Andreas Zech - for the Pierre Auger Collaboration

Andreas Zech
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Andreas Zech
for the Pierre Auger Collaboration

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High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena (6)
Astrophysics (3)
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (2)
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (1)

Publications Authored By Andreas Zech

The wealth of recent data from imaging air Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs), ultra-high energy cosmic-ray experiments and neutrino telescopes have fuelled a renewed interest in hadronic emission models for gamma-loud blazars. We explore physically plausible solutions for a lepto-hadronic interpretation of the stationary emission from high-frequency peaked BL Lac objects (HBLs). The modelled spectral energy distributions are then searched for specific signatures at very high energies that could help to distinguish the hadronic origin of the emission from a standard leptonic scenario. Read More

The GCT is an innovative dual-mirror solution proposed for the small-size telescopes for CTA, capable of imaging primary cosmic gamma-rays from below a TeV to hundreds of TeV. The reduced plate scale resulting from the secondary optics allows the use of compact photosensors, including multi-anode photomultiplier tubes or silicon photomultipliers. We show preliminary results of Monte Carlo simulations using the packages CORSIKA and Sim_telarray, comparing the relative performance of each photosensor type. Read More

The one-zone synchrotron-self-Compton (SSC) model aims to describe the spectral energy distribution (SED) of BL Lac objects via synchrotron emission by a non-thermal population of electrons and positrons in a single homogeneous emission region, partially upscattered to gamma-rays by the particles themselves. The model is usually considered as degenerate, given that the number of free parameters is higher than the number of observables. It is thus common to model the SED by choosing a single set of values for the SSC-model parameters that provide a good description of the data, without studying the entire parameter space. Read More

Observations performed with the Fermi-LAT telescope have revealed the presence of a spectral break in the GeV spectrum of flat-spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs) and other low- and intermediate-synchrotron peaked blazars. We propose that this feature can be explained by Compton scattering of broad-line region (BLR) photons by a non-thermal population of electrons described by a log-parabolic function. We consider in particular a scenario in which the energy densities of particles, magnetic field, and soft photons in the emitting region are close to equipartition. Read More

Blazar spectral models generally have numerous unconstrained parameters, leading to ambiguous values for physical properties like Doppler factor delta or fluid magnetic field B'. To help remedy this problem, a few modifications of the standard leptonic blazar jet scenario are considered. First, a log-parabola function for the electron distribution is used. Read More

The models developed to describe the spectral energy distribution (SED) of blazars can be divided into leptonic or hadronic scenarios, according to the particles responsible for the high-energy component. We have developed a new stationary code which computes all the relevant leptonic and hadronic processes, permitting the study of both leptonic and hadronic scenarios in a consistent way. Interestingly, mixed lepto-hadronic scenarios (in which both components contribute to the high energy emission) naturally arise in this framework. Read More

The characteristic double-bumped spectral energy distribution (SED) of blazars is explained by either leptonic or hadronic models. In the former, Inverse Compton emission dominates the emission of the high energy bump, while proton synchrotron emission and proton-gamma interactions dominate it in the latter. We present a new stationary lepto-hadronic code that evaluates both the leptonic and the hadronic interactions. Read More

Authors: Andreas Zech1
Affiliations: 1for the Pierre Auger Collaboration
Category: Astrophysics

The goal of the Pierre Auger Observatory is to determine the still unknown nature and origin of ultra-high energy cosmic rays. The study of these elusive particles probes astrophysical sites of particle acceleration as well as fundamental interactions at energies unattainable in accelerator facilities. Auger combines two observational techniques, a large surface array and air fluorescence detectors, to observe the extended air showers generated in the atmosphere by cosmic rays. Read More

We present studies of systematic uncertainties in the measurement of the ultra-high energy cosmic ray (UHECR) spectrum with the FADC detector of the High Resolution Fly's Eye experiment (HiRes-II). One source of uncertainties lies in the simulation of the energy dependent aperture of the air fluorescence detector. We study the impact of changes in the energy spectrum and composition that are used as input to the aperture simulation. Read More

Authors: Andreas Zech1
Affiliations: 1HiRes Fly's Eye Collaboration
Category: Astrophysics

We have measured the energy spectrum of ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECR) with the HiRes FADC detector (HiRes-2) in monocular mode. A detailed Monte Carlo simulation of the detector response to air showers has been used to calculate the energy dependent acceptance of the air fluorescence detector. The measured spectrum complements the measurement by the HiRes-1 detector down to lower energies. Read More