B. \

B. \

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B. \
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Astrophysics (4)
 
Physics - Materials Science (4)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
 
Physics - Chemical Physics (2)
 
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (2)
 
Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (2)
 
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Theory (1)
 
Nuclear Experiment (1)
 
Computer Science - Computation and Language (1)
 
Quantum Physics (1)
 
Physics - Optics (1)
 
Mathematics - Functional Analysis (1)
 
Mathematics - Classical Analysis and ODEs (1)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (1)
 
Physics - Instrumentation and Detectors (1)
 
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (1)
 
Physics - Mesoscopic Systems and Quantum Hall Effect (1)

Publications Authored By B. \

In this work, we present the investigation of temperature dependent hall measurement of the ultra thin VO$_2$ films grown on Si/SiO$_2$ substrate. Experimental results suggest that electrons are the predominant carrier both in the semiconducting and metallic phases. The decrease of the resistivity with increasing temperature is mainly caused by the increase in the number density of charge carriers. Read More

2016Feb
Affiliations: 1School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, 2School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, 3Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 4Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 5Jožef Stefan Institute, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, 6Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 7Department of Physics, University of Zagreb, HR-10002 Zagreb, Croatia, 8Jožef Stefan Institute, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, 9Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 10Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 11Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 12Department of Physics, University of Zagreb, HR-10002 Zagreb, Croatia, 13Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, NJ 08855, USA, 14School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, 15School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, 16Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 17Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 18Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 19Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 20School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel, 21Jožef Stefan Institute, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, 22University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208, USA, 23Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 24Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 91904, Israel, 25Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 26Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 27Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 28Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 29Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 30Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 31Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany, 32Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, 55099 Mainz, Germany

Possible differences between free and bound protons may be observed in the ratio of polarization-transfer components, $P'_x/P'_z$. We report the measurement of $P'_x/P'_z$, in the $^2\textrm{H}(\vec{e},e^{\prime}\vec{p})n$ reaction at low and high missing momenta. Observed increasing deviation of $P'_x/P'_z$ from that of a free proton as a function of the virtuality, similar to that observed in \hefour, indicates that the effect in nuclei is due to the virtuality of the knock-out proton and not due to the average nuclear density. Read More

