Andreas Crivellin

Andreas Crivellin
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High Energy Physics - Phenomenology (50)
 
High Energy Physics - Experiment (32)
 
Nuclear Theory (4)
 
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics (3)
 
High Energy Physics - Lattice (2)

Publications Authored By Andreas Crivellin

Over the past years, experiments accumulated intriguing hints for new physics (NP) in flavor observables, namely in the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon ($a_\mu$), in $R(D^{(*)})={\rm Br}(B\to D^{(*)}\tau\nu)/{\rm Br}(B\to D^{(*)}\ell\nu)$ and in $b\to s\mu^+\mu^-$ transitions, which are all at the $3-4\,\sigma$ level. In this article we point out that one can explain the $R(D^{(*)})$ anomaly using two scalar leptoquarks (LQs) with the same mass and coupling to fermions related via a discrete symmetry: an $SU(2)$ singlet and an $SU(2)$ triplet, both with hypercharge $Y=-2/3$. In this way, potentially dangerous contributions to $b\to s\nu\nu$ are avoided and non-CKM suppressed effects in $R(D^{(*)})$ can be generated. Read More

In this article we study the MSSM with stops and Higgs scalars much lighter than gluinos and squarks of the first two generations. In this setup, one should use an effective field theory with partial supersymmetry in which the gluino and heavy squarks are integrated out in order to connect SUSY parameters (given at a high scale) to observables in the stop sector. In the construction of this effective theory, valid below the gluino mass scale, we take into account $O(\alpha_3)$ and $O(Y_{t,b}^2)$ effects and calculate the matching as well as the renormalization group evolution. Read More

The Standard-Model (SM) prediction for the CP-violating quantity $\epsilon_K^{\prime}/\epsilon_K$ deviates from its measured value by 2.8 $\sigma$. It has been shown that this tension can be resolved within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) through gluino-squark box diagrams, even if squarks and gluinos are much heavier than 1 TeV. Read More

In this article, a complete analysis of the three muonic lepton-flavour violating processes $\mu\to e \gamma$, $\mu\to 3e$ and coherent nuclear $\mu\to e$ conversion is performed in the framework of an effective theory with dimension six operators defined below the electroweak symmetry breaking scale $m_W$. The renormalisation-group evolution of the Wilson coefficients between $m_W$ and the experimental scale is fully taken into account at the leading order in QCD and QED, and explicit analytic and numerical evolution matrices are given. As a result, muonic decay and conversion rates are interpreted as functions of the Wilson coefficients at any scale up to $m_W$. Read More

The long-standing anomaly in the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon indicates the presence of chirality violating new physics contributions. A possible solution involves scalar leptoquarks with left- and right-handed couplings to the top quark. Two such representations of scalar leptoquarks exist for which the contribution to $(g-2)_\mu$ can possess an $m_t/m_\mu$ enhancement compared to the Standard Model. Read More

The basic features of quark and lepton mass matrices can be successfully explained by natural minima of a generic potential with dynamical Yukawa fields invariant under the $[\mathrm{SU(3)}]^5\times \mathcal{O}(3)$ flavor symmetry. If this symmetry is gauged, in order to avoid potentially dangerous Goldstone bosons, and small perturbations are added to exactly fit the observed pattern of fermion masses, the spectrum of massive flavor gauge bosons can naturally explain the hints for new physics in $b\to s \ell^+\ell^-$ transitions, including $R_K$. In particular, the desired pattern of the Standard Model Yukawa couplings is compatible with a gauged $\mathrm{U(1)}_q$ in the quark sector, and $\mathrm{U(1)}_{\mu-\tau}$ in the lepton sector spontaneously broken around the TeV scale. Read More

Recent results from the LHC's first run have revealed intriguing departures from lepton flavour universality in the semi-leptonic decays of $B$-mesons. We discuss the complementary role that rare kaon decays can provide in testing new physics explanations of these flavour anomalies. In the framework of minimal flavour violation, we relate the chiral low-energy constants involved in $K\to\pi\ell\ell'$ and $K\to\ell\ell'$ ($\ell = \mu \mbox{ or } e$) with the new physics Wilson coefficients of the $b\to s$ effective Hamiltonian. Read More

