Andrea Clementi

Andrea Clementi
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Andrea Clementi

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Computer Science - Distributed; Parallel; and Cluster Computing (11)
Computer Science - Discrete Mathematics (9)
Computer Science - Data Structures and Algorithms (3)
Mathematics - Probability (2)
Computer Science - Performance (1)

Publications Authored By Andrea Clementi

We present a simple distributed algorithm that, given a regular graph consisting of two communities (or clusters), each inducing a good expander and such that the cut between them has sparsity $1/\mbox{polylog}(n)$, recovers the two communities. More precisely, upon running the protocol, every node assigns itself a binary label of $m = \Theta(\log n)$ bits, so that with high probability, for all but a small number of outliers, nodes within the same community are assigned labels with Hamming distance $o(m)$, while nodes belonging to different communities receive labels with Hamming distance at least $m/2 - o(m)$. We refer to such an outcome as a "community sensitive labeling" of the graph. Read More

We study consensus processes on the complete graph of $n$ nodes. Initially, each node supports one from up to n opinions. Nodes randomly and in parallel sample the opinions of constant many nodes. Read More

Given an underlying graph, we consider the following \emph{dynamics}: Initially, each node locally chooses a value in $\{-1,1\}$, uniformly at random and independently of other nodes. Then, in each consecutive round, every node updates its local value to the average of the values held by its neighbors, at the same time applying an elementary, local clustering rule that only depends on the current and the previous values held by the node. We prove that the process resulting from this dynamics produces a clustering that exactly or approximately (depending on the graph) reflects the underlying cut in logarithmic time, under various graph models that exhibit a sparse balanced cut, including the stochastic block model. Read More

We consider the following distributed consensus problem: Each node in a complete communication network of size $n$ initially holds an \emph{opinion}, which is chosen arbitrarily from a finite set $\Sigma$. The system must converge toward a consensus state in which all, or almost all nodes, hold the same opinion. Moreover, this opinion should be \emph{valid}, i. Read More

By using concrete scenarios, we present and discuss a new concept of probabilistic Self-Stabilization in Distributed Systems. Read More

We study the following synchronous process that we call "repeated balls-into-bins". The process is started by assigning $n$ balls to $n$ bins in an arbitrary way. In every subsequent round, from each non-empty bin one ball is chosen according to some fixed strategy (random, FIFO, etc), and re-assigned to one of the $n$ bins uniformly at random. Read More

We study a \emph{Plurality-Consensus} process in which each of $n$ anonymous agents of a communication network initially supports an opinion (a color chosen from a finite set $[k]$). Then, in every (synchronous) round, each agent can revise his color according to the opinions currently held by a random sample of his neighbors. It is assumed that the initial color configuration exhibits a sufficiently large \emph{bias} $s$ towards a fixed plurality color, that is, the number of nodes supporting the plurality color exceeds the number of nodes supporting any other color by $s$ additional nodes. Read More

Inspired by the increasing interest in self-organizing social opportunistic networks, we investigate the problem of distributed detection of unknown communities in dynamic random graphs. As a formal framework, we consider the dynamic version of the well-studied \emph{Planted Bisection Model} $\sdG(n,p,q)$ where the node set $[n]$ of the network is partitioned into two unknown communities and, at every time step, each possible edge $(u,v)$ is active with probability $p$ if both nodes belong to the same community, while it is active with probability $q$ (with $q<Read More

Randomized gossip is one of the most popular way of disseminating information in large scale networks. This method is appreciated for its simplicity, robustness, and efficiency. In the "push" protocol, every informed node selects, at every time step (a. Read More

We present a general approach to study the flooding time (a measure of how fast information spreads) in dynamic graphs (graphs whose topology changes with time according to a random process). We consider arbitrary converging Markovian dynamic graph process, that is, processes in which the topology of the graph at time $t$ depends only on its topology at time $t-1$ and which have a unique stationary distribution. The most well studied models of dynamic graphs are all Markovian and converging. Read More

Performance bounds for opportunistic networks have been derived in a number of recent papers for several key quantities, such as the expected delivery time of a unicast message, or the flooding time (a measure of how fast information spreads). However, to the best of our knowledge, none of the existing results is derived under a mobility model which is able to reproduce the power law+exponential tail dichotomy of the pairwise node inter-contact time distribution which has been observed in traces of several real opportunistic networks. The contributions of this paper are two-fold: first, we present a simple pairwise contact model -- called the Home-MEG model -- for opportunistic networks based on the observation made in previous work that pairs of nodes in the network tend to meet in very few, selected locations (home locations); this contact model is shown to be able to faithfully reproduce the power law+exponential tail dichotomy of inter-contact time. Read More

Markovian evolving graphs are dynamic-graph models where the links among a fixed set of nodes change during time according to an arbitrary Markovian rule. They are extremely general and they can well describe important dynamic-network scenarios. We study the speed of information spreading in the "stationary phase" by analyzing the completion time of the "flooding mechanism". Read More

We study the information spreading yielded by the \emph{(Parsimonious) $1$-Flooding Protocol} in geometric Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks. We consider $n$ agents on a convex plane region of diameter $D$ performing independent random walks with move radius $\rho$. At any time step, every active agent $v$ informs every non-informed agent which is within distance $R$ from $v$ ($R>0$ is the transmission radius). Read More

We consider a Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) formed by n agents that move at speed V according to the Manhattan Random-Way Point model over a square region of side length L. The resulting stationary (agent) spatial probability distribution is far to be uniform: the average density over the "central zone" is asymptotically higher than that over the "suburb". Agents exchange data iff they are at distance at most R within each other. Read More

We introduce a new approach to model and analyze \emph{Mobility}. It is fully based on discrete mathematics and yields a class of mobility models, called the \emph{Markov Trace} Model. This model can be seen as the discrete version of the \emph{Random Trip} Model including all variants of the \emph{Random Way-Point} Model \cite{L06}. Read More

We consider a Mobile Ad-hoc NETworks (MANET) formed by "n" nodes that move independently at random over a finite square region of the plane. Nodes exchange data if they are at distance at most "r" within each other, where r>0 is the node transmission radius. The "flooding time" is the number of time steps required to broadcast a message from a source node to every node of the network. Read More

The Min Energy broadcast problem consists in assigning transmission ranges to the nodes of an ad-hoc network in order to guarantee a directed spanning tree from a given source node and, at the same time, to minimize the energy consumption (i.e. the energy cost) yielded by the range assignment. Read More

A multi-hop synchronous wirelss network is said to be unknown if the nodes have no knowledge of the topology. A basic task in wireless network is that of broadcasting a message (created by a fixed source node) to all nodes of the network. The multi-broadcast that consists in performing a set of r independent broadcasts. Read More