B. Lee - Seoul National University

B. Lee
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B. Lee
Seoul National University
South Korea

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High Energy Physics - Theory (13)
Computer Science - Learning (7)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (6)
Physics - Materials Science (5)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (4)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (3)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (3)
Quantitative Biology - Genomics (3)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (3)
Mathematics - Information Theory (2)
Physics - Plasma Physics (2)
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (2)
Computer Science - Information Theory (2)
Physics - Biological Physics (2)
Physics - Superconductivity (2)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (2)
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (2)
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
Computer Science - Sound (1)
Computer Science - Multimedia (1)
Mathematics - Combinatorics (1)
Mathematics - Dynamical Systems (1)
Physics - Chemical Physics (1)
Physics - Optics (1)
Nuclear Experiment (1)
Physics - Physics and Society (1)
Computer Science - Robotics (1)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)
Physics - Accelerator Physics (1)
Computer Science - Human-Computer Interaction (1)
Computer Science - Databases (1)

Publications Authored By B. Lee

We realize the weak momentum relaxation in Rindler fluid, which lives on the time-like cutoff surface in an accelerating frame of flat spacetime. The translational invariance is broken by massless scalar fields with weak strength. The momentum relaxation rate and heat conductivity of Rinlder fluid are obtained, with higher order correction in terms of the strength of momentum relaxation. Read More

We construct $SL(2,R)$ invariant in anisotropic medium, with a dual anisotropic charged black hole geometry in massive gravity. We show how to obtain $SL(2,R)$ elements in terms of new degrees of freedom for Electromagnetic configuration, and construct the general expressions for conductivity with $SL(2,R)$ invariant. The holographic conductivities can be calculated using horizon data in an external magnetic field, and we show the numerical results using the linear response theory. Read More

Since the invention of the atomic force microscope (AFM) in 1986, there has been a drive to apply this scanning probe technique or a form of this technique to various disciplines in nanoscale science. Magnetic force microscopy (MFM) is a member of a growing family of scanning probe methods and has been widely used for the study of magnetic materials. In MFM a magnetic probe is used to raster-scan the surface of the sample, of which its magnetic field interacts with the magnetic tip to offer insight into its magnetic properties. Read More

The technique of hiding messages in digital data is called a steganography technique. With improved sequencing techniques, increasing attempts have been conducted to hide hidden messages in deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequences which have been become a medium for steganography. Many detection schemes have developed for conventional digital data, but these schemes not applicable to DNA sequences because of DNA's complex internal structures. Read More

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disorder with no cure and limited treatment solutions that are unable to target any of the suspected causes. Increasing evidence suggests that one of the causes of neurodegeneration is the overproduction of amyloid beta (A\b{eta}) and the inability of A\b{eta} peptides to be cleared from the brain, resulting in self-aggregation to form toxic oligomers, fibrils and plaques. One of the potential treatment options is to target A\b{eta} and prevent self-aggregation to allow for a natural clearing of the brain. Read More

We construct regular stationary axially-symmetric solutions with intrinsic mass scale parameter and zero spin in a pure quantum chromodynamics (QCD). There is a special class of solutions which can be treated as a system of static colored monopoles interacting to dynamical off-diagonal gluons. We show that such classical solutions describe vacuum monopole-antimonopole pair condensate which is stable against quantum gluon fluctuations in the smallest vicinity of each space-time point. Read More

Suspended optical microresonators are promising devices for on-chip photonic applications such as radio-frequency oscillators, optical frequency combs, and sensors. Scaling up these devices demand the capability to tune the optical resonances in an integrated manner. Here, we design and experimentally demonstrate integrated on-chip thermo-optic tuning of suspended microresonators by utilizing suspended wire bridges and microheaters. Read More

The transition mechanism in high temperature cuprate superconductors is an outstanding puzzle. A previous suggestion on the role of non-linear local lattice instability modes on the microscopic pairing mechanism in high temperature cuprate superconductors \cite{Lee:JSNM09} is re-examined to provide a viable mechanism for superconductivity in these cuprates via an unusual lattice vibration in which an electron is predominantly interacting with a nonlinear $Q_2$ mode of the oxygen clusters in the CuO$_2$ planes. It is shown that the interaction has explicit d-wave symmetry and leads to an indirect coupling of d-wave symmetry between electrons. Read More

Cataloging is challenging in crowded fields because sources are extremely covariant with their neighbors and blending makes even the number of sources ambiguous. We present the first optical probabilistic catalog, cataloging a crowded (~0.1 sources per pixel brighter than 22nd magnitude in F606W) Sloan Digital Sky Survey r band image from M2. Read More