Recent measurements of $b\to s\mu^+\mu^-$ processes at LHCb and BELLE have revealed tensions at the $2-3\,\sigma$ level between the Standard Model (SM) prediction and the experimental results in the channels $B\to K^*\mu^+\mu^-$ and $B_s\to\phi\mu^+\mu^-$, as well as in the lepton-flavor universality violating observable $R_K={\rm Br}(B\to K\mu^+\mu^-)/{\rm Br}(B\to Ke^+e^-$). Combined global fits to the available $b\to s\mu^+\mu^-$ data suggest that these tensions might have their common origin in New Physics (NP) beyond the SM because some NP scenarios turn out to be preferred over the SM by $4-5\,\sigma$. The fact that all these anomalies are related to muons further suggests a connection (and a common NP explanation) with the long-standing anomaly in the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, $a_\mu$. Read More

In this article we extend the effective field theory framework describing new physics effects to the case where the underlying low-energy theory is a Two-Higgs-Doublet model. We derive a complete set of independent operators up to dimension six assuming a $Z_2$-invariant CP-conserving Higgs potential. The effects on Higgs and gauge boson masses, mixing angles in the Higgs sector as well as couplings to fermions and gauge bosons are computed. Read More

Several experiments observed deviations from the Standard Model (SM) in the flavour sector: LHCb found a $4-5\,\sigma$ discrepancy compared to the SM in $b\to s\mu^+\mu^-$ transitions (recently supported by an Belle analysis) and CMS reported a non-zero measurement of $h\to\mu\tau$ with a significance of $2.4\,\sigma$. Furthermore, BELLE, BABAR and LHCb founds hints for the violation of flavour universality in $B\to D^{(*)}\tau\nu$. Read More

Physics beyond the Standard Model, realized above the electroweak scale, can be incorporated in a model independent way in the Wilson coefficients of higher dimensional gauge invariant operators. In these proceedings we review the matching of the $SU(3)_C\times SU(2)_L\times U(1)_Y$ gauge invariant dimension-six operators on the effective Hamiltonian governing $b\to s$ and $b\to c$ transitions, including the leading 1-loop effects. Read More

Several experiments observed deviations from the Standard Model (SM) in the flavour sector: LHCb found a $4-5\,\sigma$ discrepancy compared to the SM in $b\to s\mu^+\mu^-$ transitions (recently supported by an Belle analysis) and CMS reported a non-zero measurement of $h\to\mu\tau$ with a significance of $2.4\,\sigma$. Furthermore, BELLE, BABAR and LHCb founds hints for the violation of flavour universality in $B\to D^{(*)}\tau\nu$. Read More

Several experiments reported hints for the violation of lepton flavor or lepton flavor universality in processes involving muons. Most prominently, there is the hint for a non-zero rate of the flavor violating Higgs decay $h \to \tau\mu$ at the LHC, as well as the hint for lepton flavor universality violation in rare $B$ meson decays at LHCb. In addition, also the long standing discrepancy in the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon motivates new physics connected to muons. Read More

Natural realisations of supersymmetry require light stops ${\tilde t}_1$, making them a prime target of LHC searches for physics beyond the Standard Model. Depending on the kinematic region, the main search channels are ${\tilde t_1}\to t \tilde \chi^0_1$, ${\tilde t_1}\to W b \tilde \chi^0_1$ and ${\tilde t_1}\to c \tilde \chi^0_1$. We first examine the interplay of these decay modes with ${\tilde c_1}\to c \tilde \chi^0_1$ in a model-independent fashion, revealing the existence of large regions in parameter space which are excluded for any ${\tilde t_1}\to c \tilde \chi^0_1$ branching ratio. Read More

Recent anomalies in the decays of $B$ mesons and the Higgs boson provide hints towards lepton flavor (universality) violating physics beyond the Standard Model. We observe that four-fermion operators which can explain the $B$-physics anomalies have corresponding analogs in the kaon sector, and we analyze their impact on $K\to\pi\ell \ell'$ and $K\to\ell \ell'$ decays $(\ell=\mu,e)$. For these processes, we note the corresponding physics opportunities at the NA62 experiment. Read More

