B. B. Wu - Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China

B. B. Wu
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B. B. Wu
Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China

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Mathematics - Combinatorics (6)
Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (5)
Quantum Physics (5)
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (3)
Mathematics - Probability (3)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (3)
Computer Science - Robotics (2)
Mathematics - Number Theory (2)
Astrophysics of Galaxies (2)
Computer Science - Logic in Computer Science (2)
Physics - Atomic Physics (2)
Nuclear Experiment (2)
Nuclear Theory (2)
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (2)
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (2)
Physics - Statistical Mechanics (1)
Physics - Optics (1)
Mathematics - Optimization and Control (1)
Physics - Physics and Society (1)
Quantitative Biology - Populations and Evolution (1)
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (1)
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1)
Mathematics - Differential Geometry (1)
Computer Science - Information Theory (1)
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (1)
Physics - Plasma Physics (1)
Mathematics - Information Theory (1)
General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (1)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)
Computer Science - Digital Libraries (1)
Physics - Soft Condensed Matter (1)
Mathematics - History and Overview (1)
Physics - Other (1)

Publications Authored By B. B. Wu

A time evolving fluid system is constructed on a timelike boundary hypersurface at finite cutoff in Vaidya spacetime. The approach used to construct the fluid equations is a direct extension of the ordinary Gravity/Fluid correspondence under the constrained fluctuation obeying Petrov type I conditions. The explicit relationships between the time dependent fluctuation modes and the fluid quantities such as density, velocity field and kinematic viscosity parameters are established, and the resulting fluid system is governed by a system of a sourced continuity equation and a compressible Navier-Stokes equation with non-trivial time evolution. Read More

Conventionally, space-charge (SC) limited current is defined as the maximal current allowed to traverse a diode under a DC voltage when a time-invariant current is injected from cathode. In this work, we study the SC limited current under the time-varying injection for both classical and relativistic regimes and determine the maximal amount of limited current under certain conditions. Our simulations show that it is unlikely that a time-varying injection current emitted from cathode exceeds the known SC limits, in either classical or relativistic regime. Read More

Let $G=(V, E)$ be a graph. A set $S\subseteq V(G)$ is a {\it dominating set} of $G$ if every vertex in $V\setminus S$ is adjacent to a vertex of $S$. The {\it domination number} of $G$, denoted by $\gamma(G)$, is the cardinality of a minimum dominating set of $G$. Read More

POLAR is space-borne detector designed for a precise measurement of gamma-ray polarization of the prompt emissions of Gamma-Ray Bursts in the energy range 50 keV - 500 keV. POLAR is a compact Compton polarimeter consisting of 40$\times$ 40 plastic scintillator bars read out by 25 multi-anode PMTs. In May 2015, we performed a series of tests of the POLAR flight model with 100\% polarized x-rays beams at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility beam-line ID11 aming to study thresholds, crosstalk between channels and responses of POLAR flight model to polarized X-ray beams. Read More

Combination of the electromagnetically-induced-transparency (EIT) effect and Rydberg-state atoms has attracted great attention recently due to its potential application in the photon-photon interaction or qubit operation. In this work, we studied the Rydberg-EIT spectra with room-temperature $^{87}$Rb atoms. Spectroscopic data under various experimental parameters all showed that the contrast of EIT transparency as a function of the probe intensity is initially enhanced, reaches a maximum value and then decays gradually. Read More

Remote sensing research focusing on feature selection has long attracted the attention of the remote sensing community because feature selection is a prerequisite for image processing and various applications. Different feature selection methods have been proposed to improve the classification accuracy. They vary from basic search techniques to clonal selections, and various optimal criteria have been investigated. Read More

We show that eigen-energies and energy eigenstates play different roles in the equilibration process of an isolated quantum system. Their roles are revealed numerically by exchanging the eigen-energies between an integrable model and a non-integrable model. We ?find that the structure of eigenenergies of a non-integrable model characterized by non-degeneracy ensures that quantum revival occurs rarely whereas the energy eigenstates of a non-integrable model suppress the fluctuations for the equilibrated quantum state. Read More

As a general and thus popular model for autonomous systems, partially observable Markov decision process (POMDP) can capture uncertainties from different sources like sensing noises, actuation errors, and uncertain environments. However, its comprehensiveness makes the planning and control in POMDP difficult. Traditional POMDP planning problems target to find the optimal policy to maximize the expectation of accumulated rewards. Read More