Planet searches using the radial velocity technique show a paucity of companions to solar-type stars within ~5 AU in the mass range of ~10 - 80 M$_{\text{Jup}}$. This deficit, known as the brown dwarf desert, currently has no conclusive explanation. New substellar companions in this region help asses the reality of the desert and provide insight to the formation and evolution of these objects. Read More

Painting is an art form that has long functioned as major channel for communication and creative expression. Understanding how painting has evolved over the centuries is therefore an essential component for understanding cultural history, intricately linked with developments in aesthetics, science, and technology. The explosive growth in the ranges of stylistic diversity in painting starting in the nineteenth century, for example, is understood to be the hallmark of a stark departure from traditional norms on multidisciplinary fronts. Read More

We present 12CO (2-1) data of three Virgo spirals - NGC 4330, NGC 4402 and NGC 4522 obtained using the Submillimeter Array. These three galaxies show clear evidence of ram pressure stripping due to the cluster medium as found in previous HI imaging studies. Using high-resolution CO data, we investigate how the properties of the inner molecular gas disc change while a galaxy is undergoing HI stripping in the cluster. Read More

We present a multi-wavelength photometric catalog in the COSMOS field as part of the observations by the Cosmic Assembly Near-infrared Deep Extragalactic Legacy Survey (CANDELS). The catalog is based on Hubble Space Telescope Wide Field Camera 3 (HST/WFC3) and Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) observations of the COSMOS field (centered at RA: $10^h00^m28^s$, Dec:$+02^{\circ}12^{\prime}21^{\prime\prime}$). The final catalog has 38671 sources with photometric data in forty two bands from UV to the infrared ($\rm \sim 0. Read More

A well-designed control-to-display (CD) gain function can improve pointing performance with an indirect pointing device such as a trackpad. However, the design of gain functions has been challenging and mostly based on trial and error. AutoGain is an unobtrusive method to obtain a gain function for an indirect pointing device in contexts where cursor trajectories can be tracked. Read More

Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) is a potential enabler for the development of 5G and beyond wireless networks. By allowing multiple users to share the same time and frequency, NOMA can scale up the number of served users, increase the spectral efficiency, and improve user-fairness compared to existing orthogonal multiple access (OMA) techniques. While single-cell NOMA has drawn significant attention recently, much less attention has been given to multi-cell NOMA. Read More

The charge and magnetic form factors, FC and FM, of 3He have been extracted in the kinematic range 25 fm-2 < Q2 < 61 fm-2 from elastic electron scattering by detecting 3He recoil nuclei and electrons in coincidence with the High Resolution Spectrometers of the Hall A Facility at Jefferson Lab. The measurements are indicative of a second diffraction minimum for the magnetic form factor, which was predicted in the Q2 range of this experiment, and of a continuing diffractive structure for the charge form factor. The data are in qualitative agreement with theoretical calculations based on realistic interactions and accurate methods to solve the three-body nuclear problem. Read More

We study inflationary models with a Gauss-Bonnet term to reconstruct the scalar field potentials and the Gauss-Bonnet coupling functions from the observable quantities. Using the observationally favored relations for both $n_s$ and $r$, we derive the expressions for both the scalar field potentials and the coupling functions. The implication of the blue-tilted spectrum, $n_t>0$, of the primordial tensor fluctuations is discussed for the reconstructed configurations of the scalar field potential and the Gauss-Bonnet coupling. Read More

Abell 2146 ($z$ = 0.232) consists of two galaxy clusters undergoing a major merger. The system was discovered in previous work, where two large shock fronts were detected using the $\textit{Chandra X-ray Observatory}$, consistent with a merger close to the plane of the sky, caught soon after first core passage. Read More

Personal robots are expected to interact with the user by recognizing the user's face. However, in most of the service robot applications, the user needs to move himself/herself to allow the robot to see him/her face to face. To overcome such limitations, a method for estimating human body orientation is required. Read More

We study localization of five-dimensional supersymmetric $U(1)$ gauge theory on $\mathbb{S}^3 \times \mathbb{R}_{\theta}^{2}$ where $\mathbb{R}_{\theta}^{2}$ is a noncommutative (NC) plane. The theory can be isomorphically mapped to three-dimensional supersymmetric $U(N \to \infty)$ gauge theory on $\mathbb{S}^3$ using the matrix representation on a separable Hilbert space on which NC fields linearly act. Therefore the NC space $\mathbb{R}_{\theta}^{2}$ allows for a flexible path to derive matrix models via localization from a higher-dimensional supersymmetric NC $U(1)$ gauge theory. Read More