New physics realized above the electroweak scale can be encoded in a model independent way in the Wilson coefficients of higher dimensional operators which are invariant under the Standard Model gauge group. In this article, we study the matching of the $SU(3)_C \times SU(2)_L \times U(1)_Y$ gauge invariant dim-6 operators on the standard $B$ physics Hamiltonian relevant for $b \to s$ and $b\to c$ transitions. The matching is performed at the electroweak scale (after spontaneous symmetry breaking) by integrating out the top quark, $W$, $Z$ and the Higgs particle. Read More

While the LHC did not observe direct evidence for physics beyond the standard model, indirect hints for new physics were uncovered in the flavour sector in the decays $B\to K^*\mu^+\mu^-$, $B\to K\mu^+\mu^-/B\to Ke^+e^-$, $B_s\to\phi\mu^+\mu^-$, $B\to D^{(*)}\tau\nu$ and $h\to\tau^\pm\mu^\mp$. Each observable deviates from the SM predictions at the $2-3\,\sigma$ level only, but combining all $b\to s\mu^+\mu^-$ data via a global fit, one finds $4-5\,\sigma$ difference for NP compared to the SM and combining $B\to D^{*}\tau\nu$ with $B\to D\tau\nu$ one obtains $3.9\,\sigma$. Read More

The loop corrections to the couplings of Higgs bosons to quarks and charged leptons are calculated within supersymmetric versions of the Standard Model, extended by a gauge singlet. The effective couplings of the $SU(2)_L$ doublet and singlet Higgs bosons to quarks and leptons, induced by sfermion loops, are derived. Analytic expressions for the case of generic sfermion flavour mixing, including the complete resummation of all chirally-enhanced contributions are presented. Read More

The BaBar, Belle, and LHCb collaborations have reported evidence for new physics in $B\to D\tau\nu$ and $B\to D^*\tau\nu$ of approximately $3.8\sigma$. There is also the long lasting discrepancy of about $3\sigma$ in the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, and the branching ratio for $\tau\to\mu\nu\nu$ is $1. Read More

LHCb reported anomalies in $B\to K^* \mu^+\mu^-$, $B_s\to\phi\mu^+\mu^-$ and $R(K)=B\to K \mu^+\mu^-/B\to K e^+e^-$. Furthermore, BaBar, BELLE and LHCb found hints for the violation of lepton flavour universality violation in $R(D^{(*)})=B\to D^{(*)}\tau\nu/B\to D^{(*)}\ell\nu$. In this note we reexamine these decays and their correlations to $B\to K^{(*)}\nu\bar{\nu}$ using gauge invariant dim-6 operators. Read More

In these proceedings we review the interplay between LHC searches for dark matter and direct detection experiments. For this purpose we consider two prime examples: the effective field theory (EFT) approach and the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM). In the EFT scenario we show that for operators which do not enter directly direct detection at tree-level, but only via loop effects, LHC searches give complementary constraints. Read More

The LHC observed deviations from the Standard Model (SM) in the flavour sector: LHCb found a $4.3\,\sigma$ discrepancy compared to the SM in $b\to s\mu\mu$ transitions and CMS reported a non-zero measurement of $h\to\mu\tau$ with a significance of $2.4\,\sigma$. Read More

LHCb found hints for physics beyond the standard model in $B\to K^*\mu^+\mu^-$, $B\to K^*\mu^+\mu^-/B\to K^*e^+e^-$ and $B_s\to\phi\mu^+\mu^-$. In addition, the BABAR results for $B\to D^{(*)}\tau\nu$ and the CMS excess in $h\to\tau^\pm\mu^\mp$ also point towards lepton flavour (universality) violating new physics. While $B\to D^{(*)}\tau\nu$ and $h\to\tau^\pm\mu^\mp$ can be naturally explained by an extended Higgs sector, the probably most promising explanation for the $b\to s\mu\mu$ anomalies is a $Z'$ boson. Read More

LHCb has reported deviations from the Standard Model in $b\to s\mu^+\mu^-$ transitions for which a new neutral gauge boson is a prime candidate for an explanation. As this gauge boson has to couple in a flavour non-universal way to muons and electrons in order to explain $R_K$, it is interesting to examine the possibility that also lepton flavour is violated, especially in the light of the CMS excess in $h\to\tau^\pm\mu^\mp$. In this article, we investigate the perspectives to discover the lepton-flavour violating modes $B\to K^{(*)}\tau^\pm\mu^\mp$, $B_s\to \tau^\pm\mu^\mp$ and $B\to K^{(*)} \mu^\pm e^\mp$, $B_s\to \mu^\pm e^\mp$. Read More