This paper considers the permissive supervisor synthesis for probabilistic systems modeled as Markov Decision Processes (MDP). Such systems are prevalent in power grids, transportation networks, communication networks and robotics. Unlike centralized planning and optimization based planning, we propose a novel supervisor synthesis framework based on learning and compositional model checking to generate permissive local supervisors in a distributed manner. Read More

As a space-borne detector POLAR is designed to conduct hard X-ray polarization measurements of gamma-ray bursts on the statistically significant sample of events and with an unprecedented accuracy. During its development phase a number of tests, calibrations runs and verification measurements were carried out in order to validate instrument functionality and optimize operational parameters. In this article we present results on gain optimization togeter with verification data obtained in the course of broad laboratory and environmental tests. Read More

Ultra-cold atomic gases provide new chance to study the universal critical behavior of phase transition. We study theoretically the matter wave interference for ultra-cold Bose gases in the critical regime. We demonstrate that the interference in the momentum distribution can be used to extract the correlation in the Bose gas. Read More

In this paper we study widely-linear precoding techniques to mitigate in-phase/quadrature-phase (IQ) imbalance (IQI) in the downlink of large-scale multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems. We adopt a real-valued signal model which takes into account the IQI at the transmitter and then develop widely-linear zero-forcing (WL-ZF), widely-linear matched filter (WL-MF), widely-linear minimum mean-squared error (WL-MMSE) and widely-linear block-diagonalization (WL-BD) type precoding algorithms for both {\color{red} single- and multiple-antenna users.} We also present a performance analysis of WL-ZF and WL-BD. Read More

We study giant molecular cloud (GMC) collisions and their ability to trigger star cluster formation. We further develop our three dimensional magnetized, turbulent, colliding GMC simulations by implementing star formation sub-grid models. Two such models are explored: (1) "Density-Regulated," i. Read More

Let $S^r(n)$ be the $r$-graph on $n$ vertices with parts $A$ and $B$, where the edges consist of all $r$-tuples with $1$ vertex in $A$ and $r-1$ vertices in $B$, and the sizes of $A$ and $B$ are chosen to maximise the number of edges. Let $M_t^r$ be the $r$-graph with $t$ pairwise disjoint edges. Given an $r$-graph $F$ and a positive integer $p\geq |V(F)|$, we define the {\em extension} of $F$, denoted by $H_{p}^{F}$ as follows: Label the vertices of $F$ as $v_1,\dots,v_{|V(F)|}$. Read More

An $r$-uniform graph $G$ is dense if and only if every proper subgraph $G'$ of $G$ satisfies $\lambda (G') < \lambda (G)$, where $\lambda (G)$ is the Lagrangian of a hypergraph $G$. In 1980's, Sidorenko showed that $\pi(F)$, the Tur\'an density of an $r$-uniform hypergraph $F$ is $r!$ multiplying the supremum of the Lagrangians of all dense $F$-hom-free $r$-uniform hypergraphs. This connection has been applied in estimating Tur\'an density of hypergraphs. Read More

Partially Observable Markov Decision Process (POMDP) is widely used to model probabilistic behavior for complex systems. Compared with MDPs, POMDP models a system more accurate but solving a POMDP generally takes exponential time in the size of its state space. This makes the formal verification and synthesis problems much more challenging for POMDPs, especially when multiple system components are involved. Read More

We present a theoretical framework called Lorentz quantum mechanics, where the dynamics of a system is a complex Lorentz transformation in complex Minkowski space. In contrast, in usual quantum mechanics, the dynamics is the unitary transformation in Hilbert space. In our Lorentz quantum mechanics, there exist three types of states, space-like, light-like, and time-like. Read More

In this paper, we derive a characterization theorem for the path-independent property of the density of the Girsanov transformation for {\it degenerated} stochastic differential equations (SDEs), extending the characterization theorem of \cite{twwy} for the non-degenerated SDEs. We further extends our consideration to non-Lipschitz SDEs with jumps and with degenerated diffusion coefficients, which generalizes the corresponding characterization theorem established in \cite{hqwu}. Read More

