# Arnab Bhattacharyya

## Contact Details

NameArnab Bhattacharyya |
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## Pubs By Year |
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## Pub CategoriesComputer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (18) Computer Science - Computational Complexity (13) Mathematics - Combinatorics (10) Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics (9) Computer Science - Information Theory (4) Mathematics - Information Theory (4) Nonlinear Sciences - Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems (2) Computer Science - Multiagent Systems (2) Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (1) Quantitative Biology - Molecular Networks (1) Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods (1) Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1) Mathematics - Numerical Analysis (1) Physics - Materials Science (1) Computer Science - Databases (1) Computer Science - Learning (1) Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1) |

## Publications Authored By Arnab Bhattacharyya

Unlike compressive sensing where the measurement outputs are assumed to be real-valued and have infinite precision, in "one-bit compressive sensing", measurements are quantized to one bit, their signs. In this work, we show how to recover the support of sparse high-dimensional vectors in the one-bit compressive sensing framework with an asymptotically near-optimal number of measurements. We also improve the bounds on the number of measurements for approximately recovering vectors from one-bit compressive sensing measurements. Read More

A locally correctable code (LCC) is an error correcting code that allows correction of any arbitrary coordinate of a corrupted codeword by querying only a few coordinates. We show that any {\em zero-error} $2$-query locally correctable code $\mathcal{C}: \{0,1\}^k \to \Sigma^n$ that can correct a constant fraction of corrupted symbols must have $n \geq \exp(k/\log|\Sigma|)$. We say that an LCC is zero-error if there exists a non-adaptive corrector algorithm that succeeds with probability $1$ when the input is an uncorrupted codeword. Read More

The dictionary learning (or sparse coding) problem plays an important role in signal processing, neuroscience, statistics and machine learning. Given a collection of vectors, the goal is to learn a basis with respect to which all the given vectors have a sparse representation. In this work, we study the testing analogue of this problem. Read More

We give the first optimal bounds for returning the $\ell_1$-heavy hitters in a data stream of insertions, together with their approximate frequencies, closing a long line of work on this problem. For a stream of $m$ items in $\{1, 2, \dots, n\}$ and parameters $0 < \epsilon < \phi \leq 1$, let $f_i$ denote the frequency of item $i$, i.e. Read More

The effect of substrate was studied using nanoindentation on thin films. Soft films on hard substrate showed more pile up than usual which was attributed to the dislocation pile up at the film substrate interface. The effect of tip blunting on the load depth and hardness plots of nanoindentation was shown. Read More

This work investigates the hardness of computing sparse solutions to systems of linear equations over F_2. Consider the k-EvenSet problem: given a homogeneous system of linear equations over F_2 on n variables, decide if there exists a nonzero solution of Hamming weight at most k (i.e. Read More

Affine-invariant codes are codes whose coordinates form a vector space over a finite field and which are invariant under affine transformations of the coordinate space. They form a natural, well-studied class of codes; they include popular codes such as Reed-Muller and Reed-Solomon. A particularly appealing feature of affine-invariant codes is that they seem well-suited to admit local correctors and testers. Read More

We investigate the problem of winner determination from computational social choice theory in the data stream model. Specifically, we consider the task of summarizing an arbitrarily ordered stream of $n$ votes on $m$ candidates into a small space data structure so as to be able to obtain the winner determined by popular voting rules. As we show, finding the exact winner requires storing essentially all the votes. Read More

Higher-order Fourier analysis, developed over prime fields, has been recently used in different areas of computer science, including list decoding, algorithmic decomposition and testing. We extend the tools of higher-order Fourier analysis to analyze functions over general fields. Using these new tools, we revisit the results in the above areas. Read More

The Hegselmann-Krause system (HK system for short) is one of the most popular models for the dynamics of opinion formation in multiagent systems. Agents are modeled as points in opinion space, and at every time step, each agent moves to the mass center of all the agents within unit distance. The rate of convergence of HK systems has been the subject of several recent works. Read More

We first consider the problem of learning $k$-parities in the on-line mistake-bound model: given a hidden vector $x \in \{0,1\}^n$ with $|x|=k$ and a sequence of "questions" $a_1, a_2, ... Read More

Predicting the winner of an election is a favorite problem both for news media pundits and computational social choice theorists. Since it is often infeasible to elicit the preferences of all the voters in a typical prediction scenario, a common algorithm used for winner prediction is to run the election on a small sample of randomly chosen votes and output the winner as the prediction. We analyze the performance of this algorithm for many common voting rules. Read More

Consider the approximate sparse recovery problem: given Ax, where A is a known m-by-n dimensional matrix and x is an unknown (approximately) sparse n-dimensional vector, recover an approximation to x. The goal is to design the matrix A such that m is small and recovery is efficient. Moreover, it is often desirable for A to have other nice properties, such as explicitness, sparsity, and discreteness. Read More

