B. H. Sun

B. H. Sun
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B. H. Sun

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Pub Categories

Nuclear Experiment (9)
Mathematics - Combinatorics (7)
Nuclear Theory (6)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (5)
Physics - Materials Science (5)
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (3)
Computer Science - Information Theory (3)
Computer Science - Neural and Evolutionary Computing (3)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (3)
Physics - Optics (3)
Mathematics - Information Theory (3)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
Statistics - Methodology (2)
Computer Science - Learning (2)
Physics - Accelerator Physics (2)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
Quantitative Biology - Cell Behavior (2)
Mathematics - Representation Theory (2)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (1)
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
Mathematics - Rings and Algebras (1)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)
Quantitative Biology - Biomolecules (1)
Computer Science - Cryptography and Security (1)
Mathematics - Group Theory (1)
Mathematics - Number Theory (1)
Computer Science - Multimedia (1)
Quantitative Biology - Tissues and Organs (1)

Publications Authored By B. H. Sun

A machine learning approach that we term that the Stochastic Replica Voting Machine (SRVM) algorithm is presented and applied to a binary and a 3-class classification problems in materials science. Here, we employ SRVM to predict candidate compounds capable of forming cubic Perovskite (ABX3) structure and further classify binary (AB) solids. The results of our binary and ternary classifications compared to those obtained by the SVM algorithm. Read More

Spectral dispersion of ultrashort pulses allows simultaneous focusing of light in both space and time creating so-called spatio-temporal foci. Such space-time coupling may be combined with existing holographic techniques to give a further dimension of control when generating focal light fields. It is shown that a phase-only hologram placed in the pupil plane of an objective and illuminated by a spatially chirped ultrashort pulse can be used to generate three dimensional arrays of spatio-temporally focused spots. Read More

Full-energy peak (FEP) efficiencies of a HPGe detector equipped with an ultra-low background shield system are calibrated with the Monte Carlo method and further examined using summing peaks in a numerical way. Radionuclides $^{241}$Am, $^{137}$Cs, $^{60}$Co, $^{133}$Ba and $^{152}$Eu are used to construct the simulation model with the toolkit GEANT4. True summing \mbox{coincidence} factors (TSCFs) of $^{60}$Co, $^{133}$Ba and $^{152}$Eu are calculated and result in an improvement up to about 20\% in the FEP efficiency curve. Read More

The quenching of the experimental spectroscopic factor for proton emission from the short-lived $d_{3/2}$ isomeric state in $^{151m}$Lu was a long-standing problem. In the present work, proton emission from this isomer has been reinvestigated in an experiment at the Accelerator Laboratory of the University of Jyv\"{a}skyl\"{a}. The proton-decay energy and half-life of this isomer were measured to be 1295(5) keV and 15. Read More

The $D \bar{D}^*$ interaction via a $\psi \pi$ intermediate state is studied carefully in the isospin $I=1$ sector. By solving the Bethe-Salpeter equation in the unitary coupled-channel approximation, we obtain the S-wave amplitude as a function of the total energy of the system in the center of mass frame. A resonant state is generated dynamically in the complex energy plane, which might correspond to the $Zc(3900)$ particle. Read More

Let $\rk$ be a local field of characteristic zero. Let $\pi$ be an irreducible admissible smooth representation of $\GL_{2n}(\rk)$. We prove that for all but countably many characters $\chi$ of $\GL_n(\rk)\times \GL_n(\rk)$, the space of $\chi$-equivariant (continuous in the archimedean case) linear functionals on $\pi$ is at most one dimensional. Read More

This paper reports a large-scale study that aims to understand how mobile application (app) vulnerabilities are associated with software libraries. We analyze both free and paid apps. Studying paid apps was quite meaningful because it helped us understand how differences in app development/maintenance affect the vulnerabilities associated with libraries. Read More

This contribution presents a novel bunch current measurement system based on an ultra-fast photodetector and a high-speed digitizer at Hefei Light Source II (HLS II). In order to achieve bunch-by-bunch resolution, the sampling rate of the system is nearly 225 GS/s via a dedicated equivalent sampling algorithm. According to preliminary tests of daily operation mode and single-bunch mode, the root-mean-square (rms) of current relative error distribution is 1. Read More