This paper presents a robust multi-class multi-object tracking (MCMOT) formulated by a Bayesian filtering framework. Multi-object tracking for unlimited object classes is conducted by combining detection responses and changing point detection (CPD) algorithm. The CPD model is used to observe abrupt or abnormal changes due to a drift and an occlusion based spatiotemporal characteristics of track states. Read More

Active control of light-matter interactions in semiconductors is critical for realizing next generation optoelectronic devices, with tunable control of the systems optical properties via external fields. The ability to manipulate optical interactions in active materials coupled to cavities via geometrical parameters, which are fixed along with dynamic control with applied fields opens up possibilities of controlling exciton lifetimes, oscillator strengths and their relaxation properties. Here, we demonstrate electrical control of exciton-plasmon polariton coupling strength of a two-dimensional semiconductor integrated with plasmonic nanoresonators assembled in a field-effect transistor device between strong and weak coupling limits by electrostatic doping. Read More

Without breaking Lorentz invariance, we investigate the speed of graviton in event GW150914 by using the modified dispersion relation from gravity's rainbow. The proper range of the parameter in the modified dispersion relation is determined by taking into account the gap between the speed of the graviton and that obtained from event GW150914. Read More

We report the detections of a giant planet (MARVELS-7b) and a brown dwarf candidate (MARVELS-7c) around the primary star in the close binary system, HD 87646. It is the first close binary system with more than one substellar circum-primary companion discovered to the best of our knowledge. The detection of this giant planet was accomplished using the first multi-object Doppler instrument (KeckET) at the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) telescope. Read More

The problem of the existence of a stable vacuum monopole condensation in a pure quantum chromodynamics (QCD) is revised. Our approach is based on using classical stationary non-linear wave type solutions with intrinsic mass scale parameters. Such solutions can be treated as quantum mechanical wave functions describing massive spinless states in quantum theory. Read More

We investigate various types of Fubini instantons in Dilatonic Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet theory of gravitation, which describe the decay of the vacuum state at a hilltop potential through the tunneling without a barrier. It is shown that the vacuum states are modified by the non-minimally coupled higher-curvature term. Accordingly, we present the new type of solutions describing the tunneling from new vacuum states in anti-de Sitter and de Sitter backgrounds. Read More

This presentation focuses on the optimization of the trigger unit of a six-rod TVS. The different configurations of the trigger pin and of the trigger electrode have been considered to study the electric field distribution at the triple points of the unit embedded in the cathode. To optimize the field enhancement, electric field simulations with a planar and a circular heads of the trigger pin in combinations with a convex and a concave shaped trigger electrodes have been done. Read More

The PLS-II has a 100 MeV pre-injector for the 3 GeV Linac. A thermionic gun produces electron charge of 200 pC with a bunch duration of 500 ps by a 250 ps triggering pulser. At the pre-injector, one of the most important beam parameters to identify the beam quality is a transverse emittance of electron bunches. Read More

We consider non-linear wave type solutions with mass scale parameter and vahished canonical spin density operator in a pure SU(2) quantum chtomodynamics (QCD). A new stationary solution which can be treated as a system of static Wu-Yang monopole dressed in off-diagonal gluon field is proposed. A remarkable feature of such a solution is that it possesses a finite energy density everywhere. Read More

In this paper, we present PerfEnforce, a scaling engine designed to enable cloud providers to sell performance levels for data analytics cloud services. PerfEnforce scales a cluster of virtual machines allocated to a user in a way that minimizes cost while probabilistically meeting the query runtime guarantees offered by a service level agreement. With PerfEnforce, we show how to scale a cluster in a way that minimally disrupts a user's query session. Read More

A stationary finite energy density monopole solution in a pure SU(3) quantum chromodynamics (QCD) is proposed. The solution describes a colored Wu-Yang monopole dressed in gluon field. We have proved that such a classical solution corresponds to a stable vacuum monopole condensate in quantum theory. Read More

We present a new framework of applying deep neural networks (DNN) to devise a universal discrete denoiser. Unlike other approaches that utilize supervised learning for denoising, we do not require any additional training data. In such setting, while the ground-truth label, i. Read More

We study the thermodynamic properties of a black hole and the Hawking-Page phase transition in the asymptotically anti--de Sitter spacetime in the dilatonic Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet theory of gravitation. We show how the higher-order curvature terms can influence both the thermodynamic properties and the phase transition. We evaluate both heat capacity and free energy difference to determine the local and global thermodynamic stabilities, respectively. Read More

Multiferroic materials attract considerable interest because of the wide range of potential applications such as spintronic devices, data storage and sensors. As a strong candidate for the applications among the limited list of single-phase multiferroic materials, BiFeO3 (BFO) is a quite attractive material due to its multiferroic properties at room temperature (RT). However, BFO is widely known to have large leakage current and small spontaneous polarization due to the existence of crystalline defects such as oxygen vacancies. Read More

