Anirban Dasgupta

Anirban Dasgupta
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Anirban Dasgupta
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Computer Science - Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (7)
 
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (4)
 
Mathematics - Statistics (2)
 
Statistics - Theory (2)
 
Physics - Physics and Society (1)
 
Computer Science - Artificial Intelligence (1)
 
Computer Science - Computer Science and Game Theory (1)
 
Physics - Data Analysis; Statistics and Probability (1)

Publications Authored By Anirban Dasgupta

Given $m$ distributed data streams $A_1, \dots, A_m$, we consider the problem of estimating the number of unique identifiers in streams defined by set expressions over $A_1, \dots, A_m$. We identify a broad class of algorithms for solving this problem, and show that the estimators output by any algorithm in this class are perfectly unbiased and satisfy strong variance bounds. Our analysis unifies and generalizes a variety of earlier results in the literature. Read More

This paper presents a database of human faces for persons wearing spectacles. The database consists of images of faces having significant variations with respect to illumination, head pose, skin color, facial expressions and sizes, and nature of spectacles. The database contains data of 60 subjects. Read More

In this paper, a modified algorithm for the detection of nasal and temporal eye corners is presented. The algorithm is a modification of the Santos and Proenka Method. In the first step, we detect the face and the eyes using classifiers based on Haar-like features. Read More

This paper evaluates four algorithms for denoising raw Electrooculography (EOG) data based on the Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR). The SNR is computed using the eigenvalue method. The filtering algorithms are a) Finite Impulse Response (FIR) bandpass filters, b) Stationary Wavelet Transform, c) Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) d) FIR Median Hybrid Filters. Read More

This thesis describes the development of fast algorithms for the computation of PERcentage CLOSure of eyes (PERCLOS) and Saccadic Ratio (SR). PERCLOS and SR are two ocular parameters reported to be measures of alertness levels in human beings. PERCLOS is the percentage of time in which at least 80% of the eyelid remains closed over the pupil. Read More

Human Computer Interaction (HCI) is an evolving area of research for coherent communication between computers and human beings. Some of the important applications of HCI as reported in literature are face detection, face pose estimation, face tracking and eye gaze estimation. Development of algorithms for these applications is an active field of research. Read More

Face detection is an essential step in many computer vision applications like surveillance, tracking, medical analysis, facial expression analysis etc. Several approaches have been made in the direction of face detection. Among them, Haar-like features based method is a robust method. Read More

On board monitoring of the alertness level of an automotive driver has been a challenging research in transportation safety and management. In this paper, we propose a robust real time embedded platform to monitor the loss of attention of the driver during day as well as night driving conditions. The PERcentage of eye CLOSure (PERCLOS) has been used as the indicator of the alertness level. Read More

Crowdsourcing is now widely used to replace judgement by an expert authority with an aggregate evaluation from a number of non-experts, in applications ranging from rating and categorizing online content to evaluation of student assignments in massively open online courses via peer grading. A key issue in these settings, where direct monitoring is infeasible, is incentivizing agents in the `crowd' to put in effort to make good evaluations, as well as to truthfully report their evaluations. This leads to a new family of information elicitation problems with unobservable ground truth, where an agent's proficiency- the probability with which she correctly evaluates the underlying ground truth- is endogenously determined by her strategic choice of how much effort to put into the task. Read More

Dimension reduction is a key algorithmic tool with many applications including nearest-neighbor search, compressed sensing and linear algebra in the streaming model. In this work we obtain a {\em sparse} version of the fundamental tool in dimension reduction --- the Johnson--Lindenstrauss transform. Using hashing and local densification, we construct a sparse projection matrix with just $\tilde{O}(\frac{1}{\epsilon})$ non-zero entries per column. Read More

Empirical evidence suggests that hashing is an effective strategy for dimensionality reduction and practical nonparametric estimation. In this paper we provide exponential tail bounds for feature hashing and show that the interaction between random subspaces is negligible with high probability. We demonstrate the feasibility of this approach with experimental results for a new use case -- multitask learning with hundreds of thousands of tasks. Read More

A large body of work has been devoted to defining and identifying clusters or communities in social and information networks. We explore from a novel perspective several questions related to identifying meaningful communities in large social and information networks, and we come to several striking conclusions. We employ approximation algorithms for the graph partitioning problem to characterize as a function of size the statistical and structural properties of partitions of graphs that could plausibly be interpreted as communities. Read More

The Lp regression problem takes as input a matrix $A \in \Real^{n \times d}$, a vector $b \in \Real^n$, and a number $p \in [1,\infty)$, and it returns as output a number ${\cal Z}$ and a vector $x_{opt} \in \Real^d$ such that ${\cal Z} = \min_{x \in \Real^d} ||Ax -b||_p = ||Ax_{opt}-b||_p$. In this paper, we construct coresets and obtain an efficient two-stage sampling-based approximation algorithm for the very overconstrained ($n \gg d$) version of this classical problem, for all $p \in [1, \infty)$. The first stage of our algorithm non-uniformly samples $\hat{r}_1 = O(36^p d^{\max\{p/2+1, p\}+1})$ rows of $A$ and the corresponding elements of $b$, and then it solves the Lp regression problem on the sample; we prove this is an 8-approximation. Read More

There have been extensive developments recently in modern nonparametric inference and modeling. Nonparametric and semi-parametric methods are especially useful with large amounts of data that are now routinely collected in many areas of science. Probability and stochastic modeling are also playing major new roles in scientific applications. Read More

Consider a testing problem for the null hypothesis $H_0:\theta\in\Theta_0$. The standard frequentist practice is to reject the null hypothesis when the p-value is smaller than a threshold value $\alpha$, usually 0.05. Read More