In this chapter, we present CORrelation ALignment (CORAL), a simple yet effective method for unsupervised domain adaptation. CORAL minimizes domain shift by aligning the second-order statistics of source and target distributions, without requiring any target labels. In contrast to subspace manifold methods, it aligns the original feature distributions of the source and target domains, rather than the bases of lower-dimensional subspaces. Read More

We report an efficient method to observe single photon emissions in monolayer WSe2 by applying hydrostatic pressure. The photoluminescence peaks of typical two-dimensional (2D) excitons show a nearly identical pressure-induced blue-shift, whereas the energy of pressure-induced discrete emission lines (quantum emitters) demonstrates a pressure insensitive behavior. The decay time of these discrete line emissions is approximately 10 ns, which is at least one order longer than the lifetime of the broad localized (L) excitons. Read More

We proved that non-elementary discrete convergence groups are acylindrically hyperbolic. Read More

An "automatic continuity" question has naturally occurred since Roger Howe established the local theta correspondence over $\mathbb R$: does the algebraic version of local theta correspondence over $\mathbb R$ agrees with the smooth version? We show that the answer is yes, at least when the concerning dual pair has no quaternionic type I irreducible factor. Read More

Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) and proteins with intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs) govern a daunting number of physiological processes. For such proteins, molecular mechanisms governing their interactions with proteins involved in signal transduction pathways remain unclear. Using the folded, calcium-loaded calmodulin (CaM) interaction with the calcineurin regulatory IDP as a prototype for IDP-mediated signal transduction events, we uncover the interplay of IDP structure and electrostatic interactions in determining the kinetics of protein-protein association. Read More

In this paper, we consider two particular binomial sums \begin{align*} \sum_{k=0}^{n-1}(20k^2+8k+1){\binom{2k}{k}}^5 (-4096)^{n-k-1} \end{align*} and \begin{align*} \sum_{k=0}^{n-1}(120k^2+34k+3){\binom{2k}{k}}^4\binom{4k}{2k} 65536^{n-k-1}, \end{align*} which are inspired by two series for $\frac{1}{\pi^2}$ obtained by Guillera. We consider their divisibility properties and prove that they are divisible by $2n^2 \binom{2n}{n}^2$ for all integer $n\geq 2$. These divisibility properties are stronger than those divisibility results found by He, who proved the above two sums are divisible by $2n \binom{2n}{n}$ with the WZ-method. Read More

Masses of $^{52g,52m}$Co were measured for the first time with an accuracy of $\sim 10$ keV, an unprecedented precision reached for short-lived nuclei in the isochronous mass spectrometry. Combining our results with the previous $\beta$-$\gamma$ measurements of $^{52}$Ni, the $T=2$, $J^{\pi}=0^+$ isobaric analog state (IAS) in $^{52}$Co was newly assigned, questioning the conventional identification of IASs from the $\beta$-delayed proton emissions. Using our energy of the IAS in $^{52}$Co, the masses of the $T=2$ multiplet fit well into the Isobaric Multiplet Mass Equation. Read More

A two-dimensional topological insulator (2DTI) is guaranteed to have a helical 1D edge mode in which spin is locked to momentum, producing the quantum spin Hall effect and prohibiting elastic backscattering at zero magnetic field. No monolayer material has yet been shown to be a 2DTI, but recently the Weyl semimetal WTe2 was predicted to become a 2DTI in monolayer form if a bulk gap opens. Here, we report that at temperatures below about 100 K monolayer WTe2 does become insulating in its interior, while the edges still conduct. Read More

The Bethe-Salpeter equation is solved in the framework of unitary coupled-channel approximation by using the pseudoscalar meson-baryon octet interaction. The loop function of the intermediate meson and baryon is deduced in a dimensional regularization scheme, where the relativistic kinetic effect and off-shell corrections are taken into account. According to the experimental data at the $K^- p$ threshold, the subtraction constants in the loop function are determined. Read More