In the framework of the MSSM, we examine several simplified models where only a few superpartners are light. This allows us to study WIMP--nucleus scattering in terms of a handful of MSSM parameters and thereby scrutinize their impact on dark matter direct-detection experiments. Focusing on spin-independent WIMP--nucleon scattering, we derive simplified, analytic expressions for the Wilson coefficients associated with Higgs and squark exchange. Read More

We study the impact of an additional $U(1)'$ gauge symmetry with flavour-dependent charges for quarks and leptons on the LHC flavour anomalies observed in $B \to K^* \mu^+\mu^-$, $R(K) = B \to K \mu^+\mu^-/B \to K e^+e^-$, and $h \to \mu\tau$. In its minimal version with two scalar doublets, the resulting model naturally explains the deviations from the Standard Model observed in $B \to K^* \mu^+\mu^-$ and $R(K)$. The CMS access in $h \to \mu\tau$ can be explained by introducing a third scalar doublet, which gives rise to a prediction for $\tau \to 3\mu$. Read More

We present a class of models in which dark matter (DM) is a fermionic singlet under the Standard Model (SM) gauge group but is charged under a symmetry of flavour that acts as well on the SM fermions. Interactions between DM and SM particles are mediated by the scalar fields that spontaneously break the flavour symmetry, the so-called flavons. In the case of gauged flavour symmetries, the interactions are also mediated by the flavour gauge bosons. Read More

Collider searches for energetic particles recoiling against missing transverse energy allow to place strong bounds on the interactions between dark matter (DM) and standard model particles. In this article we update and extend LHC constraints on effective dimension-7 operators involving DM and electroweak gauge bosons. A concise comparison of the sensitivity of the mono-photon, mono-W, mono-Z, mono-W/Z, invisible Higgs-boson decays in the vector boson fusion mode and the mono-jet channel is presented. Read More

The LHC observed so far three deviations from the Standard Model (SM) predictions in flavour observables: LHCb reported anomalies in $B\to K^* \mu^+\mu^-$ and $R(K)=B\to K \mu^+\mu^-/B\to K e^+e^-$ while CMS found an excess in $h\to\mu\tau$. We show, for the first time, how these deviations from the SM can be explained within a single well-motivated model: a two-Higgs-doublet model with gauged $L_\mu-L_\tau$ symmetry. We find that, despite the constraints from $\tau\to\mu\mu\mu$ and $B_s$--$\overline{B}_s$ mixing, one can explain $h \to\mu\tau$, $B\to K^* \mu^+\mu^-$ and $R(K)$ simultaneously, obtaining interesting correlations among the observables. Read More

In these proceedings we review the impact of additional Higgs bosons on $B$ physics observables. For this purpose, we consider first the 2HDM of type II which respects natural flavour conservation. Afterwards, we study a 2HDM with generic flavour structure (of type III). Read More

In this article we calculate the 1-loop supersymmetric QCD (SQCD) corrections to the decay $\tilde u_1\to c \tilde\chi^0_1$ in the MSSM with generic flavour structure. This decay mode is phenomenologically important if the mass difference between the lightest squark $\tilde u_1$ (which is assumed to be mainly stop-like) and the neutralino LSP $\tilde \chi^0_1$ is smaller than the top mass. In such a scenario $\tilde u_1\to t \tilde\chi^0_1$ is kinematically not allowed and searches for $\tilde u_1\to W b \tilde\chi^0_1$ and $\tilde u_1\to c \tilde\chi^0_1$ are performed. Read More

In these proceedings we review the impact of the tauonic $B$ decays $B\to\tau\nu$, $B\to D\tau\nu$ and $B\to D^*\tau\nu$ on Higgs mediated flavour violation. For this purpose we study a 2HDM with generic flavour structure (of type III). We find that despite the stringent constraints from FCNC processes sizable effects in tauonic $B$ decays are possible if top-related flavour violation is large and that the tensions with the SM predictions can be resolved even when taking into account the recent CMS bounds on $A^0\to\tau^+\tau^-$. Read More