Gamma-ray polarimetry is a new powerful tool to study the processes responsible for the emission from astrophysical sources and the environments in which this emission takes place. Few successful polarimetric measurements have however been performed thus far in the gamma-ray energy band due to the difficulties involved. POLAR is a dedicated polarimeter designed to perform high precision measurements of the polarization of the emission from gamma-ray burst in the 50-500 keV energy range. Read More

In this paper, we will present some characterizations for the upper bound of the Bakry-Emery curvature on a Riemannian manifold by using functional inequalities on path space. Moreover, some characterizations for general lower and upper bounds of Ricci curvature are also given, which extends the recent results derived by Naber \cite{N} and Wang-Wu\cite{WW}. Read More

Object detection is a crucial task for autonomous driving. In addition to requiring high accuracy to ensure safety, object detection for autonomous driving also requires real-time inference speed to guarantee prompt vehicle control, as well as small model size and energy efficiency to enable embedded system deployment. In this work, we propose SqueezeDet, a fully convolutional neural network for object detection that aims to simultaneously satisfy all of the above constraints. Read More

This paper presents a method of zero-shot learning (ZSL) which poses ZSL as the missing data problem, rather than the missing label problem. Specifically, most existing ZSL methods focus on learning mapping functions from the image feature space to the label embedding space. Whereas, the proposed method explores a simple yet effective transductive framework in the reverse way \--- our method estimates data distribution of unseen classes in the image feature space by transferring knowledge from the label embedding space. Read More

The High Energy cosmic Radiation Detection (HERD) facility is a space mission designed for detecting cosmic ray (CR) electrons, $\gamma$-rays up to tens of TeV and CR nuclei from proton to iron up to several PeV. The main instrument of HERD is a 3-D imaging calorimeter (CALO) composed of nearly ten thousand cubic LYSO crystals. A large dynamic range of single HERD CALO Cell (HCC) is necessary to achieve HERD's PeV observation objectives, which means that the response of HCC should maintain a good linearity from minimum ionizing particle (MIP) calibration to PeV shower maximum. Read More

Here we report the evidence of the type II Dirac Fermion in the layered crystal PdTe2. The de Haas-van Alphen oscillations find a small Fermi pocket with a cross section of 0.077nm-2 with a nontrivial Berry phase. Read More

Glassy materials are commonly encountered in our daily life. There has been much interest in understanding their microscopic mechanism which controls the flow behavior for scientific as well as technological reasons. However, the structural basis through which the collectivity in particle motion influences their rheological behavior remains to be explored experimentally. Read More

A $\overrightarrow{P_{3}}$-decomposition of a directed graph $D$ is a partition of the arcs of $D$ into directed paths of length $2$. In this paper, we give a characterization for a tournament and a bipartite digraph admitting a $\overrightarrow{P_{3}}$-decomposition. This solves a problem posed by Diwan ($\overrightarrow{P_{3}}$-decomposition of directed graphs, Discrete Appl. Read More

Why are white and black piano keys in an octave arranged as they are today? This article examines the relations between abstract algebra and key signature, scales, degrees, and keyboard configurations in general equal-temperament systems. Without confining the study to the twelve-tone equal-temperament (12-TET) system, we propose a set of basic axioms based on musical observations. The axioms may lead to scales that are reasonable both mathematically and musically in any equal-temperament system. Read More

Using exact Bethe ansatz (BA) solutions, we show that a spin-down fermion immersed into a fully polarized spin-up Fermi sea with a weak attraction is dressed by the surrounding spin-up fermions to form the one-dimensional analog of a polaron. As the attraction becomes strong, the spin-down fermion binds with one spin-up fermion to form a tightly bound molecule. Throughout the whole interaction regime, a crossover from the polaron to a molecule state is fully demonstrated through exact results of the excitation spectrum, the effective mass, binding energy and kinetic energy. Read More

Academic leadership is essential for research innovation and impact. Until now, there has been no dedicated measure of leadership by bibliometrics. Popular bibliometric indices are mainly based on academic output, such as the journal impact factor and the number of citations. Read More

