Angela Foerster - Instituto de Fisica da UFRGS, Brazil

Angela Foerster
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Angela Foerster
Instituto de Fisica da UFRGS, Brazil
Porto Alegre

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Pub Categories

Physics - Statistical Mechanics (11)
High Energy Physics - Theory (8)
Physics - Strongly Correlated Electrons (5)
Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems (5)
Quantum Physics (5)
Mathematics - Mathematical Physics (3)
Mathematical Physics (3)
Mathematics - Quantum Algebra (1)
Nuclear Theory (1)

Publications Authored By Angela Foerster

The isomorphism $SU(4) \simeq O(6)$ is used to construct the form factors of the O(6) Gross-Neveu model as bound state form factors of the SU(4) chiral Gross-Neveu model. This technique is generalized and is then applied to use the O(6) as the starting point of the nesting procedure to obtain the O(N) form factors for general even N. Read More

We describe the dynamical preparation of magnetic states in a strongly interacting two-component Bose gas in a harmonic trap. By mapping this system to an effective spin chain model, we obtain the dynamical spin densities and the fidelities for a few-body system. We show that the spatial profiles transit between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic states as the intraspecies interaction parameter is slowly increased. Read More

The extended Bose-Hubbard model for a double-well potential with atom-pair tunneling is studied. Starting with a classical analysis we determine the existence of three different quantum phases: self-trapping, phase-locking and Josephson states. From this analysis we built the parameter space of quantum phase transitions between degenerate and non-degenerate ground states driven by the atom-pair tunneling. Read More

We apply previous results on the O(N) Bethe Ansatz [1 to 3] to construct a general form factor formula for the O(N) Gross-Neveu model. We examine this formula for several operators, such as the energy momentum, the spin-field and the current. We also compare these results with the 1/N expansion of this model and obtain full agreement. Read More

The Yang-Baxter equation has long been recognised as the masterkey to integrability, providing the basis for exactly solved models which capture the fundamental physics of a number of realistic classical and quantum systems. In this article we provide an introductory overview of the impact of Yang-Baxter integrable models on experiments in condensed matter physics and ultracold atoms. A number of prominent examples are mentioned, including the hard-hexagon model, the Heisenberg spin chain, the transverse quantum Ising chain, a spin ladder model, the Lieb-Liniger Bose gas, the Gaudin-Yang Fermi gas and the two-site Bose-Hubbard model. Read More

We study measurable quantities of bosonic and fermionic mixtures on a one-dimensional ring. These few-body ensembles consist of majority atoms obeying certain statistics (Fermi or Bose) and an impurity atom in a different hyperfine state. The repulsive interactions between majority-impurity and majority-majority are varied from weak to strong. Read More

We calculate explicitly the Bethe vectors states by the algebraic Bethe ansatz method with the $gl(2)$-invariant $R$-matrix for the two-site Bose-Hubbard model. Using a binomial expansion of the n-th power of a sum of two operators we get and solve a recursion equation. We calculate the scalar product and the norm of the Bethe vectors states. Read More

We show that the breaking of integrability in the fundamental one-dimensional model of bosons with contact interactions has consequences on the stationary correlation properties of the system. We calculate the energies and correlation functions of the integrable Lieb-Liniger case, comparing the exact Bethe-ansatz solution with a corresponding Jastrow ansatz. Then we examine the non-integrable case of different interaction strengths between each pair of atoms by means of a variationally optimized Jastrow ansatz, proposed in analogy to the Laughlin ansatz. Read More

A general form factor formula for the $O(N)\sigma$-model is constructed and applied to several operators. The large N limits of these form factors are computed and compared with the 1/N expansion of the $O(N)\sigma$-model in terms of Feynman graphs and full agreement is found. In particular, O(3) and O(4) form factors are discussed. Read More

Exactly solvable models of ultracold Fermi gases are reviewed via their thermodynamic Bethe Ansatz solution. Analytical and numerical results are obtained for the thermodynamics and ground state properties of two- and three-component one-dimensional attractive fermions with population imbalance. New results for the universal finite temperature corrections are given for the two-component model. Read More

We study the quantum phase transitions of a model that describes the interconversion of interacting bosonic atoms and molecules. Using a classical analysis, we identify a threshold coupling line separating a molecular phase and a mixed phase. Through studies of the energy gap, von Neumann entanglement entropy, and fidelity, we give evidence that this line is associated to a boundary line in the ground-state phase diagram of the quantum system. Read More

The general SU(N) form factor formula is constructed. Exact form factors for the field, the energy momentum and the current operators are derived and compared with the 1/N-expansion of the chiral Gross-Neveu model and full agreement is found. As an application of the form factor approach the equal time commutation rules of arbitrary local fields are derived and in general anyonic behavior is found. Read More

We give a straightforward derivation of the string equation and Virasoro constraints on the $\tau$ function of the BKP hierarchy by means of some special additional symmetry flows. The explicit forms of the actions of these additional symmetry flows on the wave function and then the negative Virasoro generators $L_{-k}$ are given, where $k$ is a positive integer. Read More

Based on the Orlov and Shulman's M operator, the additional symmetries and the string equation of the CKP hierarchy are established, and then the higher order constraints on $L^l$ are obtained. In addition, the generating function and some properties are also given. In particular, the additional symmetry flows form a new infinite dimensional algebra $W^C_{1+\infty}$, which is a subalgebra of $W_{1+\infty}$. Read More

The form factor equations are solved for an SU(N) invariant S-matrix under the assumption that the anti-particle is identified with the bound state of N-1 particles. The solution is obtained explicitly in terms of the nested off-shell Bethe ansatz where the contribution from each level is written in terms of multiple contour integrals. Read More