In these proceedings I present a personal perspective of the challenges for new physics (NP) searches in the flavour sector. Since the CKM mechanism of flavour violation has been established to a very high precision, we know that physics beyond the Standard Model can only contribute sub-dominantly. Therefore, any realistic model of physics beyond the Standard Model (SM) must respect the stringent constrains from flavour observables like $b\to s \gamma$, $B_s\to\mu^+\mu^-$, $\Delta F=2$ processes etc. Read More

While many interactions of dark matter (DM) with the standard model (SM) affect direct detection and LHC searches, there are only a few operators generating annihilation of DM into photons. All of these operators, except four of them, give rise to unsuppressed rates, rendering indirect detection superior to other search strategies. For two of the four effective interactions with velocity-suppressed annihilation cross sections, we identify a new type of loop effect which significantly enhances the associated direct detection rates. Read More

The precise determination of the CKM elements $V_{cb}$ and $V_{ub}$ is crucial for any new physics analysis in the flavour sector. Their values can be determined from several tree-level decays: $V_{cb}$ can be extracted from $B\to D\ell\nu$ and $B\to D^*\ell\nu$ while $V_{ub}$ can be obtained from $B\to \pi\ell\nu$, $B\to \rho\ell\nu$ and $B\to\tau\nu$. In addition, for both $V_{cb }$ and $V_{ub}$ an inclusive determination is available. Read More

In these proceedings we give a concise review of some selected flavour-violation processes and their implications for two-Higgs-doublet models (2HDMs) and the MSSM. The processes under investigation are $\Delta F=2$ processes, $B_s\to\mu^+\mu^-$, $b\to s\gamma$, and tauonic $B$ decays. For each process we show the impact on the models. Read More

In these proceedings we review the flavour phenomenology of two-Higgs-doublet models (2HDMs) and connect the results to the decoupling limit of the MSSM. We first study the impact of FCNC constraints on the allowed parameter space of the 2HDM and examine how recent deviations from the SM expectations in tauonic $B$ decays (observed by BABAR) can be explained in a 2HDM with generic flavour structure (of type III) with sizable flavour violation in the up-sector. Afterwards, we discusses the matching of the MSSM on the 2HDM of type III. Read More

Compared to $\mu \to e \gamma$ and $\mu \to e e e$, the process $\mu \to e$ conversion in nuclei receives enhanced contributions from Higgs-induced lepton flavor violation. Upcoming $\mu \to e$ conversion experiments with drastically increased sensitivity will be able to put extremely stringent bounds on Higgs-mediated $\mu \to e$ transitions. We point out that the theoretical uncertainties associated with these Higgs effects, encoded in the couplings of quark scalar operators to the nucleon, can be accurately assessed using our recently developed approach based on $SU(2)$ Chiral Perturbation Theory that cleanly separates two- and three-flavor observables. Read More

We consider an effective field theory for a gauge singlet Dirac dark matter (DM) particle interacting with the Standard Model (SM) fields via effective operators suppressed by the scale $\Lambda \gtrsim 1$ TeV. We perform a systematic analysis of the leading loop contributions to spin-independent (SI) DM--nucleon scattering using renormalization group evolution between $\Lambda$ and the low-energy scale probed by direct detection experiments. We find that electroweak interactions induce operator mixings such that operators that are naively velocity-suppressed and spin-dependent can actually contribute to SI scattering. Read More

We show how to avoid unnecessary and uncontrolled assumptions usually made in the literature about soft SU(3) flavor symmetry breaking in determining the two-flavor nucleon matrix elements relevant for direct detection of WIMPs. Based on SU(2) Chiral Perturbation Theory, we provide expressions for the proton and neutron scalar couplings $f_u^{p,n}$ and $f_d^{p,n}$ with the pion-nucleon sigma-term as the only free parameter, which should be used in the analysis of direct detection experiments. This approach for the first time allows for an accurate assessment of hadronic uncertainties in spin-independent WIMP-nucleon scattering and for a reliable calculation of isospin-violating effects. Read More