Given a positive integer $n$ and an $r$-uniform hypergraph (or $r$-graph for short) $F$, the Turan number $ex(n,F)$ of $F$ is the maximum number of edges in an $r$-graph on $n$ vertices that does not contain $F$ as a subgraph. The extension $H^F $ of $F$ is obtained as follows: For each pair of vertices $v_i,v_j$ in $F$ not contained in an edge of $F$, we add a set $B_{ij}$ of $r-2$ new vertices and the edge $\{v_i,v_j\} \cup B_{ij}$, where the $B_{ij}$ 's are pairwise disjoint over all such pairs $\{i,j\}$. Let $K^r_p$ denote the complete $r$-graph on $p$ vertices. Read More

A Majorana fermion in the bulk of Kitaev's spinless p-wave superconductor can hop dynamically only in one direction while its partner (together they make up an electron) can hop only in the opposite direction. This one-way dynamical motion is elementary; more complex dynamics, even the famed edge modes, can be understood in terms of these one-way motions. One immediate consequence is that the wave function of an electron in such a superconductor is always localized. Read More

We present a general method of constructing maximally localized Wannier functions. It consists of three steps: (1) picking a localized trial wave function, (2) performing a full band projection, and (3) orthonormalizing with the Lowdin method. Our method is capable of producing maximally localized Wannier functions without further minimization, and it can be applied straightforwardly to random potentials without using supercells. Read More

Using deep inelastic scattering on a large nucleus as an example, we consider the transverse momentum broadening of partons in hard processes in the presence of medium. We find that one can factorize the vacuum radiation contribution and medium related $P_T$ broadening effects into the Sudakov factor and medium dependent distributions, respectively. Our derivations can be generalized to other hard processes, such as dijet productions, which can be used as a probe to measure the medium $P_T$ broadening effects in heavy ion collisions when Sudakov effects are not overwhelming. Read More

We demonstrate a method to generate spatially homogeneous entangled, spin-squeezed states of atoms appropriate for maintaining a large amount of squeezing even after release into the arm of a matter-wave interferometer or other free space quantum sensor. Using an effective intracavity dipole trap, we allow atoms to move along the cavity axis and time average their coupling to the standing wave used to generate entanglement via collective measurements, demonstrating 11(1) dB of directly observed spin squeezing. Our results show that time averaging in collective measurements can greatly reduce the impact of spatially inhomogeneous coupling to the measurement apparatus. Read More

Invisibility cloak capable of hiding an object can be achieved by properly manipulating electromagnetic field. Such a remarkable ability has been shown in transformation and ray optics. Alternatively, it may be realistic to create a spatial cloak by means of confining electromagnetic field in three-dimensional arrayed waveguides and introducing appropriate collective curvature surrounding an object. Read More

It has been reported that power-law distribution plays a fundamental role in critical phenomena in scale-free networks. In this paper, we show that degree distribution can not determine phase transitions and critical phenomena for complex structures generally even in scale-free case. For this purpose, we study the cryogenic behaviors of ideal Bose gases governed by modified tight-binding Hamiltonian in two scale-free structures $\mathcal{G}^1$ and $\mathcal{G}^2$ with identical degree distribution. Read More

In this paper, we further investigate properties of generalized bent Boolean functions from $\Z_{p}^n$ to $\Z_{p^k}$, where $p$ is an odd prime and $k$ is a positive integer. For various kinds of representations, sufficient and necessary conditions for bent-ness of such functions are given in terms of their various kinds of component functions. Furthermore, a subclass of gbent functions corresponding to relative difference sets, which we call $\Z_{p^k}$-bent functions, are studied. Read More

The ability to automatically detect other vehicles on the road is vital to the safety of partially-autonomous and fully-autonomous vehicles. Most of the high-accuracy techniques for this task are based on R-CNN or one of its faster variants. In the research community, much emphasis has been applied to using 3D vision or complex R-CNN variants to achieve higher accuracy. Read More

We investigate giant molecular cloud (GMCs) collisions and their ability to induce gravitational instability and thus star formation. This mechanism may be a major driver of star formation activity in galactic disks. We carry out a series of three dimensional, magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), adaptive mesh refinement (AMR) simulations to study how cloud collisions trigger formation of dense filaments and clumps. Read More

Neutron stars are ideal astrophysical laboratories for testing theories of the de Haas-van Alphen (dHvA) effect and diamagnetic phase transition which is associated with magnetic domain formation. The "magnetic interaction" between delocalized magnetic moments of electrons (the Shoenberg effect), can result in an effect of the diamagnetic phase transition into domains of alternating magnetization (Condon's domains). Associated with the domain formation are prominent magnetic field oscillation and anisotropic magnetic stress which may be large enough to fracture the crust of magnetar with a super-strong field. Read More