We study a three-mode Hamiltonian modelling a heteronuclear molecular Bose--Einstein condensate. Two modes are associated with two distinguishable atomic constituents, which can combine to form a molecule represented by the third mode. Beginning with a semi-classical analogue of the model, we conduct an analysis to determine the phase space fixed points of the system. Read More

The purpose of the ''bootstrap program'' for integrable quantum field theories in 1+1 dimensions is to construct explicitly a model in terms of its Wightman functions. In this article, this program is mainly illustrated in terms of the sinh-Gordon model and the SU(N) Gross-Neveu model. The nested off-shell Bethe ansatz for an SU(N) factorizing S-matrix is constructed. Read More

We study an integrable two-leg spin-1/2 ladder with an XYZ-type rung interaction. Exact rung states and rung energies are obtained for the anisotropic rung coupling in the presence of a magnetic field. Magnetic properties are analyzed at both zero and finite temperatures via the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz and the high-temperature expansion. Read More

By introducing a basis for a novel realization of the SU(4) Lie algebra, we exactly solve a spin-orbital chain with one-ion $L$-$S$ coupling (OILSC) via the Bethe ansatz (BA) approach. In the context of different Land\'e $g$ factors of the spin and orbital sectors, the OILSC results in rich and novel quantum phase transitions. Some accurate analytical expressions for the critical fields are obtained. Read More

We investigate the thermal and magnetic properties of the integrable su(4) ladder model by means of the quantum transfer matrix method. The magnetic susceptibility, specific heat, magnetic entropy and high field magnetization are evaluated from the free energy derived via the recently proposed method of high temperature expansion for exactly solved models. We show that the integrable model can be used to describe the physics of the strong coupling ladder compounds. Read More

A spin-orbital chain with different Land\'e $g$ factors and one-ion anisotropy is studied in the context of the thermodynamical Bethe ansatz. It is found that there exists a magnetization plateau resulting from the different Land\'e $g$ factors. Detailed phase diagram in the presence of an external magnetic field is presented both numerically and analytically. Read More

We introduce an integrable model for two coupled BCS systems through a solution of the Yang-Baxter equation associated with the Lie algebra $su(4)$. By employing the algebraic Bethe ansatz, we determine the exact solution for the energy spectrum. An asymptotic analysis is conducted to determine the leading terms in the ground state energy, the gap and some one point correlation functions at zero temperature. Read More

Two integrable spin ladder systems with different types of impurities are proposed. The impurities are introduced in such a way that the integrability of the models is not violated. The models are solved exactly and the Bethe ansatz equations as well as the energy eigenvalues are obtained. Read More

We present two integrable spin ladder models which possess a general free parameter besides the rung coupling J. The models are exactly solvable by means of the Bethe ansatz method and we present the Bethe ansatz equations. We analyse the elementary excitations of the models which reveal the existence of a gap for both models that depends on the free parameter. Read More

We present two new integrable spin ladder models which posses three general free parameters besides the rung coupling J. Wang's systems based on the SU(4) and SU(3/1) symmetries can be obtained as special cases. The models are exactly solvable by means of the Bethe ansatz method. Read More

A new model for a spin 1/2 ladder system with two legs is introduced. It is demonstrated that this model is solvable via the Bethe ansatz method for arbitrary values of the rung coupling J. This is achieved by a suitable mapping from the Hubbard model with appropriate twisted boundary conditions. Read More

The nested algebraic Bethe ansatz is presented for the anisotropic supersymmetric $U$ model maintaining quantum supersymmetry. The Bethe ansatz equations of the model are obtained on a one-dimensional closed lattice and an expression for the energy is given. Read More

We investigate the algebraic structure of a recently proposed integrable $t-J$ model with impurities. Three forms of the Bethe ansatz equations are presented corresponding to the three choices for the grading. We prove that the Bethe ansatz states are highest weight vectors of the underlying $gl(2|1)$ supersymmetry algebra. Read More

We present a new integrable model for correlated electrons which is based on a $so(5)$ symmetry. By using an $\eta$-pairing realization we construct eigenstates of the Hamiltonian with off-diagonal long-range order. It is also shown that these states lie in the ground state sector. Read More

A quantum algebra invariant integrable closed spin 1 chain is introduced and analysed in detail. The Bethe ansatz equations as well as the energy eigenvalues of the model are obtained. The highest weight property of the Bethe vectors with respect to U_q(sl(2)) is proved. Read More

Affiliations: 1University of Queensland, Australia, 2Instituto de Fisica da UFRGS, Brazil

A t-J model for correlated electrons with impurities is proposed. The impurities are introduced in such a way that integrability of the model in one dimension is not violated. The algebraic Bethe ansatz solution of the model is also given and it is shown that the Bethe states are highest weight states with respect to the supersymmetry algebra gl(2/1) Read More

Affiliations: 1Instituto de Fisica da UFRGS, Brazil, 2Department of Mathematics, University of Queensland, Australia, 3Theory Division, CERN, Switzerland

Using Reshetikhin's construction for multiparametric quantum algebras we obtain the associated multiparametric quantum spin chains. We show that under certain restrictions these models can be mapped to quantum spin chains with twisted boundary conditions. We illustrate how this general formalism applies to construct multiparametric versions of the supersymmetric t-J and U models. Read More

An integrable version of the supersymmetric t-J model which is quantum group invariant as well as periodic is introduced and analysed in detail. The model is solved through the algebraic nested Bethe ansatz method. Read More