Plastic scintillation detectors for Time-of-Flight (TOF) measurements are almost essential for event-by-event identification of relativistic rare isotopes. In this work, a pair of plastic scintillation detectors of 50 $\times$ 50 $\times$ 3$^{t}$ mm$^3$ and 80 $\times$ 100 $\times$ 3$^{t}$ mm$^3$ have been set up at the external target facility (ETF), Institute of Modern Physics. Their time, energy and position responses are measured with $^{18}$O primary beam at 400 MeV/nucleon. Read More

Click through rate (CTR) prediction of image ads is the core task of online display advertising systems, and logistic regression (LR) has been frequently applied as the prediction model. However, LR model lacks the ability of extracting complex and intrinsic nonlinear features from handcrafted high-dimensional image features, which limits its effectiveness. To solve this issue, in this paper, we introduce a novel deep neural network (DNN) based model that directly predicts the CTR of an image ad based on raw image pixels and other basic features in one step. Read More

The potential of the $B$ meson and the pseudoscalar meson is constructed up to the next-to-leading order Lagrangian, and then the $B \bar{K}$ and $B_s \pi$ interaction is studied in the unitary coupled-channel approximation, and a resonant state with a mass about $5568MeV$ and $J^P=0^+$ is generated dynamically, which can be associated with the $X(5568)$ state announced by D0 Collaboration recently. The mass and the decay width of this resonant state depend on the regularization scale in the dimensional regularization scheme, or the maximum momentum in the momentum cutoff regularization scheme. The scattering amplitude of the vector $B$ meson and the pseudoscalar meson is calculated, and an axial-vector state with a mass near $5620MeV$ and $J^P=1^+$ is produced. Read More

A very good linear correlation is found between the four-point charge radius relation $\delta R_{2p-2n}(Z,N)$ with that of quadrupole deformation data in even-even nuclei. This results in a further improved charge radius relation that holds in a precision of about 5$\times 10^{-3}$ fm. Such correlations are also seen in global nuclear models, their precisions, however, are not enough to be consistent with the experimental data. Read More

Multicellular migration and pattern formation play important roles in developmental biology, cancer metastasis and wound healing. To understand the collective cell dynamics in three dimensional extracellular matrix (ECM), we have developed a simple and mechanical-based strategy, Diskoid In Geometrically Micropatterned ECM (DIGME). DIGME allows easy engineering of the shape of 3-D tissue organoid, the mesoscale ECM heterogeneity, and the fiber alignment of collagen-based ECM all at the same time. Read More

Missing data occur frequently in empirical studies in health and social sciences, often compromising our ability to make accurate inferences. An outcome is said to be missing not at random (MNAR) if, conditional on the observed variables, the missing data mechanism still depends on the unobserved outcome. In such settings, identification is generally not possible without imposing additional assumptions. Read More

Nonmonotone missing data arise routinely in empirical studies of social and health sciences, and when ignored, can induce selection bias and loss of efficiency. In practice, it is common to account for nonresponse under a missing-at-random assumption which although convenient, is rarely appropriate when nonresponse is nonmonotone. Likelihood and Bayesian missing data methodologies often require specification of a parametric model for the full data law, thus \textit{a priori} ruling out any prospect for semiparametric inference. Read More

Deep neural networks are able to learn powerful representations from large quantities of labeled input data, however they cannot always generalize well across changes in input distributions. Domain adaptation algorithms have been proposed to compensate for the degradation in performance due to domain shift. In this paper, we address the case when the target domain is unlabeled, requiring unsupervised adaptation. Read More

The radial basis function (RBF) approach has been used to improve the mass predictions of nuclear models. However, systematic deviations exist between the improved masses and the experimental data for nuclei with different odd-even parities of ($Z$, $N$), i.e. Read More

Cells use biochemical networks to translate environmental information into intracellular responses. These responses can be highly dynamic, but how the information is encoded in these dynamics remains poorly understood. Here we investigate the dynamic encoding of information in the ATP-induced calcium responses of fibroblast cells, using a vectorial, or multi-time-point, measure from information theory. Read More