Let $M$ be a complete Riemannian manifold possibly with a boundary $\partial M$. For any $C^1$-vector field $Z$, by using gradient/functional inequalities of the (reflecting) diffusion process generated by $L:=\Delta+Z$, pointwise characterizations are presented for the Bakry-Emery curvature of $L$ and the second fundamental form of $\partial M$ if exists. These extend and strengthen the recent results derived by A. Read More

In this paper, we investigate properties of functions from $\mathbb{Z}_{p}^n$ to $\mathbb{Z}_q$, where $p$ is an odd prime and $q$ is a positive integer divided by $p$. we present the sufficient and necessary conditions for bent-ness of such generalized Boolean functions in terms of classical $p$-ary bent functions, when $q=p^k$. When $q$ is divided by $p$ but not a power of it, we give an sufficient condition for weakly regular gbent functions. Read More

We propose a hierarchical design framework to automatically synthesize coordination schemes and control policies for cooperative multi-agent systems to fulfill formal performance requirements, by associating a bottom-up reactive motion controller with a top-down mission plan. On one hand, starting from a global mission that is specified as a regular language over all the agents' mission capabilities, a mission planning layer sits on the top of the proposed framework, decomposing the global mission into local tasks that are in consistency with each agent's individual capabilities, and compositionally justifying whether the achievement of local tasks implies the satisfaction of the global mission via an assume-guarantee paradigm. On the other hand, bottom-up motion plans associated with each agent are synthesized corresponding to the obtained local missions by composing basic motion primitives, which are verified safe by differential dynamic logic (d$\mathcal{L}$), through a Satisfiability Modulo Theories (SMT) solver that searches feasible solutions in face of constraints imposed by local task requirements and the environment description. Read More

This paper revisits the integer programming (IP) problem, which plays a fundamental role in many computer vision and machine learning applications. The literature abounds with many seminal works that address this problem, some focusing on continuous approaches (e.g. Read More

We investigate experimentally the dynamical relaxation of a non-integrable quantum many-body system to its equilibrium state. A Bose-Einstein condensate is loaded into the first excited band of an optical lattice and let to evolve up to a few hundreds of milliseconds. Signs of quantum equilibration are observed. Read More

Integrated Task and Motion Planning (ITMP) for mobile robots in a dynamic environment with moving obstacles is a challenging research question and attracts more and more attentions recently. Most existing methods either restrict to static environments or lack performance guarantees. This motivates us to investigate the ITMP problem using formal methods and propose a bottom-up compositional design approach called CoSMoP (Composition of Safe Motion Primitives). Read More

We study the dijet azimuthal de-correlation in relativistic heavy ion collisions as an important probe of the transverse momentum broadening effects of a high energy jet traversing the quark-gluon plasma. We take into account both the soft gluon radiation in vacuum associated with the Sudakov logarithms and the jet P_T-broadening effects in the QCD medium. We find that the Sudakov effects are dominant at the LHC, while the medium effects can play an important role at RHIC energies. Read More

We investigate in this paper the generalized trust region subproblem (GTRS) of minimizing a general quadratic objective function subject to a general quadratic inequality constraint. By applying a simultaneous block diagonalization approach, we obtain a congruent canonical form for the symmetric matrices in both the objective and constraint functions. By exploiting the block separability of the canonical form, we show that all GTRSs with an optimal value bounded from below are second order cone programming (SOCP) representable. Read More

Epidemic control is of great importance for human society. Adjusting interacting partners is an effective individualized control strategy. Intuitively, it is done either by shortening the interaction time between susceptible and infected individuals or by increasing the opportunities for contact between susceptible individuals. Read More

The Catalan-Larcombe-French sequence $\{P_n\}_{n\geq 0}$ arises in a series expansion of the complete elliptic integral of the first kind. It has been proved that the sequence is log-balanced. In the paper, by exploring a criterion due to Chen and Xia for testing 2-log-convexity of a sequence satisfying three-term recurrence relation, we prove that the new sequence $\{P^2_n-P_{n-1}P_{n+1}\}_{n\geq 1}$ are strictly log-convex and hence the Catalan-Larcombe-French sequence is strictly 2-log-convex. Read More