2015Sep
Authors: Planck Collaboration, P. A. R. Ade, N. Aghanim, M. Arnaud, M. Ashdown, J. Aumont, C. Baccigalupi, A. J. Banday, R. B. Barreiro, J. G. Bartlett, N. Bartolo, E. Battaner, K. Benabed, A. Benoît, A. Benoit-Lévy, J. -P. Bernard, M. Bersanelli, P. Bielewicz, J. J. Bock, A. Bonaldi, L. Bonavera, J. R. Bond, J. Borrill, F. R. Bouchet, F. Boulanger, M. Bucher, C. Burigana, R. C. Butler, E. Calabrese, J. -F. Cardoso, G. Castex, A. Catalano, A. Challinor, A. Chamballu, H. C. Chiang, P. R. Christensen, D. L. Clements, S. Colombi, L. P. L. Colombo, C. Combet, F. Couchot, A. Coulais, B. P. Crill, A. Curto, F. Cuttaia, L. Danese, R. D. Davies, R. J. Davis, P. de Bernardis, A. de Rosa, G. de Zotti, J. Delabrouille, J. -M. Delouis, F. -X. Désert, C. Dickinson, J. M. Diego, K. Dolag, H. Dole, S. Donzelli, O. Doré, M. Douspis, A. Ducout, X. Dupac, G. Efstathiou, F. Elsner, T. A. Enßlin, H. K. Eriksen, J. Fergusson, F. Finelli, O. Forni, M. Frailis, A. A. Fraisse, E. Franceschi, A. Frejsel, S. Galeotta, S. Galli, K. Ganga, T. Ghosh, M. Giard, Y. Giraud-Héraud, E. Gjerløw, J. González-Nuevo, K. M. Górski, S. Gratton, A. Gregorio, A. Gruppuso, J. E. Gudmundsson, F. K. Hansen, D. Hanson, D. L. Harrison, S. Henrot-Versillé, C. Hernández-Monteagudo, D. Herranz, S. R. Hildebrandt, E. Hivon, M. Hobson, W. A. Holmes, A. Hornstrup, W. Hovest, K. M. Huffenberger, G. Hurier, A. H. Jaffe, T. R. Jaffe, W. C. Jones, M. Juvela, A. Karakci, E. Keihänen, R. Keskitalo, K. Kiiveri, T. S. Kisner, R. Kneissl, J. Knoche, M. Kunz, H. Kurki-Suonio, G. Lagache, J. -M. Lamarre, A. Lasenby, M. Lattanzi, C. R. Lawrence, R. Leonardi, J. Lesgourgues, F. Levrier, M. Liguori, P. B. Lilje, M. Linden-Vørnle, V. Lindholm, M. López-Caniego, P. M. Lubin, J. F. Macías-Pérez, G. Maggio, D. Maino, N. Mandolesi, A. Mangilli, M. Maris, P. G. Martin, E. Martínez-González, S. Masi, S. Matarrese, P. McGehee, P. R. Meinhold, A. Melchiorri, J. -B. Melin, L. Mendes, A. Mennella, M. Migliaccio, S. Mitra, M. -A. Miville-Deschênes, A. Moneti, L. Montier, G. Morgante, D. Mortlock, A. Moss, D. Munshi, J. A. Murphy, P. Naselsky, F. Nati, P. Natoli, C. B. Netterfield, H. U. Nørgaard-Nielsen, F. Noviello, D. Novikov, I. Novikov, C. A. Oxborrow, F. Paci, L. Pagano, F. Pajot, D. Paoletti, F. Pasian, G. Patanchon, T. J. Pearson, O. Perdereau, L. Perotto, F. Perrotta, V. Pettorino, F. Piacentini, M. Piat, E. Pierpaoli, D. Pietrobon, S. Plaszczynski, E. Pointecouteau, G. Polenta, G. W. Pratt, G. Prézeau, S. Prunet, J. -L. Puget, J. P. Rachen, R. Rebolo, M. Reinecke, M. Remazeilles, C. Renault, A. Renzi, I. Ristorcelli, G. Rocha, M. Roman, C. Rosset, M. Rossetti, G. Roudier, J. A. Rubiño-Martín, B. Rusholme, M. Sandri, D. Santos, M. Savelainen, D. Scott, M. D. Seiffert, E. P. S. Shellard, L. D. Spencer, V. Stolyarov, R. Stompor, R. Sudiwala, D. Sutton, A. -S. Suur-Uski, J. -F. Sygnet, J. A. Tauber, L. Terenzi, L. Toffolatti, M. Tomasi, M. Tristram, M. Tucci, J. Tuovinen, L. Valenziano, J. Valiviita, B. Van Tent, P. Vielva, F. Villa, L. A. Wade, B. D. Wandelt, I. K. Wehus, N. Welikala, D. Yvon, A. Zacchei, A. Zonca

We present the 8th Full Focal Plane simulation set (FFP8), deployed in support of the Planck 2015 results. FFP8 consists of 10 fiducial mission realizations reduced to 18144 maps, together with the most massive suite of Monte Carlo realizations of instrument noise and CMB ever generated, comprising $10^4$ mission realizations reduced to about $10^6$ maps. The resulting maps incorporate the dominant instrumental, scanning, and data analysis effects; remaining subdominant effects will be included in future updates. Read More

Edges naturally exist in a single-layer graphene sample. Similarly, individual graphene layers in a multilayer graphene sample contribute their own edges. We study the Raman spectrum at the edge of a graphene layer laid on n layer graphene (nLG). Read More

Context. The Vista Variables in the V\'ia L\'actea (VVV) ESO Public Survey is a variability survey of the Milky Way bulge and an adjacent section of the disk carried out from 2010 on ESO Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (VISTA). VVV will eventually deliver a deep near-IR atlas with photometry and positions in five passbands (ZYJHK_S) and a catalogue of 1-10 million variable point sources - mostly unknown - which require classifications. Read More

