of Coma and 1E0657-56. Read More

We consider new s-channel scalar exchanges in e+e- -> ZZ,W+W- in supersymmetry with a small lepton number violation. We show that a small bilinear R-parity violating term which leads to sneutrino--Higgs mixing can give rise to a significant scalar resonance enhancement in e+e- -> ZZ,W+W-. We use the LEP2 measurements of the WW and ZZ cross-sections to place useful constraints on this scenario. Read More

The results obtained by the Working Group on Supersymmetry at the 1999 Les Houches Workshop on Collider Physics are summarized. Separate chapters treat "general" supersymmetry, R-parity violation, gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking, and anomaly mediated supersymmetry breaking. Read More

Theoretical predictions for the top quark rare decays are reviewed within and beyond the standard model. Expectations at the CERN Large Hadron Collider are discussed. Read More

The status of two on-going studies concerning important aspects of the phenomenology of gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking (GMSB) models at TeV colliders is reported. The first study deals with the characteristics of the light Higgs boson spectrum allowed by the (minimal and non-minimal) GMSB framework. Today's most accurate GMSB model generation and two-loop Feynman-diagrammatic calculation of m_h have been combined. Read More

The bounds on the anomalous contributions to the ggh and zgh vertices that can be obtained via the process eg->eh are discussed through a model independent analysis based on SU(2) X U(1) invariant operators of dim=6. A light Higgs boson with m_H ~ 120 GeV and center-of-mass energies of \sqrt{S}=500 GeV and \sqrt{S}=1500 GeV are assumed. The process eg->eh is shown to provide an excellent way to strongly constraint both the CP-even and CP-odd anomalous contributions in the ggH and ZgH couplings. Read More

The t->cH decay width has been computed in the standard model with a light Higgs boson. The corresponding branching fraction has been found to be in the range B(t->cH) ~ 10^{-13} - 10^{-14} for M_Z < m_H < 2 M_W. Our results correct the numerical evaluation usually quoted in the literature. Read More

We study the bounds on the anomalous contributions to the gamma-gamma-H and Z-gamma-H vertices that can be obtained via the process e-gamma-->e H. We consider the representative case of an intermediate Higgs mass production of MH=120 GeV and for a center of mass energy of Sqrt{S}=500 GeV and Sqrt{S}=1500 GeV. We use a model independent analysis based on SU(2)xU(1) invariant operators of dimension 6 added to the Standard Model lagrangian. Read More