Recently, Z. W. Sun introduced a sequence $(S_n)_{n\geq 0}$, where $S_n=\frac{\binom{6n}{3n} \binom{3n}{n}}{2(2n+1)\binom{2n}{n}}$, and found one congruence and two convergent series on $S_n$ by {\tt{Mathematica}}. Read More

To date, the intrinsic thermal conductivity tensor of bulk black phosphorus (BP), an important 2D material, is still unknown, since recent studies focus on BP flakes not on bulk BP. Here we report the anisotropic thermal conductivity tensor of bulk BP, for temperature range 80 - 300 K. Our measurements are similar to prior measurements on submicron BP flakes along zigzag and armchair axes, but are >25% higher in the through-plane axis, suggesting that phonon mean-free-paths are substantially longer in the through-plane direction. Read More

The common notion suggests that metallic glasses (MGs) are a homogeneous solid at the macroscopic scale; however, recent experiments and simulations indicate that MGs contain nano-scale elastic heterogeneities. Despite the fundamental importance of these findings, a quantitative understanding is still lacking for the local elastic heterogeneities intrinsic to MGs. On the basis of Eshelby's theory, here we develop a micromechanical model that correlates the properties of the local elastic heterogeneities, being very difficult to measure experimentally, to the measurable overall elastic properties of MGs, such as shear/bulk modulus and Poisson's ratio. Read More

This paper presents a method for face detection in the wild, which integrates a ConvNet and a 3D mean face model in an end-to-end multi-task discriminative learning framework. The 3D mean face model is predefined and fixed (e.g. Read More

We evaluate the entanglement entropy of a non-minimal coupling Einstein-scalar theory with two approaches in classical Euclidean gravity. By analysing the equation of motion, we find that the entangled surface is restricted to be a minimal surface. The entanglement entropy formula is derived directly from the approach of regularized conical singularity. Read More

The purpose of this paper is to study the relationships between a Hom-Lie superalgebra and its induced 3-ary-Hom-Lie superalgebra. We provide an overview of the theory and explore the structure properties such as ideals, center, derived series, solvability, nilpotency, central extensions, and the cohomology. Read More

The electromagnetic form factors and low-energy observables of deuteron are studied with the help of the light-front approach, where the deuteron is regarded as a weekly bound state of a proton and a neutron. Both the $S-$ and $D-$wave interacting vertexes among deuteron, proton, and neutron are taken into account. Moreover, the regularization functions are also introduced. Read More

In this paper, we present direct mass measurements of neutron-rich $^{86}$Kr projectile fragments conducted at the HIRFL-CSR facility in Lanzhou by employing the Isochronous Mass Spectrometry (IMS) method. The new mass excesses of $^{52-54}$Sc nuclides are determined to be -40492(82), -38928(114), -34654(540) keV, which show a significant increase of binding energy compared to the reported ones in the Atomic Mass Evaluation 2012 (AME12). In particular, $^{53}$Sc and $^{54}$Sc are more bound by 0. Read More

In this paper, we present a thorough stress analysis of the Cu-Zr metallic-glass composite with embedded B2 particles subject to a martensitic transformation. Within the framework of the Eshelby theory, we are able to explain, in a quantitative manner, (1) the formation of three types of shear bands with distinct morphologies as observed experimentally in the severely deformed Cu-Zr metallic-glass composite and (2) the work hardening ability of the Cu-Zr metallic-glass composite as related to the coupled effects of elastic back stress and elastic mismatch caused by the martensitic transformation. Furthermore, we also discuss the issues about the stress affected zone of the individual B2 phase and the stability of the crystalline-amorphous interface. Read More

Time-of-flight three dimensional imaging is an important tool for many applications, such as object recognition and remote sensing. Unlike conventional imaging approach using pixelated detector array, single-pixel imaging based on projected patterns, such as Hadamard patterns, utilises an alternative strategy to acquire information with sampling basis. Here we show a modified single-pixel camera using a pulsed illumination source and a high-speed photodiode, capable of reconstructing 128x128 pixel resolution 3D scenes to an accuracy of ~3 mm at a range of ~5 m. Read More