Gravitational microlensing events produced by lenses composed of binary masses are important because they provide a major channel to determine physical parameters of lenses. In this work, we analyze the light curves of two binary-lens events OGLE-2006-BLG-277 and OGLE-2012-BLG-0031 for which the light curves exhibit strong deviations from standard models. From modeling considering various second-order effects, we find that the deviations are mostly explained by the effect of the lens orbital motion. Read More

Let $[a,b] $ be an interval in $\mathbb{R}$ and let $F$ be a real valued function defined at the endpoints of $[a,b]$ and with a certain number of discontinuities within $[a,b] $. Having assumed $F$ to be differentiable on a set $[a,b] \backslash E$ to the derivative $f$, where $E$ is a subset of $[a,b] $ at whose points $F$ can take values $\pm \infty $ or not be defined at all, we adopt the convention that $F$ and $f$ are equal to 0 at all points of $E$ and show that $\mathcal{KH-}vt\int_{a}^{b}f=F(b) -F(a)$%, where $\mathcal{KH-}$ $vt$ denotes the total value of the \textit{% Kurzweil-Henstock} integral. The paper ends with a few examples that illustrate the theory. Read More

We present the first results on the Dalitz-plot structure and improved measurements of the time-dependent CP-violation parameters of the process $B^0 \rightarrow K^0_S K^0_S K^0_S$ obtained using $468\times10^{6}$ $B\bar{B}$ decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy $B$ factory at SLAC. The Dalitz-plot structure is probed by a time-integrated amplitude analysis that does not distinguish between $B^0$ and $\bar{B}^0$ decays. We measure the total inclusive branching fraction ${\cal B}($B^0$ \rightarrow K^0_S K^0_S K^0_S)=\rm (6. Read More

The Ultra-Fast Flash Observatory (UFFO) Pathfinder is a payload on the Russian Lomonosov satellite, scheduled to be launched in November 2011. The Observatory is designed to detect early UV/Optical photons from Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs). There are two telescopes and one main data acquisition system: the UFFO Burst Alert & Trigger Telescope (UBAT), the Slewing Mirror Telescope (SMT), and the UFFO Data Acquisition (UDAQ) system. Read More

The Ultra-Fast Flash Observatory-Pathfinder (UFFO-P) is to be launched onboard Lomonosov spacecraft in November 2011. It is to measure early UV/Optical photons from Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs). Slewing Mirror Telescope (SMT) is one of two instruments designed for detection of UV/Optical images of the GRBs. Read More

In topological insulators (TI), strong spin-orbit coupling results in non-trivial scattering processes of the surface states, whose effects include suppressed back scattering1, 2, 3, 4 weak anti-localization5, 6 and the possibility of an exotic Kondo effect that mimics graphene7. Introducing time reversal breaking perturbations and establishing long-range magnetic order has been theorized to lead to the formation of quantized magnetoelectric phenomena8, fractionalized charge excitations, and the appearance of quantum wire states9. A key, elusive, step in exploring these and other novel electronic phases is the experimental observation of charge backscattering due to spin-flip processes at the surface of a magnetically-doped TI. Read More

2008Dec

We consider the problem of the measurement of very small displacements in the transverse plane of an optical image with a split photodetector. We show that the standard quantum limit for such a measurement, which is equal to the diffraction limit divided by the square root of the number of photons used in the measurement, cannot be overcome by use of ordinary single-mode squeezed light. We give the form of possible multimode nonclassical states of light, enabling us to enhance by orders of magnitude the resolution of such a measurement beyond the standard quantum limit. Read More

2005Nov
Affiliations: 1IAG - Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil;, 2University College London, UK;, 3University College London, UK;, 4Insituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Spain;, 5Insituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Spain;
Category: Astrophysics