In analogy with the regularity lemma of Szemer\'edi, regularity lemmas for polynomials shown by Green and Tao (Contrib. Discrete Math. 2009) and by Kaufman and Lovett (FOCS 2008) modify a given collection of polynomials \calF = {P_1,. Read More

Indian Centre for Space Physics is engaged in long duration balloon borne experiments with typical payloads less than ~ 3kg. Low cost rubber balloons are used. In a double balloon system, the booster balloon lifts the orbiter balloon to its cruising altitude where data is taken for a long time. Read More

We show that the independent set sequence of a bipartite graph need not be unimodal. Read More

Let F = F_p for any fixed prime p >= 2. An affine-invariant property is a property of functions on F^n that is closed under taking affine transformations of the domain. We prove that all affine-invariant property having local characterizations are testable. Read More

We study convergence of the following discrete-time non-linear dynamical system: n agents are located in R^d and at every time step, each moves synchronously to the average location of all agents within a unit distance of it. This popularly studied system was introduced by Krause to model the dynamics of opinion formation and is often referred to as the Hegselmann-Krause model. We prove the first polynomial time bound for the convergence of this system in arbitrary dimensions. Read More

Suppose we are given an oracle that claims to approximate the permanent for most matrices X, where X is chosen from the Gaussian ensemble (the matrix entries are i.i.d. Read More

Invariance with respect to linear or affine transformations of the domain is arguably the most common symmetry exhibited by natural algebraic properties. In this work, we show that any low complexity affine-invariant property of multivariate functions over finite fields is testable with a constant number of queries. This immediately reproves, for instance, that the Reed-Muller code over F_p of degree d < p is testable, with an argument that uses no detailed algebraic information about polynomials except that low degree is preserved by composition with affine maps. Read More

Call a function f : F_2^n -> {0,1} odd-cycle-free if there are no x_1, ... Read More

We prove that the size of the sparsest directed k-spanner of a graph can be approximated in polynomial time to within a factor of $\tilde{O}(\sqrt{n})$, for all k >= 3. This improves the $\tilde{O}(n^{2/3})$-approximation recently shown by Dinitz and Krauthgamer. Read More

Given a directed graph G and an integer k >= 1, a k-transitive-closure-spanner (k-TCspanner) of G is a directed graph H that has (1) the same transitive-closure as G and (2) diameter at most k. In some applications, the shortcut paths added to the graph in order to obtain small diameter can use Steiner vertices, that is, vertices not in the original graph G. The resulting spanner is called a Steiner transitive-closure spanner (Steiner TC-spanner). Read More

The study of the interplay between the testability of properties of Boolean functions and the invariances acting on their domain which preserve the property was initiated by Kaufman and Sudan (STOC 2008). Invariance with respect to F_2-linear transformations is arguably the most common symmetry exhibited by natural properties of Boolean functions on the hypercube. Hence, an important goal in Property Testing is to describe necessary and sufficient conditions for the testability of linear-invariant properties. Read More

Properties of Boolean functions on the hypercube invariant with respect to linear transformations of the domain are among the most well-studied properties in the context of property testing. In this paper, we study the fundamental class of linear-invariant properties called matroid freeness properties. These properties have been conjectured to essentially coincide with all testable linear-invariant properties, and a recent sequence of works has established testability for increasingly larger subclasses. Read More

We consider the problem of testing if a given function f : F_2^n -> F_2 is close to any degree d polynomial in n variables, also known as the Reed-Muller testing problem. The Gowers norm is based on a natural 2^{d+1}-query test for this property. Alon et al. Read More

One of the characteristic features of genetic networks is their inherent robustness, that is, their ability to retain functionality in spite of the introduction of random errors. In this paper, we seek to better understand how robustness is achieved and what functionalities can be maintained robustly. Our goal is to formalize some of the language used in biological discussions in a reasonable mathematical framework, where questions can be answered in a rigorous fashion. Read More

We consider the task of testing properties of Boolean functions that are invariant under linear transformations of the Boolean cube. Previous work in property testing, including the linearity test and the test for Reed-Muller codes, has mostly focused on such tasks for linear properties. The one exception is a test due to Green for "triangle freeness": a function $f:\cube^{n}\to\cube$ satisfies this property if $f(x),f(y),f(x+y)$ do not all equal 1, for any pair $x,y\in\cube^{n}$. Read More

Given a directed graph G = (V,E) and an integer k>=1, a k-transitive-closure-spanner (k-TC-spanner) of G is a directed graph H = (V, E_H) that has (1) the same transitive-closure as G and (2) diameter at most k. These spanners were implicitly studied in access control, data structures, and property testing, and properties of these spanners have been rediscovered over the span of 20 years. The main goal in each of these applications is to obtain the sparsest k-TC-spanners. Read More