Distortion of the underlying speech is a common problem for single-channel speech enhancement algorithms, and hinders such methods from being used more extensively. A dictionary based speech enhancement method that emphasizes preserving the underlying speech is proposed. Spectral patches of clean speech are sampled and clustered to train a dictionary. Read More

Perovskite solar cells have shown fast deterioration during actual operation even with encapsulation, but its mechanism has been elusive. We found the fundamental mechanism for irreversible degradation of perovskite materials in which trapped charges regardless of the polarity play a decisive role. A novel experimental setup utilizing different polarity ions revealed that the moisture induced irreversible dissociation of perovskite materials is triggered by charges trapped along grain boundaries. Read More

We propose a new method of constraining the redshifts of individual extragalactic sources based on celestial coordinates and their ensemble statistics. Techniques from integer linear programming are utilized to optimize simultaneously for the angular two-point cross- and autocorrelation functions. Our novel formalism introduced here not only transforms the otherwise hopelessly expensive, brute-force combinatorial search into a linear system with integer constraints but also is readily implementable in off-the-shelf solvers. Read More

In order to imitate anisotropic medium of a condensed matter system, we take into account an Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton-axion model as a dual gravity theory where the anisotropy is caused by different momentum relaxations. This gravity model allows an anisotropic charged black hole solution. On this background, we investigate how the linear responses of vector modes like electric, thermoelectric, and thermal conductivities rely on the anisotropy. Read More

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short sequences of ribonucleic acids that control the expression of target messenger RNAs (mRNAs) by binding them. Robust prediction of miRNA-mRNA pairs is of utmost importance in deciphering gene regulations but has been challenging because of high false positive rates, despite a deluge of computational tools that normally require laborious manual feature extraction. This paper presents an end-to-end machine learning framework for miRNA target prediction. Read More

Building on recent work by Medvedev (2014) we establish new connections between a basic consensus model, called the voting model, and the theory of graph limits. We show that in the voting model if consensus is attained in the continuum limit then solutions to the finite model will eventually be close to a constant function, and a class of graph limits which guarantee consensus is identified. Additionally, we introduce the notion of perturbed graph sequences as a tool to model noisy data or random shocks, and investigate consensus on perturbed systems. Read More

In the era of big data, transformation of biomedical big data into valuable knowledge has been one of the most important challenges in bioinformatics. Deep learning has advanced rapidly since the early 2000s and now demonstrates state-of-the-art performance in various fields. Accordingly, application of deep learning in bioinformatics to gain insight from data has been emphasized in both academia and industry. Read More

2$H$-TaSe$_2$ has been one of unique transition metal dichalcogenides exhibiting several phase transitions due to a delicate balance among competing electronic ground states. An unusual metallic state at high-$T$ is sequentially followed by an incommensurate charge density wave (ICDW) state at $\approx$ 122 K and a commensurate charge density wave (CCDW) state at $\approx$ 90 K, and superconductivity at $T_{\rm{C}}\sim$0.14 K. Read More

OJ287 is a quasi-periodic quasar with roughly 12 year optical cycles. It displays prominent outbursts which are predictable in a binary black hole model. The model predicted a major optical outburst in December 2015. Read More

We have investigated the upper bound of the radiation energy in the head-on collision of two Myers-Perry black holes. Initially, the two black holes are far away from each other, and they become one black hole after the collision. We have obtained the upper bound of the radiation energy thermodynamically allowed in the process. Read More

We report that the spectroscopic binary ? Ursae Majoris (?mu UMa) has secondary RV variations of 471.2 days in addition to those of 230.0 days already known. Read More

Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems with a large number of basestation antennas, often called massive MIMO, have received much attention in academia and industry as a means to improve the spectral efficiency, energy efficiency, and processing complexity of next generation cellular system. Mobile communication industry has initiated a feasibility study of massive MIMO systems to meet the increasing demand of future wireless systems. Field trials of the proof-of-concept systems have demonstrated the potential gain of the Full-Dimension MIMO (FD-MIMO), an official name for the MIMO enhancement in 3rd generation partnership project (3GPP). Read More

A eukaryotic gene consists of multiple exons (protein coding regions) and introns (non-coding regions), and a splice junction refers to the boundary between a pair of exon and intron. Precise identification of spice junctions on a gene is important for deciphering its primary structure, function, and interaction. Experimental techniques for determining exon/intron boundaries include RNA-seq, which is often accompanied by computational approaches. Read More