An interferometer system and an imaging system using visible synchrotron radiation (SR) have been installed in HLS II storage ring. Simulations of these two systems are given using Synchrotron Radiation Workshop(SRW) code. With these two systems, the beam energy spread and the beam emittance can be measured. Read More

The relation between star formation rates and stellar masses, i.e. the galaxy main sequence, is a useful diagnostic of galaxy evolution. Read More

The Catalan-Larcombe-French sequence $\{P_n\}_{n\geq 0}$ arises in a series expansion of the complete elliptic integral of the first kind. It has been proved that the sequence is log-balanced. In the paper, by exploring a criterion due to Chen and Xia for testing 2-log-convexity of a sequence satisfying three-term recurrence relation, we prove that the new sequence $\{P^2_n-P_{n-1}P_{n+1}\}_{n\geq 1}$ are strictly log-convex and hence the Catalan-Larcombe-French sequence is strictly 2-log-convex. Read More

Two interesting sequences arose in the study of the series expansions of the complete elliptic integrals, which are called the Catalan-Larcombe-French sequence $\{P_n\}_{n\geq 0}$ and the Fennessey-Larcombe-French sequence $\{V_n\}_{n\geq 0}$ respectively. In this paper, we prove the log-convexity of $\{V_n^2-V_{n-1}V_{n+1}\}_{n\geq 2}$ and $\{n!V_n\}_{n\geq 1}$, the ratio log-concavity of $\{P_n\}_{n\geq 0}$ and the sequence $\{A_n\}_{n\geq 0}$ of Ap\'{e}ry numbers, and the ratio log-convexity of $\{V_n\}_{n\geq 1}$. Read More

Reliable and energy-efficient wireless data transmission remains a major challenge in resource-constrained wireless neural recording tasks, where data compression is generally adopted to relax the burdens on the wireless data link. Recently, Compressed Sensing (CS) theory has successfully demonstrated its potential in neural recording application. The main limitation of CS, however, is that the neural signals have no good sparse representation with commonly used dictionaries and learning a reliable dictionary is often data dependent and computationally demanding. Read More

Timing-pick up detectors with excellent timing resolutions are essential in many modern nuclear physics experiments. Aiming to develop a Time-Of-Flight system with precision down to about 10 ps, we have made a systematic study of the timing characteristic of TOF detectors, which consist of several combinations of plastic scintillators and photomultiplier tubes. With the conventional electronics, the best timing resolution of about 5. Read More

A universal word for a finite alphabet $A$ and some integer $n\geq 1$ is a word over $A$ such that every word in $A^n$ appears exactly once as a subword (cyclically or linearly). It is well-known and easy to prove that universal words exist for any $A$ and $n$. In this work we initiate the systematic study of universal partial words. Read More

We consider the problem of sparse signal recovery from 1-bit measurements. Due to the noise present in the acquisition and transmission process, some quantized bits may be flipped to their opposite states. These sign flips may result in severe performance degradation. Read More

Recently, Z. W. Sun put forward a series of conjectures on monotonicity of combinatorial sequences in the form of $\{z_n/z_{n-1}\}_{n=N}^\infty$ and $\{\sqrt[n+1]{z_{n+1}}/\sqrt[n]{z_n}\}_{n=N}^\infty$ for some positive integer $N$, where $\{z_n\}_{n=0}^\infty$ is a sequence of positive integers. Read More

Recently, Z. W. Sun introduced a new kind of numbers $S_n$ and also posed a conjecture on ratio monotonicity of combinatorial sequences related to $S_n$. Read More

Unlike human learning, machine learning often fails to handle changes between training (source) and test (target) input distributions. Such domain shifts, common in practical scenarios, severely damage the performance of conventional machine learning methods. Supervised domain adaptation methods have been proposed for the case when the target data have labels, including some that perform very well despite being "frustratingly easy" to implement. Read More