We study lepton flavor observables in the Standard Model (SM) extended with all dimension-$6$ operators which are invariant under the SM gauge group. We calculate the complete one-loop predictions to the radiative lepton decays $\mu\to e\gamma$, $\tau \to \mu \gamma$ and $\tau\to e\gamma$ as well as to the closely related anomalous magnetic moments and electric dipole moments of charged leptons, taking into account all dimension-$6$ operators which can generate lepton flavor violation. Also the 3-body flavor violating charged lepton decays $\tau^\pm \to \mu^\pm \mu^+ \mu^-$, $\tau^\pm\to e^\pm e^+ e^- $, $\tau^\pm \to e^\pm \mu^+ \mu^- $, $\tau^\pm \to \mu^\pm e^+ e^- $, $\tau^\pm \to e^\mp \mu^\pm \mu^\pm$, $\tau^\pm \to \mu^\mp e^\pm e^\pm $ and $\mu^\pm \to e^\pm e^+ e^-$ and the $Z^0$ decays $Z^0\to\ell_i^+\ell_j^-$ are considered, taking into account all tree-level contributions. Read More

In these proceedings we review the flavour phenomenology of 2HDMs with generic Yukawa structures. We first consider the quark sector and find that despite the stringent constraints from FCNC processes large effects in tauonic B decays are still possible. We then consider lepton flavour observables, show correlations between \mu -> e\gamma and \mu^- -> e^-e^+e^- in the 2HDM of type III and give upper bounds on the lepton flavour violating B decay B_d -> \mu e. Read More

SUSY_FLAVOUR 2.0 is a FORTRAN code calculating over 30 low-energy flavour- and CP-related observables in the R-parity conserving MSSM. The code admits for the most general flavour structure of the SUSY breaking terms and complex flavour-diagonal couplings. Read More

We perform an extensive study of flavor observables in a 2HDM with generic Yukawa structure (the decoupling limit of the MSSM). We examine the effects in flavor physics and constrain the model both from tree-level processes and loop-observables. The free parameters of the model are the heavy Higgs mass, tan(\beta) and the "non-holomorphic" Yukawa couplings \epsilon^f_ij (f=u,d,\ell). Read More

In these proceedings we review two aspects of 2HDMs with generic Yukawa structures. The first part considers how recent deviations from the SM expectations in tauonic B decays (observed by BABAR) can be explained in a 2HDM of type III with sizable flavour violation in the up-sector. The second part discusses the matching of the MSSM on the 2HDM of type III. Read More

In this article we compute the two-loop SQCD corrections to Higgs-quark-quark couplings in the generic MSSM generated by diagrams involving squarks and gluinos. We give analytic results for the two-loop contributions in the limit of vanishing external momenta for general SUSY masses valid in the MSSM with general flavour-structure. Working in the decoupling limit (M_SUSY >> v) we resum all chirally enhanced corrections (related to Higgs-quark-quark couplings) up to order \alpha_s^(n+1) tan(\beta)^n. Read More

Recently, the BaBar collaboration reported first evidence for new physics in B->D\tau\nu and B->D*\tau\nu. Combining both processes the significance is 3.4\sigma. Read More

In this article I review some aspects of flavour phenomenology in the MSSM. After an overview of various flavour observables I discuss the constraints on the off-diagonal elements of the squark mass matrices. In this context I present the Fortran code SUSY_FLAVOR which calculates these processes in the generic MSSM including the complete resummation of all chirally enhanced effects as a new feature of version 2. Read More

In this article I review some connections between flavor physics and collider physics. The first part discusses the effect of right-handed charged currents on the determination of the CKM elements V_ub. It is shown that such an effective right-handed W-coupling can be generated in the MSSM which would lead to a sizable enhancement of single-top production at the LHC. Read More

In this article we review the phenomenological consequences of radiative flavor-violation (RFV) in the MSSM. In the model under consideration the U(3)^3 flavor symmetry of the gauge sector is broken in a first step to U(2)^3 by the top and bottom Yukawa couplings of the superpotential (and possibly also by the bilinear SUSY-breaking terms). In a second step the remaining U(2)^3 flavor symmetry is softly broken by the trilinear A-terms in order to obtain the measured quark masses and the CKM matrix of the Standard Model (SM) at low energies. Read More