We have constructed a 3D photoionisation model of a planetary nebula (PN) similar in structure to NGC 7009 with its outer pair of knots (also known as FLIERs --fast, low-ionization emission regions). The work is motivated by the fact that the strong [N II]6583A line emission from FLIERs in many planetary nebulae has been attributed to a significant local overabundance of nitrogen. We explore the possibility that the apparent enhanced nitrogen abundance previously reported in the FLIERs may be due to ionization effects. Read More

we experimentally implement a fault-tolerant quantum key distribution protocol with two photons in a decoherence-free subspace (DFS). It is demonstrated that our protocol can yield good key rate even with large bit-flip error rate caused by collective rotation, while the usual realization of BB84 protocol cannot produce any secure final key given the same channel. Since the experiment is performed in polarization space and does not need the calibration of reference frame, important applications in free-space quantum communication are expected. Read More

We have initiated a long-term project, the BOAO photometric survey of open clusters, to enlarge our understanding of galactic structure using UBVI CCD photometry of open clusters which have been little studied before. This is the second paper of the project in which we present the photometry of 12 open clusters. We have determined the cluster parameters by fitting the Padova isochrones to the color-magnitude diagrams of the clusters. Read More

We propose a new formula for extracting the polarized gluon distribution $\Delta g$ in the proton from the large--$p_T$ light hadron pair production in deep inelastic semi-inclusive reactions. Though the process dominantly occurs via photon--gluon fusion(PGF) and QCD Compton, we can remove an effect of QCD Compton from the combined cross section of light hadron pair production by using symmetry relation among fragmentation functions and thus, rather clearly extract information of $\Delta g$. Read More

Epitaxial thin films of stoichiometric ${\rm LaMnO_3}$ were grown on ${\rm SrTiO_3(110)}$ substrates using the pulsed laser deposition technique. From the high resolution x-ray diffraction measurements, the lattice parameters were determined as a function of temperature and the cooperative Jahn-Teller transition was found to occur at $T_{JT}$=573.0 K. Read More

The periodic bounce configurations responsible for quantum tunneling are obtained explicitly and are extended to the finite energy case for minisuperspace models of the Universe. As a common feature of the tunneling models at finite energy considered here we observe that the period of the bounce increases with energy monotonically. The periodic bounces do not have bifurcations and make no contribution to the nucleation rate except the one with zero energy. Read More

1998Apr
Affiliations: 1International School for Advanced Studies, SISSA/ISAS, Italy;, 2Istituto di Fisica Cosmica e Tecnologie Relative, IFCTR/CNR, Milano, Italy
Category: Astrophysics

The blazar Mkn 421 has been observed, as part of the AO1 Core Program, five times from 2 to 7 May 1997. In the LECS+MECS energy band the spectrum shows convex curvature, well represented by a broken power--law. Flux variability (more than a factor 2) has been detected over the entire 0. Read More

We present preliminary results of BeppoSAX AO1 observations of 3C 273 performed in January 1997. We also present a close comparison with data obtained during the satellite SVP, in July 1996. On average, the AO1 flux is about a factor 2 higher than the flux detected during the SVP, and roughly on the middle of the historical X-ray flux range. Read More

1996Jul
Affiliations: 1ITRI, University of Brighton, 2Computational Linguistics, Carnegie Mellon University

Building text planning resources by hand is time-consuming and difficult. Certainly, a number of planning architectures and their accompanying plan libraries have been implemented, but while the architectures themselves may be reused in a new domain, the library of plans typically cannot. One way to address this problem is to use machine learning techniques to automate the derivation of planning resources for new domains. Read More

Using microwave detected, microwave-optical double resonance, we have measured the homogeneous linewidths of individual rovibrational transitions in the \~A state of NH3, NH2D, NHD2, and ND3. We have used this excited state spectroscopic data to characterize the height of the dissociation barrier and the mechanisms by which the molecule uses its excess vibrational and rotational energies to help overcome this barrier. To interpret the observed vibronic widths, a one dimensional, local mode potential has been developed along a N-H(D) bond. Read More

Microwave detected, microwave-optical double resonance was used to record the A state electronic spectrum of NH3, NH2D, and NHD2 with both vibrational and rotational resolution. To investigate ND3 with the same resolution as we had with our hydrogen containing isotopomers, a strip-line cell was constructed allowing the simultaneous passage of radio-frequency and ultraviolet radiation. Rotational constants were obtained as a function of nu2 excitation and an A state equilibrium bond length was estimated at 1. Read More